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GROUP GUIDANCE GUIDANCE Introduction: The Indian cultural tradition since the inception of human civilization bear a m ark

that elder members of the family, teachers and Wiseman of the community alwa ys guided the budding generations to achieve the maximum as per their capacities and abilities and make intelligent choices and adjustments in the family, comm unity and society. There are problems and problems in human life. The confrontation between the ne eds, abilities and resources of an individual on the one hand and the condition s prevailing in his environment on the other starts from quite early age and goe s up to the death. The individual makes his best efforts to overcome his difficulties or adjusts hi mself to his environment. But there are times when he realizes that the path le ading him towards his goal is not visible, he cannot learn or acquire certain ab ilities and capacities with his own attempts. There he needs someone to illuminate his path or assist him in the process of le arning desired knowledge and skills. In other he needs guidance to enable him to overcome his difficulties and develop his abilities and capacities. Thus Guidance is referred to as a process of rendering any kind of assistance or help or advice to any individual by another individual. Meaning of a Group Group may be defined as the collection or aggregate of two or more interdependen t individuals who usually feel, think and act together Types of groups. Every one of us is a member of some group that exists in the society. Several a ttempts have been made to classify these groups.

1. Primary and secondary groups. a) Primary Groups: Groups characterized by more or less continued intimate face to face Association and co operation are primary groups. Eg: Family, Childrens play group, Adolescent group, Neighbor hood b) Secondary Group: Secondary groups are special interest groups such as national, political, religious fraternal and professional groups. They dont depend upon face to face contact although there may be direct interac tion among the members. 2. Socio-Psycho Groups. a) In socio groups the purpose is largely impersonal. But the members work with a common objective. Eg. Labour union, Editors of news paper, RTC employees, Red cross b) The psyche group is more personal in nature and the members come together for a common cause and they are like minded. Eg. Rama Krishna Mission, Missionaries of Charity.

3. Organized and Unorganized Groups In the organized group they have common goals. Members work together. They pl ay different roles. If the group has a leader it is an organization. Eg. Red Cross, Rotary Club, Rural Development Trust Freedom foundation trust which gives medical help for the poor In an unorganized group members function independently. It is flexible. The me mbers can develop their own roles. Eg. Members attending a public meeting, Members going to a cinema. 4. Ingroups and Outgroups

Ingroup: Group which an individual belongs and he has loyalty for that group. Eg. The family group, Friends group. Out group: There is no loyalty towards the group or no sympathy. He may also sh ow suspicion, oppositions, fear or hatred.

GROUP GUIDANCE Group guidance refers to any phase of guidance personal programme carried on wit h groups of individual rather than between counselor and counselee or clinician and client in the face to face interview. It may include instruction in the classroom where the content is related to prob lems of self appraisal, education vocational guidance, and personal adjustment a nd inter personnel relationships. Group guidance programme have been aimed at assistance in adjusting to new schoo l or college situations improving study and learning methods, making new friends , improving social skills developing a workable philosophy of life values to fur nish criteria for the choice of the experiences Purpose of group guidance 1. To provide assistance/opportunities for learning essentials with referen ce to educational, vocational and personnel social aspects of life. Eg. Assistance/orientation to a new school situation 2. Study the common problems together Time management Unable to concentrate Bad teaching Poor educational environment Lack of facilities Organizational fear Poor exam system 3. It helps in adjustment like personal adjustment with others, maintaining good health. 4. Self appraisal of attitudes, interests, abilities, personality and chara cter trends and tracks and personal and social adjustment. 5. Group study and application of efficiency methods in learning.

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To make long term plans. Making choices in various areas of living. And developing of growing of philosophy of life.

