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Issue #15 - July 2008

HP PHOTOSMART PRINTER

full circle
THE INDEPENDENT MAGAZINE FOR THE UBUNTU COMMUNITY
MATHIAS GUG

GIMP PART 4
GRUB 101

MOVING HOUSE
SEPARATE HOME PARTITION
CREATE YOUR OWN SERVER 7

MOVE YOUR HOME TO A SEPARATE PARTITION.


THE INS AND OUTS OF
DIRECTORIES

LAYERS
PEELING THE GIMP,
PEELING THE GIMP,
LAYER BY LAYER
1
Full Circle magazine is not affiliated with or endorsed by Canonical Ltd.
p.04

Ins And Outs Of Directories p.06

full circle
Separate Home Partition p.08
Server Series - Part 7 p.13
GIMP - Part 4 p.15
GRUB 101 p.18

www.fullcirclemagazine.org Ubuntu Saves The Day p.19


From Mickey's ABC's To Kubuntu p.20
: HP Photosmart C3180 p.22
: Mathias Gug p.25
p.27
p.28

P.06 p.30
P.08 P.13
p.32
p.33
: Slim Web Browsers p.35
p.37

P.15 P.22 P.25 P.35

The articles contained in this magazine are released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0
Unported license. This means you can adapt, copy, distribute and transmit the articles but only under the following
conditions: You must attribute the work to the original author in some way (at least a name, email or URL) and to this
magazine by name ('full circle magazine') and the URL www.fullcirclemagazine.org (but not attribute the article(s) in any way that
suggests that they endorse you or your use of the work). If you alter, transform, or build upon this work, you must distribute the
resulting work under the same, similar or a compatible license.

2
EDITORIAL
This magazine was created using :

By the time you read this, will be


unleashed upon the masses. I've been
following KDE 4 since 4.0, and I can honestly
say: it's come on in leaps and bounds.
Shown left is my current desktop, KDE 4.1
RC1, with Twitter plasmoid top right, a
couple of post-it notes, middle right (yes, I
am that forgetful!), a folder view, middle top, and some shortcuts, top
left. Not only does KDE 4.1 look lovely, but it's far more usable now
than in its 4.0 incarnation. So, if you haven't given KDE 4 a try lately Ubuntu is a complete operating
system that is perfect for laptops,
(or didn't like 4.0) give it a whirl. I think you'll be impressed. desktops and servers. Whether at
Speaking of , you can follow us at: twitter.com/fullcirclemag, home, school or work Ubuntu
contains all the applications you'll
where the team will twitter their hearts out about what they are up to ever need including word processor,
in the world of . email application and web browser.
I hope you enjoy this issue, and remember: we're only an email
away so feel free to let us know what you like (or dislike) and what You do not pay any
licensing fees. You can download,
you want to see in future issues. Contact addresses are on the last
use and share Ubuntu with your
page of this issue. friends, family, school or business
for absolutely nothing.
Once installed, your system is ready
Editor, Full Circle Magazine to use with a full set of productivity,
internet, drawing and graphics
ronnie@fullcirclemagazine.org applications, and games.

3
Intrepid Alpha 2 Released
NEWS Feel free to email news stories
to: news@fullcirclemagazine.org
Please include a source URL.
Intrepid Ibex Alpha 2 is the second
alpha release of Ubuntu 8.10, and with
this release comes a whole host of new
Apress Ubuntu Book Updated
features. The feature list for 8.10 has
Best Buy Is Selling Ubuntu been slowly taking shape since early
last month. Much is yet to be decided

K
eir Thomas and Jamie Sicam for 8.10
have updated the best-selling
and award-winning 2006 title,
The final stable version will be released
. With more in October 2008.
than 150 pages added since the first : ubuntu.com
edition, this new edition, based on
version 8.04, covers everything a

I
t appears that is now new user would want, and need to
selling [just the OS, no know. Aimed at anyone wanting to
PC], both through its Web site switch to Ubuntu, this book offers
and in its brick-and-mortar everything a user needs to get
locations. Going by the release on started, including a double-sided
the product page, Ubuntu has DVD that contains the full version of A magazine isn't a magazine
actually been available for the and much more. without articles and Full Circle
low, low price of $19.99 since May is no exception. We need your
According to coauthor Keir
6th of this year. It is being , and
Thomas, “Beginning Ubuntu Linux,
packaged as the 'Complete . We also need
Third Edition purely and simply
Edition.' While they don't specify (games, apps &
focuses on what you need to know to
on the site what version is being hardware), articles
use Linux. It’s concise and to the
offered, a quick call to a local (on any K/X/Ubuntu subject)
point, aiming to re-create under
store revealed it to be Hardy and any questions, or
Linux all the stuff you used to do
Heron, the latest Long Term suggestions, you may have.
under Windows, or even Apple
Support version. Macintosh.”
: slashdot.org
: theopenpress.com

4
Shuttleworth Dream:
NEWS 'out-pretty' Apple
That dream? To produce a desktop
more beautiful to ordinary users than
KDE Developers Respond To KDE "As we firmly believe in KDE 4 and
legions of Apple programmers supping
on the milk of chief exec Steve Jobs'
4.0 Backlash the future of the free desktop, we
expected the heated discussions about KDE
alleged brilliance are capable of
producing. That includes a desktop not
4, and especially the 4.0 release, to go
KDE Developers funded by a clutter of annoying banner
away, and we were wrong about that," he
have responded to or Flash-based ads, but paid for by
wrote in an open letter published on the
the ongoing subscription-based services.
open-source news website Groklaw.
controversy around
their handling of the Now you're done dreaming, go home
The problems are largely due to inflated
transition from KDE and code for the victory.
expectations of KDE 4, something KDE
3 to KDE 4, which developers had attempted to address ahead In a Tuesday evening O'Reilly Open
began with the of the release, he said. Source Convention (OSCON) keynote,
release of KDE 4.0 in Shuttleworth called on delegates to
January. KDE 4.0 was never intended to be a full
make a concerted effort not just to
replacement for KDE 3, but was released in
With KDE 4, developers shifted the catch Apple but to overtake the
January in order to give KDE 4 application
system from the Qt 3 application- company in the quality of the desktop
developers a stable platform to develop to,
development framework to Qt 4, while experience they deliver users.
Kügler said.
rebuilding the desktop environment His company Canonical, Ubuntu's
from scratch. Version 4.0 of the system was intended to
commercial sponsor, is working to
lay foundations for a system that would be
The resulting software has been make the Ubuntu desktop "more
able to add functions that would have been
criticised for its lack of features and beautiful" in the next two years, he
difficult or impossible to build onto the
customisability, bugs and usability told OSCON.
ageing KDE 3 platform, Kügler said.
problems. Some have suggested "I think the great task in front of us in
including older versions of KDE : ZDnet.co.uk
the next two years is to lift the
alongside KDE 4 or even creating a new experience of the Linux desktop from
system based on KDE 3.5 but ported to something stable and usable and not
the Qt 4 framework. pretty, to something that's art,"
KDE board member Sebastian Kügler Shuttleworth said.
admitted that KDE developers were : theregister.co.uk
surprised by the vehemence and
persistence of KDE 4's critics.

