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Prepared by : A B Quadri Verified by : 4 Project : Subject : Ref

Date :

ABQ Consultants
Engineers Planners & Valuers - Civil / Structural design engineers
Calculation Sheet

Job no : 4 Revision note :

Sheet No : cont'd 4 4 4 :

1 3

Date : 4 4

Description : Calculation Output

Note : Input data in yellow cells only and ensure all check boxes are displaying "ok" or "safe".

Design of RCC Chimney :1800 4.00 m 200 3.60 m

1) Dimensions of Chimney and Forces


Height of Chimney External Diameter of Chimney Fire Brick Lining
Air Gap Between Wall & Fire Brick Lining (min)

Unit weight of Fire Brick Lining Height of Fire Brick Lining above Ground Level The temperature of gases above surrounding air Coefficient of expansion of concrete and Steel Grade of Steel fy = ( 250 or 415) Allowable tensile stress in steel Modulus of Elasticity of steel Es = Grade Concrete Mix M25 Modulus of Elasticity of Concrete Ec =
Thickness of chimney shell at top portion

60.00 4.00 100 100 19000 48.00 200

m m mm thk mm N/m3 m C 1600


3.40 m 300 100
lining thickness 25.00 m 25.00 m

1.1E-05 per deg C 250 140 2.05E+05 25 2.85E+04 200 25.00 300 25.00 400 10.00 6.00 1800 1600 1400 0.70
15 18.67 4.00 5.00 -2.00 20 13.33 5.00 7.00 -2.80 25 10.98 6.00 8.50 -3.20 30 9.33 8.00 10.00 -3.60

N/mm2 N/mm2 N/mm2 N/mm2 N/mm2 m mm m mm m m N/m2 N/m2 N/m2


1400 n/m2

400

mm

Thickness of chimney shell at middle portion of Chimney

10.00 m

Height of top portion of Chimney

100

Height of middle portion of Chimney


Thickness of chimney shell at bottom portion of Chimney
Height of balance bottom portion of Chimney

fig 1
Cross-Section of Chimney

Lining Support Distance @ every Constant wind pressure intensity at top portion Constant wind pressure intensity at middle portion Constant wind pressure intensity at bottom portion Shape Factor Grade of conc (N/mm2) modular ratio m Allowable compressive stress (Direct) N/mm2 Allowable compressive stress (Bending) N/mm2 Allowable tebsile stress (Direct) N/mm2

Grade of Steel (N/mm2) Allowable tebsile stress N/mm2


35 8.11 9.00 11.50 -4.00 40 7.18 10.00 13.00 -4.40
0.25 0.50 0.75 1.00

250

415

140

230

100As Permissible Shear Stress in Concrete Tc bd N/mm2 for grade of concrete

15 0.22 0.29 0.34 0.37 0.40 0.42 0.44 0.44 0.44 0.44 0.44 0.44

20 0.22 0.30 0.35 0.39 0.42 0.45 0.47 0.49 0.51 0.51 0.51 0.51

25 0.23 0.31 0.36 0.40 0.44 0.46 0.49 0.51 0.53 0.55 0.56 0.57

30 0.23 0.31 0.37 0.41 0.45 0.48 0.50 0.53 0.55 0.57 0.58 0.60

35 0.23 0.31 0.37 0.42 0.45 0.49 0.52 0.54 0.56 0.58 0.60 0.62

40 0.23 0.32 0.38 0.42 0.46 0.49 0.52 0.55 0.57 0.60 0.62 0.63

Weight of Lining per meter height = = *( 4.00 0.1 17310 - 2 ( 0.4 + 0.1 * 1.00 * 19000 N + 0.05 )) *

1.25 1.50 1.75 2.00 2.25

2.50 2.75 3.00

PTO
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Page 1 of 16

Weight of Concrete per meter height For 200 mm thk shell, w = [ 4.00 - 0.20 ] * = 59690 N/m [ 4.00 - 0.30 ] * = 87179 N/m [ 4.00 - 0.40 ] * = 113097 N/m 0.20 * 1.00 * 25000

