Subject: BOTANY I. INTRODUCTION: 1.1 Origin, development and scope of Botany 1.2. Classification of plant kingdom 1.3. Branches of Botany: Morphology, Cytology, Embryology, Palynology, Taxonomy, Physiology, Ecology, Palaeobotany, Genetics, Phytogeography, Phycology, Mycology, Lichenology, Bryology, Pteriodology, Microbiology, Bacteriology, Virology 1.4. Parts of angiospermic plant II) EXTERNAL MORPHOLOGY: a)Vegetative morphology: 2.1) Root: Root system; Types, Functions, Modification of roots (Velamen roots, Photosynthetic roots, Respiratory roots, Parasitic roots, Storage roots and nodular roots). 2.2) Stem: characteristics and functions of the stem; Modifications of stem: Aerial: Tendril, Thorn, Hook, Phylloclade, Tuberous stem and Bulbil; Sub-aerial: Runner, Stolon, Sucker & Offset, Underground: Rhizome, Corm, Stem tuber & Bulb 2.3) Leaf: Parts of Leaf, Types and Functions of leaves, Venation, Phyllotaxy, Leaf modifications: - tendrils, spines, scale leaves, phyllode, reproductive & trap leaves. (b) Reproductive morphology: 2.4) Inflorescence: Introduction, Types of Inflorescence - Racemose, Cymose and Special Types 2.5) Flower: Parts of a typical flower: Structure, Sex distribution and symmetry of flower, position of gynoecium. Detailed description of flower: Perianth, Calyx, Corolla, aestivation, Androecium – Parts, fixation and dehiscence of anther, length of stamens, union of stamens, Gynoecium – number of carpels, fusion of carpels, ovary – number of locules , placentation, types of styles, stigma III) REPRODUCTION IN ANGIOSPERMS: 3.1) Introduction – Sporophytic and Gametophytic stages 3.2) Structure of Anther; Microsporogenesis, Structure of a pollen grain and development of male gametophyte 3.3) Ovule – Structure and Types; megasporogenesis - development and structure of embryosac 3.4) Pollination: Types of pollination, self and cross-pollination, contrivances for cross pollination and self pollination, agents of cross pollination. 3.5) Fertilization – Process, Post - fertilization changes; Seed structure (Dicot & Monocot) and seed germination (epigeal, hypogeal & vivipary) 3.6) Fruits: Classification; False fruits and true fruits - Simple fruits (fleshy fruits – berry, pome, pepo, hesperidium, drupe; Dry fruits – dehiscent- legume, septicidal capsule, septifragal capsule, loculicidal capsule; Indehiscent fruits – caryopsis, cypsela, nut; schizocarpic – lomentum, schizocarp); Aggregate and Multiple fruits IV) PLANT TAXONOMY: 4.1) Introduction – Alpha and Omega taxonomy; Aspects of taxonomy – Identification – Flora, herbaria, botanical gardens (RBG – Kew, IBG – Kolkata, NBG – Lucknow); Nomenclature, Classification – Types, Units and a brief account of Bentham & Hooker’s system. Study of the following families: 4.2) Malvaceae 4.3) Fabaceae 4.4) Solanaceae 4.5) Liliaceae V) CELL BIOLOGY: 5.1) Introduction, Techniques of Cell Biology – microscopy (light, electron, fluorescent, phase contrast, SEM, TEM – only uses), Separation techniques (centrifugation, electrophoresis) 5.2) Ultrastructure of plant cell (Eukaryotic cell - Structure of cell wall and cell membrane, Protoplasm, cytoplasm, Plastids, mitochondria, endoplasmic reticulum, ribosomes, golgi complex, lysosomes, peroxisomes and glyoxysomes, vacuoles and Nucleus). 5.3) Chromosomes - Introduction, structure (light microscopic study), classification, functions and nucleosome model 5.4) Nucleic acids 5.5) Cell Division : Cell Cycle, Mitosis and Meiosis VI) INTERNAL ORGANIZATION OF PLANTS: 6.1) Tissues – Types (Meristematic and Permanent ) structure and functions. 6.2) Internal structure of Dicot root (Primary) and Monocot root. 6.3) Internal structure of Dicot stem (Primary) and Monocot stem. 6.4) Internal structure of leaf (Dicot and Monocot) 6.5) Secondary growth in dicot stem. VII) PLANT ECOLOGY: 7.1) Introduction 7.2) Plant communities – Hydrophytes, Mesophytes and Xerophytes; Ecological adaptations (Morphological & Anatomical) of Hydrophytes and Xerophytes. VIII) GENETICS: 8.1) Introduction 8.2) Mendel’s Principles – Monohybrid and Dihybrid cross, Back cross and Test cross, Concept of probability in relation to Genetics. 8.3) Linkage and crossing over. 8.4) Mutations. IX. PLANT KINGDOM: 9.1) Introduction 9.2) Spirogyra – distribution and habitat, thallus structure, cell structure, reproduction– vegetative, asexual, sexual, life cycle 9.3) Rhizopus – distribution and habitat, structure of mycelium and hypha, reproduction – vegetative, asexual, sexual, life cycle, sexuality in Rhizopus. 9.4) Funaria: distribution and habitat, external morphology of the gametophore, anatomy of the stem, reproduction – vegetative and sexual, sporophyte, protonema, life cycle. 9.5) Pteris: distribution and habitat, Morphology of the sporophyte, anatomy of the Rhizome, vegetative, asexual and sexual reproduction, Embryo, life cycle. 9.6) Cycas: distribution and habitat, Morphology of the sporophyte, anatomy of the coralloid root and leaflet, Reproduction, Embryo, Seed, life cycle. X. MICROBIOLOGY: 10.1) Introduction and importance of microbiology. 10.2) Bacteria – Discovery, Distribution, sizes, shapes, Gram staining (in brief), structure of cell, nutrition, reproduction –asexual (binary fission), sexual – Conjugation (F+ and F- only), transformation and transduction (only definition, discoverer and example for transformation and transduction), economic importance – beneficial (Agriculture, Industry, Medicine, Biotechnology), harmful (spoilage of food, plants, human and animal diseases). 10.3) Viruses – historical account, types, structure (TMV and T4 details), general account of sizes, shapes, replication (Lytic and Lysogenic cycles). Plant diseases caused by viruses, transmission of viruses and control of viral diseases. XI. PLANT PHYSIOLOGY : 11.1) Introduction A. WATER RELATIONS OF PLANTS: 11.2) Absorption of water – Introduction, soil water, water potential, Diffusion, Imbibition, Osmosis, Plasmolysis, Mechanism of absorption of water. 11.3)Ascent of Sap: Definition, Cohesion – Tension theory 11.4) Transpiration : Definition, SPAC and types of transpiration, mechanism of stomatal movement, factors, significance, Antitranspirants. B. NUTRITION IN PLANTS : 11.5) Introduction, types of nutrition (symbiosis, parasitism, chemotrophism, autotrophism)’ 11.6) Mineral nutrition – Introduction, soil as source, criteria of essentiality, importance of macro and micro elements, ion absorption – passive and active (carrier concept), Biofertilizers. C. METABOLISM : 11.7) Enzymes – introduction, properties, IUB classification, mechanism of enzyme action (lock & key theory),enzyme inhibition 11.8) Photosynthesis - Definition, pigments, structural organization of chloroplast, Mechanism of Photosynthesis – Light reactions - Hill reaction, Emerson’s Enhancement Effect, PSI and PSII, electron transport and proton translocation, photophosphorylation, Carbon assimilation -C3 , C4 pathways, Factors, Photorespiration, Blackman’s law. 11.9) Respiration – definition, Types, Mechanism of aerobic and anaerobic respiration, Alcoholic fermentation, Respiratory quotient (R.Q). 11.10) Nitrogen metabolism: Nitrogen cycle, Biological nitrogen fixation (Symbiotic, Non- symbiotic); Genetic code, Biosynthesis of Proteins. 11.11) Plant growth & its regulators: Growth curve; introduction to growth regulators, physiological effects and applications-Auxins, Gibberellins, Cytokinins, Abscisic acid and Ethylene; Photoperiodism and Vernalization. XII. PLANTS AND HUMAN WELFARE: 12.1) Crop improvement – Introduction , aims and objectives of plant breeding; methods – definition, methodology, advantages and achievements of Introduction, Selection (Mass, Pureline, Clonal),