5
take a long time to change to the
COMMAND AND CONQUER documents directory without
'~/'. However, now that you are
Written by Robert Clipsham
in your Documents directory,
how do you move back to your

L
ast month we showed you directory'? Any commands you Home directory? There are
how to stay safe using a execute will be run in the current several ways do to this.
command line. Now that you directory. This won't mean much for
now, but it will make all the $ cd
know this, you can start using it to $ cd ..
your advantage! Over the next difference later on. One command
that uses your current directory is $ cd ~/
few issues, we'll show you the $ cd /home/robert
basics of file management, which 'ls', which will give you a list of files
will be of use later on when doing in the directory you specify, or in the These all do the same thing if
more advanced things. current directory if you don't specify you are in your Documents
one. directory. 'cd' with no arguments
The first command in this issue
It's not always useful to be in your will always take you to your
will just prove a statement from
home directory though, so let's move home folder. 'cd ..' takes you to
the start of last month's article,
away. To do this, we use the change your previous directory, so here
"you are in your home directory".
directory command, cd. we moved from
Whenever you see ~ this means
'/home/robert/Documents' to the
your home directory, so to prove
$ cd ~/Documents previous directory,
this, type (in a terminal):
'/home/robert'. The third uses
If you now type 'pwd', you will see
pwd the ~ shortcut, and can be used
you are now in your documents
with or without the trailing '/'.
I get this output: directory. The '~/' was not needed for
The final command uses the full
that command although it can be a
$ pwd path, which will always take you
handy shortcut to save time. In this
to the exact location, providing it
/home/robert example, you were already in your
exists.
home directory, so 'cd Documents'
Of course this will display your would have worked. If you were in Now for some time saving!
home directory, rather than mine. another directory though, say Rather than typing out a long
But what use is this to you? What '/home/robert/Pictures/2007/Decembe directory like
does it mean to be 'in your home r/Christmas' for example, it would

6
'~/Pictures/2007/December/Christ may also have had this error if you
mas', you can just type the first don't have a Documents directory
few letters! because, for example, you have
deleted it. The other error you may
$ cd ~/Pi<tab>
have encountered is when trying to
Replace <tab> with you use tab complete. If your computer
pressing your tab key, and notice gave a beep when you hit tab, it can
how it automatically changes to mean one of two things. The first is
GetDeb extends the existing software
Pictures? You can use this that the directory doesn't exist. If the options for Ubuntu (and derived) Linux
technique with most directories to directory doesn't exist, it won't be distributions by providing major
save time. able to tab complete it! The other updates and software not yet available
possiblity is that you have multiple on the official Ubuntu repositories.
directories starting with Pi in your
You may have encountered home directory. If this is the case
GetDeb packages are built using
some problems performing these then hit tab again, and you will get a Debian/Ubuntu building rules, this
simple commands. Don't worry list of possible files and directories, reduces development effort and
though, it is probably something so you can type a few more letters assures the same level of quality.
and hit tab again. If there are a lot of However when new packages are
very simple. The first problem you developed or major upgrades are
may have encountered probably possible matches, you will see
performed we do not follow a strict
happened when you tried something like: quality assurance process, this is the
changing to the Documents Display all 388 possibilities? accepted cost required to achieve
directory. shorter release times. Still with a
(y or n) broader user base problems are
-bash: cd: documents: No quickly identified as fixed. It should
Unless you want to see them all,
such file or directory also be noted that we do not provide
type 'n', then hit enter and type a system core packages or major
Everything you enter at the few more letters to narrow down the libraries which could cause
command line is case sensitive! number of possible matches. dependency problems or other major
issues, in case you find a broken
and are package recovery should be easily
two completely different is a self confessed achieved by reinstalling the Ubuntu
directories in the eyes of the geek, whose hobbies include: official package.
terminal, so make sure you have programming/scripting, chatting on
the correct capitalization! You IRC and not writing his articles on time. www.getdeb.net

7
HOW-TO CREATE A SEPARATE
Written by Robin Catling
HOME PARTITION

I
f you ran the default . existing partition needs to be
installation of Ubuntu using the unmounted to be resized and
There is, but this method comes
"guided" partitioning option, thus your computer can't be
with no warranties and is liable to all
you probably have two partitions booted into your regular Ubuntu
manner of user-goofs, so back up
on your hard drive: an Ubuntu installation.
everything first!
system partition and a swap
partition. This is fine until you run If you screw up your
regular backups, or upgrade to installation, you can use the live
Ubuntu 8.04, or need to recover CD to restore your old settings
from a disaster. Then, having all and, in the worst situation, at
your data and programs on the Unless you have unused disk least recover your important
same partition suddenly seems space, you will need to resize the files. Launch Parted, select your
like a bad idea. Don't believe the existing filesystem partition to make partition to resize, and then
way that most file managers room. Make sure you know how select the Resize/Move button to
present the contents of your much space you currently use for bring up the settings dialog box.
machine; is still part of / and allow some room for
your main filesystem. However, growth before you start this. You can
keeping the system (Ubuntu) and use an extra internal hard drive, but
data (your own stuff) segregated don't try this on a USB drive, kids!
on separate disk partitions has You will need one of the partition
certain advantages. If I need to re- editors capable of on-the-fly
install or re-format the system move/resize operations leaving the
partition, I can happily wipe it, disk contents in place – the Parted,
knowing nothing happens to the Gparted, Visparted family do very
folder. My backups become well. You need to run it from an
simpler. Upgrades get easier. If Ubuntu Live CD, Parted Magic or
only there was a way to separate System Rescue CD because your

8
You can click-and-drag on the Live CD session and we'll move
partition graphic to set the things around under the
partition size or type a number in temporary filesystem it creates.
Still in Parted, select the New
the New Size box; it measures in Open a terminal; make a new
option and specify your partition for
megabytes so you want a number directory as a placeholder, then
the new /home. It uses the same
in thousands for gigabytes. Tab mount the new partition under it:
dialog box.
out of the box to update the
sudo mkdir /mnt/newhome
Parted dialog. When you're happy, stick with one type of
click on the Resize/Move button filesystem. If your main partition is sudo mount -t ext3
(bottom-right) to confirm your ext3 – which is a good safe choice – /dev/hda3 /mnt/newhome
settings. Nothing happens until then create the new partition as
you click on the Apply button in Then do the same for your
ext3. If you're on ext2 or Reiser, keep
the main window. main filesystem partition:
the new partition the same. All the
Parted versions show the partitions sudo mkdir /mnt/oldhome
colour-coded by type on-screen.
sudo mount -t ext3
/dev/hda1 /mnt/oldhome
We need to use sudo for most
of these commands as they
need root permissions to run.

