Remembering Dr.

Tayyab Mahmood

This Annual Report is dedicated to the loving memory of Late Dr . Tayyab Mahmood for his Support love A Passion for the Institute

INSTITUTE FOR DEVELOPMENT STUDIES & PRACTICES

IDSP-PAKISTAN ANNUAL REPORT 2005

Table of Contents
Introduction Acknowledgment The Institute IDSP'S Development Interventions 1 1 2 4 6 9 11 12 15 17 20 23 24 25 25 26 26 29 30 32 32

Organizational Vision
The external vision of IDSP is: Politically socially and culturally aware individuals that will create interdependent, self reliant societies that guarantee and acculturate dignified living for all Internally IDSP views itself as 'a regional learning institution recognized and known for its innovative learning mechanism for regeneration of repressed knowledge values and interdependent practices'.

Director Dr. Quratualin Bakhteari Executive Committee Members Dr. Quratulain Bakhteari, President Mr. Lal Jan, Vice President Ms. Kausar S. Khan, Executive Secretary Mr. Zafar Naqvi, Financial Advisor Mr. Ali Naqvi, General Secretary Management and Faculty (Raziq Fahim, Naseem Ahmed, Safdar Hussain, Ali Naqvi, Noreen Bano, Barkat Shah, Afshan Nasreen, Rashida Razi, Ahmed Jan, Asif Lehri, Mohammed Ali) Contact Info: C-32, Railway Housing Society, Joint Road, Quetta-Pakistan Ph: 0092-81-2449775, 2445192 Fax: 0092-81-2441110 Email: idsp@idsp.org.pkl Web: www.idsp.org.pk

Improving Education Policy and Planning Main streaming Gender and Development in Balochistan Information and LearningCenter Khuzdar Breaking the poverty circle of Adolescent Girls and Boys Human Rights Education Program Pakistan Participatory Poverty Assessment, Small Projects Institutional Development

Organizational Mission
To nurture and develop individuals and communities that will change the power structures by demystifying processes of Education and development and generate value based partnerships and practices at all levels.

Facilitation to International Researchers
Publications Networking Coalition Research Fellowship Awards Earthquake Relief and Rehabilitation Courses Public seminars / Dialogues Resource Persons International Conference Papers, Participation Fund Raising

Organizational Goals
IDSP's goal over the next five years is To demystify the dominant practices of education, development & modernity to create dynamics & diverse process of development through courses, publication, media, networking, research & Policy advocacy. The focus is on governance and democracy, peace and security, and sustainable livelihood in support of human dignity and rights.

INSTITUTE FOR DEVELOPMENT STUDIES & PRACTICES

IDSP-PAKISTAN ANNUAL REPORT 2005

INSTITUTE FOR DEVELOPMENT STUDIES & PRACTICES

IDSP-PAKISTAN ANNUAL REPORT 2005 (DRAFT) IDSP-PAKISTAN ANNUAL REPORT 2005

Introduction to the Report
This document presents an overview of the activities of the Institute for Development Studies and Practices IDSPPakistan in the year 2005. The document covers all the aspects of the institution ranging from indulging in a variety of project to human resource development, research, publication and the activities carried out with respect to organizational growth and development. Year 2005 in many ways has been an intensive learning experience in many ways. Consolidating various themes of education and gender in practices, developing practical models of distinct development approaches, initiating variety of processes for organizational growth and sustainability and opening various venues for the promotion and appreciative growth of IDSP its Trained, skilled conceptually clear human resource are performances in various leading national positions. However the year has also seen the complexities associated with growth of an institution, which is normative part of growth to engage a viable learning place such as IDSP. The document thus reflects the growth of the Institutional maturity as a growing organization. The progress in 2005 has only become possible due to tremendous efforts of the IDSP team, the friends of IDSP and the learners. The variety of discourses are appreciated and acknowledged by IDSP partners. The innovations and the discourse IDSP has started are now yielding results. The support to government and from non government is maturing and IDSP is seen as a potential institution that can support government in various dimensions of its operations more so, on the education front. This document is only a reflection of many dynamic, innovative yet practical demonstrable activities that are need of the day.

Acknowledgment
IDSP would like to acknowledge the efforts of many who have been contributing to the vision and goals of the institutions throughout the year. Despite the rapid change, inundated schedules and often intense family pressures kept on to maintain the loyalty with the cause of the institution and in retrospect keeping on the promises and delaying gratifications. The IDSP Team is applauded for their equal share and contribution in all respects. The friends of IDSP, who have been there and who continue to gain immense confidence, the respectful resource persons and the ardent learners who have faith in IDSP and in its people are duly acknowledged here. We are grateful to out funding partners who have faith on our ideas and its implementation, who have given us space and time to experiment innovations. We deeply acknowledge the support of Government of Balochistan in leasing IDSP 4 acres of Land at the cost of 4 million Rupees. IDSP is indebt to CIDA, ESRA, GEP DFID, UNESCO, TAF, UNDP, AZAD FILMS and AKU, INFAQ Foundation for support IDSP's innovations and providing opportunities for its learners to practices development process within their own reality. We are also grateful to individuals who extended extra ordinary support these are MS. Vicki Muteash, Dr. Aslam Abdullah, Dr. Mustafa Maroochi, Dr. Bilgrami, Ms. Zara Shahid Hussain Ms. Zahida Hina, Ms. Marium Mehdi, Senator Nisar Memon, Irshad Mughal, Muneer Fashe, Dr. Tayyab Mahmood, MR. Saeed Malik and Ms Siddiqa Malik, Seemi Zaidi, Mr. Wasif Rizvi and many others. We are thankful to Raasat Development Consultants for undertaking the third party evaluation of our MGDC PROJECT, to Ms. Ruth for selecting MGDC project as her research assignment for her master's thesis in Institute of development Studies England. We are also grateful to the members of executive committee and General body for encouraging and sharing in IDSP'S growth process.

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The leadership of IDSP is not merely a matter of position. It is far beyond that and in essence is the major factor for effective contribution in the development scene and taking the team on! The efforts of all IDSP Faculty members and its emerging leaders are highly appreciable. Last but not least, the Leadership, guidance and tireless dedication of Director IDSP, Dr. Quratulain Bakhteari and her Family is beyond words, She remains a source of inspiration, guidance and maturity for us and for the young people of the country. Ali Naqvi (General Secretary and Faculty Member )

Introduction to the Institute
IDSP's inception as an organization was a step in recognizing the need of conceptually clear, technically sound and emotionally stable human resource development. IDSP's core has been focusing the individuals who would act as catalysts in the development arena and will work towards diversification of the development work and juxtaposing it people centered notions of culture, spirituality thus sparking a funnel of social transformation. IDSP's recognition as a learning institute comes in a variety of flavors. The first is developing a national academic institution in Balochistan which is generally not familiar with its educational background within Pakistan. The second was the trust on local young human resource to lead its intellectual portfolio. The third was to continuously invest on people with little on no formal educational backgrounds. Finally developing understanding on unique frameworks in most cases alien to development such as culture, religion and civilization and starting processes of building self esteem around these themes. The history of IDSP shows the process of human resources development, the need of love and care then the money or power. In IDSP's growth, development and its sustainability only one factor is fundamental and that is love and care for each other as human being first and then comes the work factor. The basic principle of respect, giving spaces, creating new ones according to the need and potential of the people related to IDSP is a basic principle in its learning processes. It is due to this one principle of love, care, trust, and dedication to the ordinary young people that the people within IDSP are growing and developing as well as people outside IDSP is gaining more self empowerment then before. The young leaders of IDSP have understood one fundamental lesson and that is, trust all people and invest in people by creating learning spaces. Today IDSP raises its own resources for its core programs, two of its senior members are editors of development journals, while one second level faculty member is bringing out a research journal. The young faculty members are policy advisors to government, funding agencies, training programs. Each