For

300 mm thk

shell, w =

0.30

1.00 *

25000

For

400 mm thk

shell, w =

0.40

1.00 *

25000

2) Stress at Section 25.00 m below top Let the vertical reinforcement be 50 mm place at a cover of As = 1.00 % of the concrete area ok ok

1 * * ( 4.00 ^2 - 3.60 ^2 ) * 1000000 100 4 = 23876 mm2 Nos of = 119 16 mm bars = 23876 201 Hence provide 140 bars of 16mm suitably placed along the circumference Actual As = 28149 mm2
>

ok

23876

mm2

ok

Equivalent thickness of steel ring placed at the centre of the shell thickness ( R = 2.00 0.1 = 1.90 m ) is 28149 = 2.36 mm 2R Horizontal steel (hoops) may be provided @ Area of steel per metre height of chimney Hence pitch s of Ts =

W = P1 =

25.00 0.7 *

0.2 % of sectional area 0.2 * 200 * 1000 = 400 100 113 = 282.5 mm 12 mm bar hoops = 1000 * 400 Provide these at 250 mm centre 59690 = 1492257 N = 4.00 * * 25.0 = ) = 1575000 126000 N acting at N.m m = 1055 mm 12.5

ok mm2

ok

1800 (

m below top

.: M =

126000

12.5

.: Eccentricity For M 25

e = M =

W
concrete , m = .: Eqivalent area

1575000 = 1492257
10.98

1.055

= A = /4 * ( 4.00 ^2 ( 10.98 1 )* = 2668534 mm2 Eqivalent moment of inertia = I = ( / 64) ( = * ( 4.00 ^ 4 - 3.60 ^ 4 64 ( 10.98 1 ) * * 1900 = 4.8286E+12 mm4

3.60 ^2 ) 28149 * 1000 ^ 2.36 *

* 1000000 +

D 4 -d 4 )+(m-1) R ts (R) 2
) * 4 + 1900 ^ 2 PTO

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Page 2 of 16

For no tension to develop, allowable eccentricity

= 2I = 2 * 4.8286E+12 AD 2668534 * 4000 = 904.7 mm

The actual eccentricity is

1055

mm. Hence some tension will be developed in the leeward side.

The maximum and minimum stresses are given by

W A

MD

2I

1492257 2668534 0.559

1575000 1000 * 4.8286E+12 2 * 0.652

4000

Compressive stress = Tensile stress =

1.212 -0.093

N/mm2 N/mm2

< <

8.5 -0.8

N/mm2 N/mm2

allowable allowable

(Safe) (Safe)

2) Stress at Section 50.00 m below top Thickness of shell = 300 mm 1.00 % of the concrete area ok ok

Let the vertical reinforcement be 50 mm place at a cover of As =

1 * * ( 4.00 ^2 - 3.40 ^2 ) * 1000000 100 4 = 34872 mm2 Nos of = 111 20 mm bars = 34872 314 Hence provide 130 bars of 20mm suitably placed along the circumference Actual As = 40841 mm2
>

ok

34872

mm2

ok

Equivalent thickness of steel ring placed at the centre of the shell thickness ( R = 2.00 0.15 = 1.85 m ) is 40841 = 3.51 mm 2R Horizontal steel (hoops) may be provided @ Area of steel per metre height of chimney Hence pitch s of Ts =

W =

25.00 25.00

* *

0.2 % of sectional area 0.2 * 300 * 1000 = 600 100 113 = 188.0 mm 12 mm bar hoops = 1000 * 600 Provide these at 180 mm centre 59690 + 25.00 * 17310 + 87179 = 4104491 N = 4.00 * 25.0 112000.00 * 37.5 + ) + = 0.7 * 1600 ( 238000.00 N * 1.492 12.5 m = = 1492 4.00 * 25.0 )

ok mm2

ok

P1 = =

0.7 * 1800 ( 126000 + 126000

.: M =

112000

6125000 mm

N.m

.: Eccentricity

e = M =

6125000 = 4104491

PTO
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Page 3 of 16

For M

25

concrete , m

10.98

.: Eqivalent area

= A = /4 * ( 4.00 ^2 ( 10.98 1 )* = 3894758 mm2 Eqivalent moment of inertia = I = ( /64 ) ( = * ( 4.00 ^ 4 - 3.40 ^ 4 64 ( 10.98 1 ) * * 1850 = 6.7041E+12 mm4 For no tension to develop, allowable eccentricity

