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Introduction Secularism and its relevance to Pakistan Islam and its relevance to Pakistan Comparison How can Islam help Pakistan today? Conclusion Bibliography

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Pakistan- Islamic or Secular?

What is the destined state ideology of Pakistan? There has always been an argument about the question just asked. This argument has not been as widely debated about in the history of Pakistan as it is being today.

Secular state? Or did they want pure foundations of Islamic Socialism? There is infinite debate about this in the country and sometimes this debate is referred to as the ideological war being fought inside the country. People who support Secularism are blamed to be agents of foreign agencies, as the righteous majority of Pakistan believes that our elders wanted pure foundations of Islamic ways of living and governance in the country. But at the same time, some people who support Islamic Socialism and

Governance are blamed to be It has only recently caught the medias attention and every citizen of Pakistan wants to know the truth. The youth especially, which has been confused over the years about what their forefathers wanted, what this country was actually made for, and what is the vision. Did they want a a solid conclusion for this debate unless both ideologies and their relevance to Pakistan is understood. This is necessary to seek the light. radicals and extremists. However, such accusations usually come from foreign analysts. Why was this confusion created? There cannot be

Secularism and its relevance to Pakistan: The dictionary definition for the word secular in political terms is denoting attitudes, activities, or other things that have no religious or spiritual basis. In simple words, secular is something that has nothing to do with religion. In Urdu, this word is translated to la-deen. La meaning no, and deen translating to religion. Similarly, the definition for the word secularism is the view that religious precepts of secularism. Although the implementation of secularism hasnt actually brought any global peace, there still is a huge argument all around the world about the validity of this concept. The neighbor of Islamic Republic of Pakistan, India, is one of the largest secular democratic states. And at the same time, India is imploding with religious conflicts inside the country. According to Opinion Maker, there are an estimated 30 insurgency groups in the secular country, most of which are based on religious conflicts and discrimination; whereas there are other (reliable) reports of more than 80 insurgencies active in India.

considerations should be excluded from civil affairs or public

education. Secularism is a new and recent concept, compared to most other political concepts. The main purpose defined by the ambassadors of this concept is to eliminate the religious conflicts between people to create global peace. Today, the majority of the world is mentally oriented towards following the

Therefore this concept is not as dazzling as it seems, but nonetheless there are a massive number of humans who recognize and follow this system, even in Muslim law in Pakistan, and the Pro-Islamic mindsets of the majority of Pakistani people have caused discrimination of not only Non-Muslims, but even of the lower class in Pakistan that are apparently being treated very badly. The followers of secularism have also attacked the blasphemy law. The law that is criticized by almost all foreign communities, but still operational in Pakistan is the blasphemy law. The constitution of Pakistan states: Whoever willfully defiles, damages or desecrates a copy of the Holy Qur'an or of an This has not happened with such frequency before in Pakistan, and maybe that is the reason the youth hasnt been so confused before. The secularists believe that the rights of Non-Muslims in Pakistan are target of negligence. They also have faith in the judgment that the Islamic rule of extract therefrom or uses it in any derogatory manner or for any unlawful purpose shall be punishable imprisonment for life. Whoever by words, either spoken or written, or by visible representation or by any imputation, innuendo, or with

countries like Pakistan. There are a notable number of secular people, mostly in the media and such outlets, who have been publicizing that concept in Pakistan for a while now.

insinuation, directly or with the help of Pakistani

indirectly, defiles the sacred name of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) shall be punished with death, or imprisonment for life, and shall also be liable to fine. The Islamic Republic of Pakistan is known to have the strictest

secularists, it was delayed and is still pending in the Supreme Court of Pakistan. This case had been a huge argument in Pakistan, and two politicians were assassinated for opposing the blasphemy law

regarding Asia Bibi (one of whom was a Christian). Secular minded columnists and anchors took this case abroad with the help of their media outlets, and portrayed Asia Bibis story through her own eyes. Even Pope Benedict in Vatican issued a statement demanding release of Asia Bibi, which raged many Muslim scholars inside the country. The policy of no

blasphemy law among Muslim majority countries. This only gives a small idea of the religious

sentiments that reside in this ideological state. There have been a number of recent controversies regarding Pakistan, and the secular minded citizens have taken advantage of such events. In June 2009, Asia Bibi was arrested for being accused of blasphemy against the Holy Prophet (peace be upon him). She was sentenced to death by hanging in November 2010, but after the case reached media attention

compromise when it comes to blasphemy, and the unexplainable emotions and sentiments of the Pakistani Muslims attached to their Prophet (peace be upon him) have given liberals tough time in this country. The Asia Bibi

