FARNSWORTH HOUSE

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EXERCISE 7

Farnswoth House, 1945-51, Mies van der Rohe

EXERCISE 7: FARNSWORTH HOUSE
ASSIGNMENT: In this exercise you will create an architectural model of the Farnsworth House by Mies van der Rohe, located in Plano Illinois. The Farnsworth house is one of Mies’ significant designs. The house illustrates a Mies’ mastery of the open plan and fulfills his dictum “less is more”. This exercise will introduce several methods of integrating AutoCAD and Autodesk VIZ. LEARNING OBJECTIVES: • Modeling a building using VIZ and CAD software • Integrating AutoCAD and VIZ PROCEDURE: 1. Open Autodesk VIZ 2006 2. From the main menu bar select Customize, Units Setup 3. Set the units to US Standard, feet w/ decimal inches. 1

College of DuPage

Architecture 2220: Architectural Modeling

01.dwg” located in your student directory. click on freeze “selected” as shown in figure 7. Freezing will lock an object so that we do not accidentally move or modify it. It is already scaled correctly because both AutoCAD and VIZ are set to use architectural units.In the import options dialog box.03. 12. The floorplan will be inserted into the file as shown in figure 7. Select the floor plan named “layer=0” using the Select by Name tool.DWG. In the “files of type” pulldown change the file type to AutoCAD DWG (*. From the file pulldown menu select import. We will change this in the next steps by customizing the User Interface settings.FARNSWORTH HOUSE: EXERCISE 7 METHOD 1: BRINGING A CADD PLAN INTO VIZ. 7. In the display floater.02 Figure 7. 10. Figure 7.03 College of DuPage Architecture 2220: Architectural Modeling 2 . While the object remains visible. *.DXF) 6.02. and click ok.01 9. Search for and select the file “farnsworth-plan. 8. the default color is a grey color that is difficult to view. select display floater. verify that the settings appear as shown in figure 7. The default method of importing objects from CAD to VIZ is “by layer”. 5. 11. This is a full-scale 2d autoCAD floorplan of the Farnsworth house that we will use as a base to create our 3d model in VIZ. MODELING IN VIZ 4. From the tools pulldown menu. The object will remain visible so that we can use it as a guide. Note: the floor plan is recognized by VIZ as one object because it was created in AutoCAD on one layer. Figure 7.

In the command panel. Zoom in on the lower terrace and trace the outside line of the terrace as shown in figure 7.06. 16. Using the line tool again. 20. Change the name of the line shape to be “terrace-travertine” College of DuPage Architecture 2220: Architectural Modeling 3 . and change the RGB values to R=205.04 Figure 7. 24. select Customize User Interface. select create. and then select Freeze.FARNSWORTH HOUSE: EXERCISE 7 13. Activate the 2d snaps tool. The 2d snaps constrains the snap tool to only the Z=0 ground plane. 26. Change the name of the line shape to be “terrace-structure” 25. From the Customize pulldown.05. G=156. The floor plan is still frozen. Be sure to close the shape when creating the last point. 22. but now is displayed with a color that will be easier to view and work with. Change to the Colors tab. trace the inside rectangle shape of the terrace as shown in figure 7. Click on the color swatch. 18. 14. Then close the Customize User Interface dialog box by clicking on the X in the upper right corner. You may want to maximize this viewport for the next several steps. splines. 23. 21. B=141 as shown in figure 7. 15. You can also close the display floater. Select the maximize viewport toggle to restore the 4 default viewports. shapes. Under Elements. and select the line tool. select Geometry. Click the zoom extents all tool. 19. Activate the top viewport.04 17. Right click on the snaps tool and set the setting to vertex. Click apply colors now.

In the modify tab. Set the amount = 1’ 2” 30. 28. Right click the select and move tool to activate the move transform type in. Change the Z amount in the absolute:world to be Z = 1’ 10”. Select the object named “terrace-structure” 29. add an extrude modifier from the modifier list pulldown. Use the maximize viewport toggle to restore the 4 active viewports.FARNSWORTH HOUSE: EXERCISE 7 Figure 7.05: Create the shape terrace-structure Figure 7.06: Create the shape terrace-travertine 27. 31. College of DuPage Architecture 2220: Architectural Modeling 4 .

