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AS/NZS 3009:1998

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Australian/New Zealand Standard


Electrical installationsEmergency power supplies in hospitals

AS/NZS 3009:1998 This Joint Australian/New Zealand Standard was prepared by Joint Technical Committee HT/25, Emergency Power Supplies in Hospitals. It was approved on behalf of the Council of Standards Australia on 19 December 1997 and on behalf of the Council of Standards New Zealand on 16 December 1997. It was published on 5 March 1998.

The following interests are represented on Committee HT/25:


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Association of Consulting Engineers, Australia Australian Society of Anaesthetists Department of Human Services (Victoria) Department of Public Works and Services, N.S.W. Gas and Fuel, Australia Health Department of Western Australia Hospital Electrical Safety Advisory Committee, N.Z. Institution of Engineers Australia Ministry of Commerce, New Zealand National Electrical Contractors Association of Australia N.S.W. Health Department Royal Australasian College of Physicians

Review of Standards. To keep abreast of progress in industry, Joint Australian/ New Zealand Standards are subject to periodic review and are kept up to date by the issue of amendments or new editions as necessary. It is important therefore that Standards users ensure that they are in possession of the latest edition, and any amendments thereto. Full details of all Joint Standards and related publications will be found in the Standards Australia and Standards New Zealand Catalogue of Publications; this information is supplemented each month by the magazines The Australian Standard and Standards New Zealand, which subscribing members receive, and which give details of new publications, new editions and amendments, and of withdrawn Standards. Suggestions for improvements to Joint Standards, addressed to the head office of either Standards Australia or Standards New Zealand, are welcomed. Notication of any inaccuracy or ambiguity found in a Joint Australian/New Zealand Standard should be made without delay in order that the matter may be investigated and appropriate action taken.

This Standard was issued in draft form for comment as DR 96290.

AS/NZS 3009:1998

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Australian/New Zealand Standard


Electrical installationsEmergency power supplies in hospitals

Originated in Australia as AS 3009 1985. Jointly revised and designated AS/NZS 3009:1998.

PUBLISHED JOINTLY BY: STANDARDS AUSTRALIA 1 The Crescent, Homebush NSW 2140 Australia STANDARDS NEW ZEALAND Level 10, Radio New Zealand House, 155 The Terrace, Wellington 6001 New Zealand
ISBN 0 7337 1838 8

AS/NZS 3009:1998

PREFACE
This Standard was prepared by the Joint Standards Australia /Standards New Zealand Committee HT/25, Emergency Power Supplies in Hospitals, to supersede AS 3009 1985. Major alterations to the previous edition are as follows: (a) (b) (c) Allowance of the use of mains supply as an emergency supply, if the normal supply is an on-site generator. Allowance of the use of natural gas as a fuel for engine-driven sets. Requirements for fire-rated cables where emergency lighting and power supply systems pass through areas that are not fire-rated have been removed, because the Committee believes that the maintenance of emergency services after fire has destroyed normal cabling is not needed in all circumstances. However, advice has been added (in Clause 8.5) that fire-rated cables should be used in some circumstances.

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Interruption of normal electrical service in hospitals may be caused by catastrophes such as storms, floods, fires, earthquakes, or explosions or by failures of the systems supplying electrical power (including those resulting from system damage from traffic accidents), or by incidents within the hospital itself. Outages may be corrected in seconds or may require hours. For all such situations, electrical systems need to be planned so as to limit internal disruption and to provide for continuity of vital services at all times. Medical and nursing sciences are becoming progressively more dependent upon electrical apparatus for the preservation of life of hospitalized patients. For example, year by year, more cardiac operations are performed, in some of which the patients life depends upon artificial circulation of the blood; in other patients, life is sustained by means of electrical impulses that stimulate and regulate heart action; in others, suction developed by electrical means is routinely relied upon to remove body fluids and mucous that might otherwise cause suffocation. Lighting is needed in strategic areas in order that precise procedures may be carried out, and power is needed to safeguard such vital services as refrigerated stores held in tissue, bone and blood banks. The maximum acceptable delays prior to restoration of supply varies as a function of the area in question and the nature of the procedures undertaken. Selecting vital areas and functions considered to be essential, designing safeguards to ensure continuity in these circuits, and maintaining the electrical and mechanical components of such essential services so that they will work when called on are complex problems that warrant standardized guidance for regulatory authorities, governing boards and administrators of hospitals, and architects and engineers concerned with their construction. Such guidance is offered in this Standard. This Standard is only concerned with ensuring that, in the event of interruption of the normal electrical supply, emergency lighting and power will be restored to those circuits deemed to be essential (vital or delayed vital) to ensure that effective and safe care of patients can be maintained. The Standard provides for a variety of forms of emergency power plant (e.g. batteries, static inverters and engine-driven generating sets) and for their automatic or manual operation. Requirements for emergency evacuation lighting are primarily covered by reference to AS/NZS 2293.1, Emergency evacuation lighting for buildings, Part 1: System design, installation and operation, and in building regulations. However, this Standard includes some recommendations for location of emergency evacuation luminaires and exit signs for guidance of regulatory authorities and for those situations where the relevant building regulations are not specified.