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one of IDSP member has developed at least 20 young people of Pakistan. Who in turn organizes more meaningful spaces for the young people in their own communities! IDSP has now three kinds of graduates, one that completed six years of intensive education and training and is now IDSP's managers of learning's. The second tier is their own interns who are now teaching and doing projects, they have completed four years of intense education and training. The third level consists of its course learners, interns, project based learners. All its learners will reach the same level as its senior ones. Pakistan needs a large number of such people who are willing to devote part of their life in making paths for others to walk on and then create their own. If we do not do this we will not be the kind of people that Allah wants us to be. That people needs to be understood from their actions and perceptions and not by their symbolic way of life and believe. We need love, care, and new meaningful learning spaces, less competition more cooperation, less criticism more forward looking critique less discouragement more encouragement with hope and enlightenment. We have now more then 200 learners from long term theory practice based courses, over thirty people remained or are in IDSP as development thinkers and practitioners. Numerous sessions on myriad topics have given people a fresh breath of air in our public debates and dialogues. Our researches have been extremely useful for policy development. IDSP's pilot testing course was the initiation of a generative process of learning in various dimensions of development. Its core has been working with the community development workers or the young people aspiring to become development activities. The pilot testing course was evaluated by a third party and feasibility was developed. The 1999 feasibility defined five clear areas programmatic thrusts for IDSP. Certificate and Diploma courses in community development. Synthesizing and applying research Initiating process projects Initiating Public Debate and Dialogue Providing transformatory advisory services PAGE-03

The three years feasibility provided the institute to develop its basis learn by practicing and develop internal systems. During this period the team was built and intellectually and professionally nurtured through one year of rigorous capacity building. For the first time in the history of Balochistan an indigenous group of young intellectuals and activists initiated a high-level theoretical and research program with outside technical help limited to focus facilitations. To fulfill the growth in the right direction and to create the open learning environment the conventional management structures were not adopted at the beginning rather opportunities were sought for developing a management structure that suits the requirements of the learning organization. Therefore in many ways just as the pilot testing course the first three years have been of powerful generative learning. In May 2001 an evaluation was launched for setting the management structure. This rigorous exercise that went on till the end of November 2001 provided the following management structure for the organization. Four program teams were developed i.e. the Academic team, Learner and Community Development team, Internal Development and Core Support team and the External Program team. IDSP keep creating space for new learners to get in the mainstream through the seminars in development block these spaces for the new areas. IDSP's role within the development sector has been creating alternative paths of development, engaging communities and young community workers in an intellectual discourse that leads to a long term process of self empowerment and community homogenization and linking the local with the global. IDSP has been successful despite numerous external threats and internal systemic weaknesses in bringing about fundamental changes in the way development is looked upon. The major accomplishments has been viewing the whole gender framework from a variety of perspectives and critiquing the role of schooling, the mainstream media and the manufacturing of consent.

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IDSP-PAKISTAN ANNUAL REPORT 2005

IDSP'S Development Interventions
Improving Education Policy and Planning Through Knowledge Based Dialogues and Interventions
Program Rationale
Education is the IDSP's focused area and it stems from the intellectual discourse on education and schooling. The discourse highlights the PAUCITIES in the current frameworks of schooling and its linkages with imperialism and colonization. The boxed approach towards learning has been questioned and IDSP during its researches and practices of five years evolved the program. The program focuses on learning beyond boundaries inculcating a process of engaging vast, distinctive discourses of learning in the traditional societies. The project not only engages people well over 13,000 in a learning discourse but provides innovative options for restructuring the education scenario in Balochistan. The engagement with district governments, folk wisdom, culture and literary groups is not only innovative but a bold step to analyze and find new meaning of education enriched with people's aspirations and building on their self esteem.

The Team and the Leadership
The project was conceived by the IDSP Faculty. It was earlier managed by Mr. Shahjahan Baloch who later joined the Common Wealth Education Fund. It was then managed by Mr. Ali Naqvi with the support and leadership of Mr. Raziq Fahim and Mr. Naseem Ahmed. Mr. Fahim led the pilot interventions component and Mr. Naseem led the research component. The project team comprised of twenty four fellows from the project districts.

Project Facts
Project Location Human Resource Engaged Lasbela, Chagai, Khuzdar, Panjgur, Sibi, Quetta, Pishin and Loralai

24, 3 each from a district with 1 woman in each team

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Project Duration

September 2003 April 2006

Funding Support

Education Sector Reform Assistance (Supported by US AID)

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Project Objectives

To Develop local Human Resource for education policy and Planning To increase meaningful community participation in policy dialogues and analysis To centralize the issue of LEARNING in policy dialogue and analysis To build and strengthen the capacity of local government structures to formulate and execute responsive and need based educational policies To initiate pilot practices of effective educational policy processes To enhance research based knowledge and information for realist and practical policy development and implementation. This project is a practice of IDSP's thematic area of radical education and arterials pedagogy.

Project Partners

District Governments, Education Department then started reaching out communities in the districts. In all these fellows reached out to more then 13,000 people in the districts from union councils to district. These dialogues with people enabled a three pronged approach to further the process of learning and intervention. One was to do contextual researches on previously unattended issues to education and learning, second, to develop pilot models that can propose an alteration to the dominant educational processes and thirdly develop the capacity of the districts to understand policy and planning and eventually develop education policies and plans for the district government. District Education Forums are developed (recommended by the people, approved by the District assembly) in the eights districts comprising of district government, district education department, parents, students, intellectuals and the Civil Society which will be spearheading the process of the educational reforms in the districts.

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The Improving Education Policy and Planning through Knowledge Based Dialogues and Interventions is a program spread over eight strategically selected districts of Balochistan. The project focused on certain critical and usually overlooked issues in the education sector. One of the key issues has been reaching out to people and finding what they think of and how they relate to the education system and what other educational, learning activities are happening which the mainstream system is unable to comprehend and synergize with. The project's focus was on “learning” and therefore reaching out to the people was important. IDSP being a human resource development institution engaged young community workers from the field and the whole project was build around them. They initially went through a series of intensive trainings on education, learning and alternatives to education. They collected and developed district educational profiles and

The researches and interventions in the program
S. No.
Researches Formation of textbooks in the context of curriculum Pilot Interventions Introducing Mother Language in middle schools through handouts (Pishin)

1
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Schooling experience from children's perspective Failure of mother languages policy

Transforming Teaching Methodology and role of teacher (Quetta) Revival of local skills through mentoring approach (Lasbela)

4

5

Critical review of the primary textbooks regarding the relevancy of contents with the real life

Introducing the social, cultural value to school going students (Panjgur)

Developing a text book in local language from school going children through their creativity (Chagai)

Main streaming Gender and Development in Balochitan
Program Rationale
Gender as a discourse has been in development debate for last many decades. IDSP was aware of the fact and launched several initiatives to first understand the various theoretical perspectives of the gender discourse. The various discourses on gender in development, women in development, feminism, Islamic perspectives of gender were come into discussion. The gender discourse was

launched in order to enable IDSP as a gender organization and the focus has been on understanding the role of family, community and self, the pertinent questions of religion, culture and development on gender dynamics.

The Team and The Leadership
The project was led by the Principle Coordinator Mr. Raziq Fahim supported in project management by Mr. Ali Naqvi and the rest of the faculty. The district focal points engaged in the discourse were Ms. Afshan Nasreen, Ms. Noreen Bano, Mr. Barkat Shah, Ms. Zainab Khan, Ms. Mussarrat Nazeer and Mr. Hussain Ali Sina.