Salman Taseer case, followed by the assassination of ex-Governor of Punjab- Salman Taseer and former Minister of Minorities Affairs -Shahbaz Bhatti created a good scenario for liberal parties to proliferate their mindsets.

Pakistans name, Islamic Republic of Pakistan is discussed. Here is a passage from the book that explains this peculiar event: After the passing of 1962 constitution, I noticed something peculiar that in all the documents of the government, the word Islam was not written with the name of Pakistan. First, I thought that it might be an error in the drafting, but after some days I came to know that the error was repeated several times and it seemed more intentional than unintentional. I wrote a note to President Ayub Khan to allow me to write a letter to all the ministries about this frequent error. One evening, He came to me and told me that it is not an error but we have taken this decision with a general consensus. President Ayub Khan told me that the name of Pakistan will be Republic of Pakistan instead of Islamic Republic of Pakistan. If I had the courage, I would have asked him: Who are you to

Shahbaz Bhatti But Secularisms roots in Pakistan date back to the 1960s. In the book Shahabnama by Qudratullah Shahab, a significant event regarding

eliminate the word Islam from the name of Pakistan? However I came back home and wrote a two pages note, the summary of which is as following: Pakistan has no escape from Islam. The history of this country is very old but its geography is new. The Red-cliff line between Pakistan and India was drawn for the purpose that we acquired this piece of land on the name of Islam. If now Islam is erased from the name of Pakistan, the limitation of this line will have no meaning. We became Pakistan for the sole reason that we are Muslims. If Afghanistan, Iran, Egypt, Iraq and Turkey eliminate Islam from their lives, they would still retain their identity as Afghans, Iranian, Egyptian, Iraqi and Turks. But if we, Pakistanis, try to escape from Islam, Pakistan will not have any distinction of its own. Now, if Islam suits our luxurious life or not, Islam fits to our way of life or not, We personally follow Islam or not, the truth is that whether for the sake of saving our hereafter or for the worldly profit and selfishness, we are compelled to keep Pakistan and Islam parallel to each other for the sake of the long lasting of Pakistan. Due to the illiteracy of others, there is no need to go into the inferiority complex yourself. In addition to this note, I also wrote a resignation letter to resign if this note is not accepted. Next Day President Ayub came to me to tell me something, He sat in front of me and took that note from my hand and started reading it. After reading few sentences, his facial expressions changed suddenly and he started reading from the beginning again. Then he said slowly: Yes, Right You Are and repeated this sentence again, and hence the word Islam was added to the name of Pakistan. (Excerpt from the book Shahabnama).

Qudratullah Shahab This excerpt, apart from providing immense support for the Islamic ideology to be established in Pakistan, explains how the face of secularism was emerging in some people. The consensus had a majority of people who would considerably see Pakistan as

Republic of Pakistan rather than Islamic Republic of Pakistan.

Although, this is the same Field Marshal who is known to have lighted the spark of Islam among the people of Pakistan during his last months as President, him and his

cabinet were somewhat secular in the start. This is where secularism in Pakistan dates back to. The secularists in Pakistan have never been more powerful than they are today, and they are availing every inch of this opportunity to create more secular mindsets in Pakistan. It is a highly significant fact that secularism became more that such an open challenge, or rather offense to the recognized founding ideology of Pakistan had never been made on live TV before, this was considerably surprising for the public. Islam and Pakistan: There are only two ideological nations in the world, Israel and Pakistan. Israel is supposedly based on Jewish ideology, whereas

outspoken and blunt in Muslim states after 9/11, especially in Pakistan. Giving an example of their outspokenness, a popular liberal individual who has been working with human rights groups in Pakistan, Marvi Sermid, deliberately challenged the two-nation (coined by the visionary of Pakistan, Dr. Muhammad Iqbal himself) and stated Pakistan will God willing soon become a secular state. She gave this statement in Dr. Shahid Masoods TV program called

Pakistan was created in the name of Islam. The Islamic ideology has massively shaped Pakistans politics, social environment, military,

constitution and even its borders; the borders of Pakistan are based on Muslim majority states dating back to British India. Its visionary and national poet, Dr. Muhammad Iqbal (also known as Allama Iqbal) was one of the greatest Islamic

ideologists ever born in the Sub- Continent.

