... ... ...

Subject Pronouns & Present Simple: To Be Articles, Regular & Irregular Plurals Prepositions of Place & There Is / There Are Have Got
REVIEW 1

page 4 page 8 page 12 page 15 page 18 page 22 page 26 page 31 page 34 page 38 page 42 page 46 page 50 page 53 page 56 page 60 page 64 page 67 page 70 page 74 page 78 page 82 page 86 page 90 page 94 page 98 page 99

~ ... .. ..

PossessiveAdjectives & Pronouns, 's, Demonstratives & Who's / Whose? Present Simple, Adverbs of Frequency & Prepositions of Time Adverbs, Too & Enough Present Continuous
REVIEW 2

• • ... ..

Present Simple & Present Continuous Can & Must Imperative, Let's & Object Pronouns Past Simple: To Be
REVIEW 3

..

Past Simple Affirmative: Regular & Irregular Verbs Past Simple Negative & Question Some, Any, No, Every Countable & Uncountable Nouns & Quantifiers
REVIEW 4

&
• ~

... ~ ....

Com parison of Adjectives Be Going To & Future Simple Words Present Perfect Simple: Heqular and Irregular Verbs
REVIEW 5 IRREGULAR VERBS NOTES

D Question

Subject Pronouns & Present Simple: To Be
/SII'T /lORM/I AT WOR}( TODAY?

Subject Pronouns
Singular I
you he she it

Plural
we you they

Subject pronouns show who or what something We are tired today. We use it for things we often use he or Listen to the music. I like my cat. She's

does or is.

or animals. But if the animal is our pet, she. It's very loud. beautiful.

We use you for the singular and the plural. You are tired, Maria. You are tired, John and Sarah. We use they for a lot of people, animals or things. How are your children? They're fine. Are cats good pets? Yes, they are. When are the exams? They're in May.

Write the subject pronouns. Eg Aunt Mary the bag she Eg

Complete the sentences with subject pronouns. ~~ ............................... 2 are happy today. (Mike and /) are in the park. (the dogs) isn't my daughter. (Susan) are neighbours. (Tom and you)

2 3 4 5 6
7

Anne my father my mother Jane and Tim my friend and I the book the chairs

3 4
5 6 7

is late for work. (John) is in my bag. (the report) are on holiday. (my wife and I) aren't at school today. (the children) are at the cinema. (Kevin and Lisa)

8

8

4

Subject Pronouns & Present Simple: To Be 1

P.resent

.":;_"e:;;.-~~;;.:~ • __.,_,_.: ,. ~:-'_.-. _'_.' .. '. '..__,' " .

Simple: To Be
Negative I am not (I'm not) you are not (you aren't) he is not (he isn't) she is not (she isn't) it is not (it isn't) we are not (we aren't) you are not (you aren't) they are not (they aren't) Question Am I? Are you? Is he? Is she? Is it? Are we? Are you? Are they? We use to be to talk about someone's job, nationality, relationship or his or her name. He is a lawyer. She is my cousin. We are German. J am Peter. We also use to be to describe people and things.
She is tall. The sky is grey.

Affirmative I am (I'm) you are (you're) he is (he's) she is (she's) it is (it's) we are (we're) you are (you're) they are (they're) Short answers Yes, I am. Yes, you are. Yes, he is. Yes, she is. Yes, it is. Yes, we are. Yes, you are. Yes, they are.

No, No, No, No, No, No, No, No,

I'm not. you aren't. he isn't. she isn't. it isn't. we aren't. you aren't. they aren't.

In everyday English, we use the short form.
Hello. I'm Jenny.

We use to be with subject pronouns (I, you, he, etc) and other words.
She is unhappy. The car is black.

3 Eg

Complete the sentences with the Present Simple of to be.
She

.i~

very hungry. ./

The shop 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 The book I The plates The flowers You She thirsty. X

next to our house . ./ in the office. X

on the table. X very pretty. ./ very good at your job . ./ here today. X bored. ./

Rebecca and Michael

4
Eg

Choose the correct answer.
Is ~ / they at work? 5 6 They / She are clever.

r I Thinkaboutit I
We / She are sleepy. Is you / he sad? Are you / it colleagues? 7 8 In English there is no difference between you singular and you plural.

She / { isn't in the bedroom. 2 They / She are German.

--• ,

3
4

We /He aren't in the kitchen.
She / I is at work.

Complete the questions with am, are or is and write answers .

Eg

...... ./~

it cold today? ./

Y~$"./~/~:

.

................... dinner ready? ~

r--

, Thinkaboutit

2

I fat? ./

3

they at the gym? ./

4

we at the new office? ./

-----_ ...... _ .. .- __ ..,
Affirmative short answers do not use the short form of to be. the pens in the briefcase? ~ she at the office? ./

5

the children outside? ~

7

6

the laptop on the desk? ./

8

Present Simple: To Be, negative questions
Negative questions Aren't I? Aren't you? Isn't he? Isn't she? Isn't it? Aren't we? Aren't you? Aren't they? We use negative questions when we expect the answer: 'Yes'. Isn 't it cold today? Yes, it is. It's freezing.

Complete the questions with aren't or isn't. Eg ......... !!m.'.t. ......... the food good?
.......................... she with the boss? 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 the statistics good? I good at my job? it great news? he happy with his pay rise? you ready to go? they French? he the manager of the company?

Rewrite the sentences with subject pronouns. Eg Is the shopping centre in town?

!I'!. it.in.lQ.wfJ.?
Jenny is on holiday this week.

..
4 Are the children asleep?

2

Sue and Paul aren't at home.

5

Isn't Peter a good singer?

3

My wife and I send you our best wishes.

6

Is the professor at university today?

6

Subject Pronouns & Present Simple: To Be 1

8 Eg

Write sentences or questions with to be.
she

1 be / very tall

.$.0.~.!~~!Y.~E!J!: ..~ ..
you I be 1 late I for the meeting I ? 2 3 4 I / not be / ready for work she I be 1 at the library now our friends / not be 1 on the beach

.
5 6 7 8 the lake 1 be 1 full of yachts you / be 1 ready / for lunch / ? you / be / sleepy 1 this afternoon 1 ? the glasses / be 1 on your desk

9

Complete the text with is, isn't, are or aren't. (Eg) sky (3) (6) the office. They (9)

{f?

Martin sad today? Yes, he (1) grey. It (4) at work. His friends (7) in France. They (10)

It (2) ry10ndayand Martin (5) on holiday together. They (8)

a cold day and the on holiday. He in

at their favourite golf course.

Pairwork
I

I I
I

Work with a partner. Take turns to ask and answer the following questions:

- ~- - ..- - - - - -~...- - - -~-..

I I

>>>•

Is it rainy today? Is your bag full? Are you at work now? Is the weather bad today?
",,_.. ~

~ Are you hungry? I >- Is it dinner time? I >- Is grammar difficult? I )II-- Is English interesting? J
.....

I I I I

II ~

I .II

Writing
Describe:

---------

..

>>>L

what the weather is like. where you are at present. where your friends are.
~~ ~~~

7

Articles, Regular & Irregular Plurals

!lORNN.

CO~E

TO ~

OFFICE!

~

e

THE BOSS WAf{TS ~E TO 'liME A REPORT AGAIN.

a
a a a a a a a a a boy pen house garden tree uniform brown ball red apple lovely morning

an

an an an an an an an an an an

ant egg elephant island owl umbrella hour interesting book exciting story orange pencil

Write a or an.
Eg .... .fm...... egg

2 3 4

...............aeroplane project computer apple

5

.............. ..............
.............. ..............

6
7

8

desk briefcase animal hospital

9
10 11 12

. .............
. ............. ..............

aunt evening uniform kite

..............

8

Articles, Regular & Irregular Plurals 2

2 Eg

Write a or an. .....JL. .... pretty flower .............. polite person 5
6 7

.............. long road .............. blue umbrella .............. exciting project .............. large meal

9 10 11 12

.............. interesting job .............. university degree .............. big ice cream .............. old woman

2
3 4

orange box awful accident good worker

8

-~---

-----

the The Earth is round. The Mediterranean sea is beautiful. The reports are on the desk.

We use the definite article the:

We don't use the:

> to talk about

specific people, things or animals (singular or plural).
The dog is in the garden. The manager is in her office.

> with people's

names. (But we say: etc.)

Jane and Marina work together.

> with the names of countries.
Italy is

> to talk about
>

the United States, the Netherlands,

something that is unique.

a lovely

country.

The moon looks silver.

>

with subjects, games or sports.
Physics and chemistty Monopoly I play football. are his favourite subjects. game. is an interesting

with the names of mountain ranges (the Alps), oceans (the Atlantic Ocean) and seas (the Red Sea), rivers (the Amazon) and deserts
(the Sahara Desert).

> when the noun

>

is plural and we are talking about people, animals or things in general.
animals.

with musical instruments.
She plays the piano.

I like restaurants. Lions are dangerous

Complete the sentences with a, an. or the. Eg
We have

?

car in

Jt:I.f?:

garage and

..<1-..

motorbike

outside

.tQ.~

front door.

There's 2 I have There is 3 Berlin is Berlin are huge! 4 Look! There's ..

report on your desk desk in my office. On laptop computer on

report is boring. desk, there is desk. city centre parks of reading lamp.

fantastic place. There aren't many cars in

woman in

street

woman is wearing

uniform .

uniform is green and brown.

9

4 Eg

Complete the sentences with the or -. ....Tt!~.... Amazon is in South America. Ella and Betty are on a hiking holiday in Grand Canyon.

2 3 4 5 6 7 8

I enjoy She works near

mathematics. Thames. Netherlands. guitar. Paris.

Dutch people live in Fran plays

Danube is a big river in Europe. weather isn't cold today. Eiffel Tower is in

Regular Plurals
Singular boy bus brush pencil dress watch fox photo tomato wife Plural boys buses brushes pencils dresses watches foxes photos tomatoes wives leaves parties We usually make a noun plural by adding book -+ books chair -+ chairs

-so

We add -es to words that end in -s, -ss, -sn, -ch and -x. bus -+ buses box -+ boxes When a word ends in a consonant and -y, we take off the -y and add -ies. lady -+ ladies When a word ends in a vowel and -y, we just add day -+ days key -+ keys We usually add -s to words that end in piano -+ pianos photo -+ photos tomato -+ tomatoes potato -+ potatoes
-0.

teat

-so

party

Irregular Plurals
Singular person child man woman foot tooth mouse sheep deer goose ox Plural people children men women feet teeth mice sheep deer geese oxen

Sometimes we add -es.

When a word ends in -f or -fe, we usually take off the -f or -fe and add -ves. But we just add -s to the words giraffe and roof. wife -+ wives half -+ halves giraffe -+ giraffes roof -+ roofs Irregular plurals do not follow any rules. You must learn them.

Write the plurals. Eg
book books 6 7

r
lorry fox wish loaf cherry

, Thinkaboutit
8
9

--- ..
_ ..

wife
2

violin idea potato watch

3
4 5

We say one instead of an when we are counting.

10

10

Articles, RegUlar & hregUlat Plurals 2

6
Eg

Write the plurals .
deer goose .............. cj~~r. . 6 7 person child foot woman ox

2 3

mouse man tooth sheep

8
9 10

4 5

7
Eg

Complete the sentences with the plural of the words in brackets.
She's got two There are six 9P9§. (dog) in that car! (person) (tooth) in the street. (man) to go to work. (bus) (foot) ! (dress) in my village. (sheep)

2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

My son has got two new There are two I take three I've got very small My friend's got twenty There are two hundred

are very noisy animals. (goose) I've got two There are two for lunch. (sandwich) in my salad. (tomato)

Pairwork
I L I I
.. _,

Work with a partner. Think of a river, a country, a famous hotel and a mountain range. Ask your partner where they are. Now change roles.
~ ~ __ .-' --'_ -~ _ 1IIiiIIIiiIE ~ __ .. __ ... ..

,

Writing

-------.

. --- --

Write a list of the things in your living room .

- ---- -- -- - -

_.

11

Prepositions of Place & There Is / There Are
THERE'S SO~E WORK 0/'1 YOUR DESK.

,0

~c
~.n........_

a

Ii"

\.~"

~Q

at

behind between in in front of near next to on under

.- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - ~..-- ...-__ ~_.~_~_.~'~._~_~ ... ~_~_.,. ~_~_u_ behind between X in front of next to on under . -"'------- _-_...._..._--- - - --- -- - - - - - - - - _---- - ---- - - _ ..... - ---- ----- - - _-_ ------ - - - - -- --- - - _. - - - - Eg The diary is The diary is 2 3 4 5 6 The diary is The diary is The diary is The diary is The diary is

Complete the sentences with the words in the box.

JfJ.

the bag. the phone. the desk. the bag. the bag.

1

2

3

5
the phone. the phone and the bag.

12

Prepositions of Place & There Is [There Are 3
;;::',

~t,
at
at at at at at

Ill' On

-

-

--- -

--

--

-

-

-

-

--

-

--

-

_-

-

--

-

-

-

---

~
in in in in in in

~~

~_

~ ~~

There are some useful phrases with prepositions of place. on on the left/right on the wall on the plane/train/bus

the top the bottom school work home

hospital a car bed the middle an armchair

Z
Eg

Find the mistakes and write the sentences correctly.
Jane isn't in home this morning.

/9rJ.f?. (~(?:t. ~_(/J.9m.f? Jh(~.(!Jgm!ng· There is a computer in the desk..

.

2

They aren't on work today.

3

There is a glass at the table.

6

My friends are in the train now.

4

There is a mouse at the kitchen.

7

The desk is on the middle of the office.
\.

\,

5

There are strange animals in the bottom of the sea.

8

It's cold in the top of the mountain.

~er~)s

/ There~.EUe
Negative there is not (there isn't) there are not (there aren't) Question Is there? Are there?

Affirmative there is (there's) there are Shori answers Yes, there is. Yes, there are.

No, there isn't. No, there aren't,

We use there is and there are to talk or ask about what exists when we are describing something in the present. There is a virus on my computer. There are many employees at this company. There aren't any cars in the car park. Are there three seminars today?

3
Eg

Choose the correct answer. There is /~two
managers in my office. 5 6 7 8 There is I There are only one football team here. There is / There are a new e-mail in my inbox. There is

There is I There are many people in the shops. 2 3 There is

I There are a police station in my town. I There are two bicycles in the garage.

There is I There are wild animals in the jungle. There is

f There are a difficult exercise in my book.

4

There is f There are five dogs in my neighbourhood.

13

Write short answers. Eg
Is there a bag on the table? ,/

Write questions. Eg
sofa / in / living room / ?

y~~}.~fJ.f?/~.[? .

.

!~ .t!?~!.~. ~9t.~./Q. /~~. ~.
X
2 phone / in / office / ? chicken / in / garden

![V((!9. !.9.<;?!???

.

Is there a glass of juice in the fridge? 2 3 4 Are there cats in your house? ,/

I?

Is there a photocopier in your office? ,/ Are there people in the building? Is there a book in your bag?

3
4 5

bag / next to / chair / ? restaurants! near

X

I office / ? I?

5

X

cats / at the bottom of / bed

--- - --- - - -----..- --- - - - - - --- - - ------ ------ - - --- - - --- - - ---- - - - - - - - - - - - --- - - ------- - - - - - - - - - - - - -~
between _.....if(" is middle near (x2) on there (x2) (Eg)

Complete the text with the words in the box.

./I'}

my neiqhbourhocd,

(1)

is a lovely park. In the (2) a large tree. (6)

of

the park, (3) ...............•.......... birds. (7) the gate.

is a fountain and two statues. (4)

the two statues there is a the tree there are many
.

bench. Behind the bench there (5)

the tree is a high gate. You can park your car in the car park (8)

Pairwork
Ii.

Work with a partner. Ask and answer questions about your favourite place. Use preposifions of .: place ...and there -is I there are. ~~ I ~ - __ .. .... __... , ~ __ ..