Project Facts
Project Location Human Resource Engaged Lasbela, Khuzdar, Sibi, Quetta, Pishin and Killa Saifullah Districts

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Over 120 women from the six districts

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Project Duration

February 2003 April 2005

Funding Support

Gender Equality Project (British Council), CIDA-PAGE Building human resource capital through rigorous process with special reference of female community workers in the perspective of Balochistan Strengthening and enhancing institutional capacity of IDSP in

Project Objectives

gender and development. Exposing/Demystifying gender gapes while focusing the relationship between family and community

Project Partners

District Governments families of the women learners, communities Balochistan, the quality of governance at the grassroots levels emerged after the newly laid devolution system, lack of comprehension of women role in democratic processes, the false concepts of cultural, tribal and religious manifestation of role of women. The intervention is critical since it sheds light on possibilities of bringing long term change, explores the possibilities of women empowerment towards the devolved system. It is important for the development partners to view gender and development in the new scenarios both national and international and how to respond to the needs of communities keeping in mind the local, national and international bearings of these development interventions. The project adopted the approach of developing women catalysts by using three pronged approach a) developing the capacity of host institution i.e. Institute for Development Studies and Practices IDSP-Pakistan, developing women mentors for community developing, discussing the various basic questions around women ranging from religious domain, cultural pathologies, institutional analysis toward self and family development, community engagement, and thirdly understanding and

The project addresses development of young women community catalysts in the most deprived province of Pakistan, Balochistan to bring fundamental changes in the attitudes of and towards women, improving family relationships, engaging communities in wholesome development and contribution in local governance through gender perspectives. Two key historic developments have occurred in Pakistan's recent history, one the devolution of power and the other 33% women seats in the local governance bodies. Both of these opportunities can only be attained if meticulously thought women empowerment processes are entailed and sufficient cadre of young women leadership is available especially in case of Balochistan, the least developed, tribally complex, ethnically diverse with varied geographically and geopolitically at the forefront of global phenomenon's bordering Iran ad Afghanistan for last many decades. The project intends to develop a process of women empowerment to effectively and efficiently work towards people centered development. It addresses core issues paucity of quality women community workers in

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contributing in improving the local governance structures. The first cohort of the project was the people in host institution i.e. IDSP-Pakistan, the second cohort three community workers of North West Frontier Province to understand and learn institutional development processes for setting up such institution in NWFP. The third cohort of twenty young women community workers (interns) in a long discourse of one year based on theory and practice to become mentors, the fourth cohort of over hundred young interns placed in their districts guided and facilitated by the twenty mentors. The project has contributed in many ways, it contributed in developing a very large cadre of professional women in the province which was not present before, it contributed in engaging families in the development processes, The role of young women as leader of social change is recognized, their mobility is increased and therefore the mobility of the girls of the same age in the communities is increasing. Balochistan has for the very first time experienced a mobilization campaigns solely managed by the local community girls with out any direct perceivable in kind benefit for the communities. Local government is sensitized on gender issues and in certain cases; the local governments on issues related to gender have taken concrete measures.

Infromation and Learning Center Khuzdar
Program Rationale
IDSP's since its inception has been critically looking at the developments in community informatics. The world was shrinking and people were faced wit challenges to launch a discourse. The IDSP ILC is not merely a technology driven training place. It is a place, where young people think, reflect and discuss matters concerning to their self, community and the globe. It is a space made available for rich discussions and vibrant discourse at the district level. IDSP is planning to initiate the similar process in Pishin and other districts of Pakistan as well.

The Team and the Leadership
The project was conceived by Safdar Hussain and he led the whole process. He was supported by a group of learners from Khuzdar namely Mr. Asif Lehri, Ms. Rubina Zehri and Ms. Farkhanda Aslam. Mr. Barkat Shah Kakar with the team of Ms Fehmida Panezai and Mr. Khalil Kakar are establishing ILC in Pishin district on the same patterns. The project of Khuzdar was supported by Mr. Lal Jan and the faculty members of the IDSP team at various junctures.

Project Facts
Project Location Human Resource Engaged Project Duration Funding Support Project Objectives Project Partners Khuzdar District 10, 4 females, led by the women
September 2003 April 2006 INFAQ Foundation, IDSP-Pakistan

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Engaging youth in activities that are community oriented and to opens new venues for action.
District Governments, Line Departments
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IDSP Information and Learning Center Khuzdar is IDSP effort to develop grassroots institutions through the young community works trained though IDSP courses. The center which has successfully completed its two years of inception has thus far established itself in the Khuzdar region as one of the leading organizations. The paucity of learning organizations generally in Pakistan and particularly in Balochistan has been a grave issue. The focus on project based human resource development and absence of a space where young people can openly share, reflect and experiment led to the creation of this space. The space is managed by the women of Khuzdar; itself an achievement in the tribal and remote part of Balochistan and then developing a variety of programs that suits the needs of the people of Khuzdar is commendable. The Center has three programs to engage the learners a) a resource center equipped with books and magazine for all walks of life b) IT training for the young emerging people who have an interest in the Information Technology and c) a place for conducting seminars, debates on contemporary issues. The center has provided IT training to over 400, over 100 are girls, the center has been engaged in conducting dialogues on education and learning, training own community workers in community development, gender and governance and designing and implementing a program of adolescents education on rights and responsibilities.

Tawana Pakistan
Program Rationale The issue of food security is one of the pertinent issues of this part of the world. The food programs earlier developed and launched had one fundamental factor and that was the food was brought from outside Pakistan and was distributed among the students or parents. The Tawana Project's approach which IDSP endorsed was ensuring that the fresh locally available food is prepared/ cooked and fed at the point. The whole process was led by a women community leader the Community Organizer and the leadership role of community mobilizer was also given to the female field worker, perhaps for the first time in Pakistan. It engaged lots of young people from the communities especially women and helped to develop large cadre of community workers. The issues of women health especially stunting and wasting were taken care of. The Team and the Leadership Tawana was initially placed at the External Relations Program, managed by Mr. Lal Jan and Mr. Ali Naqvi. Ms. Farzana Yasmin a fresh commerce graduate was part of the team. Methodologically the leadership of the whole project was given to Ms. Yasmin. She took the responsibility of the project and then never looked back. She managed the project and represented IDSP at all the national forums. She developed a team wit the support of Mr. Ahmed Jan in all the project districts. The team selection, hiring and training was done in most professional manner without compromising and bearing the outside pressures. The faculty of IDSP as in constant support to the project team and provided support when and where required.

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IDSP-PAKISTAN ANNUAL REPORT 2005

Project Location

Chagai, Noshki, Kharan, Washuk, Killa Saifullah, Loralai, Bolan, Jhal Magsi and Kalat Districts Over 100 (Over 75% Women)

Human Resource Engaged

Project Duration

August 2002 October 2005

Funding Support

Aga Khan University To improve the nutritional status of school aged girls

Project Objectives

Increase enrollment and sustain attendance of girls in primary schools To access un-enrolled girls through nutrition program Pakistan Baitulmal, Ministry of Social Welfare and Special Education, Provincial Health and Education Departments, District Government, SAP-Pk, SPO, Apna Sehat, Thardeep Rural Development Program, HANDS, AKRSP, NRSP, SABAWON . awareness in the communities about balanced diet most of all the project helped in the operational to developed structure of L.B. The project is currently suspended; IDSP is in continuous dialogues with the government of Balochistan to expand the program all over the province and IDSP being its technical advisor. The project covered 40% of the rural population and 42% of the geographic area.

Project Partners

awana Pakistan is a bold initiative of government of Pakistan, which focused on improving the nutritional status of girl child to bring about a major change in the status of women health, was implemented in nine districts of Balochistan by IDSP. IDSP reached out nearly 550 girls schools in most remote, poverty stricken parts of the province and engaged 492 schools for a daily mid day meal. The program engaged 45,000 girl children for a project period of three years with its feeding cycle of two years. IDSP engaged and trained over 150 young women (over 75%) and men in the project. The project contributed in developing human resource around the notions of community development, health and hygiene, nutrition and education and gender. The local communities were engaged to find and the local nutritious food items, thus contributing in energizing of local economy and creating fundamental

T

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Tawana Pakistan (TPP)
Activity Total number of field teams trained Total number of field workers trained Women from Community trained Total number of schools where feeding held Children Kalat 5 15 2,094 83 9,553 Chagai* 3 9 974 72 6,873 Kharan** 4 12 1,201 62 4,363 Kachi*** 10 30 2,121 112 10,161 KSF 5 15 962 79 7,158 Loralai 6 18 1,340 94 9,462

Total
33 99 8,692 502 47,570

Each team consisted of 3 members, 2 female and 1 male, 6 data operators, eight district supervisors and a management team. * Chagai Includes Noshki and Chagai Districts *Kharan includes Kharan and Washuk Districts * Kachi includes Jhal Magsi and Bolan Districts

Breaking the Poverty Circle of Adolescent Girls and Boys
Program Rationale The Team and the Leadership
The project was led by Mr. Raziq Fahim throughout, initially as project manager and later as mentor to the project management team. Ms. Saima Gul briefly led the project as Project Manager but after her departure Ms. Afshan Nasreen led the whole project with his teams in the two centers notably Ms. Nargis Kasi (Sabeel), Ms. Marzia (Mominanad), Mr. Shamoon and Mr. Hashim.

