AS/NZS 60695.2.

10:2001

AS/NZS 60695.2.10

Australian/New Zealand Standard™
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Fire hazard testing— Part 2.10 Glowing/hot wire based test methods – Glow-wire apparatus and common test procedure (IEC 60695-2-10:2000, IDT)

AS/NZS 60695.2.10:2001 This Joint Australian/New Zealand Standard was prepared by Joint Technical Committee EL-002, Safety of household and similar electrical appliances and small power transformers. It was approved on behalf of the Council of Standards Australia on 21 May 2001 and on behalf of the Council of Standards New Zealand on 12 May 2001. It was published on 11 June 2001.

The following interests are represented on Committee EL-002: Association of Certification Bodies Australian Chamber of Commerce and Industry Australian Electrical and Electronic Manufacturers Association Canterbury Manufacturers Association New Zealand Consumer Electronic Suppliers Association, Australia Electrical regulatory authorities, Australia Electrical test laboratories Electrical consultants Electricity Supply Association of Australia Institution of Engineers Australia Metal trade Industries Association of Australia Ministry of Consumer Affairs, New Zealand

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Keeping Standards up-to-date Standards are living documents which reflect progress in science, technology and systems. To maintain their currency, all Standards are periodically reviewed, and new editions are published. Between editions, amendments may be issued. Standards may also be withdrawn. It is important that readers assure themselves they are using a current Standard, which should include any amendments which may have been published since the Standard was purchased. Detailed information about joint Australian/New Zealand Standards can be found by visiting the Standards Australia web site at www.standards.com.au or Standards New Zealand web site at www.standards.co.nz and looking up the relevant Standard in the on-line catalogue. Alternatively, both organizations publish an annual printed Catalogue with full details of all current Standards. For more frequent listings or notification of revisions, amendments and withdrawals, Standards Australia and Standards New Zealand offer a number of update options. For information about these services, users should contact their respective national Standards organization. We also welcome suggestions for improvement in our Standards, and especially encourage readers to notify us immediately of any apparent inaccuracies or ambiguities. Please address your comments to the Chief Executive of either Standards Australia International or Standards New Zealand at the address shown on the back cover.

This Standard was issued in draft form for comment as DR 00924.

AS/NZS 60695.2.10:2001

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Australian/New Zealand Standard
Fire hazard testing— Part 2.10 Glowing/hot wire based test methods – Glow-wire apparatus and common test procedure (IEC 60695-2-10:2000, IDT)

Originated in Australia as part of AS 2420—1980 Second edition AS 2420—1987 Originated in New Zealand as part of AS 2420—1987 Jointly revised and redesignated in part, as AS/NZS 4695.2.10:1996 Jointly revised and redesignated AS/NZS 60695.2.10:2001

COPYRIGHT
© Standards Australia/ Standards New Zealand All rights are reserved. No part of this work may be reproduced or copied in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, without the written permission of the publisher Published jointly by Standards Australia International Ltd GPO Box 5420,Sydney, NSW 2001 Australia, and Standards New Zealand Private Bag 2439,Wellington 6020, New Zealand
ISBN 0 7337 4077 4

ii

PREFACE
This standard was prepared by the Joint Standards Australia/Standards New Zealand Committee EL-002- Safety of Household and Similar Electrical Appliances and Small Power Transformers, to supersede the general glow-wire test methods contained in AS/NZS 695.2.10, two years from publication. The objective of this Standard is to provide general requirements for a glow-wire test that allows manufacturers, designers, testing laboratories and similar organizations, to assess the fire hazard of electrotechnical products using simulation techniques. This Standard forms the first edition of AS/NZS 60695.2.10, Fire hazard testing - Part 2.10: Glowing/hot wire based test methods - Glow-wire apparatus and common test procedure. This Standard is identical to and is reproduced from IEC 60695-2-10:2000, Fire hazard testing - Part 2-10: Glowing/hot wire based test methods - Glow-wire apparatus and common test procedure.
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AS/NZS 60695.2.11, AS/NZS 60695.2.12 and AS/NZS 60695.2.13 are to be used in conjunction with this standard. Annex A is for information only. Clause 2 has been reformatted to indicate the Australia/New Zealand standard that is equivalent to the IEC standard or ISO standard to which normative reference is made. As this Standard is reproduced from an International Standard, the following applies: a) Its number does not appear on each page of text and its identity is shown on the cover and title page only. b) In the source text "IEC 60695" should read "AS/NZS 60695". c) A full point substitutes for a comma when referring to a decimal marker.

