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Crude oil washing (COW) is washing out the residue from the tanks of an oil tanker using the crude oil cargo itself, after the cargo tanks have been emptied. Crude Oil is pumped back and preheated in the slop tanks, then sprayed back via high pressure nozzles in the cargo tanks on to the walls of the tank. Due to the sticky nature of the crude oil, the oil clings to the tank walls, and such oil adds to the cargo 'remaining on board (the ROB). By COWing the tanks, the amount of ROB is significantly reduced, and with the current high cost of oil, the financial savings are significant, both for the Charterer and the Shipowner. If the cargo ROB is deemed as 'liquid and pumpable' then the Charterers can claim from the owner for any cargo loss for normally between 0.3% up to 0.5%. It replaced the load on top and seawater washing systems, both of which involved discharging oilcontaminated water into the sea. MARPOL 73/78 made this mandatory equipment for oil tankers of 20,000 tons or greater deadweight. 2.Selective catalytic reduction (SCR) is a means of converting nitrogen oxides, also referred to as NOx with the aid of a catalyst into diatomic nitrogen, N2, and water, H2O. A gaseous reductant, typically anhydrous ammonia, aqueous ammonia or urea, is added to a stream of flue or exhaust gas and is absorbed onto a catalyst. Carbon dioxide, CO2 is a reaction product when urea is used as the reductant. Ammonia slip is an industry term for ammonia passing through the SCR un-reacted. This occurs when ammonia is: over injected into gas stream, temperatures are too low for ammonia to react, or catalyst has degraded catalyst eg. titanium oxide.
Harmonisation of certificate normally done during the renewal surveys (every five yearly) 6. wht is dewatering? Process to remove water droplets from air say scavenge air. salinity and temperature. how to weld 16mm plate with 8mm plate – One side to be flushed with thick plate while other side of the thick plate to be shampered at 1:3 ratio to match with 8 mm plate. 8. the Leakwise WL sensors can detect the presence of as little as 0.3. The floating sensors in Leakwise WL use the latest technology of high-frequency electromagnetic energy absorption and are unaffected by dirt or oil coating or by changes in water level. This will ease the Owners to complete all the surveys in dry dock or during lay up of the vessel.Harmonisation of certification means all the surveys are normally carried out in one go within the window period. harmonised survery or how how certification of ship is harmonised . Our Administration DG Shipping has not yet ratified the same. Also any recommendation arising during the surveys can be easily dealt with. transceiver for the bidirectional data link and antennae for satellite and cellular communications. The Leakwise offshore detector is mounted on a stable wave-rider buoy and contains a solar panel with rechargeable battery.how much load a container can carry – Normally 20 cbm or 40 cbm 7. for Indian Flag Vessels they issue Statement of Compliance (SOC). a new wireless oil sheen detector and oil build-up monitor which uses Orbcomm satellite communication and cellular networks to alert operators of oil leaks and spills.therefore. according to the manufacturer.Remote detection of oil spills Ionics Agar Environmental has launched Leakwise WL. . Designed for installation onshore near terminal storage tanks and pipelines and at sea close to tanker jetties and offshore tanker buoys.What all certificate to be carried acccording to annex 6 – International Air Pollution Prevention Certificate. 5. digital signal processor.3 mm of oil on water and monitor its build-up. This is normally achieved by many stage fine filtering. container capacity. 4. This enables reliable operation with no false alarm and very low maintenance costs.
.what is the purpose of top side tanks in bulk carriers? tst is used only when ship is loaded with high density cargoes. 100..10M and API 5L.other design of bulk carriers are there in which top holds of smaller sizes in mid of two holds are there to load same cargo. the correcting action sud also be in power of square .02 mm.18 mm. so when u apply a unit force . wat does 3/8" or 3/4" means in thread nomenclature? 3/8" or 3/4" means the nominal OD of the bolt. a wall thickness of 6.For example. like steel sheets.. a wall thickness of 8. Standard standard pipe schedules or pipes sizes as given by ANSI / ASME B36. 40) Method for Determining ScheduleMeasure the inside diameter and divide it by the wall thickness.30 mm. (inches) R= ID/Thickness Pipe Schedule R Schedule 30 40-50 . 140 to schedule No. there will be 2 unit which will be in tdc so just the rotate the push rod to see which one is there in the power stroke becoz the unit which will be there push rods will be rotating freely and thus we can check the tappet of that engine. 120. There are eleven Schedules ranging from the lowest at 5 through 10. for timing also we have to see the cam position and marking on the pump plunger but very difficult to know the value exactly when fuel injection is starting and stopping as there is no marking in the flywheel.tappets etc The cam shaft it will give a brief idea regarding position of the engine. 160. so the springs are conical. to raise G up the tst is filled with water .. giving a bore of 102. 30. PIPE SCHEDULE Pipe Schedule is the term used to describe the thickness of a pipe. 12..9. in conical spring de stiffness also behaves in power of square pattern ( stiffness= force/deflection .. the schedule number of ordinary steel pipe having an allowable stress of 10.F is mw2r (where w is angular velocity) .5 where. psigS = the allowable stress (psi) for the material of construction at the conditions of use. giving a bore of 97. rolls etc. and the actual bore is reduced. 80. Actually thats according to the American standards. As the schedule number increases... flyweights sense de speed by centrifugal force . 10.000) = 35 (approx. If Pitch is not mentioned.A 100 mm Schedule 80 pipe has an outside diameter of 114. Metric standards define it in eg.. 20. M10 * 1. the deflection is in power of square).000)(350/10.. what happens when all ur flywheel marking are somehow erased how will u check the timings.30 mm. 60. so since the speed is measured in power of square .. so C..P = the internal working pressure.. For example: A 100 mm Schedule 40 pipe has an outside diameter of 114. The outside diameter of a pipe is the same for all Schedules in a particular nominal pipe diameter.5 is the pitch. the wall thickness increases. 13. pipes of a particular size all have the same outside diameter (not withstanding manufacturing tolerances). These schedule numbers bear a relation to the pressure rating of the piping. in that case g moves too low to make extremely large gm .56 mm...000 psi for use at a working pressure of 350 psig would be:Schedule Number = (1. why governor spring is conical? In governor measured parameter is speed and measured by the flyweights.000)(P/S)Where. 11.(stiff ship) which in turn can break ship in any bad weather... The schedule number is defined as the approximate value of the expression:Schedule Number = (1. 10 is the nominal dia and 1.. then we take it as that thread is belonging to the course group. 40. and adjusting gm. For Course threads the TPI will be 16 and for fine threads the TPI will be 20..26 mm. Regardless of schedule number.
