This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
of individuals with technical skills or knowledge. The reasons usually include two aspects which respectively come from countries and individuals. Countries: 1. social environment (in source countries: lack of opportunities, political instability, economic depression, health risks, etc.; 2. in host countries: rich opportunities, political stability and freedom, developed economy, better living conditions, etc.). Individual: 1. there are family influence (overseas relatives) 2. personal preference: preference for exploring, ambition for an improved career, etc. Although the term originally referred to technology workers leaving a nation, the meaning has broadened into: "the departure of educated or professional people from one country, economic sector, or field for another, usually for better pay or living conditions". Brain drain is usually regarded as an economic cost, since emigrants usually take with them the fraction of value of their training sponsored by the government or other organizations. It is a parallel of capital flight, which refers to the same movement of financial capital. Brain drain is often associated with de-skilling of emigrants in their country of destination, while their country of emigration experiences the draining of skilled individuals. The term brain drain was coined by the Royal Society to describe the emigration of "scientists and technologists" to North America from post-war Europe. Another source indicates that this term was first used in the United Kingdom to describe the influx of Indian scientist and engineers. The converse phenomenon is "brain gain", which occurs when there is a largescale immigration of technically qualified persons. There are also relevant phrases called "brain circulation" and "brain waste". Brain Drain in Asia Countries like china, Pakistan, Russia and India are also facing problems of brain-drain. Unemployment, population explosion and corrupt political
teachers. But to hold these skilled workers at their native places. experienced and skilled professionals are not getting enough opportunities to develop and succeed. it is very important to stop the phenomena of brain-drain. What Is Brain Gain? On the other hand brain-gain is just an opposite situation to brain-drain. So with dreams of development these professionals leave their native country in search of better future. it is also important to provide them enough work opportunities and living facilities. Moreover. they provide better facilities and life styles. This brain-drain is a great loss to these developing countries. So that each and every human of this planet can have good standard of living and each and every nation can introduce itself as a developed nation. Indeed the massive amount of income they're bringing in to the country through their remittances has been keeping the country's economy afloat for many years and counting. Examples include. Filipinos have already been immigrating to other nations like the USA. For this purpose. This will help a particular country to use all local skilled citizens for development and proliferation. Canada and UK. . Pakistan. Middle East. These countries are having brain-gain because these nations are rich and have enough work opportunities. and many others who received such a high level of university training only to apply their knowledge and expertise in other countries. Australia and many other countries to find work in order to send money back home. Conclusion For the balance of power and for the staggered development of the world. seamen. A report from Geneva's International Labour Office showed that the number of professional workers who went abroad exceeded the net addition to the professionals in the workforce during the 1990s. Brain Drain in the Philippines Starting at around the 1970s. engineers. Countries in which skilled workers are migrating are said to brain-gaining countries. nurses. Canada.systems are main reasons for migration of skilled workers from Asia.USA. Bangladesh etc graduates. In countries like India. post graduates. developed nations should help developing countries with necessary money and resources. Highly skilled physicians.
is still challenged to be able to produce something from within and be able to export goods and services for a more sustainable income. however? There is no direct information on the actual magnitude of brain drain from the Philippines and how much this has changed over time. . simply ask around and visit the homes of some families whose a family member is an OFW (Overseas Filipino Worker) and you'll often find that they're living way better than most Filipinos. I think. For example. one survey in the seventies indicated that the number of physicians in the United States amounted to half of the registered physicians in the Philippines. Although the remittances from these workers are good for the Philippine economy. just go to the POEA/OWWA offices anywhere in the country and you will see that everyday. Occasional surveys may reveal the extent of location of Philippine professionals but there is no regular monitoring of movements. hundreds of Filipinos would be there processing their applications or renewing their contracts all hoping to go out of the country and work. New UP policy aims to stop brain drain of young doctors Teddy Maranan. So for most OFWs. people won't have to go somewhere else to find that elusive "Greener Pasture". it is not sustainable.S. Source: Skilled Labour Migration from Developing Countries: Study on the Philippines Even without the numbers. Medicine student at the University of the Philippines (UP) in Manila. The Philippines. 21. the reason really is just one word: economic. when the businesses within the country become globally competitive with good salary grids. is an incoming freshman B. It's not hard to see why. In addition.What is this doing to the local workforce.