Shahidnama on Express TV. Noting

prescribed by Him as a sacred trust. 2. The State shall exercise its powers and authority through the chosen representatives of the people. 3. The principles of democracy, freedom, equality, tolerance and social justice, as enunciated by Islam, shall be fully observed. 4. Muslims shall be enabled to order their lives in the individual and collective spheres in accordance with the teachings of Islam as set out in the Holy Quran and Sunnah. 5. Adequate provision shall be made for the minorities to freely profess and practice their religions and develop their cultures. Allama Iqbal The proclaimed foundations of the constitution of Pakistan, The 6. Pakistan shall be a federation. 7. Fundamental rights shall be guaranteed. 8. Judiciary shall be independent. Such facts illuminate the Pakistani peoples immense bond with the ideology of Islam. In the TV program Yeh Ghazi, Mr. Zaid Hamid even said that Mohammad bin Qasim, the conqueror of Sindh in 712 AD (present day Pakistan), was the first Pakistani citizen. There are

Objectives Resolution, demands that the constitution of Pakistan must be based on the teachings of the Holy Quran and the Holy Prophet (peace be upon him). It was passed by Liaquat Ali Khan, the first Prime Minister of Pakistan and the right- hand man of Quaid e Azam himself. The resolution states: 1. Sovereignty belongs to Allah alone but He has delegated it to the State of Pakistan through its people for being exercised within the limits

numerous speeches of Quaid e Azam in which he talks about a perfect Islamic state, which shall make its


own system, to repair the damage that previous systems have done. In his last speech, at the occasion of opening ceremony of the State Bank of Pakistan, Mr. Jinnah said: I shall watch with keenness the work of your Research Organization in evolving banking practices compatible with Islamic ideas of social and economic life. The economic system of the West has created almost insoluble problems for humanity and to many of us it appears that only a miracle can save it from disaster that is not facing the world. It has failed to do justice between man and man and to eradicate friction from the international field. On the contrary, it was largely responsible for the two world wars in the last half century. The Western world, in spite of its advantages, of mechanization and industrial efficiency is today in a worse mess than ever before in history. The adoption of Western economic theory and practice will not help us in achieving our goal of creating a happy and contended people. We must work our destiny in our own way and present to the world an economic system based on true Islamic concept of equality of manhood and social justice. We will thereby be fulfilling our mission as Muslims and giving to humanity the message of peace which alone can save it and secure the welfare, happiness and prosperity of mankind. May the Sate Bank of Pakistan prosper and fulfill the high ideals which have been set as its goal Quaid e Azam at the inauguration of the State bank of Pakistan Islamic sentiments have always been traveling with Pakistan, its leaders and its people throughout its journey. Pakistans nuclear weapons are known as the Islamic Bomb, because of the nation being the only Muslim country to possess nuclear arms. Its struggle was based on independence of Muslims from the unjust rule of Hindus of that time. The slogan roared most frequently by millions of Muslims during the Pakistan movement was Pakistan ka matlab kya? La ilaha ilAllah, meaning What is the meaning of Pakistan? There is no God but Allah, and this motto still stirs the souls of Pakistanis today. Such enthusiasm


revolving around Islam clearly shows the connection of Pakistanis with their religion. Today, Pakistan is standing on the plains of a decision-making scenario. The youth is confused. There is a large secular part, which has been discussed already (pages 4-9), and similarly there is a number of Islamic idealists seeking to revive the ideology and poetry of Allama Iqbal and getting the youth to where, as they confirm, their forefathers wanted them to be. These warriors of media warfare have recently stepped up with the agenda to expose every single conspiracy against Pakistan, and to get the youth to study Iqbal and Islam again. Many of these warriors have been labeled conspiracy theorists. One of the interviewees for this Zaid Hamid His, along with many other pro- Islamic analysts argument is that Quaid e Azam and Allama Iqbal wanted Pakistan to be purely Islamic. They openly claim that Pakistan was created for a bigger purpose and greater reason;

