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Solar charger

Solar charger employs solar energy to supply electricity to devices or charge batteries. They are generally portable. Solar chargers can charge lead acid or Ni-Cd battery bank up to 48 V and hundreds of ampere-hours (up to 400 Ah) capacity. For such type of solar chargers, generally intelligent charge controllers are used. A series of solar cell array plates are installed separately on roof top and can be connected to battery bank. Such arrangement can also be used in addition to mains supply chargers for energy saving during day times. Most portable chargers can obtain energy from the sun only. Portable wind turbines are also sold. Some, including the Kinesis K3, can work either way. Examples of solar chargers in popular use include: Small portable models designed to charge a range of different mobile phones, cell phones, ipods or other portable audio equipment.  Fold out models designed to sit on the dashboard of an automobile and plug into the cigar lighter, to keep the battery topped up whilst not in use.  Torches, often combined with a secondary means of charging, such as a kinetic charging system. Solar chargers in the market Portable solar chargers are used to charge cell phones and other small electronic devices on the go. Chargers on the market today use various types of solar panels, ranging from the inefficient thin film panels with 10% efficiency or less, to the much more efficient monocrystalline panels which offer efficiencies up to 19%. The solar charger industry has been plagued by companies mass-producing low efficiency solar chargers that don't meet the consumer's expectations[citation needed]. This in turn has made it hard for new solar charger companies to gain the trust of consumers. Solar companies are finally starting to offer high-efficiency solar chargers, including a company out of California called SolarJOOS which won the Consumer Electronics Association Best of Innovations Award for 2010 for its solar charger, the JOOS Orange.[1] Some solar chargers also have an on-board battery which is charged by the solar panel when not charging anything else. This allows the user to be able to use the solar energy stored in the battery to charge their electronic devices at night or when indoors. Solar chargers can also be rollable or flexible and are manufactured using thin film PV technology. Rollable solar chargers can include batteries (generally, Liion).Malik

a specially designed membrane efficiently spreads the hydrogen throughout the device without pumps. the H3 charger relies on portable fuel cells and is set for commercial release in Scandinavia in December. Being off the grid. the H3chemically reacts hydrogen – stored in containers the company calls "tea bags" – and oxygen from the air at opposite electrodes to create electricity . used to mean you couldn’t charge your phone or other personal electronic devices.WATER CHARGER A palm-sized fuel cell that turns water into electricity aims to make wall outlets a thing of the past for charging up your cell phone. most PEM power devices were too bulky to carry around because they contained stacked fuel cells. before making its way to a wider market including the United States some time in 2011. which take up space and consume energy. Or it can be stored for later use by a small lithium-ion battery that’s included in one of the charger models. Out in the Wilderness To use the H3. When it's time to charge up. About the size of a sandwich. however. The chemical reaction that takes place between the water and the fuel pellets produces hydrogen. Developed by Stockholm-based myFC. To prevent the device from overheating while distributing the hydrogen and oxygen throughout the stack.” said myFC CEO Björn Westerholm. Also. The fuel cells within the H3 charger don't require these extra components because they aren't stacked vertically atop one another. which moves up into the fuel cell to produce electricity. conventional designs required extra components such as compressors and pumps. But a new device called the H3 charger aims to simplify on-the-go charging. the rectangular–shaped charger houses a so-called proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cell. Like other fuel cells. “the only thing that you do out there in the archipelago or the forest is pour water into the reaction chamber and at the same time put a tea bag into that compartment and close it and off you go. The power produced can be used immediately – just connect your phone to the charger using a mini USB connector. It will cost approximately $40 to $50. users carry the charger plus a few tea bags fuel packets containing hydrogen fuel. they are connected sideby-side using adhesives. Instead. Until now. . or away from an AC outlet.

. the main thing preventing people in developing countries from getting cell phones is not price or availability. the H3 charger could also be useful in developing countries. These chargers will have "more optimized electronics for that particular phone market with specific connections that will drop the price down dramatically. CEO of Cadex Electronics. Westerholm said that the fuel cell chargers his company will market in developing countries will use a different design to get the costs down to about $15. But Isidor Buchmann. Westerholm said. there are about 1 billion people in developing countries that actually have cell coverage … [and] if they had a cell phone they could use it. According to Westerholm. but the lack of electricity.” he told TechNewsDaily. “To our knowledge.Off the Grid In addition to making charging outdoors a cinch. said $15 could still be too expensive for communities that earn an average of $2 per day.” Westerholm said. a battery analysis firm.