Note the partition names, making Change directory into to the


sure you know which is the old and oldhome mountpoint:
the new. In my example
cd /oldhome
This may take a while. Each hda1 is oldhome
Since the “/home” directory
section in the progress box is hda3 will be the newhome will have hard links, soft links,
expandable so you can see what's files and nested directories, a
happening at every stage. regular copy (cp) may not do the
Quit Parted. We're still using our job completely, so we'll use a

9
different method. Take a deep --null expect to receive filenames
breath: containing spaces
sudo find . -depth -print0 | --preserve-modification-time Make sure everything has
sudo cpio --null --sparse -- keeps all the 'last modified moved cleanly before this step!
preserve-modification-time - timestamps' intact through the copy The folder name '/home' is a
pvd /mnt/newhome/ process. significant reserved name in the
filesystem and we need to
What this does is to string two Then: rename the old /home so that
commands together:
p is for pass-through or 'by-pass the our regular Ubuntu session can't
find is a native command that archive step' and copy direct to mount it when we reboot - we
follows the pattern 'find <where- destination want it to use the new one:
to-look criteria> <what-to-do>.'
v is verbose - list the files copied on- sudo mv /oldhome/home
The period is the end of the
screen; /oldhome/home_backup
<where> clause, so by default
look at everything in the current d specifies make-directories - create The move command 'mv' is a
folder (remember we're in the the corresponding folders in the shorthand way to rename a file
/oldhome/home folder structure). destination folder. or folder. The original home is
still there under a different
-depth says search all the way to Finally the /mnt/newhome/ is the name. Nothing deleted yet.
the lowest level of the folder tree destination folder for the copied files.
-print0 is to include file names This copies everything while
with spaces preserving the last modification Create a new placeholder in
timestamps. the filesystem where the new
The pipe '|' redirects the output
/home will be mounted:
of the find to be the input for the
cpio command which always takes sudo mkdir /oldhome/home
its instructions from a prior
Having copied what we need, we Mount the new home under
command.
unmount it in order to re-mount it in this placeholder:
So: the right place later. sudo mount /dev/hda3 /home
cpio is the copy command sudo umount /mnt/newhome You should find all your

10
personal files looking exactly as options. Amend this for your partition What if it doesn't work?
they did before. This is fine and name and filesystem.
There are two real possibilities:
dandy for the Live CD session, but
If Gedit gives you trouble saving
now you have to make this 1. You messed up the find |
this change, then my fall-back is a
permanent for when you reboot cpio copy command and not
character-mode text editor such as
into your regular Ubuntu desktop. everything ends up where it
Vi or Nano, which are on the Ubuntu
Otherwise the new home won't be should; the filesystem can't
Live CD:
mounted and you won't see your mount what it can't find!
Ubuntu desktop! sudo nano /etc/fstab
Go to the bottom of the file, add
the line, and then save and quit --
the key-strokes are control-o, enter,
We have to modify the
control-x.
/etc/fstab file. Fstab is the File
System Table, the quick lookup
the Ubuntu kernel uses like its 2. You messed up your
school register to see who's in Close the Live CD session, then
/etc/fstab and didn't configure it
class, what their names are and reboot into your regular Ubuntu
correctly - I have done this.
where they sit, except fstab lists session. Make sure everything is
drives and partitions, not school working right, / is mounted
kids. The command: where we specified, and all folders
are accessible.
sudo gedit /etc/fstab
opens the Gedit text editor so
you can add the line for your new You've now got two copies of home
partition: on your system, so if you're satisfied
the new one is good, clear out the
/dev/hda3 /home ext3 old:
nodev,nosuid 0 2
sudo rm -r /old_home
This line essentially says
'mount /dev/sda3 under the This deletes the original home
folder and contents. in place of the nodev,nosuid
mountpoint /home,' with some
options, as in:

11
/dev/sdb2 /home ext2 sudo cp -R don't think this takes the place
defaults 0 2 /recovery/home_backup of backups; regular backups are
/recovery/home still crucial.
Of course, item #3 means you
still can't identify the problem, in sudo cp
which case recovery is required. /recovery/etc/fstab_backup
/recovery/etc/fstab
Boot up the live CD, go to a
terminal, and type: And relax... occasionally earns
money as a project manager,
sudo mkdir /recovery There it is: / on its own business analyst and technical
partition. You can do the same for trainer. He also coaches fencing in
sudo mount -t ext3 /dev/hda1 the New Forest, Hampshire,
any part of your filesystem if you
/recovery England.
want to segregate the contents - just

DOWNLOAD 8.04

12
HOW-TO CREATE YOUR OWN
Written by Daniel Lamb
SERVER - Part 7

W
e are now going to install The script will run through some pre- This should be setup via mysql
eGroupware onto your installation tests. Some of the items server settings within webmin.
server. This will give us a will pass and some will have
Choose a username and
groupware server which can warnings.
password for the 'Configuration
function like Exchange by
Click the 'continue to the Header User'. This is the account you'll
connecting an email client such
Admin' link at the bottom to use to manage the
as Thunderbird to it via IMAP, and
continue. You should now be on the configuration. For this example,
connecting Sunbird to the
setup page. The 'Server Root' and we'll use the same username
calendaring service via icalsrv.
'Include Root' should be correct. You and password as the header
First of all, we will need to copy
can leave the admin user set to manager.
icalsrv into the eGroupware
'admin' and create a password. This
installation folder. To do this, use Click the 'Write config' button
will be the account you use to login
these commands: to create the header file. You
to the header manager. Change
should get a screen saying that
wget 'Persistent Connections' to 'False'.
your header file was created.
http://downloads.sourceforge. Scroll down to the database
net/egroupware/eGroupWare- information section, and enter the You should now be on the
1.4.004.zip?modtime=120830122 information for the database you eGroupware login page for the
9&big_mirror=1 created in step #1. In this example, control panel. Enter the admin
we'll use the following information: information into the
unzip eGroupWare-1.4.004.zip
and now cp eGroupWare- - Stays the same. Setup/Config fields to login to
1.4.004/icalsrv the setup control panel.
- Stays the same.
/usr/share/egroupware -r Click the 'Login' button to
Now we can access the continue. You should now be on
installer. In this example, we'll the setup screen for your
point to: eGroupware. It will tell you that
http://yourserver/egroupware/setup/.
the database is working but you

13
Click the 'Save' button to save
don't have any tables installed. these settings. You should now be
back at the eGroupware setup page.
Click the 'Install' button to Click the 'Back to user login' link at
create the core tables. The script the top left of the screen. If you get
will create the core tables. If you an error message saying that the
don't receive any error messages, lock function failed, create a support
then it was successful. ticket on the help page with the
Click the 'Re-check My name of your database, and lock
Installation' button to continue. access will be granted to your
The setup page will refresh and database. Refresh the page once lock
you'll see that all of the stages access has been granted. You should
have been complete. now be at the login page. Enter the
information you created for your
Click on the 'Click here to setup admin account.
1 admin account and 3 demo
accounts' link to continue. Enter
the information you would like to
have for your admin account.
Check the 'Create demo accounts' daniel.lamb@openyourwindows.com
checkbox to create the demo
accounts.

owns and runs


and is based in
Perth, Scotland. He is also
Click the 'Login' button to login to involved in a number of open
your eGroupware. You should now be source projects such as
at the admin control panel for your ,
and .
eGroupware management system.
eGroupware is now installed. He is also a committed Leeds
United fan.