3.40 ^2 ) 40841 * 1000 ^ 3.51 *

* 1000000 +

D 4 -d 4 ) + ( m-1 ) R ts (R) 2
) * 4 + 1850 ^ 2

The actual eccentricity is

1492

= 2I = 2 * 6.7041E+12 AD 3894758 * 4000 = 860.7 mm mm. Hence some tension will be developed in the leeward side.

The maximum and minimum stresses are given by

W A

MD

2I

4104491 3894758 1.054

6125000 1000 * 6.7041E+12 2 * 1.827

4000

Compressive stress = Tensile stress =

2.881 -0.773

N/mm2 N/mm2

< <

8.5 -0.8

N/mm2 N/mm2

allowable allowable

(Safe) (Safe)

3) Stress at Section 60.00 m below top Thickness of shell = 400 mm 1.00 % of the concrete area ok ok

Let the vertical reinforcement be 50 mm place at a cover of As =

1 * * ( 4.00 ^2 - 3.20 ^2 ) * 1000000 100 4 = 45239 mm2 Nos of = 93 nos 25 mm bars = 45239 491 Hence provide 120 bars of 25mm suitably placed along the circumference Actual As = 58905 mm2
>

ok

45239

mm2

ok

Equivalent thickness of steel ring placed at the centre of the shell thickness ( R = 2.00 0.15 = 1.85 m ) is 58905 = 5.07 mm 2R Horizontal steel (hoops) may be provided @ Area of steel per metre height of chimney Hence pitch s of 12 mm bar hoops Ts =

0.2 % of sectional area 0.2 * 400 * 1000 = 800 100 = 1000 * 113 = 141.0 mm 800 Provide these at 140 mm centre =

ok mm2

ok PTO

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Page 4 of 16

W =

25.00 10.00

* *

59690 17310

+ +

25.00 10.00

* *

17310 + 113097 = 0.7 *

25.00 * 5408566 1600 (

87179 N

P1 = = .: M = =

0.7 * 1800 ( 0.7 * 1400 ( 126000 + 126000 8701000

4.00 4.00

* 25.0 ) + * 10.00 ) 112000 + 112000 8701000 = 5408566

4.00 = 39200 1609

* 25.0 277200 * mm

) N 5.0

39200 * 1.609 22.5 + m =

* 47.5 + N.m

.: Eccentricity

e = M =

10.98 For M 25 concrete , m = .: Eqivalent area = A = /4 * ( 4.00 ^2 ( 10.98 1 )* = 5111764 mm2 Eqivalent moment of inertia = I = ( /64 ) ( = * ( 4.00 ^ 4 - 3.20 ^ 4 64 ( 10.98 1 ) * * 1850 = 8.4252E+12 mm4 For no tension to develop, allowable eccentricity

3.20 ^2 ) 58905 * 1000 ^ 5.07 *

* 1000000 +

D 4 -d 4 ) + ( m-1 ) R ts (R) 2
) * 4 + 1850 ^ 2

The actual eccentricity is

1609

= 2I = 2 * 8.4252E+12 AD 5111764 * 4000 = 824.1 mm mm. Hence some tension will be developed in the leeward side.

