1 | s‐block elements practice sheet 

LEVEL - I
1. The following gas comes out on heating of sodium carbonate ? (1) Carbon dioxide (2) Water vapours (3) Carbon monoxide (4) None of these What is true for alkali metals ? (1) The stability of M+ is more than that of M (2) The metallic character decreases with the increase in atomic number (3) The polarising power of Li+ is least in the group (4) The ionic conductivity of lithium cation in water is highest Although Li and Mg are different group elements but they show similarity in properties because : (1) Both have almost the same size (2) Both have almost the same charge to size ratio (3) Both have similar electronic configuration (4) Both are found together in the nature The most basic compound is : (1) RbOH (2) KOH (3) LiOH (4) NaOH The heating of sodium in flame produces : (1) Golden yellow colour (2) Crimson red colour (3) Brick red colour (4) Violet colour Which of the following hydroxides has lowest value of Ksp at normal temperature ? (1) Mg(OH)2 (3) Ba(OH)2 7. Epsom salt is : (1) MgSO4.7H2O (3) CaSO4.H2O 8. Mortar is a mixture of : (1) CaCO3+ CaO (3) Slaked lime + water 9. (2) Ca(OH)2 (4) Be(OH)2 (2) MgSO4.2H2O (4) BaSO4.2H2O (2) Slaked lime + sand + water (4) CaCO3 + sand + water

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

10.

Which of the following will form the least ionic chloride ? (1) Be (2) Mg (3) Ca (4) Sr Which of the following alkali metal carbonate decomposes on heating ? (1) Li2CO3 (2) Na2CO3 (3) K2CO3 (4) Rb2CO3 Calomel is : (1) Hg2Cl2 + Hg (3) Hg + HgCl2 Portland cement does not contain : (1) CaSiO4 (3) Ca3Al2O6 Washing soda is :
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11.

(2) HgCl2 (4) Hg2Cl2 (2) Ca3SiO5 (4) Ca3(PO4)2

12.

13.
 

17.H2O (4) Na2CO3.com  18. 19.bakliwaltutorialsiit. Lithium is strongest reducing agent in its own group because : (1) Its hydration energy is highest (2) Its ionisation energy is highest (3) Its radius is smallest (4) Its electronegativity is maximum Which of the following salts is maximum hydrolysed ? (1) BaCl2 (2) MgCl2 (3) SrCl2 (4) BeCl2 (2) Decomposition of lithium carbonate gives Li2O Which of the following is an incorrect statement ? (1) NaHCO3 and LiHCO3 are solid compounds 16. 23. 21. (2) Na2CO3. 25. 22.10H2O 15. 24.2 | s‐block elements practice sheet  (1) Na2CO3 (3) Na2CO3. 20. 26. (3) LiF is insoluble in water (4) Li shows resemblance with Mg The metallic nitrate which is used in gun powder is : (1) LiNO3 (2) NaNO3 (3) KNO3 (4) All of the above Which of the following is a true statement ? (1) The stability of normal oxide is less than that of peroxide (2) Superoxides are coloured (3) Lithium can form lithium peroxide easily (4) Sodium on reacting with N2 gives sodium nitride The oxidation state of alkaline earth metals is : (1) + 1 (2) + 2 (3) – 1 (4) – 2 Which has highest value of standard electrode potential ? (1) Li (2) Na (3) K (4) Rb Which has the highest melting point ? (1) Li (2) K (3) Mg (4) Be Which of the following is an incorrect statement ? (1) The melting point of alkali metals decreases as the atomic number increases in the group (2) The softness of alkali metals decrease on moving down in the group (3) The density of alkali metals generally increases from top to bottom in the group (4) The solubility of alkali metal hydroxides increases from top to bottom in the group The order of increasing metallic bond strength is : (1) Li < Na < K (2) Li > Na > K (3) Na < Li < K (4) Na > K < Li Which of the following metals can give nitride and carbide on reacting with nitrogen and carbon respectively ? (1) Na (2) K (3) Li (4) Rb The most soft metal is : (1) Li (2) Na (3) K (4) Rb The metal which remains stable in the presence of air is : (1) Li (2) Na (3) K (4) Rb In flush bulb Mg wire is packed in the atmosphere of : Bakliwal Tutorials‐IIT | Camp | Corporation | Paud Road | Aundh | Viman Nagar |  Wanowrie | www. 27.7H2O 14.   .

