Great-great-grandparents Generation

relationship detail formal Cantonese gou1 jou2 fu6 Mandarin gao1 zu3 fu2 informal same same Cantonese Mandarin paternal great-greatfather's father's father's father 高祖父 grandfather paternal great-great- father's father's father's grandmother mother

高祖母

gou1 jou2 mou5 gao1 zu3 mu3

maternal great-great- mother's father's father's grandfather father maternal great-great- mother's father's father's grandmother mother

高外公 高外婆

gou1 ngoi6 gung1

gao1 wai4 gong1 same same

gou1 ngoi6 po4 gao1 wai4 po2

Great-grandparents Generation
relationship paternal greatgrandfather details father's father's father formal

曾祖父

Cantonese jang1 jou2 fu6

Mandarin zeng1 zu3 fu2

informal

paternal greatgrandmother

father's father's mother

曾祖母

jang1 jou2 mou5 zeng1 zu3 mu3

曾爺, 太爺, 太公, 老爺爺 曾嬤, 太嬤, 老奶奶 太婆

Cantonese jang1 ye4, taai6 ye4, taai6 gung1, lou5 ye4 ye4 jang1 ma1, taai6 ma1, lou5 naai5 naai5, taai3 po4

Mandarin zeng1 ye2, tai4 ye2, tai4 gong1, lao3 ye2 ye2 zeng1 ma1, tai4 ma1, lao3 nai3 nai3, tai4 po2

maternal greatgrandfather maternal greatgrandmother

mother's father's father mother's father's mother

曾外公 曾外婆

jang1 ngoi6 gung1 jang1 ngoi6 po4

zeng1 wai4 gong1 zeng1 zu3 po2

曾公, 太公 曾婆, 太婆

jang1 gung1, taai3 gung1 jang1 po4, taai3 po4

zeng1 gong1, tai4 gong1 zeng1 po2, tai4 po2

Grandparents Generation
relationship paternal grandfather paternal grandmother details father's father father's mother formal

祖父 祖母

Cantonese jou2 fu6 jou2 mou5

Mandarin zu3 fu2 zu3 mu3

informal

爺爺, 公公 嬤嬤, 奶奶 父父, 外公, 老爺 婆婆, 姥姥 外婆 伯公 伯婆 叔公 叔婆 姑奶奶 姑婆 姑公

Cantonese ye4 ye4, gung1 gung1 ma1 ma1, naai5 naai5

Mandarin ye2 ye2, gong1 gong1 ma1 ma1, nai3 nai3

maternal grandfather

mother's father

外祖父, 外父 外祖母, 外婆

ngoi6 jou2 fu6, ngoi6 fu6

wai4 zu3 fu4, wai4 fu4

fu6 fu6, ngoi6 gung1, lou5 ye4 po4 po4, lou5 lou5 ngoi6 po4

fu4 fu4, wai4 gong1, lao3 ye2 po2 po2, lao3 lao3, wai4 po2

materal grandmother

mother's mother

ngoi6 jou2 mou5, ngoi6 po4

wai4 zu3 mu3, wai4 po2

paternal elder great father's father's older brother uncle paternal elder great father's father's older uncle's wife brother's wife paternal younger great uncle paternal younger great uncle's wife paternal great aunt paternal great aunt's husband father's father's younger brother father's father's younger brother's wife father's father's sister father's father's sister's husband

