Canada

Environment Envlronnement
Canada

Canada

Domestic Engagement on Climate Change Negotiations

Why did we engage stakeholders?
Strong commitment of Minister Prentice to meaningful consultation and engagement The UNFCCC negotiations are essentially public; many stakeholder groups are accredited to the process Lack of engagement in the past has negatively affected relations with interested constituencies

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How did we engage stakeholders?
Public dialogue on the policy issues related to the climate change negotiations
• • • Provided opportunities to understand and comment on the negotiation process Kept constituencies updated on the evolution of Canada's position and objectives Sought views on issues of interest

Implemented an approach based on best practices The results informed our decision-making processes
• In particular, the PITs provided useful advice and perspectives during the 2009 negotiations
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What did we achieve?
Enhanced relationships with all constituencies, Provinces and Territories

particularly with

A discussion based on analysis and facts helped foster good-will and contributed to building trust

Precluded criticisms based on lack of inclusiveness or transparency Increased capacity, intelligence gathering, and analysis of stakeholders positions Seamless and cohesive execution of the strategy
• The Chief Negotiator provided flexibility and facilitated contacts with stakeholders
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Provinces and Territories
Minister Prentice met with his counterparts and several Premiers
• Mandated Chief Negotiator to conduct formal and ongoing consultations with officials

Experience exceeded Provinces and Territories' expectations Consultation is an iterative process that requires continuous improvements
• • • • Additional opportunities to discuss technical issues in details Linkages with other relevant FPT forum (e.g. National Sink Committee) Preparation of the delegates prior to COP More predictable engagement of ministers prior to and at the COP

Many issues raised are related to the domestic and continental frameworks

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Provinces and Territories
The Minister committed to continue to consult Provinces and Territories in 2010
• What role would the Minister want to play in 201 O? • Will we include PTs on the delegation at the COP and in other meetings? • • We will explore opportunities to increase linkages with other relevant FPT forum (e.g. CCFM) As capacity increases, we could also seek input on technical issues

In 2010, consultation would be geared towards institutionalizing current process
• •

the

Developed terms of references of the working group to codify the way we have been working last year Meetings aligned with intemational meetings schedule (e.g. May, prior and post COP16) complemented by monthly or quarterly calls
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Aboriginal Organizations
The Chief Negotiator engaged National Aboriginal Organizations
• • The Dept provided financial assistance

(NAOs)

to enable effective participation

NAOs were appreciative of the openness to discuss and listen to their needs (e.g. language on Arctic, sea ice and snow)

The process in place partially address the interests and concerns of Aboriginal organizations and of the Federal government
• • The lack of capacity among Aboriginal organizations is putting pressure on the process and limit their ability to provide strong policy input Aboriginal forward peoples are likely to request greater inclusion and support moving

The uncertainty around the "duty to consult" in the context of historical and modem treaties require on-going information gathering and analysis
• • Whether or not a duty to consult will arise from the Copenhagen Accord? We will work with others (DFAIT, Legal Services, Justice) to stay current

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Aboriginal Organizations
At this time, and in the absence of certainty about the duty to consult, establishing ongoing relations with key Aboriginal organizations and build capacity may help mitigating risks What form will it take?
• Innovative approaches aimed at building capacity such as workshops, technical briefings, and targeted training • On-going communications with Chief Negotiator to establish formal relationships with key Aboriginal organizations

The Dept is providing financial assistance to the NAOs in

2010-2011

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Civil Society
In 2009, the Chief Negotiator met with any interested groups prior to, and during the negotiations The Dept also provided G&C funding to IISD to convene a multistakeholder process
• Third party model was effective from Dept's perspective but expensive

This year, the third party model is not necessary anymore
Parties are discussing how to operationalize the Copenhagen Accord Some groups prefer engaging us and the Minister directly
• Since January, we are receiving requests for meetings with stakeholders

Key international NGOs are influencing both the Parties and our domestic stakeholders, but we are not engaging them Some groups are under-engaged or engaged very late in the process
• Youth groups are not well informed, tend to engage only at the CoPs, mainly through public advocacy activities
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Civil Society
The purpose of the en9,agement Qoing forward could be to create a "space" to canalize civil society's input into official channels to avoid criticisms for lack of transparency We engaged civil society in the margin of the negotiations
• We are also exploring if particular groups and organizations should be engaged more deliberately and more strategically (i.e, U.S ENGOS, finances)

What form will it take?
• • Government of Canada-led engagement Targeted meetings with key groups and individuals in Canada and abroad • Working with third Parties • E-consultation and use of new technologies • Participating in public events or conferences (e.g. AGM)
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O&M Budget 2010
Total O&M Budget for 2010 is $85,000 (status quo) Covers costs of meetings and calls with:
• Provinces and Territories • Aboriginal groups • Civil Society

Operations costs
• Travel • Translation • Contracts (e.g. AFN National Chief as advisor to the minister)
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