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SAP2000 Tutorial Example

Analysis of Prestressed Concrete Beam


(Metric Units) ACECOMS, AIT

Table of Content
Objective............................................................................................................................4 Problem..............................................................................................................................4 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Create simple beam using Template.............................................................. 7 Define Material............................................................................................ 10 Define and Assign Beam Section Properties ............................................... 12 Define Load Case ........................................................................................ 14 Define and Assign Tendon .......................................................................... 16 Assign Prestress Load and Tendon Properties ............................................ 20 Define Load Combination ........................................................................... 22 Run Analysis ............................................................................................... 23 View Moment Diagram ............................................................................... 26

SAP2000 Tutorial Example

ACECOMS, AIT

Objective
To demonstrate and practice step-by-step modeling and analysis of prestressed concrete beam

Problem
Carry out modeling and analysis of prestressed concrete beam as shown in following details and find the moment diagram for combination of dead load, live load and prestress load

Dimension and Loading

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Analysis of Prestressed Concrete Beam

SAP2000 Tutorial Example

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Concrete Material Properties (kg-cm)

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SAP2000 Tutorial Example

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Tendon Properties and Prestress Load(kg-cm)

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Analysis of Prestressed Concrete Beam

SAP2000 Tutorial Example

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Step by Step
1. Create simple beam using Template
Step 1-1: Start SAP2000 and Select Working Unit Start up screen of SAP2000, select working unit to be Ton-m at drop-down menu on the bottom-right of screen and click on New Model button to start new model with template

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SAP2000 Tutorial Example

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Step 1-2: Select Template and Specify 3D Frame Parameters Select Beam from template list

Enter parameters as shown in figure below.

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Analysis of Prestressed Concrete Beam

SAP2000 Tutorial Example

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Step 1-3: Close 3D View Window Close 3D View window by clicking on

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SAP2000 Tutorial Example

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2. Define Material
Step 2-1: Change Working Unit Select working unit to be kg, cm, C from second drop-down at right-bottom of screen

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Step 2-2: Specify Material Properties for Concrete CONC Go to Define >> Material, select on CONC and click on Modify/Show Material.

Enter material properties as shown in figure below.

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SAP2000 Tutorial Example

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3. Define and Assign Beam Section Properties


Step 3-1: Select Beam Click on beam or draw selection rectangular to cover on it.

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Analysis of Prestressed Concrete Beam

SAP2000 Tutorial Example

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Step 3-2: Specify Section Dimension Go to Assign >> Frames/Cables/Tendons >> Frame Sections, select Add Rectangular from second drop-down menu and click on Add New Property

Enter section dimension as shown in figure below.

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SAP2000 Tutorial Example

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4. Define Load Case


Step 4-1: Add LIVE Load Case Go to Define >> Load Cases and enter LIVE load case as shown in figure below

Click on Add New Load to add LIVE load case in list

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Analysis of Prestressed Concrete Beam

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Step 4-2: Add PRESTRESS Load Case Repeat Step 4-1 to add PRESTRESS load case

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SAP2000 Tutorial Example

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5. Define and Assign Tendon


Step 5-1: Draw Tendon Click on Draw Frame/Cable from Line Object Type Element button and select Tendon

Make sure that Point and Grid Intersection button end node

is activated, click on start and

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Analysis of Prestressed Concrete Beam

SAP2000 Tutorial Example

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Step 5-2: Define Tendon Profile After draw the tendon on beam, Tendon Data For Line Object3 dialogue will appear, click on Parabolic Calculator button

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SAP2000 Tutorial Example

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Step 5-3: Define Parabolic Curve for Tendon Enter Number of Points = 3, click on Quick Start and change Coord 2 on table as shown below.

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Step 5-4: View Tendon Profile Parabolic curve for tendon profile has been created.

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SAP2000 Tutorial Example

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6. Assign Prestress Load and Tendon Properties


Step 6-1: Select Tendon Click on Set Select Mode button tendon line. to change to selection mode and click on

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Analysis of Prestressed Concrete Beam

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Step 6-2: Specify Prestress Load and Tendon Properties Go to Assign >> Frame/Cable/Tendon Loads >> Tendon Loads and specify parameters as shown in figure below.

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SAP2000 Tutorial Example

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7. Define Load Combination


Step 7-1: Select Tendon Go to Define >> Combinations and click on Add New Combo.

Select Case Name and click on Add to add DEAD, LIVE and PRESTRESS load case to COMB1load combination one by one.

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Analysis of Prestressed Concrete Beam

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8. Run Analysis
Step 8-1: Set Analysis Options Go to Analyze >> Set Analysis Options and select XZ Plane

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Step 8-2: Start Analysis Go to Analyze >> Run Analysis, select MODAL from the list and click on Run/Do Not Run Case to stop MODAL analysis case from running. Click on Run Now

Specify file name and click on Save to save model.

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Step 8-3: View Analysis Details and Check Error Message Wait until analysis status dialogue and scroll up to check error message. shows ANALYSIS COMPLETE

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9. View Moment Diagram


Step 9-1: Select Load/Load Combination and Component to Display Go to Display >> Show Forces/Stresses >> Frames/Cables and specify parameters as shown below

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SAP2000 Tutorial Example

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Step 9-2: Display Moment 3-3 Diagram

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Note: Sign Convention for Frame Element

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