Dear

,

Writing

--~---.
~ , ..

Write a letter to a friend. 1 Describe your house. Use prepositions of place and there is / there are.
L

I

.

"

"

,

"

.

Your friend,

14

Have Got

"ORN".

HAVE YOU GOT TilE REPORJ I WA/lTED?

,

Affirmative I have (I've) got you have (you've) got he has (he's) got she has (she's) got it has (it's) got we have (we've) got you have (you've) got they have (they've) got Short answers Yes, I have. Yes, you have. Yes, he has. Yes, she has. Yes, it has. Yes, we have. Yes, you have. Yes, they have.

Negative I have not (haven't) got you have not (haven't) got he has not (hasn't) got she has not (hasn't) got it has not (hasn't) got we have not (haven't) got you have not (haven't) got they have not (haven't) got

Question Have I got? Have you got? Has he got? Has she got? Has it got? Have we got? Have you got? Have they got?

No, No, No, No, No, No, No, No,

I haven't. you haven't. he hasn't. she hasn't. it hasn't. we haven't. you haven't. they haven't.

1

Complete the sentences with the short form of have got.
She

2

Complete the sentences with the negative form of have got.
They

Eg

.'~.}l.9L

a nice brother.
lots of papers on your desk. a dog and two cats. a nice house.

Eg

~~!:~:!.'! ..l.C?~ f

a dictionary. stomach ache. a lift. time to finish this work. the keys! a nice jacket. dark hair.

You 2 3 4 5 6 They He I We It

She 2 3 4 5 6 The building I We Chris You

many allergies. two children. two big windows.

15

3
Eg 1

Complete the questions with have got and the words in brackets.

~~y:~.y.~!-!.~~~
......................................................... ........................................................ ........................................................ ........................................................ ........................................................ ........................................................ ........................................................ ........................................................

my phone number? (you) a car? (your friend) a cold? (I) an exam tomorrow? (you) a new dress? (Sylvia) time to relax? (he) money to pay the restaurant? (they) a bicycle? (your daughter) a recycling scheme? (the city)

r

2 3 4
5

_- .. ,
Thinkaboutit
In questions, we cannot use the short form .

6 7 8

_ .. .. -

4
Eg

Answer the questions. Give extra information if you can.
Have you got long hair?

t!.~l.I. /)?¥.~!! !.'.I(f!. .9~.t..~.t:PtJ.t:.? ((. L .
Have you got a new laptop computer? 2 3 Have you got brown eyes? Have you got a car?

.
4 5 6 Have you got a passport? Have you got toothache? Have you got a job?

Look at the table. Then write questions and answers about Judy and Paul.

Judy's got ...
a nice house an old car orange trainers fair hair a big garden

Paul's got ...
a motorbike long hair a new CD player a broken arm a black cat

r

-_ ....
If we want to use the short form of have got after a name, we put's (has) after the name.

, Thinkaboutit

Eg

Paul / a nice house?

..a.. .fJ.~C?f?,.!!.9.l!.$.f?,? ....................•......•............. !';J_~: .!!.E!.. f}~~':!:t:.!.Lf.c;tX.~~ !!.~q_~. ..9.~t.~. f}~.Lf.~.~:
Judy / a motorbike?

!i?§..p..a.y.I..m?t

.
5 Paull fair hair?

2

Judy / a broken arm?

6

Paul I new CD player?

3

Paul/long

hair?

7

Judy I a black cat?

4

Judy I orange trainers?

8

Paull a big garden?

16

Have Got 4

6

Complete the text with have got.
My name's Sheila. I (Eg) books and some CDs. Julie (2) (.I') a computer but she (4) but I (6) by the sea. They (8) (X)

!!~.~~.fJ.C?~

(.1') a flatmate called Julie. I (1)
(.I') a lot of posters in her room. She (3)

(.I') lots of . (.1')

a personal stereo. I (5)

a CD player

(X) a camera. My family (7)
(.1') a white cat, too.

(.1') a big car and a small house

Rewrite the sentences using the full form.
Eg It's a cold day.

/t.[~.?!.fQ/q.9?!y.
Penny's a clever woman.

..

r ..... --

,

2 3
4

Zoe's got a lot of work.

,,

---- ..,
,
,

Thinkaboutit
He's a clever boy. = He is a clever boy.
He's got a sister. = He has got

a sister.

Jack's in the office.

There's a strange person outside.


7
8 He's my boss. I've got a headache.

5
6

Look at the tree. It's got lovely flowers on it.

She's got a problem.

Pairwork

- - --~--,;- --- --- -~ ------ - - _ - - - -.---

-~- -,-'!I_.- -----

~-o- _-- ~:- -_- _------- -

III

.. - - - - -- -

Work with a partner. Tell your partner what you have or haven't got. Then tell him/her what your friends have or haven't got.
-.._

-...._----~----_-- - -~---_.-"-~----~~---------~-------~------ __ -_ -_-_- _-_ ...~ _

- ~__,----- ----_ - -~ ..

I I I I

Write a paragraph Think about:

about a friend.

~------~------~~--~

>>-

what he/she has got. what he/she hasn't got.

1.7

,

Review 1
Eg She My car

(Units 1-4)

Complete the sentences with the Present Simple of to be.

)$.

vel}' tired . ./ very old . ./ interesting. 5 It He I The children warm today.

X X .I

2 3
4

Her job The books Claire and Jane

X
X .I

6 7 8

a great golf player . ./ hungry this evening. very noisy .

very expensive. sisters .

Complete the questions with am, are or is and write answers. Eg ..... ts..... it raining today? ./

Yc~~,.t )$ i
1 2

. ./ 5 you alone? ./ the ideas good?

your presentation good? ..... :...... he at home? ./ we at your office?

6

X

3
4

X X

7
8

the telephone expensive? ./ you hungry? ./

the children at school?

Choose the correct answer. Eg
1

Is@/

they interesting? 5 I / She am a manager. Are you / he clever? We / I are thirsty. He /1 is at home.

They / He its unhappy. Are she / they playing basketball? We / He are in the office. He / I isn't at work.

2
3 4

6
7

8

Write sentences or questions with to be. Eg he / not be / boring

fj~. !~'.7.:~ ./;?~(!!?g:
1 2 3 4 our children / be / at school today the boss J be I really angry today I ? Michael/be / very polite

.
5 6 7 8 you / stressed / today / ? the meeting J be / very interesting he / not be the boxes

J an honest person

Professor Smith / not be / in his office

J be / in the car

Review 1 (Units1-4)

5

Put the words in the correct part of the chart. adventure story awful book blue pen
....&en(

-------------------------------------------------------------------.
car dog e!Gfrl'lant great idea happy person honest man interesting Job island orange

English lesson rainy day

._------------------------------------------------------------------~
box elephant

pineapple

6

Write the plurals.
Singular Plural leaves ................................
................................ ...................... ..........
,

7
Eg 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

Complete the sentences

with there is or there are.

..!~~(~J!r.€?

two oranges on the fridge. three children in the street. a bird on my car. a bank near the office . ten students in our English class. a great pizza place on the corner. lots of apples on the tree. two windows in my bedroom . a cat at my front door.

Eg

leaf watch

2 3 4 5 6 7 8
9

tooth photo sheep man bus fox brush woman boy person child mouse foot party

................................

................................
................................

................................
................................

................................
................................

10 11 12 13 14 15

........... ~ ....................
................................

................................
............... ~ ................ ................................
................................

Write questions and answers with there is or there are.
Eg a cat / in / the basket / ? .I Is there a cat in " ............................ the basket?

.

.Y~~l.th~(~.j~:
1 books / in / the bag / ?

.

.I

5

plates / in / the cupboard /?

~

2

three pens

I on / the desk / ? ~

6

a lamp / in

I the kitchen / ? .I

3

a large building / next to / your office / ? ~

7

a cat / in / the garden / ?

.I

4

a yellow hat

I on / the table /? .I

8

sandy beaches / near / the city / ?

.I

Find the mistakes and write the sentences correctly.
Eg My sister is in work today.

My..~~~.t~r. .".!':~(~.!Qg~y' /~. ! ~
Oh no. The cat is on the middle of the road.

.

2.

The students are not in college this week.

3

There are two boys in the bus stop.

4

It's the second road at the left.

5

Grandma sits on her armchair every day.

6

The photograph

is on the top of the page.

7

Eric is in home.

8

This animal lives on the bottom of the sea.

Review 1 (Units 1-4)

10
Eg 1 2 3

Complete the sentences with prepositions of place.
The books are The books are The books are The books are

JJ.~g. fR

the desk. the desk. the desk. the desk. 4 5 The books are The books are the two desks. the desk.

4~

~

5~

~

Complete the sentences with the short form of have got.
Eg 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

I
I We They I You She They We

:¥.f?9.9.L.

a new car. .I
toothache .

.I

a Ilot of work to do. a lovely house . a new job.

X

.I .I X

X

a nice motorbike .

good exam results.

a lot of food in the fridge. a great camera .

X

.I

Complete the questions with have got and the words in brackets.
Eg .H.?g~.y.R!!.g.9L

a pen? (you)
the book I want? (Sarah) presents for their friends? (they) a DVD recorder? (you) a degree? (Mark) brown eyes? (your daughter) relatives in France? (you) time for a coffee? (I) a broken leg? (the man)

........................................... 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

Possessive Adjectives & Pronouns, 's, Demonstratives & Who's / Whose?
WHOSE CAR IS THAT?

--~--------------~------

Possessive Adjectives
Subject Pronouns I
you he she it we you they

We use possessive adjectives when: ~ something belongs to someone. That's his bag. ~ someone has a particular relationship or something. Jake is my friend. with someone

Possessive Adjectives
my your his her its our your their

We don't use the or a with possessive My children are in the kitchen. The children are in the kitchen.

adjectives.

Complete the sentences with possessive adjectives.
Eg ...... My........ friend is at home. (I) .. 2 water is in the bowl. (it) parcel is on the table. (you) .................. garden is very large. (they) .................. milk is in the fridge. (we) .................. house is next to the cafe. (he) .................. keys are at home. (you) cousin works with me. (she) house is lovely. (you)


I Thinkaboutit I
The possessive adjective its does not have an apostrophe . It's means lt is or

3
4 5 6 7 8

it has .

..

22

Possessive Adjectives

& Pronouns,

's, Demonstratives

& Who's / Whose? S

We use's to show that something belongs to someone . .This is Maria's pen.
I We add's

to names or to singular nouns .. Jenny's sister has got a good job. The girl's sister has got a good job. When the noun is plural, the apostrophe comes after the s. The girls' sisters have got good jobs. When the noun has an irregular plural, we add's. The women's sisters have got good jobs.

2

Complete the sentences with the possessive's ('s or ') and the words in brackets.

Eg

~'!'.~~.'~
My The This Their My His My

office is near the football field. (Emma)

............................... house is in the mountains. (Roger)
2

name is Kath. (friend) mouse is called Milly. (girls) company is in London. (man) name is Smith. (boss) names are John and George. (brothers) family comes from Austria. (mother) school is far away. (children)

3 4 5
6 7

8

Possessive Pronouns
Possessive Adjectives my your his her its our your their Possessive Pronouns mine yours his hers ours your theirs We use possessive pronouns when something belongs to someone or when someone has a particular relationship with something. The car is mine. After a possessive adjective, there is always a noun. But a possessive pronoun replaces a possessive adjective and a noun. It's my car. It's mine. It's her house. It's hers.

3

Complete the sentences with possessive pronouns.

Eg

The DVD is The green book is

.m(I]~

(/)

(he) (she) (you) (they) (we) (you)

2 3 4 5 6

The laptop computer is This cup of tea is The bicycles are That yacht is The idea is

23

· Singular this that Plural these those

Write sentences with this, that, these or those.

£g

picture

t
5

apples

2

oranges

3

phone

4

cake

f

eggs

6

ice cream

7

newspaper

T

8

books

Eg 1

T.fJ.'!.u~f!;.e!~!.Lf!.f!.: ..

..
5

2 3 4

6
7

8

Who's / Whose?
We mustn't confuse Who's ...? and Whose ...? Who's ... ? means Who is ... ? Who's in my office? (Who is in my office?) Whose ... ? asks who something belongs to. Whose is this bag? Whose glasses are these?
Eg

Choose the correct answer.
Who's ~plate is this?

Who's / Whose trainers are these? 2 3 4 5 6 Who's / Whose outside? Who's / Whose in that car? Who's / Whose are these files? Who's / Whose newspaper is that? Who's

I Whose at work today?

24

Possessive

Adjectives & Pronouns, 's, Demonstratives

6 Eg

Rewrite the sentences.
These are my paintings. Those are his friends.

.[t!!?Y..'!.l?!!!/fJ.£?.:

.

r

___

-.

& Who's / Whose?

5

, Thinkaboutit

2

This is her bag. That is their car. Those are our apples. That is my Italian CD. These are your books. This is our new cinema. Those are your shoes. Those are my exam results. Those are their newspapers.

3
4

5 6 7

.7

We can say: Whose is that pencil? or Whose pencil is that?

__ ..
@
Whose

Choose the correct answer. ..... is this cat?

8
9 10

Eg

a Who's
Is this your chair? Yes, it's ......

c Who

a my
2
This shirt is ......

b me

c mine c Jim
c Those

a Jim's

b Jims'

Pairwork

-

---- ...._- - - ---~-- - - - -- -

3

..... peaches are hard a That b Mine

Work with a partner. Find four things each and put them on your desk. Take turns to talk about all the objects. For example:
This is my pencil. It's mine. These are your glasses. They're yours.

4

The books are ...... a they b theirs c their

5

..... friends are on holiday. a Hers b Her c Whose

6

..... Michael's shoes? a Are these b These are c Is this

Ask your teacher if you don't know the word for something.
___ ......_~ ~ ~IIIIir_-' ....,.._.

rw n ng -Ii
f

I

----------

..

1
1

1 I I

.-~---~--~---~--~
1

Write eight sentences about your friends and family. Use the language you have learnt in this unit.

1 1'--1 1 I

25

Present Simple, Adverbs of Frequency & Pre~ositions of Time_~~~

...

Affirmative I work you work he works she works it works we work you work they work Negative I do not (don't) work you do not (don't) work he does not (doesn't) work she does not (doesn't) work it does not (doesn't) work we do not (don't) work you do not (don't) work they do not (don't) work Question Do I work? Do you work? Does he work? Does she work? Does it work? Do we work? Do you work? Do they work? Short answers Yes, I do. Yes, you do. Yes, he does. Yes, she does. Yes, it does. Yes, we do. Yes, you do. Yes, they do. No, No, No, No, No, No, No, No, I don't. you don't. he doesn't. she doesn't. it doesn't. we don't. you don't. they don't.

26

Present Silnple, Adverbs of Frequency & Prepositions

of Time 6

11

Complete the chart.

Complete the sentences with the negative form of the Present Simple.
Eg I They

-"~,'Verb
stay miss fly know fix do watch buy wash

3rd Person Singular
stays

9.~(!~U::~L

fish. (eat) to college. (go) orange juice. (drink) going to the theatre. (like) German. (speak) my friend. (know) expensive clothes. (buy) at my jokes. (laugh) mathematics. (teach)

2 3
4 5

He We She You I She He

6
7

8

3
Eg

Complete the questions with the Present Simple and write answers.
..PP.y'~y..,«~.tpf} French films? (you / watch)

.I

YI?$,.l.qP.,

.
5
. computer programs? (he / write)

....................................... my name? (he / remember).I

.I

2

Chinese food? (they / like)

X

6

a lot of money? (they / spend)

X
.I

3

nice? (I / look)

.I X

7

a big company? (that man / own)

4

chess? (she / play)

8

a pipe? (your friend / smoke)

X

grbs

ofFrequency

When we talk about habits or we want to say how often something happens, we use adverbs of frequency. Some common adverbs of frequency are:
never 0%

sometimes

often

usually

always 100%

Adverbs of frequency usually come before the main verb, unless the verb is to be.
I He otter: plays tennis. I am never late tor an epooimmem.

