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AS/NZS 4448:1997

IEC/CISPR 25:1995

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Australian/New Zealand Standard


Limits and methods of measurement of radio disturbance characteristics for the protection of receivers used on board vehicles

AS/NZS 4448:1997 This Joint Australian/New Zealand Standard was prepared by Joint Technical Committee TE/3, Electromagnetic Interference. It was approved on behalf of the Council of Standards Australia on 19 November 1996 and on behalf of the Council of Standards New Zealand on 30 October 1996. It was published on 5 March 1997.

The following interests are represented on Committee TE/3: Association of Consulting Engineers, Australia Association of New Zealand Electrical Appliance Distributors Australian Broadcasting Corporation Australian Chamber of Commerce and Industry Australian Electrical and Electronic Manufacturers Association Australian Information Industry Association Australian Telecommunication Authority Consumer Electronics Suppliers Association, Australia CSIRO Division of Applied Physics, Australia Department of Communication and the Arts, Australia Department of Defence, Australia Electrical Compliance Testing Association of Australia Federation of Australian Commercial Television Stations, Australia Institution of Engineers, Australia Institution of Radio and Electronics Engineers, Australia Ministry of Commerce, Communications Division, New Zealand National Standards Commission, Australia Optus Communications, Australia Public Transport Corporation, Australia Society of Automotive Engineers, Australia Spectrum Management Agency, Australia Telstra, Australia Wireless Institute of Australia

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Review of Standards. To keep abreast of progress in industry, Joint Australian/ New Zealand Standards are subject to periodic review and are kept up to date by the issue of amendments or new editions as necessary. It is important therefore that Standards users ensure that they are in possession of the latest edition, and any amendments thereto. Full details of all Joint Standards and related publications will be found in the Standards Australia and Standards New Zealand Catalogue of Publications; this information is supplemented each month by the magazines The Australian Standard and Standards New Zealand, which subscribing members receive, and which give details of new publications, new editions and amendments, and of withdrawn Standards. Suggestions for improvements to Joint Standards, addressed to the head office of either Standards Australia or Standards New Zealand, are welcomed. Notification of any inaccuracy or ambiguity found in a Joint Australian/New Zealand Standard should be made without delay in order that the matter may be investigated and appropriate action taken.

This Standard was issued in draft form for comment as DR 96261.

AS/NZS 4448:1997

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Australian/New Zealand Standard


Limits and methods of measurement of radio disturbance characteristics for the protection of receivers used on board vehicles

First published as AS/NZS 4448:1997.

PUBLISHED JOINTLY BY: STANDARDS AUSTRALIA 1 The Crescent, Homebush NSW 2140 Australia STANDARDS NEW ZEALAND Level 10, Standards House, 155 The Terrace, Wellington 6001 New Zealand
ISBN 0 7337 0926 5

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PREFACE
This Standard was prepared by the Joint Standards Australia/ Standards New Zealand Committee TE/3 on Electromagnetic Interference. It is identical with and has been reproduced from IEC/CISPR 25 (1995), Limits and methods of measurement of radio disturbance characteristics for the protection of receivers used on board vehicles, prepared by CISPR Sub-Committee D. The objective of this Standard is to provide the manufacturers and designers of electric and electronic components for use in vehicles with radio disturbance limits and methods of measurement in order to protect the operation of receivers used on board the vehicles. Statements expressed in mandatory terms in notes and figures are deemed to be requirements of this Standard.
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The terms normative and informative have been used in this Standard to define the application of the appendix to which they apply. A normative appendix is an integral part of a Standard, whereas an informative appendix is only for information and guidance. As this Standard is reproduced from an international Standard the following applies: (a) (b) (c) Its number appears on the cover and title page while the International Standard number appears only on the cover. In the source text this International Standard should read this Australian/ New Zealand Standard. A full point substitutes for a comma when referring to a decimal marker.

References to international Standards should be replaced by equivalent Australian or Joint Australian / New Zealand Standards as follows: Reference to International Standard or other Publication CISPR 12 Limits and methods of measurement of radio interference characteristics of vehicles, motor boats, and spark-ignited engine-driven devices Specification for radio disturbance and immunity measuring apparatus and methods Radio disturbance and immunity measuring apparatus Australian/New Zealand Standard AS/NZS 2557 Limits and methods of measurement of radio interference characteristics of vehicles, motor boats, and spark-ignited engine-driven devices 1052 Specification for radio disturbance and immunity measuring apparatus and methods Radio disturbance and immunity measuring apparatus International Electrotechnical Vocabulary

16

16.1 IEC 50

1052.1

International Electrotechnical Vocabulary 50(161) Electromagnetic compatibility

1852

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CONTENTS
Clause

Page
Scope . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Normative references . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Definitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Requirements common to vehicle and component/module emissions measurement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Antenna and impedance-matching requirements Vehicle test . Test equipment unique to component/module tests . . . . . . . . . . ........... .. .. . ... .. . ........... 1 2 2

1 2 3 4 5 6

.. .. .. . ... . 4 ........... 8 . . . . . . . . . . 10

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SECTION 2: MEASUREMENT OF EMISSIONS RECEIVED BY AN ANTENNA ON THE SAME VEHICLE 7 8 9 Field of application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Method of measurement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Limits for vehicle-radiated disturbances . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 15 17

