CAD Drafting Procedures and Quality Control Drafting Methods

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Q-CAD Drafting Procedures Customer Profile Data Layering Standards CAD Symbols, Blocks, Attributes Ambiguities and Data Conflicts Undimensioned Drawings Unclear Data on Original Documents Data Conflicts Establishing CAD Standards Drawing Standards Filename - Drawing Number Layering Control Text, Dimensions, Linetype styles Blocks Polygon Layer

Q-CAD Drafting Procedures
Q-CAD, Inc. follows the steps listed below to convert drawings into CAD file formats. The document conversion is accurately performed using AutoCAD, Revit, Architecture and Microstation software applications. Below is a brief list of steps performed by Q-CAD, Inc.

1. Your original paper or TIF/PDF documents are logged into the Q-CAD, Inc. office.

Microsoft Project is used to index, manage and track all documents and log each step of the conversion process. Your project's special requirements are reviewed by our staff engineers and architects. These special requirements often include: layering guidelines or standards; titleblocks; blocks, fonts; hatching; file naming conventions. A technical staff representative will contact you immediately if your project requirements are not completely understood. A CAD operator is then selected based on the project type and complexity. The operator is supplied with written detailed instructions fully describing your project.

2. The CAD operator manually scales the actual dimensions, bearings, distances and

coordinates from the original document and then draws each entity into CAD. During the conversion, each entity is placed on the appropriate AIA, LITE, Tri-Services, or CUSTOM layer, and any blocks supplied by the client are incorporated into drawing.

layering standards. For files written onto CD-ROM. 6. The CAD file enters Level 4-QA where it is visually compared to the hardcopy original document. Inc. Spelling checks. Upon request by the customer. The CAD operator performs Level 1-QA to assure that the converted CAD file matches the original document. 2) TIF images of original sheets submitted by client to be converted.The result is a dimensionally accurate. creates a package to be returned to the customer. TIF. 7. for future needs by the client. Revit (RVT).zip" format. The package includes all documents requested by the client including final electronic files on media. 3) final CAD files. Q-CAD Drafting Process . The CAD file enters Level 3-QA where the CAD manager reviews the corrected document for 100% accuracy. Additional files are created based on the final CAD file: PDF-color. The completed electronic files are written onto a CD-ROM. full-scale. the paper documents can be returned or destroyed. Errors and omissions are noted and the CAD manager works with the CAD operator to assure that all errors and omissions are corrected as necessary. AutoCAD (DWG). 3. file x-refs (when applicable) are verified. A backup is created daily and includes: 1) project profile standards. the files remain uncompressed for convenient access by our users. 5. CTB (color table files for client plotting). floppy disk or prepared for electronic Internet FTP transfer or email. 8. Project data can be retrieved for the Customer at any time. etc. PDFblack/white. WinZIP applications are used to compress each file for economical file transfers. The CAD file enters Level 2-QA where the CAD manager plots the DWG/DGN file and compares it to the original document for accuracy. original hardcopies (if requested). or Microstation (DGN) file. Compression: CAD files returned to the customer using email or FTP are compressed into a ". Once Level 4-QA testing is completed the files are ready to be distributed to the client. invoice. 4) any updated CAD files. 4. Inc. Q-CAD. Backups: Q-CAD maintains electronic backups of converted CAD files over the most recent 5 years. Electronic CAD files can be destroyed or archived by Q-CAD. layered. Architecture (DWG).

etc. blocks. fonts. The most widely used layering standards have been developed by the American Institute of Architects (AIA). etc included in the customer profile are applied to each project. Q-CAD can work with the client to assure that conversions meet specific standards before the actual conversion project begins. Implementation of layers in a CAD file enables better management of visual information. titleblocks. blocks. Before beginning a large conversion project. A customer may also have multiple "project profiles" to handle concurrent projects. along with the specific layering standards.Customer Profile Data Q-CAD creates a "customer profile" to ensure consistency across multiple projects. Q-CAD automatically uses the AIA layering standards during the conversion of a document unless the client has supplied their own set of layering standards. Layering Standards CAD layering standards are essential to seamlessly share graphic information data throughout the CAD industry. When a new project is received by Q-CAD. the standards. This way. Q-CAD recommends that the customer send several documents. . for an initial conversion.