The maximum and minimum stresses are given by

W A

MD

2I

5408566 5111764 1.058

8701000 1000 * 8.4252E+12 2 * 2.065 3.124 -1.007 N/mm2 N/mm2

4000

Compressive stress = Tensile stress =

< >=

8.5 -0.8

N/mm2 allowable (Safe) N/mm2 allowable Check further

The eccentricity is quite high. Due to this, tensile stresses in the windward side are expected to be greather than 0.8 N/mm2 resultingin cracking of concrete. Hence it is assumed that only steel will take the tensile stresses and concrete in the tensile zone will be ignored. Thus, the method of analysis used at 25.00 m and 50.00 m will not be applicable. We shall analyse the section for stresses by method discussed in 8.3. 400 Tc = Ts = 5.07 m = 10.98 mm mm R= 2.00 - 0.20 = 1.80 eccentricity e = 1.609 m m

In order to find the position of N.A., use equation 8.3 :

[ R [

(Tc-Ts)

sin2

4
sin

+ +

2
(-)

m Ts

]
cos

fig 2

(Tc-Ts) {

cos }

m Ts

]
PTO

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Page 5 of 16

180

[
Assume

( 40.00 0.51 )

0.51 *

{
+

sin2

4
(-)

10.98 * 2

0.51 *
1.609

]
cos m

( 40.00 -

sin

cos

+ 10.98 * *

0.51

Now adjust the value of angle in such a way that the value of eccentricity e is

>=

= .: e =

86.00

C =

1.5010

radians

= .: consider =

6078.21 + 1573.24 43.92 + 1.219 1.695 m not ok 0.00 C

7651.45 45.136 which is slightly more than the actual value

The maximum stress c1 in concrete is found from Eq.8.1 W = .: 2Rc1 1+cos

[
=

(Tc-Ts)

sin

(-)

cos

+ m Ts cos

]
* 5.07 * 0.0698

5408566

2 * 1800 * 1 + 0.06976

c1

400

5.07

{
= .: Compressive stress c1 = in Concrete

0.9976 + 1.6406

* 0.0698

+ 10.98 * *

]
safe

1518945 c1 5408566 1518945 = 3.5607 N/mm2


<

8.5

N/mm2

Tensile stress in Steel, assuming concrete to be fully cracked. 1 - cos t1 = m * c1 * = 1 + cos

34.00

N/mm2

<

140

N/mm2

(b) Stress in horizontal reinforcement Horizontal steel (hoops) may be provided @


Area of steel per metre height of chimney

safe
0.2 0.2 * % of sectional area 400 100 * 1000 = ok 800
mm2

Hence pitch s of

12

mm bar hoops = 1000 * 113 = 141.0 mm 800 Provide these at 140 mm centre

ok then < 140


N/mm2 allowable

As = D1 = .:

113.1 4000

in pitch s = 140 mm centre, if the cover is 40 mm 80 = 3920 mm p * s 277200 * 140 t1 = = = 43.7676 N/mm2 2 * As * D1 2 * 113 * 3920

mm2

Safe

PTO
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Page 6 of 16

(c) Stress on leeward side due to temperature gradient


fig 3

fig 4

Thickness of shell Tc = Thickness of steel Ts = Cover to vertical steel = c1 = Es = 3.5607 2.05E+05 N/mm

400 5.07 50
2

mm mm mm

Thickness of lining Tl = .: aTc = a = 400 350 400 = -

100 50

mm = 350 mm

0.875

N/mm2 = 0.01267

Ec =

2.05E+05 10.98

1.867E+04 per C

N/mm2

p =

Ts Tc

5.07 400

1.10E-05

Concrete Temperature Co-efficient

Temperature difference

200

ok ok ok

80 % of temperature drops through the lining and shell. Let us assume that C = 200 * 0.8 = 160 Drop in temperature 5 times more than that in shell, per unit thickness, Asssuming that drop in lining is the drop of temperature through concrete is given by, T = 400 + 160 5 * 100 * 400 = 71.11 C

To locate -neutral axis in the shell thickness, use Eq. 8.10 c1

[1

+ ( m 2

* p

= * T * Ec

0.5 * k .: or

m * p * (a - k) 1 + ( 10.98 10.98 1 ) * * 0.01267 * ( 0.01267 ) 0.875 = 0.24343 0.793 = 0 ] k = ) 1.1E-05 * 71.11 * 1.867E+04