Time expressions such as every day, every week, once a week, on Mondays, or the end of a sentence.
She runs to her gym evety morning. On Sundays we watch DVDs.

etc usually go at the beginning

27

Write the words in the correct order.
Eg he / his parents / misses / often

Ijf} . .c?(t~!?.'!!/~.~.~.~ ..J/~.Pf1/f}.'7.~~: f
early / they / for meetings / always / are 2 Jason / buys / sometimes

.
5 6 Jessica / our mistakes / often / corrects usually / I / not / have / at this time / lunch / do late / he / often /is / ? not / our friends / go running / do / often

I shirts

3 4

goes / Peter / never / by bus / to work goes / sometimes / she / to the theatre

7 8

Prepositions of Time at at eight o'clock
at night at the weekend at New Year

in
in in in in in in in the morning the afternoon the evening the holidays 2002 the summer May

on on on on on on on

Sundays Tuesday mornings 6th June my birthday New Year's Day New Year's Eve

Complete the sentences with at, in or on.
Eg 1 She goes to the office every Saturday

.if!

the winter.

New Year we always have a party. He visits his parents I have a guitar lesson They like the snow They usually go to the gym Her birthday is He runs They get up late Does she do her homework I never invite people to my house 6th July. the morning. Sunday mornings and go for a walk. night? my birthday. Sundays. eight o'clock the spring. the weekend. the evening.

2
3

4
5 6

7 8 9
10

Write sentences with the Present Simple.
Eg George / see / his friends / Sundays

.g~.q.(9~.~.~~ .. ~ .. ~~.(~[~!?c!.~~!?~I!.f}g~y.~: ~ ..
they / not clean / the office / Mondays 2 3 Jamie / always / play / football/holidays her sister / always / cook / evening / ?

.
4 5 6 Ian / send / cards / New Year she / usually / call / her mother / the morning they / sometimes / go on holiday / June

28

Present Simple, Adverbs of Frequency- & Prepositions

of Time

6

7 Eg

Write the words in the correct order.

often / writes / she / to

a friend / e-mails .

$./:I.f?. 9.ft.fJrJ..~.,,:((t~~. f1~l!J..?/(~.lQ .~.tr/.fJlJ.9.,
Sundays / eat at home / they / never / on

2

January / travels / usually / she / in / to London / with her friends

3

they / in the lake / swim / do / often / ?

4

have / doesn't / the / in / he / chess lessons / holidays

5

sometimes / have a meal/I

/ with my boss / after work

6

meet / she / at / doesn't / her friends / the weekend / usually

8
Eg 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

Complete the sentences with one word in each gap. Peter does not go to bed at the same time ....... E?X~Q( ...... evening. I not put pepper in my food. Tuesdays. evening. his cousin work in the same office? They do The weather is terrible Paul not like cheese. the weekend? always go swimming in the summer. the winter.

We have an office meeting We have fun

Do you go to the cinema

9
Eg

Find the mistakes and write the sentences correctly. He hate vegetables.

H~ t:!?~~!?Xf!g.E?H!.~/.~~: ..
You want a cup of coffee? 2 3 They not see their parents every year. Do she have a computer at home?

.
4 5 6 He is drives to work every morning. We start university on October. He don't like the food in this restaurant.

29

Complete the text with the Present Simple.
My son is great. He (Eg) volleyball. He (2) (4) sometimes (6) (plays) football but he (1) (hates) (love) his job. He (wash) his car every Saturday. He .

p'~?y'~

(work) very hard but he (3) (not clean) his house but he (5)

(go) to the cinema with his friends and he always (7) (like) my son.

(read) the newspapers on Sunday mornings. I really (8)

11
Eg I

Complete the sentences with the Present Simple. 9.9/J.'tl?/Jj_9Y.
long lectures. (not enjoy) your book every day? (read) football with his friends. (play) out very often. (not go) she always He never they I She a lot. I'm lazy! (not study) to make a mistake in the exam. (not want) running in the heat. (go) their job? (like) you? (ring)

Thinkaboutit'

-

.......................................... you 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 He sometimes They

..

We can put the word often at the end of a question.

-

Pairwork
Work with a partner. Take turns to ask and answer the following ~ Do you live in a village or a city? ~ ~ Have you got a car? Have you got any children? ~ ~ ~ ~ questions: Do you enjoy jazz music concerts? Do you playa musical instrument? Do you go to a gym? Do you watch a lot of television?

~--------~----------------------------------------Writing

~ What do you do on weekdays? ~ What do you do in your holidays?

~ Do you play in sports team?

-----.

Write a paragraph about your partner using his/her answers from the questions above .

.. _----------_.

30

Adverbs, Too & Enough
/lORN/I! YOU WORKED VERY NARD TODAY. STAY AT HO~E TO~ORRO"'!
8lR TO~ORROW IS SATrJRDAY!

m

Adjectives
quiet serious quick bad sad perfect careful simple happy heavy full hard fast late early good

Adverbs
quietly seriously quickly badly sadly perfectly carefully simply happily heavily fully hard fast late early well

1
Eg 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

Complete the sentences with adverbs.
She drives very Please speak Speak I run very The English teacher always comes I wake up The children play The boss always speaks My friend sings (terrible) every morning. (early) in the playground. (noisy) to us. (polite)

~?!:~t.Lf!(Y...

to work every morning. (careful) to our guests. They don't understand much English. (slow)

! The baby is in bed. (quiet)
(good) to class. (late)

Too has a negative meaning. It means velY much, more than is neceseesv or wanted. He can't call her. It's too early. We usually use the word too to say that someone too + adjective/adverb + to He's too old to go skiing. is too small, big, slow, etc to do. something. We use:

+ verb.
as is necessary or wanted. It goes before a noun

Enough has a positive meaning. It means as many/much but after an adjective or adverb. There is enough food for dinner. He can run a marathon race. He's fit enough. She can carlY the shopping. She's strong enough. We often use the word enough to say that someone We use: adjective/adverb + enough + to It's warm enough to go swimming

or something

is small, big, slow, etc enough to do something.

+ verb
today.

enough + noun + to + verb. He has enough fuel to drive to the garage.

Complete the sentences with too and the words in brackets.
Eg Eg He's (bored, work) It's walk. (hot, go) for a . .. my .. .

Choose the correct answer. We haven't got ..... for the meeting.

~9.9..P.P!f!.C!..~9..~9/1!.·

.

a chairs enough a too sweet
2 3
4 5 He works very .......

@

enough chairs

The coffee is ..... for me. I can't drink it. b sweet enough b slowly b b bad polite enough

2
3 4 5 6

The sea is a swim. (cold, have) I'm a car. (young, own) I'm parents. (busy, visit) She arrives home dinner. (late, cook) This project is in time. (difficult, finish)

a slow
He writes German very ......

a weill
The guests speak ......

a politely
This food is too hot ......

a to eat
6
He plays tennis very ......

b eat b good

a well

4
Eg

Complete the sentences with enough and the words in brackets.
The sandwiches She is aren't

J:.f!.~~.~:!9.l.!.f1.~ ..~?.~~~
this race. (fast, win) to bed. (tired, go)

(fresh, eat)

2 3 4 5 6

We aren't They aren't I am not It's That girl

this car. (rich, buy) a policewoman. today! (cold, snow) the exam. (clever, pass) (tall, become)