P. 41. 31. Carbide is given by direct heating with : (1) Li (2) Na (3) K (4) All Which of the following statements is false for alkali metals (1) Lithium is the strongest reducing agent (2) Na is amphoteric in nature Bakliwal Tutorials‐IIT | Camp | Corporation | Paud Road | Aundh | Viman Nagar |  Wanowrie | www. 36. (2) Zero electron affinity (3) More oxidising character (4) None Which element emits longest wave length in flame test : (1) Na (2) K (3) Li (4) Cs Metal–metal bond strength is maximum in : (1) Li (2) Na (3) K (4) Rb Heat of hydration is maximum for (1) Li+1 (2) Be+2 (3) Mg+2 (4) B+3 Most stable in ether is : (1) BeCl2 (2) CaCl2 (3) NaCl (4) KCl Electric cookers have coating that protects from the fire.bakliwaltutorialsiit. 32. then Be (4) None Li not stored in Kerosene because it has : (1) Floats on surface (2) Low density (3) 1 & 2 both (4) It reacts with kerosene Flame test given by elements due to : (1) Low I.3 | s‐block elements practice sheet  (1) SO2 (3) Air 28.P.com    .P. Li stored in : (1) H2O (2) O2 (4) N2 (2) Kerosene 29. 38. 34. (3) Softness (4) All Cs is the best element used in photo electric cell due to : (1) Lowest I. 33. we mainly get (1) Na2O (3) NaOH Which one is most stable (1) Li3N (3) K3N 37. (2) Na2CO3 (4) Na2O2 (2) Na3N (4) All 39. (2) Low M. of : (1) Heavy lead (2) ZnO (3) MgO (4) Na2SO4 By burning of Na in air. 30. 35. 40.P. (3) Alcohol (4) Warped in paraffin wax Li salts usually crystallizes from their aqueous solution in form of hydrates due to : (1) Small size of Li (2) Small size of Li+ (3) Low I.

44.II 1. (1) Diamagnetic (3) Ferromagnetic 3. 48. (3) np6 Metallic magnesium is prepared by (1) Reduction of MgO by coke (3) Displacement of Mg by iron from MgSO4 solution 50. NO2 BaO2 and NO2 unpaired electron is present in (1) NO2+ and BaO2 (3) KO2 only (2) KO2 and BaO2 (4) BaO2 only 5.com  .   Property of the alkaline earth metals that increases with their atomic number is Bakliwal Tutorials‐IIT | Camp | Corporation | Paud Road | Aundh | Viman Nagar |  Wanowrie | www. 43. + (2) Mg(OH)2 (4) Ba(OH)2 (2) Paramagnetic (4) Ferrimagnetic (2) Two moles of phosphoric acid (4) One mole of phosphorus pentoxide The compounds of alkaline earth metals have the following magnetic nature One mole of calcium phosphide on reaction with excess water gives Among KO2. 45.4 | s‐block elements practice sheet  (3) Li+ is exceptionally small (4) All alkli metals give blue solution in liquid ammonia Which of the following has density greater than water (1) Li (2) Na (3) K (4) Rb The reactivity of the alkali metal sodium with water. 47. 46. –. Magnesium burns in air to give (1) MgO (3) MgCO3 (2) ns1 (4) nd10 (2) Electrolysis of aqueous solution of Mg(NO3) (4) Electrolysis of molten MgCl2 (2) Mg3N2 (4) MgO and Mg3N2 both 42. is made use of (1) In drying of alcohols (2) In drying of benzene (3) In drying of ammonia solution (4) As a general drying agent An ore of magnesium is (1) Anhydride (2) Phosphorite (3) Dolomite (4) Gypsum Which of the following ore contains both magnesium and calcium (1) Magnesite (2) Dolomite (3) Carnellite (4) Phosphorite Setting of plaster of paris is (1) Oxidation with atmospheric oxygen (2) Combination with atmospheric CO2 (3) Dehydration (4) Hydration to yield another hydrate Which of the following metal is found in green colouring pigment chlorophyll of plants (1) Fe (2) Mg (3) Na (4) Al The outer electronic configuration of alkaline earth metal is (1) ns2 49.bakliwaltutorialsiit. (1) One mole of phosphine (3) Two moles of phosphine 4. Which of the following alkaline .earth metal hydroxides is the strongest base (1) Be(OH)2 (3) Ca(OH)2 2. LEVEL .

