# As the world turns… Important Stuff: 1. Put 1+ 2i on the “complex plane” on the right.

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2. Multiply 1+ 2i by i , and put what you get on the plane also.

3. Multiply what you got in question 2 by i , and put that on the plane as well.

4. Multiply again! Put it on the plane! Again!

5. Multiply and put on plane! Again!

6. What do you notice about multiplication by i ?

As the world turns… 7. Start with (1 + 2i ) again, but this time, multiply it by (1 + i ) .

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8. Then do it again.

9. Then do it again.

10.

Then do it again.

11.

What do you notice?

As the world turns… 12. Put 5 + 2i on the “complex plane” on the right.

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13. Divide 5 + 2i by i , and put what you get on the plane also.

14. Divide what you got in question 2 by i , and put that on the plane as well.

15.

Divide again! Put it on the plane! Again!

16.

Divide and put on plane! Again!

17. What do you notice about division by i ?

As the world turns… 18. Start with (5 + 2i ) again, but this time, divide it by (1 + i ) .

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19. Then do it again.

20.

Then do it again.

21.

Then do it again.

22.

What do you notice?

As the world turns… Interesting Stuff:

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Let M ( x) = x 2 + c , where c is a number that will change throughout the problem, but will always be carefully specified. A. If we a. b. c. let c = 1, calculate the following: M ( 0) = d. M ( M ( M ( M (0)))) = M (M (0)) = e. M ( M ( M ( M ( M (0))))) =

M ( M ( M (0))) =

B. Let’s say that you were to calculate M ( M (.....M (0)))...) , where you were calculating the composition of M(x), say, 100 times. Would the result be a larger or smaller number than composing M(x) just 99 times?

C. Now we’re going to change c. Now, let c = -1. Calculate the following: a. M (0) = d. M ( M ( M ( M (0)))) = b. M (M (0)) = e. M ( M ( M ( M ( M (0))))) = c. M ( M ( M (0))) =

As the world turns…

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D. In one brief sentence, describe the difference between the way M(x) behaves when c = 1 and when c = -1.

A complex number “c” is in the Mandelbrot Set if it behaves more like c = -1 than c = 1. That is, “c” doesn’t cause M ( M ( M ( M ( M (.....M (0)))...) to spin off to infinity. If the value of c causes the repeated compositions of M to eventually cycle back on itself, then that point is in the Mandelbrot Set. E. Is c = i in the Mandelbrot Set? Justify your answer by calculating: a. M(0) = b. M(M(0)) = c. M(M(M(0))) = d. M(M(M(M(0)))) = e. M(M(M(M(M(0))))) = f. M(M(M(M(M(M(0)))))) =

F. The Mandelbrot Set is on the wall by the windows of our classroom. The points that are shaded in are in the Mandelbrot set. Can you find another complex number that’s in the Mandelbrot Set?

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