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CAD Drafting Procedures and Quality Control Drafting Methods

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Q-CAD Drafting Procedures Customer Profile Data Layering Standards CAD Symbols, Blocks, Attributes Ambiguities and Data Conflicts Undimensioned Drawings Unclear Data on Original Documents Data Conflicts Establishing CAD Standards Drawing Standards Filename - Drawing Number Layering Control Text, Dimensions, Linetype styles Blocks Polygon Layer

Q-CAD Drafting Procedures
Q-CAD, Inc. follows the steps listed below to convert drawings into CAD file formats. The document conversion is accurately performed using AutoCAD, Revit, Architecture and Microstation software applications. Below is a brief list of steps performed by Q-CAD, Inc.

1. Your original paper or TIF/PDF documents are logged into the Q-CAD, Inc. office.

Microsoft Project is used to index, manage and track all documents and log each step of the conversion process. Your project's special requirements are reviewed by our staff engineers and architects. These special requirements often include: layering guidelines or standards; titleblocks; blocks, fonts; hatching; file naming conventions. A technical staff representative will contact you immediately if your project requirements are not completely understood. A CAD operator is then selected based on the project type and complexity. The operator is supplied with written detailed instructions fully describing your project.

2. The CAD operator manually scales the actual dimensions, bearings, distances and

coordinates from the original document and then draws each entity into CAD. During the conversion, each entity is placed on the appropriate AIA, LITE, Tri-Services, or CUSTOM layer, and any blocks supplied by the client are incorporated into drawing.

or Microstation (DGN) file. The CAD file enters Level 3-QA where the CAD manager reviews the corrected document for 100% accuracy. Inc. PDFblack/white. full-scale. Q-CAD. Additional files are created based on the final CAD file: PDF-color. Project data can be retrieved for the Customer at any time. 4) any updated CAD files. for future needs by the client. Electronic CAD files can be destroyed or archived by Q-CAD. Once Level 4-QA testing is completed the files are ready to be distributed to the client. Architecture (DWG). The CAD file enters Level 2-QA where the CAD manager plots the DWG/DGN file and compares it to the original document for accuracy. CTB (color table files for client plotting). For files written onto CD-ROM. Compression: CAD files returned to the customer using email or FTP are compressed into a ". 3) final CAD files. WinZIP applications are used to compress each file for economical file transfers. layering standards. Spelling checks. The package includes all documents requested by the client including final electronic files on media. The completed electronic files are written onto a CD-ROM. 4. 2) TIF images of original sheets submitted by client to be converted. 5. invoice. creates a package to be returned to the customer. Revit (RVT). Backups: Q-CAD maintains electronic backups of converted CAD files over the most recent 5 years. AutoCAD (DWG). 6. file x-refs (when applicable) are verified. 3. etc. TIF. floppy disk or prepared for electronic Internet FTP transfer or email. the files remain uncompressed for convenient access by our users. 8.The result is a dimensionally accurate. Upon request by the customer. Inc. A backup is created daily and includes: 1) project profile standards. The CAD operator performs Level 1-QA to assure that the converted CAD file matches the original document. The CAD file enters Level 4-QA where it is visually compared to the hardcopy original document. Errors and omissions are noted and the CAD manager works with the CAD operator to assure that all errors and omissions are corrected as necessary.zip" format. layered. the paper documents can be returned or destroyed. 7. Q-CAD Drafting Process . original hardcopies (if requested).

Customer Profile Data Q-CAD creates a "customer profile" to ensure consistency across multiple projects. for an initial conversion. The most widely used layering standards have been developed by the American Institute of Architects (AIA). fonts. along with the specific layering standards. the standards. Implementation of layers in a CAD file enables better management of visual information. etc. Q-CAD automatically uses the AIA layering standards during the conversion of a document unless the client has supplied their own set of layering standards. etc included in the customer profile are applied to each project. When a new project is received by Q-CAD. blocks. Q-CAD can work with the client to assure that conversions meet specific standards before the actual conversion project begins. titleblocks. Layering Standards CAD layering standards are essential to seamlessly share graphic information data throughout the CAD industry. This way. Before beginning a large conversion project. blocks. A customer may also have multiple "project profiles" to handle concurrent projects. Q-CAD recommends that the customer send several documents. .