Blood Clotting.2) Introduction. population ecology – Population density. Rabbit – Functional Anatomy-I (Digestive System. Subject: ZOOLOGY I. Reproduction in Protozoa. III. flagella) giving examples. Amphibia : General characters. life cycle pathogenecity. Excretory Organs.Chelonia. Nematoda – general characters and classification. XII.6) Mushroom Cultivation:Morphology and types of mushrooms. Mutation breeding and Polyploidy breeding. pseudocoelomates and eucoelomates. Structure of heart. Ultra Structure of Muscle fibre. Process of Digestion. stink glands. Squamata and Crocodilia with typical examples. conservation of biodiversity and wild life conservation. Phylum : Arthropoda : (1) Arthropoda – Introduction – Evolutionary characters of Arthropoda. Food value. Phylum Annelida : Pheritema posthuma – (1) Introduction. Identification of poisonous and non poisonous snakes. Cnidaria – general characters and classification. Arterial system.Recombinant DNA Technology. Outline classification of Chordata. need for classification. Zoology – The Basics : Nature and scope of Zoology. sliding filament theory. Annelida – general characters and classification. Definition. Heterosis. coelom. Symbiosis. connective tissue proper. relationship between zoology and other sciences. Symmetry – types and characteristic features of each symmetry with examples i. Classification with examples. Animal Tissues (brief account) epithelial tissues. Scope and applications of Biotechnology 12. Parasitism. fluid tissue. Classification with examples. Rabbit-Functional Anatomy-II (Musclo-Skeletal System. Phylum – Chordata : (1) Characteristics of Chordata. X. cocoon formation & development. locomotion. Biradial symmetry Bilateral symmetry. (2) Cockroach. food web. structure of ommatidium. Nutrition & Digestion. Animal Associations : Definition and examples of Mutualism. (3) Mammalia : Distinctive features of Prototheria. Locomotion in Protozoans – amoeboid movement. applications of Genetic Engineering 12.General Characters. Reproductive system: Male Reproductive system. prevention). Man & Biosphere : (1) Elementary aspects of ecosystem. triploblastic organization. Pheretima (3) digestive system. V. temperature. ecological pyramids. Echinodermata – general characters and classification. Reproductive System) : Musculo Skeletal System. Classification. Endoskeleton. Mechanism of breathing and transport of gases. species concept. Metatheria & Eutheria with examples. longitudinal binary fission in Euglena (ii) Sexual reproduction in Protozoa Conjugation in Vorticella and its significance. Function of heart. muscular tissue and nervous tissue. water and their biological effects on organisms. Theories of origin of Chordata.5) Single cell protein 12. outline classification of the kingdom animalia. coelom. differences between Ratitae and carinatae with typical examples. supporting tissue. (4) Economic importance of insects (i) useful insects (ii) harmful insects. Mollusca – general characters and classification. The structure of a generalized animal cell (brief account only). (8) copulation. diseases and preventive measures of the following parasites (1) Entamoeba histolytica (structure. Placenta. External characters – structure and arrangement of setae. fertilization Life-cycle-Pathogenecity and prevention) (4) Wuchereria bancrofti (structure. (3) Biodiversity. IV. basic principles of classification. Biotechnology: 12. locomotory organelles in Protozoans (pseudopodia. Arthropoda – general characters and classification. Classification .e. Digestive Glands. Cockroach – Digestive system. poison apparatus. Commensalism.light. (4) Circulatory System. Genetically Modified Crops. prevention). (2) Aves: Distinctive features. Porifera – general characters & classification. Reptilia – Aves & Mammalia : (1) Reptilia: General Characters. Excretory System. Platyhelminthes – general characters and classification. Gestation period. Copulation. VII. Micturition. food chains. consumers and decomposers. Asymmetry. 2 . Structure of nephron in mammals. life cycle pathogenecity. (5) Excretory system. Definition of Coelome. Fertilization and Development.AM Hybridization. prevention). Nutritional requirements in relation to balanced diet. (3) Mouth parts of insects. XI. Venous System. toxicity of snake venom and treatment of snake bite including first aid. VI. (2) Digestive System. Sol-gel theory. General characters and classifications Invertebrate Phyla (upto the level of classes) : Protozoa-general characters and brief account of classification. Female Reproductive system. Alimentary Canal. Nervous system. Periplaneta americana – external features. Biosafety issues. VIII. Types of Reproduction (i) Asexual reproduction types – Transverse binary fission in paramecium. organs in mature proglottid. Animal Organization : Introduction. Excretory System. fat bodies. Biotic factors: producers. economic importance. Abiotic factors . (2) General features of Sub-phylum Urochordata & Sub-phylum Cephalochordata. Locomotion and Reproduction in Protozoa : Locomotion – Introduction. different genera. life cycle. nomenclature. pathogenecity. II. Elementary idea of Axial skeleton and appendicular skeleton: Types of Joints. species. definitions and examples of acoelomates. Pheritema : (4) Blood vascular system. wall of alimentary canal and locomotion. Multicellularity Diploblastic. Respiratory system. (6) Nervous system and receptor organs (7) Reproductive system. life cycles. growth and growth curves.3) Genetic Engineering . IX. Areas of study under zoology. Structure. 12. Role of Vitamins and Mineral in Nutrition. Effective & Recovery strokes. Lake as an example of fresh water ecosystem. Transgenic plants. Regeneration. Rhynocephalia. Housefly. Ancestry of Chordates.4) Tissue Culture – techniques and Applications. (3) Taenia solium (External characters body wall. (2) Plasmodium vivax (structure. body wall. habit & habitat. importance. Respiratory system. sense organs. cockroach. (3) Respiratory system. cilia. Mosquito. levels of classification or systematic hierarchy. (2) Functional aspects of ecosystem. (2) body wall. Respiratory System & Circulatory System) : (1) Classification and External characters of Rabbit. Radial Symmetry. Formation and Composition of Urine. (3) Subphylum Vertebrata : Pisces . Ciliary and Flagellar movements synchronal and metachronal movements in Paramecium. cultivation of white button mushrooms. Butterfly.