fill cargo tank wd water to a depth necessary to carry out normal end of unloading procedure.5 kg to comply with SOLAS-74 Chapter III.THESE WINTER GRADE SAE NUMBER HAVING DIFFERENT PUMPABILITY AND CRANKING AT DIFFERENT TEMP.cargo tank suction and its vicinity.1. . SAE OF HAVING NUMBER LIKE SAE 10. (Bridge wing: Smoke and light). any entrapped area in cargo tank bottom.HERE THE SAE NUMBER DENOTES THE CRANKING AND PUMPABILITY OF LUB OIL AT BELOW O C TEMP.Schedule 40 29-39 Schedule 60 25-29 Schedule 80 20-23 Schedule 100 16-18 Schedule 120 13-15 Schedule 140 11-13 Schedule 160 9-11 14.LIKEWISE W DENOTES THE WINTER GRADE. 4 kg. condition of testing. and during test back pressure maintained at minimum 1 bar at cargo tank unloading manifold.no annual replacement • automatic or manual deployment • universal stainless steel mounting bracket • tested to survive a 60m drop into water (SOLAS 30m) • ideal for use on ships or rigs with high freeboard • 360 degrees all-around signal light.trim (minimum) ♥' by stern and list <1' to fecilitate proper drainage at suction point.. the lifebuoy should weigh min. collect water remaing in cargo tank & pipingin calibrated container for measurement. MOB marker? The Lifebuoys come in two sizes to cover all SOLAS requirements. One weighing 2.5 kg. if more than one tank is using pump and piping then all drained and distributed amongst the tank if mentioned in approved manual.. SAE 20 W DENOTES THE WINTER GRADE SAE NUMBER . • day and night signal attached to Lifebuoy and used in emergency to mark position of man overboard • provides 15 minutes of dense orange smoke • far exceeds SOLAS requirements of 2 hours at 2 candela for light output and duration • safe to use on petrol or oil covered water • lithium battery sealed for life . cargo tank pumped nd stripped wd assosiated piping in accordance wd ships approved manual. SAE20 CORREPONDS TO THAT HAVING KINEMATIC VISCOSITY AT 100 C. as per marpol annex II what is water performance test? procedure. SAE 10W SAE 20W. Reg. 16. SAE 0W . SO ON FOR WINTER .. total quantity collected above determines stripping quantity for cargo tank.7 Which states that to operate the quick release arrangement for self-activated smoke or light. low point drain of cargo pump. and one weighing 4. 15. residue should be collected from . all low point drain in piping upto manifold valve. the standard. What does 20w40 denote ? here 40 is SAE NUMBER . 31.
except that the low pressure area is beneath the hull. The phenomenon is caused when water that should normally flow under the hull encounters resistance due to the close proximity of the hull to the seabed.G. the squat effect is reduced by a factor of four. This is due to a reduction in buoyancy caused by a downward hydrodynamic force created by flow-induced pressures.17. F. It is caused by similar forces as lift in aircraft. This new rule was established in recognition of the importance of extinguishing or suppressing fires . purifier and I. Thus.hypermist systems ? ●New IMO Requirements The IMO requires all ships constructed on and after July 1. This counteracts the force of buoyancy. by reducing speed by half. Squat effect is approximately proportional to the square of the speed of the ship. incinerator. Squat effect is usually felt more when the depth/draft ratio is less than four or when sailing close to a bank. causing the vessel to dip towards the bow. The reduced pressure on the bottom of the boat sucks the boat slightly downward until the increased displacement counteracts the force generated by the reduced pressure. boiler. 2002 to install water-based local fire extinguishing systems in machinery spaces accommodating machinery with a particularly high risk of fire (main engine. what is squatting effect? The squat effect is the hydrodynamic phenomenon by which a vessel moving quickly through shallow water creates an area of lowered pressure under its bottom that causes the ship to "squat" lower in the water than would otherwise be expected.O.G. This causes the water to move faster. creating a low-pressure area. D/G engine. It can lead to unexpected groundings and handling difficulties. especially under the bow of the ship. 18.) with the aim of extinguishing or suppressing fires in their early stages. This phenomenon is caused by hydrodynamic effects between the hull of the ship and the sea floor.
