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Abbot, George (Archbishop), 71 absolutist systems, 8, 12, 105, 119 accidie, 13 Acts of the Apostles, 73–4 Admont Abbey, 53–8, 60–2 Aelred of Rievaulx, 16 affects, mimetic representation of, 99–100 Alberti, Fay Bound, 85 Ames, William, 75 amor, 16 see also love ancien régime, 11, 12, 80, 105 Anderson, Benedict, 170 André the Chaplain, 17 Andrews, Walter, 7 anger, 4, 13, 15, 19 as bodily experience, 125–6 gendered representations, 127–30 see also revenge tragedies Anglicanism, 65–6 Anne of Austria, 154–65 anxiety, 15, 16, 74, 147, 156, 160, 166 see also breast cancer, fear of Aquinas, Thomas, 1, 15–18 Summa Theologiae (Aquinas), 15, 18 Archimedes, 89 Aristotle, 15, 18, 51, 189 Armfelt, Gustaf Mauritz, 198, 202 Arnaud, Baculard d’, Liebman, 204 arousal of emotions, 97–9, 103 art, 3–4, 22 see also Watteau, Jean Antoine Augustine, St, 15, 50, 169 Austriasian court, 12 Barber, C. L., 131 Baseotto, Paola, 18 Bateson, Gregory, Steps to an Ecology of Mind, 22

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Baxter, Richard, A Breviate of the Life of Margaret, 160–1 beauty beautiful boy, 36, 38, 38–9, 44–5 cultural uses of, 143–51 and love between men, 135–51 Beguinages, Low Countries, 17 Bellman, Carl Michael, 5, 81, 185–97, 200, 204 Coffeehouse, The, 188 Fredman’s Epistles, 191 portrait by Pehr Hilleström, 186 Bernard, St, 16 Bernard of Clairvaux, De diligendo Deo, 16 Bernart de Ventadorn, 17 Bertran de Born, 17 Beza, Theodore, 68 Bible, 67, 171, 172 blood-feuds, 119–20 Board of Missions, Copenhagen, 176 Bolton, Robert, The Saints Selfe-enriching Examination, 70 Bon, Ottavio, 28 Bonnet, Charles, 92 Bordeau, Théophile de, 87 Bossuet, Jacques-Benigne, 108 Bray, Alan, 142 breast cancer, fear of, 5, 153–66 Anna Seward, 162–4 Anne of Austria, 164–5 Elizabeth Carey, 153–60 Elizabeth Drinker, 165 Mrs Baxter, 160–1, 164 Mrs Cary, 155–60 Queen Caroline, 166 Breitenberg, Mark, 145

– 251 –

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A History of Emotions, 1200–1800 civility (‘politeness‘), and religious conversion, 171–3 Clayton, Charlotte, 166 Clothar II, King of Neustria, 13 Codex Admont 638 (miracle collection), 54–8, 60–2 cognitive passions, 82–4 Colambanus, 14 communication, of emotions, 5, 136 communities, emotional see emotional communities Condillac, 89 construction of emotions, social, 22–3 contrition and humility, 56 conversion, religious, 70, emotional signifiers of, 167–79 conversion narratives, 2, 65–77 and sadness, 169, 176–8 Cook, Alexander, 81 Cornwallis, Sir William, 122, 126, 130 Discourses upon Seneca the Tragedian, 123 courtly society European, 9, 17, 60–2, 86 Ottoman, 39–40 Crane, Elaine, 165 Cranz, David, 179 crying see tears Cubitt, Catherine, 129 Cullhed, Anna, 196 cultural ecologies, 22 cultural encounters, and emotional communities, 167–9 cultural evolution, 22–3 cultural scripts see scripting theory Cuzzoni, Francesca (operatic soprano), 96, 101 cypress tree, symbolism, 30, 31–3, 35, 37, 38 dance, and Sufism, 45 Danish missionaries, to Greenland, 5, 167–79 Daston, Lorraine, 82 De Piles, Roger, 112 de Scudery, Madeleine, 80 Dean, Winton, 101 deceit and sincerity, 5 definitions of emotions, 50