32

Adverbs, Too & Enough 7

5
Eg 1 2

Complete the sentences with enough and the words in brackets.
We haven't got Has he got I haven't got Have they got Paul hasn't got Have you got

~~~I!.fJ.~.f~'!!.~.!~.!!~{~.I7

the project. (time, finish) English? (patience, teach) how the machine works. (experience, show) to the children? (presents, give) his car. (money, repair) dinner? (food, make)

3
4

5

Pairwork

J

-

=- __ .....

- ........... -

-_-w- ~ ~ ~ ~ Do you Do you Do you Do you

~

--

- - - - - ..

Work wittl a partner. Take turns to ask and answer the following questions: ~ ~ ~ ~
• __

Do you Do you Do you Do you
...-_____ _

go to go to wake go to
_ _ _

work early or late in the week? sleep early or late in the week? up early or late at the weekend? sleep early or late at the weekend?
_ _ _ _ _ ~ ...... ~

playa sport well or badly? write well or badly? do your work carefully or carelessly? write English well or badly?
.... _~ ... __ -1iIIiIi ~ .... ....... ~ ..

~

Writing

-----.,

..

_----------_

Write a paragraph about yourself using your answers from the questions above .

..

33

Present Continuous
HE ISN'T SlEEPI/lG. HE'S ClEA/ll/lG THE KEYBOARD 'IIffH HIS /lOSEI

Affirmative I am (I'm) working you are (you're) working he is (he's) working she is (she's) working it is (it's) working we are (we're) working you are (you're) working they are (they're) working Negative I am not (I'm not) working you are not (aren't) working he is not (isn't) working she is not (isn't) working it is not (isn't) working we are not (aren't) working you are not (aren't) working they are not (aren't) working Question Am I working? Are you working? Is he working? Is she working? Is it working? Are we working? Are you working? Are they working? Short answers Yes, I am. Yes, you are. Yes, he is. Yes, she is. Yes, it is. Yes, we are. Yes, you are. Yes, they are. No, No, No, No, No, No, No, No, I'm not. you aren't. he isn't. she isn't. it isn't. we aren't. you aren't. they aren't.

34

Present Continuous 8

I

Make the -ing form of the verbs and put them in the correct part of the chart.
-.....-

- - - -- - - - -- - - - - - - - - - - - -~- - -....... - -_ - - - - --- - - - .... - - -- - - - - --- - - - - - - - - - - - do
-

drive
-

get
-

have
-

leave
-

listen
-

make win
-_ -

put
-

- - - - - -- - - - - - .

shop
-_ -

sleep
-

smile
-

swim
_-_

try
-

tidy

...write
_. I

~~',

run ~ running
stopping

take ~ taking
writing

walk ~ walking
asking

2
Eg

Complete the sentences with the Present Continuous.
He .. " She J.~.':"!.~~t!!?9. ,..

a card to his parents at present. (write]
to her boss. (talk) in her armchair. (sit) in Paris at present. (live)

2

Brenda The girls We My friend Their cousins I We

3
4

,.. golf at our club, (play) in a big race at the moment. (run) a new shop today. (open) hard for my exams. (study) the sun today. (enjoy)

5
I

6
7 8

3
Eg

Complete the sentences with the negative form of the .Present Continuous.
She They

.!~!?:~.~~~.~[:!9.

dinner today. (cook) a report at the moment. (write)

2 3 4 5 6 7 8

She We It I ,

,

"

, to her lecturer, (listen) chicken today ..(eat) this morning. (rain)

, , ,

on the phone now, (talk) us today, (visit) , very well at the moment. (sleep) the meeting. (enjoy)

Our friends Jenny You

35

4
Eg

Write sentences with the Present Continuous.
the dog / sleep / in the sitting room

.!.t:.f?.~C?.9.. :t. ~!fj!~p'.;',!.9.. !?~ !~. .f!Jt!/r:.9. !'.r?l?!??:

r~.~

.

/U$. §/f!.?P! 1]9.J!.'!.9ft[.? .tr.~.~:
he J clean / his motorbike

.

2

he / sit / on a sofa

2
3 the boy / look / out of the window

3

4

Andrew and Joanne / walk / in the park 4

5

Paul/eat

/ his dinner

6

the children / swim / in the sea

5

5
Eg

Complete the questions with the Present Continuous and write answers.

!~.'~(~~~0~:~.o/pi!!9
.'(f?~!..~~fj!.!~: .

a letter? (Alexandra J type) ,/
at me? (that woman / look) ,/ your meal? (you / enjoy) ,/ your new house? (workers / build) for the weekend? (she / shop) your guitar? (you / play) ,/ at his desk? (he / sit) a cake? (you / make)

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

X

X

X X

a new book? (she / buy) ,/

36

PresentContinuous 8

Pairwork

-..-

- - - -...,.- - - ------~-."...-

- -~- - - - -- --.~-~-

-...,.-._,_-....,-

- -.

.- -- - - -- Writing

Work with a partner. It is nine o'clockon a Sunday evening. Your partner, your partner's family and a few friends are at his/her house. Ask your partner what everyone is doing .

-- -- -- - ---- - - -_ ......_ - - - - - - ~-- - _. -- - - - - ............-~- - .

Write an e-mail to a friend. Tell him/her: what you are doing now. > what the weather is like. > what your friends are doing.
~,SendNoW ~Sendlatt;.r ~savea;s Draft ~ ,MdMtachment31.JSigMtlJre"

~
~OJltf0Il3 ..... 1 ~-1 ~rap-

til e-mail

SUbject:p=========================================:1
~ Attach mente:

a

t't To, ~ ce.
Be"

Fr'm,~=====j~·~

- -I\!l.el I
---,I

;'ab

I

I1I.IN.
'P

Def~u1t foro!

Te.dS1C:~

...

!

B

I

!! T

I g:

~~

I ~==:: ~ ~ IA

...~

v

1-

37

Review 2
Complete the chart.

(Units 5-8)

my
you he she it we you they

mine

Complete the sentences with possessive adjectives. Eg

y.?~(

camera is in the kitchen. (you)

.................... boss is very nice. (he) 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 shoes are new. (I) car lis red. (she) brother is very clever. (he) food is in the bowl. (it) work is excellent. (you) summer holidays were in the Caribbean. (we) restaurant is great. (they)

Complete the sentences with possessive pronouns. Eg They're your shoes. They're It's my work. It's 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 It's their car. It's It's her house. It's They're his oranges. They're They're her children. They're It's your book. It's They're his glasses. They're They're our CDs. They're . . . . . . .

x.C?l.!.~~
.

.

Review 2 (Vnits 5-8)

Complete the sentences with the Present Simple.
Eg She I

yl!.9.~If.!?

in Berlin. (work) spaghetti. (like) in Stockholm. her car on Sundays. (wash) Chinese. (speak) books. (write) at restaurants every weekend. (eat) apple juice. (drink) (not live)

2
3 4 5 6
/

William Anna and George Kate Her brothers Angela We They

tennis. (not play)

..4
5
Eg

7 8

Complete the questions with the Present Simple and write answers.

P9..y.9f.!.lmRYf.

this person?

(you

I know) .I .I

Xe.{'i, .!!WfJ..Q.Q.
................ 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

.
French? (he / speak)

television every evening? (they / watch) horses? (Janet / sometimes / ride) at the gym? {Jason / often / train) the evening meal? {he / always mice? (your cat

X

.I .I

I

cook)

X

I eat) .I

to the cinema? (you

I

often go)

X
.I

at the weekend? (he / sometimes / work)

6
Eg

Choose the correct answer.
When does she go to sleep in / @night? In I At the summer, we go to the beach.

2 3 4 5 6 7 8

We sometimes Her exams are

eat dinner on

I at six o'clock.

at / in June. at my birthday. at eight o'clock.

He goes skiing on / in the winter. I always go to the cinema on / We always go to a party on I

at New Year's Eve.

We always finish our meetings on / She swims every day

at / in the holidays.

Review 2
7 Eg Complete the sentences with too and the words in brackets. He is She is 2 3 The house is It's This book is The project is She's He's They're

!<;!~.J?I!.~y..r<;!.p.C!/!

you tonjght. (busy, call) (excited, sleep) (old, buy) shopping. (rainy, go) (boring, (difficult, a long way. (old, (young, work) a mistake. (clever,

4 5
6

7
8

Complete the chart.

9 Adverbs
carefully Eg

Rewrite the sentences using the word given. The orange juice is too warm to drink. The orange juice cold to drink.

Adjectives
careful nice noisy hard good soft bad late early perfect terrible beautiful heavy slow horrible quiet

..t~.l]<;!.t ..q.9.~c;i_.~f]~_I.!glJ.
easy

My work is too difficult to explain. My work explain.

to

2

The girl is too slow to win the race. fast The girl to win the race. ..

3

The fruit is too hard to eat. soft The fruit to eat. ..

4

This window is too dirty to see outside. This window see outside.

clean to

5
I

The film is too boring to watch. The film

interesting to watch. light to

6

The suitcase is too heavy to lift easily. The suitcase lift easily.

,I

Review 2 (Units 5.8)

10
Eg

Complete the sentences with enough and the words in brackets.
There isn't Katrina has got

fWRUgh.tQ9.9.J9..fl.?L

at home this evening.

(food, eat)

at the moment. (things, do) shopping. (time, go)

2

We haven't got There aren't My friend hasn't got There isn't Have they got

3
4 5

to everyone. (biscuits, give) abroad. (money, travel) in this room. (light, read) at the meeting? (coffee, drink)

6

11
Eg

Complete the sentences with the Present Continuous.
We .......... !;Jlfl..$.{i.J.9.Y/!]9 .......... ............................. it hard for our exam. (study) this morning? (snow) for an answer from his interview, (wait) a novel at the moment. (not write) for a swimming competition. (train)

2 3 4
5 6 7

He She They He They I She

pizza this evening. (not eat) to their boss about a pay rise. (talk) tonight. (go out) her dog for a walk. (take)

8

12
Eg

Complete the questions with the Present Continuous and write answers.
...... /~.JQ/J.O'.c.!fH:UJjng the car? (John / clean) ,/

.y.e.s.•. l1e.i$,

..
5 everyone? (they / buy) a meal? lunch for

............................................................................ a report? (your colleagues / write) ,/

X
to the

2 (she / prepare)

6 wedding? (we / go) X

X
to work? 7

3 (he / run) ,/

Russian? (you /Iearn) ,/

4

a
computer game? (Emma / play)

8 (you / have)

soup?

X

X

Present Simple & Present Continuous

o
---

~EET NORNN. HE'S WORKINGAT THE ~O~ENT. & HE IJSIJAUYDRINKS COFFEEBEHIND HIS CO~PfJTERI

~----------------

-

-

Present Simple and Present Continuous
Present Simple Affirmative I worK he works I am (I'm) working he is (he's) working you are (you're) working Negative I do not (don't) work he does not (doesn't) work I am not (I'm not) working he is not (isn't) working you are not (aren't) working Question Do I work? Does he work? Am I working? Is he working? Are you working?

Present Continuous

Time Expressions and Adverbs of Frequency
We often use adverbs of frequency (never, sometimes, often, usually, always) and time expressions such as at the weekend, on Saturdays, every day, in the morning, in the summer, etc with the Present Simple. They always go to work by bus. He drinks coffee every day. We often use time expressions such as now, at the moment, these days, at present, this term, this year, today, tonight, etc with the Present Continuous. They are reading at the moment. She is wearing a dress today.

42

Present Simple & Present Continuous

9

Complete the sentences with the Present Simple. Eg
They She 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 We She I he They you they

9.Qf1.ti?f!.t..

meat every day. (not eat) to work. (not walk) TV after 11 o'clock? (watch)

by train. (always travel) chess at home? (play) our cousins very often. (not visit) breakfast at 7.30. (cook) a lot of history books. his car every weekend? (read) (clean)

2
Eg

Complete the sentences with the Present Continuous.
She He j~.t~t~~'7Q to her sister now. (talk) his black jacket today. (wear) you They We Their children she I She Spanish? (learn) with their parents. (live) the bedrooms now. (not paint) (ride)

2 3 4 5 6 7 8

their bikes at the moment. to her aunt? (write) French at the moment. to the radio. (listen) (not study)

-------~-~----~-----~----~-~--~------------------------------------------at ,l.be-m'6ifi"ent at present usually now ~ this year always today every day on Mondays - ...... this month sometimes

3

Put the words and expressions in the correct column.

- - ,- - -- ---- - - -- --- -- - - - - - - - --- - - _ ....... - - --- _ --- --- --- --- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - ,- --- - __..--- - - ~
Present Simple
never

Present Continuous
at the moment

43

Write sentences with the Present Simple and Present Continuous.

Eg

Gavin / usually / listen to / radio / at breakfast time / but today he / watch / TV

Gavin / usually / drive go

I to work I but today he I

I by bus

.Gm-:(r:! .'!§.lI.?/iy..U$.(f?lJ§ ..(9. H}ft

.mc)!(;u'!t. .."" "" .i?(fJ.?/1.?-.~.t..t!m~,,lfpJ 'zQ.9.?y. /J.f?)~,vy~t~ht N , I]Q.

.

.

2

Gavin / usually / walk / to the park / after lunch / but today he I drink coffee / at a cafe

3

I his e-mails / after work / but this evening he I sit / in the garden
Gavin / usually / read

4

Gavin / usually / go / to bed / at 10 o'clock but tonight he / work late

I

44

Present Simple & Present Continuous 9

5
Eg

Complete the sentences with the Present Simple or Present Continuous. am fixing "XI I .......................................... my blICYc/e at th e mom en t . (~.. \
................... he sandwiches every day? (make) toast and honey for breakfast this morning. (have) her clothes at the moment. (not wash) shopping every weekend? (go) cold weather. (like) the flowers. (eat) milk in the afternoon. (not drink) late on Sundays. (sleep)

p-

I Thinkaboutit
Remember the spelling rule:
If a verb ends with

2 3
4

They She ................... you He Look at the dog? It They He

~---~
one vowel and one consonant, then we double the consonant before we add -ing. run - running '

-

5

6 7 8

-

-.I

6
Eg

Choose the correct answer.
Look! The cat~/ climbs the tree.

I am not using / don't use my computer today. 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 We go / are going swimming in the sea in the summer. Do dogs chase

I Are dogs chasing cats?

She is living /lives with her sister for two or three weeks. What does she read at the moment / in the evening? Does he go to work by bus today / every day? They are a/ways having / always have dinner at 8 o'clock. Their children aren't making / don't make their beds every day.

Writing

--

- - - - - - - - - - - - - -- .. - --- - .. - - - -- - - - - --.. .----------------~-----~--------------~
Pairwork
Work with a partner. Ask your partner what he/she usually does on Saturdays .

-------------.,

Write a paragraph about yourself. Think about: what you usually do on Saturdays. what you are doing at the moment. ~

------------------~
4S

Can & Must
/tiD. /tIDRM/tI. YOII CA/tI'T CATCHA CO~PtlTER VIRIIS.

--------

Affirmative
I can run you can run he can run she can run it can run we can run you can run they can run

Negative
I cannot (can't) run you cannot (can't) run he cannot (can't) run she cannot (can't) run it cannot (can't) run we cannot (can't) run you cannot (can't) run they cannot (can't) run

Question
Can Can Can Can Can Can Can Can I run? you run? he run? she run? it run? we run? you run? they run?

Short answers
Yes, Yes, Yes, Yes, Yes, Yes, Yes, Yes, I can. you can. he can. she can. it can. we can. you can. they can. No, No, No, No, No, No, No, No, I can't. you can't. he can't. she can't. it can't. we can't. you can't. they can't.

1
Eg

Complete the sentences with can and the verbs in brilcll:et~ f .... «??(!.~w.(m really fast. (swim) .... ........................... he tennis? (play) to the cinema today. (not go) that report for me. (write) his name. (not remember) we They He you your boat for the day? (borrow) the piano. (not play) his watch. (not find) to the beach from here? (walk)

2 3 4 5 6 7 8

We She I

46

Can & Must 10

2 Eg 1 2 3
4

Complete the sentences with can and the verbs in brackets. ...9.?0.... he .. .c!rc!.~/.. a pizza after work? (order) You It's cold! We we I They you
1

5

6 7
8

out today! It's my birthday! (not go) you the door? (close) your parents on Sunday. (visit) our friends tomorrow? (see) in the garden next week? (work) to music now. It's very late! (not listen) that report for me? (print) long. I have an important meeting in five minutes. (not talk)

3 Eg

Write questions and answers.
he / run fast / ? ,/ Can he run fast?

Y.f!.~! t:.f? f~.C!-.f}_·.•..•..•.••..•..•...•..•..•.••..•. ..
I / cook our dinner / ? ,/ 5 I / bake a cake / ? ,/

2

they / fix the computer / ? X

6

they / do that project / ? ,/

3

she / carry the shopping I ? ,/

7

she / learn Russian / ? ,/

4

you / buy me a ticket / ? ,/

8

you / clean the car /?

X

-"'_"'_"1If

Must

Affirmative I must go you must go he must go she must go it must go we must go you must go they must go Short answers Yes, I must. Yes, you must. Yes, he must. Yes, she must. Yes, it must. Yes, we must. Yes, you must. Yes, they must.

Negative I must not (mustn't) go you must not (mustn't) go he must not (mustn't) go she must not (mustn't) go it must not (mustn't) go we must not (mustn't) go you must not (mustn't) go they must not (mustn't) go

Question Must I go? Must you go? Must he go? Must she go? Must it go? Must we go? Must you go? Must they go?

We use must to talk about obligation. Must is followed by a bare infinitive. I must go to the doctor.
You must invite them to dinner next week.

We use mustn't to talk about things we are not allowed to do (prohibition). Mustn't is also followed by a bare infinitive. You mustn't go in there.
You mustn't take things without asking.

We use must to talk about the present and the future.
You must speak to him now. They must finish their project next month.

No, No, No, No, No, No, No, No,

I mustn't. you mustn't. . he mustn't. she mustn't. it mustn't. we mustn't. you mustn't. they mustn't.

is not very polite to use must when we are talking to someone we don't know well or to someone who is older than us.

't

47

4 Eg

Complete the sentences with must or mustn't.
v: mustn't IOU .•..•..••••.•.....

~. v smo ke i th e otnce. " e In use your camera in this art gallery. ~ wait at the red traffic light. watch TV all day. ~ wear a seat belt in your car. ,/ make a lot of noise in hospital. ~ recycle paper .

You 2 3 4 5 6 you You You You You You You

.I

.I

7
8

leave your dog in a car in the summer. ~ pass your test to get a driving licence. ,/

r
5
Eg

Writesentences with must.
you

I Thinkaboutit

-

--- •

J go to work J every day .I

I

We never put to after must.

Y.9.1!./JJJ:I§_(

99.. (Q. w.9.rK.f!Y.e?0': .9.?Y:

.

we J talk in the library ~

-

I I

I

2

I J do my Maths homework

J now .I

3

we J write the report / at the weekend ,/

4

you / go to work J at the weekend?

5

they / write on the walls ~

6

she / remember her appointment

,/

7

he / do overtime at the office?

8

I / forget my glasses ~

9

I / be late for the meeting ~

10

we

I be unfriendly to our guests. ~

48

Can & Must 10

6
Eg

Write questions with must or can.

.fY1.f!.~Ut!.~Y. J~.. IJ.f?,.'!!~.~.~~l'}fJ.? 9P. ~
Yes, they must go to the meeting.

.

Pairwork

-- ---------~.:
..

No, she can't use a computer. 2 Yes, they must wear a uniform at work. .

Work with a partner. Ask and answer questions with can.

> >
>

send an e-mail drive a car ride a horse

3
Yes, they can meet us tomorrow.
4 "

..

.
L

> speak Spanish > swim a long way > write songs

Yes, he must go to the doctor. 5 No, they can't use the Internet at work. .

~.

I Write a paragraph family. Describe: about your
I I

what each person can/can't do. do.

> what
~

I I I I
I

each person

----~~--------.
I

must/mustn't

I

49

Imperative, Let's & Object Pronouns

Q

OO'-I'T ASK ~E! THEf OON'T TEJ.l ~E AtlYTNING!

!

We use the imperative

when:

>>-

we give instructions.

Open your books at page 15.
we want to prevent something bad from happening.

Don't wallf on the ice. It's dangerous!
We form the imperative with the bare infinitive. It is the same for when we are talking to one person as it is when we are talking to many people.

Wait here, children! Don't push!

Pick that bag up, Brian!

Get out!

We form the negative imperative

with the word don't.

Don't stay out in the rain!

We often use the word please to be more polite. Please turn off the radio. Open the window, please.

Complete the sentences with the imperative of the words in the box.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -- - - - - - - -- - --- -- - - - - - - - - - - - - -~- _---- - - - - - _
Eg 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

drink

eat

help

listen

read

run

shout

sit

_!u.FrI
.......

-----------

tum

off the light, please. .I
lots of water in hot weather . ! I can hear you.

.I

X
.I .I

to this music. It's great..I your carrots. They are good for you . near the fire. It's hot!

X
.I

this, please. I can't see the letters . me! This box is very heavy . in here!

X

so

Imperative, Let's & Object Pronouns

11

D's
We use Let's with the bare infinitive when we want to suggest something. Let's play tennis! Let's go for a walk. We form the negative with the word not. Not goes after Let's and before the bare infinitive. Let's not stay at home all evening. Let's not get up early tomorrow.

.

2

---------------------~----------~, park have meet wait ---------------------------------~
Eg ......~~(~.!?l!y...... a magazine. ./ . .............................. cup of coffee. ./ a 2 3 4 5 6 watch write

Complete the sentences with let's or let's not and the words in the box.

r------~-----------------------------listen make ~ cook ~
I I

Complete the sentences the box.

with the words in

~------------------------------------Eg
Let's

take

talk

touch

visit

wake

.9.9.

for

a walk in the park.
late for dinner.

OK, but don't

i~~

Let's OK, but don't 2 3 4 Let's OK, but don't Let's OK, but don't Let's OK, but don't

lunch now. a mess. to some music. the baby. your cousin. about football. a look at your brother's new computer. it!

a letter.We can send an e-mail. )( for your cousin outside. It's cold. )( here. We can walk to the station. ./ at the cinema. ./ 1V. It's a nice day. )(

I'9bject Pronouns
Subject Pronouns I you he she it we you they Object Pronouns me you him her it us you them Eg

Complete the sentences with object pronouns.
I can't find

tf:i.£?.'!J.

(the photos)

They visit 2 3 4 5 6 Where is I don't know They work with She has got a present for He can't swim! Help Can you hear Don't touch I see He doesn't like

every weekend. (we) ? (the pencil) (that boy) (my sister) (I) ! (he) ? (the bell) ! (the cups) every day. (my aunt) much. (we)

We use object pronouns to replace an object in a sentence. He is holding a pen. He is holding it. I can see your sister. I can see her.

7 8 9 10

51

Rewrite the sentences using the imperative. Eg You must stay here. Eg

Find the mistakes

aftd write

the sentences correct}

Don't to open the window.

.$.!~y.t:!'~rE?: .
You must be careful wah the piano.

"

.

P~.'!.'.~ .. ~f}f?.~((?q.C?~ .c?:p.~!!
Let's to go to the cinema. 2 3 4 5 Where is the newspaper? I can't find her. Don't to tell her the news. Let's not to stay here .. It isn't nice. They can't visit we.

.

2
3 4

You mustn't drink all the lemonade. You mustn't make a noise. You mustn't read that letter. You must phone him now!

5

Rewrite the sentences using object pronouns. Eg Take the letters to your boss.

!?~f?J!?f}!!!JC?Y.C?.!!!..~P~~:
Let's buy the bread from the bakery. 2 3 4 5 6 You can invite your friend and his cousin. He doesn't talk to my brother and me every day. Don't give the pens to your sister. We don't like very hot weather. Please send the e-mail to your brother now.

..

r
,

, Thinkaboutit
,

,------n
We can put the word please at the beginning or at the end of a sentence.

_- ...---- - .. -

,
,

_.I

It

--------------------------~ ~---------------------------------.
Writing
I I

Pairwork

Work with a partner. Have short dialogues like the ones in exercise 3.

---------

..

I I
I

.~--------~~----.
52

Think about your next holiday. Write eight suggestions with Let's or Let's not.

Past Simple: To Be
THERE WEREII'T EllOUGH CHAIRS III THE ~££TlliG ROO~.
PJ.£fSE. FINO A CHAIR!

I was you were he was she was it was we were you were they were Short answers Yes, I was. Yes, you were. Yes, he was. Yes, she was. Yes, it was. Yes, we were. Yes, you were. Yes, they were.

Negative I was not (wasn't) you were not (weren't) he was not (wasn't) she was not (wasn't) it was not (wasn't) we were not (weren't) you were not (weren't) they were not (weren't)

Question Was I? Were you? Was he? Was she? Was it? Were we? Were you? Were they?

No, No, No, No, No, No, No, No,

I wasn't. you weren't. he wasn't. she wasn't. it wasn't. we weren't. you weren't. they weren't.

1 Eg

Complete the sentences with was or were.
They ..... w~r.f?..... in the garden yesterday afternoon.

r

_- -.
There is no short form for was

The boss 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 They I My brother and I Tanya and Sonya She We You

very angry yesterday. in Paris last month. busy yesterday morning. in hospital last week. at home last night.

, Thinkaboutit

still at school two years ago. happy to see you last Monday. in the office until late last night.

53

Make the sentences negative.
Eg He was at a meeting yesterday

3
Eg

Complete the questions with was or were and write answers.
Was the pam timg on th! wa II? ./ . IS .
.

':!.~'('(!'!~!!:t.?t.?. !??~~!!!!9..y'~~~~.(cj?Y: ..
They were at the football match last night.

..

.Y.f?~}A.w.~§:

............... they in the park yesterday?

X

2 3
4

It was an exciting film.

2 3
4

you pleased with the present? ./ she on television last night?

She was frightened on the plane.

X

You were good at maths at school.

your sunglasses in the car on Saturday? ./ you a good student at school? ./ the music very bad?

5 6

He was with the boss at lunchtime.

5
6

I was at the supermarket

yesterday afternoon.

X

Write questions and answers.
Eg your glasses / on your desk / ? (on the kitchen tab/e)

~~~~.Y~~r 9/.~~~~~ .y.~l!rg~~!<.? .~(? fj9; ..~t;f?YY';~r.~!!.'t: ..T.f!.f?Y.. ~~~~. ~!!.t_ty.ft. Nt~h~!! ..tf!R!~: .
his hat / black /? (brown)

. .