while they were still small.and R22 is 0. (1. When sprayed on a fire. 2. for R22 is 0. (Acidic corrosion-CO2. 5MPa) to generate super fine particles of mist ranging from 30 to 80 microns in diameter.) 2) what all certificate to be carried according to annex 6 ( IAPP and supplements: particulars of ship. part A is IMPLEMENTATION and part B is certification and verification) 4) 4 harmonized survey or how certification of ship is harmonized. 5) Actions taken during boiler uptake fire? (Boiler uptake fire is because of wet soot deposited during low steaming and also during uptake fire do not carry out soot blow reduce the load and stop the engine .05 and global warming potential. Remove oxides from faces using fine files.max R11. broken contactors. the mist offers compound effects: it absorbs radiant heat from the fire. good scavenging. 9) how to reduce maintenance in exhaust vv (good quality fuel usage . BICARBONATES and pitting corrosion: scales such as calcium and magnesium salts. O2.4. part A is IMPLEMENTATION and part B is certification and verification) 1) lpg tanks construction material used2 ( INVAR: 36% nickel steel or 9% nickel steelhigher temp. OIL. missing. creates a shield. main contacts are high conductivity copper coz they ll not heat up due to lower resistance. after analyzing many on-board fire incidents from all over the world. Cleaning and checking contact surfaces for improper wear or discoloration 3.max is R11…. under which clause in ISM sms is there? (part A: clause 1. when boiler is firing on full load for boiler). which enabled fires to expand. CHLORIDES. check rotation of exhaust v/v) 10) refrigeration gases how its classified according to environment hazard (ozone depletion potential.) 8) accumulation pressure test in boiler (disturbed it so accumulation pr should not more than 10 percent of working pr. 6) Needle vv lift. reduces the temperature of the fire area by evaporating upon contact with the flame and depletes the oxygen. control of emissions from ship* ozone depleting subs * NOx *SOx * volatile organic compound) 3) under which clause in ISM sms is there (part A: clause 1.4mm for 250 bar lifting pressure) 7) Boiler corrosion how it happens and how to prevent. thereby extinguishing or suppressing the fire. because the crews’ safety had to be confirmed before discharging the extinguishant. check fuel injection system. arcing contacts are made of sintered silver tungsten or other materials which don’t weld . cover the m/e t/c with the canvas so that no air is supplied). Check for loose. The "HYPER MIST" employs specially developed nozzles operating at high pressure (approx. avoid running engine on low load. maintaining cooling water temp. This idea arose in response to situations in which prompt operation was difficult with previous systems (especially CO2 fire extinguishing systems).365) 11) How induction motor works 12) Contactors maintenance on starter what is the material of contactor (1. vit adjustment.4. 19.
and exhaust v/v is smaller due to less power required to open . pg 58.sec-80bar. bottle-228bar. m. bowled assembled with wrong parts. gear can be in damaged condition.01mm) . (brass. pump or motor not functioning.blow through with air. cable for towing) 19) auto tensioning winch ( 20) Shredder plate 21) LSA equipment in life boat. reasons? (windlass oil lvl low.p. 4 rockets>30. (arrest crack and weld plates) 15) Junior engineer boxed back the purifier after cleaning then its found vibrating probable causes.p. -55 C) 32) AE inlet vv big or exhaust vv big and y? (a/e inlet valves are bigger. watt/volt amp. g) Satpaty and Behra 26) container capacity. 23) What is power factor? (Power factor is the ratio of true power to the apparent power. ( bowl may not be cleaned properly. spring lines. food ration.sec180bar.sec-6bar.gautam sen) 29) hyper mist system maintenance (a/e. high oil temp cut-out.) 33) What and why material of sounding bob. (In the A. actuating valves prob.C. top bearing springs damaged. search light. incinerator. i. l.B. softer than steel) 34) min.e. ( headlines. storage temp. seal bursting disc-63 C. a manual pump. tool kit) 22) squat effect.longitudinal movt. check visually for any wires broken) 17) Crank pin ovality checking. efficient radar deflector.) 16) insulation of motor is found to be 0. (6 hand flares> 15000 cd and 1 min. (optical or magnetic) 14) Crane jib is cracked how u r going to weld.5 mega ohms what we can do to bring back the insulation (dry the motor by heating lamp and then test insulation n put fast drying varnish. tpa. purifier. breast lines-athwart ship movt. power failure. 2 buoyant smoke signals>3mins. Pg 121. (pipes-15years…h. portable fire extinguisher. slipping of clutch. bowl springs not fitted correctly.) 24) residual magnetism (residual magnetism is the property in which certain amount of excitation remains back in the conductor even after removal of the magnets) 25) Reverse power trip location and drawing.mc.how much load a container can carry (32tonnes for 40ft container) 27) How container is placed on tank top with drawing. Bhowmik and Biswas 18) Mooring arrangement on crude oil tanker. m/e. SAE 20 means it ll have a viscosity of 20cst at 100 C and SAE 15W40 means viscosity of 40cst at 100 C and 15cst at 0 C. pump operation. thickness of feeler gauge (0.not sparking.anti-sea sickness tablets. lock ring not tightening properly.000cd and 40secs.ship cons reeds) 28) IOPP supplement ( pg 22.. if solenoid is functioning) 30) Anchor not coming up.at high temps) 13) rpm indicator how signal is carried to ECR. no back pressure in t/c free flow. anchor stuff. boiler. all values temp and test pr etc. spring loaded safety v/v in main pipe-180bar. fresh water. ) 31) About co2 sys. some external tool left inside . better scavenging exhaust gas expelled easily.p. discs not properly assembled or tightened.
