PACIFIC DEPARTMENT

2011
Compendium of Knowledge Products

PACIFIC DEPARTMENT

2011
Compendium of Knowledge Products

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© 2012 Asian Development Bank All rights reserved. Published in 2012. Printed in the Philippines. ISBN 978-92-9092-732-7 (Print) ISBN 978-92-9092-733-4 (PDF) Publication Stock No. ARM124707 Cataloging-In-Publication Data. Asian Development Bank. Pacific Department 2011 compendium of knowledge products. Mandaluyong City, Philippines: Asian Development Bank, 2012. 1. Pacific. 2. Knowledge products. I. Asian Development Bank.

The views expressed in this publication are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views and policies of the Asian Development Bank (ADB), its Board of Governors, or the governments they represent. ADB does not guarantee the accuracy of the data included in this publication and accepts no responsibility for any consequence of their use. By making any designation of or reference to a particular territory or geographic area, or by using the term “country” in this document, ADB does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area. ADB encourages printing or copying information exclusively for personal and noncommercial use with proper acknowledgment of ADB. Users are restricted from reselling, redistributing, or creating derivative works for commercial purposes without the express, written consent of ADB. Cover photo by Luis Ascui. 6 ADB Avenue, Mandaluyong City 1550 Metro Manila, Philippines Tel +63 2 632 4444 Fax +63 2 636 2444 www.adb.org For hard copy orders, please contact Department of External Relations Fax +63 2 636 2648 adbpub@adb.org

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Contents
Foreword Publications in 2011 Previous Titles Capacity Development Series Climate Change and Environment Development Effectiveness Economic and Trade Fisheries Governance Information and Communication Technology Pacific Islands Economic Reports Political Economy Poverty Private Sector Progress Reports on Timor-Leste Social Development Regional Strategy Transport and Energy v 1 12 12 13 13 14 15 16 17 17 19 20 21 23 24 25 25

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Foreword

The Asian Development Bank (ADB) has long produced knowledge products on development issues and concerns of the Pacific developing member countries. This was boosted by the Pacific Studies Series that commenced in 1995. Knowledge has been drawn from specially commissioned studies as well as from the experience gained from ADB’s many projects. Over the past 15 years, the Pacific Department has published over 100 publications. These range from economic updates, and briefs, to policy analyses of human resource development, growth and development, education and vocational training, fisheries, agriculture, the environment, poverty, private sector development, remittances, trade, political economy, state performance, and much more. This is the third time the Pacific Department has prepared a compendium of publications. We are again using this compendium to highlight some of the major publications of earlier years. We trust that the compendium will be of interest and assistance to those working on the Pacific.

Xianbin Yao Director General Pacific Department Asian Development Bank

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Publications in 2011
Climate Change and Environment

Community-Based Climate Vulnerability Assessment and Adaptation Planning
A Cook Islands Pilot Project

Community-Based Climate Vulnerability Assessment and Adaptation Planning

www.adb.org/publications/community-based-climate-vulnerability-assessmentand-adaptation-planning-cook-islands In 2010, the Asian Development Bank (ADB), the Government of the Cook Islands, and the World Wide Fund for Nature partnered to undertake a pilot adaptation project that could be replicated across the country’s inhabited islands. The basic idea was to field-test a participatory approach that incorporates local knowledge and engages vulnerable communities in the formulation of adaptation plans that will be operable and most relevant to their circumstances. This publication captures and shares the process, tools, and lessons from the project. It provides insights into how climate change adaptation may be strengthened and accelerated through community-based risk assessment and participatory planning.

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Regional Policy and Advisory Technical Assistance

Strengthening Coastal and Marine Resources Management in the Coral Triangle of the Pacific
PHASE II
INFORMATION UPDATE No. 1 | January 2011

Introduction
What is the Coral Triangle? The Coral Triangle is the center of the world’s coral reef biological diversity, holding more than 75% of the known coral species and more than 3,000 species of reef fish. It covers 5.7 million square kilometers and includes all or part of the exclusive economic zones of six countries spanning Southeast Asia and the Pacific. The Coral Triangle contains vast marine resources critical for economic and food security of an estimated 120 million people. What are the Threats to the Coral Triangle? Key coastal and marine resource management issues identified include (i) coastal development and fishing pressures, including overexploitation of coastal areas and overharvesting of valuable species; (ii) climate change impacts; (iii) weak management of natural resources systems; and (iv) extremely limited staff and budgetary resources and capacity

for public sector environmental management programs—all of which are exacerbated by high rates of population growth and rural poverty, creating food insecurity concerns.

ADB–GEF Partnership
In response, the Asian Development Bank (ADB), with cofinancing from the Global Environment Facility (GEF) and the Government of Finland, provided a regional technical assistance (Phase I) to prepare a 4-year program to strengthen the management of coastal and marine resources in the Pacific Coral Triangle. This regional policy and advisory technical assistance (R-PATA) Phase II program, also cofinanced by GEF, will assist Papua New Guinea (PNG), Solomon Islands, and TimorLeste in fulfilling their Coral Triangle Initiative (CTI) objectives; and engage with the Fiji Islands and Vanuatu in these efforts. This R-PATA will provide a common approach to integrated marine protected area management with efforts to control damage from pollutants derived from onshore activities.

It will also complement ongoing and planned efforts of ADB’s Southeast Asia Department, as well as its development partners—United States Agency for International Development and Australian Agency for International Development.

Project Impact and Outcome
Ensure food security The R-PATA will help ensure food security for the population in Pacific CTI countries, resulting from the increased resilience of coastal and marine ecosystems. Build up resilience It will support the introduction of more effective management of coastal and marine resources, to build their resilience in a period of increased threats arising from the impacts of climate change and human-induced activities. Halting the decline in ecosystem productivity The R-PATA will contribute toward halting or reversing the expected decline in ecosystem productivity through more effective management that addresses land and water interactions and local human activities. Sustainable local community development and delay the impact of climate change Through maintaining productivity over a longer time frame, local community well-being will be ensured, especially their access to food. By reducing local ecosystem threats, the impact of climate change will be delayed and the resilience of coastal ecosystems will be increased.

Coral Triangle Initiative Information Update No. 1

www.adb.org/publications/strengthening-coastal-and-marine-resourcesmanagement-coral-triangle-pacific-phase-ii This brochure provides an update on the progress of the Strengthening Coastal and Marine Resources Management in the Coral Triangle of the Pacific Phase II regional policy and advisory technical assistance provided by ADB with cofinancing from the Global Environment Facility and the Government of Finland.