2

Barry and Igor / at the theatre / last night / ? (last Friday)

3

the flowers / yellow /? (pink)

4

the meals / at the hotel! awful!?

(very tasty)

5

the young boy / hungry / ? (thirsty)

5

Complete the text with was, wasn't, were or weren't.
Last summer I (Eg) (2) (6) (8) ~~~ on holiday in Kenya. I (1) with some friends on a safari holiday. The hotel a river called the from Kenya. They traditional African happy to leave

near a town. It (3)

on a hill in a national park and there (4)

Ngare Ndare next to it. It (5)

dangerous to go swimming there because lions, elephants and rhinos European. They (10)

at the river for a drink every day. All the people working at the hotel (7) Masai tribesmen so the meals (9) out in the park every day and I (12)

recipes. We (11) end of the holiday there (13)

busy taking photos all the time. At the

over 250 photos ready for my computer. I (14)

Kenya and I want to go back next year.

S4

Past Simple: To Be 12

there were Short answers Yes, there was. Yes, there were.

Negative there was not (there wasn't) there were not (there weren't)

Was there? Were there?

No, there wasn't. No, there weren't.

1~6 Eg

Complete the sentences with the correct form of there was/were. .!}Jf}/f?.W.f}!.f}
....................................... many people in the park. ,/ many shops in the village. X anything on the desk.

2 3 4 5 6 7 8

X

three men in the boat. ,/ some flowers in the vase. ,/ a television a swimming in the room. X pool at the hoteL'/ a ruler in the bag? many fish in the river?

Pairwork
I I I
Ii

_- -_ -_- - - -_ - - - - --~-_..;- - -_- _-

-~----..,:---___.!1111111---~---- - •

Work with a partner. Take turns to ask and answer the following questions:

Ii I
I
.. - -

>>>-_...._

Where was your last holiday?
Were you in a big city? Were you in the countryside? Were you near the sea?
-_ -_ ... -

>-

>- Was it quiet there? > Were you with friends >
_~_-

>-

or your family,? Were you bored there? Was the weather hot?
--'_ .. __ _--- __ --__ -III

Writing

-fl',f,ffff
__ I ~

f

t Ii

lllll"lt-fff

tIt t 1t1tl

Write a paragraph about your last holiday. Use the questions above to help you.
Ir-_ ..

5S

Review3
Complete the sentences
Eg He Tigers

(Units 9-12)
with the Present Simple.
a newspaper every day. (read) of India. (live)

J.~~9~
he they

in the jungles

2 3
4 The doctor She We He They

in the city centre? (work) on holiday every summer? in at 8.15. (come) sad films. (not like) your story (not believe) the birds every morning. tennis in winter. (not play) (feed) (go)

5
6 7

8

Complete the sentences with the Present Continuous.
Eg He They 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 They I She you Don't go out! It The students Gerald

J~g~W':!g ..

ready to go out. (get) their house at the moment. (decorate) dark now. (get) hard this year. (study) the money? (count) the housework this morning. (not do) to work today? (walk) for a new house. (not look) to the shops now. (go)

Complete the sentences

with the Present Simple or Present Continuous.

They ........ ?!f}. !.~.~!:!0JJ. ......... at They 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 He He Look! He 1 Emma and Greta it

my holiday photos now. (look)
(not have)

a meeting at the moment. me in the morning.

(always / phone)

a photo of you. (take) a lot of money at weekends. (not spend) (play)

chess every Saturday. here in winter? (snow) to us very often. (not speak) they

for the bus now? (wait)

Review 3 (Units 9-12:)

4
Eg
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 I

Complete the sentences with can and the verbs in brackets.
They He We you She They he My glasses were here but I Q.9IJ.:tUru:/.f?t$.t?JJJ:f.. .. this letter. (not understand) very well. (swim) Peter to come. I've only got two tickets. (not ask) Chinese food? (cook) the work now. She is tired. (not do) the telephone number. (not remember) computers? (fix) them now. (not find) these questions. (not answer)

5 Eg

Write questions with can and write answe.rs.
they / come / to the ottice / on Saturday?

X . .I

9~_r!.t_I!~Y..~~'!!.~.~C?.~fJ.~ _ ..C?_t!/.~~. ~.E!.t!-!!q_E!Y.? ~!?
N9.,. PJ.€?y'.Qp'r:!J.
you / understand

.
/ the game of cricket / ?

2

He / playa

musical instrument

/?

X

3

I / borrow / your watch I ?

X

6

I I have a look I at the newspaper

I ? .I

4

we / go I for a cup of coffee now I ?

.I

7

you

I clean I the windows I today I ? X

5

they

I bring / the CDs this afternoon / ? ./

8

you

I remember I her name I ? X

6
Eg 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

Complete the sentences with must and the verbs in brackets.
Passengers You They We You I You You We

.r!J.t!.~t.~f:l.9.W

their tickets at the gate. (show) (switch off)

your mobile phone in the cinema. a uniform at work. (wear) him in hospital. (visit)

the main door open. (not leave) to the shops with you? (come) fast in the village. (not drive) your computer with water. (not clean)

the car to the garage. (take)

Review3
Match.
Eg Sit Drink ------a b c d e a look. down. these e-mails. the door. the computer. your milk. g h your vegetables. a noise.

2
3 4

Don't make Close Read Eat Don't touch Have

5
6 7

Write sentences with let's or let's not.
Eg go / to the park

I on foot )( .~~t~. !?~t.9.~.!~.~~ t l??/':. p.r!. !.C!P?: .I

.
5
be / silly )(

talk about / our next holiday

2 3

sit / outdoors

.I

6

listen

I to the news I on the radio .I .I

eat out

I this evening )( .I

7

look around / the museum

4

relax / before dinner

8

choose / a new sofa / today )(

Complete the sentences with object pronouns.
Eg 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Take Don't touch Thierry was in front of I can't remember She doesn't tell Give

H

to the boss. (this letter) It's dirty. (the wheel) (my cousins) (that man) anything. (I) a glass of water, please. (his sister) (we)

Hurry up! They are waiting for Can you find Phone

? (the key)
after breakfast. (the doctor)

Review 3 (Units 9-12)

10 Eg

Complete the sentences with the correct form of there was/were.

T!?~~~.yl!.<¥~!!L
..................................

any food on the table.

1

a good film on TV last night? hundreds of cars in the car park . ./

2 3 4 5 6 7 8

a big clock in the shop window . ./ a fireplace dangerous in the living room.

1

snakes in the park near our hotel. ./ on the train?

many passengers any customers a problem

in the shop.

X

with the phone?

11
Eg

Complete the sentences with the Past Simple of to be.
The bus The watches W?-? in that shop at school with me. at home yesterday at that market late this morning . ./ expensive . ./

2 3 4 5 6 7 8

They She The vegetables The children The fruit juice His car His T-shirt

X
afternoon.

1

fresh . ./

afraid of the gorillas . ./ sweet.

X

outside the office. 1 green and yellow . ./

12 Eg

Complete the questions with was or were and write answers.
Wsr.e you abroad fast month? ./

.r?$., .t.w.-9.~:.1..Y.~.tiJ.. w.f?.. w.?m: ...
....... your feet sore after the walk? ./ 5 there a post office nearby? 1

2

the chair comfortable?

X

6

your brother here yesterday?

X

3

they in Moscow last week? ./

7

the basketball players very tall? ./

4

the exam difficult? ./

8

there many lions at the zoo? ./

Past Simple Affirmative: Regular & Irregular V
HE CJ.EAIIED HIS OFFICE % YEARS AGO.

o

Regular Verbs I walked you walked he walked she walked it walked we walked you walked they walked I.rregular Verbs I went you went he went she went it went we went you went they went

60

Past Simple Affirmative: Regular & Jrregu:la:rVerbs

13

1
Eg

Complete the sentences with the Past Simple.
We They

p.!~y.~c;!

football yesterday. (play) the car at the weekend. me a lot of questions. me! (push) the door for me. (open) to his new CD yesterday. (listen) the desk into the other room. (move) (clean)

r
,

2

He She I You He We They

the office at 9 o'clock. (reach) (ask) a goal in the football match yesterday. (score)

,
,...

Thinkaboutit
We do not double the n in open or listen because we stress the first, not the second, syllable.

1IItl

3
4 5

,

6
7 8

.. - -Past Simple

Z

Complete the charts. Verb
begjn break buy come do eat find get

Past Simple
began

Verb
give have know leave make see take write

3
Eg

Complete the sentences with the Past Simple.
They He

C?'!-.'!!.f!

here at 10 o'clock. (come) some English books yesterday. (buy) it all this morning. (eat) him two days ago. He was fine. (see) all my work quickly. (do) chicken sandwiches for lunch. (have) her keys under the sofa. (find) him the diary before work. (give) his watch on the dining room table. (leave)

2 3 4

There is no cake. They I I We She

5 6 7 8

I think I
He

4

Complete the sentences with the Past Simple.Use the words in the box.
borrow break carry help make stay study take

Eg

They He

!?f!.fl."!:'!.

work early yesterday. two plates last night. the furniture up the stairs. photos of many animals in the park. a lovely cream cake at the weekend. 5 6 7 8 She They I My brother with the children all morning. me with my homework. hard when I was at school. my car yesterday.

2 3 4

They We He

61

We use the word ago to talk about something She left school He got

that happened

a number of years, minutes, days, etc in the past.

a year ago.

I saw her in her office twenty minutes ago.

a new job two months ago.

Write sentences with ago.
Eg He arrived at nine o'clock. It is now eleven o'clock.

_
.
,

_-

1j£??:~r!y.~~f..t~9..fJ.l?I!.~~.~g.C?:
I rang her on Tuesday. It is now Friday.

, Thiakaboutit

I

2

He bought a new car in July. It is now November.

.-

We say three years ago, not before three years.

,

wi

3

They went to the cinema at 6.30. It is now 7 o'clock.

5

They spoke to him on Saturday. It is now Monday.

4

I painted this picture when I was 24. I'm now 30.

6

I gave him that book when he was 10. He is now 16.

Write the words in the correct order.
Eg

a / sofa / new / bought / yesterday / they !!?~y..t;?~?!g!7_t.!'!. .r!.f!.~. ~~t?. y.~~/~(9.'?:Y:
night / to / theatre

Eg

They yesterday listened to my new CD.

..

Thf:!y. )~$_(~rJ.~.cj my.os« .9.9 ::I.~§t~r.cj9Y. N.
She wake up at six o'clock this morning.

.

1

/1 / the /Iast / went

2

ago / he / me / gave / pen / this / a / week

2

I take this photo two days ago.

3

Saturday / we / a / lot

I money J of / spent / on

3

They studies economics

at university last year.

4

last / she

I her / sister / week / visited

4

We flew to Paris before two months.

5

computer / afternoon / they / the / yesterday / fixed

5

He tells me the answer last night.

62

Past Simple Affirmative: Regular & Irregular Verbs 13

8

Complete the text with the Past Simple. A new Chinese restaurant (Eg) .. ?P.f}.'!.~~ (open) in town last week and we (1) c Saturday. We (2) (6) . (9) (go) there early and we (3) Chinese decorations all over the walls and they (5) (wear) Chinese clothes so it (7) (order) different things and we (10) (decide) to go there on (be)

(get) a table easily. There (4) (feel) like we (8) (share) our food.

(play) Chinese music all evening. The waiters (be) in China! We all

At the end of the meal, our waiter (11) (be) good, we (13)

(bring) us the bill. Because the service and the food (12)

..

(leave) a tip when we (14)

(pay). I think this restaurant is the best in town.

Pairwork

Work with a partner. Talk.about what you did last Saturday. Start like this: On Saturday morning, I ....
.. _ ~-_-1IIIiII! _~_ ... - .......,..,-__ ........._ __,.._ _____... ~

---------------~---~-~~-~----.
I
I I •I

priting

--------------------------------------------what you did after that. ~ what you saw.

You are on holiday. Write a postcard to a friend. Tell him/her about your first day of the holiday. Tell him/her: ~ what time you arrived. ~ what you dld first.

>-

>-

what you ate. ~ who you met.

63

Past Simple Negative & Question
DID SO~E80/JY BREAK THE HEATING SlSTE~?

Affirmative
I worked you worked he wor.ked she worked it worked we worked you worked they worked

Negative
I did not (didn't) work you did not (didn't) work he did not (didn't) work she did not (didn't) work it did not (didn't) work we did not (didn't) work you did not (didn't) work they did not (didn't) work

Question
Did Did Did Did Did Did Did Did I work? you work? he work? she work? it work? we work? you work? they work?

Short answers
Yes, I did. Yes, you did. Yes, he did. Yes, she did. Yes, it did. Yes, we did. Yes, you did. Yes, they did. No, No, No, No, No, No, No, No, I didn't. you didn't. he didn't. she didn't. it didn't. we didn't. you didn't. they didn't.

1
Eg

Complete the sentences with the negative form of the Past Simple.
They

.r!H!!!:~.~~?-y.

out all day. (stay) your fruit juice. (drink) the music very loud. (play) ice cream for dessert. (want) me the news. (tell) the boss yesterday. (see) the shopping on his own. (do) on the computer last week. (work) your cup. (break)

Alice
2

We I He She He They 1

3
4

5 6 7 8

64

Past Simple Negative Be Question 14

2
Eg

Complete the questions with the Past Simple. P~cj.y.9J!..f?n!~~
.............................................................. your teeth this morning? (you / brush) all the work last night? (they / finish) that picture? (she / draw) to Mara before you came in? (you / speak) to work on time? (they / get) to the bank yesterday? last night? (it / rain) television yesterday evening? (you / watch) (he / go) many people to dinner? (Paula / invite)

2

3
4 5

6 7 8

3
Eg

Make the sentences negative.
I took your pen.