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The adolescents are a special age group with distinctive age needs and requirements. IDSP's interest has always been with the large group (over 70%) who are not part of the mainstream education system. The ideas matured through a research study which resulted in a concept of learning belt. The idea of learning belt has been to engage with communities where too much development input has been given vis-à-vis to an area where little or not development input in education is given. This concept was presented in a conference in India hosted by UNESCO. UNESCO was planning to launch a program on adolescent as a regional study for policy impacts on this age group. IDSP was selected as Pakistani partner in the discourse.

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Project Facts
Project Location Human Resource Engaged Project Duration Funding Support Quetta District (Sabeel and Mominanad) 20, 5 male, 15 females September 2003 April 2006 UNESCO IDSP To initiate a process where the community, children and adolescent girls will be connected to address poverty through broad based Project Objectives human development process. To train and educate girls in literacy adolescent and basic education that empowers her for purposeful life.

Project Partners

Non Formal Education Directorate Balochistan, Pakistan Science Caravan Islamabad.

reaking Women Poverty Cycle: Empowering Adolescent Girls to become Agents of Social Transformation” project is conceptualized and undertaken UNESCO under crosscutting theme. Institute for Development Studies and Practices IDSP-Pakistan joined the network of sub-regional partners in September 2003. IDSP modify its concept of creating learning organization aiming to initiate diverse innovative actions, which will multiply options of learning and education for divers groups of learners and particularly for the adolescents. This initiative is thus contextually conceptualized with the rationale of creating an alternative methodology for basic education for adolescents. The action was primarily focused to address the issues of poverty through broad based capacity development activities. The situation of women in Balochistan is extremely difficult and deprived it was therefore decided to

B

take Pakistan as a test case of a very difficult situation, where the objective of the project would be make a break through in women's /girl's empowerment in Balochistan.

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he project target is to benefit adolescent girls of poor rural areas empowering them through building capacities and addressing their poverty conditions. Both the areas were selected on the criteria of poverty and women educational situation. It is important to explain here that the nature of the process project is relatively complex and diverse. It was not initiated on already formed basis rather it considered as an evolving and gradually enhancing initiative.

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Project Overview
Results Comments/explanation

2 villages Mominabad & Sabeel (Quetta District, Balochitan) 12 villages

. In sabeel 6 badges are organized enrolment is 52-44-22-34-40 38(230) . In Mominabad 6 badges are organized respective enrolment 34,20,26,34,34,35,(183) . Family size on 3,4 average in mominabed
. Family size 4,6 on average in Sabeel 12

Education
. 415 girls are in process of completing literacy and basic education course

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. Legal awareness and counselling delivered to 415 . Self development & basic gender sensitization 50 & 365 are to trained in January 2006 . Child rights & decision making process delivered to 415 92 boys & 323 girls . HIV Aids training delivered in month of Decmber to 415
. Training on local crafts (Local Jewellery), Cutting and sewing . Book binding, electrician ,cards making ,pickle making surf making cream making ,candle making

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Surf making cream making, candle making war provided to 92 boys and 323 girls . Glass painting, Fabric panting dry flower arrangement, sera mix work raining war provide to 200 girls in both centre

. 92 boys & 323 girls were provided health counselling

. Sessions on Reproductive Health to 415 learners . Session on basic Nutrition for a group of 70 including staff and learners and 345 learners will trained in December and January 2006 . In Mominabad 29 and in Sabeel 12 total 41 learners have taken Micro Credit, The reimbursement Process is ongoing. . 20 learners will receive Micro Credit by the end of December, 2005 . Training session on Micro Finance Management. . 15-20 learners will be given Micro finance in December and January 2006 Science . 12 Reflective learning centres . 3 ICT centres developed in Sabeel, Mominabad and Khazee
. Sessions on Health, Energy, Environment, Pollution, Health and Hygiene, Puberty, Nutrition, Knowledge of Province

. Science Exhibition Organized for the Learners of RLCs which war attended by 415 learners (by Science Carvan) . Science training organized for a group of 40 participants (Staff and learners) Communication and Information . 26 learners trained in ICT in different phases i.e EPL, Ms word , Ms Excel, Power Point in page . 415 learners have access to computer . The equipments include 6 Computers , two Printers . The activities are painting and sketching, Letters writing , making, graphs , writing of sentences and interesting games etc.

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Human Rights Education Program
Program Rationale
Development discourse has always been talking about the issues of human rights. The civil society organizations have been advocating the UN charter of Human Rights. The discourse at IDSP has been around the issues of rights and justice. The discourse was focusing primarily on justice with a broad framework engaging the discussions of rights and responsibilities to foster the human development. The primary assumption has been that before endorsing and engaging in a discourse on rights, ground realities and traditions have to be understood. The project was conceived in Khuzdar inline with the concepts of reflective Learning Centers.

The Team and The Leadership
The project was initially led by Mr. Ali Naqvi but slowly the leadership was given to the women in Khuzdar led by Ms. Rubina Zehri and Ms. Farkhanda Aslam and a team of Learning Facilitators.

Project Facts
Project Location
Human Resource Engaged

Khuzdar District (Lizo, Faizabad, Khatan and Khairabad) 11 all female September 2003 April 2006 Fund for Global Human Rights Provide diverse learning opportunities to the adolescent girls Provide basic awareness to the adolescent about the responsibilities

Project Duration Funding Support

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Project Objectives

of a Human being and their rights Provide basic literacy to the adolescent girls Provide basic skills to enhance their economic generation activities

Project Partners

District Governments, Education Department

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I

DSP-Pakistan started a generative process of empowering adolescent's women I two localities of Quetta. The project was an innovation of UNESCO to explore possibilities of engaging young adolescent's girls for futuristic changes. The project's focus has been of starting an innovative integrated process of adolescent's empowerment in many ways including core conceptual competencies comprising of understanding self, health and hygiene, everyday science coupled with basic skills to improve the likelihood of having a sustainable, honorable livelihood. During the similar time IDSP launched an extensive program Human Resource Development for Gender and Development Mainstreaming. This program engaged over 100 girls from six districts of Balochistan namely Khuzdar, Lasbela, Killa Saifullah, Sibi, Quetta and Pishin. IDSP during the same period interacted with the Global Human Rights and shared the concept of extension of the Reflective Learning Center's program. A proposal was submitted and it was agreed that IDSP instead of extending the current program in the current project areas will start a Human Rights Program in a new district. IDSP selected Khuzdar for the intervention. The reason for selecting Khuzdar is multifold; a) IDSP has its Information and Learning Center, which catering the needs of Human Resource Development, it has right infrastructure to implement such programs b) the learners all young women of Mainstreaming Gender and Development are running the Information and Learning Center c) IDSP has the access to grassroots communities and has the knowledge of the area. The project being a learning project has several interesting learning throughout the project period, listed below: Lack of time for registration of the centers because it takes to much time but this was integrated in the basic literacy phase due to which it is very difficult for us to provide basic literacy tool in a very short period Government/Public sector will provide support if they understand the work and if they find it contributive to their activities Adoption of those tools which the learners required they

will take interest in the work and also generate support for you If the perspective is clear and the direction is non confronting to the traditional communities, support is generally available The key features of the project are: The program designing, implementation, management and monitoring is led by women, engaging families especially mothers in the whole process. This is a successful experiment since the leadership of women in such sensitive programs in highly tribal, ethnically diverse, religiously extremist conditions. The teachers from formal schools are participating in the course to learn and understand the teaching methodologies and techniques for better education delivery and understanding the various dimensions of the human rights. Third and the most important indicator is building the human rights approach from self, family, community, tribe, religion, constitution of Pakistan and the UN Human Rights declaration. It is important to note that the whole process of understanding the rights comes from various sources mentioned above. The process is more of appreciative inquiry then that of engaging with people with dismal some what realizing them that they are disempowered and they need to fight for their rights. This approach has help them appreciating what they have, and how this condition of having can further expand to transform the specific condition. Based on these a whole module of Human Rights Education is in process to consolidate the process and make it widely available.