Pacific Studies Series

Food Security and Climate Change in the Pacific
RETHINKING THE OPTIONS

Food Security and Climate Change in the Pacific: Rethinking the Options

www.adb.org/publications/food-security-and-climate-change-pacific-rethinkingoptions This report describes the present state of food security and its contributing factors in the Pacific region, assesses its prospects amid the growing threats and likely impacts of climate change, and presents potential areas for more active assistance, investments, and interventions from ADB and other development partners.

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Pacific Climate Change Program
INFORMATION UPDATE No. 3 | October 2011

Pacific Climate Change Program
INFORMATION UPDATE No. 4 | November 2011

Climate Resilience and Sustainable Urban Development in Pacific Developing Member Countries
Urbanization1 in Pacific Developing Member Countries (DMCs)
Cities are primary contributors to economic development, as well as the centers of major political and social changes in a country. Urban areas are continuing to expand their areas of jurisdiction to accommodate growing populations due to natural increase and rural-to-urban migration. For 2010, 45% of the total population of Pacific developing member countries (DMCs)2 is projected to be in urban areas. By 2020, this figure is projected to increase to 48%. In addition, the projected average urban growth rate of 2.1% in 2010–2015 is much higher than the Pacific DMCs’ average population growth rate of 1.2% (mid2010 estimates). While some Pacific DMCs show decreasing urban growth rates, overall, the rate of change of the urban population is seen as gradually increasing to 2.3% from 2015 to 2020. This trend is most noticeable for Kiribati, the Federated States of Micronesia, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, and Tonga.3 Expansion areas include peri-urban areas, reclaimed lands, converted agricultural lands, and environmentally critical areas. These areas are usually either underserviced or on degraded lands because of the lack of or inadequate urban planning, and contribute to urban sprawl and ad hoc development. The rapid pace of urbanization in some Pacific DMCs has raised serious concerns, given their limited resources and capacities and already overstressed natural resource systems. If left unattended, urbanization issues—such as problems in food supply, water and sanitation, waste disposal, and infrastructure— can pose environmental, social, and economic difficulties to both migrants and host/receiving urban communities. Governments also experience severe budget constraints due to the added costs for education, housing, health care, and administration of rapidly growing urban populations.

Economics of Climate Proofing at the Project Level Two Pacific Case Studies
Background and Rationale
The Pacific developing member countries (DMCs) of the Asian Development Bank (ADB) are a diverse array of countries with widely varying topographies, cultures, and economies, but generally characterized by their small physical size and geographical remoteness, fragile biodiversity, and a limited natural resource base. Most, if not all, Pacific island countries are also confronted with extraordinary circumstances with respect to climate change. The prosperity, stability, and security of Pacific countries can be compromised by the impacts of climate change on infrastructure, facilities, and livelihoods; resources for food production; and risks to settlements and human health, thereby creating significant development challenges for the region. Hence, integration of climate change measures into national development plans has become essential. In this regard, assessment of climate change impacts and economic analysis of climate change response are crucial in rationalizing investments in adaptation and mitigation measures. As a major development partner of the Pacific island countries, ADB is committed to providing technical and
Edy Brotoisworo

financial support for measures that will ensure continued economic growth in the face of climate change. ADB has set a target of 40% of investment resources by 2020 to support its commitment to climate change adaptation and mitigation in its DMCs. In the Pacific, however, adaptation, rather than mitigation, is the more relevant element in addressing climate change impacts. Climate change adaptation is, in large part, an ongoing and flexible adjustment to natural or human systems that reduces a society’s vulnerability to, or risks from, climate variability, and increases resilience.

Adaptation and Climate Proofing
Adaptation options are measures that (i) reduce exposure (e.g., climate proofing of infrastructure, land-use zoning, sector-level best practices such as selection of climate-resilient crops); and (ii) increase adaptive capacity (e.g., strengthening disaster risk management capabilities and implementing early-warning systems). Increasing adaptive capacity through climate proofing means increasing resilience to, and reducing risks posed by,

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Refers to the population living in areas classified as urban according to the administrative criteria used by each country or area, as a percentage of the total population (World Population Prospects: The 2008 Revision Population Database). Cook Islands, Fiji, Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Federated States of Micronesia, Nauru, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Timor-Leste, Tonga, Tuvalu, and Vanuatu. The statistical information indicated in the paragraph came from the Statistics and Demography, Statistics for Development Programmes; and World Urbanization Prospects: The 2009 Revision.

Climate proofing a road project

Pacific Climate Change Program Information Update No. 3

www.adb.org/publications/climate-resilience-and-sustainable-urban-developmentpacific-dmc Alongside having to address climate change issues are the increasing and recurring urbanization issues which are exacerbated by climate change. These issues cannot be tackled in isolation; they mutually reinforce the effects to urban areas if left unattended.

Pacific Climate Change Program Information Update No. 4

www.adb.org/publications/economics-climate-proofing-project-level-two-pacificcase-studies This update uses two case studies—Solomon Islands and Timor-Leste—to present the outcomes of economic modelling of the cost–benefit analysis under different climate change scenarios. The work underpins ADB’s development of guidelines for climate adaptation and climate proofing of proposed projects in the Pacific developing member countries.

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Development Effectiveness
Marshall Islands
Together, Forging a Better Future

Development Effectiveness Brief

Tonga

Development Effectiveness Brief

Sustaining a Strong Culture While Building the Future

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Marshall Islands: Together, Forging a Better Future

www.adb.org/publications/marshall-islands-together-forging-better-future This country brief summarizes how the partnership of the ADB and the Government of the Marshall Islands has been instrumental to the development of the country.

Tonga: Sustaining a Strong Culture While Building the Future

www.adb.org/publications/tonga-sustaining-strong-culture-while-building-future This country brief summarizes how the partnership of the ADB and the Government of Tonga has helped to reduce poverty and, more recently, is aiding in the country’s recovery from the global economic crisis.

Structures for Development

Impact Stories from Fiji

Impact Stories from Fiji: Structures for Development

www.adb.org/publications/impact-stories-fiji-structures-development In this publication, we capture the stories of the project beneficiaries of the road transport project in Viti Levu and Tailevu, and the water supply project in the Suva– Nausori area.

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Dili Bulletin
January 2011 Edition No. 1 www.adb.org/Timor-Leste

About ADB
The Asian Development Bank (ADB) is a multilateral development bank with an overarching goal of reducing poverty in Asia and the Pacific. ADB's clients are its member governments, who are also its shareholders. ADB is owned by 67 members, 48 from the region and 19 from other parts of the world. Timor-Leste joined ADB in 2002, and is the 34th largest shareholder among regional members. ADB has offices throughout Asia and the Pacific. The main instruments for helping developing member countries are policy dialogue, loans, equity investments, guarantees, grants, and technical assistance (TA). ADB's vision is an Asia and Pacific region free of poverty. Its mission is to help its developing member countries substantially reduce poverty and improve the quality of life of their people. Despite the region’s many successes, it remains home to two-thirds of the world’s poor: 1.8 billion people who live on less than $2 a day, with 903 million struggling on less than $1.25 a day. ADB is committed to reducing poverty through inclusive economic growth, environmentally sustainable growth, and regional integration.