3.5607 * [ 0.5 * k2 k2 + k2 + 0.27821 0.278 k

8.0219 * k * k -

14.6043

solving for k

0.7620 PTO

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Page 7 of 16

.: Compressive Stress in Concrete

c = =

* * T * Ec = k * * T * Ec a - k 1 + k 0.762 * 1.1E-05 * 71.11 * 1.867E+04 N/mm


2

= 11.129 Since wind stresses are taken into account, Permissible Stress in Concrete = 4 * 3 8.5 =

11.33

N/mm

Thus the compressive stress less than the permissible The above analysis is based on the assumption that the tension caused by temperature variation cannot be taken by concrete, and it is taken entirely by steel. Stress in Steel = t = mc a-k k = 10.98 * = 18.113 11.129 * ( N/mm2 0.875 0.762 0.762 )

(d) Stresses on windward side, due to temperature gradient p * t1 a - k ) = * T * Ec 0.5 * k2 p = 0.01266892 a = N/mm2 C T = 71.11 Ec = 33.998 0.875 0 = 0.5 * k2 = 14.604 0.875 18670 0.000011 * m = 10.98 N/mm2 * 71.11 18670

m * p * ( where .: 10.98 or *

t1 = 33.998 = 0.000011 0.01267 * 0.01267 * (

k2

0.121716639 0.12172 -

0.430718713 0.13910473 k 0.13910 k

0.5 0.5

* *

k2 =

0.0295

solving

0.3123 c = * T * Ec * k = 4.5615 N/mm2


fig 5

.: Compressive Stress in Concrete

Tensile stress in Steel, assuming concrete to be fully cracked. t = m c a k k = 10.98 * 4.5615 * ( 0.875 - 0.31234 ) 0.31234 140 N/mm2

90.23

N/mm2

<

( safe )

(e) Stresses on the Neutral axis .(i.e. temperature effect alone) k2 = where -mp + 2mpa + m2p2 p = 0.01267 a T = 71.11 2 * + = C * 0.875 Ec = 0.01267 * 10.98 * 18670 0.875 0.01267 PTO
Prep By : A B Quadri- Abq Consultants - 9959010210 - em-abquadri@yahoo.com-12-2-826/2 Royal Residency, Besides Amba talkies, Mehdipatnam , Hyderabad-500028

m = 10.98 = 0.000011 10.98 *

N/mm2

or

k2

0.01267 +

10.98 10.98 *

0.01267 *

Page 8 of 16

k2 =

0.37351931 c2 = * T * Ec * k2 = 5.4550 N/mm


2

.: Compressive Stress in Concrete

Tensile stress in concrete, assuming concrete to be fully cracked. t2 = m c a 2 - k2 = k2 = 10.98 * 5.4550 * ( 0.875 - 0.37352 ) 0.37352 140 N/mm
2

80.42

N/mm

<

( safe )

(b) Stress in horizontal reinforcement due to temperature : p' = A S Tc 360 400 From Eq. 8.13. a' = = 113.10 = 140 * 400 = 0.900 0.00202

k' = -mp' + 2mp'a + m2p'2

or

k'

10.98

0.00202 +

2 * +

10.98 10.98 *

0.00202 * 10.98 *

0.900 0.00202

0.00202 *

k' =

0.17883981 c' = * T * Ec * k' = 2.6118 N/mm2

.: Compressive Stress in Concrete

Tensile stress in concrete, assuming concrete to be fully cracked. t2 = m c' a' - k' = k' = 10.98 * 2.6118 * ( 0.900 - 0.17884 ) 0.17884 140 N/mm2 O.k

115.64

N/mm2

<

These stresses are due to temperature effect alone. To this we must add the stresses due to wind. Hence total stress in steel = 159.41 = 115.64 + 43.768 N/mm2 t = 4 * 140 = 186.67 Safe Since wind is also acting, permissible N/mm2 3 allowable tensile stress in steel

