Alen E.

Alano BSN 3

1

ARTICLE

Air Travel May Increase The Risk Of Cardiac Arrhythmia And Heartbeat Irregularities
Posted Mar 08 2010 1:23pm

Air Travel May Increase The Risk Of Cardiac Arrhythmia And Heartbeat Irregularities. Air traverse could remove the jeopardy for experiencing heartbeat irregularities surrounded by older individuals with a yesterday of heart disease, a new study suggests drug Revatio. The judgement stems from an assessment of a small group of subjects - some of whom had a history of heart disease - who were observed in an conditions that simulated flight conditions. She said"People never deem about the fact that getting on an airplane is basically like going from oodles level to climbing a mountain of 8000 feet," said examine author Eileen McNeely, an instructor in the subdivision of environmental health at the Harvard School of Public Health in Boston. "But that can be very stressful on the heart Acticin lice. Particularly for those who are older and have underlying cardiac disease". McNeely and her troupe are slated to largesse their findings Thursday at the American Heart Association's Cardiovascular Disease Epidemiology and Prevention annual colloquium in San Francisco Anti-Depressant/Anti-Anxiety. The authors well-known that the tally one cause for inflight medical emergencies is fainting, and that belief faint and/or muddled has previously been associated with high altitude imperilment and heartbeat irregularity, even among elite athletes and otherwise vigorous individuals. To assess how routine commercial air voyage might affect cardiac health, McNeely and her colleagues gathered a set apart of 40 men and women and placed them in a hypobaric reception room that simulated the atmospheric environment that a passenger would typically sagacity while flying at an altitude of 7000 feet sickness. The unexceptional age of the participants was 64, and one-third had been before diagnosed with heart disease. Over the course of two days, all of the participants were exposed to two five-hour sessions in the hypobaric chamber: one reflecting simulated departure conditions and the other reflecting the atmospheric conditions proficient while at deep blue sea level NeoSize XL natural. Throughout the experiment, the scrutiny team monitored both respiratory and verve rhythms - in the latter instance to specifically imagine whether flight conditions would prompt extra heartbeats to transpire in either chamber of the heart. The absolute risk for experiencing very heartbeats did not appear to be greater while passengers were in flight conditions. However, in instances where cardiac irregularity had occurred the authors found that the jeopardize for experiencing a higher merit of such extra

Alen E. Alano BSN 3

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heartbeats was "significantly higher" while airborne middle those passengers with a prior ancient history of heart disease. A total of eight participants with diagnosed boldness disease experienced a run of two especially lower-chamber heartbeats while in flight-simulated conditions, while seven participants with diagnosed insensitivity disease experienced a similar reach of three or more erratic beats. The research band called for further study of passengers - with and without heart conditions - while in authentic flight, to better determine who might be most at risk for such cardiac complications. She said "The fait accompli is that flying at 8,000 feet perhaps wouldn't really be of any significance to someone who is girlish and healthy," McNeely noted. "But the horde of older and often debilitated people you see flying is much greater today than it was just a few years back, as flying has become much more reachable to everyone. And a lot of the standards that were set for wind travel were made based on check in from the 1950s. So we don't have a lot of information on how tell travel impacts that group," she added. She said "I should impart that we can be heartened to know that looking at statistics about medical incidents on scantling airplanes that they're very, very rare," McNeely cutting out. "And this study needs to be done again on a larger guild of people. But there might be some greater chance for certain groups. So I would say that for older individuals who have a cardiac or lung condition, it's merit making allowance for talking to your doctor, and maybe even have some preliminary testing before flying". Dr Samuel Goldhaber, steersman of the venous thromboembolism probe group at Brigham and Women's Hospital in Boston, agreed that although the lessons is "intriguing," it is too early to draw exact conclusions. She said "Because this study is exploratory and small, I mark there needs to be a lot more follow-up," he said. "But it is certainly qualified of further exploration, because I'm not positive that concerning commercial airline flights there's been a con like this one before". Goldhaber added, "We know that patients get pulmonary embolism while they're flying. So we can be indisputable that there is some physiological variety during air flight. But we don't yet have any rectitude mechanism to explain that. So this is an absorbing investigation" Tramaden cost. McNeely pointed out that although the current research was funded in fractional by both the US Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) and The Boeing Co, "the findings and conclusions are those of the authors and do not display the covenant or endorsement of FAA or Boeing". http://www.wellsphere.com/heart-health-article/air-travel-may-increase-therisk-of-cardiac-arrhythmia-and-heartbeat-irregularities/1033514

