# Experiment No. 8 Sieve Analysis Queenie Gene D. Gadong Date Performed: March 7, 2012 Date Submitted: March 19, 2012 I.

Introduction

A simplistic definition of sieving is the separation of fine material from coarse material by means of a meshed or perforated vessel (Advantech Mfg., 2001). In other words, a certain material is strained to separate the finer from the coarser particles or to reduce the said material to a finer consistency. A mesh or sieve is the screening medium with openings of uniform size and shape made of woven, punched or electrodeposited material.FIGURE1 shows a set of sieves similar to the one used in the experiment. Sieving is actually one of the oldest methods of classifying powders and granules by particle size distribution. Sieve analysis determines the gradation or distribution of aggregate particle sizes within a given sample (WAQTC, 2011). A particle size distribution analysis is a measurement designed to determine and report information about the size and range of a set of particles representative of a material (Particle Technology Labs, 2011). For the calculations, the total mass of the material after sieving, for both coarse and fine portions should check closely with the original mass of sample placed on the sieves (WAQTC, 2011).The percent retained is obtained by dividing the original weight of the sample by the weight retained in each sieve and multiplied by 100 or

The cumulative weight is calculated by subtracting the weight retained on largest mesh size from the original weight of the sample or by subtracting the weight retained on the succeeding smaller mesh size from the cumulative weight passing on the preceding larger mesh size,

or

The cumulative % passing is calculated by dividing the original weight of the sample by each of the cumulative weights then multiplying by 100

not more than one percent by weight of the residue on any individual sieve passed that sieve during 60 seconds of continuous manual or hand sieving.536 0.33 104. The sample was then grinded with the use of a blender for a short period of time such that the end.66 233. (µm) % RETAINED CUMULATIVE WEIGHT PASSING (g) CUMULATIVE % PASSING 10 35 60 80 120 140 200 230 2000 500 250 180 125 106 75 63 0. The sieves were then manually agitated by using the tapping method for a sufficient period so that after completion. The cooled sample was then placed on the top sieve. In the case of larger particles. The calculated values of the weight retained. The cumulative percentage passing (ordinate) versus the sieve opening or mesh size (abscissa) was then plotted and the plot was interpreted and discussed.09 238. Results TABLE1.052 0. the material was limited on the sieve to a single layer of particles.% retained.08 200. III.66 249. Methodology The two groups should use the same material.632 80. The set of sieves was nested in the order of decreasing size of opening from top to bottom. and cumulative % passing. cumulative weight passing. and the sample used was 250g rice.00732 248.464 99.97 248. there was a good mix of fine and coarse materials.236 95. The sample was then dried for 1hour in a cabinet dryer at 103°C and cooled in a desiccator after the said time period.264 93.9817 99. The empty bottom pan was weighed and recorded accordingly.736 6. After grinding. the mesh size 120 CUMULATIVE % PASSING 100 80 60 40 20 0 0 500 1000 1500 MESH SIZE (µm) 2000 2500 .948 99.764 4.87 249.368 19.99268 FIGURE2.II. A plot of cumulative % passing vs. the sample was transferred into stainless tray wherein the sample spread thinly.668 58. The addition of the next larger particles was continued until the final weight obtained was the original weight of the material that was used in the test. The weight of each size increment was then determined by weighing the residue contained on each sieve.412 0.588 99.332 41. SIEVE SIZE MESH SIZE MESH No.

The plot shows the distribution of the particles through the percentage of particles passing a certain mesh size.668 % of the original 250 g rice grain sample retained on largest mesh size.37% of the original 200 g) were larger than 500µm but less than2000µm. sieving is a process which only measures the amount of particles within a specific mesh size. Moreover.waqtc. viewed 22 February 2012. < http://www. 2001. 2011.. UIC. From the calculated results (TABLE1).particletechlabs.85 cumulative % passing). viewed 22 February 2012.67g or 0. Meaning. Thus. It therefore only gives a set of ranges for the sizes of the particles of a material. 2011. a large quantity of particles (145.com/particle-size> Reddy Krishna. Sieve analysis of fine and coarse aggregates FOP for AASHTO T27 (11). perhaps) of each of the particles of the said sample material. viewed 22 February 2012.TABLE1 also shows the cumulative weight passing and the cumulative % passing which presents the amount or percentage of particles passing a certain mesh size.IV.     References Advantech Mfg. a large quantity of materials were smaller than 2000µm. Particle Size Distribution Analyses. Conclusion As a conclusion. the largest particles can be said to be over 2000µm.com/pdf/principles_procedures_manual_with_tables-2. majority of the particles of the rice grain sample were retained on the 500µm mesh size.org/library/documents/aggregate/t27-t11. The plot on FIGURE1 shows cumulative % passing versus the mesh size. From the results of this experiment. viewed 22 February 2012.uic. VI. with only 1. Discussion The characteristics of the rice grain sample used in this experiment now can be described according to its particle size distribution. Test Sieving: Principles and Procedures. From the plot.pdf> V. It does not accurately measure the exact size (in terms of diameter. again basing on TABLE1. it can be observed that a large percentage of particles passed through the 2000µm mesh. it can be noted that almost all of the particles of the rice grain sample passed through the largest mesh size (2000µm). <http://www.advantechmfg. Grain Size Analysis. <http://www.92g or 58. The particle size therefore of the rice grain sample used in this experiment is mostly smaller than 2000µm (with 78. < <http://www. .edu/classes/cemm/cemmlab/Experiment%206-Grain%20Size%20Analysis. 2012.pdf> WAQTC.pdf> Particle Technology Labs.

Annex 1.7379 WEIGHT OF WATER REMOVED = 250-230.92 49.VII. Sample Calculations  % RETAINED MESH SIZE (µM) 2000 500 250 180 125 106 75 63 WEIGHT RETAINED (g) 1.2621 g TABLE2. Raw Data MESH NO. 10 35 60 80 120 140 200 230 2.34 0.03 1.91 11.34 16.67 145.0183  CUMULATIVE WEIGHT PASSING Or . Raw Data WEIGHT OF RICE GRAIN SAMPLE = 250g WEIGHT OF RICE GRAIN SAMPLE AFTER DRYING = 230.  CUMULATIVE % PASSING .7379g = 19.13 0.