for use with space management software applications. that appears on a floorplan. blocks and attributes . Blocks. For example. Advantages of incorporating symbols.org CAD Symbols. DC 20006 www. room number. Each layer is labeled using a consistent. The major groups defined by the AIA include: See the complete AIA Layering Guidelines A Architectural C Civil E Electrical F Fire Protection G General H Hazardous Materials I L Interiors Landscape M Mechanical P Plumbing Q Equipment R Resource S Structural T Telecommunications X Other Disciplines Z Contractor/Shop Drawing For more information about the AIA CAD Layer Guidelines. Each group represents a layer in the converted CAD file. you can automatically count the total number of door symbols. Attributes Symbol libraries. area. At Q-CAD.e-architect. window symbols. easy-to-remember abbreviation. blocks and attributes into your CAD files is that they enable you to automatically export CAD data into other report forms. perimeter. blocks and attributes are additional tools designed to better organize the CAD entities in your converted CAD files.aia. Alternatively.CAD layers are organized into major categories or groups. please contact: Task Force on CAD Layer Guidelines C/o The American Institute of Architects 1735 New York Avenue.com www. etc. we encourage our clients to submit any predefined symbols. The major groups are further subdivided into minor groups. NW Washington. you can export floorplan attributes such as room name. etc.

The file enters Level 2-QA where the CAD manager plots the file and compares it to the original blueprint document for accuracy. detail references. the CAD operator creates a "README" layer in the CAD file. schedules. the CAD operator uses the background as a reference to create the CAD file. Some of our common ambiguities and "rules-of-thumb" include: undimensioned original drawings. etc. During the conversion. etc. Microstation and appears as a background image. the files are ready to be distributed to the client. however. The "README" layer also goes through four levels of QA and will remain after Level 4 QA only in cases where the data was too unclear on the original sheets to convert. we then automatically incorporate this reference data into each CAD file. These rules also ensure communication consistency between Q-CAD and our clients. blocks and attributes are not necessary. Symbol libraries. the CAD operator also incorporates layering. 6. and data conflicts. Unclear Entities on Original Documents When data on the original documents is unclear or difficult to interpret. Ambiguities and Data Conflicts Ambiguities can exist on almost any sheet and there must be conversion "rules of thumb" in place to handle them. The CAD operator performs Level 1-QA to ensure the document matches the original. or drawings with fewer than 20% dimensions shown on the original documents. The raster image is imported into AutoCAD. Revit. drawing titles. Architecture (ADT). Once Level 4-QA testing is completed. For each unclear entity that appears in the converted CAD file. Errors and omissions are noted and the CAD manager works with the CAD operator responsible for the hand redraw to assure that all errors and omissions are corrected. our CAD operators perform the following heads-up digitizing procedure: 1. 5. 2.with each order. The electronic file is visually compared to the hardcopy original document. title blocks. provided by the client. or 3. the CAD operator inserts a "red box". During the drafting process. 4. they will provide added control and flexibility for your final converted documents. The CAD operator manually draws all entities such as text. The electronic file is transferred to Level 4-QA. The file enters Level 3-QA where the CAD manager again reviews the corrected document for quality assurance. unclear data on the original documents. . During our conversion process. Undimensioned Drawings In cases of converting undimensioned drawings. Our clients can then quickly zoom into the unclear area and make any necessary modifications. The red box is an identifier that displays the unclear data. The document is scanned to create electronic raster TIFF image. blocks. notes.