iii

CONTENTS
Page

INTRODUCTION.....................................................................................................................1

Clause 1 2 3 4
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Scope ...............................................................................................................................2 Normative references .......................................................................................................2 Definitions ........................................................................................................................3 Outline of the test apparatus and common test procedure ................................................3 Description of the test apparatus ......................................................................................3 5.1 Glow-wire ................................................................................................................3 5.2 Temperature measuring system ..............................................................................3 5.3 Specified layer ........................................................................................................4 5.4 Test chamber ..........................................................................................................4 Verification of the apparatus .............................................................................................4 6.1 Verification of the glow-wire tip................................................................................4 6.2 Verification of the temperature measuring system ...................................................5 Conditioning .....................................................................................................................5 Common test procedure ...................................................................................................5

5

6

7 8

Annex A (informative) Glow-wire equipment manufacturers.................................................. 11

Figure 1 – Glow-wire and position of thermocouple .................................................................7 Figure 2 – Test circuit .............................................................................................................7 Figure 3a – Test apparatus (example).....................................................................................8 Figure 3b – Test apparatus (example).....................................................................................9 Figure 4 – Test specimen support (example – see figures 3a and 3b) ................................... 10

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iv

NOTES

1

INTRODUCTION

The best method for testing electrotechnical products with regard to fire hazard is to duplicate exactly the conditions occurring in practice. In most instances, this is not possible. Accordingly, for practical reasons, the testing of electrotechnical products with regard to fire hazard is best conducted by simulating as closely as possible the actual effects occurring in practice. Parts of electrotechnical equipment which might be exposed to excessive thermal stress due to electric effects and the deterioration of which might impair the safety of the equipment must not be unduly affected by heat and by fire generated within the equipment. Parts of insulating material or of other solid combustible material which are liable to propagate flames inside the equipment may be ignited by glowing wires or glowing elements. Under certain conditions (for example, a fault current flowing through a wire, overloading of components, and bad connections), certain elements may attain a temperature such that they will ignite parts in their vicinity.

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COPYRIGHT

2

AUSTRALIAN/NEW ZEALAND STANDARD FIRE HAZARD TESTING – Part 2-10: Glowing/hot-wire based test methods – Glow-wire apparatus and common test procedure
1 Scope

This part of IEC 60695 specifies the glow-wire apparatus and common test procedure to simulate the effect of thermal stresses which may be produced by heat sources such as glowing elements or overloaded resistors, for short periods, in order to assess the fire hazard by a simulation technique.
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The test described in this standard is applicable to electrotechnical equipment, its subassemblies and components, and may also be applied to solid electrical insulating materials or other solid combustible materials. One of the responsibilities of a technical committee is, wherever applicable, to make use of basic safety publications in the preparation of its publications.

2

Normative references

The following normative documents contain provisions which, through reference in this text, constitute provisions of this part of IEC 60695. For dated references, subsequent amendments to, or revisions of, any of these publications do not apply. However, parties to agreements based on this part of IEC 60695 are encouraged to investigate the possibility of applying the most recent editions of the normative documents indicated below. For undated references, the latest edition of the normative document referred to applies. Members of IEC and ISO maintain registers of currently valid International Standards. IEC or ISO standard IEC 60584-1 IEC 60584-2 IEC 60695-2-11 Year Title AU/NZ standard Year

1995 1982 2000

Thermocouples – Part 1: Reference tables Thermocouples – Part 2: Tolerances Fire hazard testing – Part 2-11: Glowing/hot-wire based test methods – Glow wire flammability test methods for end-products Fire hazard testing – Part 2-12: Glowing/hot-wire based test methods – Glow wire flammability test method for materials Fire hazard testing – Part 2-13: Glowing/hot-wire based test methods – Glow wire ignitability test method for materials Paper, board, pulp and related terms – Vocabulary Fire safety – Vocabulary COPYRIGHT AS/NZS 60695.2.11 2001

IEC 60695-2-12

2000

AS/NZS 60695.2.12

2001

IEC 60695-2-13

2000

AS/NZS 60695.2.13

2001

ISO 4046 ISO/IEC 13943

1978 2000

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AS/NZS 60695.2.10:2001, Fire hazard testing Glowing/hot wire based test methods - Glow-wire apparatus and common test procedure

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