SECTION 3: MEASUREMENT OF VEHICLE COMPONENTS AND MODULES 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 Field of application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Conducted emissions from component/module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Limits for conducted disturbances from components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Radiated emissions from component/module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Limits for radiated disturbances from components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Radiated emissions from component/module TEM cell method . . . . . . . Limits for radiated disturbances from components TEM cell method (both the lead frame and EUT and the EUT-only methods) . . . . . . . . . . . . Limits for disturbances radiated from integrated circuit TEM cell method ... ... .. . .. . ... ... ... ... 18 18 23 27 31 32 34 35

Annexes A B C D E F Antenna matching unit Vehicle test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Calibration procedure for shielded enclosure for component testing . . Current probe requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Notes on the suppression of disturbance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . TEM cell dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Artificial network schematic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ... ... . .. .. . ... ... ... ... .. . ... ... ... 36 37 38 40 41 43

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NOTES

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Copyright STANDARDS AUSTRALIA/ STANDARDS NEW ZEALAND Users of Standards are reminded that copyright subsists in all Standards Australia and Standards New Zealand publications and software. Except where the Copyright Act allows and except where provided for below no publications or software produced by Standards Australia or Standards New Zealand may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system in any form or transmitted by any means without prior permission in writing from Standards Australia or Standards New Zealand. Permission may be conditional on an appropriate royalty payment. Australian requests for permission and information on commercial software royalties should be directed to the head office of Standards Australia. New Zealand requests should be directed to Standards New Zealand. Up to 10 percent of the technical content pages of a Standard may be copied for use exclusively in-house by purchasers of the Standard without payment of a royalty or advice to Standards Australia or Standards New Zealand. Inclusion of copyright material in computer software programs is also permitted without royalty payment provided such programs are used exclusively in-house by the creators of the programs. Care should be taken to ensure that material used is from the current edition of the Standard and that it is updated whenever the Standard is amended or revised. The number and date of the Standard should therefore be clearly identified. The use of material in print form or in computer software programs to be used commercially, with or without payment, or in commercial contracts is subject to the payment of a royalty. This policy may be varied by Standards Australia or Standards New Zealand at any time.

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INTRODUCTION
This standard is designed to protect receivers from disturbances produced by conducted and radiated emissions arising in a vehicle. Test procedures and limits given are intended to provide provisional control of vehicleradiated emissions, as well as component/module conducted/radiated emissions of long and short duration. To accomplish this end, this standard: establishes a test method for measuring the electromagnetic emissions from the electrical system of a vehicle;
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sets limits for the electromagnetic emissions from the electrical system of a vehicle; establishes a test method for testing on-board components and modules independent from the vehicle; sets limits for electromagnetic emissions objectionable disturbance to on-board receivers; from components to prevent

classifies automotive components by disturbance duration to establish a range of limits.

NOTES 1 Component tests are not intended to replace vehicle tests. Exact corr elation between component and vehicle test perf ormance is dependent on component mounti ng locati on, harness length, routing and grounding, as well as antenna locati on. Component testi ng, however, permit s components to be evaluated prior to actual vehicle availability. 2 Annex D provides helpful methodology for resoluti on of disturbance problems.

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NOTES

1
AUSTRALIAN/NEW ZEALAND STANDARD LIMITS AND METHODS OF MEASUREMENT OF RADIO DISTURBANCE CHARACTERISTICS FOR THE PROTECTION OF RECEIVERS USED ON BOARD VEHICLES Section 1: General

Scope

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This standard contains limits 1) and procedures for the measurement of radio disturbances in the frequency range of 150 kHz to 1 000 MHz. The standard applies to any electronic/electrical component intended for use in vehicles and large devices. Refer to International Telecommunications Union (ITU) publications for details of frequency allocations. The limits are intended to provide protection for receivers installed in a vehicle from disturbances produced by components/modules in the same vehicle2 ). The methods and limits for a complete vehicle are in Section 2 and the methods and limits for components/modules are in Section 3. The receiver types to be protected are: sound and television receivers3 ), land mobile radio, radio telephone, amateur and citizens radio. For the purpose of this standard, a vehicle is a machine which is self-propelled. Vehicles include (but are not limited to) passenger cars, trucks, agricultural tractors and snow mobiles. The limits in this standard are recommended and subject to modification as agreed between the vehicle manufacturer and the component supplier. This standard is also intended to be applied by manufacturers and suppliers of components and equipment which are to be added and connected to the vehicle harness or to an on-board power connector after delivery of the vehicle. This standard does not include protection of electronic control systems from radio frequency (r.f.) emissions, or from transient or pulse-type voltage fluctuations. These subjects are expected to be included in ISO publications. Since the mounting location, vehicle body construction and harness design can affect the coupling of radio disturbances to the on-board radio, Section 3 of this standard defines multiple limit levels. The level class to be used (as a function of frequency band) is to be agreed upon between the vehicle manufacturer and the component supplier. The World Administrative Radiocommunications Conference (WARC) lower frequency limit in region 1 was reduced to 148,5 kHz in 1979. For vehicular purposes, tests at 150 kHz are considered adequate. For the purposes of this standard, test frequency ranges have been generalized to cover radio services in various parts of the world. Protection of radio reception at adjacent frequencies can be expected in most cases.

1)

Only a complete vehicle test can be used to determine the component compatibilit y wit h respect to a vehicles limit.
2)

Adjacent vehicles can be expected to be protected in most situations. Adequate television protecti on will result from compliance with the levels at the mobile service fr equencies.

3)

COPYRIGHT

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AS/NZS 4448:1997, Limits and methods of measurement of radio disturbance characteristics for the protection of receivers used on board vehicles

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