blocks and attributes into your CAD files is that they enable you to automatically export CAD data into other report forms. window symbols. you can automatically count the total number of door symbols.org CAD Symbols. easy-to-remember abbreviation. For example. blocks and attributes . blocks and attributes are additional tools designed to better organize the CAD entities in your converted CAD files. Advantages of incorporating symbols.e-architect. area. Each layer is labeled using a consistent. you can export floorplan attributes such as room name. perimeter. The major groups defined by the AIA include: See the complete AIA Layering Guidelines A Architectural C Civil E Electrical F Fire Protection G General H Hazardous Materials I L Interiors Landscape M Mechanical P Plumbing Q Equipment R Resource S Structural T Telecommunications X Other Disciplines Z Contractor/Shop Drawing For more information about the AIA CAD Layer Guidelines.aia. DC 20006 www. please contact: Task Force on CAD Layer Guidelines C/o The American Institute of Architects 1735 New York Avenue. NW Washington. etc. etc. that appears on a floorplan. Blocks. for use with space management software applications. Each group represents a layer in the converted CAD file. Attributes Symbol libraries. room number. Alternatively. The major groups are further subdivided into minor groups. At Q-CAD.com www.CAD layers are organized into major categories or groups. we encourage our clients to submit any predefined symbols.

with each order. blocks and attributes are not necessary. and data conflicts. For each unclear entity that appears in the converted CAD file. Undimensioned Drawings In cases of converting undimensioned drawings. 4. the CAD operator uses the background as a reference to create the CAD file. 5. 6. the files are ready to be distributed to the client. etc. These rules also ensure communication consistency between Q-CAD and our clients. Microstation and appears as a background image. our CAD operators perform the following heads-up digitizing procedure: 1. Unclear Entities on Original Documents When data on the original documents is unclear or difficult to interpret. Ambiguities and Data Conflicts Ambiguities can exist on almost any sheet and there must be conversion "rules of thumb" in place to handle them. The electronic file is transferred to Level 4-QA. 2. The CAD operator manually draws all entities such as text. The "README" layer also goes through four levels of QA and will remain after Level 4 QA only in cases where the data was too unclear on the original sheets to convert. Our clients can then quickly zoom into the unclear area and make any necessary modifications. or 3. the CAD operator creates a "README" layer in the CAD file. unclear data on the original documents. The CAD operator performs Level 1-QA to ensure the document matches the original. During the conversion. During our conversion process. however. drawing titles. blocks. Some of our common ambiguities and "rules-of-thumb" include: undimensioned original drawings. Once Level 4-QA testing is completed. The file enters Level 3-QA where the CAD manager again reviews the corrected document for quality assurance. we then automatically incorporate this reference data into each CAD file. . notes. During the drafting process. they will provide added control and flexibility for your final converted documents. The document is scanned to create electronic raster TIFF image. Symbol libraries. The red box is an identifier that displays the unclear data. etc. title blocks. the CAD operator also incorporates layering. Errors and omissions are noted and the CAD manager works with the CAD operator responsible for the hand redraw to assure that all errors and omissions are corrected. or drawings with fewer than 20% dimensions shown on the original documents. Revit. schedules. Architecture (ADT). The raster image is imported into AutoCAD. The electronic file is visually compared to the hardcopy original document. the CAD operator inserts a "red box". detail references. The file enters Level 2-QA where the CAD manager plots the file and compares it to the original blueprint document for accuracy. provided by the client.

