IS 10500:1991

Characteristics For Drinking Water
Substance or Characteristic Requirement (Desirable Limit) Undesirable effect outside the desirable limit Permissible limit in the absence of alternate source Remarks

Essential characteristics
1
Colour Hazen Units, Max 5 Above 5, consumer acceptance decreases 25 Extended to 25 only if toxic substances are not suspected in absence of alternate source a). Test cold and when heatedb). Test at several dilutions Test to be conducted only after safety has been established --

2 3 4 5

Odour

Unobjectioable

--

--

Taste Turbidity NTU Max pH

Agreeable 5

-Above 5, consumer acceptance decreases Beyond this range it will affect mucous membrane and water supply system Encrustation in water supply structure and adverse effects on domestic use

-10

6.5 to 8.5

No relaxation

--

6

Total hardness ( as CaCO3) mg/L, Max

300

600

--

When protection against viral infection is required. taste.3 -- .1 0. corrosion and palatability are affected 1 -- 1000 -To be applicable only when water is chlorinated.3 8 Chlorides (as Cl) mg/L. and promotes iron bacteria Beyond this limit. discoloration and corrosion of pipes. has adverse effect on domestic uses and water supply structures 2000 -- 11 75 200 -- 12 Copper (asCu) mg/L. Tested at consumer end.5 -- 13 Manganese (as Mn) mg/L. has adverse effect on domestic uses and water supply structures. free chlorine mg/L.5 mg/L. Max Calcium (as Ca) mg/L.05 1. Max 0. Max 0. 9 Residual. Max 500 Beyond this palatability decreases and may cause gastro intestinal irritation Encrustation in water supply structure and adverse effects on domestic use A stringent taste. it should be Min 0. Max 0.2 -- -- Desirable Characteristics 10 Dissolved solids mg/L. Max 250 Beyond this limit taste/ appearance are affected. fitting and utensils will be caused beyond this Beyond this limit taste/ appearance are affected.7 Iron (as Fe) mg/L. Max 0.

05 No relaxation 0.5 -- 0. Max Selemium (as Se) mg/L.05 No relaxation 0. Max Cadmium (as Cd) mg/L. High fluoride may cause fluorosis Beyond this. Max Mercury (as Hg) mg/L. it may cause objectionable taste and colour Beyond this. the water becomes toxic Beyond this. the water becomes toxic Beyond this. Max Arsenic (as As) mg/L. the water becomes toxic Beyond this.001 0.14 Sulphate (as SO4) mg/L. Max Cyanide (as CN) mg/L.001 0. the water becomes toxic Beyond this. the water becomes toxic 400 May be extended upto 400 provided (as Mg) does not exceed 30 15 Nitrate (as NO3) mg/L Max Fluoride (as F) mg/L.01 No relaxation 0. the water becomes toxic Beyond this.01 No relaxation 0. Max Lead (as Pb) mg/L. Max Phenolic compounds (as C6H5OH) mg/L. Max 50 No relaxation -- 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 1 1. Max 200 Beyond this causes gastro intestinal irritation when magnesium or sodium are present Beyond this methaemoglobinemia takes place Fluoride may be kept as lowas possible.002 No relaxation -To be tested when pollution is suspected To be tested when pollution is suspected To be tested when pollution is suspected To be tested when pollution is suspected To be tested when pollution is suspected To be tested when pollution is suspected 0.05 No relaxation .

11 -- 31 32 33 200 0.2 5 ---- .05 No relaxation -- -- 28 Mineral Oil mg/L. Max Absent 0. Max Polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons (as PAH) mg/L. Max Aluminium (as Al) mg/L.2 1 0. Max 5 Beyond this limit it can cause astringent taste and on opalescence in water Beyond this limit it can cause a light froth in water May be carcinogenic above this limit May be carcinogenic 15 To be tested when pollution is suspected To be tested when pollution is suspected To be tested when pollution is suspected -- 25 26 27 0.01 Beyond this limit undesirable taste & odour after chlorination take place Toxic 0. mg/L.03 1 600 0. Max Boron. Max 0. Max Radioactive materials a). Beta emittersBq/L. Max Anionic Detergents (as MBAS) mg/L. Alpha emitters Bq/L. Max Chromium (as Cr 6+) mg/L. Max b). Max Alkalinity mg/L.001 -- 30 -- -Beyond this limit taste becomes unpleasant Cumulative effect is reported to cause dementia -- 0.24 Zinc (as Zn) mg/L.03 To be tested when pollution is suspected 29 Pesticides mg/L.

b) No sample should contain E.specification (First Revision) IS-10500:1991. and the following standard of water collected in the distribution system is therefore recommended when tested in accordance with IS 1622:1981. c) No sample should contain more than 10 coliform organism per 100 mL. all samples taken from the distribution system including consumers’ premises should be free from coliform organisms. 95 percent of samples should not contain any coliform organisms in 100 mL. New Delhi. this is not always attainable.Bacteriological Examination Water in the distribution system Ideally. Source: Indian standard drinking water . In practice. coli in 100 mL. a) Throughout any year. and d) Coliform organism should not be detectable in 100 mL of any two consecutive samples. BIS. India .

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