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Page 9 of 16

5. Flue Opening : 1.5 m wide and Provide a flue opening 2.0 m high at bottom. ok The boundary of the opening is thickened and reinforced as shown in Fig A. The vertical steel bars are bent on either side of the opening as shown

fig 6

6. Force acting at 0.00 level for Foundation Design : P V M 0.00 level P = M = V = 5408566 8701000 277200 N N .m M N

PTO
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Page 10 of 16

7. Design of Cirrcullar Chimney Foundation : P Data Concrete Grade Steel Grade S.B.C of Soil Density of soil Axial Load Moment eccentricity Horizontal load
Outer dia of chimney Thickness of chimney wall Dia of Footing
Level of footing below ground

FFL fc' = fy = Qs = Ws = P= M= e = M/P = H=


d= t= OD = A=
Totd =

277.2 H

e 1609

5408.57

Depth of Soil Depth of Footing Footing Reinforcement dia Reinforcement cover

D= T= = c =

25 N/mm2 415 N/mm2 200 Kn/m2 18 Kn/m3 5408.57 Kn 8701 Kn . M 1.609 m 277.2 Kn 4.00 m 400 mm 14.00 m 200 mm 4000 mm 1700 mm 2300 mm 32 25 mm 75 mm

200

FGL
Soil filling inside

1700

4000
T

2300

4000 d 14000 OD

P'

= 5408.57 = P + Weight of Chimney Wall + Soil Filling inside of wall + Weight of soil + Self weight of footing = 5408.57 + ( 4.00 ^2 3.60 ^2 ) 4 * ( 1.70 + 0.2 ) * 25 + ( 3.60 ^2 ) * 18 4 + ( 14.00 ^2 4.00 ^2 ) * 18 * 4 + ( 14.00 ^2 ) * 2.30 * 25 4 = 5408.57 + 113.41 + 183.22 + = 18882.61 8701 8701 9865.24 M' P' = kn + H * ( D + T + A ) + 277.2 * ( 2.30 + Kn . M 9865.24 18882.61 = 0.5225 <

OD

Axial load at the base of footing

14000

fig 7

1.70

4325.97

8851.44

M'

= = =

1.70 OD 8

+ = Ok

0.2 1.75

) m

.: e' =

Axx

= * OD2 4 = 153.94 m2

Ixx

= * 64

OD4 = OD3 = 32

1885.74099

m4 m3 PTO

Zxx

= *

269.39157

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Page 11 of 16

Totd

The maximum and minimum base pressures are given by

P' A

M' Zxx

fig 8

122.664 = =

36.620 Kn / m2 Kn / m2 =

max min

159.28 86.04

< >

200 0

Kn / m2 allowable Kn / m2 allowable

Ok Ok

Factor of Safety against overturning

Stabilising Moment = P' * OD Overturning Moment 2 M' 18882.61 * 14.00 2 9865.24 13.40 > 1.5 safe

= Design of Footing slab Assume initially 1 Layer of + 32 25

mm mm

bars bars

120 nos spaced radially along the As = 1295 mm2 circumferance

= 3.00 = Radius of Chimney =


Radius of Foundation
=

Bar Spacing at ro Bar Spacing at fro Uniform pressure under area 'PQRS' Pressure due to Moment at 'RS' Pressure due to Moment at 'PQ'

= = = = =

0.0524 radians ro = 2000 mm fro = 7000 mm 105 mm Length of segment 'PQ' 367 mm Length of segment 'RS' 122.7 36.6 10.5 Kn / m2 Kn / m2 R Kn / m2
b1
Main Reinforcement

Area of Segment 'PQRS' =

1.1781 2.963

m2 m
fro ro

S
b2 a2

a1

Area covered by one unit of Main Reinforcement

CG of Segment 'PQRS' from 'PQ'