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Pakistan Participatory Poverty Assessment, Small Prjoects
Program Rationale
The issue of poor and that of poverty is the greatest debate within the development circles around the world. Are people poor because they are bound to be poor by the divine, or they are born in certain class, area! If not what are underpinnings that led to poverty and why poverty eradiation is the most loved topic for the rich and powerful. The Pakistan Poverty Assessment looks at the poverty from the perspectives of the poor and that was why IDSP engaged in the discourse. The small projects were simply a manifestation of how people can organize themselves and developed their own models of service efficiency.

The Team and the Leadership
The project was led by Mr. Ali Naqvi and Mr. Shahjahan Baloch supported by Mr. Ismail and Mr. Sher Mohammed with the support of Admin Officer Mr. Mohammed Ali.

Project Facts
Project Location Human Resource Engaged Gwadar, Awaran, Killa Abdullah, Kachi, Kharan, Quetta, Musa Khel and Panjgur 5 male

Project Duration

September 2003 April 2006

Funding Support

DFID - IDSP Delivering small projects where the PPA process was conducted for

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Project Objectives

contributing in poverty reduction District Governments nine district and sites selected for PPA were Panjgur, union council Dasht Shahbaz, sub sites, Kata Gari, Joi Sar, Quetta, union council Haji Abdul Qadoos, sub sites, Pashtoon Dara, Qaisr Colony, Kachi, union council Mehram, sub sites, Kohra Chalgari, Awal Hashim, Killa

Project Partners

The Pakistan Participatory Poverty Assessment was carried out in nine districts of Balochistan representing the ecological, ethnic, agricultural, urban and geographical distribution of the province. The nine sites and eighteen sub sites is representative of Balochistan's most poor sites. The PAGE-17

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Saifullah, union council, Batozai, sub sites, Nali Sar, Cheena Barak Khel, Awaran, union council , Teer Taij, sub sites, Bazdad, Kahan Zeelag, Kharan, union council, Lad Ghast, sub sites, Kalag, Mashriqi Zaawag, Loralai/ Musa Khel, union council, Toisar sub site, Nikhal Adinzai, Loralai/ Musa Khel, union council, Saddar, sub site, Nawai Bazar, Killa Abdullah, union council, Killa Abdullah, sub site, Jurang, Arambi and Gawadar, union council, Kalag, sub sites, Kalag, Kalmat. The small projects were conceived at the beginning of the project and were part of the project design. The purpose was to acknowledge the input of the community in poverty assessment and to facilitate them in certain aspects of poverty reduction. The two sub sites were representative of the one poorest union council in the district, one site was the poorest and the other was slightly better off. The PPA small project process started in middle of 2004. The individual researchers that had worked for PPA have had other employments; the district government however was in continuous network of IDSP. The initial process though was to reestablish the link with reference to PPA in the sites where PPA was conducted. A new field team was hired for the purpose since none of the old PPA field team members were available. The process of PPA Small Projects Implementation Selection of field researchers The field team was first given a detailed orientation on process of PPA and how this part of PPA is complementing S.No. Districts Kharan

the overall PPA exercise. Basic orientation of field activity, engaging district government, appraisals of sites, documentation and reporting, understanding and appreciating common interest of community in relevance with livelihood and poverty, creating ownership and community contribution, understanding the follow up and sustainability issues Appraisal of eighteen sites Review of the current needs against the PPA needs (emerged from the PPA study) Refining the process with community and using union council government only as means to develop larger common understanding of the community Signing the agreement with Union Council government (Nazim, Naib Nazim) Distribution of goods, services to the community Follow up of the progress of work in the sub sites Conflict resolution where conflict occurred Monitoring visit of senior IDSP Team Members in sub sites Generating more support for flood victims in the area after PPA The following matrix defines the previous needs and the needs fulfilled through the PPA Small Projects and the reason of change in priorities

Need Fulfilled after Community consultation Diesel pumps for agriculture, Sewing Machines for Embroidery Diesel engines and generator for electricity, sewing machines Sewing machines for widows, water reservoirs and hand pumps

Value addition IDSP provided a computer for the CBO of the area
IDSP persuaded Concern World wide to develop a livelihood program in Awaran which is functioning in Awaran

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Awaran

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Loralai

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5-

Killa Saiflllah

Provision of hand pumps and water tanks for storage of water Expansion/ deepening of water pool expansion of water supply channel Diesel engine, sewing machines

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Karachi

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Panjgor

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Killa Abullah

Provision of water tanks and submersible for water extraction, development of skills lab in high school for skills development and resource generation

IDSP persuaded Concern World wide to develop a livelihood program in Awaran which is functioning in Awaran and facilitated basic training for the Maste Trainers to run the center.

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Quetta

Provision of building for dispensary Construction of school, rehabilitation of community water well

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Gawadar

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Earth Quake Relief And Rehabilitation
The massive historical devastation of earthquake covered an area of 25000Sq km in Pakistan. It covers 4 districts of province North Western Frontier along with Azad Kashmir. Institute for Development Studies and Practices (IDSP_Pakistan) Felt deep concern regarding this natural disaster. A team of IDSP staff including Director Quratulain Bakhteari, immediate visits to the space for helping the victim. She shared the situation of devastated communities with various good hearted people all over the world. They showed a warm response regarding helping out the victims with her husband Dr. Tayyab Mahmood, her son Dr. Ahsan Mahmood and people from Karachi, Islamabad and Abbottabad. IDSP's response to the 8th October 2005 South Asian Earthquake started with the collection of funds for the sending the relief goods to the sufferers at the institute and with its Director's visit to the affected areas. Dr. Bakhteari visited the hospitals and gathered support of doctors from USA and UK to the people in Abbottabad. Later she visited the mountain areas in Mansehra district and contextual support was given to the Battal valley inhabitants. She presented a concept paper on the request of Chairman Capital Development Authority Islamabad for community development in H-11 Camp. Mrs. Siddiqa was the support behind the activation of the activities in H-11 Camp, financially supported by Fund for Global Human Rights and IDSP. Ms Zara Shahid Hussain was major support in mobilizing the donations and Networking. The space and contract created by Dr. Bakhteari led to creation of relief projects for IDSP in H-11 Camp, Battal and UNHCR Project. Earth Quake Relief Battal (Mansehra) In order to support the devastated communities, Institute has a vision for the reconstruction of one of the Union Council, Hill-Kot, and 8000 ft above sea level. It is situated
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in Battal one of the widespread Tehsil of District Mansehra. Battal is situated in the mountainous area of Satian Galli. In the Mountainous ups and downs of Satian Galli there lives 0.75 Million people with their self sustained livelihood, culture and history. For working this community 20 action researchers from two of IDSP development studies courses visited the Union council. These are the young people from various areas of the country with their quest of self empowerment through community and family development. They met with all the families in the Union council, which comprised of 10 Mohlas. The team of researchers remains for one week in union council and made thorough interaction with local community. They gathered basic profile of the families consisting of its population, culture and livelihood etc. The community in the union council live for six generation at this place. They have developed a self-sustaining livelihood and a mechanism of interdependency. The oral history shared by the local people describes that they were the originally Nomads who gradually settled on the mountain. In the Satian Galli, there are more than one thousand settlements in which the people live with their own created systems and cultures. They have created a selfsustaining and need based culture, which responds to their survival in the toughest cold climate. People of Hillkot are Gujar by cost. They speak Gujree and live in the form of the dispersed settlements. Groups of the young action researchers from IDSP's courses in Khuzdar and Pishin have collected quantitative data for developing a base line profile of the community. Following are the inferences of the data collected from the families.