brides of Christ, 58, 60, 61 Bright, Timothy, Treatiste of Melancholie, 73 Brossard, Sebastien, 111 Brown, Keith, 119 Brunhild, Queen of Austrasia, 12–13 Bucer, Martin, 68 Bunyan, John, Grace Abounding, 69, 73, 72 Buoni, Tommaso, The Problems of Beauty, 140 Burke, Edmund, Reflections on the Revolution in France, 198 Burney, Charles, 97 Burton, Robert, Anatomy of Melancholy, 73 Caesarius of Heisterbach, Dialogus miraculorum, 51–6, 58, 63 Callen, Donald, 108 Calvin, John, 66, 67, Institutes of the Christian Religion, 74 Cambridge Platonists, 83 cancer texts on 154–5 see also breast cancer, fear of Caraccioli, La jouissance de Soi-même, 85 Carey, Elizabeth, 153–60 Carey, Mordecai, 153–60 Caroline, Queen of England, 166 Carter Wood, J., 8 Causabon, Meric, 76 cerebralists, inwardness and sensibility, 86–91 Chapman, George Revenge of Bussy d’Ambous, The, 131–3 Tragedy of Bussy d’Ambois, The, 131 Charles, Duke (brother of Gustav III of Sweden), 199, 200 Charles I, King of England, 192 Charles XII, King of Sweden, 183, 188 Charrière, Isabelle de, 91 Charron, Pierre, 108 Châtelet, Mme de, 91 Chrétien de Troyes, Cligés, 17 Christ, brides of, 58, 60, 61 Christianity conversion narratives, 2, 65–77 Danish mission to Greenland, 5, 167–79 hymns and poetry, 173 Church Fathers, lists of ‘emotion words’, 49–50 Cicero, 15, 51, 76, 86, 181

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Index DeJean, Joan, 80 Delany, Paul, 74 Den Förförde Ynglingen (The Seduced Young Man), 184–5 Dent, Arthur, 70 depression, 71, 72 dervishes, 44–5 Descartes René, 83 Description of Greenland, A (Egede), 172–3 Greenland, 169 definitions and descriptions of emotions, 15, 49–50 Desert Fathers, 50 desire, 16 despair, 15, 18, 73, 75, 107, 162, 166, 193 physical effects of, 72–3 and self-examination, 71 see also saints and sinners devil, the, 55–6 dialogues, monastic, 52–8, 63 Dictionnaire de musique en langue française, 111 Dictionnaire portatif de santé, 90 Diderot, Denis, 81, 82, 85 Paradoxe sur le comédien, 81 Rève de d’Alembert, 92 DiGangi, Mario, 151 Dionis, Pierre, 165 display, emotional, 11, 55, 70, 80 Dissanayake, Ellen, 22 Dixon, Thomas, 14 drama religious, 60 see also opera; revenge tragedies Drayton, Michael, Peirs Gaveston, 4, 135–51

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emotion generation, cycle of, 25, 25–7 erotic node, 34–7 political node, 38–42 religious node, 42–4 spiritual node, 44–7 ‘emotion words’ from ascetic practice, 55–6 Church Fathers, 49–50 Latin, 49 medieval, 51 emotional change, theories of, 7–20 emotional communities, 12–14, 19, 61 and cultural encounters, 167–9 foundations for, 173–7 emotional display, 11, 55, 70, 80 emotional ecology, 21, 28–34, 46 emotional repertoires, 2–3 overlapping, 62–3 emotives, 10–11 Encyclopédie De Diderot Et D’alembert, 82, 86–7, 105 Enlightenment, French, 82 Enthusiasme, 3, 76 envy, 13, 146 erotic node, of emotion generation, 25, 34–7 exempla, 51–2, 52–3, 54, 56