Newton’s laws of motion. time of descent. X-linked characters. environmental errors (errors due to external causes). product of two vectors. null vector. equations for uniformly accelerated motion (graphical treatment). maximum height. Central. X-Y linked characters. Hormonal control of sex determination. acceleration due to gravity. Poultry diseases. Multiple and submultiples of SI units. division. Genetic load. Sexual selection. Law of conservation of energy in case of freely falling body and vertically projected body. Sex determination in Drosophila. conservation of linear momentum during collision.A. properties of vector product of two vectors. IV. definition and derivation for both. K. (3) Basic concepts of animal breeding. Equations of motion of an object vertically projected upwards from the ground. Immunology) : Nervous System. Multiplication of vector with a scalar. Cranial and Spinal nerves and their functions. velocity of projection at any instant. Endocrine System: Endocrine glands and Role of Hormones. unit vector in Cartesian co-ordinate system. application to relative motion of a boat in a river. Progeny Test. Dimensional formulae and dimensional equations. work. Electro Encephalography (EEG). Natural Selection (Darwinism). Mutation theory of evolution. equation of trajectory. Endocrine Glands and their role in Human beings. Mechanism of Humoral and cell mediated Immunities. Transgenic animals. precision of measuring instruments. horizontal projection from the top of a tower. Genetic Materials. Cloning. Genome and Human genome project. Effects of environment on sex determination. blocks placed in contact with each other on frictionless horizontal surface. velocity of the projectile (at any instant). Accuracy. Gene expression in eukaryotes. equations of motion of a freely falling body. two angles of projection for the same range. Artificial selection. II. D. V. Monoclonal anti bodies. Mean absolute errors. Objects suspended by strings. Sex linked characters in human beings. multiplication. (2) Poultry : Introduction to Poultry. energy.units and Dimensions. Co-efficient of restitution. Interferons. Heterogametic sex determination. polygon law of addition of vectors. Organic Evolution : Evolutionary concepts and origin of life. concept of relative velocity. XIV. Definitions of Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI). velocity-time and position-time graphs. position vector and its magnitude. velocity of the body on returning to the point of projection. properties of scalar product. Genetic Drift. Electro Cardiography (ECG). Special cases. ABO Blood groups. Vaccines. 3 . Absolute Errors. stem cells. bodies moving in same direction and opposite directions. powers of observed quantities. (5) Bio medical technology : X-ray radiography. Principle of homogeneity of dimensions. (3) Biotechnology : Recombinant DNA technology. (4) Cell cycle and its regulation. conservative and non-conservative forces. Heterosis. (2) Gene Expression and regulation. Resolution of a vector into components.N. Transplantation. Rh antigens. Random errors. addition of vectors. Projectiles – oblique projection from ground. Peripheral and autonomous nervous systems. to check correctness of an equation. Gross Errors. Antigens. scalar product or dot product of two vectors. definition of units in SI. Parallelogram law of addition of vectors. DYNAMICS : Introduction. Atwood machine. MEASUREMENTS. System of breeding. range. Rules for writing units in SI. work done and energy. Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium and evolutionary process – Natural selection. Sex limited characters. equality of vectors. angular velocity and angular momentum. UNITS AND DIMENSIONS : Introduction. Sex Chromosomes. apparent weight in a lift. Fundamental and derived physical quantities / System of Units. triangle law of addition of vectors. Relative errors. Endocrine disorders in Human beings. Vertical projection of an object from a tower.E. Sex influenced characters. Genetics-Introduction : (1) Multiple alleles and Blood groups. Derived units in SI.AM XIII. average speed and instantaneous velocity. subtraction. Sex linked inheritance.Applied Biology : (1) Aquaculture: List of animals of aquaculture importance. Soluble mediators of Immunity. workenergy theorem. Generation and Propagation of Nerve Impulse. horizontal range. ELEMENTS OF VECTORS : Classification of Physical quantities. Hepatitis. examples of scalar product. Changes in Genotype frequencies and Speciation. Sex linkage in drosophila. XV. Significant figures. applications of Newton’s laws. Triangle law and polygon law of vectors. ELISA (Enzyme Linked Immunosorbent Assay). Constant errors. Experimental verification of chemical origin of life. Errors due to addition. Time of ascent. KINEMATICS : Introduction : Motion in a straight line – displacement. Enzymes. percentage errors. Subject – PHYSICS I. time of flight. Organs of Immune system. examples of vector product of two vectors . Theories of Evolution : Lamarckism or Inheritance of acquired characters. Haplodiploidy in honey bee. An elementary idea of gene therapy. Relation between KE and Linear momentum. law of conservation of linear momentum. shortest time. Derivation of expression for the magnitude and the direction of resultant vector. XVI. Poultry farming. to derive the relationship between different physical quantities. time of ascent. Maximum height (H). Y-linked characters. geometrical representation of vectors. concepts of Gene action one gene one poly peptide concept only. Function of Genes. Cells of Immune systems. III. Immunological disorders: AIDS. cancer biology. Synthetic theory of evolution or Neo-Darwinism. shortest path. Industrial use of micro organisms and DNA Technology. time of descent. equation of trajectory. COLLISIONS: Introduction – Elastic and inelastic collisions. motion of a boat across a river. finger printing. Error due to imperfection. Uniformly accelerated motion. Gene Mapping. Impulse. Genes on the sex chromosomes. Rabbit – Functional Anatomy-III (Nervous System. vector product of two vectors.E. Gene regulation in prokaryotes. Conversion of one system of units into another. power. Collisions in one dimension (Elastic collision only). Uniform and non-uniform motion. speed and velocity.torque. equation for height attained for freely falling body after number of rebounds on floor. body at rest. systematic errors. Immunology : Types of Immunity. Fisheries – fish culture and rearing methods. Sex determination and Sexual differentiation in human being. & P. definition. dimensional constants and dimensionless quantities. hormones. Sex determination.

Ideal gas equation. expression for displacement. Anharmonicity of vibrations. Relation between Cp and Cv derivation. advantages of friction. frequency. Stokes formula. expression for time period. expression for time period. FLUID MECHANICS: Introduction . body sliding up the plane. ELASTICITY: Introduction. SIMPLE HARMONIC MOTION (SHM): Introduction. Boyle’s and Charle’s laws. 4 . loaded spring. Hook’s law. Three phases of matter. gravitational field. kinetic (or) dynamic friction. excess pressure in liquid drops and soap bubbles. rolling friction. Nature of gravity. X.Inertial frames. Distinction between static and dynamic friction. initial phase (epoch) Simple pendulum. torque. center of mass of system of particles in space. change of density with temperature. rectangular lamina. motion of body on rough horizontal plane. coefficient of thermal conductivity. Motion of a body on smooth and rough inclined plane. circular ring and cylinder (no derivations needed). their relation (only formulae). field strength. Inertial and Non. XIII. V and T in these processes. characteristics of centre of mass. stress. Relation between Universal gravitational constant (G) and acceleration due to gravity (g). Coefficients of linear.Basic forces in nature. amplitude. Total Energy of Simple Harmonic Oscillator. net force on the object. GRAVITATION: Introduction. centripetal acceleration and force. Joule’s law and mechanical equivalent of heat. Fahrenheit. capillarity-examples in daily life. Moment of Inertia(MI). units. relation between them with derivation. motion of centre of mass (Velocity and acceleration of CM).pressure in a fluid . TEMPERATURE AND THERMAL EXPANSION OF MATERIALS: Introduction.volume and pressure coefficients of gases. XIV. solid and hollow spheres. Poiseuille’s equation. when the body is sliding down. static friction. explanation for expansion in solids. difference between centre of mass and centre of gravity.Quasi-static and cyclic process. types of friction.VI. its significance in nature. centre of mass of system of particles in a plane. couple (concepts. Vector representation of torque. relation between linear velocity and angular velocity. Viscosity – explanation. properties of gravitational fields. derivation. Expressions & Relation between these coefficients of expansions. definitions. Determination of surface tension by capillary rise method – theory and experiment. Relation