What is IT? ICT? CS? Softwre enginering? Ed Tech?
Computer Science (abbreviated CS or Comp Sci) is the scientific and mathematical approach to
computing, programming, and computation in correspondence with computer systems. This field of study utilizes theories on how computers work to design, test, and analyze concepts. It encompasses the theoretical study of algorithms (including their design, efficiency and application) and the practical problems involved in implementing them in terms of computer software and hardware. Computer science usually has a stronger mathematical foundation than a scientific one and on some occasions may not focus directly on computers and their systems.
Computer science is composed of many broad disciplines, including artificial intelligence and software engineering. Additionally, Computer scientists study problems to determine if they can be computed, compare algorithms to decide on the best solution, create programming languages to express these algorithms, design and build computer systems to execute specifications from research, and apply algorithms to application domains, or sets of software systems that share design features.
Resources: 1. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Computer_science 2. http://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/computer-science.html 3. http://www.webopedia.com/TERM/C/computer_science.html 4. http://www.linfo.org/computer_science.html 5. http://www.wisegeek.com/what-is-computer-science.htm
Sunita Gopee Rehanna Lutchman
Educational technology is the use of technology to improve education. It is a systematic, iterative process for designing instruction or training used to improve performance. Technology should facilitate learning processes and increase performance of the educational system(s) as it regards to effectiveness and/or efficiency. Educational technology is often associated with and encompasses instructional theory– it offers explicit guidelines and help to better help people learn and develop; and learning theory – the process that brings together cognitive, emotional and environmental influences and experiences. Educational technology relies on the broad definition of the word technology. Technology can refer to the material objects of use to humanity such as machines, hardware, but it can also encompass broader themes, including systems, methods of organization and techniques. Some modern tools include but are not limited to overhead projectors, laptop computers and calculators. Newer tools such as smartphones and games are beginning to draw serious attention for their learning potential. References http://edutechwiki.unige.ch/en/Educational_technology http://en.wikipedia.org
Michelle Scott-Johnson Sandie Subero
SOFTWARE ENGINEERING Software Engineering is the application of a systematic, disciplined, quantifiable approach to the design, development, operation, and maintenance of software, and the study of these approaches; that is, the application of engineering to software. It is the application of engineering to software because it integrates significant mathematics, computer science and practices whose origins are in engineering. It is also defined as a systematic approach to the analysis, design, assessment, implementation, testing, maintenance and reengineering of software, that is, the application of engineering to software. Software Engineering has come to mean at least two different things in our industry. First of all the term "software engineer" has generally replaced the term "programmer". Yet, there is increasing evidence that many of the processes we have been developing for large groups of engineers also apply to the best practices of even individual engineers. Software engineers design and develop software. They apply the theories and principles of computer science and mathematical analysis to create, test, and evaluate the software applications and systems that make computers work. The tasks performed by these workers evolve quickly, reflecting changes in technology and new areas of specialization, as well as the changing practices of employers. Sources http://www.careercornerstone.org/software/software.htm http://www.practicalprocess.com/seyp/definition.html http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Software_engineering Vijesh Mahadeo Gemma Ramdial
Information and Communication Technology ICT is concerned with the storage, retrieval, manipulation, transmission or receipt of digital data. . It is also concerned with the way these different uses can work with each other. There are two (2) main aspects of ICT. Firstly there are the traditional computer-based technologies (things you can typically do on a personal computer or using computers at home or at work) and secondly there is the more recent, and fast-growing range of digital communication technologies (which allow people and organizations to communicate and share information digitally).
The main aim of ICT in education is the implementation of ICT equipment and tools (application packages, video conferencing, networks, satellite links etc.), in the teaching and learning process. The purpose of ICT in education is generally to familiarize students with the use and workings of computers and the related social and ethical issues. ICT has also enabled learning through multiple intelligences as ICT has introduced learning through simulation games; this enables active learning through all senses.
There are many students that benefit greatly from the use of ICT. ICT facilitates a large amount of personalized learning as well as the enhanced teamwork and cooperation. Many school wide benefits are also achieved by ICT for example the teachers work becomes measurable and there is a drastic reduction in the gender gap. The community can also become involved and a greater involvement could be shown and the reduction in the community’s or country’s brain drain would be drastically reduced. The business man and the nations Government can thus chart the economic growth development and global competitiveness.
Information Technology - Definition and scope
“Information technology, as defined by the Information Technology Association of America (ITAA), is "the study, design, development, implementation, support or management of computer-based information systems, particularly software applications and computer hardware." Encompassing the computer and information systems industries, information technology is the capability to electronically input, process, store, output, transmit, and receive data and information, including text, graphics, sound, and video, as well as the ability to control machines of all kinds electronically. Information technology is comprised of computers, networks, satellite communications, robotics, videotext, cable television, electronic mail ("e-mail"), electronic games, and automated office equipment. The information industry consists of all computer, communications, and electronics-related organizations, including hardware, software, and services.” Reference: http://www.enotes.com/information-technology-reference/information-technology-174329 Meshal Maharaj Arlene Clarke