NH4Cl and CO2 (2) NaCl.bakliwaltutorialsiit. Alkaline earth metals are denser than alkali metals because metallic bonding is (1) Stronger (3) Not present 12. (1) N2 (3) NO2 7. H2SO4 gives (1) CO only (3) CO and CO2 13. KO2 (Potassium superoxide) is used in oxygen cylinders in space and submarines because it (1) Absorbs CO2 and increases O2 content (3) Absorbs CO2 15. It can be synthesized by the action of (1) NaCl with H2O (3) Cl2 with cold and dilute NaOH 16. this blue due to (1) Ammoniated Na+ (3) Ammoniated e– 14. What would happen when a solution of potassium chromate is treated with an excess of dilute nitric acid (1) Cr3+ and Cr2O72– are formed (3) CrO42– is reduced to +3 state of Cr 18. in addition to water.5 | s‐block elements practice sheet  (1) Ionisation energy (3) Solubility of their sulphates 6. CO and NH3 (2) Low lattice energy (4) Both (a) and (c) (2) Hot water (4) Semi hot water (2) Weaker (4) Volatile (2) CO2 only (4) SO2 and SO3 (2) Ammoniated Na– (4) Na+ / Na– pair (2) Eliminates moisture (4) Produces ozone (2) NH4Cl with NaOH (4) Cl2 with hot and concentrated NaOH (2) Calcined gypsum (4) Dolomite (2) Cr2O72– and H2O are formed (4) CrO42– is oxidized to +7 state of Cr (2) Be 9. Sodium oxalate on heating with conc. Which of the following s-block elements forms nitride (1) Ba Bakliwal Tutorials‐IIT | Camp | Corporation | Paud Road | Aundh | Viman Nagar |  Wanowrie | www. The substance not likely to contain CaCO3 is (1) A marble statue (3) Sea shells 17. NaOCl is used as a bleaching agent and sterilizing agent. (1) LiF > LiCl > LiBr > LiI (3) LiBr > LiCl > LiF > LiI 8. The ionic compound BaSO4 is insoluble in water due to (1) High lattice energy (3) Low hydration energy 10. (2) Solubility of their hydroxides (4) Electronegativity (2) NaO2 (4) Na2O (2) LiCl > LiF > LiBr > LiI (4) LiI > LiBr > LiCl > LiF Sodium nitrate (NaNO3) decomposes above ~ 800ºC to give The lattice energy of the lithium halides is in the following order Which of the following chemicals. CO and NH3 (3) NaCl.com    . Magnesium does not decompose the (1) Steam (3) Cold water 11. CO2 and NH3 (4) NaHCO3. are used for the manufacture of Na2CO3 by solvay process (1) NaCl. Sodium gives blue colour with NH3 solution.

As compared to lithium.bakliwaltutorialsiit.6 | s‐block elements practice sheet  (3) Ca 19. (4) Li Excess of KI reacts with CuSO4 solution and then Na2S2O3 solution is added to it. Plaster of paris hardens by (1) Giving off CO2 (3) Uniting with water 2.com    . As compared to potassium. (2) CuI2 is formed (4) Cu2I2 is formed Beryllium and aluminium exhibit many properties which are similar. Sodium reacts quickly with water because (1) Its molecular weight is less (3) It is stronger electropositive 8. Valency electrons in alkali metal are (1) 1 (3) 4 7. But. Which of the following statement is correct regarding alkali metals (1) Cation is less stable than the atom (3) Size fo cation and atom is the same 6. (2) Higher ionzation potetial (4) Lower melting point (2) Changing into CaCO3 (4) Giving out water (2) Mg(OH)2 (4) Ba(OH)2 Which of the following alkaline-earth metal hydroxides is the strongest base A solid substance which is a compound of first group element. sodium has (1) Lower electronegativity (3) Greater atomic radius 4. the two elements differ in : (1) Exhibiting amphoteric nature in their oxides (2) Forming polymeric hydrides (3) Forming covalent halides (4) exhibiting maximum covalency in compounds LEVEL-III 1. Na2CO3 can be manufactured by Solvey’s process but K2CO3 cannot be prepared because (1) K2CO3 is more soluble (2) K2CO3 is less soluble (3) KHCO3 is more soluble than NaHCO3 (4) KHCO3 is less soluble than NaHCO3 9. imparts violet colour to flame. Which of the statements is incorrect for this reaction? (1) Evolved I2 is reduced (3) Na2S2O3 is oxidised 20. The compound is (1) NaCl (3) MgCl2 (2) KCl (4) LiCl (2) Cation is smaller than the atom (4) Cation is greater in size than the atom (2) 7 (4) 2 (2) It is stronger electronetative (4) It is a metal 5. (1) Be(OH)2 (3) Ca(OH)2 3. Which of the following does not illustrate the anomalous properties of lithium (1) The melting point and boiling point of Li are comparatively high (2) Li is much softer than the other group I metals Bakliwal Tutorials‐IIT | Camp | Corporation | Paud Road | Aundh | Viman Nagar |  Wanowrie | www.