between P. Determination of pressure coefficient-Jolly’s bulb method.Type of convections. kinetic friction or Dynamic friction. XII. Vibration of atoms in a solid. molecular theory of surface tension. law of universal gravitation. law of conservation of angular momentum with examples. Latent heat. angular momentum. equation and explanation. Rolling friction. Measurement of temperature. Centigrade scales of temperature.Elastic fatigue. explosion. a roller on horizontal surface pushed by an inclined force. Second law of thermodynamics – different statements.conduction of heat.cause of friction. centre of mass of particles along a line. CENTRE OF MASS (CM): Introduction. Determination of volume coefficient-Regnault’s method. characteristics of gravitational force. neutron star. definition. External work done by a gas during its expansion. SHM explanation by reference circle. examples in daily life. strain energy . Introduction . relation between them and derivation. Angle of contact. Internal energy.simple harmonic motion examples. Heat capacity. motion of a spinning ball. concept of angular displacement. laws of friction. coefficient of viscosity. Heat engines and refrigerators (only qualitative treatment).Elasticity and plasticity. definition and its limit. phase. significance of Universal gas constant.coefficients of real and apparent expansion of liquids. coordinates of centre of mass. acceleration. IX.surface tension.Streamline flow – Bernoulli’s theorem equation with derivation – applications-aerodynamic lift. body sliding down the plane. Geostationary satellites and their uses. Chandrashekar limit. XI. Motion of objects through fluids. motion of bodies on an inclined plane.Centre of mass. Motion in vertical circle.Black body radiation. expression of work done in adiabatic process (no derivation). TRANSMISSION OF HEAT: Introduction . depth. Heat and Temperature. AM VII. THERMODYNAMICS: Introduction . Moduli of elasticity. variation of ‘g’ with altitude. Effect of temperature on surface tension. strain.Principle of Buoyancy. Expression for work done in Isothermal process (no derivation). Expressions for MI of a thin rod. Illustrations of Bernoulli’s theorem. Normal reaction. Zeroeth law of Thermodynamics. ROTATORY MOTION : Introduction. terminal velocity. Principle of equivalence. uniform disc. static friction. PE and KE of simple harmonic oscillator. SURFACE TENSION: Introduction . PE curve. definition of Calorie. Angle of friction. Prevost’s theory of heat exchange . effect of temperature on viscosity. pushing and pulling of a lawn roller. laws of motion of the centre of mass. Law of conservation of energy in the case of a simple pendulum. units.Different types of thermometers (brief theoretical description). experimental determination of specific heat by the method of mixtures.concept of temperature. Determination of coefficient of apparent expansion of liquids by specific gravity bottle method. Triple point – Triple point of water. limitations of Newton’s third law. FRICTION : Introduction . Surface energy. Introduction. Inertial and Gravitational mass & relation between them. uniform circular motion. force constant.emission power and absorptive power . XV. Frames of reference.Examples. Escape and Orbital velocities. Kelvin scale of temperature. definition. disadvantages of friction. parallel and perpendicular axes theorems. specific heat. convection. Isothermal and adiabatic processes. A lawn roller on a horizontal surface pulled by an inclined force. definition . velocity and acceleration. XVI. Anomalous expansion of water. Specific heats of a gas (Cp and Cv). velocity. Body at rest on the plane-Angle of repose-when the body is just ready to slide. methods of reducing friction. areal and cubical expansion. First law of thermodynamics. VIII. derivation of expressions and relation between them. angular velocity and angular acceleration. Kirchoff’s law and its applications – Stefan’s law – Newton’s law of cooling.experimental determination of Young’s modulus of wire. Behavior of a wire under gradually increasing load. time period. dimensional formula and examples). reversible and irreversible processes. latitude and shape of the earth. Nature and properties of Thermal radiation. relation between angular momentum and torque. Determination of latent heat of vaporization of water. Origin of black holes. Poisson’s ratio.

Free Vibrations. Electrical energy. Dispersion of light. Difference between EMF of a Cell and potential difference. Beats definition and its importance. Alternating current 5 . Induced EMF.M. definition and explanation. Energy stored in a Condenser. Tangent Galvanometer (TG). condition for balancing. Optical Instruments: Microscope. Biot – Savart Law. Effect of dielectric on capacitance of capacitor. Capacitance. Electric field intensity definition. Variation of themo EMF with temperature. Open Pipes.C. different kinds of spectra– Emission spectra.Potential due to single charge and multiple charges. Ampere’s Law. ELECTROMAGNETICS: Oersted’s Experiment. Line. Definition of Condenser. Growth and decay of charge in R. of a cell using potentiometer.Couple. c) both source and listener are moving. dispersive power. liquids and gases (only formula to be given). Power definition of kWh. Force between two long straight parallel conductors carrying current. reflection of waves. Converting MCG into ammeter and voltmeter. Reverberation – Reverberation Time. Definition of Electrostatic Potential in an electric field. Tangent Law. Magnetic field near a long straight wire and magnetic field at the Center of a circular coil carrying current (with derivations).Electromagnetic spectrum. Principle of Potentiometer determination of internal resistance and E. Parallel plate Condenser. Formation of waves on a stretched string. OPTICS: Nature of Light. Vibration Magnetometer. Circuit connected to DC source. b) only listener is moving. Kirchhoff’s laws: Statement of Kirchhoff’s voltage law. XXIV. Principle. Total Internal Reflection. principle of superposition of waves. Fundamentals of building Acoustics – Statement of Sabine’s Law. Current loop as a magnetic dipole. experimental verification by Sonometer. Peltier and Thomson effects and their coefficients. Magnetic Lines of Force. condition for obtaining pure spectrum. Application of Gauss Law to find electric intensity and electrostatic Potential due to continuous charge distribution of Infinite Long wire. Effect of dielectric on Energy of Condenser. Capacitors in series and in parallel: derivation of the equivalent capacitance for the above cases. Dia. Electrostatic potential energy. Force between two point charges. Definition of magnetic moment of magnet. Conductance. Deflection Magnetometer. Force on a current carrying conductor placed in a magnetic field. PHYSICAL OPTICS: Interference – condition for interference. Fundamental frequency-Overtones. XXII. THERMOELECTRICITY: Introduction. Electric Flux & Gauss Law: Electric Flux Definition. Newton’s corpuscular Theory. Definition of Electrical Capacity of a Conductor. Neutral and Inversion Temperatures. Faraday’s and Lenz’s Laws. Closed Pipes. absorption spectra. Experimental determination of M and BH(earth’s horizontal component) using Vibration Magnetometer.Uniform and Non – Uniform Magnetic Fields. Comparison of Magnetic Moments in Tan A. WAVE MOTION: Longitudinal and transverse waves. Ohm’s Law: Statement. Variation of resistivity with temperature. Time constant. Electric lines of force. their properties. Definition of Reduction Factor. Derivation of Refractive index of material of prism for minimum deviation. Couple acting on a bar magnet placed in a uniform magnetic field.Relation between electrostatic potential and electric intensity. critical angle. Ohmic and Non-Ohmic elements with examples. application of total internal reflection to Optical fibers.Seebeck effect.F. XVIII. Definition and its significance. Sound: Characteristics of sound. Harmonics. Huygen’s Wave Theory. Magnetic Flux. pure and impure spectra. Definition of Ampere. Relation between Critical angle and Refractive Index. Mutual Inductance.AM XVII. standing waves in Organ Pipes.Principle and Description. XXIII. derivation of relation for apparent frequency of a sound note emitted by a source for the cases a) only source is moving. Field on the axis of circular coil carrying current (expression only). Applications of Thermo. Construction and working of Moving Coil Galvanometer (MCG). Polarisation: Concepts of Polarisation. Self Inductance. Refraction through prism. MAGNETISM: Coulomb’s Inverse Square Law. Tan B positions by equal distance method and Null Method. Fraunhofer lines and their significance.F. Verification of Inverse Square Law. Dielectric constant. Diffraction: Fresnel and Fraunhofer diffraction (Qualitative only). Variation of Resistance with temperature. Forced Vibrations. Telescope. Principle and working.M. Formula for Capacitance of Parallel Plate Condenser. Electromagnetic induction. Types of magnetic materials – Para. Equations for charge on