ADB’s contribution
ADB activities in Timor-Leste have closely aligned with the government’s development priorities, as established in the 2002 National Development Plan and, subsequently, through the national development priorities process.

How to reach us?
Special Office in Timor-Leste ADB–World Bank Building, Avenida dos Direitos Humanos Dili, Timor-Leste Telephone: +670 332 4801 Headquarters 6 ADB Avenue, Mandaluyong City 1550 Metro Manila, Philippines Telephone: +63 2 632 4444

Activities have focused on improving physical infrastructure and building the capacity to deliver quality basic social services. From 1999 to 2007, ADB focused on the emergency rehabilitation of infrastructure, funded through the multidonor Trust Fund for East Timor (TFET). ADB implemented about $49 million in trust fund projects covering urban and rural power, national roads, ports, and water and sanitation. TFET funds amounting to $4 million was also used to establish the Institute of Microfinance in Timor-Leste. In 2005, Timor-Leste began to access the Asian Development Fund (ADF). This is one of ADB’s key resources for low-income member countries, and is now the main source of funding for ADB activities in Timor-Leste. ADB also draws on funds from other sources, such as the Japan Fund for Poverty Reduction. ADF grant funding amounting to $62 million has been approved. A national roads rehabilitation project ($10 million from the ADF) concluded in 2009 and has been succeeded by a new Road Network Development Sector Project ($46 million from the ADF). ADB administers a complementary $3 million project in support of roadside communities, funded by the Japan Fund for Poverty Reduction. ADB also supports the Dili water supply project ($6 million from the ADF). Timor-Leste is the recipient of one of ADB’s largest TAs, the Infrastructure Project Management TA. This $15 million package, funded with cofinancing from the Government of Australia, commenced in 2007 and helps plan, prepare, and execute the Government of Timor-Leste’s capital development program. Other ADB activities include the strengthening of microfinance, statistics and macroeconomic management, aid management, and skills in public sector management. Support is provided through country-specific TA, and regional TAs that also assist other member countries in Asia and the Pacific. There has been no lending to Timor-Leste, with all ADF resources provided as grants. ADF resources will be available as a mix of grants and loans beginning in 2011.

Dili Bulletin No. 1

www.adb.org/publications/dili-bulletin-adb-and-timor-leste This edition provides an update of ADB’s activities in Timor-Leste.

Dili Bulletin No. 2

www.adb.org/publications/dili-bulletin-about-adb This edition provides an update of ADB’s activities in Timor-Leste. Information is provided on the regional technical assistance available to Timor-Leste, and a question and answer piece explores the issue of borrowing by Timor-Leste.

Dili Bulletin No. 3

www.adb.org/publications/timor-leste-2011-road-outlook This edition addresses the questions: What will be the condition of the national roads in 2015 and beyond? Will these be in better condition than today, or will these have deteriorated? It also provides advice on the appropriate level of expenditure on the national roads.

Dili Bulletin No. 4

www.adb.org/publications/dili-bulletin-about-adb-country-partnership-strategies This edition focuses on the Timor-Leste country partnership strategy (CPS) for 2011– 2015 which was endorsed by the ADB Board of Directors in August 2011. It outlines a 5-year strategic partnership with the government in support of infrastructure, financial services, and skills training needed to meet the needs of a growing economy. The CPS will support the private sector to help Timor-Leste’s transition from a public sector to a private sector–led economy.

Dili Bulletin No. 5

www.adb.org/publications/dili-bulletin-public-private-partnerships This edition answers questions on public–private partnerships and provides an update on the Strategic Development Plan 2011–2030, which makes use of public–private partnerships to provide strategic infrastructure.

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Economy
THE ECONOMIC SETTING
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March 2012
The Monitor provides an update of developments in Pacific economies and explores topical policy issues.

www.adb.org/pacmonitor
Highlights
Recent Developments. Economic growth in the Pacific region accelerated from 5.5% in 2010 to 6.8% in 2011. The major contributors to this performance were Papua New Guinea (PNG), Solomon Islands, and TimorLeste. However, growth in the Pacific islands also improved, rising from an average rate of 1.3% in 2010 to 2.6% in 2011. Increased value of agricultural production and higher tourist arrivals helped Fiji’s economy recover from contraction in 2010, increased phosphate exports lifted Nauru’s economy, and increased tourist arrivals contributed to faster economic growth in Palau. Spending related to infrastructure projects raised economic growth in Kiribati, the Republic of the Marshall Islands, the Federated States of Micronesia, Tuvalu, and Vanuatu. Inflation in the Pacific region rose from 5.6% in 2010 to 8.7% in 2011 due to higher global commodity prices in the first half of the year. Lagged effects of the price increases are still being felt in certain economies. Outlook. The global economy is projected to grow by 3.3% in 2012 (down from 3.8% in 2011), driven by ongoing sovereign debt problems and associated effects in Europe as well as relative stability in other major global economies. Growth in the Australian and New Zealand economies is expected to accelerate as a result of strong demand for exports and expenditure growth related to recovery from recent natural disasters. Slower global growth is expected to have modest and largely indirect effects on Pacific economies. Trade, investment, and banking ties between the Pacific economies and their primary economic partners, namely Australia and New Zealand (for the South Pacific) and the United States (for the North Pacific), will determine the magnitude and timing of impacts. ADB expects economic growth in the Pacific region to decelerate to 5.9% in 2012 and 4.0% in 2013. Depletion of oil reserves and easing of international commodity prices is expected to slow PNG’s economic growth. Reduced logging production, coupled with the completion of construction projects related to logging and mining, is seen to temper growth in Solomon Islands, although this is likely to be partially offset by a ramping up of gold production. The January 2012 floods in western Fiji adversely affected agricultural production, particularly of sugar, and can be expected to weaken tourism prospects for the year. Inflation in the Pacific region is expected to run at 6.3% in 2012 (from 8.7% in 2011) due largely to an easing in international food prices. International fuel prices are expected to remain stable, but are particularly at risk due to geopolitical concerns in the Middle East. Appreciating Pacific currencies may mitigate inflationary pressures. Economic policy and management. Four articles consider tools and processes for efficient management of budget resources. The first article outlines fiscal management models, discusses the structure and application of this simple accounting framework, and explains how such models have been used to highlight budgeting trade-offs over the long term. The next article reviews recent progress and challenges in implementing multiyear rolling budget frameworks in the Pacific. Another article highlights the high costs associated with countries’ failure to provide adequate funding for road maintenance and shows the long-term budget advantages of proper resourcing of road maintenance in Timor-Leste. A note discussing the implications of recent sovereign wealth fund management legislation on future development funding in PNG concludes this issue.