Data Conflicts Since. Q-CAD operators manually redraw each entity shown on the original document. and sheet borders. Drawing Standards Several primary conversion standards should be adhered to during the translation of paper documents into CAD. These standards include the following: Title block: Each converted sheet should use the appropriate title block. A title block should be created for each sheet size: A. the actual dimension shown on the document is used as the default. During our experience in the CAD conversion business. D. E Model space: All document entities. Establishing CAD Standards CAD documents are used by many disciplines and for many purposes. the converted CAD files should be saved using a combination of the building name/number and the sheet number. Q CAD recommends that all entities be drawn in Model Space. B. notes. dimensions. symbols. Therefore. Conversion standards also automatically manage the searching and indexing of large volumes of CAD files. consultants or contractors in multiple locations or by other software applications that work with CAD files. C. we have created the following list of 6 recommended standards that you may choose to consider when developing your own standards. The scaled CAD dimension is shown in RED on the "README" layer. should be placed in Model Space. we can ensure that all of our conversions are dimensionally correct. File Name – Drawing Number To easily identify a specific building or drawing. used. we have observed many different conversion standards. many companies establish a set of internal guidelines to make it easier to reuse drawings for multiple purposes. Variables: A set of present variables can be established for the document conversions to ensure consistency. it should be added to an electronic index so that it can be quickly crossreferenced and located. Given this knowledge base. As each document is converted. etc. occasionally a dimension shown on the original document will conflict with the measurement scaled by our operator. In such cases. Before beginning a CAD conversion project. logos. Such guidelines ensure seamless communication when CAD documents are created. or revised by employees. The following example illustrates an easy to locate filename .

a four letter Minor Group and a four letter Modifier. Each layer is labeled using a consistent. The AIA Long Format consists of a single letter Major Group.DWG Where: E=Drawing Type (such as E=Electrical) JH=Building number/name (such as Johnson Hall) 0101=Drawing sequence number (sheet number) 01=Revision number or letter Drawing Types Architectural Base Electrical Flow Diagram Layouts Piping Fire Protection Letter B E N L P S Drawing Types Civil.convention: Format: EJH00101. The major groups defined by the AIA include: See the complete AIA Layering Guidelines A Architectural C Civil E Electrical F Fire Protection G General H Hazardous Materials I Interiors L Landscape M Mechanical P Plumbing Q Equipment R Resource S Structural T Telecommunications . Interiors Mechanical Utilities Machinery Reflected Ceiling Letter C F H M R Layering Control The most widely used set of layering standards was developed by the American Institute of Architects (AIA). easy-to-remember abbreviation. Q-CAD automatically uses the AIA layering standards during the conversion of a document unless a different set of standards has been provided by our client. Structural Furniture.

Dimensions. Linetype Styles Standard text fonts are ROMANS and ROMAND. in the case of a crowded sheet it may become necessary to adjust the text width to properly fit the text on the sheet. Occasionally.X Other Disciplines Z Contractor/Shop Drawing The colors for each layer should be consistent and all objects shall be drawn in color BYLAYER. The following illustrates a text style: Example: 08ROMANS15 Where: 08=width factor=0. Typically. Often. the text width should be flexible to accommodate the contents of each sheet. Typically. any unused drawing layers should be purged from the converted CAD document.8 1. the need to create a new layer can arise in cases when custom defined.8=width of letter ROMANS=font 15=oblique angle (omitted when set to 0) Text Styles 08ROMANS 0ROMANS Font File ROMANS ROMANS Width 0. or AIA layering standards are not available. a standard text height should be defined.0 . Text. This means that all objects assigned to a specific layer should be the same color. however.

. The polygon layer then enables the export of precise information about the drawing such as room area. When the block is inserted. toilets. etc. The CAD operator simply draws a closed polygon over the top of each room and over the entire building. contractors. it must appear as the same block "X" in all other drawings. we recommend that a block legend be created. The solution: add a polygon layer to the document. For example. such as doors. and consultants use a consistent set of defined blocks. Blocks should be created on Layer 0 and then inserted onto their correct layer in the drawing. Architects and planners often need facility data such as the area square footage of a room or a section of a building. while unreferenced blocks should be purged from the drawing.06ROMANS ROMANS 0. To ensure that all employees. Blocks should be consistent among all drawings included in a set of plans or a project. This legend should define all blocks. All blocks should be listed in the drawing index. location of an object. etc. Polygon Layer CAD documents are often used by other software applications that work with CAD files. perimeter.1 Blocks Blocks are common for repetitive entities that exist on a document. windows. a structural engineer may need to find the cross-sectional area of a beam. Whereas. that can be used with other software applications. if a call-out block "X" is used in one drawing. it should be re-scaled to match the scale of the current drawing.