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AS 60068.

12003
IEC 60068-1:1991 IEC 60068-1:1991/Amd 1:1992
AS 60068.1

Australian Standard
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Environmental testing Part 1: General and guidance

This Australian Standard was prepared by Committee EL-026, Protective Enclosures and Environmental Testing for Electrical/Electronic Equipment. It was approved on behalf of the Council of Standards Australia on 14 February 2003 and published on 20 March 2003.

The following are represented on Committee EL-026: Australian Chamber of Commerce and Industry
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Australian Electrical and Electronic Manufacturers Association Electrical Compliance Testing Association Electrical Regulatory Authorities Council Electricity Supply Association of Australia Testing Interests (Australia)

Keeping Standards up-to-date Standards are living documents which reflect progress in science, technology and systems. To maintain their currency, all Standards are periodically reviewed, and new editions are published. Between editions, amendments may be issued. Standards may also be withdrawn. It is important that readers assure themselves they are using a current Standard, which should include any amendments which may have been published since the Standard was purchased. Detailed information about Standards can be found by visiting the Standards Australia web site at www.standards.com.au and looking up the relevant Standard in the on-line catalogue. Alternatively, the printed Catalogue provides information current at 1 January each year, and the monthly magazine, The Australian Standard, has a full listing of revisions and amendments published each month. We also welcome suggestions for improvement in our Standards, and especially encourage readers to notify us immediately of any apparent inaccuracies or ambiguities. Contact us via email at mail@standards.com.au, or write to the Chief Executive, Standards Australia International Ltd, GPO Box 5420, Sydney, NSW 2001.

This Standard was issued in draft form for comment as DR 02476.

AS 60068.12003

Australian Standard
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Environmental testing Part 1: General and guidance

Originated as part of AS C3331963. Previous edition AS 1099.11989. AS 1099.11989 revised and redesignated as AS 60068.12003.

COPYRIGHT
Standards Australia International All rights are reserved. No part of this work may be reproduced or copied in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, without the written permission of the publisher. Published by Standards Australia International Ltd GPO Box 5420, Sydney, NSW 2001, Australia
ISBN 0 7337 5088 5

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PREFACE
This Standard was prepared by the Standards Australia Committee EL-026, Protective Enclosures and Environmental Testing for Electrical/Electronic Equipment to supersede AS 1099.11989, Basic environmental testing procedures for electrotechnology Part 1: General. The objective of this Standard is to provide the electrotechnology industry with a complete set of environmental test procedures published as a series under AS 60068 Environmental testing. This Standard is Part 1 of that series. This Standard is identical with, and has been reproduced, from IEC 60068-1:1991, Environmental testingPart 1: General and guidance incorporating Amendment 1:1992. As this Standard is reproduced from an International Standard, the following applies:
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(a) (b) (c) (d)

Its number does not appear on each page of text and its identity is shown only on the cover and title page. In the source text this international standard should read this Australian Standard. A full point should be substituted for a comma when referring to a decimal marker. Any French text on figures should be ignored.
requirements proper: in arial type ; test specifications: in italic type;
explanatory matter: in smaller arial type.

In this Standard, the following print types are used:

Any international Standard referenced should be replaced by an equivalent Australian Standard when one is available. The availability of equivalent Australian Standards can be determined either from the Standards Australia catalogue or from the Standards Australia website (www.standards.com.au).