14
HOW-TO USING GIMP - Part 4
Written by Ronnie Tucker

T
his month, we will discuss works. The background is on one Below the list of layers, you
probably the most powerful sheet, the character on another will see several icons. Think of
feature of GIMP: Layers. If sheet and any foreground details on these as shortcuts to menu
you can grasp the concept of a third sheet. Stack them properly options.
layers and work them to your and you will have the character with
advantage, you can create the foreground on top of it. Same
anything. with GIMP layers.
First, let's make sure we have If you open an image in GIMP, and From left to right they are:
our layers window showing and display the Layers tab (or window), Create New Layer, Raise Layer,
ready to use. you will see that your image is Lower Layer, Duplicate Layer,
displayed as a single layer with the Anchor Layer and Delete Layer.
If you don't name 'Background'. Those are pretty self explanatory.
have the layers
tab available to Using the selection tools from
you, click File > last month's article, I'm going to
Dialogs > use the circle tool to select the
Layers in the planet.
main menu.
Here's how layers work: think of
each layer as a transparent sheet
of plastic. The idea is that you
draw all your different things on
separate sheets of plastic then
stack the plastic sheets in a
particular order to achieve your
result. Similar to how an animator

15
And from the menu choose Edit If I hide the original 'Background' to differentiate between the two
> Copy, then Edit > Paste image, you can see that the planets.
selected, copied and pasted planet is
now on its own, completely separate, : If you have two images
layer. Our first new layer! open, you can drag and drop
layers between them!
You can copy from one image
and paste in to another image.

You can see that I now have a


new layer (named 'Floating
Selection'), but it needs to
become permanent, so click the
New Layer icon. It now has a
preview icon, and is automatically
renamed to 'Pasted Layer'. If you
want to rename a layer, just
double click on its name, and
Don't worry about the two-tone, Let's create
enter a new name, followed by
chess-board pattern in the a new blank
the Enter key.
background. It's just there to signify layer. A new
complete transparency. layer is
created
So now, with the planet selected,
above the
I'll click the Duplicate Layer icon to
layer you are
give me a second planet. To move
currently on,
the layers, you use the Move tool,
so I'm going
select the layer you want to move,
to select my (hidden)
then click and drag it into place. I'll
Background layer and then click
use some of our color altering
the New Layer icon. Up pops the
techniques to change the color of
New Layer window (above).
one planet to make it easier for you

16
From top to bottom: We give lays down the 'Space' layer, on top of Each layer can have one
the layer a name (preferably that it puts the blue planet layer, 'mode' applied to it. These are
something descriptive! I'll call and, finally, on top of that the orange listed in the drop-down menu
mine 'Space'); Width and height planet layer. above the Opacity slider. Have a
we won't bother with just now, as play with these effects. You can
we want the layer to be the full get some nice looking accidents
size of the image; Layer Fill Type with these modes.
we will leave as transparent. You
can choose white, or one of your
foreground or background colors
if you wish. Now, I'll make my
foreground color black and fill my
'Space' layer with black color.
When saving, you want to make
So sure you save your image in the Above
now I GIMP format (XCF). The next time is the basics of layers. No doubt,
have you load the image you will still have we'll talk more about them in
two all the layers intact for manipulation. future articles, but, for now,
planets Saving as JPG or PNG will flatten the have a play with copying and
out in image and you will lose your layer pasting, raising and lowering
space. I information, so always keep an XCF layers, and moving them to
don't version! To save, create a pleasant composition.
need you click File >
the original image any more, so I Save As from the
select that layer and click the menu, and make
Delete Layer icon. absolutely sure
the filename
So what if I wanted the orange
ends in .xcf
planet in front of the blue planet?
(right). is Editor of
I click the orange planet layer, magazine, a proud Kubuntu
then click the Raise Layer icon. Many effects can be applied to user, and part-time artist whose
layers to make them even more gallery of work can be seen at
Think of your layers as going
powerful. Try moving the Opacity www.RonnieTucker.co.uk.
from bottom to top. So first, GIMP
slider (above the list of layers).

17
HOW-TO GRUB 101
Written by Damon Rios

F
or a variety of reasons, you CD which contains GRUB. In eight Type:
may need to repair your steps, you will have your GRUB
root (hdx,x) <output of
master boot record (MBR). menu back.
find command>
Some of the common reasons
include: Then:
Boot the CD and open a terminal.
a) Installing or reinstalling setup (hd0)
Windows after you have installed
Followed by:
your Linux system (you will boot
right into Windows, without an Type:
quit
option to use Linux). grub
And finally:
b) Using PartImage to clone Then:
partitions to a new drive, as reboot
explained in issue 12 (you will get find /boot/grub/stage1
What do steps 5 and 6 do?
an error message, usually “No The output of the find command is Step 5 tells grub what partition
operating system found”). important, as you will use it in Step to boot from, and step 6 writes
c) Installing another Linux distro, Five. Alternatively, you could mount that information to the master
and forgetting to configure the your partition, open boot record of the first hard
bootloader to not overwrite the /boot/grub/menu.lst (from the hard drive.
MBR, something I typically do drive, not from the root of the live
(you will get the new bootloader, environment), scroll down to the
which may not have your Ubuntu uncommented line that says “root When you reboot into your
system as an option). (hdx,x)”, close, umount, and system, open a terminal and
continue. If you know which partition enter:
you need, you can skip this step.
sudo <your favorite editor>
Not to worry, if you have a live /boot/grub/menu.lst

18
Below are two example entries
(for both Windows and Linux) that MY STORY UBUNTU
are included in the menu.lst file.
# title Windows
Written by Travis Moore
SAVES THE DAY
95/98/NT/2000

U
# root (hd0,0) buntu saves the day! As going to be displayed was a
# makeactive clichéd as it sounds, Ubuntu Windows Executable file (not a
# chainloader +1 has, once again, won my plain PowerPoint Presentation).
# heart. I was at a friend's house, who Thinking quickly, I installed Wine
# title Linux at the time was doing a travel and was able to get the
# root (hd0,1) agency party/meeting. Her parents presentation working in a flash.
# kernel /vmlinuz are starting up a travel agency Then another issue: the
root=/dev/hda2 ro website, which should be making presenter wanted to use a
nearly $1,000 (~£500) a week. Her clicker, you know, one of those
Copy and paste to the bottom wireless things that allow you to
mom, the main business woman,
whichever you need, uncomment navigate presentations and such
was fruitlessly trying to get her
all of the lines (remove #), change without having to use the mouse
laptop to work with a VGA to HDMI
the line “root (hd0,1)”, as needed, and keyboard. Well, I thought my
converter, then a HDMI to DVI.
and give it a try by booting into luck was out, but I plugged it in
Something was being lost in the
your other partition(s). anyway. I couldn't believe it, it
middle of that, because all we were
getting was the disappointment of a worked! Then came a DVD,
black screen. I said, “I know how to which I had already taken care of
is finishing a by installing libdvdcss.
Baccalaureate degree in Computer fix that.”
Information Systems. His area of I brought my laptop with a To make a long story short: the
specialization is networking, presentation went well. Hardy
graphics card suitable for HDMI to
including setting up and maintaining
servers, but he cannot stand DVI work. Of course, it was running Heron, combined with Envy and
programming. He has been using Hardy Heron, and I also had Envy Wine made all presentation
Linux (Ubuntu) for about a year, and installed so that my Nvidia card problems vanish. I thank the
has contributed to FCM as both a would play nicely. I connected the teams who work on these
writer and a proofreader. HDMI cable, set it to TwinView, and it projects.
worked! Then I ran into another
problem: the presentation that was