伯祖父 伯祖母 叔祖父 叔祖母 祖姑母 姑爺 祖姑丈

baak3 jou2 fu6 baak3 jou2 mou5 suk1 jou2 fu6

bo2 zu3 fu2 bo2 zu3 mu3

baak3 gung1 baak3 po4

bo2 gong1 bo2 po2

shu1 zu3 fu2

suk1 gung1 suk1 po4

shu1 gong1 shu1 po2

suk1 jou2 mou5 shu1 zu3 mu3

jou2 gu1 mou5 gu1 ye4 jou2 gu1 jeung

zu3 gu1 mu3 gu1 ye2

gu1 naai5 naai5 gu1 po4 gu1 gung1

gu1 nai3 nai3 gu1 po2 gu1 gong1

Parent's generation
relationship father details formal

父親
father's older brother

Cantonese fu6 chan1

Mandarin fu4 qin1

informal

爸爸 伯, 大爺 伯娘, 大娘 叔, 叔叔 嬸, 嬸子 姑媽

Cantonese ba1 ba1

Mandarin ba4 ba4

paternal older uncle

伯父 伯母

baak3 fu6 baak3 mou5

bo2 fu4 bo2 mu3

baak3, daai6 ye4 baak3 neung4, daai6 neung4

bo2, da4 ye2 bo2 niang2, da4 niang2

paternal older uncle's father's older brother's wife wife

paternal younger uncle paternal younger uncle's wife

father's younger brother father's younger brother's wife

叔父 嬸母

suk1 fu6 sam2 mou5

shu1 fu6 shen3 mu3

suk1, suk1 suk1 sam2, sam2 ji2

shu1, shu1 shu1 shen2, shen3 zi3

paternal aunt paternal aunt's husband

father's sister father's sister's husband

姑母 姑夫 姑丈 姑媽 姑 姑丈, 姑夫 姑姐, 姑 姑丈, 姑夫

gu1 mou5 gu1 fu1 gu1 jeung6

gu1 mu3 gu1 fu1 gu1 zhang4

gu1 ma1

gu1 ma1

paternal older aunt paternal older aunt's husband

father's older sister father's older sister's husband

gu1 ma1, gu1 gu1 jeung6, gu1 fu1

gu1 ma1, gu1 gu1 zhang4, gu1 fu1

same same

paternal younger aunt paternal younger aunt's husband

father's younger sister father's younger sister's husband

gu1 je2, gu1 gu1 jeung6, gu1 fu1

gu1 jie3, gu1 gu1 zhang4, gu1 fu1 same

same

mother

母親
mother's brother mother's brother's wife

mou5 chan1

mu3 qin1

媽媽 舅舅 妗子 姨媽 姨丈
same same

ma1 ma1

ma1 ma1

maternal uncle maternal uncle's wife

舅父 舅母 姨母 姨夫 姨 姨丈

kau5 fu6 kau5 mou5

jiu4 fu4 jiu4 mu3

kau5 kau5 kam5 ji2

jiu4 jiu4 jin4 zi3

maternal elder aunt maternal elder aunt's husband maternal younger aunt

mother's elder sister mother's elder sister's husband; mother's younger sister

yi4 mou5 yi4 fu1

yi2 mu3 yi2 fu1

yi4 ma1 yi4 jeung6

yi2 ma1 yi2 zhang4

yi4 yi4 jeung6

yi2 yi2 zhang4

maternal younger aunt's mother's younger sister's husband husband;

