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ASSIGNMENT ON COMPARATIVE EDUCATION TOPIC: COMPARE AND CONTRAST THE EDUCATIONAL SYSTEMS OF BRITAIN AND NIGERIA NAME CHIDIEZIE MATRIC NO: MED/09/4102 COURSE: ADVANCED COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF EDUCATION SYSTEM. COURSE CODE: EDS 709. DISCIPLINE; SOCIOLOGY OF EDUCATION.
At this stage the number of subjects studied drops to about nine.INTRODUCTION In Nigeria. as do the German and Dutch schools. but increasingly many private schools have their own entrance tests. Although the language of instruction in schools is English. School years run from September to July and there are three terms. whose results determine what electives will be taken – popularly known as the art or science stream. After another three years in secondary school. 2 . After three years in secondary school there are further national tests. The French School (Ecole française) for instance places emphasis on English as a second language. The foreign schools offer their respective national curricula adapted slightly to Nigerian standards and exams belonging to both curricula. These schools are popular with expatriates although there is some Nigerian patronage too. which in turn determine university entrance and the discipline studied. At 10/11 years. These determine the four subjects taken in the extremely competitive JAMB (Joint Admissions and Matriculation Board) exams. exams are taken in all nine electives. the standard age to begin school is at six although nursery/reception can be started at three. there are a number of schools that offer certain subjects in other languages. the national exam is called Common Entrance. entrance exams to secondary schools are taken.
School learning is split into 4 key stages relating to the curriculum. Students in primary and secondary school attend three equally divided sessions from January through 3 . effective in 2013 for 17 year-olds and in 2015 for 18 year-olds. Both options offer general education courses in addition to more specific vocational or applied subjects. children must begin at age 4. publiclyfunded nurseries and pre-schools are available for a limited number of hours each week. The Education and Skills Act of 2008 raised the compulsory age to 18. LAW OR POLICIES ON EDUCATION Nigerian law requires compulsory education for all students between the ages of 6 and 15. by law. The UK introduced a National Curriculum in 1992 and state schools are required to adhere to it until students reach age 16. After the age of 16.But in Great Britain. For children under age 5. students can attend sixth form colleges or other further education institutions. The government is including a provision in its Education Bill that will increase the participation age to 18 so that school leavers have the option of staying in school or move onto further training (Independent schools are not obliged to adhere to the National Curriculum). all children in England and Wales between ages 5 and 16 must receive a full-time education. while in Northern Ireland. Pupils progress through the stages as they go through the school years.
School learning is split into 4 key stages relating to the curriculum. To qualify for entry into Junior Secondary School (JSS). three junior secondary.December. There are not enough senior secondary schools in Nigeria. nationwide examinations are held each year. The revised curriculum is expected to be taught in schools from September 2013. the UK Government is currently reviewing the national curriculum. exploring how to slim it down. Because exam scores determine a student's future educational choices. schools tend to stress memorization of facts. In 1982. 11 to 14 years are in stage 3. and three senior secondary school grades. so most students who finish JSS go into the workforce. rather than creative problem solving. Senior Secondary School (SSS). Nigeria switched to the American system of six years primary. Throughout key stages 1-3 pupils are routinely tested in Standard Assessment Tests (SATs) but these are being phased out by the 4 . In Britain. but the rigid examination system remained. and at least one modern foreign language. and higher education. Pupils progress through the stages as they go through the school years. Pupils who fall within the range of 5 to 11 year olds are in the Key stages 1 and 2. with about a month vacation between sessions. social and health education (PSHE) and citizenship. Schools also have to teach religious education and are encouraged to prove personal.
students may leave secondary schooling. maths. or they may take a higher level of secondary school examinations known as AS-Levels after an additional year of study. students have to take English. including mathematics and English language. 5 . The GCSE is a single-subject examination set and marked by independent examination boards. which are required for university entrance in the UK. Following two years of study. After taking GCSEs. PRIMARY AND SECONDARY EDUCATION There is no official method of equating British and Nigerian primary and secondary educational qualifications. At stage 4 (GCSE level). Students usually take up to ten (there is no upper or lower limit) GCSE examinations in different subjects. IT. citizenship and physical education. students may take A-Level (short for Advanced Level) examinations. alternatively. science. they may choose to continue their education at vocational or technical colleges. The educational systems are entirely different and attempts to compare them must be done on a strictly provisional basis.Government.
POST-SECONDARY AND HIGHER EDUCATION Approximately 1. veterinary medicine. a master's degree is normally earned in a single year. Wales and Northern Ireland. One is postsecondary.GRADES Schools in the UK do not generally rank pupils within their year. the principal standards are the GCSE. about one third of young people go on to higher education at age 18 and an increasing number of "mature" students are studying either full-time or part-time for university degrees. such as medicine. while at Scottish universities they last four years. Unlike Great Britain. This is totally different in Nigeria where students are ranked within a year and the exam scores determine a student's future educational choices. usually are undertaken as five-year undergraduate degrees. At the graduate level. a research master's degree takes two years and a doctoral degree is often completed in three years. currently.8 million students are currently enrolled in the UK higher education system. SCE and AS and ALevel examination results. Professional courses. Nigeria operates three major categories of higher or tertiary education. Undergraduate degrees take three years to complete in England. which is non-university level 6 . law and teaching.