19
MY STORY FROM MICKEY'S ABC
Written by Andrew Min
TO KUBUNTU

I
'll admit it. I was always a at the book. It So I searched
computer geek. Ever since I depicted a system the
threw a tantrum over my that looked like
Mickey's ABCs game — Mom DOS and included
wanted me to get off, but I didn't some screenshots [2] for "KDE"
— I've been involved with of what must and found an
computers. But I really started have been KDE openSuSE
getting into them when I 1.0 (right). I image. I
discovered Microsoft Publisher XP, decided then that downloaded
a program that tried to make I didn't want to it, ran it, and
desktop publishing easy for users. run Windows 3.1. fell in love
It never really took off, but I loved with KDE.
A few years
it. One day, I found out how to later, I had gotten into the instant There was a problem,
make a Web page. Then I decided messaging craze. However, I didn't however. I didn't want to replace
to go to the library to learn how to want an official client. I wanted a Windows yet. And the virtual
create a better Web page. I client that ran AIM, ICQ, MSN, Yahoo machine wasn't working, since I
picked up and Skype, and included voice chat had only 512MB of RAM. I
[1], and fell in love for each. And I found experimented with running
with programming. one: (left). Puppy Linux from a USB drive,
As I fell more in love with That was when I but I gave up in disgust when I
computers, I found more realized that it was saw the JWM window manager. I
programming books. One day in only for Linux. Then I also tried installing Slax, but
2003, I discovered an old O'Reilly remembered hearing back then it was much harder to
book about Linux (can't about something install to a hard drive, and I gave
remember the exact title). called VMWare being up as well.
Unbeknownst to me, it had been able to run Linux
written years before. I took a look inside of Windows. Then in 2006, I found an
article in PCWorld about Ubuntu.

20
I read how wasn't worried Oh, and ironically, I don't even
easy it was to about use Kopete any more.
use, and Windows.
[1]
decided it Once Kubuntu http://www.redwall.org/dave/davesbook
was for me. was installed, I .html
But there was fell in love with [2] http://www.vmware.com/appliances/
one problem. it. The
I hated the package
brown theme. manager (even
is a Christian, an
Then, I found SuSE's YaST
American, a student, and a huge
out that there isn't as good
Kubuntu fanboy. Find out more
was a KDE as aptitude),
about him at
sibling called the stability
http://www.andrewmin.com
Kubuntu. I (no crashes
immediately every five
ordered five CDs of Dapper Drake minutes), and the speed (contrary to
(right) from ShipIt. my own belief, Kubuntu actually was
faster than XP) combined
It took months for ShipIt's
to make it an operating
package to arrive. When it did, I
system worthy of
was so nervous that I kept putting
replacing Windows. Since
it off. I finally summoned enough
then, I've tinkered around
courage to install it on a Saturday
with different operating
in February 2007. Before I did,
systems, but they all had
however, I learned that Edgy Eft
problems -- MEPIS used
had been released. I burned a CD
outdated software, SuSE
and installed Kubuntu 6.06. It
used an annoying YaST
wiped my hard drive. Happily, I'd
package manager, and
had the foresight to back up, so I
Freespire was just all-
reinstalled Windows XP and
round, bad. Kubuntu ain't
Kubuntu. In the process, I found
perfect, but it's the best
out that Windows XP gets a lot
I've seen so far.
faster if you reinstall it. But soon, I

21
REVIEW HP PHOTOSMART
Written by Ronnie Tucker
C3180 PRINTER
After powering on the printer and
plugging in the USB cable to my PC,
Kubuntu Hardy automatically
detected the printer, told me it was a
C3100 series from HP, and then
displayed a printer icon (below) in
my tray and also a bubble telling me
it was configured and ready to use! It
really was that easy.
Clicking the printer icon
gives access to the print
jobs.

H
aving done my research for
After installing the black and color
a nice, cheap, Linux- Getting the printer to scan
cartridges (which come with it), the
compatible printer, on caused me a few moments of
printer automatically spat out a test
Google and Ubuntu Forums, I head-scratching, but this was
page. This showed that the various
decided upon the HP Photosmart because I didn't have SANE
colors were working effectively, as
C3180. installed. SANE is a scan
was the rest of the printer.
It's an 'all-in-one' printer, application that effectively sits
meaning it can print (like a normal Next, I opened a document in between other applications and
printer), scan (like a flatbed OpenOffice. I clicked print (above the scanner. I installed and
scanner) and copy (like an office right) and it worked! Easy as pie. loaded up SANE, did a preview
photocopier). I should also Then I decided to copy one of the scan, selected an area, clicked
mention that the copy function pages I'd just printed. I put the paper scan and that was it! I loaded up
can be used even while the PC is on the scan area and pressed the GIMP and, after installing SANE,
off. Unlike the more expensive copy button. It worked! By now, I was it now had the necessary option
models, this one does not do fax. getting suspicious -- this was just too to acquire from the scanner.
good to be true.

22
Looking at the printer itself, it The copy buttons give you quick method is to fill in the page to
has two main lights on top which access to altering the paper type, the select the thumbnails you want
alert you when the paper is out or copy quality, the copy size, and the printed as photos, and then put
the ink is low. It also has a number of copies to produce. Below the page into the scanner to
number of buttons on it: those are two more buttons for enable it to detect (using OCR I
copying in color or in black. The last assume) what you filled in on
button is for scanning. the page, and to print your
request. How can this be done in
On the front of the printer are
Linux? I have no idea. The card
several card slots:
slots still allow you access to
your photos via GIMP or
whatever photo album software
you use.
I'm not sure if it was always
there, or added during detection,
but I spotted an HP Device
Manager (below) application in
my Kubuntu menu.
These work just like a card reader,
so my USB card reader is now
redundant. Since there is no
screen (to view your photos)
on the C3180, you press the
thumbnails button on the
front of the printer (it flashes
when you insert a card), and
out will come a page (or
pages) with thumbnails of
your photos. Now, this is
where we seem to find a
Windows/Mac only option. The

