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GREENTECH 2009

A PAPER ON

GREEN BUILDING MATERIALS


BY

NEERAJ RAJENDRA YEDEKAR


(SE CIVIL)

VIKAS LAXMAN GINGINE


(SE CIVIL)

KOLHAPUR INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGYs COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING, KOLHAPUR.

Since the industrial revolution, the world has witnessed incalculable technological achievements & also population growth and hence corresponding increase in resources use.

SUSTAINABILITY
'... meeting the needs of people today without destroying the resources that will be needed ... by persons in the future; based on long range planning and the recognition of the finite nature of natural resources...'

GREEN ARCHITECTURE
Green Architecture is a term used to describe economical, energy-saving, environmentallyfriendly, sustainable development.

NEED FOR GREEN BUILDING !


Energy crisis Resource depletion Toxic wastes Deforestation

Global warming

GREEN BUILDING - ALL ABOUT


Resource & energy efficient . Efficient waste and water management practices. Comfortable and hygienic indoor working conditions. Efficient natural lighting & air-conditioning. Wise use of construction materials.

The Four-R's:

Reduce

Recycle
Renewable Rethinking

GREEN MATERIALS

SELECTION CRITERIA:
Resource Efficiency:
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Recycled Content Natural & renewable Resource efficient manufacturing process Salvaged, refurbished, or remanufactured Reusable or recyclable Durable Locally available

SELECTION CRITERIA:
Indoor Air Quality (IAQ):
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Low or non-toxic Minimal chemical emissions Moisture resistant Healthfully maintained Systems or equipment

SELECTION CRITERIA:
Energy Efficiency

Water Conservation

Affordability

SOME GREEN MATERIALS

Fly ash based cement


Blend of portland cement and high quality fly ash. Corrosion resistant.

Impermeable.
Improved workability High strength Long life.

Aerocon blocks:
Made up of cement, fly ash, lime & water.
Light weight. High thermal insulation. Frost & water resistant. Fire resistant. Saves recurring costs of heating and cooling.

Green Paints:
Low- or no-VOC (volatile organic compound) paint . They release no significant pollutants. No odour . Improve overall indoor air quality. Generally cost the same as conventional paint .

Glazing Glass:
Optimizes energy efficiency. Enhance light penetration. Good visual and aesthetic

effects.
Proper selection and placement can reduce the

cost of construction.

Linoleum
Mixture of linseed oil, pine resin, sawdust, cork dust, limestone and jute. Natural alternative to resilient flooring. Extremely durable. Very less flammable. Flexible. Mainly used for flooring.

Cork :
Harvested every 9 years from the same tree. Elastic, anti-static, sound absorbing, insulating and anti-allergenic. Mainly used for flooring.

Bamboo:
When treated becomes extremely hard and durable. Light weight. Substitute for steel reinforcing rods. Cheap and high availability.

Benefits of Green Materials:


Environmental Benefits Economic Benefits Occupational Benefits

Enhance and protect ecosystems and biodiversity. Improve air and water quality. Reduce solid waste. Conserve natural resources.

Reduce operating costs. Enhance asset value & profits. Improve employee productivity and satisfaction Optimize life-cycle economic performance. Reduces future liability. Increase retail sales.

Improve air, thermal & acoustic environments. Enhance occupant comfort and health. Reduce healthcare costs. Improve employee satisfaction and morale Less absenteeism and turnover.

Green techniques:

Natural Air Conditioning:


Maximize natural heating and cooling, reducing the need for air conditioning to the summer's hottest months. Right-sized overhangs placed above southfacing windows can help minimize heat gain during the summer. Maximize use of operable windows. Incorporate whole-house / attic fans.

Lighting:
Study the sun diagram and place the windows properly. Make use of CFLs and LED bulbs for lighting purpose. Make majority use of natural light.

Water Management
Design for dual plumbing Rain water harvesting. Use a water budget approach. Use of sprinklers and Drip Irrigation.

Energy Generation:
Installation of photovoltaic cell. Solar water heaters. Biogas plant. Small wind mills.

Use of Light Transmitting Concrete:


It is a mixture of thousands of small size optical glass fibers and fine concrete . It can be used for both interior as well as exterior walls. (Litracon)

Use of Light Weight Steel:


It is a 1-2 mm stainless steel hollow micro sandwiched filled with air as well as millions of microscopic steel fibers. Its weight is about half of the conventional steel.

CASE STUDY

Residence of Dr. Niranjan Shah .


By

Neeraj Rajendra Yedekar


(SE civil)

Vikas Laxman Gingine


(SE civil)

Kolhapur Institute of Technologys College of Engineering, Kolhapur.

Located in Takala area , Kolhapur. Type of building : Bunglow. Residential building.

Materials
Red laterite stone for exterior walls. Jaisalmaier tiles for flooring. Recycled wood used for cupbords,almariahs & doors. Use of Green paints. Fly ash based aerocon blocks used for compound walls.

Natural Lighting
Glass Panels on the roof allow the natural sunlight into the house. No need of artificial lighting during day time. 90% of the building is day lit.

Energy Generation
20% of the buildings energy requirement is catered to by solar photo voltaic cells. Solar water heater systems are installed on top of the house.

Water Efficiency
Rain Water Harvesting

Drip irrigation used in gardens.

Garden
The house is surrounded by many trees such as palm, mango, coconut, papaya, chiku, etc. Also there are many flowering plants such as rose, chapha, gladiolas, jaswandi, orchids, jasmin, etc. Hence the house gets a fresh look and the people staying in the house feel pleasant.

Conclusion
Vast Applications.
Dominant in developed countries. Role of government & civil engineers.

Even if some materials or practices are costlier, it is the price to pay for safety !!!

References:
NABH Guidelines TERI Magazines CW Magazines Tree hugger consultancy booklet. USGBC .org Wikipedia.com Greenbuildingdesign.org Sustainablebuildingcentre.com ciwmb.ca.gov igreenbuild.com

THANK YOU..