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# WORKSHEET MAGNETISM DESCRIBING HOW TO MAKE MAGNET

BASIC COMPETENCE To investigate the symptom of magnetism and how to make magnet

OBJECTIVES OF ACTIVITY After doing experiment and group discussion, the student are able to make magnet

TIME ALLOCATION Time is required to doing experiment, to discuss task and to present of discussion product is 30 minutes TOOLS AND MATERIALS
1. Iron and steel materials (like as large nails)

2. Iron dust
3. Magnet 4. Battery 5. Cable 6. Magnet 7. Rule 8. Plywood

SHORT INFORMATION Objects that can be attracted there is a magnet that can be attracted strongly, and there are weakly drawn. Therefore, the object grouped into three, namely ferromagnetic

objects, paramagnetic objects, and diamagnetic objects. Object that be attracted strongly by the magnet are called ferromagnetic objects. For example are iron, steel, nickel, and cobalt. Object that be attracted weakly by the magnet is called paramagnetic objects. For example are platinum, copper, and salt. Object that be rejected by a magnet weakly called diamagnetic. For example tin, aluminum, gold, and bismuth. Magnetic objects that are not magnet can be magnet. That objects there is easily and there is difficultly to be magnet. Each magnetic objects basically consists of small magnets called elementary magnets. Objects that are not magnet, its magnet elementary direction is irregular. Meanwhile, the magnetic objects have regular elementary magnetic direction (Consider Figure 1). Therefore, principle of making the magnet is to change the arrangement of the elementary magnets from irregular becomes regular direction and . There are three ways make a magnet, that is rubbing, induction, and electric current.

Figure 1. The arrangement of a magnet Make a magnet with rubbing, iron rubbed with point of permanent magnet in one direction. Make a magnet with induction, hold the nails into magnet. The last make magnet with electric current, connect nail to battery.

## WORK PROCEDURES ACTIVITY 1

1. Alternately, hold the iron materials to iron dust. What happened? 2. Rub a nail in one direction with a magnetic bar 10 times. Then bring to the iron dust. What

happened? ACTIVITY 2
1.

## 2. Take a large nail into a magnet at distance of 3 cm

then hold the tip of a large nail to iron dust. What happened?
3.

Take away magnet from a nail, what happen to the iron dust?

ACTIVITY 3
1. Wrap the wire to a nail as much as 5 times and connect with battery. Hold to iron dust.

What happened?
2. Disconnect wire from battery. What happen with iron dust?

1. According your experiment, whether the iron spikes before it is rubbed with a magnet can

## attract iron dust? Answer :................................................................................................................................. .................................................................................................................................

2. What happened to nail after nail rubbed on a magnet and then brought near the iron dust?

3. According your experiment, when the point of magnet hold to the point of nail, whether

## that nail can be magnetic? Answer :................................................................................................................................. .................................................................................................................................

4. What happened to iron dust when magnet take away from point of nail?

5. According your experiment, whether the iron spikes can attract iron dust after connect to

6. What happened to iron dust when disconnect to battery?

7. Write the conclusion of your experiment!

1.

## LEMBAR KERJA SISWA

Membuat Magnet dengan Cara Digosok Alat dan Bahan : 1). Paku besar 2). Paku kecil 3). Magnet Langkah kerja : 1. Gosoklah paku besar ke satu arah dengan magnet batang sebanyak 10 kali. Kemudian dekatkan ke paku besar. a. Apa yang terjadi? Jawab: Paku kecil akan menempel pada paku besar yang sudah digosokkan dengan magnet. b. Berapa paku kecil yang terangkat? Jawab: Bila paku besar digosokkan 10 kali maka, akan menempel 2 buah paku kecil. 2. 3. Ulangi kegiatan (1) dengan jumlah gosokan 20 dan 30 kali. Tuliskan dalam tabel berikut ini ! No. 1 2 3 Banyak Gosokan 10 Kali 20 Kali 30 Kali Banyak Paku Kecil yang Menempel 2 Buah 3 Buah 4 Buah

Pertanyaan: 1. 2. Tuliskan hubungan antara banyaknya gosokan dengan banyak paku kecil yang menempel? Tuliskan kesimpulan percobaan !

Jawab:

1. 2.

Semakin banyaknya gosokan yang dilakukan, maka sifat magnet yang ditimbulkan oleh paku besar dapat membuat paku kecil menempel. Semakin banyak gosokan yang diberikan magnet ke paku besar, semakin banyak pula paku kecil yang dapat menempel ke paku besar.

Membuat Magnet dengan Cara Induksi Alat dan Bahan : 1). Paku besar 2). Paku kecil Langkah Kerja : 1. Dekatkan paku besar ke magnet pada jarak 3 cm, kemudian dekatkan ujung paku besar ke paku kecil

## 3). Magnet 4). Mistar

Jawab: Paku kecil akan menempel pada paku besar yang didekatkan dengan magnet. b. Berapa paku kecil yang sudah terangkat ? Jawab: Dalam jarak 3 cm, paku kecil yang menempel hanya satu buah. 2. 3. Ulangi kegiatan (1) pada jarak 2 cm dan 1 cm Tuliskan dalam tabel berikut ini !