CONTENTS Highlights The Economic setting Economic conditions Pacific Islands Papua New Guinea Timor-Leste Economic policy and management Data
How to reach us pacmonitor@adb.org Asian Development Bank Pacific Department

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Apia Level 6 Central Bank of Samoa Bldg. Apia, Samoa Telephone: +685 34332 Dili ADB–World Bank Bldg., Avenida dos Direitos Humanos, Dili, Timor-Leste Telephone: +670 332 4801 Honiara Mud Alley Honiara, Solomon Islands Telephone: +677 21444 Manila 6 ADB Avenue, Mandaluyong City 1550 Metro Manila, Philippines Telephone: +63 2 632 4444 Nuku'alofa Fatafehi Street Tonga Development Bank Building Nuku’alofa, Tonga Telephone: +676 28290 Port Moresby Level 13 Deloitte Tower Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea Telephone: +675 321 0400/0408 Port Vila Level 5 Reserve Bank of Vanuatu Bldg. Port Vila, Vanuatu Telephone: +678 23610 Suva 5th Floor, Ra Marama Building 91 Gordon Street, Suva, Fiji Telephone: +679 331 8101 Sydney Level 18, One Margaret Street Sydney, NSW 2000, Australia Telephone: +612 8270 9444

Pacific Economic Monitor (February 2011)

www.adb.org/publications/pacific-economic-monitor-february-2011 This edition of the Pacific Economic Monitor discusses the 2011–2012 gross domestic product growth and inflation outlook for ADB’s Pacific developing member countries. Articles focus on macroeconomic forecasting.

Pacific Economic Monitor (July 2011)

www.adb.org/publications/pacific-economic-monitor-july-2011 This edition of the Pacific Economic Monitor provides updated projections of 2011– 2012 GDP growth and inflation for ADB’s Pacific developing member countries. Articles focus on managing external volatility for sustained economic growth.

Pacific Economic Monitor (December 2011)

www.adb.org/publications/pacific-economic-monitor-december-2011 This edition of the Pacific Economic Monitor examines 2011 budget outcomes and 2012 budget plans in ADB’s Pacific developing member countries. Articles focus on the theme of financial market issues affecting the Pacific.

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Policy-Based Programs for the Pacific Islands
The global economic crisis shook economies the world over (see Figure 1). The Pacific islands* were no exception (see Figures 2 and 3). Economies weakened significantly as their tourism, agriculture, and manufacturing industries slowed with the fall in global demand. Remittances declined by as much as 20% as source economies slowed. The value of the region’s public offshore investment funds shrank as international equity prices slumped. Underlying structural weaknesses and the residual effects of high inflation in late 2008 added to the severity and pace of the slowdown felt during 2009 and early 2010, as did natural disasters in Fiji, Samoa, and Tonga. The impacts were felt throughout the Pacific economies. Private sector performance worsened, and jobs were lost. Government revenues contracted, and essential services and critical investments in infrastructure and maintenance were placed at risk. Pressures were particularly intense in the Cook Islands, Fiji, the Republic of the Marshall Islands (RMI), Samoa, Solomon Islands, and Tonga.
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) Growth (%, annual) Figure 1: Global and Key Regional Partners
8 Australia United States New Zealand World

DRAFT
Policy Brief | November 2011

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4 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

Source: International Monetary Fund. 2011. World Economic Outlook Database. April.

Figure 2: In the Pacific
8 Pacific region Pacific islands (excluding PNG and Timor Leste)

A Package of Actions
To assist countries deal with the effects of the crisis, the Asian Development Bank (ADB) implemented a multipronged, policy-based response. The approach used was based on solid diagnostics, and communication and awareness-raising initiatives to ensure a cohesive country-led approach. It built in a long-term engagement for assisting countries manage the aftereffects of the global economic crisis, and the underlying structural weaknesses that aggravated its impact on the Pacific islands. Analytical and Policy Support. ADB released a policy paper, Navigating the Global Storm, in April 2009 to provide an early view of the impacts of the global economic crisis. The paper highlighted the risks posed by the fall in world demand, as well as the sharp decline in the value of trust funds and superannuation schemes. This paper was followed by Taking the Helm, which provided a common policy framework to guide a response to the crisis and laid the foundation for policy dialogue.
*The use of the term “Pacific islands” in the context of this policy brief refers to all Pacific developing member countries with the exception of Papua New Guinea and Timor-Leste.

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4 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

Sources: ADB Pacific Economic Monitor, Asian Development Outlook, and Asian Development Outlook Updates, various editions.

Figure 3: In the Most Affected Pacific Island Economies
2009 2010e RMI Samoa Solomon Islands Tonga 4 0 4 8 2011p

Cook Islands

e= estimate, p = provisional, RMI = Republic of the Marshall Islands. Source: ADB.

Policy-Based Programs for the Pacific Islands

www.adb.org/publications/policy-based-programs-pacific-islands Helping Pacific island governments respond to the economic and fiscal shock of the global economic crisis, ADB’s policy-based programs proved a valuable tool in helping countries tackle the variety of challenges they faced. Ongoing support to strengthen their resilience to future shocks is needed.

Energy
Energy
Update 2011

Pacific

21/06/11 8:22:26 AM

Pacific Energy Update 2011

www.adb.org/documents/pacific-energy-update-2011 ADB is providing support for the rehabilitation and expansion of power sector infrastructure, improvement in electricity access rates, expansion of renewable energy generation, and improving efficiency of energy use. ADB is currently implementing energy sector projects in 11 Pacific countries (the Cook Islands, Fiji, the Marshall Islands, the Federated States of Micronesia, Nauru, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga, Timor-Leste, and Vanuatu). This document provides an update of the existing 2011 portfolio of Pacific energy sector projects and a summary of requested assistance for 2012.
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Health
Pacific Studies Series

Sustainable Health Care Financing in the Republic of Palau

Sustainable Health Care Financing in the Republic of Palau

www.adb.org/publications/sustainable-health-care-financing-republic-palau This policy brief describes the successful development in 2008–2009 of draft legislation aimed at reforming health care financing in Palau, and its enactment by the legislature and signature by the country’s president in 2010.

