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AS 43122008

Australian Standard
AS 43122008

Atmospheric corrosivity zones in Australia

This Australian Standard was prepared by Committee MT-014, Corrosion of Metals. It was approved on behalf of the Council of Standards Australia on 18 January 2008. This Standard was published on 19 February 2008.

The following are represented on Committee MT-014: Australasian Corrosion Association Australian Chamber of Commerce and Industry Australian Electrolysis Committee Australian Pipeline Industry Association Australian Paint Approval Scheme AUSTROADS Blast Cleaning & Coating Association of Australia Bureau of Steel Manufacturers of Australia Corrosion Prevention Centre CSIRO Manufacturing and Materials Technology Galvanizers Association of Australia Materials Australia Plumbing Products Industry Group Water Utility Interests Water Services Association of Australia

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This Standard was issued in draft form for comment as DR 07270. Standards Australia wishes to acknowledge the participation of the expert individuals that contributed to the development of this Standard through their representation on the Committee and through the public comment period.

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Australian Standards are living documents that reflect progress in science, technology and systems. To maintain their currency, all Standards are periodically reviewed, and new editions are published. Between editions, amendments may be issued. Standards may also be withdrawn. It is important that readers assure themselves they are using a current Standard, which should include any amendments that may have been published since the Standard was published. Detailed information about Australian Standards, drafts, amendments and new projects can be found by visiting www.standards.org.au Standards Australia welcomes suggestions for improvements, and encourages readers to notify us immediately of any apparent inaccuracies or ambiguities. Contact us via email at mail@standards.org.au, or write to Standards Australia, GPO Box 476, Sydney, NSW 2001.

AS 43122008

Australian Standard
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Atmospheric corrosivity zones in Australia

First published as AS 43122008.

COPYRIGHT Standards Australia All rights are reserved. No part of this work may be reproduced or copied in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, without the written permission of the publisher. Published by Standards Australia GPO Box 476, Sydney, NSW 2001, Australia ISBN 0 7337 8555 7

AS 43122008

PREFACE
This Standard was prepared by the Australian members of the Joint Standards Australia/Standards New Zealand Committee MT-014, Corrosion of Metals. After consulting with stakeholders in both countries, Standards Australia and Standards New Zealand decided to develop this Standard as an Australian rather than an Australian/New Zealand Standard. The objective of this Standard is to provide guidelines for the classification of atmospheric environments in terms of their effects on corrosion to assist with the selection of metal finishes for ferrous products. This Standard expands on information previously published in AS/NZS 2312, Guide to the protection of structural steel against atmospheric corrosion by the use of protective coatings, to provide industry with more comprehensive guidance on atmospheric corrosivity. The term informative has been used in this Standard to define the application of the appendix to which it applies. An informative appendix is only for information and guidance.

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AS 43122008

CONTENTS
Page SECTION 1 SCOPE AND GENERAL 1.1 SCOPE ........................................................................................................................ 4 1.2 APPLICATION ........................................................................................................... 4 1.3 REFERENCED DOCUMENTS .................................................................................. 4 1.4 DEFINITIONS ............................................................................................................ 5 SECTION 2 FACTORS AFFECTING CORROSION OF METALS 2.1 GENERAL .................................................................................................................. 6 2.2 MACRO-CLIMATIC FACTORS................................................................................ 6 2.3 MICRO-CLIMATIC AND DESIGN FACTORS......................................................... 8 2.4 CORROSIVITY CATEGORIES ................................................................................. 9 2.5 ATMOSPHERIC CORROSIONMETALS OTHER THAN STEEL ........................ 9 SECTION 3 CORROSIVITY ENVIRONMENTS 3.1 GENERAL ................................................................................................................ 11 3.2 ATMOSPHERIC CORROSIVITY CATEGORIES ................................................... 11 SECTION 4 DETERMINING THE CORROSIVITY ENVIRONMENT 4.1 GENERAL ................................................................................................................ 14 4.2 DETERMINING THE CORROSIVITY ENVIRONMENT....................................... 14 APPENDICES A CORROSION ZONES............................................................................................... 16 B MEASUREMENT OF CORROSION RATES .......................................................... 25 C CORROSIVITY SURVEYS AND REFERENCES ................................................... 28 D CORROSIVITY SECTIONS IN OTHER STANDARDS.......................................... 32

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AS 43122008

STANDARDS AUSTRALIA Australian Standard Atmospheric corrosivity zones in Australia

SECT ION
1.1 SCOPE

SCOPE

AND

GENERA L

This Standard provides guidelines for the classification of corrosivity zones in Australia and their effect on the corrosion of steel and other metals.
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These guidelines use corrosion rate classifications defined in ISO 9223 to delineate atmospheric corrosivity zones. Environments which are not atmospheric, such as immersed or underground, are not considered in this Standard. 1.2 APPLICATION This Standard is to be used by designers and specifiers of corrosion control methods to assist in determining the correct corrosivity zone in Australia. The influence of microclimates is also addressed and should be considered when specifying the necessary corrosion protection that is required. In general, a knowledge of atmospheric corrosivity is necessary in the following corrosion mitigation activities: (a) (b) (c) Selection of protective coatings. The more severe the environment, the better the coating system required. Maintenance of coating systems. In severe environments, maintenance is more difficult and more urgent than less severe environments. Selection of suitable metals and metallic-coated products. The suitability, expected life and durability of coated materials, such as zinc coated steel and metals such as copper and stainless steels, depends on the corrosivity of the environment. Design of products and components. The importance of minimizing corrosion through careful design and fabrication procedures becomes more important as the environment becomes more corrosive.

(d)

NOTE: AS/NZS 2312 provides details of selection and maintenance of protective coatings, and shows design features for minimizing corrosion.

1.3 REFERENCED DOCUMENTS The following documents are referenced in this standard: AS 1565 AS/NZS 1734 1866 2312 4673
Standards Australia

Copper and copper alloysIngots and castings Aluminium and aluminium alloysFlat sheet, coiled sheet and plate Aluminium and aluminium alloysExtruded rod, bar, solid and hollow shapes Guide to the protection of structural steel against atmospheric corrosion by the use of protective coatings Cold-formed stainless steel structures
www.standards.org.au

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AS 4312-2008, Atmospheric corrosivity zones in Australia


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