Data from the UP College of Medicine showed that more than 80 percent of their graduates eventually leave the country to practice medicine overseas." which has plagued the country's different sectors." Alberto Roxas. kung ayaw mo [pumirma ng contract]. Iskolar ng Bayan . however. Teddy said he chose to study at the state-run institution because the Philippine General Hospital. so it is but fitting that the students pay this subsidy back through service to the country. is a measure aimed at addressing the growing problem of "brain drain. in the past years. Teddy will be required to stay and work in the country. and School of Health Sciences. considered the university's leading teaching hospital. According to a document posted on the UP Manila website describing the program.Having graduated with a B.S. said graduates of the Medicine program will be required to serve the country for three years after graduation. "[This program] is voluntary. introduced in several colleges in UP Manila this school year. College of Public Health. College of Pharmacy. has a patient pool that is "unmatched" in the country. particularly the healthcare industry. College of Dentistry. while other colleges will require at least two years of service to the country. the colleges that are covered for the first years of implementation include the College of Allied Medical Profession (CAMP)." Roxas clarified." Roxas said the government subsidizes approximately 80 percent of medical education in the College of Medicine. "Ibig sabihin. College of Nursing. After graduating and becoming a full-fledged doctor. College of Medicine. Psychology degree from UP Diliman. In an interview with GMA News' "Unang Balita. eh 'di huwag kang pumasok sa UP. but it is an absolute requirement for admission. and the number has been increasing in the past 10 years. Dean of UP Manila's College of Medicine. in light of a recent policy—called the Return Service Program (RSP) —implemented by the university. The RSP.
please disabuse yourself. "If any of you have little ambitions of going abroad so that you can earn more. . you've got to be in the country. as it is immortalized in what UP students have come to be known for: "Iskolar ng Bayan. since he had no plans of leaving the country for employment." Mixed reactions Many Filipino Internet users shared Monsod's view." Maranan told GMA News Online. He said he was not discouraged by the policy in continuing his UP education. whose video footage of a "last lecture" delivered at the end of one of her classes drew widespread attention online. "It's like the government is making an investment in our education.To every UP graduate." Maranan pointed out. anyway. This call to serve the Filipino people is a point often raised by veteran economist and UP School of Economics Professor Solita "Winnie" Monsod. the act of "giving back" to the country after graduation is no foreign concept." or scholars of the people. who said he thinks the new policy is "fair" and that it only makes sense. This is a concept not lost on Maranan. "If you are going to help this country. saying it is only right for UP students to give back to the taxpayers who funded their college education." Monsod ardently stressed. I have my whole life of being a doctor ahead of me. and having a policy like that only ensures that their investment pays off. because by doing that you are essentially betraying the people in the Philippines who trusted you and who invested their money in you. "Two or three years [are not] so bad.
on the other hand. sa una tama! Pero on the other side of the coin. hindi ba dapat inculcated na sa kanila yung values to serve the country? Parang 'coerced' ka. "The taxes we've been paying are the money that is being utilized for them to get quality education! They should have a sense of debt of gratitude to our nation by serving it for a short time. A clear. "Serve in the country. But the word 'required'? Hmmm. but this hasn't been happening. "Well. and afterwards. welcomed the move. we all know that they are intelligent. "Why two years lang?" he asked. Let their freedom 'democratize' the way na parehong walang masasaktan. "It's pretty obvious that UP students ought to give back to the Filipino taxpayers.. who said: "Mas mainam po siguro kung lifetime. Paul Jimenez." Not many. I think. I totally agree. admininitiated rule ought to do the trick. UP students. wanted a lengthier rule. however. meanwhile. for obvious inconsistencies with the essence of the policy. on the other hand. were impressed by UP Manila's new directive. saying it could inspire UP students to give more to the country. on the other hand.Facebook user Mark Villanueva said. questioned the need to dictate to students their career choices.. parang mali naman yata na diktahan ang isang tao sa kanyang kagustuhan. Pilipinas po dapat ang makinabang sa kanilang angking talento. Say 4 to 5?" This was an opinion shared by Luzviminda Sabater Manalo. ." Franz dela Fuente. UP [graduates] must use and/or practice [their] skills here in the Philippines. felt the need to point out the obvious: "The intention is very noble and timely." he said. "It should be more. they can go wherever they like to!" Ray Soberano. Maggie Gallardo-Ninobla. sana hindi naman. sa dami ng jobless and low employment rate eh paano kung wala silang mahanap na job?" asked Mikhail Angeles Ortiz." she said.