2002). About two-thirds of the universities are federally owned. Enrolment growth rates were the highest in the South-South Region. but non-university level programs offered at technical colleges.000-$15. and colleges of education. PRIVATE EDUCATION: Great Britain and Nigeria Private education is not cheap in Nigeria. The second type of higher education institution consists of higher technical. with many schools quoting fees in foreign exchange. They usually offer a variety of options for students that lead to a National Diploma (ND) for two years of study or a Higher National Diploma (HND) for four years of study. Enrolments in the federal universities grew at the rapid rate of 12% annually during the 1990s and totalled 325.299 students by 2000 (NUC. For instance the American International School’s fees range from $12. efforts to expand enrolments and improve educational quality are severely constrained by growing shortages of qualified academic staff. Students receive certificates of training for completing work-oriented courses.000 a year 7 . and a majority of the others are state-owned. followed by the North-East Region. The British International School charges approximately £8. However. The third type of tertiary institution is the degree-granting institution offering bachelor's and higher degrees.000 per year.training in technical and vocational fields. polytechnics.
the so called ―public‖ schools have a student to teacher ratio of 50:1. employers and the nation by promoting high quality teaching and research. They allocate these funds using funding methods and policies that are open and transparent. including the number and type of students. they aim to meet the needs of students. usually with one teacher and at least one teaching assistant) with excellent results in national and international tests. FUNDING OF HIGHER EDUCATION: Great Britain and Nigeria In Great Britain.exclusive of boarding fees. This situation is different from Great Britain where the HEFCE is responsible for distributing public funds for higher education in England. students are responsible for providing all necessary equipment. It is not uncommon for there to be waiting lists at these schools since class sizes are very small (maximum 20 students per class. Although there are no fees. HEFCE provides advice to the Secretary of State on the funding needs of higher education in England. allocated according to formulae which take account of certain factors within each institution. In distributing the funds. Most HEFCE funding is distributed as block grants to institutions. which sometimes includes chairs. desks and blackboard chalk. The recurrent grant announcement each March sets out the grant for the following academic 8 . In stark contrast. the subjects taught and the amount and quality of research undertaken there.
Financing for that system comes almost entirely from the federal government. they started reviewing the way in which Great Britain fund teaching at universities and colleges. Federal university revenues are received mainly 9 . agreements covering university salaries and teaching inputs negotiated with government by the Academic Staff Union of Universities (ASUU) in 2001 have raised this amount close to a much healthier $1. over the years. simply because it has brought the idea suggested to it externally to reduce social spending on education through removal of subsidy. closure of programmes. As a result of enrolment growth and currency devaluation. In May 2010. 2001). The government has. Unlike in Nigeria. inadequate funding of Nigeria universities by government and poor allocation of funds by the proprietors of private universities coupled with the increasing enrolment have contributed considerably to the decline of the university system.with obvious implications for educational quality. right sizing. recurrent allocations per university student in the federal system fell from $610 to $360 between 1990 and 1999 . However.year to each university and college that they fund. they issued a consultation on proposed principles and features for a future method. The cost of running the federal university system totalled $210 million in 1999.000 per student annually (FRN. In October 2009. among other things. not been serious about funding the universities.
This explains clearly why some rich Nigerians have chosen to send their children to European. I would say that there is no basis for comparing the educational systems of Great Britain and Nigeria.from three sources: the federal government (84%). abandoning the poorly funded. Asian and South African universities for high quality education. CONCLUSION Considering the educational system in Nigeria. teacher-student ratio. Also. Nigeria is very far behind in terms of educational research and development. no Nigeria University appeared 10 . its curriculum. GOVERNMENT BUDGET ON EDUCATION The percentage of government contribution to education in UK is about 84%. quality of staff. She seems to be the only country in the world that does not respect the United Nations recommendation of 26% of a country’s annual budget to be spent on education. government policies and its implementation. and poorly equipped universities in Nigeria. funding. looking at the recent world universities ranking 2011-2012. and various student fees (9%). infrastructure. income generation activities (7%). This is not in any way comparable with less than 7% of Nigeria’s budget on its education. quality of research and development etc.
11 .among the Top 400 world universities while we have British universities among the top10 in the world.
http://tasu.usnews.The Evolution and Management of Higher Education in Nigeria: A Review of Private Initiatives by KOLEDOYE JOHN ADEYEMI.Educational System—overview.hefce.. http://education.com/pages/1102/NigeriaEDUCATIONAL-SYSTEM-OVERVIEW.uk/Learning_and_teaching_scotland Koledoye J. A. http://www.(2008).ac.com/education/worlds-best-universitiesrankings/top-400-universities-in-the-world 12 .ccea.uk/finance Learning and Teaching in Scotland http://www.uk/ HEFCE.A.academia.BIBLIOGRAPHY Council on Curriculum.org.The Nigerian University: An Ivory Tower with neither Ivory nor tower.edu/KOLEDOYEJOHNADEYEMI/ Papers/310238/The_Evolution_and_Management_of_Higher_Edu cation_in_Nigeria_A_Review_of_Private_Initiatives Nigeria . Owerri-Nigeria. Examinations and Assessment. EduEdy Publications. http://www. World's Best Universities: Top 400 http://www.Itscotland.html#ixzz1b9H1T3mr Okecha S.stateuniversity.org.
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