Political Economy
Pacif ic Studies Series

The Political Economy of Economic Reform in the Pacific
Edited by Ron Duncan

The Political Economy of Economic Reform in the Pacific

www.adb.org/publications/political-economy-economic-reform-pacific This publication, prepared as background for the Pacific Approach, comprises a set of studies by researchers who examined the political economy of the Pacific developing member countries within different disciplinary frameworks.

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Private Sector

Finding Balance 2011: Benchmarking the Performance of StateOwned Enterprises in Fiji, Marshall Islands, Samoa, Solomon Islands, and Tonga

www.adb.org/publications/finding-balance-2011-benchmarking-performancestate-owned-enterprises-fiji-marshall-isl The purpose of this study is to review the progress of state-owned enterprise reform in Fiji, the Marshall Islands, Samoa, Solomon Islands, and Tonga, to demonstrate the benefits of reform, and to identify successful reform strategies to inform future policy action.

Pacific Private Sector Development Initiative

Annual Progress Report 2010

Pacific Private Sector Development Initiative Annual Progress Report 2010

www.adb.org/documents/pacific-private-sector-development-initiative-annualprogress-report-2010 This fourth annual progress report of the Pacific Private Sector Development Initiative (PSDI) documents, PSDI Phase 2, approved in December 2009.

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Pacific PSD Quarterly
A Newsletter on Private Sector Development in the Pacific Issue No. 2 March 2011

Registries Help the Private Sector
he Asian Development Bank (ADB), in conjunction with the New Zealand Companies Office (NZCO) of the Ministry of Economic Development held its second Business Registries Study Tour and Workshop in Auckland, New Zealand on 4–5 March 2011. The event was organized specifically for Pacific countries that are currently undertaking or considering reform. Seven countries were represented at the workshop, which was attended by business registrars and business people from the Cook Islands, Federated States of Micronesia (FSM), Papua New Guinea (PNG), Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga, and Vanuatu. Also in attendance were representatives from the Australian Agency for International Development (AusAID), International Finance Corporation, and NZCO. The sessions covered such topics as the economic rationale and benefits from registries, software issues, and status reports from participants on their registries and reform plans. Business registries provide a central repository of information regarding who may commit companies to contracts and provide an address for the serving of legal notices. They are essential for an effective business environment. The Pacific has tra-

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ditionally relied upon paper-based registries, which arose from outdated laws and regulations that did not effectively support modern commercial activity. With assistance from the ADB Pacific Private Sector Development Initiative (PSDI), a number of Pacific countries have either completed or are in the process of modernizing their company laws. The progress has been impressive. In Samoa, Solomon Islands, and Tonga, Companies Acts have either been amended or replaced altogether. Other countries such as PNG and Vanuatu are currently in the process of reforming their company laws. Once new laws are enacted, paperbased registries can be replaced with efficient electronic company registries that have features that are specifically tailored to the needs of Pacific countries. Solomon Islands recently launched its new electronic registry. Now it is possible to register a company in less than a day, whereas in the past, this could take several months. In addition, the new registry reduces costs significantly—fees are reasonable and the ease of incorporation eliminates the need to consult with expensive professionals. Since the registry is online, it can be accessed even from remote areas. Entrepre-

neurs wishing to incorporate no longer need to travel to where the registry is physically located. The online facility provides accurate information, which is available for searching 24 hours a day. The new company registries are made possible through the joint efforts of ADB and AusAID, who provide funding and technical expertise; the host governments; and the NZCO, which provides ongoing technical support, training, and hosting. Extending this formula throughout the Pacific will ensure that the registries are maintained, are sustainable, and will serve the countries for generations. The business registry conference also discussed the secured transactions registries, which have been introduced in a number of Pacific countries over the past 5 years following a wave of secured transactions legal reform. New laws and registries are operational in the Republic of the Marshall Islands, FSM, Solomon Islands, and Vanuatu. Tonga is scheduled to launch its electronic registry in April 2011. PNG and Samoa are currently in the process of secured transactions reform. The next edition of the Pacific PSD Quarterly will discuss these developments in greater detail.

Participants of the Business Registries Study Tour and Workshop in Auckland, New Zealand.

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Pacific PSD Quarterly Issue No. 2

www.adb.org/publications/pacific-psd-quarterly-march-2011 The ADB Pacific Private Sector Development Initiative and the New Zealand Companies Office hosted the second Pacific Business Registries Study Tour and Workshop on 4–5 March 2011 in Auckland, New Zealand.

Pacific PSD Quarterly Issue No. 3

www.adb.org/publications/pacific-psd-quarterly-june-2011 This issue features the ADB-hosted Pacific Leaders’ Retreat on State-Owned Enterprise (SOE) Reform and key messages from ADB’s updated study on SOEs in the region, illustrates how access to savings services is a key step to greater financial inclusion in the remote villages of Papua New Guinea, and discusses lessons learned from the privatization of Sasape Marina in Solomon Islands.

Pacific PSD Quarterly Issue No. 4

www.adb.org/publications/pacific-psd-quarterly-november-2011 This issue discusses the Barriers to Private Sector Development in the Region; Secured Transactions Reform and Electronic Registries Promote Access to Finance in the Pacific; Banco Nacional de Comercio de Timor-Leste becomes the Nation’s first locally owned commercial bank; and Business Law Reforms boost Solomon Islands Doing Business ranking.

10

Corporate Brochures
COOK ISLANDS, FIJI, KIRIBATI, SAMOA, TONGA, TUVALU

South Pacific Subregional Office
Relevant, Responsive, and Results-Focused

South Pacific Subregional Office brochure

www.adb.org/publications/south-pacific-subregional-office-relevant-responsiveand-results-focused This brochure provides an overview of the South Pacific Subregional Office of ADB, which serves as the focal point for programming, processing, and administration of assistance in the Cook Islands, Fiji, Kiribati, Samoa, Tonga, and Tuvalu.

Papua New Guinea Resident Mission

Papua New Guinea Resident Mission brochure

www.adb.org/publications/papua-new-guinea-resident-mission-brochure This brochure provides an overview of the Papua New Guinea Resident Mission of ADB.