Khilafat. The pro-Islamic ideologists of Pakistan have used the media and their powerful speeches, to motivate a vast fraction of the youth to work for an Islamic political system in Pakistan. On Mubasshar Luqmans show aired on Dunya TV in Pakistan, the leader (grandson of Khan of Qallat) of a separatist movement in Baluchistan was interviewed and was asked why

magazine, Mr. Zaid Hamid is one of the most renowned preachers of spiritual foundations of Pakistan.

they joined Pakistan in the first place, and why in such crucial times they are rebelling. His answer still makes one think about the depth of Pakistans connection with Islam. The grandson of Khan of Qallat said: I asked the same question to my father. And he said that his father, my grandfather, Khan of Qallat, was the leader of Baluchistan. Quad e Azam was his lawyer and he represented the Qallat State. During independence movement, Quaid e Azam offered my grandfather to join Pakistan. My grandfather was a bit reluctant. But one night, he saw a dream in which Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) ordered my grandfather to join the Muslim movement. That is why Baluchistan is with Pakistan today. This is just one of the many undeniable arguments presented by the pro-Islamic people of Pakistan. It would be rather offensive to not realize the enormous love for Islam, the Prophet (peace be upon him) and the Holy Quran that the majority of the Pakistani people have. This force - the ideology, is regarded as the most powerful force that resides in the hearts of the Pakistani people, especially the youth. It takes only one romantic speech to get this nation sacrificing itself in the name of Islam. The perfect example here would be the speech of Field Marshal Ayub Khan, in which he addressed the Pakistani nation, commanding them to destroy the invading forces of India during the commencement of the 1965 war. This speech drove the passionate people of Pakistan so mad, that there are hundreds of stories of the public participating itself in the war of 1965, and helping the soldiers in every possible way. The historic speech reads: My dear fellow countrymen, peace be upon you all. It is time to test the tolerance of 10 million Pakistanis. Early morning today, Indian army attacked the Pakistani city of Lahore. A passenger-carrying vehicle was destroyed during this cowardly attack, at Wazirabad station. Indian leaders have always scorned and disrespected the independence of Pakistan, and have condemned the free state for Muslims. India has been planning an assault on Pakistan for the last 18 years. The people of Pakistan, who have la ilaha ilAllah


Muhammad ur Rasool Allah (There is no God but Allah and Muhammad (peace be upon him) is his Prophet) residing in their heartbeats, will not be calm until the enemy is eliminated forever. The Indian leaders perhaps dont realize, what nation they have challenged. Our hearts are filled with faith and belief, and we know we are fighting for the right cause. The nation has been put on high alert today. The war has begun. Our gallant soldiers are on the frontline to destroy the enemy. Allah has given us a chance to show our might. My fellow countrymen, move forward and confront the enemy. May Allah be your protector and guardian. Ameen. ones are ready to die for the country, whether it be against India or any other hostile state. The secular ones focus on human rights issues, and the frustrated ones talk about joining back with India. Such confusion is very dangerous for Pakistan, and giving the state one proper ideology is a must. Even though, at the moment Islam is the state ideology, the country is called Islamic Republic of Pakistan and the majority of the Pakistanis are happy with it. However, the pro-Islamic Pakistanis believe that the actual Pakistan movement is yet to be completed. The completion, they suggest, will be done with the Field Marshal Ayub Khan It is very bizarre after one realizes that the youth of Pakistan today, has faced absolutely no challenges compared to their forefathers and at the same time, they are the most confused generation. The passionate 14 enforcement of an Islamic political system. This system will guarantee that there be no political parties, no banking system based on interest and a few other obligations; basically how Iran looks today. In a written interview, Ms. Syeda Qudsia

