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AS/NZS 1133:1996

IWTO-28-93

Australian/New Zealand Standard®


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Wool—Determination by the Airflow


Method of the mean fibre diameter
of core samples of raw wool
[IWTO title: Determination by the Airflow Method of the mean fibre
diameter of core samples of raw wool]
AS/NZS 1133:1996

This Joint Australian/New Zealand Standard was prepared by Joint Technical


Committee TX/12, Wool. It was approved on behalf of the Council of Standards
Australia on 24 January 1996 and on behalf of the Council of Standards New Zealand
on 20 February 1996. It was published on 5 April 1996.

The following interests are represented on Committee TX/12:

Australian Council of Wool Exporters


Australian Wool Exchange
Australian Wool Processors Council
Australian Wool Research and Promotion Organisation
CSIRO—Division of Wool Technology
Department of Defence, Australia
Lincoln University, New Zealand
National Association of Testing Authorities, Australia
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National Council of New Zealand Wool Interests


National Council of Wool Selling Brokers of Australia
New Zealand Council of Wool Exporters
New Zealand Wool Board
New Zealand Wool Brokers Association
Telarc, New Zealand
Testing interests, Australia
Testing interests, New Zealand
University of New South Wales
Wool Council of Australia
Wool Scourers and Carbonisers Association of Australia
Wool Research Organization of New Zealand

Review of Standards. To keep abreast of progress in industry, Joint Australian/


New Zealand Standards are subject to periodic review and are kept up to date by the
issue of amendments or new editions as necessary. It is important therefore that
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amendments thereto.
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taken.

This Standard was issued in draft form for comment as DR 95081.

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AS/NZS 1133:1996

Australian/New Zealand Standard®


This is a free 5 page sample. Access the full version at http://infostore.saiglobal.com.

Wool—Determination by the Airflow


Method of the mean fibre diameter
of core samples of raw wool

PUBLISHED JOINTLY BY:

STANDARDS AUSTRALIA
1 The Crescent,
Homebush NSW 2140 Australia

STANDARDS NEW ZEALAND


Level 10, Radio New Zealand House,
155 The Terrace,
Wellington 6001 New Zealand
ISBN 0 7337 0378 X
ii

PREFACE

This Standard was prepared by the Joint Standards Australia/Standards New Zealand Committee TX/12
on Wool to supersede AS 1133 — 1985. It is identical with and has been reproduced from IWTO-28-93,
Determination by the Airflow Method of the mean fibre diameter of core samples of raw wool, which
is largely based on AS 1133 — 1985, Wool — Determination of the mean fibre diameter of raw wool.
The objective of this Standard is to provide the wool industry with a method for determining the mean
fibre diameter of raw wool using the Airflow Method.
The source text should be modified as follows:
(a) Clause 6.3.1 (vii) Delete the word ‘micron’ in the last line and replace with the word
‘micrometre’.
(b) Appendix Z, Clause 4 Delete the first paragraph and replace with the following:
‘For flowmeters without a graduated millimetre scale, fix a scale graduated in millimetres behind
the flowmeter (F) so that the zero of this scale coincides with a file mark (zero) made near the
bottom of the flowmeter.’
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As this Standard is reproduced from an international publication, the following applies:


(i) Its number appears on the cover and title page, while the International Standard number appears
only on the cover.
(ii) Insert the word ‘normative’ beneath the title of Appendix 1, Appendix 2, Appendix 4 and
Appendix 6, and the word ‘informative’ beneath the title of Appendix 3, Appendix 5, Appendix 7,
Appendix 8, Appendix 9 and Appendix 10.
References to International Standards and other publications should be replaced by the equivalent
Australian/New Zealand Standard, as follows:
Reference to International Standard or other Joint Australian/New Zealand Standard
publication:
IWTO AS/NZS
6 Method of test for the determination of the —
mean diameter of wool fibres in combed
sliver using the air flow apparatus
19 Determination of wool base and vegetable 1134 Wool — Determination of wool base and
matter base of core samples of raw wool vegetable matter base of core samples of
raw wool
Core Test Regulations —
AFNOR
NF G07-059 Textiles. Tests of fibre. —
Air permeability.
Method for the determination of
mean diameter of wool fibres
AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY YEAR —
BOOK

The terms ‘normative’ and ‘informative’ have been used in this Standard to define the
application of the appendix to which they apply. A ‘normative’ appendix is an integral part
of a Standard, whereas an ‘informative’ appendix is only for information and guidance.

Originated in Australia as AS 1133—1971.


Previous edition Australia AS 1133—1985.
Jointly revised and designated AS/NZS 1133:1996.

Incorporating:
Amdt 1—1997
Amdt 2—1997
Amdt 3—1998
1

AUSTRALIAN/NEW ZEALAND STANDARD

Determination by the Airflow Method of the mean fibre diameter of


core samples of raw wool

0. Brief History

This method has been revised by the IWTO Fineness Working Group from the original
version first issued as a Test Method Under Examination in May, 1971, and was later
converted to a full Specification in June, 1975.
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The current text contains substantial modifications and excludes the use of the “Constant
Flow” Airflow Fineness Meter. This text was adopted by the IWTO Standardisation Sub-
committee and IWTO Statutes and Agreements Committee in Perth, May, 1989, with
amendments which were approved in Istanbul, May, 1993.

1. Foreword

When a current of air is passed through a mass of fibres packed in a chamber with perforated
ends the ratio of airflow to differential pressure is primarily determined by the total surface
area of the fibres. This was predicted from the hydrodynamic equations of Kozeny 1 and
others.

For fibres of circular or near-circular cross-section and constant density, such as non-
medullated wool, the surface area of a given mass of fibres is inversely proportional to the
Mean Fibre Diameter. This principle can be utilised to construct an apparatus giving an
estimate of Mean Fibre Diameter; the Airflow Method is simple and rapid. Since the method
is indirect, the apparatus must first be calibrated, using fibres of known mean diameter.

It has been shown2 that the estimate of Mean Fibre Diameter given by the Airflow Method
is d(1 + c2), where d is the Mean Fibre Diameter (length biased), given by the projection
microscope and c the fractional coefficient of variation. Since c normally lies within
comparatively small limits for un-blended wool it is usual to calibrate the apparatus directly
in terms of d.

2. Scope

This method sets out a procedure for the determination by the Airflow Method of the Mean
Fibre Diameter of wool fibres sampled from bales of raw wool by coring, using cutters of
nominal diameter from 12 to 25 mm (1/2 to 1 in).

Medullated wool or lambswool may give misleading results (see Appendix 9).

COPYRIGHT
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AS/NZS 1133:1996, Wool - Determination by the


Airflow Method of the mean fibre diameter of core
samples of raw wool
This is a free 5 page sample. Access the full version at http://infostore.saiglobal.com.

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