!cj~cj'!.:~.~?:~f!.YP.t!J:.Pf!.'!.: ..
He fell down the stairs yesterday. 2 3 4 5 6 I forgot to buy the bananas. We chose our new carpet this morning. They stayed in the house all day yesterday. She read the whole book in two days. He did well at school.

..

,

Thinkaboutit
Be careful with the verb do: Affirmative: I did my homework. Negative: I didn't do my homework. Question: Did you do your homework?

I

4
Eg

Write questions.
He stood on the desk to open the window. Eg

Write the words in the correct order.
she / before / this / did / leave / you / morning / ?

r;H.cj.f:1.f!.. ~!?:r!~ ..C?'!..f~~.1.f!.?J: .f?,p.~!!.t!!f?. '('!.~'!.c;!c?,!!? ..~C? .
They knew the way to the city centre. 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 He thought it was funny.

.

.P/cj .?.t!.f!. H?E}.I.(~.!l.~!.9!'f!. Y.9.l!..~f:1.~~J!!.9!''!.~f}.'J.?
have / for / we / lunch / didn't / spaghetti.

..

2 They studied abroad. He got angry with the children. They won the match easily. He drove to the airport. 5 The train stopped suddenly. The dog escaped through the fence. 6 3

sleep / eight / last / I / for / night / didn't / hours

sea / did / swim / you / in / the / ?

4

take / she / her / didn't / coat

the / did / pay / you / bill / yesterday / ?

he / finger / did / his

I cut I ?

65

Write questions for the answers.
Eg .pzc;l.

.0.~'(l-!!? !R. NJ.f? .9.?IJ.~?

.
5

Yes, he ran to the bank.

No, they didn't play basketball. 2 Yes, she taught physics.

Yes, we drove to the lake.

6
Yes, Mr Peterson sold his shop.

3
Yes, she had eggs for breakfast.

7
No, I didn't have two cups of coffee this morning.

4
No, the film didn't start at six o'clock.

8
No, we didn't enjoy the holiday.

Pairwork
I

I I I
I

Work with a partner. Take turns to ask and answer the following questions about last Saturday:

I I I I I

>>-

>>-

Did you get up early on Saturday morning? Di-dyou have coffee with your breakfast? ,.,. Did you read a newspaper? Did you meet a friend in the morning? Did you have lunch at home?

Did Did >' Did >- Did >- Did

>>-

playa sport or game? you go out in the evening? you watch 1V on Saturday? you relax at a11? you feel tired at the end of the day?

l7~it;f~f.tt:tti.·I"/~tt. .. l,l·J:f~lttt III ttl
• • :;:' ..... ,I • _. ~ '.'_' •-

II

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. - .'

.

..'

.

-.

.

._

I\ftii!!t·j ~
I I I

,
I

"

-

-

I

I

... - - -

Write eight things you didn't do last weekend.
._

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66

Some, Any, No, Every
1',4f SURE THE REPOIU IS SO,4fEWHERE ON ~ DESK.

:[ome, Any, No
We use the word some before a noun in an affirmative sentence to say that something exists. There is some money in my bag. There are some biscuits on the plate. We use the word any in negative sentences and questions to say that something doesn't exist or to ask if something exists. There aren't any glasses on the table. Are there any apples on the tree? We use the word no with an affirmative verb to make a sentence negative in meaning. There are no books in the cupboard. (There aren't any books in the cupboard.)

We can use the word some in questions when we are asking for something or offering something. Can I have some water, please? Can J get you some fruit from the market?

1
Eg

Completethe sentences with some or any.
We don't have Are there

<!.QY.

envelopes.

cups in the office? nice jackets in that shop. more soup? biscuits. help. cheese on my spaghetti, please? art books. paint in this garage.

2 3 4 5 6 7 8

There are Can I offer you We don't have They don't want Can I have He hasn't got There is

67

Complete the sentences with any or no. Eg
There is .... JJ.C)..... butter in the fridge.

2 3 4

We didn't take They had He hasn't got There is

warm clothes. chocolate biscuits. shampoo. work for you today.

5 61 7 8

There was haven't got She took He didn't drink

salt in the soup. batteries for the radio. photos at the wedding. water.

Someone, Anyone, No one, Everyone
People someone/somebody anyone/anybody no one/nobody everyone/everybody Things something anythinq nothing everything Places somewhere anywhere nowhere everywhere

We usually use the words that begin with some- in affirmative sentences. We use the words someone and somebody to talk about one unspecified person. There is no difference between someone and somebody. Someone put your umbrella outside. We use the word something to talk about one unspecified thing. There was something in my cup of tea. We use the word somewhere to talk about one unspecified place. Can we go somewhere quiet? We use the words anyone/anybody, anything and anywhere to talk about one unspecified person, thing or place. We usually use the words that begin with any- in negative sentences and questions. There isn't anybody in the room. Was there anyone at home? I don't want anything to eat. I can't find anywhere to park. We use the words no one/nobody, nothing and nowhere in affirmative sentences when the verb is affirmative but the meaning of the sentence is negative.. No one saw the boss go out. Nothing happened at the office. There is nowhere for us to stay. We use the words everyone/everybody, everything and everywhere to talk about all the people, things or places. When the words everyone/everybody and everything are the subjects of a sentence, they are followed by a verb in the third person singular. Everyone watches that show on Tv. Everything was perfect at the hotel.

Complete the sentences with someone, anyone or everyone. Eg 1 2 3 4 5 6 There must be _Don'ttell : I don't think
There's ........ ~.9r!J_f?g.'!.€? ........ in our garden.

I didn't know

at the meeting yesterday. took my pen last night. can answer this question. It's very difficult. knows he is a good footballer. at home. The lights are on. about this - not one person.

Thinkaboutit
We can use some and words that begin with some in questions to offer something to someone or to ask for something. Do you want something to drink?

68

Some, Any. No. Every

15

Rewrite the sentences using the word given. Use between two and five words.
Eg There isn't anything in your eye. nothing There

J~l!.C?~fJ/IJ_g_

in your eye.

There are no new books in the library. any There 2 There isn't anybody at home. There in the library. nobody at home. any money in their pockets. with him. ._

, Thinkaboutit
We cannot use everyone or everybody after There is.

3
4

They had no money in their pockets. They He He took nothing with him. anything

5

There is nowhere to go at night. anywhere There to go at night.

IT> Choose the correct
Eg Can you give me

answer.
to eat?

a nothing
Did you look a anywhere

b everything
for your watch? b everywhere

® something
4 I didn't have a 5 a 6 nothing anything There isn't to drink before work. b b something nothing about it. b anything;

c somewhere c everyone c everybody

c anything c something c something

2 3

I don't think a a anyone somebody

wants to go; only three or four of us. b someone

I can do. I'm sorry.

There was

in your office five minutes ago. b anybody

I don't remember a nothing

Pairwork
I:

Work with a partner. Ask and answer questions about the mum or building you are In. Use words ft'Om this unit

Ii

.:

'.:

Writing
Describe a desert and a small village. Use words
from this unit.

· ,.o!:.: •.•

;o •••••••••••••

> .• ~ •••••••••••

~::.:

~ .-.,.,'

• .,

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;,.:

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•••

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~ ••••••

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•••••

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69

YOUR (;()At FOR "EXT YEAR IS TO 00 SO~£ WORK.

Countable and Uncountable Nouns
Countable Nouns cat desk fork photo picture stamp train umbrella watch woman Uncountable Nouns bread butter cheese furniture ice meat milk money news rice water

Nouns that we can count and that we can use in the plural are called countable nouns. When the subject of a sentence is in the plural, the verb must also be in the plural. There were three photos on the desk. Three men work in the office. Nouns that we cannot count and that do not have plurals are called uncountable nouns. We do not use a and an with uncountable nouns. When the subject of a sentence is an uncountable noun, the verb must be in the singular. Our furniture is quite old. Your money is on the table. We can use other words with uncountable nouns so that we know how much we have. such as a glass of (water), a slice of (bread), a piece of (cheese), a carton of (milk), a kilo of (butter). a plate of (rice), etc. We can use the word some in front of countable and uncountable nouns in affirmative sentences. There are some stamps in her bag. There is some ice in my juice. We can use the word any in front of countable and uncountable nouns in negative sentences and questions. There isn't any milk left Are there any mirrors in the room? We can use the word no in front of countable and uncountable nouns with an affirmative verb to give a sentence a negative meaning. There are no pictures on the wall. There is no bread in the kitchen.

Choose the correct answer. Eg
1 There is / @some flowers in the vase.

Is / Are there any ice in the drinks?

5 6
7

There is / are two slices of cheese in the fridge. There is I are some cold water in the glass.. The news was / were good. Bread goes / go hard when you leave it out.

2
3

The cheese is / are salty.
Is / Are the money in the envelopes?

4

There is / are some nice plates on the table.

S

70

C01Ultable & Uncountable No1DlS & Quantifiers

16

Complete the sentences with a, an or some.
Eg 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 There were .. §9.~~ ... toys on the floor. There's There were We need I saw She is There are I always have There is envelope here with no name on it.

pieces of meat in the salad. more cheese for the pizza. insect in the shower. famous singer. biscuits in the tin. cup of coffee in the morning. butter on your toast.

Tbinkaboutit
We do not use a or an with uncountable nouns.

Match and make phrases. Then write them under the pictures.
Eg 1 a piece of a bottle of a jar of a packet of a carton of a cup of a bar of a loaf of a b c d e f 9 h rice coffee chocolate honey cheese bread milk water

2
3 4 5 6

7

2

3

4

5

6

7

Much and Many
We use much with uncountable nouns in negative sentences and questions ..

They don't have much furniture in the flat. Has she got much more work to do?
We use the word many with countable nouns in affirmative sentences, negative sentences and questions.

There are many newspapers to choose from. I haven't got many shirts. Were there many people at the play? How much coffee is there? How many apples did you buy?

When we ask about quantity, we use how much? for uncountable

nouns and how many? for countable

nouns.

71

Complete the sentences with much or many.
Eg Were there We don't need 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Is there There weren't I haven't got Can you see Are there There are I don't like

Complete the questions with how much or how many.
Eg .. 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 How man" ~ . mgs were mea . th pam ti cousins do you have? cheese sandwiches are there? rice do we need? computers are there in the office? sugar is in this tea? furniture is there? glasses of water did you drink? milk do you want in your coffee?

~?!~.Y..

birds in the garden? money for our trip. ice on the road? people in the supermarket. honey for breakfast. bears in Russia? interesting programmes on TV? good hotels in this city. salt on my potatoes.

rt ga IIery.?

A Little, A Few, A Lot / Lots (Of)
We use a little with uncountable has a positive meaning. nouns when we want to say that a small amount of something exists. It

Can I have some honey for my tea? No, but there's a little sugar in the bowl.
We use a few with countable a positive meaning. nouns when we want to say that a small number of something exists. It has

There were a few people in the cafe.
We use a lot (of) and lots (of) with countable sentences and in questions. nouns and uncountable nouns in affirmative and negative

They haven't got a lot of flowers in the garden. We need lots of actors for our play. There was a lot of water in the garage after the rain. Do they eat lots of rice in China?

Complete the sentences with a few or a little.
Eg .... :~.f~w.... shops stay open after ten o'clock . . .................. people left the cinema early. 2 3 4 I've only got Can I have There's pages to read. chicken soup, please? meat in the oven. 5 6 7 8 She put Can I take There are I can only wait for sugar on the rice pudding. photos, please? things I need to buy. minutes.

Choose the correct answer.
Eg

® many

There aren't ..... tables in the restaurant. b much c a few He's got ..... money. 5 c many 6 c a few There is ..... lemon juice, but no orange juice. a much a much b a little b a lot b many blots c a few c lots of c much c many There aren't ..... people on the beach. Have you got ..... cheese in the cupboard? a a little We didn't take ..... bottles of water with us. a much b much b much b much b many

a a lot of 2 3 4 a many a a little a lots

Is there ..... ice in the fridge? Can we have ..... pepper on our potatoes? c a few We saw ..... interesting films last year. e a little

7 8

72

Countable & Uncountable Nouns & Quantifiers

16

Complete the sentences with the words from the box.

---- - - --- - -- _ ----Eg There aren't Can I get

-,..-....-

few

.-"~~-

---~------ - --- - - -little lots --- --- - - ----- - - - ---- - - - ----- --- - ---- --- --- -- --- --- -how --_-~~-~------------- ...... ~- many ----much some (x2) __ ...._ __...._ - - - - __..__...-~ ~_..---....-~---..

_.....

--'"

~~.Y.

keys in my pocket. more meat for you? food in the morning. of clothes with you. questions to ask you. many people came to the party. soup in the pot. more milk, please. books did you read last month?

2
3 4 5 6

We don't eat Don't take I have a We don't know There's a Buy How

7 8

- -- - --- - - - - -- -~- --- - ---- - --- --- --- -- - - - --- - - --- --- ---- - ~-- - - - - - - - - - --- - - - - - ---- --_ J-__"'_..a_~

Complete the text with the words from the box.

a

an .......-- any __..

-"..

cartons ...._

few (x2)

little

...

much

packets

some (x3)

,..__.,._ __

I don't go shopping very often, but I went to the supermarket yesterday evening. people there. It was (1) (2) asked (7) (10) instead. After that I got a (5) of rice and a (11) big supermarket cheese and (6) fruit and vegetables. There weren't (3) assistant. I bought three (8)

Luckily, there weren't (Eg) ....P.?!!J>t .. : peaches

so it was difficult to find all the things I needed. I bouqht nice pears so I bought a (4) of milk and (9) meat. I didn't know where to find the milk so I yoghurt. Finally, I got two money and I finished

bottles of water. I didn't spend (12)

my shopping in twenty-five minutes.

1£1,1 ·W·'H'__ ~_._ ~
I I

-"_._~ __..-_. ..
,.. potatoes

-.,.- ..
I
I I

Work with a partner. Take turns to ask and answer questions about what you eat and drink every day- Here are
some ideas:

I.
I I I I ..

>>__

coffee

,.. fruit

milk
~ __ ... ~

);- bottles of water
lIIIiW"'"iiii _._ .... ..--

>-rice

,.. butter

>-

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....._ __. __ ~

bananas
.1

....._,....

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Write a short paragraph about what you've got at home. Use words you have learnt in this unit.

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73

Review4
Eg Nobody

(Units 13-16)

Complete the sentences with the Past Simple.

?/r!y~g_

at work early yesterday. (arrive) his phone number. (remember) at a supermarket on the way home. (stop) all afternoon. (study)

After a few minutes I 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 We They I They I We Mike

to buy a new shirt last Saturday. (want) me to dinner last night. (invite) all the letters this morning. (post) across the country by train. (travel) the 1V on about an hour ago. (turn)

Complete the chart. Eg 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 eat give go
,

Complete the sentenceswith the Past Simple. I We I My cousin They He I We They

Verbs
begin break
,

Past Simple
began

!?~9.~!?

work an hour ago. (begin) our house last month. (sell) until noon. (sleep) me early this morning. (ring) a noise and shouted. (hear) on my chair and nearly pictures in the book. (draw) some fish for our dinner yesterday. (catch) a good time at the zoo last Saturday. (have) it. (stand, break)

buy come drink

8

leave ring see sell speak think wear write

ReView 4 (Units 13-16)

Complete the sentences with the negative form of the Past Simple. Eg Robert They 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 My uncle We I We They We She

g!g[J.'!.!!~:?!r.

from his cousin yesterday. (hear) before me. (arrive) them to the station yesterday. you at the theatre last night. (see) the computer in your office. (touch) (take)

on holiday last summer. (go) work before eight o'clock. (begin)

very far when I was a child. (travel) the telephone number in her book. (write)

Complete the questions with the Past Simple. Eg

P!g.Y.R.l!..~I?f!..Cf]

to play golf in England? (you / learn)

......................................... your homework last night? (you / do) 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 at home all afternoon? (she j stay) the house with his umbrella? (he / leave) to music in the car? (they / listen) when you were there? (it / snow) your thick coat last winter? (you / wear) all its food? (the rabbit

I eat)

a new job in New York? (Carmen / get)

Write sentences and questions with the Past Simple. Eg they / go to bed / early

I last night

.T.~f!X~~~t~ ?f!.C!.. ~~~~y. ~!~~_t: .. t .. .~~~t
they / not understand

.
5 he / sit down / take out a pen / and write a letter

I the question

2

she / say anything about work / this morning / ?