condenser – Current in inductor. XXI. force and Torque on Current loop in an uniform magnetic field. speed of sound in solids. Principle of Transformer. Resonance with examples. of Cell – Internal resistance and back E. magnetic dipole moment of a revolving electron. XX. Definition of Magnetic Field. E. its uses. their uses. Defects in Images: Spherical and Chromatic aberrations and reducing these defects. Huygen’s Explanation of Reflection and Refraction of plane waves at a plane surface. Fleming’s Left Hand Rule. Force on a moving charge in a magnetic field. Different methods (qualitative treatment). Relation between electric current and drift velocity. Fleming’s Right Hand Rule. Dielectric. Gauss Law-Statement of Gauss Law. Equation for a progressive wave.F. Thermistor. laws of vibrating strings. Growth & decay of current in L-R circuit with DC source. Refraction and Double Refraction (Polaroids). Magnetic Induction due to a bar magnet on axial and equatorial lines. Construction of Ramsden’s and Huygen’s eye pieces with ray diagrams. electric intensity due to isolated charge and due to multiple charges. their application to Wheatstone bridge. Infinite Plane Sheet and Spherical Shell. Force due to multiple charges – Principle of superposition with examples. comparison of MCG with TG. Dielectric Strength. ELECTROSTATICS: Charges – conservation of charge and additive property of charges. Drift velocity and mobility. Determination of resistance of a conductor using meter bridge. Definition. Series and parallel combination of cells – Derivation of equivalent EMF for the above cases. Electrostatic Potential. Coulomb’s Law : Permittivity of Free Space and Permittivity of Medium. CURRENT ELECTRICITY: Electric current – Flow of Electric charges in a metallic conductor. Specific resistance. Applications and limitations of Doppler EffectEchoes. Absorption of sound waves.. Electric field. Plane Polarisation of Light by Reflection. Kirchhoff’s current law. Band and continuous spectra. Capacitance. Astronomical and Terrestrial Telescopes. Young’s double slit experiment – Derivation for Intensity and fringe width – Uses of interference. Doppler Effect.M. and Ferro Magnetism – Definition and properties. Superposition of magnetic fields. XIX. Meter bridge. Types of capacitors. Formula for magnification of Microscope.

proton and neutron. Periodic law – Mendeleef’s classification of elements. STATES OF MATTER: GASES AND LIQUIDS : Graham’s law of diffusion. Moseley’s Law and its importance. concept of orbitals. Variation of oxidation states. Redox reactions and electrode processes. Principle and Working of a Nuclear Reactor. Concept of hydrogen bond and its types with examples. Percentage composition of compounds and calculation of empirical and molecular formulae of compounds. concept of equivalent weight with examples. Aufbau principle. Properties of ionic compounds. Explanation of stability of half filled and completely filled orbitals. AND . p -n junction. critical temperature. Failure of Bohr’s theory. Ionic radii. bandwidth of Transmission medium. Vapour pressure. Diagonal relationship. Dual nature of matter. Properties of covalent bond.Ray Spectra. Periodic trends in physical and chemical properties of elements: Atomic radii.different types of hybridization involving s. Kinetic molecular theory of gases. STOICHIOMETRY: Laws of chemical combination – Principles and examples. mass defect and binding energy and their relation (Explanation with examples). working and uses. Characteristics of hydrogen spectrum. Energy of Sun and stars. TV and digital data). Forward and Reverse bias. Natural radio activity – alpha. III. p –n Diode as half wave and full wave rectifier (only qualitative treatment). Covalent bond . Inert gas radii. sky and space wave propagation. e/m of electron by Thomson’s method. Dalton’s law of partial pressures. N2 and O2. Electronic configuration of atoms. beta and gamma radiations and their properties. Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle. Effect of hydrogen bonding on properties of compounds. Subject: CHEMISTRY I. Popagation of electromagnetic waves in the atmosphere. NOR. Root Mean Square and Most Probable Velocity. Classification of elements into s. Power Reactor and their uses. Zener Diode as a voltage regulator. Electronegativity and Valency. The valence bond approach for the formation of covalent bonds. Factors favorable for the formation of ionic bond. NUCLEAR PHYSICS: Composition and size of nucleus. empirical derivation of gas equation. COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS: Elements of communication systems (block diagram only).shapes of s. Types of reactors – Breeder Reactor. Chemical reactions and Stoichiometric equations. no mathematical derivation) 6 . Definition of coordinate covalent bond with examples.Transistor Function of Emitter. Logic Gates -OR. p and d orbitals. Molar mass. Nuclear Fission. Compton effect (Statement only). Pauli’s exclusion principle and Hund’s rule of maximum multiplicity. IV.VSEPR theory – Lewis representation of covalent compounds. II. Ideal behavior. Electropositivity – Metallic and Non-metallic nature. Avogadro’s law.Production of X. Bohr’s theory of the structure of atom – Postulates. Behavior of real gases. Artificial Transmutation of elements. Laws of Photoelectric Emission. half life and average life of a radio active substance. Hybridization . Photo Electric Cells. radio active decay law. definition of atomic orbital in terms of quantum numbers . Shapes of simple covalent molecules. Wave-particle nature of electron. Protective shielding.Intrinsic and extrinsic semi conductors (n and p type).calculation of lattice energy – Born . XXVI. Oxidation number concept. Dual behavior of electromagnetic radiation. Elementary particles. and Current -voltage characteristics of junction diode. Einstein’s Photo electric equation and its experimental verification by Milikan’s method. deviation from ideal behaviour. Photo Electric Effect : Definition. Conditions for liquification of gases. De Broglie’s hypothesis. Applications of redox reactions in titrimetric quantitative analysis.(A. p. Bohr’s theory of hydrogen atom. Quantum numbers. Variation of atomic radii in inner transition elements. Features of atomic spectra – Emission and absorption spectra. pure inductor. Base and Collector. p-n-p and n-p-n Transistors. Rutherford model of an atom. L-R and L-C-R series circuits. Coolidge tube. Important features of the quantum mechanical model of an atom – Meaning and significance of wave function. Carbon – Nitrogen cycle and proton – proton cycle. current.Rays. Distribution of molecular velocities and types of molecular velocities – Average. Formal charge. Nature of Oxides. depletion layer and barrier potential. Current –Voltage Characteristics of Transistor in CE configuration. Chain Reaction. Nuclear Fusion. Explanation of photo electric effect. ATOMIC STRUCTURE: Characteristics of electron. SEMI CONDUCTOR DEVICES: Introduction. Characteristic X – Ray Spectra. Nature of electromagnetic radiation. AC through C-R. X. Molecular orbital theory of homonuclear diatomic molecules. d. pure capacitor. Bandwidth of signals (Speech. XXVI.ray spectrum. Symmetry and energy of sigma and pi bonding and antibonding molecular orbitals. Continuous X. Significance of atomic number and electronic configuration as the basis for periodic classification. ideal gas equation. Nuclear Radiation Hazards. NOT. NAND XXVII. Introduction – Instantaneous. Radio Isotopes and their uses. Balancing of redox reactions by ion electron method and oxidation number method. compressibility factor versus pressure diagrams of real gases. Einstein’s explanation of Photoelectric effect. AM XXV. Transistor as common emitter amplifier (qualitative treatment). p and d orbitals. Molecular orbital energy diagram of H2. Discovery of Neutron. Charge of the electron by Millikan’s Oil Drop Method (Principle Only). Coordination number. viscosity and surface tension (qualitative idea only. Alternating Voltage applied to a pure resistor. CHEMICAL BONDING AND MOLECULAR STRUCTURE: Kossel -Lewis approach to chemical bonding. energy changes in ionic bond formation. Junction diode. f blocks and their main characteristics.C). Types of redox reactions. Nuclear forces – Their Properties. Crystal structure of sodium chloride and Caesium chloride. Biasing of Transistors. X. ATOMIC PHYSICS: Discovery of electron. Bohr’s explanation of spectral lines. V.Rays. Need for modulation. Planck’s quantum theory. Energy of an electron.C. geometry of simple molecules. Liquid state – Properties of liquids in terms of intermolecular attractions. Directional properties of covalent bond. Ionization energy.Haber cycle.deduction of gas laws. CLASSIFICATION OF ELEMENTS AND PERIODICITY IN PROPERTIES: Concept of grouping the elements in accordance to their properties – Mendeleef’s Periodic Table. Crystal lattice energy . Modulation. de Broglie’s hypothesis (concept only). Kinetic gas equation (No derivation) . maximum and RMS value of A. Electron gain energy.