Variables: A set of present variables can be established for the document conversions to ensure consistency. C. Conversion standards also automatically manage the searching and indexing of large volumes of CAD files. occasionally a dimension shown on the original document will conflict with the measurement scaled by our operator. Therefore. D. logos.Data Conflicts Since. consultants or contractors in multiple locations or by other software applications that work with CAD files. File Name – Drawing Number To easily identify a specific building or drawing. During our experience in the CAD conversion business. we have observed many different conversion standards. In such cases. Such guidelines ensure seamless communication when CAD documents are created. Q CAD recommends that all entities be drawn in Model Space. Drawing Standards Several primary conversion standards should be adhered to during the translation of paper documents into CAD. dimensions. notes. should be placed in Model Space. A title block should be created for each sheet size: A. symbols. the converted CAD files should be saved using a combination of the building name/number and the sheet number. the actual dimension shown on the document is used as the default. or revised by employees. These standards include the following: Title block: Each converted sheet should use the appropriate title block. B. Before beginning a CAD conversion project. it should be added to an electronic index so that it can be quickly crossreferenced and located. Q-CAD operators manually redraw each entity shown on the original document. Establishing CAD Standards CAD documents are used by many disciplines and for many purposes. we can ensure that all of our conversions are dimensionally correct. etc. As each document is converted. The following example illustrates an easy to locate filename . The scaled CAD dimension is shown in RED on the "README" layer. E Model space: All document entities. and sheet borders. many companies establish a set of internal guidelines to make it easier to reuse drawings for multiple purposes. Given this knowledge base. used. we have created the following list of 6 recommended standards that you may choose to consider when developing your own standards.

Q-CAD automatically uses the AIA layering standards during the conversion of a document unless a different set of standards has been provided by our client. Structural Furniture.DWG Where: E=Drawing Type (such as E=Electrical) JH=Building number/name (such as Johnson Hall) 0101=Drawing sequence number (sheet number) 01=Revision number or letter Drawing Types Architectural Base Electrical Flow Diagram Layouts Piping Fire Protection Letter B E N L P S Drawing Types Civil. Interiors Mechanical Utilities Machinery Reflected Ceiling Letter C F H M R Layering Control The most widely used set of layering standards was developed by the American Institute of Architects (AIA). a four letter Minor Group and a four letter Modifier.convention: Format: EJH00101. easy-to-remember abbreviation. The major groups defined by the AIA include: See the complete AIA Layering Guidelines A Architectural C Civil E Electrical F Fire Protection G General H Hazardous Materials I Interiors L Landscape M Mechanical P Plumbing Q Equipment R Resource S Structural T Telecommunications . The AIA Long Format consists of a single letter Major Group. Each layer is labeled using a consistent.

The following illustrates a text style: Example: 08ROMANS15 Where: 08=width factor=0. or AIA layering standards are not available. a standard text height should be defined.8 1. This means that all objects assigned to a specific layer should be the same color. the need to create a new layer can arise in cases when custom defined. Linetype Styles Standard text fonts are ROMANS and ROMAND. Typically.0 . Dimensions. Typically. any unused drawing layers should be purged from the converted CAD document. Often. Occasionally. the text width should be flexible to accommodate the contents of each sheet. however.8=width of letter ROMANS=font 15=oblique angle (omitted when set to 0) Text Styles 08ROMANS 0ROMANS Font File ROMANS ROMANS Width 0. in the case of a crowded sheet it may become necessary to adjust the text width to properly fit the text on the sheet.X Other Disciplines Z Contractor/Shop Drawing The colors for each layer should be consistent and all objects shall be drawn in color BYLAYER. Text.

such as doors.1 Blocks Blocks are common for repetitive entities that exist on a document. This legend should define all blocks. contractors. Blocks should be created on Layer 0 and then inserted onto their correct layer in the drawing. All blocks should be listed in the drawing index. Architects and planners often need facility data such as the area square footage of a room or a section of a building. a structural engineer may need to find the cross-sectional area of a beam. The polygon layer then enables the export of precise information about the drawing such as room area. To ensure that all employees. etc. windows. we recommend that a block legend be created. location of an object. Whereas. it must appear as the same block "X" in all other drawings. When the block is inserted. Blocks should be consistent among all drawings included in a set of plans or a project. perimeter. toilets. while unreferenced blocks should be purged from the drawing. it should be re-scaled to match the scale of the current drawing. The CAD operator simply draws a closed polygon over the top of each room and over the entire building. Polygon Layer CAD documents are often used by other software applications that work with CAD files. that can be used with other software applications. For example. The solution: add a polygon layer to the document.06ROMANS ROMANS 0. . etc. and consultants use a consistent set of defined blocks. if a call-out block "X" is used in one drawing.

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