11

Previous Titles
Capacity Development Series
www.adb.org/publications/series/capacity-development-series Published in 2009

A Tale of Two CDs: Capacity Development and Community Development in the Waste, Water, and Sanitation Sector in Kiribati Bridging the State–Society Gap: The Community Justice Liaison Unit of Papua New Guinea Building Capacity through Participation: Nauru National Sustainable Development Strategy Making Things Simpler?—Harmonizing Aid Delivery in the Cook Islands Reconstructing a Fragile State: Institutional Strengthening of the Ministry of Infrastructure Development in Solomon Islands Vanuatu Legal Sector Strengthening Program
Published in 2008

Learning from Success Improving Government A New Vision for the Health Sector in Tonga Fishing for Development From Dependency to Sustainability Responding to the Youth Crisis Revamping the Cook Islands Public Sector
12

Supporting Community-Based Capacity Development The Provincial Performance Improvement Initiative The Role of USPNet in Capacity Development in the South Pacific Region

Climate Change and Environment
Climate Change in the Pacific: Stepping Up Responses in the Face of Rising Impacts
Published in 2010 www.adb.org/documents/reports/climate-change-pac/default.asp

Responding to Climate Change in the Pacific: Moving From Strategy to Action

Published in 2010 www.adb.org/publications/responding-climate-change-pacific-moving-strategyaction

Mainstreaming Climate Change in ADB Operations: Climate Change Implementation Plan for the Pacific (2009–2015)

Published in 2009 www.adb.org/publications/mainstreaming-climate-change-adb-operationsclimate-change-implementation-plan-pacific-

Climate Proofing: A Risk-based Approach to Adaptation

Published in 2005 www.adb.org/publications/climate-proofing-risk-based-approach-adaptation

Pacific Region Environmental Strategy 2005–2009

www.adb.org/publications/pacific-region-environmental-strategy-2005-2009

Development Effectiveness
Samoa: Building a More Resilient Economy
Published in 2010 www.adb.org/publications/samoa-building-more-resilient-economy

Handle With Care: Impact Stories from Fragile Situations

Published in 2010 www.adb.org/publications/handle-care-impact-stories-fragile-situations

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Papua New Guinea: Building Solid Physical and Social Infrastructure

Published in 2009 www.adb.org/publications/papua-new-guinea-building-solid-physical-and-socialinfrastructure

Profiles of Progress: Papua New Guinea

Published in 2009 www.adb.org/publications/profiles-progress-papua-new-guinea

Pacific Impact Stories

Published in 2008 www.adb.org/publications/impact-stories-pacific

Economy and Trade
Taking the Helm: A Policy Brief on a Response to the Global Economic Crisis
Published in 2009 www.adb.org/publications/taking-helm-policy-brief-response-global-economiccrisis

What Works?—Better Policies and Practices for a Better Pacific

Published in 2009 www.adb.org/publications/what-works-better-policies-and-practices-better-pacific

Living with High Prices

Published in 2008 www.adb.org/publications/living-high-prices-policy-brief

Navigating the Global Storm

Published in 2008 www.adb.org/publications/navigating-global-storm-policy-brief-global-financialcrisis

Pacific Trade Issues

Published in 2008 www.adb.org/publications/pacific-studies-series-pacific-trade-issues

Trust Funds in the Pacific

Published in 2005 www.adb.org/publications/trust-funds-pacific-their-role-and-future

Remittances in the Pacific: An Overview

Published in 2005 www.adb.org/publications/remittances-pacific-overview

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Pursuing Economic Reform in the Pacific

Published in 1999 www.adb.org/publications/pursuing-economic-reform-pacific

Reforms in the Pacific: An Assessment of the Asian Development Bank’s Assistance for Reform Programs in the Pacific

Published in 1999 www.adb.org/publications/reforms-pacific-assessment-asian-development-banksassistance-reform-programs-pacific

Improving Growth Prospects in the Pacific

Published in 1998 www.adb.org/publications/improving-growth-prospects-pacific

Fisheries
Learning from Fisheries Centers in the Pacific
Published in 2010 www.adb.org/publications/learning-fisheries-centers-pacific-islands

Fisheries and Climate Change

Published in 2010 www.adb.org/publications/fisheries-and-climate-change

Fisheries and Fuel Prices

Published in 2010 www.adb.org/publications/fisheries-and-fuel-prices

Increasing Returns from Fisheries: Do’s and Don’ts for Policy Makers

Published in 2010 www.adb.org/publications/increasing-returns-fisheries-dos-and-donts-policy-makers

Fisheries in the Economies of the Pacific Island Countries and Territories

Published in 2010 www.adb.org/publications/fisheries-economies-pacific-island-countries-andterritories

Tuna for Tomorrow?

Published in 2008 available only in hard copy

While Stocks Last: The Live Reef Food Fish Trade

Published in 2003 www.adb.org/publications/while-stocks-last-live-reef-food-fish-trade
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The Contribution of Fisheries to the Economies of Pacific Island Countries
Published in 2002 www.adb.org/publications/contribution-fisheries-economies-pacific-islandcountries

Vanuatu: Policy Issues in the Fisheries and Forestry Sectors
Published in 2002 available only in hard copy

Tuna: A Key Economic Resource in the Pacific

Published in 2001 www.adb.org/publications/tuna-key-economic-resource-pacific

Vanuatu: Agriculture and Fisheries Sector Review 2000

Published in 2001 www.adb.org/publications/vanuatu-agriculture-and-fisheries-sector-review-2000

The Pacific’s Tuna: The Challenge of Investing in Growth

Published in 1997 www.adb.org/publications/pacifics-tuna-challenge-investing-growth

Governance
Strengthening Pacific Fragile States: The Marshall Islands Example
Published in 2009 www.adb.org/publications/strengthening-pacific-fragile-states-marshall-islandsexample

Governance in the Pacific: Focus for Action 2005–2009

Published in 2004 www.adb.org/publications/governance-pacific-focus-action-2005-2009

Financial Management and Governance Issues in Papua New Guinea

Published in 2000 www.adb.org/publications/financial-management-and-governance-issues-papuanew-guinea

Diagnostic Study of Accounting and Auditing Practices in the Marshall Islands

Published in 2002 www.adb.org/publications/diagnostic-study-accounting-and-auditing-practicesmarshall-islands

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Diagnostic Study of Accounting and Auditing Practices in the Republic of the Fiji Islands

Published in 2002 www.adb.org/publications/diagnostic-study-accounting-and-auditing-practicesrepublic-fiji-islands

Transparency to the People: Using Stakeholder Participation in the Public Sector Reform of Nauru and the Marshall Islands
Published in 2010 www.adb.org/publications/transparency-people-using-stakeholder-participationsupport-public-sector-reform-nauru-

Information and Communication Technology
Information and Communication Technology for Development in the Pacific
Published in 2003 www.adb.org/publications/information-and-communication-technologydevelopment-pacific

Pacific Islands Economic Reports
Cook Islands 2008 Social and Economic Report: Equity in Development
Published in 2008 www.adb.org/publications/cook-islands-2008-social-and-economic-report-equitydevelopment

Cook Islands 2001 Economic Report: Policies for Progress

Published in 2002 www.adb.org/publications/cook-islands-2001-economic-report-policies-progress