AS/NZS 3009:1998

In the preparation of this Standard, the Committee was especially requested to review closely what equipment necessitated no break supply. In this regard, investigations and comments from hospital staff revealed that very few circuits genuinely necessitate instantaneous re-energization through no break systems. As a result, most essential circuits within hospitals have been allocated vital (30 s) or delayed vital (2 min) classifications by this Standard. These classifications provide for the use of more economical and practicable emergency power plant. Investigations also revealed that specialist uninterruptible power supplies for sophisticated equipment, e.g. computers, are nearly always required to be tailored to the specialist equipment they serve and are therefore usually extras specified or provided by the equipment manufacturer. Accordingly, this Standard does not include requirements for such special power supplies, the details of which need to be negotiated with the equipment supplier.
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The term informative has been used in this Standard to define the application of the appendix to which it applies. An informative appendix is only for information and guidance.

Copyright

STANDARDS AUSTRALIA / STANDARDS NEW ZEALAND

Users of Standards are reminded that copyright subsists in all Standards Australia and Standards New Zealand publications and software. Except where the Copyright Act allows and except where provided for below no publications or software produced by Standards Australia or Standards New Zealand may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system in any form or transmitted by any means without prior permission in writing from Standards Australia or Standards New Zealand. Permission may be conditional on an appropriate royalty payment. Australian requests for permission and information on commercial software royalties should be directed to the head office of Standards Australia. New Zealand requests should be directed to Standards New Zealand. Up to 10 percent of the technical content pages of a Standard may be copied for use exclusively in-house by purchasers of the Standard without payment of a royalty or advice to Standards Australia or Standards New Zealand. Inclusion of copyright material in computer software programs is also permitted without royalty payment provided such programs are used exclusively in-house by the creators of the programs. Care should be taken to ensure that material used is from the current edition of the Standard and that it is updated whenever the Standard is amended or revised. The number and date of the Standard should therefore be clearly identified. The use of material in print form or in computer software programs to be used commercially, with or without payment, or in commercial contracts is subject to the payment of a royalty. This policy may be varied by Standards Australia or Standards New Zealand at any time.

AS/NZS 3009:1998

CONTENTS
Page SECTION 1 SCOPE AND GENERAL 1.1 SCOPE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.2 PURPOSE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.3 REFERENCED DOCUMENTS . . . . . . . . . . . 1.4 DEFINITIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.5 COMPLIANCE WITH OTHER STANDARDS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 6 6 8 8

