"THE OLD CHIEF MSHLANGA" BY DORIS LESSING (1919) The story began with described a largely unused farm

by her father which it was like every white farm. This farm was in Africa which it was before possessed by settlers. A little child pushing her way around green aisles , opening her eyes curiously on a sun-suffused landscape might be supposed to accept it as her own and as familiars all the nature around her. On the other hand the black people on the farm existed to serve a settlers, to say ' Yes, Baas,' take their money and go. They changed seasons by seasons, moving around one farm .to next one, according to their outlandish needs The child was taught to take them for granted. The servant called her 'Nkosikaas'.Chieftainness, they come a hundred yards to pick up a book if she dropped it In that time there was different attitudes that linked together to declare that in African there was a gab between white people who was settlers and black people who was a native and it effected on their children behaviors or manner such as a white children muse them self by hailing a passing native in order to make a buffoon of him, they could set the dogs on him and watch him run. Laugh out loud, crudely, if a servant made a mistake in his English because of this it was impossible to build up bridge of friendship between black people and white people.The racial inequalities of society The story began in the third person point of view, with a general description of the setting as I explained above, Lessing then switches to the first person point of view, so one can better understand the changes taking place in the young girl by viewing the story through her eyes. Nkossikaas was surprised when she was walking a group of three Africans waiting them to move aside in respect for her passing, even she had a rifle like her armour against fear and two dogs close her they came steadily and her dogs waited her command to chase and she was angry. They are not a usual natives these had an air of dignity. The first interviewed .between her and the old chief who flanked off by his entourage We saw how did courtesy of the old chief influence in Nkosikaas character. After all her proud that she was a white what it means that she has a power and a high standard than black people was changed to new sensation. The old chief offered polite and courtesy and she can not offer same him or more than him. Her concept to have gun was also changed before to give her respect, power, and self-confidence now was for nothing more to shooting for food. Her purpose was for meet black people to show to them her greetings, exchange courtesies like a gentle girl. Nkosikaas realized that both black and white people can meet gently with .tolerance for each others After she and her mother knew that the cook who work in them house, Avery polite, good worker and very quickly to obey orders they said that 'of course, you can see. Blood always tells'. After her left to his village, the white child followed his steps to pushing herself to his village next day. New path for her with a silence of nature she felt fear anew fear. Because she was without gun and she respects a new nature, anew Africa for black peoples as their country .same as her She walking aimlessly and panic seized her added anew sensation: loneliness. Through African nature without known her foot where will take her. In her mind her heart take her to again meeting with old chief to find his welcomed to her researched for friendship with black

once They called Chief's son. this land you call yours. like the Nkosi Jordan."Nkosikass's father stated "Go to the police.people. He said that "All this land. and belongs to our people" and followed his father. because of bad English and to be interpreter to translate for his father and her father." Finally . is his land. then The old Chief Mshlanga spoke in his own language and his son translated it after Nkosikaas's father. Never saw him again .the Chief if he want goats he must to pay for the damage in his land Her father requested money and the old Chief kept repeating angrily: "Twenty goats! My people cannot lose twenty goats! We are not rich. After long palaver Nkosikass's father did not want to argue about it and the old Chief stated "That means that my people will go hungry when the dry season comes.build up homogenous society What happened in the end of the story? Her father's land was trampled down by goats from Chief Mshlanga's kraal and her father banished them by take all goats and send a message to . to lose twenty goats at ". After her meeting she was go back with her steps again to her farm with her hope to .

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