Mashhadi, a writer, assured that Pakistan was created to be an Islamic state. She said, Pakistan was definitely made to be an Islamic state. Our founding fathers wanted to establish it on Islamic system of life. She supported her answer with a large number of quotes of Quaid e Azam, in which it is made clear that Pakistan and Islam are on the same page. One of Quaid e Azams quotes cited by Ms. Mashhadi was, Pakistan not only means freedom and independence, but also the Muslim Ideology that has to be preserved that has come to us as a precious gift and treasure. Quaid-e- Azam, Chittagong, March, 1948. It is also claimed by pro-Islamic ideologists that there are hundreds of other speeches of Quaid e Azam in which he specifically declares that Pakistan will be based on nothing but Islamic socialism. As mentioned before, this is the most decisive era for Pakistan and the youth will play a crucial part. Therefore, it is necessary for the youths mindsets to be mobilized under one ideology. The Secular-Islamic differences have created an ideological civil war in Pakistan, and there is no doubt that it is of high intensity. Again quoting Mr. Zaid Hamid, a pro-Islamic analyst and ideologist, in the show Shahidnama, Whoever tries to mingle with the spiritual dimensions of Pakistan, and challenges the Islamic values here- we will fight them like we fight our enemies. It is understandable, and is

recognized by most Pakistanis, that Islam was the reason Pakistan was created. However, with the

expeditious spread of globalism in the past decades, Pakistani youth has now been introduced to Secularism as well. Even if one agrees that Quaid e Azam wanted a secular Pakistan, the history of Pakistan shows that the public has cared about nothing but the Quran


and Sunnah. The destined ideology for Pakistanis must be recognized and implemented, whether it be Islam or Secularism. Comparison: In the midst of confusion, if one compares the argument of both Islamic and Secular idealists, and understands both concepts, the pathway to reality becomes quite clear. The secular argument focuses more on the personality and appearance of Quaid e Azam. If their argument is probed, the most significant point is the following quote of Quaid e Azam: You may belong to any religion or caste or creed, that has nothing to do with the business of the state There is also one more speech of Quaid e Azam in which he talks about Hindus seizing to be Hindus and Muslims seizing to be Muslims, but not in a religious sense, rather in political sense. Other than these two Quaid e Azams Western appearence But it is to be noted, that Allama Iqbal, the greatest Pan-Islamic philosopher of the same time was educated in the West, he spoke exceptionally fluent English, he usually wore western suits as well, but at the same time he called for the rule of the Quran. So it would not be analytically convincing to label quotes, secularists focus on Quaid e Azams personality. He was educated in England, his English was much better than Urdu, he wore an English suit, and things as such.


Quaid e Azam secular because of his appearance or seeming way of living. Some Pakistani liberals even go to the extent of saying that Quaid e Azam created Pakistan so that his party could get seats in a parliament, or Quaid e Azam never wanted Pakistan, it was rather a mistake of the situation. It would be extremely offensive to the five million Muslims who gave their lives for Pakistan, when we say that Pakistan and the two-nation theory is not valid anymore. Even if one does not agree with the pro-Islamic argument and focuses on unbiased research, it is counted, specifically according to the research of Mr. Ayub Baig Mirza, that Quaid e Azam gave 115 speeches in which he perceived Pakistan as an Islamic State; out of which, 101 are prior to independence and 14 are post- independence. In many other that every movement has an ideological visionary, foundation and for and its


movement, Islam is the ideology and Allama Iqbal is the visionary. Pro- Islamic analysts have also

concluded, that Quaid e Azams speech of 11th August, which is widely rejoiced by secularists, was actually given by him to reassure Non-Muslim Pakistanis of their rights and place in the society, and it did not mean to label Pakistan as a secular nation. The famous excerpt from 11th August address is as follows: We are all citizens and equal citizens of one state. Now I think we should keep that in front of us as our ideal, and you will find that in course of time Hindus would cease to be Hindus and Muslims would cease to be Muslims, not in the religious sense, because that is the personal faith of each individual, but in the political sense as citizens of the State. After this speech was given, secularists spread the word that Quaid e Azam wants Pakistan to be a