" he pointed out. echoed Ninobla's point.Labor exports Kabataan party-list Rep. Raymond Palatino. instead of implementing a mandatory policy. "The irony here is that UP is a state agency requiring students to stay in the country. pero yung commitment nila ay wala doon." he stressed. In a phone interview with GMA News Online. because we have to balance the right of people to travel. but it is the national government that is continuing to implement a labor export policy. is to inculcate in the students' mindsets the need to serve the country. Iisipin nila. tapos na 'ko. eh. Palatino said a better. He said the challenge for UP. and at the same time we have to address the brain drain." he said. long-term approach would be to re-orient the students as early as elementary and high school about the need to serve the country. meanwhile. "Delicate itong situation na ito in a sense. Palatino said serving the country should be a voluntary effort by the student." he said. It's a desperate measure. . 'So I served my country for two years. "If they are required to stay in the country for two years.' Shortcut. "Isipin mo 'yung magiging impact ng ganong waiver sa estudyante. Palatino likewise pointed out the obvious inconsistencies with the policy's intentions against the national government's labor policies. defeated din yung purpose to maximize their skills for the community.
pwedeng ma-mitigate natin 'yung impact ng brain drain. . sila ang mapupunta sa mga munisipyo na walang doktor dati. local government units and the Doctors to the Barrios program. The Department of Labor of Employment (DOLE). Isipin mo 'yan. May mga trabaho pero hindi nakaakma doon sa tinapos ng estudyante. by 2016. 480 medical graduates who are staying in the Philippines to serve the country. Local job market UP's Roxas said the challenge for the program right now is finding appropriate employment for the first few batches who would be graduating in the next three years. The College of Medicine dean said they are coordinating with the Department of Health to absorb the graduates into programs in government hospitals."Young people are leaving not because they are unpatriotic. saying it could contribute to underemployment in the country." he said. three classes na 'yun ng College of Medicine ang nasa Pilipinas. "Talagang sa pamamagitan nito. but because we don't have opportunities here." he added. "The issue in the market today is the job-skills mismatch. "Ang challenge dito. said the sufficiency of job opportunities in the country is not a problem." the DOLE official said. In another phone interview with GMA News Online. however. an official of DOLE's Bureau of Local Employment who refused to be identified. is a bit skeptical about the new policy." he pointed out.
"In healthcare. especially in the field of medicine. Cruz cited the case of world-renowned boxer Manny Pacquiao and singer Charice Pempengco. East-West collaborations In a recent forum at the UP College of Medicine. why not for medicine?" Cruz asked. whose skills." he noted. nagkakaroon na ng market sa BPO. were enhanced by Americans. —with Candice Montenegro/KBK/HS. In his speech. If this collaboration is possible for entertainment. a "balikbayan" doctor admonished Monsod for her remarks against those who chose to leave the country and work abroad. or those who provide medical advise through the phone. Dr. GMA News . and underscored the importance of collaborating with other nations. Merong mga medical transcriptionists. "It shows the fusion and synergy of the US and the Philippines. he said the graduates may be absorbed by upcoming industries such as the Business Process Outsourcing (BPO) sector. said "East-West collaborations" in the field of medicine should be explored. and the knowledge and experience of Filipino doctors overseas must be "embraced and utilized" to optimize the medical training being done in the Philippines. Cruz said. Ponciano Cruz Jr.In terms of healthcare professionals who will be graduating under the program.
This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
We've moved you to where you read on your other device.
Get the full title to continue listening from where you left off, or restart the preview.