below the broken siphon tube co2 will freeze as latent heat is absorbed from the remainder CO2) 39) composition of lpg. Temp. high temp. till the length is ok.t. systems used in construction.. lng-metane. avoids anchor from striking at bottom and improves buoyancy fwd. product. check piston) 41) If life boat falls suddenly while lowering then how will u troubleshoot? (falls broken. gas will come out. Sathapathy and Mr.hall) 49) Working and diagram of lo pressure transmitter and trip? ( 50) Ammeter and voltmeter working? 51) 3 causes of hysteresis loss in transformer? (residual magnetism.. centrifugal break check) 42) manhole door elliptical. frequency ) Mr.35) causes of pump wear ring being worn (strainer faulty.exhaust is mixed with ammonia and passed through a catalytic reactor. hence reduction in NOx. it develops standard for materials.-290-450 C.when waves freq is half of rolling freq and same ass pitching freq) 44) maintenance of induction motor 45) Principle of battery operated phone? 46) meggar operation? (pg-399...strength n more longer stroke) 37) SCR system. there will be more proper heat dissipation in piston . disadv. And soot in exhaust. butane. bearing damage.d.-more flare means parametric rolling…. catalyst? (selective catalyst reaction. ammonia slip.. Bhaira 52) VIT. d=diameter. water. falls releasing mechanism operated accidently. cng-methane) 40) Maintenance on QCV? (try out once every 3 months. check hand operation.why?( manhole door elliptical: longitudinal pressure = pd/4t or circumferential pressure=pd/2t where p=pressure. spring condition. Draw curve between the angle of advance and Load. SAE is society of automotive engineers. drain air bottle. cavitations.so circumferential pressure is more) 43) Advantages and disadvantages of flare? (Flare advantage: prevents water to come to the deck.l. lng and cng (lpg-propane. manufacturing and transportation. FINAL PRUCTS WATER AND NITROGEN PG 78-80 POUNDERS) ASTM means American society for testing of materials. more space for deck machinery. t=thickness.thareja vol1) 47) Draw clampmeter? ( 48) Hydrometer working and diagram? (pg-145. That is at what load what is the angle of advance draw the graph? 53) Draw the diagram of mechanical over speed trip of a diesel engine 54) What is the name of the device that measures vibrations of an engine and how does it function? ( 55) Economiser if the area of heat transfer is 1000 sq m what all will come under it and draw the construction of fins (surface area of fins and tubes) 56) How does a soot blower works? How is chemical added to soot blower for release of soot and what are soot sticks? 57) Why 3 injectors are used in modern 2 stroke engines (There will be better turbulence since three fuel injectors at an angle and the scavenge air enters at an angle so there will be better turbulence. b. unbalanced impellar) 36) Why ME piston rings are little down and AC compressor piston rings are up? (m/e head is concave and head is flat…. it gives the viscosity of oil based on a classification involving 2 temperatures 38) if the dip stick breaks in co2 bottle then what will happen? (if co2 bottle dip stick is broken.
GRADE OF OIL.35. discharge capacity decreases as speed is measured) 67) COFFIN PLATE (attaches sole piece in stern frame with keel plate in aft and attaches keel plate with stem in fwd) 68) INTERNATIONAL SHORT VOYAGE (in which a ship is doesn’t exceed 200 nm and should not exceed 600 nm total) 69) DETAILED INPSECTION OF SHIP ON WHICH BASIS IT IS CARRIED BY PSC.P. when used as a heating device. HOW TO MEASURE AND WHAT IS TYPE AND MATERIAL OF BRG USED. seals. or ? 62) What is dealuminification where is it observed and why? (form of corrosion in which amount of aluminium decreases in an alloy…pumps. copper-4. cupric chloride.and cylinder head) 58) Why steam is grey in color and not transparent? (water content in soot release) 59) How does MGPS works? (2purpose: cu kills sea growth and al stops corrosion.tin-88. white metal compositions and which is more electrochemically active of them? (monel. zinc oxide. zinc40…. WANT THE ULTRASONIC TYPE HOW IS WORKING? CHEMICAL TYPE. WHAT TYPE OF CHEMICAL? (sodium chloride.IT IS STUCK WHAT WILL YOU DO? (sanyal 250) 75) STUFFING BOX OVERHAULING? 76) SOOT BLOWING DIFFERNT METHOD AND ARRANGEMENTS.. it is the ratio of the heat delivered in the high-temperature coils to the work supplied) 72) GUGEON PIN CLEARNCE. the ratio of the heat energy extracted by the heat engine at the low temperature to the work supplied to operate the cycle. muntz metal-copper-60.al and manganese-2. 79) Where do you find underslung bearing in Man B&W main engine (camshaft bearing) 80) Refrigerant properties? (pg-335 mc. WHAT IS DIFFERNCE? ( 74) WHEN REMOVING LOWERHALF MAIN BRG. WHY AFTER SUPERHEATING WE ARE USING DESUPERHEATER (is to reduce the temperature of a quantity of superheated steam and make it suitable for auxiliary uses. Give reasons? (in unloaded condition: Bottom end bearing wear down. white metal. the system is based on electrolytic reaction and dc supplied to anode) 60) What is Muntz metal.the cop is also called advantage and is defined as C. (low carbon. REASONS. (A refrigerator is a device for removing heat at a cold temp so heat absorbed in the evaporator fi(in). case hardened steel) 73) RMG45 AND RMG 55.copper-38 n nickel-60. G: the heat of vaporization of the refrigerant . muddy water. copper oxide) 77) DRY DOCK STRENTUBE CHECKS? (liner. 70) DESUPERHEATED STEAM.5. magnesium oxide.lead-0.O. Steam passes through super heaters to avoid overheating of them.bad weather.munz metal) 61) A compressor was overhauled and bumping clearance was found to be normal inspite of that piston strikes the head. In a refrigeration cycle. valves coz al is comparatively more reactive) 63) Function of motor on governor (remote operation of speed setting knob-spring pressure) 64) How to prevent Dezincification? (put soft iron) 65) How will you make camshaft float while adjusting its position? (hydraulic pressure) 66) Limitations of ODME (difficulty in analyzing.) 71) COP OF REFERIGERATION. monel metal. antimony-7. bearing condition) 78) WELDING DEFECTS.