Your Generation
relationship Siblings detail formal

同胞兄妹 長兄 嫂 幼弟 弟婦

Cantonese tung4 baau1 hing1mui6 jeung2 hing1 sou2

Mandarin tong2 bao1 xiong1 mei4 zhang3 xiong1 sou3

informal

Cantonese

Mandarin

older brother elder brother's wife

哥哥 嫂子 弟弟 弟妹 妯娌

go1 go1 sou2 ji2

ge1 ge1 sou3 zi3

younger brother younger brother's wife

yau3 dai6 dai6 fu5

you4 di4 di4 fu4

dai6 dai6 dai6 mui6

di4 di4 di4 mei4

brother's wife

juk6 lei5

zhou2 li3

elder sister elder sister's husband

長姊 姊夫 幼妹 妹夫
father's brother's son

jeung2 ji2 ji2 fu1

zhang3 zi3 zi3 fu1

家姐, 姐姐 姐夫 妹妹

ga1 je2, je2 je2 je2 fu1

jia1 jie3, jie3 jie3 jia1 fu1

younger sister younger sister's husband

yau3 mui6 mui6 fu1 tong4 hing1 dai6

you4 mei4 mei4 fu1 tang2 xiong1 di4

mui6 mui6

mei4 mei4

paternal male cousin

堂兄弟 堂兄 堂嫂

paternal elder male cousin paternal elder male cousin's wife

father's brother's son who is older than you father's brother's son's wife

tong4 hing1 tong4 sou2

tang2 xiong1 tang2 sou3

哥哥 嫂子, 嫂 弟弟 弟婦

go1 go1 sou2 ji2 , sou2

ge1 ge1 sou3 zi3, sou3

paternal younger male cousin paternal younger male cousin's wife

father's brother's son who is younger than you father's brother's son's wife father's brother's daughters

堂弟 堂弟婦 堂姊妹

tong4 dai6 tong4 dai6 fu5

tang2 di4 tang2 di4 fu4

dai6 dai6 dai6 fu5

di4 di4 di4 fu4

paternal female cousin

tong4 ji2 mui6

tang2 zi3 mei4

paternal elder female cousin paternal elder female cousin's husband

father's brother's daughter who older is than you father's brother's daughter's husband

堂家姐 堂姐夫 堂妹

tong4 ga1 je2 tong4 je2 fu1

tang2 jia1 jie3 tang2 jia1 fu1

家姐, 姐姐 姐夫 妹妹

ga1 je2, je2 je2 je2 fu1

jia1 jie3, jie3 jie3 jia1 fu1

paternal younger female father's brother's daughter cousin who is younger than you

tong4 mui6

tang2 mei4

mui6 mui6

mei4 mei4

paternal younger female father's brother's cousin's husband daughter's husband paternal male cousin OR maternal male cousin paternal elder male cousin OR maternal elder male cousin paternal elder male cousin's wife OR maternal elder male cousin's wife paternal younger male cousin OR maternal younger male cousin paternal younger male cousin's wife OR maternal younger male cousin's wife or paternal female cousin OR maternal female cousin

堂妹夫

tong4 mui6 fu1 tang2 mei4 fu1

妹夫

mui6 fu1

mei4 fu1

father's sisters's son mother's siblings' son

表兄弟

biu2 hing1 dai6

biao3 xiong1 di4

same

father's sister's son who is older than you mother's siblings' son who is older than you father's sister's son's wife mother's siblings' son's wife

表哥

biu2 go1

biao3 ge1

same

表嫂

biu2 sou2

biao3 sao3

same

father's sister's son who is younger than you mother's siblings' son who is younger than you father's sister's son's wife mother's siblings' son's wife father's sister's daughters mother's siblings' daughters

表弟

biu2 dai6

biao3 di4

same

表夫

biu2 fu5

biao3 fu4

same

表姊妹

biu2 ji2 mui6

biao3 zi3 mei4

same

paternal elder female cousin OR maternal elder female cousin paternal elder female cousin's husband OR maternal elder female cousin's husband paternal younger female cousin OR maternal younger female cousin paternal younger female cousin's husband OR maternal younger female cousin's husband

father's sister's daughter who is older than you mother's siblings' daughter who is older than you father's sister's daughter's husband mother's siblings' daughter's husband father's sister's daughter who is younger than you mother's siblings' daughter who is younger than you father's sister's daughter's husband mother's siblings' daughter's husband

表姐

biu2 je2

biao3 jie3

same

表姐夫

biu2 je2 fu1

biao3 jie3 fu1

same

表妹

biu2 mui6

biao3 mei4

same

表妹夫

biu2 mui6 fu1

biao3 mei4 fu1 same

Children's Generation
relationship son son's wife detail formal Cantonese yi4 sik1 fu5 er2 xi2 fu4 Mandarin informal Cantonese jai2 san1 pou5 Mandarin zai3 xin1 bao4