Select the object named terrace-travertine.FARNSWORTH HOUSE: EXERCISE 7 32. shapes. Repeat this process to create a second line shape tracing the inner shape of the house floor plate as shown in figure 7. Figure 7. Name it “house-structure” 40. splines. You model should look like figure 7. 39. 34. 33. Activate the 2d snaps tool. Name it “house-travertine” House-structure Figure 7.08. Maximize the top viewport and zoom to get a view similar to figure 7.08: Create the line shapes house-structure and house-travertine House-travertine College of DuPage Architecture 2220: Architectural Modeling 5 . Using the move transform type in move the object to a Z elevation of Z= 3’ 0” 35. and set the snaps to vertex in the grid and snap settings dialog box.08. We will repeat this same process to model the floor planes of the house.07. 38.08. 37. line). Using the line tool (create. apply an extrude modifier and set the amount = 1”.07 36. trace the outline of the house floor plate as shown in figure 7. Using the same procedure as before.

Select the house-travertine object. Your model should look like figure 7. zoom and pan your view until you can see the entire top of the roof shape you just created as shown in figure 7. 47. Figure 7. Use the select and move tool to shift-click and drag a copy of the housestructure object.10 College of DuPage Architecture 2220: Architectural Modeling 6 . 57. Use the move transform type in to set the elevation z = 5’ 4”. 43. Select copy in the clone options dialog box. Use the move transform type in to set the elevation z = 4’ 2”.10. In the perspective viewport. 50. 46. 52. 53. Use the modify tab to add an extrude modifier.09 51.FARNSWORTH HOUSE: EXERCISE 7 41. Activate the front viewport. Select the house-structure object. Set the amount = 1” 49. Use the maximize viewport toggle to restore the 4 active viewports. 48. 56. Set the amount = 1’ 2” 45. 54. Use the move transform type in to set the elevation z = 15’ 0”.09 Figure 7.Select the house-structure object. 42. 55. Use the modify tab to add an extrude modifier. And name the copy “house-roof”. 44. In the modify tab. change the extrude modifier amount = 1’ 6”.

69. In the clone options dialog box select copy. splines. The 3 roof objects should create a profile in the front viewport as shown in figure 7. Add an extrude modifier and set the amount = 4”. 60. In the modify tab.11 62. In the create tab. 59. 61. 73. Change the length = 78’ 2” and the width = 29’ 0”. and choose the rectangle tool. select the extrude modifier and change the amount = 2”. Use the select and move tool to shift-click and drag a copy of the roof-profile1 shape. Using the snaps. 68. Figure 7. Figure 7. 67. Use the move transform type in tool to set the elevation z = 16’ 10” 71. 66. In the modify tab.12 College of DuPage Architecture 2220: Architectural Modeling 7 . Name the object “roof-profile1” 63. 72.FARNSWORTH HOUSE: EXERCISE 7 58. 64. select the original rectangle shape to edit the rectangle parameters.12. Activate the front viewport. Activate the snap tool and select the 3d snap tool. In the modify tab. Verify that vertex is still selected in the grid and snap settings dialog box. change the length = 28’ 10” and the width = 78’ 0”. select shapes. 74.11. and name the object roof-profile2. Turn the snaps off. add a rectangle to the top of the roof element as shown in figure 7. 65.

Figure 7.FARNSWORTH HOUSE: EXERCISE 7 75. 76. import these shapes into VIZ. 81. Open Autocad 2006. 78. This plan of the farsnworth house is currently drawn only on the layer 0 in autocad. EXTRUDING THEM IN VIZ. You model should look like figure 7.13 Note: be sure to save your file often as yourname-farnsworth. and apply extrude modifiers to give the objects a height. 79.15. Name the group “roof”. Create a new layer called “column-terrace” and set its color to red. 77. Because VIZ translates each CAD layer into a separate object. Select all three roof objects and group them. Note: the columns shared with the house structure will be taller columns.max METHOD 2: DRAWING OBJECTS IN CAD. Set the “column-terrace” layer to the current layer 82. Copy the column shape to the 4 column locations shown in figure 7. 80. The second method of integrating autoCAD and VIZ is to draw closed polyline shapes in autoCAD. 83. we will create different layers in autocad for each group of items that we want to modify independently in VIZ.13.14.dwg from your student directory. Open the file farnsworth-plan. 8 College of DuPage Architecture 2220: Architectural Modeling . which means will need to put them on a different layer. Create a closed polyline shape using the PLINE command on one of the terrace columns as shown in figure 7.

