MEDICAL TECHNOLOGY • Refers to the diagnostic or therapeutic application of science and technology to improve the management of health conditions

• Technologies may encompass any means of identifying the nature of conditions to allow intervention with devices • Methods to increase life span and/or improve the quality of life: - Pharmacological - Biological • Involves technology to evaluate health status • Medical detectives are under the supervision of pathologists CLINICAL LABORATORY SCIENCE • The use of clinical laboratory tests to detect, diagnose, monitor and treat disease • Blood, tissue, and body fluids can be chemically analyzed and examined for foreign organisms • 85% of all medical decisions are based on the results of clinical laboratory testing Medical Technologist/ Clinical Laboratory Scientist • Perform and use sophisticated laboratory techniques to uncover diseases or monitor medical conditions and relate the data to various disease processes to aid in treating and determining the cause of disease • Are laboratory scientists who are part of the medical team of specialists that work together to determine the presence, extent, or absence of disease • A person who engages in the work of medical technology under the supervision of a pathologist or licensed physician authorized by the Department of health in places where there is no pathologist and who having passed the prescribed course (Bachelor of Science in Medical Technology/ Bachelor of Science in Public Health) of training and examination as registered under the provision of this Act (PRC definition) • Performs a full range of laboratory tests from simple blood tests to more complex tests to even assisting with the uncovering of disease such as cancer (AMT definition)

PHILIPPINE MEDICAL TECHNOLOGY ACT OF 1969 • Practice of Medical Technology in the Philippines: - A person shall be deemed to be in the practice of MT within the meaning of this Act - The fee, salary or other compensation or reward paid is given directly or indirectly - Purpose of professional services: aiding the physician in the diagnosis, study and treatment of diseases, promotion of health in general • Examination of tissues, secretions and excretions of human body and body fluids by various electronic, chemical, microscopic, bacteriologic, hematologic, serologic, immunologic, nuclear, and other lab procedures and techniques either manual or automated • Blood banking procedures and techniques • Parasitologic, mycologic, and microbiologic procedures and techniques • Histopathology and Cytotechnology • Clinical research involving humans require the use of MT knowledge and procedures • Preparations and standardization of reagents, standards, stains and others are exclusively for the use of their laboratory • Clinical laboratory quality control • Collection and preservation of specimens

FIELDS OF SPECIALTY 1. Clinical Chemistry 2. Hematology 3. Blood Bank & Transfusion practices 4. Microbiology (Bacteriology, Mycology) 5. Clinical Microscopy (Parasitology) 6. Histopathology & Anatomic Pathology 7. Immunology & Serology RELATED OCCUPATIONS 1. Analytic Chemist 2. Bacteriologist 3. Biochemist 4. Blood Bank Technologist 5. Chemist