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SECTION 2 PROVISION OF EMERGENCY LIGHTING AND POWER 2.1 GENERAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 2.2 AREAS TO BE PROVIDED WITH EMERGENCY LIGHTING AND POWER 9 2.3 LUMINAIRES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 2.4 OPERATING SEQUENCE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 2.5 EMERGENCY POWER SOURCE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 SECTION 3 ENGINE-DRIVEN a.c. GENERATING SETS 3.1 LOCATION OF ENGINE-DRIVEN GENERATING SETS . . . . . 3.2 INSTALLATION AND SAFETY REQUIREMENTS . . . . . . . . . 3.3 REQUIREMENTS FOR ENGINE-DRIVEN GENERATING SETS 3.4 REQUIREMENTS FOR ENGINE-DRIVEN GENERATING SETS CONNECTED BY PLUG AND SOCKET . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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SECTION 4 CENTRAL BATTERY SYSTEMS 4.1 INSTALLATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 4.2 BATTERIES AND BATTERY CONNECTIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 4.3 BATTERY CHARGER ASSEMBLY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 SECTION 5 STATIC INVERTERS 5.1 GENERAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 5.2 INVERTER RATING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 5.3 ENCLOSURE OF INVERTER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 SECTION 6 SELF-CONTAINED SINGLE-POINT SYSTEMS 6.1 GENERAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.2 OTHER SINGLE-POINT EQUIPMENT . . . . . . . . . . . 6.3 BATTERY CHARGERS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.4 BATTERY CAPACITY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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SECTION 7 CONTROLS AND INSTRUMENTATION 7.1 CONTROLS AND INSTRUMENTATION FOR ENGINE-DRIVEN GENERATING SETS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7.2 CONTROLS AND INSTRUMENTATION FOR CENTRAL BATTERY SYSTEMS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7.3 CONTROLS AND INSTRUMENTATION FOR STATIC INVERTERS . . 7.4 CONTROLS AND INDICATORS FOR SELF-CONTAINED SINGLE-POINT SYSTEMS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7.5 CONTROLS AND INSTRUMENTATION FOR CO-GENERATING SETS

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AS/NZS 3009:1998

Page SECTION 8 INSTALLATION OF ELECTRICAL WIRING AND EQUIPMENT 8.1 APPLICATION OF SECTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8.2 CIRCUIT VOLTAGE DROP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8.3 SURGE PROTECTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8.4 MARKING OF CIRCUITS CONNECTED TO THE EMERGENCY POWER SUPPLY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8.5 RETICULATION OF EMERGENCY POWER SUPPLY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 . . . . 31 . . . . 31 . . . . 31 . . . . 31

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APPENDICES A GUIDANCE ON THE SELECTION OF EMERGENCY POWER SUPPLIES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 B OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE PROGRAMS FOR EMERGENCY GENERATING SETS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 C EXAMPLES OF RETICULATION OF EMERGENCY POWER SUPPLY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37

AS/NZS 3009:1998

STANDARDS AUSTRALIA/STANDARDS NEW ZEALAND Australian/New Zealand Standard Electrical installations Emergency power supplies in hospitals S E C T I O N 1 S C O P E A N D G E N E R A L

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1.1 SCOPE This Standard sets out requirements for the design, installation and operation of emergency power supplies for power and lighting for hospitals. The Standard applies to the design, installation, operation and maintenance of those portions of the hospital electrical system in which the failure of the supply from the normal supply authority would jeopardize the effective and safe care of its patients. Requirements for the wiring of the electrical installation for the normal supply to hospitals are specified in AS 3000 in Australia and the Electricity Regulations in New Zealand. The Standard does not cover the special requirements for uninterruptible power supplies for computer equipment. These special power supplies should be the subject of separate specification and negotiation with the equipment supplier.
NOTE: This Standard does not apply to essential services (fire and smoke control equipment, emergency evacuation equipment and lifts) covered by AS 3000 in Australia and the Electricity Regulations in New Zealand.

1.2 PURPOSE The purpose of this Standard is to reduce the hazards which may arise from interruption of the normal power supply to a hospital or portion thereof. This Standard (a) (b) specifies emergency lighting and power requirements for those portions of hospitals where restoration of such supply is considered necessary to patient care; and specifies that minimum emergency evacuation lighting is to be installed in accordance with AS/NZS 2293.1 in locations designated by the relevant building regulations.

The Standard does not prescribe the type or size of hospital or patient-care area that requires emergency power supplies. Instead it identifies those medical treatment areas or functions of which regular usage necessitates restoration of lighting and power considered necessary to the continuing safe care of patients. This identification provides a basis for hospital administrators and designers to evaluate the need and type of emergency power and lighting to be provided in a patient-care area. 1.3 REFERENCED DOCUMENTS Standard: AS 1170 1170.4 1359 1939 2625 2789 The following documents are referred to in this

Minimum design loads on structures (known as the SAA Loading Code) Part 4: Earthquake loads Rotating electrical machinesGeneral requirements Degrees of protection provided by enclosures for electrical equipment (IP Code) Rotating and reciprocating machinery Mechanical vibration (all Parts) Internal combustion engines Performance

COPYRIGHT

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AS/NZS 3009:1998, Electric installations Emergency power supplies in hospitals


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