Republic of the Fiji Islands 1999 Economic Report

Published in 2000 www.adb.org/publications/republic-fiji-islands-1999-economic-report

Juumemmej: Republic of the Marshall Islands Social and Economic Report 2005
Published in 2006 www.adb.org/publications/juumemmej-republic-marshall-islands-social-andeconomic-report-2005

17

Republic of Marshall Islands: METO 2000 Economic Report and Statement of Development Strategies

Published in 2001 www.adb.org/publications/republic-marshall-islands-meto-2000-economic-reportand-statement-development-strategie

Marshall Islands: 1996 Economic Report

Published in 1997 www.adb.org/publications/marshall-islands-1996-economic-report

Federated States of Micronesia: 2005 Economic Report

Published in 2005 www.adb.org/publications/federated-states-micronesia-2005-economic-reporttoward-self-sustainable-economy

Federated States of Micronesia: 1996 Economic Report

Published in 1997 www.adb.org/publications/federated-states-micronesia-1996-economic-report

Kiribati Social and Economic Report 2008: Managing Development Risk

Published in 2009 www.adb.org/publications/kiribati-social-and-economic-report-2008-managingdevelopment-risk

Monetization in an Atoll Society: Managing Economic and Social Change in Kiribati

Published in 2002 www.adb.org/publications/monetization-atoll-society-managing-economic-andsocial-change-kiribati

Kiribati: 1997 Economic Report

Published in 1998 www.adb.org/publications/kiribati-1997-economic-report

Samoa 2000: Building on Recent Reforms
Published in 2000 www.adb.org/publications/samoa-2000

Solomon Islands: 1997 Economic Report

Published in 1998 www.adb.org/publications/solomon-islands-1997-economic-report

Solomon Islands: 2010 Economic Report

Published in 2010 www.adb.org/publications/solomon-islands-2010-economic-report

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Tonga: Economic Performance and Selected Development Issues

Published in 1997 www.adb.org/publications/tonga-economic-performance-and-selecteddevelopment-issues

Tuvalu 2006 Economic Report: From Plan to Action

Published in 2007 www.adb.org/publications/tuvalu-economic-report-2006-plan-action

Tuvalu 2002 Economic and Public Sector Review

Published in 2003 www.adb.org/publications/tuvalu-2002-economic-and-public-sector-review

Tuvalu: 1997 Economic Report

Published in 1998 www.adb.org/publications/tuvalu-1997-economic-report

Vanuatu Economic Report 2009: Accelerating Reform

Published in 2009 www.adb.org/publications/vanuatu-economic-report-2009-accelerating-reform

Vanuatu Economic Report 2009: Accelerating Reform (Executive Summary) French Version
Published in 2009 www.adb.org/sites/default/files/van-economic-report-2009-summary-fr.pdf

Vanuatu Economic Report 2001: Economic Performance and Challenges Ahead
Published in 2001 www.adb.org/publications/vanuatu-economic-performance-and-challengesahead-0

Vanuatu: Economic Performance, Policy and Reform Issues
Published in 1997 available only in hard copy

Political Economy
Political Economy of Economic Reform in the Pacific
Published in 2010 www.adb.org/publications/political-economy-economic-reform-pacific

State Performance and Capacity in the Pacific

Published in 2010 www.adb.org/publications/state-performance-and-capacity-pacific
19

Kiribati’s Political Economy and Capacity Development

Published in 2009 www.adb.org/publications/kiribatis-political-economy-and-capacity-development

Sociocultural Issues and Economic Development in the Pacific Islands
Published in 2006 available only in hard copy

Poverty
Priorities of the People: Hardship in Kiribati
Published in 2007 www.adb.org/publications/priorities-people-hardship-kiribati

Priorities of the People: Hardship in the Federated States of Micronesia

Published in 2004 www.adb.org/publications/priorities-people-hardship-federated-states-micronesia

Hardship and Poverty in the Pacific

Published in 2004 www.adb.org/publications/hardship-and-poverty-pacific

Priorities of the People: Hardship in Tonga

Published in 2004 www.adb.org/publications/priorities-people-hardship-tonga

Priorities of the People: Hardship in the Fiji Islands

Published in 2003 www.adb.org/publications/priorities-people-hardship-fiji-islands

Priorities of the People: Hardship in the Marshall Islands

Published in 2003 www.adb.org/publications/priorities-people-hardship-marshall-islands

Priorities of the People: Hardship in Tuvalu

Published in 2003 www.adb.org/publications/priorities-people-hardship-tuvalu

Priorities of the People: Hardship in Vanuatu

Published in 2003 www.adb.org/publications/priorities-people-hardship-vanuatu

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Millennium Development Goals in the Pacific: Relevance and Progress

Published in 2003 www.adb.org/publications/millennium-development-goals-pacific-relevance-andprogress

Priorities of the Poor in Papua New Guinea

Published in 2002 www.adb.org/publications/priorities-poor-papua-new-guinea

Priorities of the People: Hardship in Samoa

Published in 2002 www.adb.org/publications/priorities-people-hardship-samoa

Poverty: Is It An Issue in the Pacific?

Published in 2001 www.adb.org/publications/poverty-it-issue-pacific

Private Sector
Breaking Down the Barriers to Business in the Pacific: Private Sector Reform Stories
Published in 2010 www.adb.org/publications/breaking-down-barriers-business-pacific-private-sectorreform-stories

Pacific Private Sector Development Initiative: Annual Progress Report 2009

Published in 2010 www.adb.org/documents/pacific-private-sector-development-initiative-annualprogress-report-2009

Pacific PSD Quarterly Issue No. 1

Published in 2010 www.adb.org/publications/pacific-psd-quarterly-november-2010

Finding Balance: Making State-Owned Enterprises Work in Fiji, Samoa, and Tonga

Published in 2009 www.adb.org/publications/finding-balance-making-state-owned-enterprises-workfiji-samoa-and-tonga

Pacific Private Sector Development Initiative: Annual Progress Report 2008

Published in 2009 www.adb.org/documents/pacific-private-sector-development-initiative-annualprogress-report-2008

21

Reforming Pacific Contract Law

Published in 2009 www.adb.org/publications/reforming-pacific-contract-law

Sustaining Growth: A Private Sector Assessment for Vanuatu

Published in 2009 www.adb.org/documents/sustaining-growth-private-sector-assessment-vanuatu

Foundation for the Future: A Private Sector Assessment for Papua New Guinea
Published in 2008 www.adb.org/documents/foundation-future-private-sector-assessment-papuanew-guinea

Pacific Private Sector Development Initiative: Annual Progress Report 2007

Published in 2008 www.adb.org/documents/pacific-private-sector-development-initiative-annualprogress-report-2007