000 hours) 84) Thrust pad removal? Diagram of front view along with retainer and top cover fitting screws? How do you remove pads? Where do you fix the tool? (reed’s vol. miscibility with oil. f.) it should have high thermodynamic efficiency. TRAINING. since evaporation and condenser temperatures are? xed by the temperatures of the surroundings .) it is preferred that there should not be a chemical reaction between the refrigerant and the lub oil.A. Range? Tell me the injection timing of 50% load? 83) What’s the time period to discard a chain and renew with new one in B&W tell the percentage elongation max allowed in 1 inch chain link? (max allowable limit of elongation is 1. the specific volume of the refrigerant should be low to minimize the work required per kg of refrigerant circulated.) it should not be flammable or explosive.) it should not be toxic. 8 pg 242) 85) Exhaust gas of all units’ high cause? (bad quality fuel. k. 81) What is lean mixture in dual fuel combustion engine? (lean burn means the mixture of air and gas in the cylinder has more air than needed for complete combustion. d. WHAT ARE THE PREPAREDNES FOR ISM SURVEY ONBOARD? (IMO SYMBOLS. j. thermal conductivity high.P. all tanks have different insulations) 91) AS A 2ND ENGR.should be high. chemically stable. chains should be removed once in 8 yrs or 50. non explosive. ozne depletion potential.)Volume of refrigerant gas need to be pumped per ton of refrigerating effect should be low. h. nitrogen purging) 90) IS CHEMICAL TANKERS AND PRODUCT CARRIERS CAN CARRY DIFFERENT GRADES OF CARGO. IF CARRIED WAT R THE PRECAUTIONS TO BE TAKEN? WHAT ARE ARRANGEMENTS PROVIDED ON THE SUCH TANKERS? (crude tankers: different pumping arrangements for all the tanks and for chemical tankers every tank have different pumps. the specific heat of the refrigerant should be low. b) But the pressure should be preferably above the atmospheric pressure so as to prevent air from entering the system in the event of leak. CONTIGENCY . high critical temperature.) the tendency of a refrigerant to leak should be low. reducing peak temp. and the detection of leak should be easy. CRITICAL EQUIPMENTS.) for good heat transfer viscosity should be low.) non corrosive. SMS.) Low freezing point d.) cheaper in cost. non flammable. poor scavenging) 86) What is the purpose of lead screw and tool feeder? (lead screw for THREADING and tool feeder for TURNING) 87) How will you weld two plates one of 16mm and one of 8 mm together in the same plane? 88) CONSTRUCTION OF CHEMICAL TANKER AND PRODUCT TANKERS 89) IS INERT GAS REQUIRED ON PRODUCT TANKERS? IF IT IS NOT PRESENT WHAT ARE THE OTHER ARRANGEMENT PROVIDED IN THE PRODUCT TANKERS? (YES. 82) vit? Drawing of MCR pmax with load? Injection timing diagram with reference to tdc. eff inc bcoz of higher compression ratio and optimsed injection timing. faulty fuel system. DRILLS. D.less NOx.2% . Thermodynamic efficiency is the ratio between heat abstracted by the refrigerating machinery and the heat equivalent of the power supplied the compressors e. i. c.selection is based on operating pressures in the evaporator and the condenser selection is based on the suitability of the pressure-temperature relationship of the refrigerant other factors include chemical stability toxicity cost environmental friendliness does not result in very low pressures in the evaporator (air leakage) does not result in very high pressures in the condenser (refrigerant leakage) OR condensing pressure should be moderate. g.
Spaces can be connected to educator for drainage and tanks r drained by ship water ballast system. HOW TO IMPROVE POWER FACTOR? (put capacitor bank) 100) VALENCE BAND? (Is the highest range of electron energies in which electrons are normally present at absolute zero temp. the oil pressure should never fall below 3. Lube pressure will be less. NAVIGATIONAL EQ. P. top-side tanks and hopper side tanks in cargo spaces. SAFETY EQUIPMENTS.5 mts and another on height not less than 15% or not more than 2mts) 106) SPCV IN SULZER (spcv is stagnation pressure control valve used to suppress the after injection on RTA engines. AND ADVANTAGES OF SUPERLONG OVER LONG STROKE. ) 104) how ll u rectify ovality of crankpin n how ll u run engine on this condition ( we will use oil stone to get the crank pin in the circular shape as far as possible.man b&w engines with a mean effective pressure of 18bar and above come under the mark6 category . Then afterwards we use undersized bearing.) 101) DROOP SETTINGS AND ITS USES? (pg-265 sanyal) 102) PARALLELING OPERATION OF GENERATORS? ( 103) Nomenclature of refrigerants? (R12.M. Water lvl detector in hold at 0. gautam sen) 93) WHAT ARE CRITICAL EQUIPMENTS? (sudden operational failure of which may result in hazardous situation) 94) LONG STROKE AND SUPER LONG STROKE ENGINES CONSTRUCTION DIFF. 800-860 refer saif tole motor pg-13) 98) SHORE SUPPLY 50 TO 60 Hz AND 60 TO 50 hz? (freq convertor) 99) SHIP 'S LOAD TO INDUCTIVE LOAD. POLLUTION PREVENTION PROCEDURES ) 92) BALLAST WATER MANAGEMENT? (pg-117. as with oval crank pin the oil film will not be proper and bearing though undersized will run hot. BUNKERING PROCEDURES. and is intended primarily to carry dry cargo in .PLANS. the fuel pump is directly connected to the high pressure pipe allowing stagnation pressure to drop to a level where cavitations can occur. less speed) 95) MOMENT COMPENSATORS. bulk carrier (high speed craft is a craft capable of a maximum speed in meters per second equal to or exceeding 3. The sys task is to operate and supervise the operation of drainage sys by control and position indication of relevant butterfly valves in corresponding spaces.1. HOW IT WORKS? ( 96) FUEL OIL INDEX NUMBERS? ( 97) WHAT IS CCAI NUMBER? (calculated carbon aromaticity index. If the SPCV is removed. Solas chapter 12 regulation 13.) 105) DEWATERING system (provide draining and or pumping facility to pump out water from spaces which are located fwd of foremost cargo hold in case of detection inflow into corresponding spaces. (super long adv is more time for scavenging and more air so more eff.) 107) WAT IS RATE SHAPING ( 108) Why AE NOX is less (time is very less for producing NOx as reaction time is less) 109) what is tuned effect ( B&W: the mark 5 series were introduced in 1991 and mark 6 series in 1993. 110) As per solas define high speed craft.1667 where V is volumetric displacement corresponding to the design waterline and BULK CARRIER means a ship which is constructed generally with single deck.5 bars under full load condition.7XV*0.S.. 1996-97 mk 7 engines introduced. if the engine has thick shell bearings same procedure with shims have to be put in.