No. 1 2 3

## Banyak Paku yang Menempel 1 buah 2 buah 5 buah

Pertanyaan: 1. 2. Tuliskan hubungan jarak paku magnet dengan paku kecil yang menempel ! Tuliskan kesimpulan percobaanmu !

Jawab: 1. Semakin dekat jarak antara paku dengan magnet, maka sifat magnet yang dimiliki paku besar semakin kuat dan paku kecil akan menempel.

2. Semakin dekat jarak antara paku besar dengan magnet, maka paku kecil yang akan

menempel ke paku besar akan semakin banyak. Membuat Magnet dengan Cara Mengalirkan Arus Listrik Alat dan Bahan 1). Paku besar 2). Paku kecil Langkah Kerja : 1. Kupas kabel, selanjutnya lilitkan ke paku besar sebanyak 5 kali dan hubungkan dengan arus listrik. Dekatkan dengan paku kecil.

## 3). Baterai 4). Kabel

Jawab: Paku kecil akan menempel pada paku besar yang sudah dialiri arus listrik dari baterai.
b. Berapa paku kecil yang terangkat ?

Jawab: Hanya 1 buah. 2. 3. Ulangi kegiatan (1) dengan jumlah lilitan 10 kali dan 15 kali ! Tuliskan dalam tabel berikut ini !

No. 1 2 3

## Banyak Paku Kecil yang Menempel 1 Buah 2 Buah 3 Buah

Pertanyaan: 1. 2. Tulis hubungan antara banyak lilitan dengan banyak paku kecil yang menempel ! Tuliskan kesimpulan percobaanmu !

Jawab: 1. Hubungan antara banyak lilitan dengan banyak paku kecil yang menempel adalah semakin banyak lilitan yang dibuat ke paku besar dan telah dihubungkan dengan baterai, maka paku kecil akan semakin banyak menempel.

2. Semakin banyak lilitan, maka sifat magnet pada paku semakin kuat serta semakin banyak paku kecil yang akan menempel.

STUDENT WORKSHEET How to Make Magnets with polished Tools and Materials: 1). Large nails 2). Small nails 3). Magnet Work steps: 1. Rub a large nail in one direction with a magnetic rod 10 times. Then bring to the big nails. a. What happened? Answer: Small nails will stick to the large nails that have been rubbed with a magnet. b. How many small nails which lifted? Answer: When the nail was rubbed 10 times then, it will stick 2 pieces of small nails. 2. Repeat activities (1) the amount of rubbing 20 and 30 times. 3. Write in the following table! No. Many rubbing Many Small Nails Pasting 1 10 times 2 Fruit 2 20 time 3 Fruit 3 30 Kali 4 Fruit

Question: 1. Write down the relationship between the amount of rubbing with a lot of small nails that stick? 2. Write the conclusion of the experiment!

Answer: 1. Increasing number of rubbing is done, then the magnetic properties caused by the large nails can make a small nail sticking. 2. The more rubbing magnets given to the large nails, the more small nails that can be attached to a large nail. How to Make Magnets with Induction Tools and Materials: 1). Large nails 3). Magnet 2). Small nails 4). Rule Step Work: 1. Bring a large nail into a magnet at a distance of 3 cm, then hold the tip of a large nail to small nail a. What happened? Answer: Small nails will stick to the large nails that brought near the magnet. b. How many small nails that have been raised? Answer: In a distance of 3 cm, small nails that attach to only one fruit. 2. Repeat activities (1) at a distance of 2 cm and 1 cm 3. Write in the following table! No. Distance Paku Paku with Magnet Many of Pasting 1 3 cm 1 pc 2 4 cm 2 pieces 3 5 cm 5 pieces Question: 1. Write the distance ties nails - tiny magnets with a nail that sticks! 2. Write the conclusion of your experiment! Answer: 1. The closer the distance between the nail with a magnet, the magnetic properties owned by large nails stronger and small nails will stick. 2. The closer the distance between a large nail with a magnet, the small nails that will stick to

the big nails will be many more. Making Magnets with Electricity Flow Flowing Method Tools and Materials 1). Large nails 3). Battery 2). Small nails 4). Cable Step Work: 1. Peel the wires, then wrap to nail as much as 5 times and connect with electric current. Bring a small nail. a. What happened? Answer: Small nails will stick to the large nails that have been electrified from the battery. b. How many small nails which lifted? Answer: Only one fruit. 2. Repeat activities (1) by the number of loops 10 times and 15 times! 3. Write in the following table! No. Many many winding, Small Nail Pasting 1 5 a 1 Fruit 2 10 times 2 Fruit 3 15 Kali 3 Fruit Question: 1. Write the relationship between the many winding with lots of little nails that stick! 2. Write the conclusion of your experiment! Answer: 1. The relationship between the many winding with many small nails that attach to the growing number of windings are made to the large nails and has been associated with the battery, then it will be many more small nails sticking. 2. The more coils, the magnetic properties of the nail growing stronger and more and more small nails that will stick.