addresses, Quaid e Azam clarified


secular state. Factually, since then all of this confusion had started. But to clarify the matter, Quaid e Azam himself said on 25th January 1948 that I could not understand the section of the people that deliberately wanted to spread mischief and propaganda that the constitution of Pakistan would not be made on the basis of Shariah. that was to be implemented in Pakistan, and this is ascertained by the speech of Quaid e Azam in 25th January 1948, in which he clarifies what system Pakistan will run on. There is a copious amount of quotes of Quaid e Azam that elucidate the fact that Pakistan was created for Muslims to live their life in accordance to Islamic principles, morals and ethics. Not only this, but also create their own system of governance, in the light of Quran, so that the world has something different to follow other than the Quaid e Azam offering prayers This quote folds and dumps the confusion in the bin. Pro-Islamic writers and columnists have debated that Quaid e Azams speech of 11th August was actually meant to relieve the anxiety of the minorities residing in Pakistan caused by the religious conflicts in the sub-continent. It was not meant to describe the system 18 systems of the West, which have ruined the economic circumstances of the world (as clarified by Quaid e Azam in his last speech). During his address to the Usmania University, Deccan India, Quaid e Azam was asked what an Islamic republic is. He defined it in the following terms: In Islam, ultimate obedience belongs to God alone. The only way to follow this guidance is through

the Holy Quran. Islam does not preach obedience to a king, parliament, person or institution. The Islamic Govt. means rule of the Quran. And how can you establish the rule of the Quran without an independent state? Quaid-e-Azam, address to the students of the Usmania University, Deccan, India, August, 1941. Two things that are illuminated by this answer would either anger the secular elements of Pakistan, or convince them to accept Pakistan as an Islamic state. One, that this quote reflects the fact that Quaid e Azam, at an individual level, was neither secular minded, nor unaware of Islamic teachings. translated to in English, wanted the rule of Quran to be established in Pakistan; and through this it becomes lucid that the struggle for Pakistan is still an abandoned mission, which can only be really created. How can you establish the rule of Quran without an independent state?. The Great Leader, as Quaid e Azam would be scholar would perceive it to be, and his knowledge upon it shows that Quaid e Azam was actually a knowledgeable Muslim, if not a saint. And the second message given by this quote, through the last sentence, teaches exactly why Pakistan was

completed after the laws of Quran and Sunnah are implemented.

Rather surprising is the fact that some groups find it odd when Quran Quaid e Azam His description of an Islamic state is no different than what any Islamic being implemented in Pakistan is talked about, whereas (as mentioned before on page 10) The Objectives Resolution, the foundation of


Pakistans constitution, states that no law will be enforced that contradicts to the teachings of Quran. Plenty of other speeches of Quaid e Azam indicate towards an Islamic system. A few of them are as follows, Pakistan not only means freedom and independence, but also the Muslim Ideology that has to be preserved that has come to us as a precious gift and treasure. Quaid-e- Azam, Chittagong, March, 1948. Come forward as servants of Islam, organize the people economically, socially, educationally and politically and I am sure that you will be a power that will be accepted by everybody. Quaid-e-Azam, Presidential Address at the All India Muslim League, Lahore March 23, 1940. You have to stand guard over the development and maintenance of Islamic democracy, Islamic social justice and the equality of manhood in your own native soil. With faith, discipline and selfless devotion to duty, there is nothing worthwhile that you cannot achieve. Quaid-e- Azam, address to the officers and men of the 5th Heavy and 6th Light Regiments in Malir, Karachi, February 21, 1948. You are only voicing my sentiments, and the sentiments of millions of Musalmans (Muslims) when you say that Pakistan should be based on pure foundations of social justice and Islamic Socialism, not other isms Quaid e Azam, March 1948, Chittagong. We should have a State in which we could live and breathe as free men and which we could develop according to our own lights and culture and where principles of Islamic social justice could find free play. Quaid-e-Azam, address to Civil, Naval, Military and Air Force Officers of Pakistan Government, Karachi, October 11, 1947. These quotes give an idea about the thought process of Quaid e Azam while leading the independence movement, and also confirm that the destined state ideology of Pakistan was always meant to be Islam. In actuality, Quaid e Azam himself called people who support