6

we / buy this cooker / two years ago.

3

I / think about the problem / last night

7

I / not do the washing / yesterday

4

it

I get cold / at night / ?

8

she / not break her leg / when she fall

Review 4
Complete the sentences with some or any. Eg You can't have There isn't 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Don't put There were He didn't have I asked for Can I get I've got Were there

~~y.

biscuits before lunch. cheese in this sandwich.

butter on my bread, please. ducks on the lake. driving lessons last week. water but I didn't get more orange juice for you? postcards to send home. famous people at the match? .

Complete the sentences with someone, anyone or everyone. Eg I can't see JH!Y.9JJ.~ in the car park.

...................................... 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Don't go alone. Take There isn't Did you see Now that Was

told me about it but I can't remember who. knows he's a good chess player. with you. here who can help you. in my office before lunch? is here we can begin the meeting. surprised by the news?

must fix this door before it breaks.

Complete the sentences with any or no. Eg I'm sorry. We have I had 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Have you got There aren't You can choose There is There were Is there There are

!?~

bananas today.

idea you were here. fresh milk? magazines on the table.

colour - even pink! sugar in this coffee. sheep in the field. news about our suitcases? buses after 11.30.

Review 4 (Units 13-16)

Choose the correct answer. Eg There weren't butterflies in the field. blots

a much
I can't see a some 2

©
c

many 5 many 6 I can't see a a few How a few 7 Have you got a many 8 She's got a a little blot trees from my window. b any c a lot

boats on the sea. b much

There was only a a few blot

water in the bottle. c little

salt is there in the soup? b many fresh fruit? b any c little c much

3

Is there a much

spaghetti in the pot? b many of rabbits here. blot c few clots

4

There are a a lots

cartons of milk in the fridge. c few

.- - - - -- - - -- - ----,.- - - - - - - - --- -' - - butter rice
r

Put the words in the correct part of the chart .
.......

- - -_..~

envelope

- -~- - - - -~--- - - --- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - ..
furniture garden ice lion telephone village water

I

milk
~ ~

money

ruler

shoe

Countable Nouns
bag

Uncountable Nouns
bread

I

Match Eg

a carton of
a loaf of

a b c d

honey bread rice chocolate

2

a piece of a can of a bottle of a cup of a bar of a jar of a packet of

3
4

e juice f g h cola cake water coffee

5 6 7 8

Comparison of Adjectives
FRIDAY IS THE 11051 DIFFICULT DAY OF THE WEEK. HE ALWAYS FINISHES lATE!

Comparative
We can use the comparative form to compare two people, animals or things. We often use the word than after the comparative form. Finland is colder than Mexico. This film is more exciting than the other one. To make the comparative form of adjectives with one syllable, we add the endmq -er. soft .. softer When the adjective ends in -e, we just add nice" nicer Sometimes we use the word more with two-syllable adjectives to make the comparative form. famous" more famous Some two-syllable adjectives have two comparative forms. simple" simpler/more simple clever" cleverer/more clever stupid" stupider/more stupid We·use the word more to make the comparative form of adjectives with three or more syllables. difficult .. more difficult Some adjectives are irregular and do not follow these rules. good" better bad" worse far" further/farther

-r.

When the adjective ends in a vowel and a consonant, we double the last consonant and add -er. big .. bigger When an adjective ends in -y, we take off the -yand add -ier. heavy .. heavier

Complete the sentences with the comparative form.
Eg 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

She is
This film is I think I am Film stars are You were here

r?H~r

than her sister. (tall)
than the last one. (funny) at tennis than I was last year. (good) than chess players. (famous) than I was yesterday. (late) than the new one. (simple) than Mount Fuji. (high) than the one I am reading. (interesting) than my new one. (cheap)

This big computer is Mount Everest is Your book is Myoid bike was

78

Comparison

of Adjectives

17

Superlative
We can use the superlative form to compare one person, animal or thing with others. We often use a phrase beginning with in or of to continue the sentence. It is the most expensive watch in the shop. He's the shortest player in the team. To make the superlative form of adjectives with one syllable, we add the ending the adjective in its superlative form. soft ~ the softest When the adjective ends in -e, we Just add -st. nice ~ the nicest When the adjective ends in a vowel and a consonant, we double the last consonant and add big ~ the biggest When an adjective ends in -y, we take off the -y and add heavy ~ the heaviest

-est. We use the word the before

-est.

-test,

Sometimes we use the most with a two-syllable adjective to make the superlative form. nervous ~ the most nervous Some two-syllable adjectives have two superlative forms. simple ~ the simplestJthe most simple clever ~ the cleverest/the most clever stupid ~ the stupidest/the most stupid We use the word most to make the superlative form of adjectives with three or more syllables. difficult ~ the most difficult Some adjectives are irregular and do not follow these rules. good ~ the best bad ~ the worst lar ~ the furthest/farthest

The words much, many, a lot (of), a little and a few also have comparative and superlative forms. much many a lot (of) lots (of) a little alew ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ more more more more less fewer
-

~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~

the the the the the the

most most most most least fewest

~- ---_ --- -

Complete the sentences with the superlative form.

Eg 1 2 3 4 5 6
7

They are

~~.~'!!.C?~~.'!.'?~C?l.!~ ..

animals of al/. (nervous)

Eight o'clock is It was Rock climbing is This must be He's My idea was

time you can go. (early) day of the year is in June. (long) sports centre in the city. (good) sport you can do here. (dangerous) bed in the shop was train in the world! (slow) person in the offi.ce. (kind) of all. (silly) , too. (soft, big)

8

79

as •.. as We can also use (not) as ... as to compare two people, animals or things. We use as ... as when the two people, animals or things are the same. She is as pretty as her sister. We use not as ... as when they are different. My garden isn't as big as a football pitch!

Write sentences using as ... as or not as ... as.
Eg There are 160 pages in that book. There are more than 1000 pages in my dictionary. (thick) That book is my dictionary. 1 James is nine years old. Louise is seven years old. (young) James is 2 Louise. 2 Eg

Write the words in the correct order.
he / than / brother / is / his / stronger

HfJ..~El !$.t[9.ng.f?l. th~!J..fl~$ .. /;lf.Q.(flf?(. ......•....................•...•. ..
.
is / the / world / it / river / longest / in / the

l1.9.t?/?PJ.~9.~.C#*

not

/1 / was / as / as / frightened / you

Lisa is 1.78 metres. Gemma is 1.78 metres. (tall) Lisa is Gemma. 3 fastest / this / country / in / he / the / swimmer / is

3

My bicycle weighs seven kilos. The black bicycle in the shop weighs six kilos. (light) My bicycle is one in the shop. the black 4 the / interesting / it / was / most / documentary / on / television

4

This electric light bulb is forty watts. That bulb is sixty watts. (bright) This electric light bulb is that one. . 5

as / you / am / nervous / I / as / are

5

The red car can go 180 kph. The white car can go 210 kph. (fast) The red car is the white car. 6
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office / smaller / my / is / all / others / the / than

5
Eg

Complete the sentences with one word in each gap.
It's .... .r!?~r.~ difficult to look after a cat than you think. ..... It was worst day of the year. your sister? expensive shirt in the shop. dark as your jeans. popular than I am.

2 3 4 5

Do you spend more I bought the My jeans aren't You are

80

Com,parison of AdjectiVes

17

Read the text and complete it with the comparative or superlative form.

Last weekend my family and I went to a lake. It is (Eg) (1) seaside, but I think it is (3) (dangerous)

H!.f?3!IflfJ.f?~t

(big) lake in the country and it is (far) away than the .

(popular) place to .go for the weekend. It is (2)

(safe) than the sea because the fish in the sea are (4)

than the fish in the lake. I am (5) (brave) than I am.

(frightened) of big fish than anyone in my family.

Even my young brother is (6) I went swimming in the lake but I stayed (7) and, believe it or not, I caught (8) were (9)

(near) to the edge than the others. We also went fishing (many) fish than anybody else! When we ate them, I thought they (surprising) weekend of the year.

(tasty) fish ever. It was (10)

Pairwork
I!IIIIII! -----""~-~~~ ....

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Wel'k wIth a partner. too~ at the:secpiclores oftlOJiday plaBeS andcQmpare them. Use ,these words,
,... cool

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.... ..~iiii~ ~~

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....... ~ ~1iiIII-A-1iiii"~1IiiiI

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Find some pictures of things, places or animals and compare them. Write a short paragraph.

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81

Be Going To &: Future Simple
THINGS voru. NEVER HEAR AT WORK.

lim DONE! r~ GOING TO GIVE EVEIr/ONE

A BONlJS!

Be Going To
Affirmative Negative Question

I am (I'm) going to stay you are (you're) going to stay he is (he's) going to stay she is (she's) going to stay it is (it's) going to stay we are (we're) going to stay you are (you're) going to stay they are (they're) going to stay
Short answers

I am not (I'm not) going to stay you are not (you aren't) going to stay he is not (he isn't) going to stay she is not (she isn't) going to stay it is not (it isn't) going to stay we are not (we aren't) going to stay you are not (you aren't) going to stay they are not (they aren't) going to stay

Am I going to stay? Are you going to stay? Is he going to stay? Is she going to stay? Is it going to stay? Are we going to stay? Are you going to stay? Are they going to stay?

Yes, I am. Yes, you are. Yes, he is. Yes, she is. Yes, it is. Yes, we are. Yes, you are. Yes, they are.

No, No, No, No, No, No, No, No,

I'm not you aren't. he isn't. she isn't. it isn't. we aren't. you aren't. they aren't.

We use be going to to talk about: ~ future plans and arrangements. We're going to invite some friends to dinner on Saturday. ~ something we know is going to happen because we have evidence. Be careful! You're going to drop the glasses! We can use time expressions such as soon, tomorrow, next week, this evening, in the morning, tonight, at the weekend, later on, etc with be going to. We're going to visit my cousin tomorrow.

82

Be Going To & Future Simple

18

Complete the sentences with be going to and the words in brackets. Eg 1
2 They

~!.f!.9.~{1J.9.}';?!~?J:y.~

for the coast on Saturday. (leave)

Look at that red sky! It I We He They He is running very fast. He

nice tomorrow. (be) a new mobile phone. (get) at a hotel. (not stay) the boss for more money. (ask) in France next year. (study) the world record. (break)

3
4

5 6

Complete the questions with be going to and write answers. Eg

!~.~~!?.C?.{1J.9..!9.EC?.I!!~ ..9
NQ,..$./J.f;..(!$l1:t.
.

with us tomorrow? (she I come)

X

.................................................................... house? (they I sell) X the a great footballer? (he I become) ./ the bill? (Max I pay) X her to the museum? (you / take) ./ later? (it / rain) ./ an English course? (she I start) ./

2

3

4

5

6

IFuture Simple
Affirmative I will 0'11) stay you will (you'll) stay he will (he'll) stay she will (she'll) stay it will (it'll) stay we will (we'll) stay you will (you'll) stay they will (they'll) stay Short answers Yes,lwill. Yes, you will. Yes, he will. Yes, she wi'll. Yes, it will. Yes, we will. Yes, you will. Yes, they will. No, No, No, No, No, No, No, No, I won't. you won't. he won't. she won't. it won't. we won't. you won't. they won't. Negative I will not (won't) stay you will not (won't) stay he will not (won't) stay she will not (won't) stay it will not (won't) stay we will not (won't) stay you will not (won't) stay they will not (won't) stay Question Willi stay? Will you stay? Will he stay? Will she stay? Will it stay? Will we stay? Will you stay? Will they stay?

We use the Future Simple: ~ for predictions for the future. Robots will drive cars for us. ~ for decisions made at the time of speaking or to offer help.
I'll open the door for you.

~ for promises, threats and warnings.
Don't lift that. You'll hurt your back. /'If help your brother. I promise.

~ to ask someone to do something for us.
Will you post these letters for me?

~ after I hope, I think, I'm sure, I bet, etc.
I think I'll have

a sandwich.

We can also use the time expressions on page 82 with the Future Simple.

83

Complete the sentences with the Future Simple. Eg
1 2 . I promise th at J will ring you

whit en ge t 0 B erI' (ri ) tn. ring
some from the supermarket. (get) (fix)

There's no cheese. I I'm sure they We Food I Not all cars Sorry, but I I know she

the match. (win) your door this afternoon all the money. (not spend) petrol in 2030. (use) ready in time. (not be) very hard. (try) and that's a promise. different in fifty years. (be)

3
4 5 6

7 8

Complete the questions with the Future Simple and write answers.
Eg ......... WH!.Y.~'!.R!!!!fJ. mea glass of water, please? (you / bring)

.I .I

.Y.~~:.l.wf{(,
....................................... 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

..
better medicine in future? (there / be) (you

me a postcard from Jamaica?

I send) .I

a long time to find work? (it / take) X hotter? (our planet / get)

.I

in hospital for a long time? (she / stay) X the electricity bill on your way to work? (you / pay)

.I

my shirt for me, please? (you / wash) another chance to see the Olympics?

.I
(we

I have) .I

Read the dialogue and complete it with be going to or the Future Simple.

Jack:
Nick:

I (Eg)

~1J?9R!!?9JC?..<;I,f?.9.9.~~J~ (decorate) my bedroom next weekend. (1)
(visit) a friend this afternoon, but I (3)

(you

I help)
(go)

me to choose the paint this afternoon? I'm sony, I can't. I (2) to the store with you tomorrow.

Jack:

That (4) (5) (6)

(be) great. My cousin lives near the store and my friend and I (meet) him for a cup of coffee at around seven o'clock. I think they (agree) to come to the store with us and maybe we can play chess later. (ring) you when I get home from work. It (8) (not be) late because we (10) (be) ..

Nick:

Right. I (7) around five o'clock. I'm sure I (9)

(have) a meeting tomorrow afternoon and the boss likes to go home early on Fridays.

84

Be Going To &: Future Simple 18

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I
I

.-

1

-.,.......... ...~~__ __ ~_ __
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Work with a partner. Take wm~ to ask and answer For example:

questions about your plans for next weeJi<'en<:i.
I I

» What
)0-

Who

time are you goIng 'to get up~ ate you going t-o meet?

are y~u going to do? ".: Are you gOIng to do somethingspeciaJ?

I
I I I

I

Writing

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85

Question Words
HOW ,fflJCll SlIGAR DID YOlI PlIT If{ THIS COFFEE?

/

Question Words
We use question words when we want more information than Yes or No.
'Did you send the e-mail?.Yes.ldid. ' 'When did you send lt?' 'About an hour ago. ' How When

We use how to ask about the way someone does something or to ask about someone's hea1th. How do you change the wheel on a car?
How is she?

We use when to ask about time.
When did they finish the work? Where

We use where to ask about position or place.
Where can I sit? Which

We can use how with adjectives and adverbs.
How heavy is that table? How often do you go to the city centre? How fast can you swim?

We can use how many and how much with nouns. How many windows are there in your house? How much cheese do you want?
Who

We use which to ask about one person (or several people), thing(s) or animaJ(s)within a group of similar people, things or animals. Which actor did you see first?
Whose

We use whose to ask who something belongs to.
Whose pen is this? Whose bicycle did you borrow? Why

We use who to ask about people.
Who is that man in the photograph? What

We use what to ask about things What does she want?

Of

actions.

We use why to ask about the reason for something.
Why did he shout at you? Why is this water dirty?

Choose the correct answer.
Eg 1 2 3 4 5 6 Which /@is that girl?

How / When tall is he? Whose / What bag is on my desk? Why / What did Sam say? Where / Who can we stay? Which

I When do you go shopping?

