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MASTER'S STANDING ORDERS OOW is responsible for the safe navigation of the Ship for the whole period

of his watch until such time as he has handed over his watch or, the Master has taken to command, and during that time he will remain on bridge. The OOW will be guided by the contents of international regulations and guidelines, but paying particular attention to the followings; THE SAFETY OF THE SHIP AND HER CREW ARE ALWAYS TO BE CONSIDERED PRIMARILY

1. The first and foremost duty of the OOW is the keeping of a GOOD LOOKOUT, using all means available, visual,

audible and electronic. 2. The International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea are to be strictly observed. Do not hesitate to use whistle or engine in obeying these regulations. The maneuvering will be so clarity and in sufficient time to let any other vessel in no doubt as your intention when altering course 3. If you are in doubt to another vessel's intention, or if the bearing of any vessel on the port side is steady, call the Master, preferably when the range still exceeds five miles. 4. In reduced visibility immediately comply with international regulations. Do not hesitate to use whistle or engine if necessary. Commence plotting all targets, and inform the Master and Engine Control Room. For the purpose of these orders reduced visibility is anything less than three (3 ) miles. 5. All watch keeping officers have unlimited access to use main engine all the times. 6. The CPA should be maintained at least 2 NM whenever possible for overtaking/crossing vessels and fishing boats. 7. Only one chart at a time is to be on the chart table, this being the largest scale available for the area being navigated. Time spent in the chartroom is to be limited to essential navigational duties. 8. At sea, gyro and magnetic compasses are to be compared frequently and an azimuth bearing is to be taken after every major course alteration or at least once per watch. 9. All incoming radio or VHF warnings are to be drawn to the attention of the Master (navigational, weather forecasts, etc.) 10. Officers are to read the Company Regulations and carry out the duties prescribed therein. Officers are also to comply with all state regulations and to be conversant with all current 'M' Notices, Statutory Instruments and Coast Guard requirements. 11. UNDER PILOTAGE. An accurate record of the ship's passage (passing breakwaters, buoys etc.) is to be kept in the Log For Navigation In Confined Waters, together with details of all whistle signals and speed reductions whilst passing other vessels, mooring or shore installations. 12. AT ANCHORAGE. Use any or all of the navigational aids to monitor the vessel's position and the relative positions of other ships, shore transit bearing are to be used whenever possible as the quickest means of detecting a dragging anchor. 13. Most anchorages, however sheltered, can become untenable in a very short space of time in sudden bad weather. It is therefore of the utmost importance that at the first signs of deteriorating weather the main engine is put on immediate notice and the Master and Boatswain called. 14. IN PORT. For the whole period of his watch the OOW is responsible for the safety of the ship and cargo operation. He/she should ensure that; Gangways are fitted with properly rigged safety net, well lit. Moorings are to be checked regularly, especially in ports where swell surges are experienced. A stowaway search is to be carried out prior to departure. All officers are to sign these orders

Call Master in the following circumstances, but not limited: if restricted visibility is encountered or expected, if the traffic conditions or the movements of other ships are causing concern, if difficulty is experienced in maintaining course, on failure to sight land, a navigation mark or to obtain soundings by the expected time, if, unexpectedly, land or navigation mark is sighted or change in sounding occurs, on the breakaway of the engines, steering gear or any essential navigation equipment, in heavy weather if in any doubt about the possibility of weather damage, in any other emergency or situation in which he is in any doubt.

Chief Officer

2nd Officer

3rd Officer