The Challenges of Doing Business in Papua New Guinea

Published in 2008 www.adb.org/publications/challenges-doing-business-papua-new-guinea

Transforming Tonga: A Private Sector Assessment

Published in 2008 www.adb.org/documents/transforming-tonga-private-sector-assessment

Swimming Against the Tide? An Assessment of the Private Sector in the Pacific
Published in 2004 www.adb.org/publications/swimming-against-tide-assessment-private-sectorpacific

Business Development Services in the Pacific
Published 2005 available only in hard copy

Financial Sector Development in the Pacific DMCs – Volume 1: Regional Report
Published in 2001 www.adb.org/publications/financial-sector-development-pacific-dmcs-volume1-regional-report Published in 2001 www.adb.org/publications/financial-sector-development-pacific-dmcs-volume2-country-report

Financial Sector Development in the Pacific DMCs – Volume 2: Country Report

22

Progress Reports on Timor-Leste
Ninth Progress Report
Published in 2005 www.adb.org/documents/timor-leste-ninth-progress-report

Eighth Progress Report

Published in 2004 www.adb.org/documents/timor-leste-eighth-progress-report

Seventh Progress Report

Published in 2004 www.adb.org/documents/timor-leste-seventh-progress-report

Sixth Progress Report

Published in 2003 www.adb.org/documents/timor-leste-sixth-progress-report

Fifth Progress Report

Published in 2002 www.adb.org/documents/timor-leste-fifth-progress-report

Fourth Progress Report on East Timor

Published in 2002 www.adb.org/documents/timor-leste-fourth-progress-report

Transport Sector Master Plan for East Timor

Published in 2002 www.adb.org/publications/transport-sector-master-plan-east-timor

Mid-Term Progress Report

Published in 2001 www.adb.org/Documents/Conference/EastTimor/Midterm_Progress_Report/MTEast-Timor.pdf

Second Progress Report on East Timor

Published in 2001 www.adb.org/documents/conference/easttimor/Second_Progress_Report/spret.pdf

Trust Fund for East Timor: East Timor Rehabilitation and Development

Published in 2000 www.adb.org/documents/trust-fund-east-timor-tfet-east-timor-rehabilitation-anddevelopment

23

Social Development
Weaving Social Safety Nets
Published in 2010 www.adb.org/publications/weaving-social-safety-nets

Skilling the Pacific

Published in 2008 www.adb.org/publications/skilling-pacific-technical-and-vocational-education-andtraining-pacific

Cultures and Contexts Matter: Understanding and Preventing HIV in the Pacific
Published in 2007 www.adb.org/publications/cultures-and-contexts-matter-understanding-andpreventing-hiv-pacific

Economic and Social Development Brief

Published in 2007 www.adb.org/publications/economic-and-social-development-brief

Socially Inclusive and Gender-Responsive Transport Projects: A Case Study of the Timor-Leste Road Sector Improvement Project

Published in 2007 www.adb.org/publications/socially-inclusive-and-gender-responsive-transportprojects-timor-leste-road-improvement-project

Better Learning, Better Future: Education and Training Sector Strategy for the Pacific

Published in 2005 www.adb.org/publications/better-learning-better-future-education-and-trainingstrategy-pacific

Moving Toward a Sector-Wide Approach: Papua New Guinea—The Health Sector Development Program Experience
Published in 2003 www.adb.org/publications/moving-toward-sector-wide-approach-health-sectordevelopment-program-png

Indigenous Peoples/Ethnic Minorities and Poverty Reduction in Pacific Region
Published in 2002 www.adb.org/publications/indigenous-peoples-ethnic-minorities-and-povertyreduction-pacific-region

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Regional Strategy
ADB’s Pacific Approach 2010–2014
Published in 2009 www.adb.org/publications/adbs-pacific-approach-2010-2014

Working in Fragile Environments: A Midterm Review of the Pacific Strategy (2005–2009)

Published in 2008 www.adb.org/documents/working-fragile-environments-midterm-review-pacificstrategy-2005-2009

Toward a New Pacific Regionalism

Published in 2005 www.adb.org/publications/toward-new-pacific-regionalism

Responding to the Priorities of the Poor: A Pacific Strategy for the Asian Development Bank 2005–2009

Published 2004 www.adb.org/documents/responding-priorities-poor-pacific-strategy-asian-development-bank-2005-2009

A Pacific Strategy for the New Millennium

Published 2000 www.adb.org/publications/pacific-strategy-new-millennium

Transport and Energy
Taking Control of Oil: Managing Dependence on Petroleum Fuels in the Pacific
Published in 2010 www.adb.org/publications/taking-control-oil-managing-dependence-petroleumfuels-pacific

Oceanic Voyages: Aviation and Shipping in the Pacific Region (Executive Summary)

Published in 2007 www.adb.org/publications/oceanic-voyages-aviation-and-shipping-pacific-region

Oceanic Voyages: Aviation in the Pacific

Published in 2007 www.adb.org/publications/oceanic-voyages-aviation-and-shipping-pacific-region

Oceanic Voyages: Shipping in the Pacific

Published in 2007 www.adb.org/publications/oceanic-voyages-shipping-pacific
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A Different Kind of Voyage: Development and Dependence in the Pacific Islands
Published in 1998 www.adb.org/publications/different-kind-voyage-development-and-dependencepacific-islands

Timor-Leste: Road Sector Investment Planning in the Pacific— An Example of Good Practice

Published in 2007 www.adb.org/publications/road-sector-investment-planning-pacific-examplegood-practice-timor-leste

Power Sector Development Plan for Timor-Leste

Published in 2004 www.adb.org/publications/power-sector-development-plan-timor-leste

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Pacific Department 2011 Compendium of Knowledge Products This contains the publications produced in 2011 and lists some of the major publications of earlier years. About the Asian Development Bank ADB’s vision is an Asia and Pacific region free of poverty. Its mission is to help its developing member countries reduce poverty and improve the quality of life of their people. Despite the region’s many successes, it remains home to two-thirds of the world’s poor: 1.8 billion people who live on less than $2 a day, with 903 million struggling on less than $1.25 a day. ADB is committed to reducing poverty through inclusive economic growth, environmentally sustainable growth, and regional integration. Based in Manila, ADB is owned by 67 members, including 48 from the region. Its main instruments for helping its developing member countries are policy dialogue, loans, equity investments, guarantees, grants, and technical assistance.

Asian Development Bank 6 ADB Avenue, Mandaluyong City 1550 Metro Manila, Philippines www.adb.org Publication Stock No. ARM124707
June 2012 Printed on recycled paper Printed in the Philippines

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