Critical Section for Moment

Q
Footing Outer Dia

A
rs

rp

A
Chimney Outer Dia

Line of Punching Shear Line of Shear

fig 9

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Page 12 of 16

159.28

86.04

18882.61 153.94

9865.24 269.39

C / L of foundation

2000

2500
Straight portion

2500
Sloping portion 16 top radial reinforcement 1.79 1

r
c/L of Foundation

32

120

nos

16

200

c/c

1112.5
critical punching shear section

75

cover

2225

critical shear Section

C/L

7000 Section A - A

fig 10

.: Moment at 'PQ' Mf = fy = fc' = .: 415 25 k = 10.98 j = 1 1 2 N/mm2 N/mm2

464.70 .: fyall .: fc'all 10.98 * = j k * 8.5 1 = =

+ = = 8.5 +

51.36 230 8.5

= N/mm2 N/mm2 =

516.06 m = 0.289

Kn .m 10.98

230

R =

k 3 fc'all

0.289 = 0.90378 3 1 * 8.5 * 0.904 2 1.109

0.289

Hence

d =

Mf = 1000 * R

516.06 * 1000000 105 * 1.109 mm ok d =

2108.25 mm

.: adopt T = .: d = As =

2300 2225 M * j

mm cover = 75 mm effective depth = * d A 230

2300 = 2225

75 1116
mm2

Fyall .: Provide 1 layer of Provide 32

516059761 * 0.90378 * 32
mm2

+ 25 dia bars. Main radial reinforcement 16 @ 200 c/c distribution steel

= * ( 4 = 1295

+ >

25

)
mm2

1116 = 0.556 %

900 ok

Main Radial reinforcement

Circullar reinf

p% =

1295 * 100 105 * 2225

PTO
Prep By : A B Quadri- Abq Consultants - 9959010210 - em-abquadri@yahoo.com-12-2-826/2 Royal Residency, Besides Amba talkies, Mehdipatnam , Hyderabad-500028

Page 13 of 16

2300

Shear Stirrups (if required)

Punching Shear : Check Punching shear at ro + d/2 from the c/L r d = 1112.5 mm r + d = 2 2 = 3.00 = 0.0524 radians Radius of Punching shear = rps = 3113 mm Radius of Foundation = fro = 7000 mm Bar Spacing at rps = 163 mm Length of segment 'a1a2' Bar Spacing at fro = 367 mm Length of segment 'RS' Uniform pressure under area 'PQRS' Pressure due to Moment at 'RS' Pressure due to Moment at 'PQ' .: = = = 122.7 36.6 16.3 Kn / m2 Kn / m2 Kn / m2 F = 0.16 143.00 fck do = 0.16 = = + 10.47 = 25 = = 163 2225 153.47 0.8 Kn N/mm2
Area of Segment 'PQa1a2' =

2000

mm

3113

mm

1.02919 2.193

m2 m

CG of Segment 'PQa1a2'

from 'a1a2'

Punching Shear at 'a1a2'

Allowable Punching Shear stress =

0.16 *

.: Depth required for punching shear

F fck * <

153469 0.8 * 163


OK

1177

mm provided

Shear :

Check shear at r + d from the c/L, End of Straight portion, and at three points at sloping portion.
mm 2000 5333 6167 7000 4225 4500 mm 278 366 104 220 234 322 mm 2225 2225 1292 825 2225 1758 mm 32 + 25 32 + 25 32 + 25 32 + 16 32 + 16 32 + 0 mm2 1295 0.5597 ok 122.7 36.6 10.46 1.178 2.96 516 599 ok 0.50 0.31 72 157 Reqd 85 12 414 381 175 ok 1295 0.2646 ok 122.7 36.6 22.10 0.815 1.50 188 599 ok 0.25 0.23 113 118 Reqd 5 12 6433 180 175 ok 1295 0.2488 ok 122.7 36.6 23.54 0.753 1.34 156 599 ok 0.25 0.23 120 110 Not Reqd 1 1 245 1 ok 1005 0.2057 ok 122.7 36.6 27.90 0.538 0.87 73 367 ok 0.25 0.23 112 81 Not Reqd 1 1 193 1 ok 1005 0.2417 ok 122.7 36.6 32.26 0.287 0.43 19 270 ok 0.25 0.23 96 45 Not Reqd 1 1 142 1 ok 804 0.2664 ok 122.7 36.6 36.62 0.000 0.00 0 138 ok 0.25 0.23 69 0 Not Reqd 1 1 91 1 ok