Ca.com    . (1) ZnCO3 (3) MgSO4 20. Li (3) Li. Li. (1) Some calcium fluoride is added (2) Some chloride are added (3) Metal is taken out by spoons (4) The whole process is done in an atmosphere of coal gas 17. K. Which of the following is correct (1) All carbonates are soluble in water (2) Carbonates of Na. Ba are soluble in water (4) All carbonates are insoluble 13. Ca and Li metals may be arranged in the decreasing order of their standard electrode potentials as To prevent magnesium from oxidation in electrolytic extraction process Which of the following salt becomes plaster of paris on being appropriatly hydrate Sodium sulphate is soluble in water whereas barium sulphate is sparingly soluble because (1) The hydration energy of Na2SO4 is less than its lattice energy Bakliwal Tutorials‐IIT | Camp | Corporation | Paud Road | Aundh | Viman Nagar |  Wanowrie | www. Ca. (1) Castner process (3) Le-blance process 15. sodium potassium tarterate and sodium hydroxide is (1) Fenton’s reagent (3) Fehling’s solution 12.7 | s‐block elements practice sheet  (3) Li forms a nitride Li3N unlike group I metals (4) The ion of Li ans its compounds are more heavily hydrated than those of the rest of the group 10. K (2) Schiff’s reagent (4) Nessler’s reagent The process of industrial manufacturing of sodium carbonate is known as K. Magnesia is (1) MgCO3 (3) MgSO4 19. (1) K.bakliwaltutorialsiit. Sr . K and NH4 are soluble in water (3) Carbonates of Ca. Nelson cell is used for the preparation of (1) Slaked lime (3) Sodium 14. Ca (4) Ca. Pure anhydrous MgCl2 can be prepared from the hydrated salt by (1) Heating the hydrate with coke (2) Heating the hydrate with Mg ribbon (3) Melting the hydrate (4) Heating the hydrate to red heat in an atomsphere of HCl gas 18. A mixture of KCl and KF is added to sodium chloride (1) To increase the conductivity of NaCl (2) To decrease the melting point of NaCl (3) To supress the degree of dissociation of NaCl (4) To decrease the volatility of NaCl 11. A well known reagent which contains copper sulphate. (2) MgO (4) MgCl2 (2) CaSO4 (4) CaCO3 (2) Baryta (4) Caustic soda (2) Haber’s process (4) Chamber process (2) Li. K 16.

com    . Its oxide will be Bakliwal Tutorials‐IIT | Camp | Corporation | Paud Road | Aundh | Viman Nagar |  Wanowrie | www. (1) Li (3) Na 23. (1) Acidic (3) Acid and basic both 25. Which mineral was used in isolation of radium (1) Lime stone (3) Rutile 22. Alkali metals are strong reducing because (1) These are monovalent (2) Their ionisation potential are very high (3) Their standard electrode potential are very much negative (4) These are metals  (2) Pitch blende (4) Haematite (2) K (4) Rb (2) K+.8 | s‐block elements practice sheet  (2) The hydration energy of Na2SO4 is more than its lattice energy (3) The lattice energy of BaSO4 is more than it hydration energy (4) The lattice energy has no role to play is solubility 21. F– and HF (4) [KHF]+ and F– (2) Basic (4) Neutral Which of the following reacts with water with high rate KF combines with HF to form KHF2.bakliwaltutorialsiit. The compound contains the species The atomic number of an elements is 11. F– and H+ (3) K+ and [HF2]2– 24. (1) K+.

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