Who / Which astronaut stepped on the moon first?

86

Question Words 19 Complete the questions with how, how much, how many, how old or how often.
Eg

./:!.9.w..9.~9.
I'm twenty-four.

are you?

............................ water do you drink every day? About two litres. 2 Every day. do you phone your best friend?

Thinkaboutit
We use How much in questions when we ask about uncountable nouns.

3
Thirty.

days are there in June? do you spell the word 'cereal'?
C - E - H - E- A - L.

4 5 6

is this building?

I don't know exactly, but it hasn't been there for long.
is your cousin, Angus? He's very well, thank you.

Subject I Object Questions
Subject Questions When the question word asks about the subject of a sentence (the person, animal or thing that does the verb), the word order does not change. Who broke that window? (Jack broke it.) Whose car was in the middle of the road? (Sandy's car was in the middle of the road.) Object Questions When the question word asks about the object of a sentence, then the word order changes to the question form. Where did you go? (I went to the cinema.) What do you want? (I want a new watch, please.)

Do not confuse Whose?, Who's? (Who is?) and Who's got? (Who has got?). Whose ball did you Jose? (We lost Tom's bali.) Who's in the kitchen? (Pat is in the kitchen.) Who's got my gloves? (Ron has got your gloves.)

Choose the correct answer.
Eg What~/ did happen at the office? Eg

Complete the questions with Whose or Who's.
...... WtJQ.:~ ...... that man in black? ...................... got my bag? 2 3 4 5 6 bicycle is in the house? hungry? the fastest runner in this country? garden has the most flowers? watching TV at the moment?

What they saw I did they see in the forest? 2 3 4 5 6 Who does come / comes into work first? Which cat ate / did eat the chicken? Where did he stop / he stopped Who you told / did you tell? What did you buy for lunch?

I you bought last weekend?

87

- ---- --- ----- - - - - ------ ------- --- - ---~
How What
..-"--

- - -- - ---- - - - --- - --- ----- - - - --- -_- --- --- ------ -_- --- - --- - - - - ------ -~ Who Whose Why - -~- - ----- - - --- - ---~-_-_ - --- - - - -- _-_ - - --- - ..-"'_Which- - - --_ - ----_-- ---,--- --- -- -- - - --- -~-,-- -----__ ---------.,...-

Complete the questions with the words from the box. When (x2)

Eg

'VY.~.~~~

is he now? 5 6 7 8 is the boss angry? taught you English at school? is happening? did you arrive at the station?

............................... car is that? 2 3 4 film did you like? is she going to visit her sister? much milk did the baby drink?

Choose the correct answer.
Eg 1 2 3 4 5 Which book you prefer

/~?

Which assistant did help / helped you? Which flowers do grow / grow well in your garden? Which DVD did you watch / you watched last night? Which pizza you made / did you make? Which train does go / goes to Moscow?

Match the questions with the answers.
Eg Where is the station? Howald is Natasha? a b c d e I think it belongs to Julia. An hour ago. Two. Near my house. Very well, thank you. The biggest one. g h About my age. My cousin, Lee. Because it is fast. On the table. k Two kilos.

2 3
4 5 6 7 8 9 10

When did you ring him? Whose watch is that? Why do you go by train? How are you? Which table did you buy? Who drives that white car? How many museums did you visit? How much sugar do we need? Where did you put the knife?

88

Question Words 19

Write questions. The underlined words are the answers.
Eg

.w.r.Y.J!!R.JfQ.l!..W.f?W.YRYr..9.Rf#?
I wore my coat because

.

it was cold?
4

1 I took that photo last month. 2 I bought the carpet in a little shop in town.

The yellow bicycle is the cheapest of all. 5 There were hundreds of people at the meeting.

3
Victor opened all the windows.

6
She comes from Brazil.

Pairwork
I I I

t

Work with a partner. Take turns to ask and answer questions aoout your family and frjends. Use words from this unit.

Writing
Write an e-mail to a friend who moved into another house two weeks ago. Ask him/her questions about it.

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It Co, It Beec

,T"

Fr.mol;=====""'!;!,!j1

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89

Present Perfect Simple: Regular and Irregular Verbs
I'VE FORGOTTEII AU

m PASSWORDS!

Present Perfect Simple: Regular Verbs
Affirmative I have (I've) decided you have (you've) decided he has (he's) decided she has (she's) decided it has (it's) decided we have (we've) decided you have (you've) decided they have (they've) decided Negative I have not (haven't) decided you have not (haven't) decided he has not (hasn't) decided she has not (hasn't) decided it has not (hasn't) decided we have not (haven't) decided you have not (haven't) decided they have not (haven't) decided Question Have I decided? Have you decided? Has he decided? Has she decided? Has it decided? Have we decided? Have you decided? Have they decided? Short answers Yes, I have. Yes, you have. Yes, he has. Yes, she has. Yes, it has. Yes, we have. Yes, you have. Yes, they have. No, No, No, No, No, No, No, No, I haven't. you haven't. he hasn't. she hasn't. it hasn't. we haven't. you haven't. they haven't. We use the Present Perfect Simple to talk about: .. things that happened in the past, when we don't say when they happened. Sometimes we use the word already. We often use it to talk about our experiences. I have already cooked the meat. He has talked to his brother about it. .. things which finished a short time ago. We often use the word just. They have just painted the dining room walls. We have just asked them for help . .. things that have not finished. We often use the word yet. We use yet in negative sentences and questions. I haven't looked at the newspaper yet. Have you finished your lunch? We form the Present Perfect Simple of regular verbs with have/has and the past participle of the main verb. We form the past participle of regular verbs with the ending -ed, as we do for the Past Simple. The same spelling rules apply (see Unit 13). We put the word not after the word have/has to make the negative form. I haven't cleaned the bathroom. She has not started work. We put the word have/has before the subject to ask a question. Has she acted in a film? Have you washed all the socks?

90

Present perfect Simple: RegaJar aud Irregular Verbs

20

Complete the sentences with the Present Perfect Simple.
Eg Natalie The train 2 you

J:1.?§.t!:rp.?/~~P

me yet. (call) yet. (not arrive) Yolanda and Carmen to dinner? (invite) the boxes up to the bedroom yet. (not carry)

3
4

I
We They you We The shop

Brazil twice. (visit) for the English exam. (not study) the living room yet? (decorate) to the boss about the problem. (just / close) (already

5 6 7 8

I talk)

Complete the questions with the Present Perfect Simple and write answers.
Eg

.t!.9.t. m~y..h~X~!!.'!:
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

!i~~~.~~~y.J!~!?~~~their
.

coffee? (they / finish)

X

football for his country? (he / play) ,/ the front door? (she / lock)

X

your bedroom? (you / tidy) ,/ the piano today? (she / practise) ,/ all the questions? (he / answer) ,/ to ring him today? (you / try) much this month? (it / rain)

X

X X

a machine like this? (you / use)

IPresent

Perfect Simple: Irregular Verbs

.

We do not form the past participle of irregular verbs with the ending -ed. We form the past participle of these verbs in different ways. (See the Irregular Verbs list on page 98.) give ~ gave ~ given see ~ saw ~ seen

Gone and been can both be used as past participles of the verb go. We use have/has gone to say that someone has gone somewhere and has not come back yet. She has just gone to the shop. She will be back soon. We use have/has been to say that someone went somewhere and has come back. She has been to Japan.

91

Complete the chart.

Complete the sentences with the Present Perfect Simple.

Verb
be break buy drive eat go give leave make read speak take tell win write

Past Simple
was/were broke bought drove ate went gave left made read spoke took told won wrote

Past Participle
been Eg She

~~~~:U~?t~[J

her

sandwiches yet. (not eat) ............................. you Ian yet? (write) 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 They garden. (build) He he'll be back tomorrow. (go) to Malta, but We cake. (make) I She week. (not speak) you any good books lately? (read) they him a present yet? (give) a wall around the .. .. a big car. (not drive) to me this a cream to

Complete the questions with the Present Perfect Simple and write answers. Eg

!:'.?'(_~.Y.C?/!;.R.f!.f!.Q. .N9;._(I.'«~.!J.C!.'{~[J.'!:
....

on

a boat trip down the river? (you / go) X

.
any fruit for us? (she

I buy) .I

2

your leg? (you / hurt) X

3

all their money? (they / spend)

.I

4

a horse? (he

I ride) X

5

all his brothers? (you / meet)

.I

6

any work today? (they / do) ,f

7

vegetables in your garden? (you / grow)?

X

8

his old diaries? (he / keep) ,f

92

Present Perfect Simple: Regular

and Irregular Verbs

20

p-

I Thinkaboutit

--~,
...

Write sentences with already and yet.

choose the new curtains X phone Mr Johnson .I feed the cat .I pay the electricity bill X
Eg

read the newspaper X water the plants X fix the table .I

Look at the position of already and yet in the sentences. She has already left. She hasn't left yet.

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. .

1

2 3
4

5

Pairwork
I

------------,.._-~~

-~---~--~-- ~-

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J 1

I
I I

Work with a partner. Take turns to ask and answer the following questions:

f

> >>>>>>-

Have Have Have Have Have Have Have

you you you you you you you

been to another town or city this month? played any sports this month? done much English grammar this month? watched many programmes on TV this month? bought any clothes this month? been to the cinema or theatre this month? made many phone cans this month?

,
J J

,
]

J

I

I

~

Writing

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Write a short paragraph about this month. What have you done? What haven't you done?
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93

ReviewS
Complete the chart.

(Units 17-20)

Adjective
short long good nice big bad angry surprised clever old frightened easy fit beautiful far

Comparative
shorter
I I I I

Superlative
the shortest

Complete the sentences with be going to and the words in brackets. Eg They (not leave) 1 2 3 He She I (see) 4 They meeting. (talk) 5 6 I My friends and I house. (help) 7 We (not send) 8 I the shopping before lunch. (do) many postcards from Prague. pizza again tonight! (order) you paint the about the problem at the ,.., maths at a local school. (teach) the plants next week. (water) my friend in hospital this evening.

'!-F?f].'L9~!!!.9..?~ ..~~?:'!.f?

early tomorrow.

••

Complete the questions with be going to and write answers. Eg ...~~ ?'':?~..9l?!r!9. ..

Yes: sue. is.

.fl?..f!1.f?~! anyone in town? (she / meet) ./ .
early 5 the cafe? (they / wait) ./ your new suit 6 musical instrument? (he / learn) ./ chess after 7 with you? (you / bring) ./ very difficult? 8 alone? any food to playa for us at

....................................................................... tomorrow morning? (he / get up) 2 at the wedding? (you / wear) ./ 3 dinner? (we / play) ./ 4 (the work / be)

X

X

(I I travel)

X

Complete the sentences with the Future Simple. Eg 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Televisions Don't go out! You She I We
1

'f!!.(~U?f!3.

quite different in the year 2050. (be) wet. (get) the children for you. (look after)

a tip because the meal isn't very good. (not leave) your ring and that's a promise. (find) him again. He didn't say 'thank you'. your problem. (understand) the last bus. (miss) to say goodbye before you leave.

(not help) I'm sure she It's very late..You We hope you (come)

Complete the questions with the Future Simple and write answers. Eg .....W.UUtm.y..g.~ happy in another city? (they / be) ./

.Y.~$".th~y..w.!!L .

.
5 6 7 me once a week? (you / ring) ./ any tickets left? (there / be) ./ to be more polite? (you / try) ./ any difficulties in your new job? (you / have)

.................................... time to go shopping? (we / have) ./ 2 (you / get) ./ 3 4 for us in 2050? (robots / cook) better after a rest? (I / feel) ./ some cereal from the supermarket?

X
8

X

Choose the correct answer. Eg WhO~/ did open the front door? 4 Whose dog did chase / chased the cat? When does he get up / he gets up on Saturday'; Who found / did find my pen?

Which coat does look / looks the best?

2 3

What did happen / happened

to the computer?

5
6

Who did they meet / they met in town?

Complete the chart.

Verb
be begin break build draw fall feel forget grow know run sing stand teach understand wear

Past Simple
was/were began broke built drew fell felt forgot grew knew ran sang stood taught understood wore

Part Participle
been

Complete the sentences with the correct form of the Present Perfect Simple. Eg I I 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 They She We He They Be careful. Your brother I

!!~'!.f!..~.I!.'!.

my hand so I can't play tennis. (hurt) him somewhere me anything before. (see) about my work. (not ask)

to London so you can't see her. (go) them for a long time. (know) all hi:s vegetables. (not eat) the door. (paint) that song before. (not hear) the lift. It isn't working. (not fix)

Bewiew 5 (Vaits 17-20)

Write sentences and questions with the Present Perfect Simple.
Eg We / not send / the e-mails / yet

Y.Y~..~~,(_f!.r:.:t.~~:!!'!.f!..~~!!!.E!_i!~.y'~!: ..~
1 they / just buy / a new sofa He

.

2 3
4 5 6

I not read / the newspaper / yet

you / write / the report / for your boss / yet / ? Anna / be / on television I / just run Sonya

I?

J five kilometres I !

I take / her medicine / today / ?

Complete the questions with the Present Perfect Simple and write answers.
Eg /:f.~X.~JIJ.f?r.~ ..9.~~!! NQ,)/:I.?(f! ../:I.~V.?(n, . 5 (they / do) ./ the washing-up? any phone calls for me? (there

J be) X

........................................... which clothes to take with you? (you / decide) ./

2

........................................... the milk back in the fridge? (you

6
7

........................................... here before? (he

I be) X

I put) ./
........................................... his front door key? (he I find) ./ 8 ................................................ Thai food? (you / taste)

3

........................................... which university to go to? (she / decide) X

4

........................................... his number? (you

I forget) X

X

Choose the correct answer.
Eg 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Have

YOUSI knew Gemma long?

I haven't / didn't flown in a helicopter. Have you saw / seen my diary anywhere? Did you knew / know Paul was a teacher? He hasn't rung / rang any customers Has she drank this morning.

J drunk all the juice?

The wind blew / blown my hat off this morning. I haven't told / didn't tell her yet. He has written / wrote that letter a week ago.

S

Irregular verbs
InfInitive be become begin blow break bring build buy catch come cut do draw drink Past Simple was/were became began blew broke brought built bought caught chose came cut did drew drank drove ate fall feed feel find forget get give go fell fed felt found flew forgot got gave went grew had hear hit heard hit hurt kept know knew brought built bought caught chosen come cut done drawn drunk driven eaten fallen fed felt found flown forgotten got given been/gone grown had heard hit hurt kept known win write stand swim take teach tell think understand ride ring run say see sell lend lose make meet pay put Past Participle been become Infinitive lead Past Simple led left lent lost made met paid put read rode rang ran said saw sold shone sang sat slept spoke spent stood swam took taught told thought understood woke wore won wrote Past Participle led left lent lost made met paid put read ridden rung run said seen sold shone sung sat slept spoken spent stood swum taken taught told thought understood woken worn won written learnt (learned) learnt (learned)

.. •

lish Grammar
Learn and Practise English Grammar is a four-level series of grammar reference and practice books. Learn and Practise English Grammar 1 has been carefully researched and planned for students who need grammar practice at beginner level. It can be used either on its own or alongside any beginner course. Grammar points are illustrated in an entertaining cartoon at the beginning of each unit. Each cartoon features Norman, our hard-working hero, and provides a light-hearted start to the unit. • Grammar points are clearly presented in short stages which students at this level can easily cope with. • Clear and concise explanations accompany the grammar points presented and encourage students to study alone and to gain a better understanding of the material. • A variety of exercises following the grammar presentation ensures that students get plenty of practice of the points that are taught. • Grammar exercises within each unit increase motivation and to give students graded practice. in difficulty to provide

• A communication activity and a writing task at the end of each unit help consolidate the grammar points covered in an effective way through realistic situations. • Five review sections ensure that students have a thorough understanding of all the grammar points covered in the previous units. • Five progress tests in a separate booklet allow teachers to assess their students' progress.

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