23
Max Printing Speed - Up to 22 ppm
(mono) / up to 20 ppm (colour)
This gives access to the main Device Type - Copier / printer / scanner
Ink Cartridge Configuration - 1 black
print, copy, and scan functions Printing Technology - Ink-jet - colour - cartridge, 1 colour cartridge (cyan,
(with a handy function to let you photo magenta, yellow)
queue up files to print), but also Monthly Duty Cycle (max) - 1000 Colour - 4 or 6-ink
to status and supply reports (ink impressions
levels), tools (test pages, clean Office Machine Features - Print from
Ink Type - HP Vivera Inks
and align the cartridges), and memory card Scan Element - CIS
print settings (for print quality).
Width - 43.4 cm Optical Resolution 1200 x 2400 dpi
I really can't fault the printer at Depth - 29 cm Interpolated Resolution - 19200 x
all. It installed so simply that I 19200 dpi
Height - 16.2 cm
was suspicious of it. I tried all the Grey Scale Depth - 8 bit
basic features (printing, scanning, Weight - 5.1 kg
Colour Depth - 48 bit
and copying) and they worked Localisation - Western Europe
easily and flawlessly. Max Original Size - 215 x 297 mm
Memory - 32 MB
Original Type - Sheets
Max Supported Memory 32 MB
Min Copy Size - 77 x 127 mm
I bought my HP C3180 from Supported Flash Memory - Memory Stick,
eBuyer.com for £35 (~$70). New CompactFlash, SD Memory Card, Max Copy Size - 215 x 610 mm
MultiMediaCard, xD-Picture Card, Memory
ink cartridges are approximately Stick Duo
Min Copy Weight - 75 g/m2
£15 each (~$30). Max Copy Weight - 236 g/m2
Max Copying Speed - Up to 22 ppm
(mono) / up to 20 ppm (colour) Supported Media Type -
Transparencies, envelopes, plain
Max Copying Resolution - Up to 600 x 600
paper, cards, labels, iron-on
dpi (mono) / up to 4800 x 1200 dpi
transfers, photo paper
(colour)
Standard Capacity - 100 sheets
Max Document Enlargement - 400%
Output Trays Capacity - 50 sheets
Max Document Reduction - 50%
Speed Details - up to 22 ppm ( A4 ) -
Maximum Copies - 50
B/W draft ¦ up to 20 ppm ( A4 ) -
Inkjet Technology - HP Thermal Inkjet colour text and graphics draft
Max Printing Resolution - Up to 1200 x
1200 dpi (mono) / up to 4800 x 1200 dpi
(colour)

24
MOTU INTERVIEW MATHIAS GUG
Taken from

Behind MOTU is a site featuring interviews with those known as 'Masters of the Universe' (MOTU). They are the volunteer army of
package maintainers who look after the and software repositories.

kernel. I’ve never left since then. they’re all outlined. And last, but
not least, the irc channels
(#ubuntu-motu and #ubuntu-
devel), are great resources. I
I installed Ubuntu one and half years always find someone to help me
ago, it was Xubuntu 6.06 IIRC. there.

I was hired by Canonical as the first Being part of a great team trying
member of the Ubuntu Server Team to deliver the best of the free
28
last May. I started packaging software world. There are lots of
Montreal, Canada
AppArmor and other server-related interesting challenges when it
mathiaz
software — which led me to become comes to packaging - you get to
a member of the MOTU team. learn how things work under the
hood.
The first time I saw linux was in
1997, Redhat IIRC. The first time I
downloaded it was in September
I’m using the packaging guide from Start simple, start small. Pick
1999, Debian. But I gave up after
help.ubuntu.com, the Debian New one bug or one package and try
a couple of weeks. I came back
Maintainer Guide, and the Debian to fix it. Ask for sponsorship, and
during summer of 2000 with
Policy. For processes, I just keep you’ll learn a lot of things in no
Mandrake Linux and the 2.4
referring to wiki.ubuntu.com where time.

25
Most of them are in the server area -
I’ll keep on working on security with Among others things, I go swing
AppArmor. Server hardware testing is dancing several nights a week,
One of the projects I’ll try to work another area I’m interested in. both in Montreal and in other
on is a better packaging places in North America. I’m also
framework for web applications. a big traveller: I’ve just returned
So that such application can be from an eight month
added to the universe easily and backpacking experience in Asia
in a consistent manner. covering Mongolia, Tibet, Nepal
Plutarch quoting Socrates and India.

ubuntu
forums
.org

26
UBUNTU WOMEN
Written by Emma Jane Hogbin

community is a Code of Conduct domino effect of bad behavior


(CoC) that governs our behavior [1]. that extends much further than
It is simple and elegant. There are the original interaction. By
six main points in the code: Be remembering to govern myself
considerate. Be respectful. Be according to the CoC, I enable
collaborative. When you disagree, others to participate in the same
consult others. When you are unsure, way. I encourage everyone to
ask for help. Step down considerately. join me in reading the CoC at the
Recently, the Ubuntu Women beginning of every month —
discussion list had an interesting let’s see how far we can spread
exchange about the Code of Conduct the good behavior too!
entitled “How has the Code of [1]
Conduct Helped You?” [2] [3]. The http://www.ubuntu.com/community/con
responses showed a disconnect duct
between our eagerness to sign the [2]
code, and our apathy towards https://lists.ubuntu.com/archives/ubunt
upholding it. u-women/2008-June/001594.html
[3]
The Ubuntu community is full of https://lists.ubuntu.com/archives/ubunt
life, and is a delight to participate in. u-women/2008-July/001598.html
Sometimes, though, I am not the
epitome of the behavior defined in

F
the CoC — whether it’s cracking builds and
or me, the Ubuntu logo
jokes with friends in an IRC channel supports on-line communities
represents freedom and using open source software. She
or engaging in passion-fuelled
community. The word itself lives in rural Canada and
debate, I sometimes forget to rein
means “Humanity towards chronicles her adventures at
myself in. When I slip, I enable www.emmajane.net.
others.” Within the Ubuntu
others to slip too. This can start a

27
UBUNTU YOUTH The future of open source is in the young people of today; that's
why this corner of the magazine is for young people or simply
Written by Uwe Hauck those who are young at heart.