isotopes of hydrogen. p-BLOCK ELEMENTS: GROUP 14 ELEMENTS: (IVA GROUP ELEMENTS): Electronic configuration. strong and weak electrolytes. extensive and intensive properties. Preparation and uses of nitric acid and Ammonia. Cottrell’s method. Ionic equilibrium. Acids and Bases: Lowry-Bronsted acid base theory. CHEMICAL KINETICS: Concepts of reaction rate. amorphous and crystalline solids. occurrence. Bravais lattices. Dilute solutions. Unit cell in two dimensional and three dimensional lattices. Lewis theory.Internal energy and Enthalpy. molecular and non . formation. reactivity with oxygen.variation of conductance with concentration. Variation of properties and oxidation states. Representation and notation of electrochemical cells with and without salt bridge. Kohlrausch’s law and its application to calculation of equivalent conductance of weak electrolytes. Coagulation. neutralization. Aluminum: uses. Lead accumulator. molality and mole fraction. properties and uses including as a fuel. types of systems.types of catalysis. Electrolytes and non-electrolytes. Primary cell . entropy as a state function.stoichiometric hydrides. and metallic solids. sodium carbonate. Driving force for a spontaneous process. Factors affecting equilibrium. non spontaneous and equilibrium processes. Enthalpy of bond dissociation. Emulsions.Physical and chemical properties and uses of boron. reactions with acids and alkalis. VII. Equilibrium: Equilibrium in physical and chemical processes. Electrical and magnetic properties. Fused Magnesium chloride. reduction. Anomalous behavior of first element. Hardness of water and its removal Hydrogen peroxide – methods of preparation. Calcium carbonate and Calcium sulphate. Manufacture and uses of Producer gas and Water gas. cleansing action of soap. combustion. protective colloids and Gold number. Thermo chemical equations. Secondary cells . trends in chemical reactivity. Variation of properties and oxidation states. catenation electronic configuration. trends in chemical reactivity. vapour pressure. Super phosphate of lime. Important compounds of Silicon . halogens and water. 7 . Seven crystal systems. Concept of pH. occurrence. ALKALI AND ALKALINE EARTH METALS: Electronic configuration. Gibbs free energy change for spontaneous. classification of emulsions. EMF of the cell. Detection. boric acid and boron hydrides. HYDROGEN AND ITS COMPOUNDS: Position of hydrogen in periodic table. Catalysis . Faraday’s laws of electrolysis and applications. XV. Bragg’s method. Similarities between carbon and silicon. Solubility product and common ion effect with illustrative examples. physical and chemical properties . Properties of colloids . Specific. SURFACE CHEMISTRY: Adsorption: Physical and chemical adsorption. adsorption of gases on solids. Rast’s method and Berkeley Hartley’s method. Oxoacids of nitrogen and phosphorous. Law of mass action. First law of thermodynamics . Preparation. Diagonal relationship. Relation between Kp and Kc.dry cell / Lechlanche cell. autocatalysis. Anomalous properties of the first element in each group. Gibbs free energy. XI. Determination of molar mass using colligative properties: Ostwald’s dynamic method. SOLUTIONS: Classification of solutions.BLOCK ELEMENTS: GROUP 15 ELEMENTS (VA GROUP ELEMENTS): Occurrence . XII. voids. atomization. Methods of determination of order of a reaction. allotropy. Preparation and uses of Calcium oxide. Brine solution. Hess’s law of constant heat summation. Fused Sodium hydroxide. oxidation states. structure and uses of Hydrogen Peroxide. X. THERMODYNAMICS: Concept of system. Brownian movement. silicates and zeolites. equilibrium constant. Hydrolysis of salts (elementary idea). Order and molecularity. application to industrial synthesis of (i) Ammonia (ii) Sulphur trioxide. Electrolysis. structure and properties of diborane. Hydrogen . Osmosis and osmotic pressure . salts of oxo acids.Preparation. Anomalous properties of first element of the group.Oxygen fuel cell. sublimation. dynamic nature of equilibrium. Limitations of Raoult’s law. allotropic forms.VI. Equivalent and Molar conductance . Fused sodium chloride. factors affecting it pressure (Langmuir and Freundlich Isotherms) and temperature. Borax. Reactions of hydrogen leading to ionic. packing in solids. normality. XVI. molarity. General characteristics of oxides and halides. Integrated rate equations and half lives for zero and first order reaction Collision theory of reaction rates (elementary ideas). decomposition. p. Bragg’s equation. redox reactions. hydrogen. Rate law. Potash alum. energy. buffer solutions. occurrence. Point defects . Metallic solids. factors to promote corrosion and prevention of corrosion. IX. Exothermic and Endothermic reactions. number of atoms per cubic unit cell. K. VIII.Schottky and Frenkel defects. Elementary treatment of metallic bond. Mg and Ca.theory of dilute solutions. disproportionation and addition reactions. passivity. properties and uses of sodium hydroxide.Silicon dioxide. Galvanic and voltaic cells. Corrosion: mechanism. XIII. factors affecting reaction rates. physical and chemical properties and uses. silicones. Colloidal state: colloidal solutions. degree of ionization.catenation. covalent. micelles.oxidation. Preparation. Calculation of density of unit cell. X-ray study of crystal structure. XIV. Colligative properties – (i) Relative lowering of vapour pressure (ii) Elevation of B. Silicon tetrachloride. electrode potentials. Nernst equation and its application to calculate EMF of electrochemical cells. surroundings. phase transition. Some typical examples of electrolysis viz. Ionic product of water. atomic and ionic radii. Le Chatelier’s principle.Tyndall effect. Boron.physical states of nitrogen and phosphorous. work. ELECTRO CHEMISTRY: Conductance in electrolytic solutions. sodium hydrogen carbonate and sodium chloride. Heat capacity and Specific heat. uses of alkali and alkaline earth metals. state functions. Biological importance of Na.P (iii) Depression in freezing point and their relation to molar mass. ionization and dilution. measurement of ∆E and ∆H. ionic. Occurrence.Fuel cells: Hydrogen Oxygen fuel cell and Hydrocarbon . AM Concept of activation energy. uses of oxides of carbon. Ionization of acids and bases. Standard hydrogen electrode. heat. hydrolysis constant. Trends in properties like ionization enthalpy. electrochemical series. Abnormal molecular mass. Raoult’s law. Thermodynamic representation of criteria of spontaneity in terms of entropy. Units of rate constant. General characteristics and structure of hydrides. Carbon . limitation of Lewis theory. SOLID STATE: Classification of solids based on different binding forces as molecular. Physical and Chemical properties of water and heavy water. classification of colloidal solutions. p-BLOCK ELEMENTS: GROUP 13 ELEMENTS: (IIIA GROUP ELEMENTS): Electronic configuration.