family love/bonds, 13 fear, 5, 14–15, 18–19, 52, 61, 77, 90, 162–4 of God and damnation, 69, 71–72, 75–76 see also breast cancer, fear of Feldman, Martha, 97, 103 feminist criticism, 127–30, 132–3 Fenner, William, Treatise of the Affections, 75 Fielding, Henry, Shamela, 204 Egede, Hans, 171, 178 Findlay, Alison, Feminist Perspective on Description of Greenland, A, 169, 172–3 Renaissance Drama, 132 Egede, Niels, 169 Fischer-Lichte, Erika, 96, 97, 103 diary entry, 178 Fletcher, Richard, 119 Egede, Paul, 167, 168, 174, 177, 178 Fontenelle, 88 diary entry, 172, 176 Fortunatus, Venantius, Bishop of Poitiers, 12 Ehrenström, John Albert, 199, 200, 203 Foster, George, 72 Elers, Johan, Mina Tårar (My Tears), 193, 198 Foucault, Michel, 123 Elias, Norbert, 4, 18 History of Sexuality, The, 121 Civilising Process, The, 8–10, 119 Fouquet, Henri, 87 Francesco, Nicola, 96 Emani (Ottoman poet), 37

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A History of Emotions, 1200–1800 Gross, Daniel M., 181 Gustav III, King of Sweden, 5, 81, 185–6, 187, 196, 204 Gustavus Adolphus, 196 Gustavus Eriksson Vasa, King, 182–3 hallucinations and nightmares, 71–2 Handel, Georg Frideric, Guilio Cesare, 4, 96, 98, 99, 100, 101, 102, 103 Harré, Rom, 13 Harris, William, 8 Hartog, François, Mirror of Herodotus, The, 167–8 Harvey, William, 174 hatred, 13, 16 Hayali (dervish poet), 45–6 health intellectual endeavour, and debility, 82–4, 88–91 see also breast cancer, fear of Helfta, nuns of, 17 hell, inner circles, 175–6 Herrad, abbess of Hohenburg, Hortus deliciarium, 51 Hildegard of Bingen, Ordo virtutum, 60 Hilleström, Pehr, 81, 185–97, 204 portrait of Carl Michael Bellman, 186 ‘A woman sits and weeps’, 194 Hindsberger, Mogens, 169 Hjerpe, Johan, 188 homoeroticism, 35, 36, 37, 142, 145, 147, 149, 150, 151 homosexuality, 137, 142, 143 Hooker, Thomas, 67, 68, 74 Hugh of St Victor, 62 Huizinga, Johan, 22 Hume, David, 81, 191, 204 History of England, 192 humoral theories, 4, 5, 84–5, 120–2, 168, 173–4, 176–7 ice, and hell’s inner circles, 175–6 identity, and emotion, 136, 137–43 Inns of Court, London, 124–5, 126–7, 129 intellectual endeavour, and debility, 82–4, 88–91 intellectuals see gens de lettres (intellectuals) intoxication, 45

Francis, St, 17 France French Enlightenment, 82 French Revolution, 11, 80 friendship bonds/ties, 13 politics of, 199–200 and sentimentality, 203–4 Furies, 123, 125 fury, see revenge tragedies Fuzuli (Ottoman poet), 32, 40 Gagnon, John, 22–3 Galen, humoral theory, 5, 122, 168, 173–4, 176–7 Garden of Eden, 42–3, 43 gardens, symbolism, 28–33, 30, 37–9, 40–3, 46–7 gazel (Ottoman love lyrics), 25, 37 gender and beauty, 143–6, 150–1 and desire, 148–50 in early modern opera, 95–104 and emotions, 119–33 in representations of anger, 127–30 as rhetorical tool, 4 sexuality and the body, 4–5 gens de lettres (intellectuals), 3 Bonheur des gens de lettres, Le (Mercier), 89 emotions and emotional display, 80–6 sensibility and inwardness, 86–91 and solitude, 91–3 George II, King of England, 198 Gluck, C. W. R., 192 God fear of, 67, 69, 71, 72, 75, 76 love of, 17–18 Goffman, Erving, 22 grace, working of, 65–77 Greenland Christian mission to Illulisat, 5, 167–79 Description of Greenland, A (Hans Egede), 169, 172–3 Gregory, Bishop of Tours, 12 Gregory the Great, Dialogues, 53 Greuze, Jean-Baptiste, 190 grief, 75, 99, 102, 103, 184, 185

