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GPS BASED TRAIN TRACKING SYSTEM WITH LOCATION ANNOUNCER

Nowadays Railways play a great role in transporting people and goods from one place to another. An innumerable number of trains are running across the nation. It would be a great boon if we are able to get the exact position of a train at any instant. This can be best realized with the recent technology era. The technology is associated with satellite communication tech like GPS and GSM. The primary objective is to track trains based on the Global System Module (GSM) and Global Positioning System (GPS) technologies. GPS is used to get the position of the train in terms of Latitude and Longitude from the satellite. GSM is used to transmit the data obtained using GPS. It would be helpful for a passenger to catch a train if he knows its exact location. This enables a person to trace a train while sitting in any part of the world. By using the softwares like Google Earth the location of the train can be pin pointed accurately. The tracking is done continuously by the GPS modem and the values are updated regularly in the server by refreshing it periodically to receive the latest values. In addition to this, the announcement of the next station that is going to be reached also be possible. People in AC coaches inside the train are not aware of the station coming next and also how long it will take to reach it. For this, a suitable Micro Controller can be programmed to calculate the distance between the current position of the train and the nearby station. The announcement is made to the passengers before the train reaches every station. When the train reaches the predetermined distance, the Controller enables the corresponding voice in the Voice Processor. This ensures that the passengers get enough time to get ready and also they wont miss the right station.

BLOCK DIAGRAM

GSM

LCD

MCU

INTERFACE IC

PC

GPS

VOICE REC& PLAYBACK IC

LOUD SPEAKER

MICROCONTROLLER

The microcontroller used here is the PIC which is the heart of the circuit.PIC is a family of Harvard architecture microcontrollers made by Microchip Technology, derived from the PIC1640 originally developed by General Instrument's Microelectronics Division. The name PIC initially referred to "Peripheral Interface Controller".

PICs are popular with developers and hobbyists alike due to their low cost, wide availability, large user base, extensive collection of application notes, availability of low cost or free development tools, and serial programming (and re-programming with flash memory) capability.
FEATURES OF PIC MICROCONTROLLER

High-Performance RISC CPU: Only 35 single-word instructions to learn All single-cycle instructions except for program branches, which are two-cycle Operating speed: DC 20 MHz clock input DC 200 ns instruction cycle

16 X 2 ALPHANUMERIC LCD MODULE


The JHD162A dot-matrix liquid crystal display controller and driver LSI displays alphanumeric, Japanese kana characters, and symbols. It can be configured to drive a dot-matrix liquid crystal display under the control of a 4- or 8-bit microprocessor. Since all the functions such as display

RAM, character generator, and liquid crystal driver, required for driving a dot-matrix liquid crystal display are internally provided on one chip, a minimal system can be interfaced with this controller/driver

Fig: 2-Line by 16-Character Display

GPS MODULE
A GPS (Global Positioning system) will give the exact information about the location of the vehicle. Advancements in technology lead to provide accurate position with errors of few meters. GSM GSM (Global System for Mobile Communication) will inform the user about the location of the train.

INTERFACE IC In order to plot the map and to get information about the location and route a PC loaded with application software is incorporated for the convenience of passengers inside the train. VOICE RECORDER CUM PLAYBACK IC The voice recorder cum playback IC is used to save the location names to announce when the station reaches.