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Population Chart:
Total Pop 4531 Male 2589 Female 1942 Total Families 655 Lose 102 goats 280 Buffalos And 26 cows.

Estimation of the capital loses:
# of Sheltres 630 Fully damaged Goats 102 Buffalos 280 Cows 26 Househole Luggage

Crokery, clothes, furniture of 210 sheltres is ruinde

The date being gathered from the victims of the earthquake covers the short and long term needs of the community which includes as follow
Immediate needs Medicine, CGS sheets, Food Items, Clothes, Blankets, Water pipeline Long term needs

Reconstruction of schools, Road, Mosque, water and canals

IDSP is collaborating with the local philanthropists and other agencies interested in working to generate a five years rehabilitation plan for the communities in Battal. Over 100 houses have now got shelter and food for the winter season and on rest of the houses the construction work led by the local community in on.

NGOs and the community in reducing issues in camps IDSP followed the process to enable human resource for Camp Management this concept emerged with the mutual understanding of IDSP and CDA. Mrs. Siddiqa Malik facilitated the process of this joint venture as volunteer and developed coordination and networking between IDSP and CDA. Her conceptual and technical in puts and efforts create the possibility of work with effected people. The main idea of the concept was to make communities enable and empowered to detail their issues by them self rather then depending on any external sources. According to the core theme of empowering communities IDSP initiated a process of learner's selection in which a large number of young men and women contacted IDSP. Miss Zakra Ali and Mr. Yar Mohammad from IDSP selected potential, and wiling learners from the camp after three days long process. In the process of learners selection 32 young men and women engaged as learners and IDSP faculty build their conceptual capacity through different sessions e.g. role of learners/activists, camp management, community mobilization, PRA tools and techniques, financial management and administrative skills etc. These learners selected from the effected communities of Muzzaffarad Abad, Bagh and Mansehra and they are settled at H-1 with

Earth Quake Relief H-11 Camp (Islamabda)

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The H-11 Camp in Islamabad was established for the relief of the earthquake affected families. The Camp has nearly 10,000 people living managed though several Non Governmental Organizations Support. Living in camp for a displaced community is not only difficult but a certain level of depression encompasses the whole community. IDSP's goal to the work in the Camp has been “To empower communities/individual to come up with the solutions of their issues with minimum dependency on external sources”. The objectives of the program are: Developing Human resources to understand their role in camp management Empowering/engaging community in dealing their own

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their families. The strategy of engaging the effected youth especially in camp management was a concourse effort and idea of IDSP as we it was planed to engage this young human resource to work on community development and camp management at their respective effected areas mentioned as above. The group of 20 learners moved for practical work after getting trainings. At H-11 a group of 15 young learners and volunteers' women, men both are engaged in the process of camp management activities. The proposed strategy is to engage other organizations and contribute in camp management with the collaboration of CDA. In present IDSP established four community centers with the direct support of CDA at A, B, D and E. Earth Quake Relief Mansehra, Muzzafarabad and Baghspontaneous Camps IDSP's activities were spread using the technology around Pakistan. The SMS messages created a lot of support and in one of the gatherings of people the concepts and IDSP's intervention were appreciated. UNHCR in one of these

meeting asked QAB Director IDSP to support them in community organization and provision of support in the spontaneous camps (camps that are established by the people and where focused support from government or non government agencies is not viable). With extra ordinary leadership from Ali Naqvi, Muhammad Ali, Raziq Fahim and Ms Noreen IDSP since has been working on developing human resource in the H-11 Camp engaged with UNHCR to work with these spontaneous camps. IDSP organized three teams for Mansehra, Muzzafarabad and Bagh, engaged the technicians from the local communities and started working with the spontaneous camp people to organize them, bring quality services such as sanitation, clean water, and electricity and help people to combat the chilling winter. IDSP has its offices in all the districts and a national preserves this mainstreaming IDSP. Seminars and lectures are given to peoples of USA and raised 8000 dollars.

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Institutional Development
Strategic Planing
Institute for Development Studies and Practices, IDSPPakistan has completed its seven years of its existence, it is a national institute with national campus in Quetta. The young people of Pakistan created this institution in 1999, after testing the concept in 1998. The concept was developed on the basis of various experiences and practices that took place over the period of more then 25 years of development for the communities. The history of IDSP shows the process of human resources development, the need of love and care then the money or power. In IDSP's growth, development and its sustainability only one factor is fundamental and that is love and care for each other as human being first and then comes the work factor. The basic principle of respect, giving spaces, creating new ones according to the need and potential of the people related to IDSP is a basic principle in its learning processes. It is due to this one principle of love, care, trust, and dedication to the ordinary young people that the people within IDSP are growing and developing as well as people outside IDSP is gaining more self empowerment then before. The young leaders of IDSP have understood one fundamental lesson and that is trust all people and invest in people by creating alternate learning spaces. Today IDSP raises its own resources for its core programs, two of its senior members are editors of development journals, while one second level faculty member is bringing out a research journal. The young faculty members are policy advisors to government, funding agencies, training programs. Each one of IDSP member has developed at least 20 young people of Pakistan. Who in turn organizes more meaningful spaces for the young people in their own communities! IDSP has now three kinds of graduates, one that completed six years of intensive education and training and is now IDSP's managers of learning's. The second tier is their own interns who are now teaching and doing projects, they have completed four years of intense education and training. The third level consists of its course learners, interns, project based learners. All its learners will reach the same level as its senior ones. Pakistan needs a large number of such people who are willing to devote part of their life in making paths for others to walk on and then create their own. If we do not do this we will not be the kind of people that Allah wants us to be. That people needs to be understood from their actions and perceptions and not by their symbolic way of life and believe. We need love, care, and new meaningful learning spaces, less competition more cooperation, less criticism more forward looking critique less discouragement more encouragement with hope and enlightenment. We have now more then 200 learners from long term theory practice based courses, over thirty people remained or are in IDSP as development thinkers and practitioners. Numerous sessions on myriad topics have given people a fresh breath of air in our public debates and dialogues. Our researches have been extremely useful for policy development. IDSP's pilot testing course was the initiation of a generative process of learning in various dimensions of development. Its core has been working with the community development workers or the young people aspiring to become development activities. The pilot testing course was evaluated by a third party and feasibility was developed. The 1999 feasibility defined five clear areas programmatic thrusts for IDSP.Certificate and Diploma courses in Community Development Synthesizing and applying research Initiating process projects Initiating Public Debate and Dialogue Providing transformatory advisory services The three years feasibility provided the institute to develop its basis learn by practicing and develop internal systems. During this period the team was built and intellectually and professionally nurtured through one year of rigorous capacity building. For the first time in the history of Balochistan an indigenous group of young intellectuals and

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activists initiated a high-level theoretical and research program with outside technical help limited to focus facilitations. To fulfill the growth in the right direction and to create the open learning environment the conventional management structures were not adopted at the beginning rather opportunities were sought for developing a management structure that suits the requirements of the learning organization. Therefore in many ways just as the pilot testing course the first three years have been of powerful generative learning. In May 2001 an evaluation was launched for setting the management structure. This rigorous exercise that went on till the end of November 2001 provided the following management structure for the organization. Four program teams were developed i.e. the Academic team, Learner and Community Development team, Internal Development and Core Support team and the External Program team. IDSP's inception as an organization was a step in recognizing the need of conceptually clear, technically sound and emotionally stable human resource development. IDSP's core has been focusing the individuals who would act as catalysts in the development arena and will work towards diversification of the development work and juxtaposing it people centered notions of culture, spirituality thus sparking a funnel of social transformation. IDSP's recognition as a learning institute comes in a variety of flavors. The first is developing a national academic institution in Balochistan which is generally not familiar with its educational background within Pakistan. The second was the trust on local young human resource to lead its intellectual portfolio. The third was to continuously invest on people with little on no formal educational backgrounds. Finally developing understanding on unique frameworks in most cases alien to development such as culture, religion and civilization and starting processes of building self esteem around these themes. IDSP's role within the development sector has been creating alternative paths of development, engaging communities and young community workers in an

intellectual discourse that leads to a long term process of self empowerment and community homogenization and linking the local with the global. IDSP has been successful despite numerous external threats and internal systemic weaknesses in bringing about fundamental changes in the way development is looked upon. The major accomplishments has been viewing the whole gender framework from a variety of perspectives and critiquing the role of schooling, the mainstream media and the manufacturing of consent.

