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AS/NZS 4510:1999

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Australian/New Zealand Standard™
Isolated electrical supply systems for medical use

AS/NZS 4510:1999 This Joint Australian/New Zealand Standard was prepared by Joint Technical Committee HT/21, Wiring of Medical Treatment Areas in Hospitals. It was approved on behalf of the Council of Standards Australia on 23 November 1998 and on behalf of the Council of Standards New Zealand on 7 December 1998. It was published on 5 February 1999.

The following interests are represented on Committee HT/21: Association of Consulting Engineers, Australia Australian Chamber of Commerce and Industry Australian Dental Association Australian Federation for Medical and Biological Engineering Australian Nursing Federation Australian Private Hospitals Association Australian Society of Anaesthetists Biomedical Engineering Advisory Group SA Canterbury Area Health NZ College of Biomedical Engineering Institution of Engineers Australia Department of Public Works and Services NSW Electricity Supply Association of Australia Health Department, WA Institute of Hospital Engineering (Australia) Medical Industry Association of Australia Ministry of Commerce, NZ NSW Health Department National Electrical Contractors Association of Australia Royal Australasian College of Physicians South Australian Health Commission

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Review of Standards. To keep abreast of progress in industry, Joint Australian/ New Zealand Standards are subject to periodic review and are kept up to date by the issue of amendments or new editions as necessary. It is important therefore that Standards users ensure that they are in possession of the latest edition, and any amendments thereto. Full details of all Joint Standards and related publications will be found in the Standards Australia and Standards New Zealand Catalogue of Publications; this information is supplemented each month by the magazines ‘The Australian Standard’ and ‘Standards New Zealand’, which subscribing members receive, and which give details of new publications, new editions and amendments, and of withdrawn Standards. Suggestions for improvements to Joint Standards, addressed to the head office of either Standards Australia or Standards New Zealand, are welcomed. Notification of any inaccuracy or ambiguity found in a Joint Australian/New Zealand Standard should be made without delay in order that the matter may be investigated and appropriate action taken.

This Standard was issued in draft form for comment as DR 94088.

AS/NZS 4510:1999

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Australian/New Zealand Standard™
Isolated electrical supply systems for medical use

Originated as part of AS 3003 — 1976. Previous edition AS 3003 — 1985. Jointly revised and redesignated, in part, AS/NZS 4510:1999.

Published jointly by: Standards Australia 1 The Crescent, Homebush NSW 2140 Australia Standards New Zealand Level 10, Radio New Zealand House, 155 The Terrace, Wellington 6001 New Zealand
ISBN 0 7337 2480 9

AS/NZS 4510:1999

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PREFACE
This Standard was prepared by the Joint Standards Australia/Standards New Zealand Committee HT/21, Wiring of Medical Treatment Areas in Hospitals, to supersede, in part, AS 3003—1985, Electrical installations — Patient treatment areas of hospitals and medical and dental practices. The objective of this Standard is to establish requirements for the design, construction and testing of isolated electrical supplies for medical use. Significant changes incorporated in this Standard to the requirements of AS 3003—1985 include the following: (a)
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Requirements for transformers are specified in terms of compliance with AS/NZS 3108, Approval and test specification — Particular requirements for isolating transformers and safety isolating transformers, together with specified variations. A requirement for the maximum sound pressure level of the transformer is specified. Marking requirements for line isolation monitors are given.

(b) (c)

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AS/NZS 4510:1999

CONTENTS
Page SECTION 1 SCOPE AND GENERAL 1.1 SCOPE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.2 REFERENCED DOCUMENTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.3 DEFINITIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . SECTION 2 ISOLATION TRANSFORMERS 2.1 GENERAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.2 OUTPUT VOLTAGE . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.3 PROSPECTIVE HAZARD CURRENT 2.4 SOUND LEVEL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.5 MARKING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.6 PROTECTIVE DEVICES . . . . . . . . . 2.7 TESTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . SECTION 3 OVERLOAD MONITORS 3.1 GENERAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.2 OPERATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.3 SENSITIVITY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.4 OVERLOAD ALARM AND RESET 4 4 4

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SECTION 4 LINE ISOLATION MONITORS 4.1 GENERAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.2 OPERATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.3 PROSPECTIVE HAZARD CURRENT METER 4.4 ISOLATION ALARM SYSTEM . . . . . . . . . . 4.5 ALARMS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.6 LIM PROSPECTIVE HAZARD CURRENT . . 4.7 TEST FACILITY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.8 MARKING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.9 TESTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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AS/NZS 4510:1999

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STANDARDS AUSTRALIA / STANDARDS NEW ZEALAND Australian / New Zealand Standard Isolated electrical supply systems for medical use S E C T I O N 1 S C O P E A N D G E N E R A L

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1.1 SCOPE This Standard sets out requirements for the design, construction and testing of isolated electrical supplies for medical use. The requirements are applicable to the electrical supply reticulated to electrical outlets, equipment and accessories in patient treatment areas and to freestanding supply systems that might be used to supply a single patient location. Such systems might be part of the fixed electrical installation or incorporated in an emergency trolley (‘crash cart’) used to upgrade temporarily a patient treatment area to be used to undertake a body-type procedure or a cardiac-type procedure. This Standard does not apply to electrical power supplies incorporated within equipment. Requirements for such supplies are specified in AS 3200.1 and AS/NZS 3100. 1.2 REFERENCED DOCUMENTS The following documents are referred to in this Standard: AS 3003 Electrical installations—Patient treatment areas of hospitals and medical and dental practices AS 3200 Approval and test specification — Medical electrical equipment 3200.1 Part 1: General requirements for safety AS/NZS 3100 Approval and test specification — General requirements for electrical equipment 3108 Approval and test specification — Particular transformers and safety isolating transformers requirements for isolating

1.3 DEFINITIONS For the purpose of this Standard, the definitions below apply. 1.3.1 Isolated electrical supply for medical use — an a.c. supply in which all the conductors are isolated from earth by means of an isolation transformer and which incorporates an overload monitor and a line isolation monitor (LIM). 1.3.2 Line isolation monitor (LIM) — an instrument that continuously monitors the prospective hazard current and that actuates an alarm when this current exceeds a preset value. 1.3.3 Overload monitor — an instrument that continuously monitors the primary current of an isolated supply and which actuates an alarm when the current exceeds the rating of the isolating transformer. 1.3.4 Prospective hazard current — current that would flow, in an isolated electrical supply, between one of the active conductors and earth if the active conductor were solidly bonded to earth.
NOTE: Although prospective hazard current does not flow until a line-to-earth fault occurs, a line can be described as having a prospective hazard current of a particular value because, as a result of the cumulative effect of the imperfections in the line isolation, current will flow as soon as a line-to-earth fault occurs.
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