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Saturday, 23 March 2002 Students Name: Student Number: Time: 3.30 pm to 5.30 pm (2 hrs)

Seat Number

Q.1 (a) The content of a 4-bit shift register is initially 1101. It is shifted to the right six times with the serial input being 101101. What is the content of the register after each shift? (b) Show the external connections necessary to construct a 64K X 8 ROM by using the following components: 4 number 16K X 8 ROM chips, each with its Enable input. 1 number 2-to-4 Decoder (c) Represent the following conditional control statement by two register transfer statements with control functions: if (P = 1) then (R1 R2); else if (Q = 1) then (R1 R3) (d) Register A holds the 8-bit binary number 11011001. For each of the following two cases, determine the B operand and the logic micro-operation to be performed in order to change the value in A to (i) (ii) 01101101 11111101 (20 Marks)

Q.2 Draw the logic diagram of a 2-to-4 line decoder with only NOR gates. Include an enable input. Give the truth table of the decoder. (15 Marks) Q.3 A 4-bit binary counter has the following controls: Synchronous Parallel loading Increment Draw its block diagram showing only all the inputs and outputs. Show how an AND gate and an INVERTER can be used to convert the 4-bit binary counter to a divide-by-12 counter. (10 Marks)

Q.4 a) An 8-bit register R contains the binary value 10011100. Determine the sequence of binary values in R in each of the following four cases: after an arithmetic shift right; followed by a logical shift-left; followed by a circular shift-right; followed by an arithmetic shift-left. Discuss whether the last operation of arithmetic shift left leads to a multiplication by 2 or not. b) A 4-line common bus system is to be constructed for data transfer from four 4bit registers P, Q, R and S. Use 4 x 1 multiplexers to construct the system. Draw the bus system, showing the four bus lines clearly. (25 Marks) Q.5 A circuit is to provide the operations of addition and subtraction of two 4-bit operands. It should also provide the facility of incrementing to one of the two operands. Use XOR gates, 1-bit full-adders, a 4-bit counter with parallel-load and other necessary components to construct the circuit. Draw a neat circuit diagram and give the function table for the circuit. (30 Marks)

------------------------

Q1 a) The content of a 4-bit counter is initially 1101. Serial input = 101101 We use the last 4 bits (1101) After 1st shift 1110 After 2nd shift 0111 After 3rd shift 1011 After 4th shift 1101 After 5th shift 0110 After 6th shift 1011

b)

Address A0 A13 3 2 1 0 2 to 4 line decoder 14 14 14 14 14

A14

A15

c)

P: R1 R2 PQ: R1 R3

d) (i)

Q2.

S1

S0

D0

D1

D2

D3

S1

E S0

S0

S1 D3

D2

D1

D0 E

Q3

D0 D1 D2 D3 Load

0 Clock

Q4 a) First Operation Second Operation Third Operation Fourth Operation Fifth Operation 10011100 11001110 10011100 01001110 10011100

The last operation leads to an OVERFLOW. Hence it does not lead to a multiplication by 2. b) 4-bit bus using MUX

D0 D1 D2 D3

4 to 1 S0 S1 MUX 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3

0 1 2 3 P

1 2 3 Q

01

2 R

0 1 S

2 3

Cin FA Co

S0

4 bit Counter I0

S1

D0 I1 D1 I2 D2 D3

I3

INR Load

Cin FA Co S2

INR

Cin FA Co

S3

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