water. extraction of metals and biological systems (chromo proteins. Structural aspects of oxy acids of chlorine. meso form. occurrence and characteristics of transition metals. Methods of preparation. Ozone and its reactions. properties and uses. atomic and ionic radii. Trends in physical and chemical properties and uses. CARBOXYLIC ACIDS: Nomenclature and acidity of carboxylic acids.Methods of preparation. Alkanes . Identification of primary. Haloarenes: Nature of C-X bond. hydrogen halides and water. halogen. Uses of methanol and ethanol. chemical reactivity. Physical properties. chloro fluoro carbons. IUPAC nomenclature. oxides of nitrogen and sulphur. HYDROCARBONS: Classification of hydrocarbons. Cannizzaro reaction. Cycloalkanes : Preparation and properties of cyclohexane. GENERAL PRINCIPLES OF METALLURGY: Principles and methods of extraction . Directive influence of functional group in mono substituted benzene. interstitial compounds and alloy formation. Green chemistry as an alternative tool for reducing pollution with two examples. bonding. Methods of preparation. Ionization Potential. Chirality . Occurrence and principles of extraction of Copper.hydrogen. physical and chemical properties and uses of diethyl ether. electromeric effect. Methods of preparation of ethane. AM XX. Compounds containing one chiral centre.BLOCK ELEMENTS: GROUP 16 ELEMENTS (VIA GROUP ELEMENTS): Occurrence. Benzene: resonance and aromaticity. Water and Soil pollution. Magnesium and Sodium. Phenols: Nomenclature. chemical reactions including free radical mechanism of halogenation. Ethylene: Methods of preparation. Carcinogenicity and toxicity of aromatic compounds. Physical and chemical properties and uses of acetic acid. Preparation.XVII. XXXI. Amines: 8 . XXIII. Iron and Silver. Preparation and Substitution reactions of chlorobenzene (directive influence of halogen for mono substituted compounds only). oxidizing power of fluorine and chlorine. Types of regents – electrophiles. hydrogen halides (Markovnikov’s addition and peroxide effect). Homolytic and heterolytic fission of covalent bond. Mechanism of dehydration. structure of ethene.concentration. XVIII.metallic character. Electrophilic substitution reactions and uses of phenol.addition of hydrogen. racemisation and resolution. Mechanism of SN1. methods of preparation. Ethers: Nomenclature.substitution. acid rain. specific rotation. Chiral molecules. importance of coordination compounds in qualitative analysis. halogens. Types of organic reactions . BASIC PRINCIPLES AND TECHNIQUES IN ORGANIC CHEMISTRY: Methods of purification. Mechanism of electrophilic addition. their structure and allotropy. effects of depletion of ozone layer. XXII.Chiral objects. Molten electrolysis processes of Aluminium. XXIV. Structures of Xenon oxides and halides. properties and uses of Ozone and sodium thiosulphate. Ozonolysis and oxidation. Green house effect and global warming. properties and uses of fluorine. Oxides of carbon. XIX. determination using a polarimeter. major atmospheric pollutants. ionization energy. addition. electronic configuration and oxidation states. variable oxidation states. TRANSITION ELEMENTS: General introduction. ligands. methods of preparation. geometrical isomerism and physical properties of geometrical isomers. Combustion and Pyrolysis of ethane. elimination and rearrangement reactions with examples. Preparation. Coordination compounds: Introduction. isomerism. Zinc. Halogenation. and nature of carbonyl group. oxides and halides. p. Physical properties and chemical reactions: acidic character of acetylene. Classification and IUPAC nomenclature of organic compounds. Conformations of ethane. Industrial process for manufacture of sulphuric acid. ENVIRONMENTAL CHEMISTRY: Definition of terms. physical states of oxygen and sulphur. electronic configuration. physical properties and chemical reactions . Inductive effect. Electro negativity. IUPAC nomenclature of mono nuclear coordination compounds. GROUP 18 ELEMENTS: (ZERO GROUP ELEMENTS): Electronic configuration. EAN rule. physical and chemical properties and uses of acetaldehyde and acetone. Reactive intermediates. XXIX: ALDEHYDES AND KETONES: Nomenclature. Structural aspects of oxy acids of chalcogens. D-L and R-S nomenclature. elements of symmetry. Acetylene . Friedel Craft’s alkylation and Acylation. XXVII : HALOALKANES & HALOARENES: Haloalkanes: Nomenclature. color. reduction by chemical and Electrolytic methods and refining.Nomenclature. addition reaction of . Chemical reactions in atmosphere. XXI. shapes of coordination compounds . types of Pollution. catalytic property. Air. Alkenes . and SN2 reactions. Chemical properties: Mechanism of electrophilic substitution . Mechanism of nucleophilic addition. PHENOLS AND ETHERS: Alcohols: Nomenclature. chlorophyll: structures only). XXX.Nomenclature. Asymmetric carbon. General characteristics of hydrides. structure of triple bond. carbon monoxide. Aldol and crossed aldol condensation. chlorine and bleaching powder. oxidation states. Preparation. electronic configuration. smogs. Pollution due to industrial wastes. nucleophiles and free radicals with examples. Physical states of halogens. XXV: ALKYNES & AROMATIC HYDROCARBONS: Nomenclature.Valence bond theory. Electron affinity. bond energies. acidic nature of phenol. Fischer projections and Configuration. physical and chemical properties of ethyl chloride and chloroform. Compounds containing two chiral centers. secondary and tertiary alcohols.BLOCK ELEMENTS: GROUP 17 ELEMENTS (VIIA GROUP ELEMENTS): Occurrence. Werner’s theory of coordination compounds. resonance and hyperconjugation. ORGANIC COMPOUNDS CONTAINING NITROGEN: Nitrobenzene: Preparation. qualitative and quantitative analysis of organic compounds. Structures of Inter halogen compounds. Lanthanides: Electronic configuration. methods of preparation and physical and chemical properties of phenol.Nitration. enantiomers. racemic forms. XXVIII. magnetic property. diastereomers. P. occurrence and isolation. Sulphonation. chemical reactivity and lanthanide contraction. variable oxidation states. XXVI: STEREO CHEMISTRY: Optical activity-discovery. Aromatic hydrocarbons: Introduction. General trends in properties of first row transition elements . haemoglobin. ALCOHOLS . nature of C-X bond. physical and chemical properties of ethyl alcohol. coordination number. isomerism.