Principles to be remembered while giving group guidance. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. He Study problems which are common to all. Group guidance helps in personality development. Eg. What habit should I have etc, To achieve the goals economically and more efficiently. There must be good relation between the groups. There must be good dynamism. Further the group must be put together. Eg. Foot ball group, religious group, and institutional group. The leader of the group is the guide of the group. The selection of the group leader is important. Make sure that the leader is a good one, friendly, gives guidance to the group, must be optimist, cooperative, orator and listen to the group

Techniques of group guidance: Kinds of groups for group guidance:. The various types of groups that may be utilized for group guidance. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Regular subject classes Special groups organized for consideration of special topics. Conferences- such as career and educational conferences. Club or other groups organized around some common interest. Students with common adjustment problems.

Group Guidance It is of two types. 1. Formal group discussion . 2. Informal group discussion

Formal group discussion:

Eg. Workshops

Teachers/students will be grouped and the facilitators will give some new techni ques on teaching etc, Eg. Education, science, engineering, management etc. In this group discussion a) Venue and resources settings are very important. Eg. Time table setting of subjects, technology to be used- projectors, slides etc, budgets etc. b) Size of the group. Dividing the group subject wise and the no. of clients must be bet. 30 40 c) d) e) Time given to give group guidance must be decided. Eg. When the students are free. Topic for group guidance must be decided. Eg. To cope up with exams, time management. Floor participation. Open discussion for the clients to ask as many questions as possible.

Analysis of group discussion 1). Participation of group members. a) active and passive participation, b) clarification of doubts. 2) Influence. The members of the group are influenced by the counselee as it is interesting. Eg. Abdul Kalam The group may be influenced by the counselee or in turn he will be influenced by the group. Eg. M.K.Gandhi. 3) The style of influence. Some are very calm. Eg. M.K.Gandhi, Nelson Mandela. Some are very good orators. Eg. Vivekananda. Some do special services. Eg. Mother Teresa Some are calm and balanced, integrated personality, emotionally balanced, silent observers. Eg. Man Mohan Singh. Other examples Michael Jackson- singer, Tendulkar- through games. 4) Decision making purpose. Guide should be clever enough to bring the counseling of different people and makes decisions baring upon the attitudes, interests of the clients.

Career guidance Programmes: 1. Exhibitions through some posters, pamphlets about scholarships, job oppo

rtunities etc.HIV/AIDS posters, traffic rules posters, family planning posters n o smoking, cleanliness, driving, drug addiction posters; save the water, dont use plastics, dont misuse money etc. 2. Class talks: Talks between counselor and the students telling about job opportunities, educational opportunities, how to plan to studies, the methods o f studies and dealing with the physical and mental fitness. 3. Career conference; Select people from different organizations form a con ference. Select a topic, fix a date. Some generalisations which are helpful to the group are formulated. Acc to Jones ; The entire process of the career conference is an experience in a social thinking and has a positive and unique values in the group guidance pro grammes. 4. ege. 5. Field visits: Visit a industry which will give you jobs. Eg. B.ed coll Guidance through CCA`S; Guidance can be given through CCA`S .

Eg. Foot ball, hand ball group dance. 6. Teachers in an institution What activities are to be done in a year such guidance is given to teachers. Eg. Quiz competition- principle says about the competition. One will prepare science quiz, other will prepare history quiz etc, 7. Dramatisation: This is also a good technique. If certain topics are d ramatized the students can be given guidance in an interesting way. Eg. How to appear far an interview, how to prepare for an exam , how to prepare notes there can be dramatized and guidelines suggested to the students. 8. Films: Patriotic films, Alcoholism, Dowry system , HIV AIDS, Superstitio ns , Bad habits , Drug addiction ,Education , Wastage and stagnation. 9. 10. Mass media; Pictures, posters, sms, news, radio. Shows; Puppet shows, role plays.

Advantages of Group Guidance: 1. It is economical, saves time and money 2. Many people are trained at a time 3. It is influential 4. It is helpful to a normal student normal student who is motivated by int elligent student 5. Get into contact with many people 6. Opportunity to address many people 7. Opportunity to discuss common problems 8. Change students attitudes and behaviors 9. Negative behavior of students shall be changed 10. There may be a collective judgement

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Observe many people therefore through observation we learn many new thin Brings awareness understand our needs and problems thoroughly.