I
am a long-term Linux First contact was made!
aficionado. My first contact was I use a Sony Vaio VGN-FZ31J
in the early 90s with the early DualCore notebook, perfectly
versions, but that was more of an supporting nearly everything
academic interest as I was despite the NVIDIA graphics
studying Computational card, which works well but still
Linguistics and Artificial waits for the dimming feature. In
Intelligence by that time, and, in addition, I couldn’t resist buying
my department, the OS of choice an ASUS EEE PC 700 -- my
was Unix. sidekick in the office, and my
I moved on, got married, had surfboard on the couch. And it is
children, and about six years ago desktop PC. Sure enough, she liked great! Having installed Ubuntu
my interest in Linux grew again. it, and became a computer addict, on the EEE, I can do everything
My first contact was SuSE, but, and the perfect match for a nerd like on the road. It even supports
with Feisty Fawn, I made the me. Compiz Fusion out of the box! It
switch to Ubuntu. has become my media centre,
We are running four machines at
portable video player,
My wife was not so much into the moment — all equipped
information centre (on the road),
computers at that time; she was exclusively with Ubuntu, with the
and much more. Even watching
always fearful of viruses and exception of the family PC, which still
TV is possible with the Zattoo
catching Trojans while surfing the has one partition for Windows XP for
player or a DVB-T stick.
Web. So more as a joke, I said those 'special' games the kids like so
"Why don’t you try Ubuntu; it's much. But there is hope. Our oldest At home, I add a USB
safe, easy to use, and you'll love son (aged eight) watched my wife keyboard, mouse and a 21 inch
it". To my big surprise, she the other day playing her favorite widescreen. To my big surprise,
agreed, and I created a partition game, Widelands, and asked: "can I my little EEE PC even supports
with Ubuntu Linux on our family play it too?" 1600x1050 resolutions! As soon

28
as one of my kids needs a access our music collection and the And I am running GCalDaemon
computer for their school work at family documents from a single for Evolution on my notebook,
home, they will get an EEE — or source. The EEE PC and my notebook with multisync and the Bluetooth
something similar — and for sure run F-Spot, so we have our collection plug-in for Sony Ericsson phones.
it will run Linux. With three kids, of family photos with us all the time, That way I can keep the calendar
my reasoning is: for the price of and they become great high-tech and addresses on my mobile
one full-blown notebook we can picture frames in screensaver mode, phone automatically in sync with
afford three EEE PCs with flipping through our family album. I the family calendar on Google
additional keyboard, mouse and have Firefox with Foxmarks, so whenever the phone comes into
monitor. And you can always whatever computer I use, I have all the Bluetooth range of my
easily remove the PC from the my bookmarks with me. notebook.
kids room, should they spend too
Our family calendar runs on And of course, the whole
much time on the computer.
Google Calendar, and with family is equipped with Ubuntu
At the moment, my kids use an Thunderbird, Lightning and Provider merchandise. Why? So no one
Acer Desktop PC with an AMD running on each computer, we all can miss the fact that we are an
Dual Core processor and a triple- have our family dates in sync, Ubuntu family. And, through
boot setup with Windows XP, everywhere. I can even check if my several talks, I have already
OpenSUSE 10.1 and Ubuntu 8.04. extra office hours fit with the family convinced about five of our
My wife uses my 'old' Notebook, a schedule, and I can update my friends and my colleagues to
Samsung R55 DualCore, with - business dates without having any give Ubuntu a try and, yes, three
you guessed it - Ubuntu, and does private dates on my office computer. have made the switch, one of
a lot of correspondence, planning them completely.
our social involvements, surfing
the Web, and, of course, playing
is a software developer
Widelands. We use a wireless and Ubuntero, participating in
print server, so anyone in the translations, bug fixing, and trying to
house can print on the family convince as many people as possible
printer, a Canon MP750, via WLan. to try Ubuntu. He lives in Schwäbisch
Hall, Germany, and is married, with
I have added an USB drive to three kids.
our WLan router that acts as a
network drive so everyone can

29
LETTERS Every month we like to publish some of the emails we receive. If you would like to
submit a letter for publication, compliment or complaint, please email it to:
letters@fullcirclemagazine.org. PLEASE NOTE: some letters may be edited for space reasons.

I
n issue 13 Alessandro LETTER OF THE MONTH Writer of Letter of the Month wins
two metal Ubuntu case badges!
mentioned that his friend's
laptop worked better with

I
Ubuntu. I'm not going for any started using Ubuntu in June of thousands. Then I found
case badges here, but Ubuntu 2006 (Dapper Drake) because I Ubuntu Forums and the
works better. At this moment I run hated Windows' proprietary beginner team. Those guys
a Ubuntu 8.04 server, Ubuntu stuff. I got tired of not being able helped me so much! Since
7.10 on my desktop and Ubuntu to fix bugs myself and not being first using Ubuntu - until today
8.04 on my laptop. To make a able to get updates until Tuesday - I have great appreciation for
long story short, on the desktop, of the following week. I finally said the Free and Open Source
the HP-5L laser printer prints "forget this" and went on a search. community and developers.
better in Ubuntu, the tv-tuner I found SUSE Linux first, but due to Ubuntu is awesome, and I do
works seamlessly (in Windows its its non-user-friendly approach I not believe I will change
proprietary drivers have a sound went searching again. I finally because of the amazing
problem), and that's not all came across Ubuntu and, of support from the community
because the sound card drivers course, when I first began using and Canonical.
from Ubuntu send a better signal Ubuntu I had a few problems - one
to the speakers. And it is all for or two compared to Windows
free, free as in free speech of
course, but in this case it's free as
in free beer.
just a small deed for what Ubuntu experience proved, without this
I've been dual booting Windows gave me instead. piece of software working, the
and Linux since 2004 but Ubuntu computer is useless:
got me Windows free about 6

I
months ago. Last month I even I got the Windows Paragon
think a useful article for a future
got a friend of mine to switch to Partition Manager last week to
edition should cover the GRUB
Ubuntu 7.10 on her old PC. It's get back space required for XP
bootloader as my recent

30
from one of the two Ubuntu it took me so long to sort out the these have been resolved, but in
partitions - on the first laptop this players with previous versions up to the meantime I'm for an easier
worked fine, Paragon brought the 7.10 which worked. computer experience (life) with
message to reboot to complete XP, where I don't have to think
I downloaded GParted in Ubuntu, that much or worry whether the
which it did in the blue checkdisk
but couldn't figure out the program
screen in XP. laptop will reboot again after the
to delete and resize partitions, with
latest changes.
However in the second laptop, no help menu, and it didn't seem
Paragon decided to complete very user friendly like Paragon's.
within XP and on rebooting I just
Each week there's more and more Ed:
got a message about GRUB
space required for security fixes and
loading but with
upgrades in the
error 17 (whatever
that means). I only I'll be back with latest 8.04 version,
got things up and Ubuntu when these seems like it's
running again by have been resolved... averaging 80Mb a

J
week, so eventually I ust a suggestion for the
booting the Ubuntu
thought I'll be running out of disk magazine: how about an
CD, manually deleting the Ubuntu
space, especially as previous article explaining clearly how
partitions in the setup and letting
versions are kept in another partition to deal with tar.gz, BZ2 etc. I
it complete to reload the boot
automatically - so I'm sticking with know it is in the docs, but it is
menu. Now everything works fine
XP instead for less updates, a higher quite confusing for a beginner.
again and I achieved the extra
resolution display, and a far less
space I wanted for XP. I think it would be nice and
complicated way of getting programs
A few gripes I've got about without worrying about some very useful for the community.
Ubuntu are: the boot menu gets meaningless file names that are
more and more versions added - going to be uninstalled if I install
how do I delete those that don't another program in Ubuntu. Ed:
apply and don't exist anymore or Uninstalling in Ubuntu risks disabling
never used? the whole computer without any
warning notices so I've given up on
With the latest upgrade to 8.04, .
this after one disaster.
the radio players don't work any
more so I've given up with this as I'll be back with Ubuntu when

31
Q&A If you have Ubuntu-related questions, email them to:
questions@fullcirclemagazine.org, and Tommy will answer them in a future issue.
Written by Tommy Alsemgeest

Q Q Q

A A
Yes, you can easily transfer Set the SH file permission

A
them - by copying the files You can fix it by running first to executable:
across to your XP partition from the live cd, or by
or drive from within Linux. You can running it with the -f flag, like
chmod u+x
access your Linux partition from this:
/path/some_linux_installatio
within XP by installing the
sudo e2fsck -f /dev/sda1 n.sh
driver in Windows.
Then run it with:

Q
sh
/path/some_linux_installatio
n.sh
or:
./some_linux_installation.sh

A
Firefox is probably missing
a plugin. Take a look here:
http://ubuntuforums.org/sho
If I download files to
wthread.php?t=766683. Linux, can I transfer
them to Windows XP?