phenacetin and paracetamol). 3. Primary Endosperm Nucleus II. vulcanization of rubber. glycogen). 1) Both (A) and (R) are true. Identification of primary. Lipids: Classification. potassium metabisulphite). bithional). structure and functions of lipids in biosystems. CHEMISTRY IN EVERYDAY LIFE: Uses of Chemicals in medicine: Analgesics : Narcotics (morphine. Mericarp The correct sequence is: 1) I. hydrochloric acid in stomach). Classification into (a) aldoses and ketoses and (b) mono (glucose and fructose). codeine). ANNEXURE . IV 4) IV. chemical reactions and importance of diazonium salts in synthetic organic chemistry. Diazonium salts: Preparation. XXXIII. enzymes. Structural features of oligo and polysaccharides mentioned above. nylon. physical and chemical properties and uses of Aniline. peptide bond. III. IV 2) III. secondary. III. Nucleic Acids: Types of nucleic acids. II. 4. sulphadiazine). Denaturation of proteins.II MODEL QUESTIONS – BOTANY 1. Xenogamy IV. V. Vitamins: Classification and functions of vitamins in biosystems.Number average and weight average molecular weights (definition only) Biopolymers – Carbohydrates and Proteins. III If one strand of DNA molecule has the nucleotide sequence TAC AAT CGG TAA. Addition and condensation polymerization. Primary structure of DNA and its double helix. lactic acid. POLYMERS & BIOMOLECULES: Classification of polymers. Hormones: Classification. oligo (sucrose. Replication.. secondary and tertiary amines. 2. 4. I. Chemicals in food preservatives (sodium benzoate. Natural rubber. structural features and functions of hormones in biosystems. alitame. I. Antiseptics (Chloroxylenol. seconal. Antipyretics (Analgin. Chemical composition of DNA & RNA. protein synthesis and genetic code. primary building blocks of nucleic acids. maltose) and polysaccharides (starch. Artificial sweetening agents (Aspartame. I. polyesters and bakelite. II.Nomenclature and classification of amines. II 3) II. (R) is the correct explanation of (A) 2) Both (A) and (R) are true. but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A) 3) (A) is true but (R) is false 4) (A) is false but (R) is true Arrange the following in the order of their occurrence in the life cycle of an angiospermic plant: I. IV. Luminal. Copolymerization.S. Proteins: Elementary idea of Alpha amino acids. polypeptides and proteins. Generative cell III. Antimicrobials (lysozyme. Antibiotics (pencillin. Nonnarcotics (Aspirin. tertiary and quaternary structures of Proteins (Qualitative idea only). Ricinus Trapa Castanea . chloramphenicol. lactose. Azo dyes and their uses. Primary. I IV II IV (B) IV I III I (C) V III IV II (D) II V I V 9 AM 2. sucralose). Carbohydrates: Importance. the new stand synthesized by heterocatalysis of it will have the nucleotide sequence as: 1) ATG TTA GCC ATT 2) TAC AAT CGG TAA 3) AUG UUA GCC AUU 4) TUC UUT CGG TUU Study the following lists: List I A) Monarch B) Tetrarch C) Diarch D) Octarch The correct match is: (A) 1. methods of preparation. synthetic rubber – Neoprene and Buna. Ibuprofen). I. Transcription. Structure determination and properties of glucose. IV. Structure. Reason (R) : Hatch and Slack pathway occurs in bundle sheath cells and Calvin cycle in mesophyll cells. Biodegradable polymers and some commercially important polymers – Polythene. valium). Assertion (A): In the leaves of the sugarcane C3 and C4 cycles are spatially separated. Disinfectants (formalin). XXXII. cellulose. Tranquilizers (Barbituric acid. Molecular weights of polymers . II. 3. List II Gossypium Nicotiana III.

Many pyrenoids in each cell III. In rabbit obturator foramen is present on 1) Sternum 2) Skull 3) Pectoral girdle 4) Pelvic girdle Identify the sequence of leg parts of cockroach from base to tip of the leg A) Tibia B) CoxaC) Tarsus D) Femur E) Trochanter Correct sequence is 1) B-A-D-E-C 2) B-E-D-A-C 3) A-D-C-B-E 4) A-C-B-E-D 3.B & D 3) Only A. 3) S is correct but R is not correct. The vegetative free floating filaments of Spirogyra have: I . Multiple selection type A) Ribs are double headed with capitulum and tuberculum B) A Complete bony secondary palate is present C) Heart is three chambered D) Foramen of Panizza connects left and right systemic arches Which of the above are true about Crocodiles. 1-16 chloroplasts in each cell II. 2) Both S and R are correct but R is not correct explanation to ‘S’. 1) All 2) Only A.AM 5. 10 . Many nuclei in each cell IV. 4) S is not correct but R is correct. 2. Matching type SET-I Scientific names A) Pinctada B) Teredo C) Dentalium D) Aplysia SET-II Common Names I) Elephant tusk shell II) Sea hare III) Pearl Oyster IV) Marine mussel V) Ship worm Identify the correct match between SET-I and SET-II A 1) 2) 3) 4) 5.C &D 4. Differentiation of base and apex The correct combination is: 1) I and II 2) II and III 3) I and III 4) II and IV MODEL QUESTIONS – ZOOLOGY 1. Reason (R): Binary fission in Euglena is described as symmetrogenic division as daughter individuals are like mirror images. 1) Both S and R correct and R is the correct explanation to ‘S’. III III III III B IV I V V C II II I II D I V II IV Statement and Reason type Statement (S): During favourable conditions Euglena undergoes longitudinal binary fission.B & C 4) Only B.

3) (A) is true but (R) is not true. (2) MLT-3.9 A: (1) 36π x 10-7 T (3) 36π x 10-6 T (2) 9π x 10-7 T (4) 9π x 10-6 T MODEL QUESTIONS – CHEMISTRY 1. Reason (R) : At constant temperature. 2) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is not the correct explanation of (A). 2 sp2 carbons 5. If the force is given by F=at+bt2 with ‘t’ as time. 1 sp and 1 sp2 carbons The correct answer is: (A) (B) 1) 3 4 2) 4 5 3) 3 1 4) 2 3 (C) 1 3 2 4 (D) 2 2 5 5 11 . kinetic energy of one mole of all gases is equal. ^ ^ ^ i (2) 45 ^ . then dimensions of ‘a’ and ‘b’ are: (1) MLT-4. 4. 6 sp2 carbons 3. MLT-4 (4) ML2T-3. Which one of the following cannot be determined experimentally? 1) Order2) Rate 3) Rate constant 4) Molecularity 2. Assertion (A): At 300 K.35 k (3) 45 k .25 k) m/sec explodes into two pieces of mass ratio 1:4. Four charges of magnitude –‘Q’ are placed at the four corners of a square and a charge ‘q’ is at its centre. After explosion the ^ i k smaller piece moves away with velocity (200^ + 70 j + 15^ ) m/sec.PHYSICS 1. 2 sp carbons 2. ML3T-4 ^ ^ i A bomb moving with velocity (40 ^ + 50 j . 2 sp3 carbons 4. If the system is in equilibrium the value of ‘q’ is : (1) (3) Q (1 + 2√2) 4 Q (1 + 2√2) 2 (2) (4) Q (1 + 2√2) 4 Q (1 + 2√2) 2 5. The intensity of the magnetic induction field at the center of a single turn circular coil of radius 5 cm carrying current of 0.35 ^ j 3.35 ^ j i k (4) -35 ^ + 45 ^ A ray of light passes through an equilateral prism such that the angle of incidence is equal to the angle of emergence and each one is equal to 3/4th the angle of prism. 4) (A) is not true but (R) is true. The angle of deviation is : (1) 450 (2) 390 (3) 200 (4) 300 4. Kinetic energy of 16 grams of methane is equal to the kinetic energy of 32 grams of oxygen. MLT-2 (3) ML2T-3. The correct answer is: 1) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A). Which one of the following elements exhibits highest oxidation state? 1) Zn 2) Fe 3) Cu 4) Mn 3. Match the following : List I A) Ethane B) Ethylene C) Acetylene D) Benzene List II 1. The velocity of larger piece after explosion is: (1) 45 j .AM MODEL QUESTIONS . ML2T-2 2.

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