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Index Inuit, conversion to Christianity, 5, 17, 167–74 inwardness and sensibility, 86–91 irony, 18 Isaac of Stella, 16 Islam public, 26, 42, 45 Sufism, 26–8, 44–7 Jaeger, C. Stephen, 9 James, Susan, 83 Jaucourt, Chevalier de, 86 Jean de Meun, Roman de la Rose, 18 joy, 10, 16, 67, 69, 73, 77, 83, 91, 97–8, 100, 103, 145, 172, 185 Jurin, Dr James, 153–60, love and cultural uses of beauty, 143–51 for family and friends, 13 between men, 4, 135–51 physical, and Sufism, 45 poetry, 25, 37, 29, 32–3, 40–2 see also Ottoman love Luchaire, Achille, 9 Luther, Martin, 66, 67, 74, 172 Lutheranism, 5 Lutter, Christina, 65–6 Lutz, Catherine, 13

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Malebranche, 83, 88 Marian miracles, 53–60, 56 Marie Antoinette, 198, 203 Marlowe, Christopher, Edward II, 137, 146, 147 Kaartinen, Marjo, 168 Martello, Pier Jacobo, Della tragedia antica e kaside (Ottoman panegyric), 40–2 moderna, 97 Kauffman, Angelica, Gustaf Adolf ReuterMartyr, Peter, 68 holm (portrait), 201 masculinity, and beauty, 135–51 Kellgren, Johan Henric, 81, 187, 191, 192, Matutinale, ‘The Heavenly Bridegroom and 193 His Bride,’ 59, 60 ‘On Prettiness,’ 191 meditation, and Sufism, 45 Kilby, Richard, 70 melancholy, 13, 73, 76–77, 90–1, 165–6 Kingo, Thomas, 175 Anatomy of Melancholy (Burton), 73 Klaniczay, Gábor, 9 Mennell, Stephen, 8 knowledge-seeking, and emotion, 82–4, 83, Mercier, Louis-Sébastian 85, 93, 93–4 Discours sur la lecture, 89 Le Bonheur des gens de lettres, Le, 89 Lacaze, Louis de, 87 Merovingia, 12 Lambert, Madame de, 86 Micklin, Michael, 21 language, emotional, 23–4, 27, 46, 56, 60, 61 Middle Ages, 12, 15 see also ‘emotion words’ militia Christi imagery, 60 Lecerf de La Viéville, Jean Laurent, 111  mimetic representation, of affects, 99–100 Leijonhjelm, Baron, 195 miracle stories (miracula), 2, 51–2 Lewin, Lieutenant Gustaf, 188 Codex Admont 638, 54–8, 60–2 Lidner, Bengt, 196 performative elements, 56, 60 Death of Countess Spastara, The, 189, Mirimonde, A. P. de, 107 190, 191–2 Mirror for Magistrates, The, 138 Liliequist, Jonas, 8, 81 ‘mirror’ literature (specula), 51 Linklater, Andrew, 8 Misfortunes of Arthur, The, 124, 129, 130 Löfström, Marianne, 204 mission to Greenland, Danish, 5, 167–79 Lönnroth, Erik, 197 Molière, Les Femmes savantes, 86 Lönnroth, Lars, 185 monastic communities Lorry, Anne-Charles, Essai sur l’usage des Beguinages, Low Countries, 17 alimèns, 90, 91 Benedictine order, 53–4