.In case of a shutdown or blackout of the m/e where the l. circuit bhy means of a free o'flow....o. The m/e should be stopped within this time!! This system features 2 separate oil inlet pipes and 2 running down pipes with different levels from the post lubrication tk to the brgs.so now the ship is inclined and in a kind of neutral equilibrium.g ) 114) Skin effect (tendency of ac current to distribute itself within a conductor with the current densities being largest near the surface..o... pg-70 mc. the no volt coil holds the handle by attracting the soft iron piece on the handle.l.o. when handle is on ON position motor gets supply and entire starting resistance is series with armature and field. u don’t have sealing ring. smooth and super smooth) 120) under which condition would u change the stuffing box spring (stuffing box spring should/can be changed 1) when from tel tel hole of individual unit of stuffing box lot of oil is coming and lube oil loss is there. Hence the no volt coil is also known as hold on coil...so for time . scrapper ring. and the ship heels so much that the B comes under G.being u can change the spring. And in D. OR no volt coil can also be used in starter.O.o. During normal engine operation the post lubrication system is continuously filled by lube oil via a small bypass line from the m/e l. If there is loss of load current drawn by motor decreases due to which it loses its required magnetism and release the handle. Under spring load it comes back to off position. Excessive . 2)when u completely overhaul . The current thru no volt coil energize it when handle is moved to run position. now if the ship is further heeled. supply that the turbine side brg is longer lubricated and cooled than the blower side brg. protecting the motor from over speeding. or lamellas. supply from the m/e to the t/c is interrupted. ensuring the lubrication and cooling of the two plain bearings during running out of the rotor for up to 20 mins. The no volt coil is designed in such a way that it holds the handle in run position only when sufficient current is flowing for which motor can run safely.L.) 113) What is no volt coil? (Volt coil is used in trip ckt .its similar to a laser gun used in checking temperatures) 118) What is bumping clearance and what r its effect? 119) What is bastard file? ( bastard file is a rough file bastard is the degree of roughness generally files are rough. GZ becomes positive) 112) The m/e t/c lub is supplied by m/e lo p/p. then GM is 0. This tk is @ atmospheric pressure.o. (POST LUBRICATION TANK and lubrication system. the ship rolls about this point . is unpressurised supplied back to the m/e l. Causes the effective resistance of the conductor to increase at higher frequencies where the skin depth is smaller thus reducing effective cross section of the conductor) 115) why we use soft iron core in transformer (hysteresis loss reduces due to less residual magnetism) 116) how bus bar is bolted ( 117) how will u check the O2 bottle supplied by the shore in large numbers if they are full or not (bottles are checked by radio isotopes or by weighing them. flows down from the from the post lubrication tk by gravity. Similarly if there is any voltage decrease then also no volt coil releases the handle. the l. this is energized by one phase and if there is any dip in the voltage then this coil is insufficiently energised and hence the breaker trips. system that also supplies the t/c.since u mention large numbers then radios isotopes s the best method. during sudden lub p/p failure how t/c is protected.bulk and includes such types as ore carriers and combination carriers) 111) angle of loll (angle of loll: If ship is initially unstable. bastard..this is because on further heeling beyond loll angle. This ensures that in case of standstill of m/e and shut off l..o.
LSFO-30-40) 137) What all checks to be made on liner before giving it for survey (ovality. To save making the plates too narrow at the ends of the ship.. Sathpathy 136) Cylinder lubrication. bursting disc..EXACT DIFINITION. docking bracket. the ship will also move towards port. check with manual for limits. stealer plate: a single wide plate which replaces two narrow plates in adjacent strakes of a ship plating/ the girth of the ship decreased toward the ends and so the width of the plates is also decresed in these parts. TBN how much it should be (HFO-70. wear.refer reeds or taylor ship const OR pintle has a tapered face which matches the tapered surface of rudder arm and then bolted.discard. 128) in which portion of a cylinder liner bending occurs 129) how to order grease 130) what is d difference between pipe thread and bolt thread (pipe thread is bsp.the oils hits the inside top of the tank during top wash so when u stand on the deck u can feel it and make him convince that its all working fine) 133) To which part of the ship is the pintle attached and how is it attached? is it fixed or is it floating with the rudder stock? ( pintle brg.. less deep. surface condition. Alarm) Mr. it is usual to run a number of pairs of adjacent strakes into one.50 means a valve designed for 5 kg pressure and pcd is 50 mm) 122) Why water drained from air bottle is milky white in color? (due to emulsion of water and oily) 123) As per marpol annex II what is water performance test? ( pg275-276. These . pressure cut-out switch. ( Aframax are ships with dwt b/w 80000 and 120000 and breadth over 32 mts.. polishing. engine speed and mean effective pressure. glazing.. appendix 5) 124) What type of welding are used 2 welds the anode to the hull & amp type of electrode? Sinha and mukharjee 125) What is gusset plate... cracks) 138) What causes ovality of liner (crosshead guideshoe and guide clearance) 139) What is propeller law (a series of relationship for an installed power transmission sys which refers to shaft power. low pr. stiller plate. And the word afra means "average freight rate assessment" 132) If chief officer says that cow machine is not working how will 2/e go about to convince him that it is working satisfactorily? ( There is an indicator on top of the cow machine which will show its operation. when u stand on the top of the tank i.stuffing box 3) when spring elongation is exceeded as per manual. 135) what are the safeties on air bottle (relief valve.. swash bulk head n thr purpose. annex 2. ) 126) what is required subdivision index and attained subdivision index 127) Hw to determine if d rudder moves in port.usually checked by hanging one kg weight at end new length -original length gies the elongation.e deck. replace with new one) 121) What does the markings on the valve 5K-50 mean? (5k. you can show him that OR you can do top wash.. lesser pitch and bolt thread is metric 131) WAT IS AFRAMAX TANKER. Pintle rotates along with the rudder) 134) Distance of the lubricating quills from top of the liner in terms of length of the liner. (pg-21/47 ship cons.