14 Create the 4 terrace columns here Figure 7. .16 as a guide. • College of DuPage Architecture 2220: Architectural Modeling 9 . Trace closed polylines at all of the sill locations surrounding the house. 86.15 84.FARNSWORTH HOUSE: EXERCISE 7 Figure 7. Make this layer the current layer. • Create a layer called “mullion-sill” and set its color to yellow. You will need to create 3 more layers and do some more drawing work in autoCAD to complete this portion of the exercise. Trace closed polylines at all of the vertical mullion locations surrounding the house. Trace a closed polyline around one of the column supports for the house and copy it to all the 8 column locations that ring the main house structure. Create the following layers and use figure 7. • Create a layer called glass and set its color to green. Create a new layer named “column-house” and set its color to cyan. Draw single polyline objects at all glass locations surrounding the house. Create a layer called “mullion-vertical” and set its color to magenta. 85.

89. Search for and select the file “farnsworth-plan.17. In the import options dialog box.DXF) 91. save your cad file. 87. Click ok to import the file. In the “files of type” pulldown change the file type to AutoCAD DWG (*. select import. 93. Start Autodesk VIZ 2006 and open your Farnsworth model file. 90. as shown in figure 7.DWG. Select the “select from list” radio button and select only the new layers we just created in AutoCAD. When you have finished drawing all of the polylines in cad. 92. 88.dwg” that you just modified in CAD. Note: We only want to import the new layers we just created. We do not want to bring in layer 0 again.16 Note: You will need to create the shapes shown in figure 7. otherwise we would end up with a duplicate copy of the floorplan that we imported at the beginning of this exercise. From the file pulldown menu. *. select the layers tab. 94.FARNSWORTH HOUSE: EXERCISE 7 Create closed polylines at all vertical window mullion locations throughout Create closed polylines at all window sill locations throughout Create single polylines at all glass locations throughout Figure 7.16 at all of the locations they exist in the Farnsworth house plan. College of DuPage Architecture 2220: Architectural Modeling 10 .

17 Figure 7. 108. Save your file. Select the “column-terrace” object and apply an extrude modifier with an amount = 2’ 10”. and “mullion-vertical” objects.We now need to make a copy of the “mullion-sill” object to create the top horizontal mullion of the window. 109. Activate the front viewport. 103. 106.18.19. You model should look like figure 7. set the elevation z = 14’ 10”.18 101. Using the move transform type in. 110. In the front viewport shift-click and drag a copy upward. Figure 7. 107. Select the “mullion-sill” object and apply an extrude modifier with an amount = 2”. In the clone options dialog box select copy. move all three objects to en elevation z = 5’-4”.Your model should now look like figure 7. 111. Select the “mullion-sill” object. Using the move transform type in. “mullion-sill”. 112. Select the objects “glass”. 113.FARNSWORTH HOUSE: EXERCISE 7 95. (the select by name tool is an easy way to select all three at once) 102. Select the “column-house” object and apply an extrude modifier with an amount = 16’ 2” 100. College of DuPage Architecture 2220: Architectural Modeling 11 . Select the “mullion-vertical” object and apply an extrude modifier with an amount = 9’ 8” 104. Select the “glass” object and apply an extrude modifier with an amount = 9’ 8” 105. 96.

College of DuPage Architecture 2220: Architectural Modeling 12 .21. You model should now look like figure 7. This course does not cover 3d Autocad. You will see this object the most clearly in the wireframe viewports. however. A 3d model of the building core has been inserted into your model. if you already know how to create 3d objects in CAD. and “core-wood” as shown in figure 7. 117. select import. Another option for integrating AutoCAD and VIZ is to do the 3d modeling work in Autocad and import the file into VIZ.20. Locate and select the file farnsworth-core-3d. “core-travertine”. 116. 114. 115. select the three layers named “core-stainless”.dwg. For this portion of the exercise. Click ok.19 METHOD 3: IMPORTING A 3D CAD OBJECT INTO VIZ.FARNSWORTH HOUSE: EXERCISE 7 Figure 7. you may find this method helpful. In the layer tab of the import options dialog box. you will import a 3d cad file that has already been created for you. 118. From the file pulldown menu.

You may use any of the techniques we have covered thus far to complete the model.FARNSWORTH HOUSE: EXERCISE 7 Figure 7. importing objects from CAD.22.max College of DuPage Architecture 2220: Architectural Modeling 13 . modeling in VIZ.20 MODELING THE STAIRS The last portion of this 3d model that needs to be completed is the stairs. Use the following images and diagrams to help you accurately model the stairs. You may choose whatever method you feel is the most efficient for you.21 Figure 7. Save your completed file as yourname-farnsworth. Your finished model should look like figure 7. or doing the entire 3d model for the stairs in CAD. I chose to create the stairs in 3d AutoCAD first. For my example.

22 A glass material has been added to the glass object to improve visibility of the core College of DuPage Architecture 2220: Architectural Modeling 14 .FARNSWORTH HOUSE: EXERCISE 7 Figure 7.

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