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A History of Emotions, 1200–1800 oral narrative traditions, 53 ‘order of salvation,’ steps in, 68–9, 70 Ottoman Empire, 2, 16, 46–7 Ottoman love, 21–47 attractive bath attendant (beautiful boy), 36 beautiful boy, 36, 38–9, 44–5 beautiful boy proffering flowers to the sultan, 38 beloved women, 35 beloved women and boys, 34–7 emotional ecology, 21, 28–34, 46 Garden of Eden, 43 garden symbolism, 28–33, 30, 37–9, 40–3, 46–7 gazel (love lyrics), 25, 37 kaside (panegyric), 40–2 love poem to the Prophet, 43–4 male and female beloveds, 34 poetry, 29, 32–3 Ottoman symbolism cypress tree, 30, 31–3, 35, 37, 38 ‘elif ’ (Arabic script), 32 gardens, 28–33, 30, 37–9, 40–3, 46–7 trees, 30–3, 37 Ottonian (German) court, 9 Oxenstierna, Johan Gabriel, 192, 197, 199, 203 Paré, Ambroise, 154 Park, Katherine, 82 Pascal, Blaise, Pensées, 108 ‘passions of the soul’, 18 Paster, Gail Kern, 121–2, 133 pathetic, and the sublime, 191–6 Paul, St, 67, 73 performatives, 10 Perkins, William, 18, 67–8, 71–2 Whole Treatise of the Cases of Conscience, 68–9 philosophes, 3, 81–2 pity, 170, 198 Plamper, Jan, 14, 19, 76 Plato, Symposium, 145 Plutarch’s Life of Marcellus, 89 poetry, 17 Christian, 173

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narcissism, political, and sentimentalism, 201–3 Neostoicism, 132 neuroscience, 10 Neustrian court, gazel (Ottoman love lyrics), 12 Neustrian norms, 14 Newton, Thomas, 124 Nonnberg religious community, 49 prayer from, 49, 61 Norland, Howard, 125 Norton, Thomas, Gorboduc (Sackville and Norton), 124, 126–7, 129, 130 Norwood, Richard, Journal, 72 Old Regime, 11, 12, 80, 105 opera, 3–4 construction of gender in, 95–104 opera seria, 96–8, 100, 104

Cistercian order, 16, 51–2 emotions on entering and leaving, 61–2 Helfta, 17 links with world outside, 61–2 Nonnberg, 49, 61 St Georgen, Carinthia, 62 techniques of teaching and learning, 62–3 monastic dialogue tradition, 52–3, 56–8, 63 monastic texts, 2, 49 Montaigne, Michel de, 122 Of Friendship, 146 Monteverdi, Claudio, Orfeo, 110 Montpellier medical school, 85, 87 mood-altering substances, 19 moral concepts, and emotions, 50–1, 55–6 moral philosophy, 15 Motteville, Madame de, 164 Muir, Edward, 9 Muratori, Ludovico Antonio, Della perfetta poesia italiana, 95 music, and arousal of emotions, 97–9, 100–3 mysticism female, 17 Islamic, 26–7, 27–8 neo-Platonic, 27 Sufi, 44–7

Index Death of Countess Spastara, The (Lidner), 189 Mina Tårar (My Tears), 193, 198 Mirror for Magistrates, The, 138 Night Thoughts (Young), 200, 204 Ottoman love poetry, 25, 29, 32–3, 33, 37, 40–2, 43–4, 45–7 Peirs Gaveston (Drayton), 135–51 Psalms, 73 royalist, 196 sentimental and sublime, 189–93 Sufi, 45–6 politeness, and Inuit confession of faith, 172–3, 175, 177 political node, of emotional generation, 25–6, 34–7 38–42 prayer, 49, 50, 51, 56, 60, 61, 63 preachers, saints and sinners, 49–63 pregnancy, of nuns, 60, 61, 62 Propertius, 193 Protestant emotional norms, 18 Prudentius, Psychomachia, 51 psychology of emotions, 10, 15, 71 puritanism, 65–77 Quran, 26, 33, 42, 44