32
MY DESKTOP
Your chance to show the world your desktop or PC. Email your screenshots and
photos to: misc@fullcirclemagazine.org and include a brief paragraph about your
desktop, your PC's specs and any other interesting tidbits about your setup.

I am using a 10 year old Daewoo, Pentium III, 1.0GHz, 384 MB


I've used Ubuntu since Dapper, and now use Gutsy with Compiz RAM, 20GB HD. It has so many hardware problems that it takes
Fusion and Emerald - on a Core 2 Duo 2x2.2 GHZ with 1GB of several tries to properly start Ubuntu. But once it starts, the
RAM and an nVidia GeForce 8600GT. It runs like a charm. I plan machine becomes alive! I mean, I can do so many things with it I
to upgrade to Hardy as soon as the Final hits the Servers. don't want to let it go. I enjoy Ubuntu, and I love that I have the
option of changing its appearance.
I used the wonderful looking icon theme from gnome-
look.org. The Emerald theme was mixed using System-Colors, My theme is a custom collection made up of the following: Black
the dockbar is the Avant Window Navigator. For the Wallpaper, I Plastic (for controls), Vista Mix Dark (for window borders), and
went to theinspirationgallery.com?, and found a pattern, and Human Default (for icons). I found everything, including the
edited it to a Victorian-style dark background image. background, at gnome-look.org

33
MY DESKTOP

Presently, I have Ubuntu 7.10 installed on an Acer Aspire


notebook: 1.60GHz, dual-core, 1GB RAM, 80GB Hard disk, WiFi, Relatively little has been tweaked to achieve this look of my
and Bluetooth. Ubuntu 8.04 desktop. Icons are the 'Tango-style' theme found on
gnome-look.org. The wallpaper is from Interfacelift.com. The
I have a highly customized and personalized installation. The window borders are a modification of 'Humanoid OS X Dark', also
appearance aspects are: Compiz Fusion with the Emerald on gnome-look.org. I modified it to inherit the color of the
window border decoration. Icons are OSX, and the control buttons from the GTK theme colors, and to show a more neutral
theme is Aero-clone. The default panel is neatly tucked away on border on the inactive window - to make the active window more
the top left. Cairo-clock is at the bottom left. AMSN messenger easily distinguished from the rest.
is there too - with the aMSN live skin. And PCMan File Manager
for tree structures and fast access. At the bottom centre of the The GTK theme is the standard theme Clearlooks, with colors
screen I use AWN curve to move between running applications. chosen to match the icons and wallpaper. Drop shadows are due
Applications can be launched from the menu accessible with to the Desktop Effects, as is the transparency of the screenlets.
Super L+Alt key. All running on my trusty Lenovo 3000 n100.

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TOP5 SLIM WEB BROWSERS Your monthly list of Linux games or applications
from the depths of the Internet. If you have an idea
for a list, please email: misc@fullcirclemagazine.org
Written by Andrew Min

Homepage: http://www.gnome.org/projects/epiphany/ Homepage: http://www.dillo.org/


(also If you like simplicity,
known as "GNOME is perfect for
Web browser") is you. It's one of the
one of the best ugliest applications
Web browsers for I've ever seen, but
Gnome users. it takes up the
Based on the now smallest amount of
defunct but window real estate
formerly popular I've ever seen. It's
, also lightning fast,
has full Gnome but that's mainly
support, has tons of extensions, uses the standards- because it doesn't support Java, JavaScript, or CSS.
based Gecko browser engine, and is, overall, a fully Heck, it can't even display some characters! Think of
functional Web browser. While you probably wouldn't it as a graphical Lynx, except that it can display
use this baby in KDE, Epiphany is a wonderful tool if images. That's not to say that is useless,
you're a Gnome user who is sick of Firefox's bloat but however. It's perfect for just getting information when
still want feature-rich browsing. Firefox is slowed to a crawl, and you want the info
now. Yes, I'm American.
When installing , do not use the
package unless you want a Boulder Dash clone. To install , use the package in the Universe
Instead, you should install the repository.
package in the Universe repository.

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Homepage: Homepage:
http://www.arora-browser.org/ Homepage: http://midori.sourceforge.net/ http://kazehakase.sourceforge.jp/
This simple, cross-platform browser is For those who liked 's fast, lightweight, WebKit is blazing fast, but often
one of my favorites on the list, mostly WebKit-powered engine, but didn't like Qt, renders pages incorrectly. Gecko
for its speed. It's blazing fast - even is worth a go. Since it's WebKit, it's (Firefox's engine) renders everything
faster than Firefox 3 in my informal blazing fast. And it also has quite a few except ActiveX, but is fairly slow. That's
tests. It also looks great in both KDE and features - tabs, lots of interface where comes in. Unlike
Gnome. And, for a project with less than customizability, proxies, and a very handy most browsers (which only have one
10,000 lines of code, it's got quite a few form fill. However, it still manages to stay engine), has support for
features, including tabs, bookmarks, and light and unbloated - a lesson many other both Gecko and WebKit, with more
history. You do need to note that it is a browsers should take note of. Note that, like engines like GkHTML, Dillo, and w3m
tad unstable (it's not even in alpha yet). , it is definitely heavy alpha, so only the to come. It also includes a very
brave should install it. powerful GTK interface, complete with
Since it's not stable yet, isn't in
different levels of complexity
the Ubuntu repositories. To install it, add To install , grab the package
(Beginner, Medium, and Expert),
the Backport repositories (go to from the universe repository. You can also
bookmarks, and much more.
Software Sources and check grab the package if you're
"Unsupported updates" in the Updates having some problems debugging it. To install , use the
tab), and then install the latest .deb package in the universe
from the homepage. repository. In Intrepid, you'll also have
has been a Linux addict
since he first installed openSuSE in to choose between
VMWare. Learn more about him at and ,
http://www.andrewmin.com/ since the Hardy version supports only
Gecko.

36
Full Circle Team
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mrmonday@fullcirclemagazine.org
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Samuel Barratt Robert Clipsham
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If you would like to submit news, email it to: Andrew Min Vid Ayer
news@fullcirclemagazine.org
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Friday 29th August.

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