Thus it was not possible to adjust the fuel index of the individual pumps without also altering the injection timing. When tightened down and the hydraulic pressure is released the final exact fit in the bolt hole is achieved. Thus super VIT is for MAN B&W engines only 147) What is the purpose of tst in bulk carriers? (For hatch coming support.. Interference bolt dia is slightly bigger than the hole dia and these bolts are fitted by hydraulic stretching and later bolted and the hydraulic pressure released. for carrying ballast during ballast voyage.( details refer naval arch alphi Delphi OR This is a closely fitted bolt. The holes are initially drilled to undersize and are reamed in the assembling place before the bolts are tightened in place. like a pilgrim nut on coupling shafts. Sulzer system when introduced vit way back in 80's it could control both beginning n end. Thus MAN came up with super VIT where beginning n end both could be controlled by raising or lowering barrel in relation to plunger. A waste gate arrangement is a valve in turbocharger that regulate amount of exhaust gases in the turbine side of tc diverting some of the exhaust gases directly in exhaust piping this will regulate the speed of tc and thus the compression ratio on the compressor side of tc. These bolts could be of two types one having . this is sometimes required in winter season as the air is cold thereby dense and less compression is needed as tc are designed on normal temp so this arrangement is sometimes there for winter season. in segments for freedom of coolant to flow) 142) how piezo electric crystal looks (tetragonal crystals) 143) why engine room valves lift is D/4 144) what is the special construction of pedestal bearing on free end of rotor in auxiliary engine (margin for expansion) 145) What is fitted bolt? How is it fitted? Where is it used? (Fitted bolts are used to connect rudder stock with rudder. (Before the Super VIT was introduced variable injection timing was obtained by means of a special profile on the fuel pump plunger. the holes in either case are reamed in final place. due to profile of plunger n thus amount of fuel injected could not be changed with varying angle of injection at beginning. They are fitted by hammering. OR interference bolt and fitted bolt are they same? What i have heard is fitted bolt dia and hole dia are the same.. but end of injection was fixed.) 148) What r the checks u would do on over board disc v/vs. On main engine mounting these are situated aft of the engine in the way of thrust block.a slight taper of about 1:100 on diameter and the other having a large taper of about 1:15 on diameter. Hence there was a fixed relationship between the injection timing and the fuel index. where it is possible to adjust the fuel index and the injection timing independently In VIT beginning of injection could be controlled.? 149) Why governor spring is conical? ( f=mw2r and f=kx so linear relation) 150) What is a float free arrangement? (Float Free Arrangement is required on . 146) What is VIT and super VIT. Sometimes an oversized bolt is stretched hydraulically reducing the bolt diameter. and form a rigid fixture. coupling shafts etc. An engine under test and coupled to a dynamometer ll operate according to the propeller law. These bolts find place in engine / boiler mountings.) 140) What do we infer from Admiralty coefficient (reed’s naval arch-127) 141) what are liner ribs and why they are in segments and use (provided at upper parts of liner to withstand combustion pressure and strengthening. For this reason the Super VIT was introduced.relationships place particle limits on engine designer. However. Accuracy is required in the machining.
if your vessel capsizes too quickly for you to release the life raft manually the float-free arrangement may be your only chance of survival. gas nitriding 2. chlorination. leaf springs and oil chambers) 157) Describe the items of a RO plant that require frequent overhaul and maintenance. Float-free launching is the method of launching a life raft whereby it is automatically released from a sinking ship and is ready for use. The inspection plates in the way of the upper. Check the rudder drop in the steering gear compartment (trammel gauge). erosion and any damage. A float free link may be used with a Buoyant Apparatus or a Life Float and must be certified to meet 46 CFR. 155) What is a double stage evaporator boiler (turbine and auxiliary use) 156) Draw the diagram(side-view) of an axial vibration damper for a MAN B and W engine (sanyal 157-158. then to base cone which is fixed to steering gear flat. The rudder stock gland packing has to be checked and • 153) what is the similarity and difference between a m/e governor and flywheel ( gov maintains speed of engine. and the pintle nuts checked for proper securing.sterlizers) 158) What is a torsion meter? (it is a device to determine the torque or torsion in a shaft usually by measuring the twist in a calibrated length of shaft. the lower pintle to be cut open.v. subpart 160.073 151) wat is nitriding? (Nitriding is a heat treating process that alloys nitrogen onto the surface of a metal to create a case hardened surface. Hydraulic test the rudder for a static head of about 2.062. Water draining out indicates a breached rudder and the breach to be located by air pressure testing and applying soap repairs to be planned. jumping bar clearance and the palm coupling bolts tightness to be checked. Visual examination of the rudder plating for cracks and distortion.45m of sea water. flywheel works on virtue of inertia alone. A hydrostatic release unit used in a float free arrangement must have a Coast Guard approval number starting with 160. Check the rudder stock for corrosion. Check the pintle clearances. biodegradable oil) 160) How high pressure pipes are manufactured? (seamless pipes ) . Whatever type it is. salt bath nitriding. lower cone is fixed as it is attached to steering flat • rudder survey a. Float-free arrangements may either be an HRU or some other means. flywheel controls cyclic fluctuation of engine rpm. plasma nitriding. plug the drain and check the effectiveness by a vacuum check and cement the plug. wt of rudder acts down thru stock. After draining and re oiling the internals. How is sterilization carried out in it? (semi permeable membrane. From stock load is transferred to pilgrim nut then to tiller then to distance piece.Emergency Position Indicating Radio Beacons (EPIRB) and life rafts. 3. govnr uses inertia to actuate fuel linkage to counter change in rpm) 154) What is a thermal boiler? (In thermal boiler organic oils is heated in order to generate steam.) 152) explain how survey of rudder is done? how is the load of the rudder is transmitted to the ships hull? discuss about the stationary and moving cones? (pg 88 ship construction. This allows the unit to float free and operate automatically if the vessel sinks. This is supported by rudder carrier bearing. acid addition. Three process are there for nitriding 1. Later the plates to be welded and tested. by adding high viscosity oil. u. Air plugs and drain plugs are to be opened in the presence of the class surveyor. then to upper cone. This system is used in ships which carry cargo like bitumin n coaltar). repair superintendent and chief officer. ) 159) how will you avoid oil leaking from stern tube to sea( i think answer is by reducing the head of oil. upper cone is moveable &. Units may still be able to be launched / released manually.
