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GalvaPulse

 

for ELECTRICAL RESIST ANCE, HALF-CELL POTENTIALS , & CORROSION RATE

     
   
GalvaPulse for ELECTRICAL RESIST ANCE, HALF-CELL POTENTIALS , & CORROSION RATE • • Features Estimation of
   
     

Features

Estimation of the reinforcement Reliable evaluation of reinforcement

corrosion rate in less than 10 seconds. corrosion in anaerobic concrete

environment. Half-cell potential along wi th the electrical resistance of the cover lay er.

Lightweight electrode, handheld computer and easy-to-operate

software.

• Durable guard ring system for focusing the current field to the reinforcement.

Measurement on uneven and rough surfaces.

 

• Easy data export to Windows PCs for plotting of data.

ROGERTEC ®
ROGERTEC ®

Rogertec

Rua Correia de Araújo, 131 Barra da Tijuca - Rio de Janeiro Cep 22611-060 - RJ - Brasil

Tel.: (21)3154-3250 / 3154-3251 Fax.: (21) 3154-3259

     
 

GalvaPulse '

 
System Overview

System Overview

 

Germann Instruments’

GalvaPulse utilizes the

galvanostatic pulse method, which is the latest technique for assessing the risk of corrosion to

the reinforcement

in concrete structures.

Trad itional corrosion mapping can lead to

misinterpretation

of potential readings when

encountering an extremely wet, dense or

polymer-modified

concrete that has limited

access to oxygen. The galvanostatic pulse method induces a short

duration anodic current pulse into the reinforcement

galvaostatically

via a measuring

cell that consists of three elements: a counter electrode, a reference electrode and a

guard ring (See next page). The applied current is usually in the range of 5 to 400µA.

The typical duration of the

current pulse is up to 10 seconds. The reference electrode records the resulting

change in electro-chemical

potential of the reinforcement

as a function of polarization

time. As with other corrosion mapping systems, the concrete cover must be exposed to determine that each length of reinf orcement be intact electricall y. For estimating the corrosion rate, the rebar size needs to be known.

Estimating Corrosion Rate By utilizing the ohmic resistance (electrical resistance), the DC polarization resistance over time,
Estimating
Corrosion
Rate
By utilizing the ohmic resistance (electrical
resistance), the DC polarization resistance
over time, and the applied current, the
corrosion current can be estimated with
the Stern Geary equation.
When the diameter of the corroding
reinforcement
and its exposed length are
known, the confined reinforcement
can be calculated.
Faraday’s law of electrical equivalence
area
states that 1mA/cm2 corresponds to a cross section loss of approximately
10mm/
year . The corrosion rate can be estimated b y the fo
llowing equation.
Corrosion Rate ~ 10.I
/A
corr
The corrosion rate is in µm/year .
I corr is the corrosion current in
µA.
“A” is the confined area of the reinfo rcement in cm 2 .
ROGERTEC ®
ROGERTEC ®

Rogertec

Rua Correia de Araújo,131 Barra da Tijuca - Rio de Janeiro Cep 22611-060 - RJ - Brasil

Tel.: (21)3154-3250 / 3154-3251

Fax.: (21)3154-3259

GalvaPulse ' Three-element measuring cell The design of the three-element measuring cell is due to the
GalvaPulse '
Three-element
measuring
cell
The design of the three-element
measuring cell is due to the nature of real
world RC structures. The GalvaPulse’ s
counter electrode is much smaller than
that of the reinforcement,
resulting in the
electrical signal tending to vanish with
increasing cover to the reinforcement.
As a result, the measured effective
polarization resistance cannot be connot
be converted to a corrosion rate unless a
second concentric counter electrode is used. This guard ring confines the applied
current to an area equivalent to the first counter electrode.
 

PSION Workabout

datalogger

PSION Workabout datalogger

A PSION Workabout handheld computer recor ds the data, which

can be downloaded to a Windows-based

software for print out on

an IBM-compatible

PC. The readings can be exported to Microsoft

Excel. The suplied “GalvaPulse Data Veiwing and Reporting Program” can graphically display the potentials, electrical resistance and corrosion rate in 2D or 3D charts. A pulse generator to supply the applied current is mounted on the

back of the PSION.

back of the PSION.

To check the perf ormance of the GalvaPulse, a concrete sample cast with a corroding rebar and a stainless steel bar is supplied with the kit.

Data Viewing Graphics Corrosion activity represent in color as 2D o r 3D
Data Viewing
Graphics
Corrosion activity
represent in color
as
2D
o
r
3D
ROGERTEC ®
ROGERTEC ®

Rogertec

Rua Correia de Araújo,131 Barra da Tijuca - Rio de Janeiro Cep 22611-060 - RJ - Brasil

Tel.: (21)3154-3250 / 3154-3251 Fax.: (21)3154-3259

GalvaPulse ' GP-5000 GalvaPulse Kit contains: • PSION Workabout computer/datalogger with installed GalvaPulse software and attached
GalvaPulse '
GP-5000 GalvaPulse
Kit contains:
• PSION Workabout computer/datalogger
with installed GalvaPulse software and
attached pulse
gener ator .
Measuring cell
with 6 meter cable.
Sponge for measuring cell.
Reinfo rcement locator .
Reinfo
rcement
conductivity meter .
Cable for data transfer to PC.
Supplied
sperately
with kit:
Measuring cable, banana plugs.
Two adjustable clamping pliers.
Four spare batteries for PSION.
Bottle of tap water .
12mm and 18mm drill bits.
Emery cloth.
Two reinf orcement adaptors.
10mm Al len key.
Hammer .
Measuring tape.
Cable drum with 15 meters of cable.
• Concrete sample with a corroding
rebar and a stainless steel rebar .
Dimensions of sample may vary
with kit.
• Chalk.
CD-ROM with GalvaPulse Data Viewing
and Reporting Program for Windows PC
Manuals.
• Foam-lined carrying case.
ROGERTEC ®
ROGERTEC ®

Rogertec

Rua Correia de Araújo,131 Barra da Tijuca - Rio de Janeiro Cep 22611-060 - RJ - Brasil

Tel.: (21)3154-3250 / 3154-3251 Fax.: (21)3154-3259