兒(儿)子 媳婦 女兒(儿) 女婿
brother's son brother's son's wife

仔 新抱 女
same

daughter daughter's husband

neui5 yi4 neui5 sai3

nu3 er2 nu3 xu4

neui5

nu3

nephew nephew's wife

姪子 姪媳婦

jat6 ji2 jat6 sik1 fu5

zhi2 zi3 zhi2 xi2 fu4 same

姪仔

jat6 jai2

zhi2 zai3

niece niece's husband

brother's daughter brother's daughter's husband sister's son (addressor is male) sister's son's wife

姪女 姪女婿 外甥 外甥媳婦 外甥女 外甥女婿 姨甥 姨甥媳婦 姨甥女 姨甥女婿

jat6 neui5

zhi2 nu3

same same

jat6 neui5 sai3 zhi2 nu3 xu4

nephew nephew's wife

ngoi6 sang1 ngoi6 sang1 sik1 fu5 ngoi6 sang1 neui5 ngoi6 sang1 neui5 sai3

wai4 sheng1

外甥仔

ngoi6 sang1 jai2

wai4 sheng1 zai3

wai4 sheng1 xi2 same fu4 wai4 sheng1 nu3 wai4 sheng1 nu3 xu4

niece niece's husband

sister's daughter (addressor is male) sister's daughter's husband sister's son (addressor is female) sister's son's wife

same same

nephew nephew's wife

yi4 sang1 yi4 sang1 sik1 fu5

yi2 sheng1 yi2 sheng1 xi2 fu4

姨甥仔
same

yi4 sang1 jai2

yi2 sheng1 zai3

niece niece's husband

sister's daughter (addressor is female) sister's daughter's husband

yi4 sang1 neui5 yi2 sheng1 nu3 same yi4 sang1 neui5 yi2 sheng1 nu3 same sai3 xu4

Grandchildren's Generation
relationship grandson grandson's wife detail son's son son's son's wife formal Cantonese syun1 ji2 syun1 sik1 fu1 Mandarin sun1 zi3 sun1 xi2 fu1 informal Cantonese Mandarin

孫子 孫媳婦

內孫仔
same

noi6 syun1 jai2 nei4 sun1 zai3

granddaughter granddaughter's husband

son's daughter son's daughter's husband

孫女 孫女婿 外孫 外孫女 姪孫 姪孫女

syun1 neui5 syun1 neui5 sai3

sun1 nu3 sun1 nu3 xu4

內孫女
same

noi6 syun1 neui5

nei4 sun1 nu3

grandson

daughter's son

ngoi6 syun1

wai4 sun1

外孫仔
same

ngoi6 syun1 jai2

wai4 sun1 zai3

granddaughter

daughter's daughter

ngoi6 syun1 neui5 jat6 syun1 jat6 syun1 neui5

wai4 sun1 nu3

grandnephew

brother's son's son

zhi2 sun1

姪孫
same

jat6 syun1 jai2 zhi2 sun1 zai3

grandniece

brother's son's daughter

zhi2 sun1 nu3

Great-grandchildren's Generation
relationship greatgrandchildren greatgrandson greatgranddaughter detail children's children's children formal Cantonese jang1 syun1 Mandarin zeng1 sun1 informal same Cantonese Mandarin

曾孫 曾內孫仔 曾內孫女

children's children's son

jang1 noi6 syun1 jai2 jang1 noi6 syun1 neui5

zeng1 nei4 sun1 zai3 zeng1 nei4 sun1 nu3

曾孫 曾孫女

jang1 syun1

zeng1 sun1

children's children's daughter

jang1 syun1 neui5

zeng1 nei4 sun1 nu3

Great-great-grandchildren's Generation
relationship Great-greatgrandchildren detail children's children's children's children's formal Cantonese yun4 syun1 Mandarin xuan2 sun1 informal same Cantonese Mandarin

玄孫

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