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# SAP2000 Tutorial Example

## Analysis of Prestressed Concrete Beam

(Metric Units) ACECOMS, AIT

Table of Content
Objective............................................................................................................................4 Problem..............................................................................................................................4 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Create simple beam using Template.............................................................. 7 Define Material............................................................................................ 10 Define and Assign Beam Section Properties ............................................... 12 Define Load Case ........................................................................................ 14 Define and Assign Tendon .......................................................................... 16 Assign Prestress Load and Tendon Properties ............................................ 20 Define Load Combination ........................................................................... 22 Run Analysis ............................................................................................... 23 View Moment Diagram ............................................................................... 26

## SAP2000 Tutorial Example

ACECOMS, AIT

Objective
To demonstrate and practice step-by-step modeling and analysis of prestressed concrete beam

Problem
Carry out modeling and analysis of prestressed concrete beam as shown in following details and find the moment diagram for combination of dead load, live load and prestress load

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## SAP2000 Tutorial Example

ACECOMS, AIT

Step by Step
1. Create simple beam using Template
Step 1-1: Start SAP2000 and Select Working Unit Start up screen of SAP2000, select working unit to be Ton-m at drop-down menu on the bottom-right of screen and click on New Model button to start new model with template

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## SAP2000 Tutorial Example

ACECOMS, AIT

Step 1-2: Select Template and Specify 3D Frame Parameters Select Beam from template list

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## SAP2000 Tutorial Example

ACECOMS, AIT

2. Define Material
Step 2-1: Change Working Unit Select working unit to be kg, cm, C from second drop-down at right-bottom of screen

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## SAP2000 Tutorial Example

ACECOMS, AIT

Step 2-2: Specify Material Properties for Concrete CONC Go to Define >> Material, select on CONC and click on Modify/Show Material.

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## 3. Define and Assign Beam Section Properties

Step 3-1: Select Beam Click on beam or draw selection rectangular to cover on it.

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## SAP2000 Tutorial Example

ACECOMS, AIT

Step 3-2: Specify Section Dimension Go to Assign >> Frames/Cables/Tendons >> Frame Sections, select Add Rectangular from second drop-down menu and click on Add New Property

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## 4. Define Load Case

Step 4-1: Add LIVE Load Case Go to Define >> Load Cases and enter LIVE load case as shown in figure below

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## SAP2000 Tutorial Example

ACECOMS, AIT

Step 4-2: Add PRESTRESS Load Case Repeat Step 4-1 to add PRESTRESS load case

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## 5. Define and Assign Tendon

Step 5-1: Draw Tendon Click on Draw Frame/Cable from Line Object Type Element button and select Tendon

Make sure that Point and Grid Intersection button end node

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## SAP2000 Tutorial Example

ACECOMS, AIT

Step 5-2: Define Tendon Profile After draw the tendon on beam, Tendon Data For Line Object3 dialogue will appear, click on Parabolic Calculator button

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## SAP2000 Tutorial Example

ACECOMS, AIT

Step 5-3: Define Parabolic Curve for Tendon Enter Number of Points = 3, click on Quick Start and change Coord 2 on table as shown below.

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## SAP2000 Tutorial Example

ACECOMS, AIT

Step 5-4: View Tendon Profile Parabolic curve for tendon profile has been created.

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## 6. Assign Prestress Load and Tendon Properties

Step 6-1: Select Tendon Click on Set Select Mode button tendon line. to change to selection mode and click on

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## SAP2000 Tutorial Example

ACECOMS, AIT

Step 6-2: Specify Prestress Load and Tendon Properties Go to Assign >> Frame/Cable/Tendon Loads >> Tendon Loads and specify parameters as shown in figure below.

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## 7. Define Load Combination

Step 7-1: Select Tendon Go to Define >> Combinations and click on Add New Combo.

Select Case Name and click on Add to add DEAD, LIVE and PRESTRESS load case to COMB1load combination one by one.

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## SAP2000 Tutorial Example

ACECOMS, AIT

8. Run Analysis
Step 8-1: Set Analysis Options Go to Analyze >> Set Analysis Options and select XZ Plane

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## SAP2000 Tutorial Example

ACECOMS, AIT

Step 8-2: Start Analysis Go to Analyze >> Run Analysis, select MODAL from the list and click on Run/Do Not Run Case to stop MODAL analysis case from running. Click on Run Now

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## SAP2000 Tutorial Example

ACECOMS, AIT

Step 8-3: View Analysis Details and Check Error Message Wait until analysis status dialogue and scroll up to check error message. shows ANALYSIS COMPLETE

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## 9. View Moment Diagram

Step 9-1: Select Load/Load Combination and Component to Display Go to Display >> Show Forces/Stresses >> Frames/Cables and specify parameters as shown below

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