IDSP in last six years has successfully infused itself with communities and young community workers as a learning space to reflect and learn from. It has consolidated itself as a national learning institution having its learners across the country. It has contributed in various dimensions to develop new ad innovative frameworks of engaging people and diversifying development portfolios. It has given a human approach to various issues and challenges which were considered dogmatic within the development. It questioned the rational of development, education and modernity and traced back the historical events that led to these frameworks and worked upon dealing with the issues of repressed knowledge, religion and tradition and role of women in traditional societies besides focusing on learning as a lifelong process beyond frameworks and walls. When IDSP was initiated the challenge was simple to engage a young group of community workers and empower them to become managers of development. It was apparent in the very initial year that this approach will not affect the power brokers and may contribute in the ways and approaches that marginalize people. The fundamental conceptual shift in 1999 led IDSP to initial isolation from the development scene but later proved highly fruitful since many new ideas, approaches; methodologies of IDSP started inspiring the mainstreaming development. The earlier theoretical realties of globalization, modernity, mainstream media and schooling are now realities of the Pakistani society. The world has changed to a great deal, the oppression and PAGE-24

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subjugation is not only can read but heard and seen on daily basis. It is perhaps time to devise processes that enable more cohesive engagements at various levels and becoming a regional partner in combating several challenges Pakistan is faced with. Besides that IDSP for its next five years is looking upon several venues; one of them is consolidating what has been developed, experienced and thus building upon. The other is to find meaningful ways of diversifying its portfolio to address many new challenges emerged in last few years especially after the 9/11 incident and its aftermath. IDSP is looking towards consolidation of its academic portfolio in a systemic and meaningful way that can contribute towards society's emerging needs and requirements. On the other hand, based on its experience of an open learning space, it is fine tuning its systems and operations. Both the tasks are complex and needs through revisions. The programmatic portfolio is much more still led by the intellectual discourse of Academic Program but further diversified by the inculcation of learners and community partnership, justice peace governance, education policy and advocacy, research. Variety of approaches is envisaged including developing alternative media, variety of learning discourses. IDSP is looking at engaging with regional and global partners to enhance its role and have strategic partnerships for fostering a culture of peace, tolerance, mutual harmony and justice. The Strategic Plan is developed with the support of Mr. Irfan Mufti, who supported in development of the strategic plan, logical framework analysis and work breakdown structure. Mr. Irshad Ahmed Mughal supported in Academic evaluation and proposing the Academic Framework for the institute while Mr. Zafarullah Khan is providing the legal options and strategies for the institute in next five year to come. CIDA supported the strategic planning exercise. The external vision of IDSP is: Politically socially and culturally aware individuals that will create interdependent, self reliant societies that guarantee and acculturate dignified living for all Internally IDSP views itself as 'a regional learning institution recognized and known for its innovative learning mechanism for regeneration of repressed knowledge values and interdependent practices'. The Mission of IDSP is “To nurture and develop individuals and communities that will PAGE-25

change the power structures by demystifying processes of Education and development and generate value based partnerships and practices at all levels” IDSP's goal over the next five years is to demystify the dominant practices of education, development & modernity to create dynamics & diverse process of development through courses, publication, media, networking, research & Policy advocacy. The focus is on governance and democracy, peace and security, and sustainable livelihood in support of human dignity and rights. The programmatic goals for IDSP in 2006-2010 are: To nurture community catalysts that can contribute in transforming local & Global issues, relationship, process mechanisms, through academic courses , researches and process projects To create, develop and learn from diverse dynamic development processes through educational development, modernity and from people's action based courses Create Strengthen and engage with process and mechanisms that can contribute in peace, justice and tolerance Developing an institute that create a kind of people who can evaluate, assess, understand, advocate issues of social justice, peace and development To initiate, implement and promote diverse processes of action and reflection based on learning and with a view to develop HR to continuously look in to the various approaches of education and development based on theory and practices Develop community information and learning spaces for continues policy dialogues for pro-people policies and action based research For the next five years IDSP will incorporate and work on seven major themes, which will cut across all its programmatic and organizational activities and will guide all its academic, education courses, programs, research, advocacy and networking interventions. The cross cutting themes are Justice and peace, personal growth and transformation, gender empowerment, political economy of poverty and development, culture, spirituality and social reconstruction and institutional basis of inequality.

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Transfrom

Facilitation to International Researchers
Institute of Development Studies (ISD) Uk Ms. Ruth Peterson is a Master's student at prestigious Institute of Development Studies IDS at the University of Sussex in the United Kingdom. Ms. Peterson came to IDSP for completing her Master's thesis. She exclusively worked on IDSP's Mainstreaming Gender and Development Project and met with interns and mentors, their families and visited Khuzdar and Pishin. Her research at IDSP has opened new academic venues for women empowerment and the paucity of literature on certain dimensions of women empowerment is also highlighted. Her paper tilted “Women's empowerment in challenging environments: a case study from Balochistan” is completed and will be shortly published. Transform is English quarterly of IDSP. The editor of the journal is Mr. Naseem Ahmed. This year the two magazines were published. The magazine has focused thematic area around which it comprises of gender, media, development and culture. One of the magazines is focused on education to capture the essence of the educational project at IDSP.

IDSP Newsletter
IDSP's newsletter is a quarterly publication based on various happenings at IDSP. The Newsletter covers all the relevant items that are carried out at IDSP. It is a rich resource to now about various happenings at IDSP. The Newsletter is edited by Ali Naqvi.

Research Thesis on Education
Ms. Suzana Koster is going her Master's in Mass Communication. She came to Pakistan to understand and analyze the education scenario in Pakistan and later came to Pishin to visit the area of Khanozai because of the very high literacy rates in the area. She got familiarize with the Tawana Pakistan program and later studied IDSP as a learning institution.

Taleem Ke Mutabadil Tanazur
“Taleem Ke Mutabadil Tanazur” is based on a variety of material IDSP has been using in its educational programs. The book contains translations of contemporary, prolific activist and writers on various thoughts of education. The book provides a fresh breath of air to the people who are interested in understanding and working with various dimensions of education and learning beyond structural and institutional frameworks. Rich content is gathered from around the world, from personal experiences to historical systemic analysis. The book is Edited by Mr. Naseem Ahmed.

Publications
Aksulamal
Aksulamal is IDSP Urdu quarterly. The editor of the journal is Ms. Afshan Nasreen supported by Mr. Arif Tabassum. In the year 2005 IDSP published four magazines of Aksulamal. All the four had different thematic identities related to various contemporary issues IDSP has been dealing with through its various interventions. This year Aksulamal saw a new editor Afshan Nasreen, who took over from Arif Tabassum the creator of the magazine. Two of the magazines were thematic, one on education and the other on food politics.

Islam and the Challenges Muslisms Face
IDSP over the years has been engaging contemporary intellectuals, academics, activities to bring about new and varied thoughts to people. Its series of programs on engaging with people to understand the various dynamics of the issues has gained vast popularity among the people.

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The book “Islam and the Challenges Muslim Face” is based on a public discussion at the University of Balochistan. Dr. Aslam Abdullah prominent Muslim scholar visited IDSP and IDSP and the Institute of Management Sciences, University of Balochistan, organized a seminar. The book discussed the role of Muslims, the challenges Muslim face and how to overcome these challenges in most profound intellectual manner.