secularism in Pakistan mischievous and propagandists (referring to his address on 25th January 1948). Another argument that is presented by the liberal analysts of Pakistan is that Allama Iqbal had absolutely no role in the creation of Pakistan, mainly because he died before the passing of Pakistan Resolution, also


known as Lahore Resolution. This again, is an insult to history. Keeping aside the fact that almost every Pakistani recognizes Iqbals vital role in the creation of Pakistan, it is still necessary to clear the mystery. After the Pakistan Resolution was passed and was presented in Minto Park, Quaid e Azam visited Allama Iqbals shrine with one of the members of the Pakistan movement, and stated that if Iqbal was here, he would be very happy to see that I have done what was ordained to me. page 17, Quaid e Azam had called Iqbal the visionary behind the movement for Pakistan. The greatest reason, why some people dont like it when Iqbal is associated with the creation of Pakistan, is that Iqbal was a Pan-Islamist. This is not only portrayed through his extraordinary poetic dimension, but also in his written letters to Quaid e Azam regarding Pakistan. Some of the letters include, The Congress President has denied the political existence of Muslims in no unmistakable terms. The other Hindu political body, i.e., the Mahasabha, whom I regard as the real representative of the masses of the Hindus, has declared more than once that a united Hindu-Muslim nation is impossible in India. In these circumstances it is obvious that the only way to a peaceful India is redistribution of the country on the lines of racial, religious and linguistic affinities. Iqbal to Quaid, June 1937. To my mind the new constitution with its ides of a single Indian federation is completely hopeless. A separate federation of Muslim provinces reformed on the lines I have suggested above, is the only course by which we can secure a peaceful India and save Muslims from the domination of non-

Allama Iqbal with Muslim leaders This highlights the importance of Allama Iqbal in the creation of Pakistan. Also, as pointed out on


Muslims. Why should not the Muslims of North-West India and Bengal be considered as nation entitled to Self-determination just as other nation as in India and outside India are? Iqbal to Quaid, June 1937. Happily there is a solution in the enforcement of the Law of Islam and its further development in the light of modern ideas. After a long and careful study of Islamic Law I have come to the conclusion that if this system of Law is properly understood and applied, at last the right to subsistence is secured to everybody. But the enforcement and development of the Shariat of Islam is impossible in this country without a free Muslim state or states. Iqbals letter to Quaid, 28th May, 1937. The Palestine question is very much agitating the minds of the Muslims. I have no doubt that the League will pass a strong resolution on this question and also by holding a private conference of the leaders. Personally I would not mind going to jail on an issue which affects both Islam and India. The formation of a Western base on the very gates of the East is a menace to both. Iqbal to Quaid, 1937. Not only do the letters reveal Allama Iqbals Pan-Islamism, they also uncover the fact that Allama Iqbal had a critical role in forming the vision, strategy, purpose and and the Muslims of India at large for the mission of Pakistan. We can see in the last letter mentioned above, that Pakistans foreign policy

towards Palestine and Israel is the product of it. Quaid e Azam, before the Pakistan resolution passed, declared numerous times that the Muslims of India did not honor Britains pro Jewish attitude and its betrayal towards the Arabs.

Quaid e Azam with Global Muslim leaders Quaid e Azam also declared that the Muslims, not only of India but also of all the world will rise in rage against the state of Israel and will perceive Britain as an enemy of Islam. He even went to the extent to call Israel

motivation for the Muslim League,


and illegal child of the West. It should be noted here that this is not some fiery lecturer, this is Quaid e Azam himself. The support for the Palestinian cause was built in Pakistanis through this letter of Iqbal, which described Pakistans foreign policy, even before its resolution was passed. This shows just a little image of what the importance of Iqbal was in the creation of Pakistan, and it is not to be neglected that the creation of Pakistan was only one big step that had to be achieved; the real completion of this mission would be the implementation of Quran, as ordered by Quaid e Azam and Allama Iqbal themselves. How can Islam help Pakistan today? When Quaid e Azam, and the hundreds of millions of Muslims in the Sub Continent called for an Islamic state of Pakistan, they did not mean Mullahism (which is usually what the West perceives an Islamic system to be). Quaid e Azam described this case very well when he stated during his address to a US radio station that Pakistan will not be a theocracy (ruled by priests). The aim was to implement the real essence of Islam, and the wisdom of Quran and Sunnah, through which Pakistan would grow as an Islamic welfare state and serve humanity. According to Mr. Haji Mohammad Saif Ullah Khan, ex federal minister and leader of opposition National Assembly Pakistan, if The Objectives Resolution appropriately were and enforced thoroughly,