.how anchor load testing is done ? . ( open joining shackle) 162) how can we get a plate from lets say 16 mm thick two plate of equal dimensions just 8 mm thick plate ( is cutting from its thickness but then the question is how to cut? doesn’t want laser cutting : it could be done by heating the plate and passing thru rollers to reduce thickness and then cutting it into two equal) SATPATHY AND MUKHERJEE 163) What are persistent oils? What are its effects on marine environment? (persistent oils generally contain a large proportion of heavy fractions or boiling materials. alarm and trip. “A computer processes the detector signal and transmits the process variable as 4-20 mA. the transmitted gamma rays arrive at the detector.whether speed increases or decreases.. the vessel contains no contents. A microprocessor Source emits gamma radiations. equate both the equations u will will get D/4 174.. this gamma energy drops in an inverse proportion to the process level. A continuous detector and 3. hydraulic oil high temp...161) The classification societies accept a diminution of the chain thickness up to 11%. the engine is alligned and hot resin bonds are poured in the mould to take the shape and solidify. override controls. there is a decrease in the amount of gamma rays getting to the detector. A source of gamma radiations( coblat 60 isotope) 2. Thus. how eta is attached to strong point in ship.These radiations passes through the vessel walls and material gets accumulated towards the detector. WHAT IS CHOKE FASTENING? At the time of engine installation. This output will show the level inside the vessel. how radio isotope or ultrasonic is used to measure de level of co2 bottles and how to check zero errors? A nuclear level measurement system basically includes following components: 1..why engine room valve lift is D/4???? assume tht valve is like cylinder and on the top is covered so minimum lift u will get from equating the cylinder area and circumference of the cylinder. The detector is installed on the other side of the vessel. 167) draw.. Doesn’t dissipate rapidly) 164) What is differential switch in crane? What are the safety features in crane other than limit switches? (braking. this is chock fastening. 173.area of cylinder is #(pie)D2/4 and circumference of cylinder is #(pie)DH. How bitts are welded on deck (bollards) 168) When main engine is changed from do to hfo with rack at fixed position. As soon as the level of the contents increases in the vessel.why? (speed ll increase) 169) Draw over speed trip of a/e ( 170) Difference between air compressor valves and ref compressor valves 171) How vertical centrifugal pump load is taken care? (double bearing) 172.. In case. 175. hydraulic oil tank low level alarm) 165) Principle of wake (reed’s naval arch pg 137) 166) Draw..
the anchor must rotate below the bottom surface. without pulling out. The anchor should not be damaged in any way. The vessel must be stopped in less then 3’/1M.Anchor Setting Under Motion . RPM was increased to 2000 and held continuously (force 9. and at 90˚. the boat anchor must HOLD and not drag or break out from any direction. . From idle speed. To pass the Test #2. the boat is given full throttle (maximum RPM) so that the anchor would be hit by the sudden and enormous force of the boat’s mass/speed.BOAT ANCHOR TEST #1 Anchor Setting and Breakout Test Test was started with an anchor on the bottom at 5:1 scope.000lbs). 135˚ and 170˚ direction. BOAT ANCHOR TEST #3 Panic Test . power is slowly increased to high RPM to enable anchor to set. Under maximum RPM and sudden impact force. BOAT ANCHOR TEST #2 Anchor Breakout Test – Sudden Impact Test When the anchor is set.000lbs/400HP/12mph). the rode should break (standard recommended nylon sized for the anchor weight – for 25 lbs/12kg anchor – 5/8”/16mm nylon rope breaking strength 11. simulating hurricane force wind conditions. At 3 MPH anchor is dropped in the sand bottom at 5:1 and 3:1 scope.Boat Speed 3 mph @ 5:1 and 3:1 Scope This test simulates a panic situation where the vessel is in motion due to high wind.000lbs) for 30 seconds. To pass the Test #1. During the tests. without pulling out and HOLD at the high RPM – force 9. 135˚ and 170˚ to the original set. the same exercise was done at 90˚. The sudden impact test is done at 0˚ (the previously set direction). the boat will relocate above the anchor. The anchor must rotate quickly below the bottom surface. After rotation is completed. the boat must be stopped in less then 3’/1M. With a slack rode (length for 5:1 and 3:1 scope).000lbs/4 ton. (30. the anchor must HOLD and not drag or break out from 0˚ up to 135˚. Once the anchor was set. on 0˚ orientation.
To pass test #3. it must pass tests #1. under constant load (maximum RPM). at 5:1. To pass test #4. 3:1 and 2:1 scope. the anchor must set and HOLD a 5:1 scope. . 2 & 3. Once set. Once the anchor is set. vessel makes full 360˚ circle around the anchor. BOAT ANCHOR TEST #4 360˚ Maximum Load Test-5:1 and 3:1 Scope. the anchor must HOLD at lease 5:1 and 3:1 scope.
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