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Sackville, Thomas, Gorboduc (Sackville and Norton), 124, 126–7, 129, 130 sadness, 5, 13, 15, 27, 75 and religious conversion, 169, 176–8 saints and sinners, 49–63 salvation, 18, 56, 67, 69, 70 Scheffer, Count Ulrich, 199 Schoemaker, Karl, 119 Schoenfeldt, Michael, 132, 133 Bodies and Selves, 121 Scott, Joan, 128 Fantasy Echo, 139 scripting theory, 22–3, 23, 47 seduction, 184–5 Sehi (Ottoman poet), 39 self-control/self-restraint, 8–9, 18, 76, 121–3, 193 self-examination, 66–7, 70, 71 selfhood, conceptions of, 121–3

Reddy, William, The Navigation of Feeling, 10–14, 19, 97, 103, 181, 196, 204 Reformation, 66, 67, 172, 183 regeneration, doctrine of, 67 religious conversion, 70, emotional signifiers of, 167–79 conversion narratives, 2, 65–77 and sadness, 169, 176–8 religious node, of emotional generation, 25, 26, 42–4 religious texts Matutinale, ‘The Heavenly Bridegroom and His Bride,’ 59 Speculum virginum, 57 St Trudperter Hohelied, 58 repression and restraint, 8–9, 18, 76, 121–3, 193 Reuterholm, Gustaf Adolf, 5, 81, 199, 199–202, 204 portrait by Angelica Kauffman, 201

revenge tragedies, 4, 119–33 counterdiscourses in, 130–3 Gorboduc (Sackville and Norton), 124, 126–7, 129, 130 Hamlet (Shakespeare), 133 Misfortunes of Arthur, The, 124, 129, 130 Revenge of Bussy d’Ambous, The (Chapman), 131–3 Tragedy of Bussy d’Ambois, The (Chapman), 131 Reynolds, Edward, Treatise of Passions and Faculties of the Soule of Man, 75 rhetoric, of tears, 181–205 Richard of St Victor, Beniamin minor, 16 Richardson, Samuel Clarissa, 204 Pamela, 199, 204 Riskin, Jessica, 93 Rodman, John, A Practical Explanation of Cancer, 154 Rosenfeld, Sophia, 80 Rosenwein, Barbara, 24, 50, 51, 61, 65, 67, 77, 119, 120, 168 Rousseau, Jean-Jacques, 83, 173, 198 Confessions (Rousseau), 85 Émile, 199 Rudenschiöld, Magdalena, 202, 203 Russo, Elena, 81

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A History of Emotions, 1200–1800 Sufism, 26–7, 27–8, 44–7, 45 Süleyman, Sultan, 33, 40, 45 Svart, Peder, 182 Swetnam the Woman-Hater Arraigned by Women (anon.), 128 symbolism cypress tree, 30–2 ‘elif ’ (Arabic script), 32 gardens, 28–33, 40–2, 46–7 ice, 176–6 trees, 30–3, 37 Tandefelt, Henrika, 197 tears compassionate, 189–91, 193 false, 198–9 gendered, 183, 193 of King Gustave III, 196–8, 204 of King Gustavus Eriksson Vasa, 183–4 male, 81, 193 as political emotional generators, 181–205 political rhetoric of, 181–205 as royal propaganda, 187–8 of self-pity, 193 and sensibility, 184–5 sentimental, 185–7, 198–9 sublime, 5, 193 as token of passage, 177–8 and weakness, 183 weeping in public, 182, 196–8 women’s, 193–4 temperance, emotional, 76 Tenxwind of Andernach, 60 theories of emotion, 1–2, 7–20 Tissot, Samuel-Auguste, De la Santé des gens de lettres, 90–1 Tolstoy, Leo, War and Peace, 28 Tomlinson, Gary, 95 Travitsky, Betty, 128 Treasure of Pore Men (anon), 154–5 trees, symbolism, 30–3, 37 Trinity, the, 16–17 Vandermonde, 90 Vasa, Gustavus, 197 Victorian work ethic, 18–19 Viéville, Lecerf de, 110