Blood Banks 3. Toxicologist WORKPLACE (Profit and NonOrganizations) 1. MT • Traces the beginnings of MT in 1500 BC: Taenia and Ascaris parasites were mentioned in early writings . MT • An Introduction to the Profession of Medical Technology. Research Assistant 23.agent of taeniasis (beef tapeworm infection) .her book • MT began in Medieval period as supported by the fact that urinalysis was a fad • Urinalysis.book for the treatment of diseases that contains the 3 stages of hookworm infection Ruth Williams.Diabetes mellitus . Hospitals 8.000 mL/day HIGHLIGHTS IN THE HISTORY OF MEDICAL TECHNOLOGY (Ancient Medieval Times) Hippocrates • Greek physician. Laboratories 9.fungi that can be found in urine . Crime Lab Analyst 9. Phlegm 3. Medical Equipment Sales Rep.Ascaris lumbricades. Medical Technologist 17.Diabetes insipidus • Normal urine volume.Taenia. Research institutes Profit • Ebers Papyrus. Microbiologist 18. Physician’s offices 11. Yellow bile 4. 20. Cytotechnologist 10. Hemotherapist 12. Blood 2. Pharmaceutical companies 12.6.Yeast cells. Medical Laboratory Manager 16. Parasitologist 19.causes ascariasis . Histologist 13. used in treatments that aid the success of reattaching severed limbs Pope Innocent VII First unlucky recipient of unsuccessful blood transfusion practices William Harvey Discovered blood circulation. Diagnostic testing companies 6. Health maintenance organizations 7. Clinical Chemistry Technologist 7. Clinical Pathologist 8. Black bile Blood letting • Means of curing most afflictions throughout the medieval ages (until today) • A patient was bled with leeches or by cutting a blood vessel • Study of blood and its cellular elements began during the more enlightened age • Leeches prevent blood from coagulating. Colleges and universities 5.400 to 2. Public Health Specialist 21. 14. Clinics 4.oldest laboratory procedure • The polyuria of diabetes was noted in ancient times • Hindu doctors made scientific observation that urine of certain individuals attracted ants & has a sweetish taste (diabetes was noted as early as 600 BC) . Food and Drug Inspector 11. the era of blood transfusion started Richard Lower HIGHLIGHTS IN THE HISTORY OF MEDICAL TECHNOLOGY (Early Beginnings: Evidence-based researches) Vivian Herrick. Medical equipment manufacturers 10. restores circulation.code of ethics for practicing physicians • Described four “humors” or body fluids in man 1. Medical Librarian 15. the Father of Medicine • Hippocratic Oath. Pharmaceutical Sales Rep. Quality Control Specialist 22. Biotechnology firms 2.

dog Jean Baptiste-Denis Animal.in singles .in pairs .human Human.pasteurization Robert Koch.in pairs 3.in groups of 8 2. it will become an antibody Transfusion Antigen Antibody reactionBlood type A A Anti-B B B Anti-A O None Anti-A and B AB A and B None *The foreign substance is the antibody not present in the blood  Antigen . Spirilla (Treponema pallidum) Motile.animal Dog.used to identify Mycobacterium and Nocardia Gram’s stain.Animal.red cell  Antibody .in groups of 4 .used throughout the laboratory (1850) Jules Duboscq.bacteria moving on its own direction Non-motile.penicillin Acid fast stain.in chains .in chains .his students. Von de Castello and Adriano Sturli discovered the AB blood type using the same experiment Anton Van Leeuwenhoek • (1632-1723) the invention and development of the compound microscope • First to describe RBCs to see protozoa and classify bacteria according to shapes CLASSIFICATION OF BACTERIA 1. Bacilli .gram positive and gram negative Notes:  Antigen .16 year old boy James Blundell Human.developed the 1st visual colorimeter based on beer’s law (1854) BEER’S LAW: the concentration of a substance is directly proportional to the amount of light absorbed and inversely proportional to the logarithm of the transmitted light Louis Pasteur.in cluster .serum Rh Blood Group System  Rh (-) D antigen is absent  Rh (+) D antigen is present .Discovered the ABO blood group system by using the experiment on presence of antigen and antibody in a blood sample .PTB & Cholera Alexander Flemming.1901.women with postpartum hemorrhage Karl Landsteiner .foreign substance that when stimulated in the body. Cocci .bacteria moving due to bombardment of water molecules Marcello Malpighi • (1628-1694) greatest early microscopist • Founder of Pathology HIGLIGHTS IN THE HISTORY OF MEDICAL TECHNOLOGY (1600-1800) • Herman Fehling had a quantitative test for urine sugar (1848) • • • • • • • • Aniline dyes.human Sheep.

transfusion reaction ABO incompatibility. given 72 hours after delivery .rhesus (rhesus monkey) discovered by Karl Landsteiner and Weiner/ Wiener Rh affects next offspring ABO group affects first offspring Rhogum.Amalia Fuentes .Rosanna Roces . Anti-D is produced when Rh+ is added to Rh Caucasians are Rh.Gelli de Belen 450 mL of blood suspended of 63 mL anticoagulant Plasma with the antibodies Packed red blood cell • • • • • • • Plasma extractor Adverse reaction.when the infant has a different blood type compared to the mother Rh.prevents the development of antiD.

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