Political, Legal, Economy, Technology and Distribution System Of SPAIN

Submitted To: Prof C.S Dikshit

Submitted By: Ketan Sharma 1121408

effectively an indirect election of the head of government by the elected Congressional delegates. The country is divided in 17 Autonomous Communities. democratic and law-abiding country whose sovereignty belongs to the Spanish people. The Constitution contains the basic principles of the political system and it is the supreme rule of the Spanish legal system. The country of Spain is a constitutional monarchy. . This change has helped move Spain to a more democratic government rather than the traditional authoritarian style of government. known in Spanish politics as the President of the Government of Spain is the head of Government of Spain. AND LOCAL. Even though. Spain is legally a central country. each with its own Parliament and Government. 1978.Political & Legal Political The Spanish Constitution was approved by the Spanish parliament on October 31. The politic form of the Spanish State is the Parliamentary Monarchy. the foreign investor will find the many levels of administrations in Spain very similar to those on a federal country as the United States. The current office is established under the Constitution of 1978. In the last twenty years Spain has adopted a three-tier government: CENTRAL. REGIONAL. Spain is defined by Constitution as a social. The King of Spain nominates a candidate for the presidency that stands before the Congress of Deputies for a Vote of Confidence in a process known as a Congressional Investiture. ratified by national referendum on December 6th1978. Even though the Constitution defines Spain as unitary and permanent it also recognizes and guarantees the principle of autonomy of nationalities and regions. The King is the Head of State and exercises only the functions expressly attributed to him by the Constitution and the laws. The Prime Minister of Spain.

BICAMERAL CORTES  Lower House     Congress of Deputies 350 Members More Power than the Upper House Upper House   The Senate 259 Members REGIONAL GOVERNMENT 1. EXECUTIVE    Prime Minister appointed by Monarch with approval of Bicameral Cortes Deputy Prime Minister Cabinet Members 3. CONSTITUTIONAL MONARCHY    Monarch is the head of the state Is the figurehead of International affairs Politically neutral and unaffiliated 2. Autonomous Communities  17 self governed Unicameral Regional Parliaments .CENTRAL GOVERNMENT 1.

Provinces    50 separate Provinces Ensure provision of Municipal Services Coordinate involvement with Local Government. Autonomous Communities and the State 2.LOCAL GOVERNMENT 1. Municipalities Current King Name: Juan Carlos I Reign: 22nd November 1975-present Prime Minister Name: Maiano Rajoy Brey Reign: 21st December 2011-present .

Power is divided between the legislative branch (parliament). It is regarded as the world's 23rd most developed country. 17 Autonomous Communities and Municipal Governments. Spanish Constitution (1978) creates three levels of government: Central. attracting significant amounts of foreign investment. Kingdom of Spain is a Parliamentary Monarchy. Its per capita income roughly matches that of Germany and France. the fifthlargest in Europe and the fourth-largest in the Euro zone. executive branch (government) and judicial branch. Until 2008 the economy of Spain had been regarded as one of the most dynamic within the EU. Spanish Judicial System         Constitutional Court Supreme Court National High Court Territorial High Courts Provincial High Courts Courts of First Instance Municipal Courts Courts of Peace Economy Spain’s mixed capitalist economy is the 13th largest in the world. based on nominal GDP comparisons. the Spanish economy began to slow in late 2007 and entered into a recession in the second quarter . After almost 15 years of above average GDP growth. among the countries of very high human development.Legal     Civil law system rooted in Roman Law.

The reversal in Spain's economic growth reflected a significant decline in construction amid an oversupply of housing and falling consumer spending. before turning posit ive in 2011.91 billion .8% of GDP in 2008 to 9.000 GDP. making Spain the last major economy to emerge from the global recession.432 trillion GDP (Real Growth Rate): 0.Composition by Sector:    Agriculture: 3. and by another 0.of 2008. which rose from a low of about 8% in 2007 to over 20% in 2011. and boost compet itiveness through labor market reforms GDP ( Purchasing Power Parity) : $ 1.2% of GDP in 2010 .1% in 2010.6 billion Imports: $ 384.7% in 2009. privat ize industries. extended unemployment benefits. and loan guarantees did not prevent a sharp rise in the unemployment rate.1% Exports: $ 330.8% Services: 71% Inflation Rate: 3.6 billion Reserve of Foreign exchange and Gold : $31.2% Industry: 25. while exports actually have begun to grow. GDP contracted by 3. ending a 16 -year growth trend. The government budget deficit worsened from 3. Government efforts to boost the economy through stimulus spending. Spain's large budget deficit and poor economic growth prospects have made it vulnerable to financial contagion from other highly-indebted euro zone members despite the government's efforts to cut spending.7% GDP (Per Capita): $ 31.

technology for life”. etc. exporters and investors in Spain are Western European firms. in which wholesalers sell to traditional shops and those shops sell to the public. goods. Its leadership in the fields of air traffic control. a robot which could be defined in historical terms as the first computer. Spanish Institute for Foreign Trade. Sales channels to consumers have developed significantly in the last few years. to more sophisticated methods. Its aim is to link the country’s new technological capacity to the importance of being able to take advantage of new technologies for the purpose of improving personal quality of life. something Spain is renowned for. Since Spain joined the EU. (ICEX) the agency entrusted with fostering business internationalization. financing terms. ranging from traditional distribution methods.S.S. member states' exports to Spain have benefited from lower tariffs than U. the cable car. with an increased presence of large multinational supermarkets. has recently launched an international promotion campaign with the slogan “Spain. although Japanese and Chinese companies have emerged as formidable competitors as well.Technology Technology is not the perceived area where Spain has a strong association but nevertheless Spanish engineers invented the submarine. armed forces and airline simulators. telecommunications antennae. and after-sales service play important roles in a firm's market success. the autogiro (the precursor of the helicopter). and the “chess player”. retail stores and central purchasing units. . Cost. Distribution System Distribution has become a key factor in supplying the consumer market. Spain is the world leader in wind energy production and is one of the most advanced countries in photovoltaic solar energy. automatic maintenance systems. which remain subject to the EU's Common External Tariff. election results control. Today. The major competitors to U.

Indian Spain Foreign Trade India's Exports to Spain (in US$ mn) 3. the autonomous regions have created their own investment promotion agencies and are heavily promoting the establishment of foreign firms in their territories.136.41 4926. foreign subsidiaries.81 Year 2008 2009 2010 . Madrid and Barcelona.03 2.6 1408 -20 1570. As a consequence.8 33. and foreign trade related entities operates in these two hubs or has some type of presence there. some foreign firms have successfully isolated their investment from the major hubs.7 15.3 2317.70 3356.19 India's Imports Balance from Total of % Spain Trade Trade Growth (in (in US (in US US$mn) $ mn) $ mn) 1. The vast majority of agents.The Spanish market is made up of a number of regional markets and two major hubs.6 1785.2 1136. In recent years.8 3681.544. distributors.454.20 4590.

net/f/business/text/Spain/Selling-Distribution-NetworksDistribution-and-Sales-Channels-in-Spain.leadingbrandsofspain.Bibliography   https://www.wikipedia.com/spain/tech/ http://en.org/wiki/Politics_of_Spain .html   http://www.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/sp.html http://www.cia.globaltrade.

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