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AS 3536.

2—1998

Australian Standard™
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Reference gases

Part 2: Preparation, analysis and


certification of traceable reference
gas mixtures
This Australian Standard was prepared by Committee CH/27, Reference Gases. It was
approved on behalf of the Council of Standards Australia on 1 May 1998 and
published on 5 July 1998.

The following interests are represented on Committee CH/27:


Australian and New Zealand Environment and Conservation Council
Australian Chamber of Commerce and Industry
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Environment Protection Authority, Victoria


Federal Chamber of Automotive Industries
National Association of Testing Authorities
The Australian Gas Association
WorkCover New South Wales

Additional interests participating in preparation of Standard:


Department of Environment and Natural Resources, S.A.
Environment Protection Authority, N.S.W.

Review of Australian Standards. To keep abreast of progress in industry, Australian Standards are subject
to periodic review and are kept up to date by the issue of amendments or new editions as necessary. It is
important therefore that Standards users ensure that they are in possession of the latest edition, and any
amendments thereto.
Full details of all Australian Standards and related publications will be found in the Standards Australia
Catalogue of Publications; this information is supplemented each month by the magazine ‘The Australian
Standard’, which subscribing members receive, and which gives details of new publications, new editions
and amendments, and of withdrawn Standards.
Suggestions for improvements to Australian Standards, addressed to the head office of Standards Australia,
are welcomed. Notification of any inaccuracy or ambiguity found in an Australian Standard should be made
without delay in order that the matter may be investigated and appropriate action taken.

This Standard was issued in draft form for comment as DR 97360.


AS 3536.2—1998
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Australian Standard™

Reference gases

Part 2: Preparation, analysis and


certification of traceable reference
gas mixtures

Originated as AS 2719—1984.
Revised and redesignated as AS 3536.2 — 1998.

Published by Standards Australia


(Standards Association of Australia)
1 The Crescent, Homebush, NSW 2140
ISBN 0 7337 1997 X
AS 3536.2 — 1998 2

PREFACE

This Standard was prepared by the Standards Australia Committee CH/27, Reference
Gases to supersede AS 2719 — 1984, Traceable reference gases — For analysis of emission
gases of internal combustion engines and motor vehicles — Preparation, analysis and
certification.
This Standard is part of a series as follows:
AS
3536 Reference gases
3536.1 Part 1: Preparation and certification of gravimetric standards
3536.2 Part 2: Preparation, analysis and certification of traceable reference gas mixtures
Within Australia, measurements made for any legal purpose including trade and
government regulation must be traceable to the Australian primary standards of
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measurement. When measurements are made for legal purposes, the appropriate
measurement units are prescribed as legal units of measurement and demonstration may be
required in courts of law of the traceability linkages between a measurement tendered as
evidence and Australia’s national measurement standards. There are specific legal
requirements for reference materials used to calibrate measuring instruments used to make
measurements for legal purposes. The National Measurement Act 1960 defines a certified
reference material as one that has been certified under the relevant provisions of the
National Measurement Regulations. As required by Section 10 of the Act such certified
reference materials have one or more of their property values traceable to Australia’s
primary standards of measurement.
The objectives of this Standard are as follows:
(a) Augments the range of available concentrations of reference materials by defining
and specifying additional gases traceable to International Standards. These are
defined as Reference Gas Mixture (RGM).
(b) Describes a protocol for the preparation, analysis and certification of RGM.
It is hoped that this Standard will improve the availability of such reference gases, reduce
their cost and reduce the preparatory work required to calibrate analytical instrumentation
in this field of application.
The term ‘informative’ has been used in this Standard to define the application of the
appendix to which it applies. An ‘informative’ appendix is only for information and
guidance.

© Copyright STANDARDS AUSTRALIA


Users of Standards are reminded that copyright subsists in all Standards Australia publications and software. Except where the
Copyright Act allows and except where provided for below no publications or software produced by Standards Australia may be
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on commercial software royalties should be directed to the head office of Standards Australia.
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exclusively in-house by purchasers of the Standard without payment of a royalty or advice to Standards Australia.
Standards Australia will also permit the inclusion of its copyright material in computer software programs for no royalty
payment provided such programs are used exclusively in-house by the creators of the programs.
Care should be taken to ensure that material used is from the current edition of the Standard and that it is updated whenever the
Standard is amended or revised. The number and date of the Standard should therefore be clearly identified.
The use of material in print form or in computer software programs to be used commercially, with or without payment, or in
commercial contracts is subject to the payment of a royalty. This policy may be varied by Standards Australia at any time.
3 AS 3536.2 — 1998

CONTENTS
Page

1 SCOPE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
2 REFERENCED DOCUMENTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
3 DEFINITIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
4 PRINCIPLE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
5 APPARATUS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
6 CALIBRATION GASES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
7 PROCEDURE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
8 ANALYSIS OF REFERENCE GAS MIXTURE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
9 CALCULATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
10 VERIFICATION OF THE STABILITY OF RGM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
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11 CERTIFICATION AND REPORT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8


12 PERIOD OF VALIDITY OF CERTIFICATE AND CRITERIA
FOR RE-ANALYSIS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ............. 9
13 RECORDS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ............. 9

APPENDICES
A EXAMPLE OF TYPICAL END USE OF RGM FOR VEHICLE EMISSIONS
AND FUEL CONSUMPTION ASSESSMENT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
B ORDERING DATA FOR RGM AND/OR ANALYSIS REPORT . . . . . . . . . . 12
AS 3536.2 — 1998 4

STANDARDS AUSTRALIA

Australian Standard
Reference gases

Part 2: Preparation, analysis and certification


of traceable reference gas mixtures

1 SCOPE This Standard sets out requirements for the preparation, analysis and
certification procedures of traceable reference gas mixtures. This Standard applies to the
preparation, analysis and certification of a reference gas mixture (RGM) whose range of
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concentrations is dependent on the commercially available certified reference gas mixture


(CRGM,) and primary gravimetric standards (PGS); for this Standard, RGMs are limited
to, from 50% of the lowest concentration CRGM or PGS available, up to 200% of the
highest concentration of CRGM, or PGS available.
NOTE: While this Standard applies to the preparation of any RGM, a typical end use is
automotive emissions, an example of which is found in Appendix A.

2 REFERENCED DOCUMENTS The following Standards are referred to in this


Standard:
AS
1678 Emergency procedure guides — Transport (series)
1777 Seamless aluminium cylinders for compressed gases (0.10 to 130 litres)
2030 The approval, filling, inspection, testing and maintenance of cylinders for the
storage and transport of compressed gases (known as the SAA Gas Cylinders
Code)
2030.1 Part 1: Cylinders for compressed gases other than acetylene
2877 Methods of test for fuel consumption of motor vehicles designed to comply with
Australian Design Rules 37 and 40
2473 Valves for compressed gas cylinders (threaded outlet)
2508 Safe storage and handling information cards (series)
3536 Reference gases
3536.1 Part 1: Preparation and certification of gravimetric standards

3 DEFINITIONS For the purpose of this Standard, the following definitions below
apply:
3.1 Analyte — the component gas of interest.
3.2 Balance gas — the matrix gas for the analytes of interest. A gas which is used to
make up the final gas mixture.
3.3 Certified reference gas mixture (CRGM) — a prepared gas mixture accompanied by
certificate where one or more values are certified by a procedure which establishes its
traceability to a national or international Standard.

COPYRIGHT
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AS 3536.2-1998, Reference gases Preparation,


analysis and certification of traceable reference
gas mixtures
This is a free 6 page sample. Access the full version at http://infostore.saiglobal.com.

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