Pakistan would not have been in this situation, where feudal and capitalist lords are ruling it. The rich are getting richer and the poor is getting poorer. Mr. Saif Ullah Khan also blamed corrupt leaders that have polluted Pakistans politics


throughout its history, and advised to practically implement The Whether it is about the offensive festival of drawing the Prophet (peace be upon him) or burning the Holy Quran, Pakistani Muslims are always seen in the front row demanding a halt to the profane acts. These people have witnessed and tried every system of the time; dictatorship, democracy, socialism, and if one analyzes bluntly, each one of them has failed to satisfy the Pakistani public. None of them have provided social justice and none of them have fulfilled the requirements that the forefathers had set. Today, Pakistan is practically neither an Islamic state, nor a secular state. It is rather a feudal state, which is being ruled by landlords and corrupt capitalists sitting in power to gain more and more for themselves. Similarly, Ms. Syeda Qudsia

Objectives Resolution to create the real Islamic Pakistan as demanded by the Muslims of Sub Continent under the leadership of Quaid e Azam. He believes that Islam can help the situation in Pakistan today, because its creation was based on the name of Islam. It is noticeable that the majority of the Pakistani people are conservative minded, not in an extremist sense, but in a moral sense. Any event, whether on the global level or inside Pakistan, which involves blasphemy or ignorance towards Muslims, is protested the most in Pakistan.

Mashhadi has explained that Islam is not only the solution for Pakistan; it Pakistanis protesting against Israel is the solution for the whole world.


She supports this statement with the quote of Quaid e Azam (page 20) in which he states that Pakistan does not need any other isms, it just needs the Islamic system of facing today are because they have not focused on creating their own systems of governance, but rather borrowed systems from the West and East which in the end weakened the unity and strength of the Muslims in most aspects of global competition. Therefore, as Quaid e Azam said in his last speech (page 11), Pakistanis must create their own destiny, and come up with new and revolutionary systems of

governance. She also mentioned Islamic caliphate, and explicated that an Islamic caliphate or a modern model based on it would be a good solution for the problems in Pakistan. If we look at Muslim history, only one social and economical system has worked for Muslims, and that is the rule of the Quran, or as it is called, Shariah. Even though the political system has been modified over the years and Muslims have seen a lot of monarchies, the social environment and economy of the Muslim civilizations have only been stable with the fundamental

governance, military, economy and social justice in the light of the Holy Quran. Islam is a religion where sovereignty and supremacy belongs to Allah alone, not any dictator or parliament. Islam endows love to humanity and respect to all religions and equal rights for minorities as for Muslims. This was the message of the forefathers of Pakistan, and now is the duty of its youth. Not only will this require will and determination, but also knowledge and loyalty to

principles of Islam. And it is evident that all the problems that not only Pakistanis, but Muslims at large are


the religion for which they will have to reject other incompetent systems of the world, and from which the Pakistanis will take guidance to create new systems of equality and justice. Conclusion: Playing with history and altering its course for ones personal favor can lead to centuries of humiliation for the nation. A small compromise can lead to years of slavery, and a dignified stand at the right time can welcome prosperity. Pakistanis must realize that it would be cruel to Quaid e Azam himself, if we perceive that knowledgeable Muslim as a secular leader who only created Pakistan and martyred 5 million people so that his party can get a parliament to lead. Pakistan has not been able to achieve its potential and its purpose because it has forgotten Allama Iqbal. Pakistanis have forgotten why Liaquat Ali Khan, first Prime-minister of Pakistan, who passed The Objectives Resolution they created this nation, and what price they had to pay for it. It would be brutal to forget the cost that the forefathers of this nation paid to create it, and Pakistanis must now look forward to generating new systems of social justice, uniting the Muslim world and serving humanity in the light of Quran, as ordained by Quaid e Azam and Allama Iqbal.


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