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self-pity, 193 Seneca, 123–7, 130 Agamemnon, 125–6, 130 Thyestes, 129 Senisino (operatic castrato), 96, 101 sensibility and inwardness, 86–91 pathetic, 191 sublime, 81, 94, 191–2, 193 vocabulary of, 86 and weeping, 184 sensuality, 62–3 sentimentality/sentimentalism, 5, 11, 80–6 and friendship, 199–200, 203–4 and political narcissism, 201–3 and tears of compassion, 189–91 Sergel, Johan Tobias, 203 Seven Deadly Sins, 50 sexual identity/identification, 142–3 sexuality, 4, 4–5, 22–3, 34–6 Shakespeare, William, Hamlet, 133 Shore, Jane, 141 Skjöldebrand, Anders Fredrik, 200 Sloane, Hans, 157 Smail, Daniel, 19 Smith, Adam, 154 Smith, Bruce, Homosexual Desire, 143 social construction, of emotions, 22–3 social sciences, 21, 27 sodomy, 137, 138, 142, 142–3, 143, 151 solitude, of gens de lettres (intellectuals), 91–3 Solomon, Robert, 9–10 Song of Songs, 58, 60 Spang, Rebecca, 80 Speculum virginum, 58 spiritual autobiographies, puritan, 67–8, 71 spiritual node, of emotional generation, 25, 26–7, 44–7 St Georgen (nunnery), Carinthia, 62 St Trudperter Hohelied, 58 Stearns, Peter, 8, 18 Stoicism, 15, 76, 83, 132 Studley, John, 125, 126 Sturm und Drang, 191 sublime, and the pathetic, 191–6 suffering emotional, 11–12 psychological and physical, 69, 73, 74

Index Virgin Mary see Marian miracles virtues and vices, 50–1, 55–6, 60 vocabulary, emotional, 23, 27, 46, 56, 60–1 see also ‘emotion words’ Volland, Sophie, 92 Voltaire, 82, 84, 91–2 von Carlsson, State Secretary von, 185, 187, 188 von Engeströ, Lars, 199 von Fersen, Axel, 198 von Platen, Magnus, 191 von Rosenstein, Nils, 193

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weeping see tears Whedon, Pamela W., 96 Whythorne,Thomas, 74 William of Saint-Thierry, 16 Wilson, Rev. John, 142 Wilson, Thomas, 72, 74 Saints by Calling, 70 Wilson, Thomas, conversion narrative, 70, 72, 74 Withers, Robert, 28, 29 Wollstonecraft, Mary, 198 women, and love of study, 86 wonder, 83 Wallington, Nehemiah, conversion narraand delight, music as, 100–3 tive, 71 Woodbridge, Linda, Literature and the Watson, Thomas, Heaven Taken by Storm, 70 nature of Womankind, 128 Watteau, Jean Antoine, 3, 105–17 amour au theater italien, L,’ 117 Young, Edward, Night Thoughts, 200, 204 comédiennes italiens, Les, 115–16, 115 Young, Iris Marion, 136 Fête vénitienne, 113–14, 113 Zati (Ottoman poet), 43 Habits sont Italiens, Les, 116 Zemon Davies, Natalie, 2 Mezzetin, 106, 107–8 sérénade italienne, La, 109–10, 109 Zimmerman, Johann Georg, 90

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