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CONTENTS
Page 1 2 3 4 Introduction ..................................................................................................................... 1 Scope .............................................................................................................................. 3 Object .............................................................................................................................. 3 Definitions ....................................................................................................................... 4 4.1 Test ........................................................................................................................ 4 4.1.1 Pre-conditioning.......................................................................................... 4 4.1.2 Conditioning ............................................................................................... 5 4.1.3 Recovery .................................................................................................... 5 4.2 Specimen ............................................................................................................... 5 4.3 Heat-dissipating specimen ...................................................................................... 5 4.4 Free air conditions .................................................................................................. 5 4.5 Relevant specification............................................................................................. 5 4.6 Ambient temperature .............................................................................................. 5 4.6.1 Non-heat-dissipating specimens ................................................................. 5 4.6.2 Heat-dissipating specimens ........................................................................ 5 4.7 Surface temperature (case temperature)................................................................. 5 4.8 Thermal stability ..................................................................................................... 6 4.9 Chamber................................................................................................................. 6 4.9.1 Working space ............................................................................................ 6 4.10 Combined test ........................................................................................................ 6 4.11 Composite test ....................................................................................................... 6 4.12 Sequence of tests ................................................................................................... 6 4.13 Reference atmosphere ........................................................................................... 7 4.14 Referee measurements........................................................................................... 7 4.15 Conditioning (of a specimen for measurement) ....................................................... 7 Standard atmospheric conditions ..................................................................................... 7 5.1 Standard reference atmosphere.............................................................................. 7 5.2 Standard atmospheres for referee measurements and tests.................................... 7 5.3 Standard atmospheric conditions for measurement and tests.................................. 8 5.4 Recovery conditions ............................................................................................... 8 5.5 Standard conditions for assisted drying .................................................................. 9 Use of methods of test ..................................................................................................... 9 Climatic sequence ........................................................................................................... 9 Component climatic category ..........................................................................................10 Application of tests .........................................................................................................10

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6 7 8 9

10 Significance of the numerical value of a quantity.............................................................10 10.1 Quantity expressed as nominal value with tolerance ..............................................10 10.2 Quantity expressed as a range of values ...............................................................11 Annex A Component climatic category .................................................................................12 Annex B General guidance...................................................................................................13

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NOTES

STANDARDS AUSTRALIA Australian Standard Environmental testing Part 1: General and guidance
1 Introduction

1.1 IEC 60068 contains fundamental information on environmental testing procedures and severities of tests. In addition, Part 1 contains information on atmospheric conditions for measurement and testing.
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It is intended to be used in those cases where a relevant specification for a certain type of product (electrical, electromechanical and electronic equipment and devices, their subassemblies and constituent parts and components), hereinafter referred to as specimen, has to be prepared, so as to achieve uniformity and reproducibility in the environmental testing of this product.
NOTE Although primarily intended for electrotechnical products, many of the environmental testing procedures in Part 2 of this publication are equally applicable to other industrial products.

The expression environmental conditioning or environmental testing covers the natural and artificial environments to which specimens may be exposed so that an assessment can be made of their performance under conditions of use, transport and storage to which they may be subjected in practice. The requirements for the performance of specimens subjected to environmental conditioning are not covered by this publication. The relevant specification for the specimen under test defines the allowed performance limits during and after environmental testing. When drafting a relevant specification or purchasing contract, only those tests should be specified that are necessary for the relevant specimen taking into account the technical and economic aspects. IEC 60068 consists of: a) b) this first Part (IEC 60068-1) which deals with generalities;
NOTE Attention is drawn to IEC 60068-2-48.

the second Part (IEC 60068-2) published as separate booklets each dealing with a family of tests or a particular test or guidance for their application;
NOTE Attention is drawn to IEC 60068-2-47.

c) d)

the third Part (IEC 60068-3) published as separate booklets each dealing with background information on a family of tests; the fourth Part (IEC 60068-4), giving information for specification writers, published in two sections of which the second, in loose-leaf form, contains summaries of all the current tests in IEC 60068-2;
NOTE Fire hazard tests are separately published in IEC 60695.