distance from c/L Reinforcement Spacing Effective depth Bar dia As p% Uniform pressure Pressure due to moment @ rs Pressure due to moment at section Area of Segment 'PQxx' CG of Segment 'PQxx' M actual / bar M allowable / bar p% for Shear Shear Stress tc Shear allowable Shear actual Shear Reinf Shear - Vs per main bar Shear - MS bar dia fyall 140 spacing Minimum shear s = 2.5Asvfy/b .: Provided spacing =

kn/m2 kn/m2 kn/m2 m2 m Kn.m Kn.m

N/mm2 Kn Kn Kn mm mm mm

PTO
Prep By : A B Quadri- Abq Consultants - 9959010210 - em-abquadri@yahoo.com-12-2-826/2 Royal Residency, Besides Amba talkies, Mehdipatnam , Hyderabad-500028

Page 14 of 16

Check Deflection of Chimney :


Data :

Top Portion :
Height of Top portion of Chimney Wind intensity of top portion of Chimney Concrete Area of Top Portion of chimney Moment of Inertia of Top portion of Chimney Wind Moment at the base of Top Portion Modulus of Elasticity of Concrete M / Ei Area of M / Ei of top portion C.g of Area of M / Ei of top portion Moment of Area of M / Ei from top portion Partial Deflection of Top Portion wrt bottom of top portion Ratio L / top = = = = = = = = = = = =
L /

25.00 1800 2668534 4.8286E+12 1.5750E+06 2.8500E+04 1.1445E-08 1.4306E-04 1.6667E+04 2.3843E+00 2.384 10485

m N/m2 mm2 mm4 N.m N/mm2 1/mm

mm (1) mm
> L /

200 ok

Middle Portion :
Height of Middle portion of Chimney Wind intensity of Middle portion of Chimney Area of Middle Portion of chimney Moment of Inertia of Middle portion of Chimney Wind Moment at the base of Middle Portion Modulus of Elasticity of Concrete M / Ei Area of M / Ei of Middle portion C.g of Area of M / Ei of Middle portion from top Moment of Area of M / Ei of Middle portion Partial Deflection of Top Portion wrt bottom of middle portion Ratio L / top = = = = = = = = = = = =
L /

25.00 1600 3894758 6.7041E+12 6.1250E+06 2.8500E+04 3.2057E-08 5.4377E-04 3.7500E+04 2.2776E+01 22.776 2195

m N/m2 mm2 mm4 N.m N/mm2 1/mm

mm (2) mm
< L /

200 ok

PTO
Prep By : A B Quadri- Abq Consultants - 9959010210 - em-abquadri@yahoo.com-12-2-826/2 Royal Residency, Besides Amba talkies, Mehdipatnam , Hyderabad-500028

Page 15 of 16

Bottom Portion :
Height of Bottom portion of Chimney Wind intensity of Bottom portion of Chimney Area of Bottom Portion of chimney Moment of Inertia of Bottom portion of Chimney Wind Moment at the base of Bottom Portion Modulus of Elasticity of Concrete M / Ei Area of M / Ei of Bottom portion C.g of Area of M / Ei of Bottom portion from top Moment of Area of M / Ei of Bottom portion Total Deflection of Top Portion wrt bottom of bottom portion Ratio L / = = = = = = = = = = = 10.00 1400 5111764 8.4252E+12 8.7010E+06 2.8500E+04 3.6236E-08 3.4147E-04 5.5000E+04 4.1556E+01 41.556 mm mm (3) m N/m2 mm2 mm4 N.m N/mm2 1/mm

top

1444

<

200 ok

PTO
Prep By : A B Quadri- Abq Consultants - 9959010210 - em-abquadri@yahoo.com-12-2-826/2 Royal Residency, Besides Amba talkies, Mehdipatnam , Hyderabad-500028

Page 16 of 16