UNIVERSITY

OF

KENTUCKY~
July 11,2012
College of Nursing UK Medical Center 315 College of Nursing Bldg. Lexington, KY 40536-0232
859257-2358

Kim Thompson BEST WESTERN Lexington Conference Center Hotel 5532 Athens Boonesboro Road Lexington, Kentucky 40509-9491 Dear Ms. Thompson,

fax 859 323-1057 www.mc.uky.edu/nursing

I am writing on behalf of the Kentucky Center for Smoke-free Policy (KCSP) at the University of Kentucky College of Nursing. We have recently learned of a "Vape Meet" to be held at your facility on August 4,2012 to promote electronic cigarettes. We spoke to someone at your hotel who said that the I common areas of the hotel are smoke-free. Since e-cigarettes are tobacco products that emit harmful substances in the vapor, Iam enclosing information on this largely untested product. For the safety of your workers and guests Iask that you not allow e-cigarette use inside your facility, consistent with your smoke-free policy. E-cigarettes heat the contents of a cartridge to form a vapor (not "water vapor," as the commercials claim). Very few brands have been tested (and some of those tests were funded by the e-cigarette companies). However the US FDA and a few other labs around the world found the vapor to contain several cancercausing agents (including formaldehyde), some volatile organic compounds, and propylene glycol, which a major chemical company warns should not be inhaled. Finally, nicotine is also found in the vapor. Nicotine creates a sticky residue that reacts with a normal substance in the air to form cancer-causing agents that off-gas into the indoor air and cling to carpets, drapes, and other surfaces. We ask that you prohibit the use of e-cigarettes in the common areas of your facility, consistent with your smoke-free policy, during the Vape Meet and at all times. Iam happy to provide additional information or answer questions. Ilook forward to hearing from you. Iwill plan to follow up in the next week if Ido not hear from you. Thank you for protecting the health of your workers and guests.

~~ahn, PhD, RN, FAAN Director,Kentucky Center for Smoke-free Policy UK College of Nursing _ 751 Rose Street Lexington, KY 40536-0232 ejhahnOO@email.uky.edu; 859-257-2358

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E-cigarettes and Comprehensive Smoke-free Policies
Battery

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:

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Atomizer

Indicator light

What are e-cigarettes? • Battery operated devices that use a heating element to vaporize nicotine and other substances.' • The user's puff triggers the air flow sensor which lights the LED light in the e-cigarette tip and activates the heating element in the atomizer, creating the vapor. • E-cigarettes simulate the visual, sensory, and behavioral aspects of smokinq."

. T a bl e. Ch ermca Is Foun d' In E-claare tt e C a rt nld laes an dV apor
Chemical Acetone; Cresol; Xylene; Styrene j3-nicotyrine Ethyl alcohol Acetaldehyde Formaldehyde Diethylene glycol Nicotine Characteristics Affecting Health & Safety Volatile organic compounds can cause negative health effects. Cancer causing agent derived from nicotine Volatile organic compounds can cause negative health effects. Cancer causing agent Highly toxic impurity of propylene glycol; found in one sample bv the US FDA. Cartridge may contain up to 500 mg of nicotine (approx. 10 times lethal dose)." Difficult to refill cartridges without getting liquid on hands." Nicotine from vapor or cartridge spills can react with an element in the air releasing strong carcinogens, which can by inhaled, absorbed through the skin, or taken in by mouth. 7,8 Nicotine levels are not always accurately portrayed on product
labels.":
9, 10

Where Vapor"

Found

Cartridge & vapor" Cartridge & vapor" Cartridqe & vapor" Cartridge" Cartrid~e'"
4

&

vapor"

0

Propylene glycol

Currently being tested with animals, no known human testinq.' -13

Cartridge & vapor3,'1

Other • • • • • •

health and safety concerns about the use of e-cigarettes E-cigarettes are not a proven cessation aid and could derail true cessation attempts. 14 Dual use of cigarettes and e-cigarettes will not result in public health benefits." Using e-cigarettes in smoke-free areas may cause others to think smoking is allowed, creating enforcement problems." Some e-cigarettes are marketed as "green" and "healthy" which may encourage youth to experiment and become addicted." Lack of regulation hinders research about safety and efficacy because the product keeps changing.2 Five minutes of e-cigarette use has lung effects similar to tobacco smokinq."

E-cigarette marketing • E-cigarettes are marketed online with testimonials from people trying to quit, despite the fact that e-cigarettes are not scientifically proven or FDA-approved cessation aids." • Marketers claim that e-cigarettes can be used where smoking is prohibited.

For more information, contact the Kentucky Center for Smoke-free Policy University of KentUCky College of Nursing, 859-323-4587 or www.kcsp.ukv.edu. March 2012 Copyright 2012 University of Kentucky Clean Indoor Air Partnership.