Alen E. Alano BSN 3

3

SUMMARY The article mainly talked about the possibility of having heartbeat irregularities when we are in flight condition/air travel. It talked about a study that was conducted in American Heart Association's Cardiovascular Disease

Epidemiology and Prevention annual colloquium in San Francisco. Which stated thet one cause for in-flight medical emergencies is fainting, and that belief faint and/or muddled has previously been associated with high altitude imperilment and heartbeat irregularity.

They did this by gathering a set apart of 40 men and women and placed them in a hypobaric reception room which simulated the atmospheric environment that a passenger would typically experience while flying at an altitude of 7000 feet. The unexceptional age of the participants was 64, and one-third had been before diagnosed with heart disease. They were exposed in this environment for 2 sessions that is 5 hours per session. The team monitored both respiratory and verve rhythms - in the latter instance to specifically imagine whether flight conditions would prompt extra heartbeats to transpire in either chamber of the heart.

The absolute risk for experiencing very heartbeats did not appear to be greater while passengers were in flight conditions. However, in instances where cardiac irregularity had occurred the authors found that the jeopardize for experiencing a higher merit of such extra heartbeats was "significantly higher" while airborne middle those passengers with a prior ancient history of heart disease.

According to them this study needs to be done again on a larger guild of people. But there might be some greater chance for certain groups. So they said that for older individuals who have a cardiac or lung condition, it's merit making allowance for talking to your doctor, and maybe even have some preliminary testing before flying".

Alen E. Alano BSN 3

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KNOWLEDGE With this article, I was able to gain my knowledge on the effect of air travel to our heart. It may cause heart irregularities and arrhythmia. It also made me aware on continuous studies that is done in order to reconfirm/confirm this possible risk factor. It is essential to know this so that as a student nurse, I will be informed on the possible effect of air travel to human person and other risk factors and with this I would be able to include it in my future health teachings regarding a similar situation like this so that it would serve as prevention on initiating/stimulating a cardiac problem.

SKILLS After reading the article, I was able to see the importance of proper monitoring of our heart so that we would be able to detect any alteration from the normal state of our heart. It showed that monitoring is not only important in a hospital setting but also in nursing researches such as this one. It served as a base line data and a data that would determine our constant and our variable. With this data that will be obtained the researchers would be able to determine the effect of air travel to our heart. I also realized how important is it for us nurses to obtain an adequate, precise and a timely monitoring for prevention of complications and also for the accuracy of researches.

ATTITUDE The article became an eye opener for me that nursing is not only essential and performed in a hospital setting, community, or a school setting. It made me realize the importance of a nursing research. I realized that we could improve the quality of care that we give our clients through research by being aware on what are the latest studies and by seeking new information/ conclusions that are related to the health care system. With this, I would be nurse who is up-to-date and with this learning’s I would be able to apply it in the advancement and improvement of the care that I give to my clients. I realized that nursing is a continuous process of learning and advancement and as future nurse I should strive and be more dedicated to my studies. Never stop learning and never stop caring. That’s what a true Paulinian nurse should be.

Alen E. Alano BSN 3

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Nursing Responsibilities:

- Monitor Vital Signs -Assess and care for patients with heart problems that range in severity from arrhythmias - Able to immediately assist in treating or initially diagnosing a person who is undergoing a sudden life-threatening emergency - Monitor patients for any negative signs of a change in condition, administer medication, help with basic personal care needs, and work with the cardiologist to develop a plan of action for the patient's care. - Assure that medications are being taken and are effective, and make recommendations for a better diet or increased exercise - Keeping up with evidence-based research in the field of cardiac care. - Meets with patients and their families to discuss vital lifestyle changes, the importance of prescribed medication and procedures, and follow-up care.

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