1.2 The following historical survey gives the significant features of this and of the earlier editions: First edition (1954) Contained not only the general part but also many of the individual tests which now form part of the IEC 60068-2 series.
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Second edition (1960) Format changed to IEC 60068-1: General. Tests published separately as IEC 60068-2 series. Degrees of severity were included for all tests. Third edition (1968) Degrees of severity dropped, many more definitions included which were amended and added to in amendment 1, December 1972, and component climatic category introduced. The recovery clause (subclause 5.4) was intended to apply to normal applications so that ALL SPECIMENS would be submitted to rigidly controlled conditions, unless otherwise specified. Supplement A was issued in December 1974 to add further definitions of combined and composite tests and sequences of tests. Fourth edition (1978) Amendment 1 and Supplement A to the third edition were incorporated in this edition and an amendment to standard recovery conditions, also including further recovery conditions with wider tolerances on temperature and humidity, was added to the original 5.4 of the third edition. Fifth edition (1982) This edition comprised the text of the fourth edition with the addition of clause 10: Significance of the numerical value of a quantity, and of an annex giving general guidance on environmental testing. Sixth edition (1988) This edition contains a largely editorial revision of the fifth edition, the technical content of IEC 60160, which will be withdrawn, and technical amendments of clause 7 and annex A. 1.3 The families of tests comprising Part 2 of this publication are designated by the following upper-case letters: A: B: C: D: E: F: G: H: J: K: L: M: N: P: Q: R: S: T: Cold. Dry heat. Damp heat (steady-state). Damp heat (cyclic). Impact (for example shack and bump). Vibration. Acceleration (steady state). Awaiting allocation (was originally allotted to ''storage tests for which see note in item a) of 1.1. Mould growth. Corrosive atmospheres (for example salt mist). Dust and sand. Air pressure (high or low). Change of temperature. Awaiting allocation (was originally allotted to flammability tests now being dealt with as fire hazard tests in IEC 60695). Sealing (including panel sealing, container sealing and protection against ingress and leakage of fluid). Water (for example rain, dripping water). Radiation (for example solar, but excluding electromagnetic). Soldering (including resistance to heat from soldering).
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U: V: W: Y: Robustness of terminations (of components). Awaiting allocation (was originally allocated to acoustic noise but vibration, acoustically induced will now be Test Fg, one of the vibration family of tests). Awaiting allocation. Awaiting allocation.

The letter X is used as a prefix together with a second upper-case letter providing for extension of the list of families of tests, e.g. Test XA: Immersion in cleaning solvents. The letter Z is used to denote combined tests and composite tests as follows: Z is followed by a solidus and a group of upper-case letters relating to the combined or composite stresses, for example Test Z/AM: Combined cold and low air pressure tests. If appropriate, any test may be designated as primarily intended for components or primarily intended for equipment.
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1.4 To provide for future expansion within a family of tests and to maintain consistency of presentation, each family of tests may be subdivided. The subdivisions are identified by the addition of a (lower-case) second letter, for example: U: Test Ua: Test Ub: Test Uc: Test Ud: Robustness of terminations and integral mounting devices Subdivided as Test Ua 1 : Tensile and Test Ua 2 : Thrust Bending Torsion Torque

This subdivision will be made even though only one test is published and no further tests are immediately contemplated in the relevant family. In order to avoid confusion with numbers, the letters i, I, o and O will not be used. 1.5 See editorial footnote 1

Scope

IEC 60068 includes a series of methods of environmental test and their appropriate severities, and prescribes various atmospheric conditions for measurements and tests designed to assess the ability of specimens to perform under expected conditions of transportation, storage and all aspects of operational use. Although primarily intended for electrotechnical products this publication is not restricted to them and may be used in other fields where desired. Other methods of environmental test, specific to the individual types of specimen, may be included in the relevant specifications.

Object

The object of IEC 60068 is to provide a series of uniform and reproducible methods of environmental (primarily climatic and mechanical robustness) test, with standard atmospheric conditions for measurements and tests, for those preparing specifications and for those engaged in the testing of those products. ____________________________________________________________________________
1 Editorial note Safety pilot functions (see IEC Guide 104) have been allocated to subcommittee 50A for mechanical robustness testing and to subcommittee 50B for corrosion testing. www.standards.com.au Standards Australia

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AS 60068.1-2003, Environmental testing General and guidance


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