E-cigarettes and Comprehensive Smoke-free Policies
The FDA and e-cigarettes
• _ As of-December 2010, the U.S. Court of Appeals decided that e-cigarettes can only be

regulated as a tobacco product, under the Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco control Act, unless marketed as a therapeutic device." Regulation development will take time and is in process by the FDA. on policy
.. _

Health agency recommendations

"E-cigarette manufacturers and retailers are making unproven health claims about their products - asserting that they are safe or safer than traditional cigarettes" (p. 1) .18 "Our organizations SUpport including e-cigarettes in al/ new smoke-free laws." For existing laws, issuance of "a clarifying opinion" is recommended. 18

.

. ..

American ~e.art Association,
"

V~

Learn and Live;

t

AMERICAN

LUNG
ASSOCIATION.
Fighting for Air

"Marketing and use could undermine public smoking bans, which are important tobacco control interventions" (p. 31).14

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World Health Organization

"The evidence is insufficient to conclude that any of the electronic nicotine delivery systems products is an effective smoking cessation aid" (p. 32).14

Recommendations for clinicians whose patients wish to quit smoking • Advise patients to use harm reduction forms of nicotine replacement regulated by the FDA, supplemented by effective telephone quit lines and internet-based services."
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Flouris AD, Oikonomou 2011;20(3):243-248. Laugesen M. Safety Report on the Ruyan" e-cigarette Westenberger BJ. Evaluation af e-cigorettes: Eissenberg T. Electronic Feb 2010;19(1):87-88. Trtchounian A, Talbot P. Electronic nicotine delivery systems: is there a need for regulation? Tob Control. 2011;20(1):47-52. Sieiman M, Gundel LA, Pankow JF, Jacob P, 3rd, Singer Be, Destaillats H. Formation of carcinogens indoors by surface-mediated nicotine with nitrous acid, leading to potential 2872399. 8. 9. Kuschner WG, Reddy 5, Mehrotra the primary Hadwiger products 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. care provider. thirdhand smoke hazards. Proc Not! Acad Sci USA. Apr 13 2010;107(15):6576-6581. cigarettes and thirdhand tobacco smoke: two emerging and rimonabant detection.} reactions of nicotine Cartridge and Inhaled Aerosol. Christchurch: May 4 2009. and craving suppression after acute administration. Tab Cantrol. delivery Health New Zealand Ltd.; October 30, 2008. Food and Drug Administration; nicotine DN. Electronic cigarettes: miracle or menace? 8M). 2010;340:c31l. nicotine delivery systems: a research agenda. Tab Control. May Etter JF, Bullen C, Flouris AD, Laugesen M, Eissenberg T. Electronic

delivery devices: ineffective

PMCID: for

N, Paintal HS. Electronic

health care challenges in electronic Chromatogr cigarette A. Nov 26 related in

lnt I Gen Med. 2011;4:115-120.

PMCID: 3068875. B. Identification of amino-tadalafil mass spectrometric

ME, Trehy ML, Ye W, Moore T, Allgire J, Westenberger using high pressure liquid chromatography

with diode array and tandem cigarette cartridges,

2010;1217( 48): 7547-7555. Trehy ML, Ye W, Hadwiger ME, et al. Analysis of electronic refill solutions, and smoke for nicotine and nicotine impurities. Iournal of Liquid Chromatography & Related Technologies. 2011/08/152011;34(14):1442-1458. Montharu J, Le Guellec 5, Kittel B, et al. Evaluation of lung tolerance of ethanol, propylene glycol, and sorbitan medical aerosols.J Werley Aerosol Med Pulm Drug Deliv. Feb 2010;23(1):41-46. P, Lilly P, et al, Non-clinical safety and pharmacokinetic evaluations of propylene glycol aerosol in Sprague-Dawley rats Sep 5 2011;287(1-3):76-90. http://www.dow.com/PublishedLiterature/dh regulation. Electronic 0047/0901b803800479d9.pdf#page=36. nicotine delivery systems. Drug Information. Accessed MS, McDonald

monooleate

as solvents

and Beagle dogs. Toxicology.

Dow Chemical Company. A guide to glycols. August 14, 201l. World Health Organization. 2010;24(1):30-32. Yamin C, Bitton A, Bates D. E-cigarettes: Vardavas CI, Anagnostopoulos impact on respiratory flow resistance, Regulatory

scope. Tobacco product a rapidly growing impedance

Internet

phenomenon.

Ann Intern Med. 2010;153(9):607-609. effects of using an e-cigarette:

N, Kougias M, Evangelopoulou

V, Connolly GN, Behrakis PK. Acute pulmonary

and exhaled nitric oxide. Chest. Dec 22 2011. imports-Sottera, Inc. v. FDA. Am J Law Med. 2011;37(1):194-198. Kids, American Lung Association. Policy guidance The Campaign for Tobacco-free novel nicotine

Kirshner L. D.C. Circuit rules FDA cannot block e-cigarette American Cancer Society, American Heart Association, document regarding e-cigarettes: June 201l. Cobb NK, Abrams DB. E-cigarette or drug-delivery

device? Regulating

products.

N Engl} Med. Jul 21 2011;365(3):193-195.

For more information, contact the Kentucky Center for Smoke-free Policy University of Kentucky College of Nursing, 859-323-4587 or www.kcsp.ukvedu. March 2012 Copyright 2012 University of Kentucky Clean Indoor Air PartnerShip.

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