Mubarza Mubarza is a nationwide network for gender trainers and activists to advocate issues of gender and women. National Secretariat is in Islamabad. IDSP played a vital role in organizing and strengthening the network since its inception. IDSP is in the member of the national core group and similarly representing the provincial chapter at the national level. IDSP has been engaged with a variety of activities of the network and has been facilitating from its training and exposure activities. Learning Societies Learning Societies is a network of various individuals and organizations spread over the globe. The Learning Societies network is a discussion and sharing point based on people's activities concerning mainstream education, media and development. IDSP has been taking active part in the proceedings of the Learning Societies and whenever possible has engaged the various partners of the network in IDSP's discourses. Pakistan Water Partnership Pakistan Water Partnership is an extension of the Global Water Partnership which is focusing its attention on water rights and access to clean water. The Dublin Conference on Water and the Environment in 1992 and the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development held in Rio de Janeiro in 1992 that a more comprehensive approach to water management was judged necessary for sustainable development. This awareness, together with the need for participatory institutional mechanisms related to water, called for a new coordinating organization. The Global Water Partnership (GWP) was created in 1996. This initiative was based on promoting and implementing integrated water resources management through the development of a worldwide network that could pull together financial, technical, policy and human resources to address the critical issues of sustainable water management.

Janeb-e-Manzil
Janeb-eManzil is a collection of case studies of women of IDSP course on mainstreaming gender and development. The case studies reveal interesting stories of self growth in context of an individual aspiring for higher intellectual freedom. The case studies provide in-depth analysis from a learner's point of view on various dimensions of the growth process ranging from family, community and the local government. The dynamics generated and the challenges faced by the women in Balochistan are beautifully captured. The case studies also reveal a very dynamic process of women empowerment in conjunction with religion and culture to bring about change and brought educational processes in the traditional societies. Noreen Lehri is the mind behind collection, refinement and publication of these case studies

Networking/Coalitions
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Pakistan Education Coalition
Pakistan Education Coalition PCE is a coalition of leading Civil Society Organizations in Pakistan. The coalition is hoping to develop context sensitive approaches that have an impact at the national levels concerning education. A provincial consultative meeting was conducted for partners to design capacity building strategies for advocacy in education and strengthening the role of civil society in educational policy and planning and campaigning for allocation of more resources for education and need based utilization of resources in education planning and budgeting.

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IDSP was introduced to Pakistan Water Partnership by Ms. Simi Kamal (Raasta Consultants) as partners in the Hub Water Partnership. IDSP will be collaborating with groups working on water rights and Integrated Water Resource Management in the Hub area

Research Fellowship
Kahteeja-Tul-Kubra
A group of Pakistani business women engaged with IDSP to provide secretarial support fro the then decided conference on Kahteeja-Tul-Kubra to be held in November 2005. IDSP in order to provide the support IDSP announced fellowship of Conference organization and management at the University of Balochistan. Later the conference was shifted to Karachi due to various reasons but IDSP continued its support to the Fellow Ms. Sadia. Ms. Sadia was working on understanding the role of Bibi Khateeja as a business woman, a perspective of her personality little discussed. Shed extensively used IDSP's resource center and managed to prepare a book on her personality. The book is in final shape and will be published shortly for the conference.

was chosen as one of the 1000 women for peace. It is a great honor not only for the institution but for Pakistan where such personalities exists that continue to illuminate the darkness. Though the Nobel Peace Prize was won by someone else, however the process is taking on and in November the book 1000 Peace Women Across the Globe will be published, in which all 1000 women are portrayed. At the same time, a group of academics will analyze the strategies, methods and results of these women's work. Their conclusions should produce feedback to governments and civil society, as it is important to draw lessons from these women's work. October 14, 2005, the exhibit 1000 Peace Women Across the Globe will open in Zurich.

Courses
Theory and practice based development studies courses have vital importance in the evolution of IDSP. In the year 2003-4 institutes academic program conducted three courses simultaneously. June, 2004 retreat deconstructed the management programs in which academic development program was also dissolved. In May 2005, IDSP faculty members decided to launch two courses simultaneously in district Pishin and district Khuzdar. The courses were advertised through various formal and informal channels and learner's selection process was on in the month of July, 2005. More than 200 Candidates from all over the country showed their interest in the course for each course. In which 20 learners were finalized for each course. The district teams went for learner's selection in the districts of Balochistan, while learners from other provinces were recommended and finalized with the coordination of IDSP graduate learners.

Awards
Nomination for Nobel Peace Prize
The first Nobel Peace Prize was awarded jointly in 1901 to the Swiss Jean Henri Dunant, founder of the International Committee of the Red Cross, and the Frenchman Frédéric Passy, founder of the International League for Peace in France. The first woman to receive the prize, in 1905, was the Austrian Bertha von Suttner for her activities as honorary president of the Permanent International Peace Office. The eminent role of women, their strategies for sustainable peace work, their constant and courageous actions for their families and villages, their country and their culture, are not yet acknowledged as peacepromoting. 1000 women from the world were selected following a very intense process of selection having a variety of choices to make. Dr. Quratulain Bakhteari IDSP's founder director

Youth Development, Khuzdar Community Development Pishin,
The course on community development is one of the direct outcomes of Institutes innovative approach towards community development and stemming sustainable models in the districts. This course is aimed to develop highly critical and practical human resource in the district and outside the district for taking initiatives worth considerable and challenging to the status quo. The course

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comprised of four months and fifteen days, which facilitates learners from Sindh, NWFP and Balochistan. Most of the learners are from district Pishin and Loralai, while there are representatives of the said provinces, district Barkhan, and district Quetta. The course contents are not pre-designed. The contents will be generated through the initial interaction with the course participants. The initial interaction is based on the critical and highly rigorous perception analysis exercises which develop basis and sequence of the course flow. The strategy for learners selection was devised with the collaboration of district based team members especially the Education policy and planning program fellows. The course was advertised in the daily Jang Quetta. in the third w e e k o f A u g u s t , 2 0 0 5 . Tw o Ya h o o I D s coruses_idsp@yahoo.com, and idsp_courses@yahoo.com were developed and advertised in the newspaper. In order to develop good links with communities for learners selection, and select potential learners for the two courses, that is one in Khuzdar and the other in Pishin it was strived to select the learners with the collaboration of each other. This 2as one of the most crucial and effective strategy but the link between the two districts team could not work on it, which was one of the major flaw and drawback of the selection process. Brochures were developed in Urdu for the basic information regarding course and IDSP. Applicants started approaching IDSP main Office and District Office for their selection and participation in the course. More than 30 groups and individuals visited the district office. Most of them were influenced by the MGD experience in the district. Some of them came with the reference of EPP work and there were others who had been wishing to participate in the development studies course as learners. A total of 20 learners, and 15 applications from other young persons were received in the district. 17 learners are part of the course from Pishin, Loralai, Killa Saifullah, Dhadhar and Sindh. Community Development, Gender Perspectives, Bannu Ms. Mussarrat and Ms. Za1inab were Associate Mentors in IDSP's Mainstreaming Gender and Development course. They came from Bannu and after completing their PAGE-29

They came from Bannu and after completing their fellowship went back to Bannu. In Bannu the issue most confronted with women working in the social development field observed by the two fellows was of sexual harassment. The two worked in the district and generated support to conduct a course of women on the issue. Twenty women initially enrolled fro the course and later 16 completed the course. The course themes were self, gender, role of community development, local government, gender and Islam, patriarchy, institutional analysis, mentoring, violence and sexuality. The course ran from August 2005 to November 2005 and in November the graduation of the course held.

Short Term Office Management & Information Technology Course
The course was designed to provide in-depth professional skills to people interested or working in various professional positions. The course comprised of Basic IT, Research, Resource Center Management, Admin, Financial Management, Hardware and Software. It ran for two months from 15 May October 5 and on 10th October 2005 its certificate distribution ceremony held. IDSP provided two internships for the successful candidates at IDSP. Ms. Rashida was the overall course coordinator.

Public Seminars/ Dialogues Resource Persons
Dr. Aslam Abdullah The speaker Dr. Aslam Abdullah basically comes from India now settled for many years in the USA. He is teaching at the Las Vegas University and editor of “Minority” and Muslim Observer”. Institute for Development Studies and Practices IDSPPakistan and Institute of Management, IMS University of Balochistan organized a public seminar on “Challenges Muslim face in Changing World” on 26th November 2004. The seminar was organized at the University of Balochistan and a large number of students from university and other civil society representative participated in the seminar. Since 911 the world has changed and the focused has now on the Muslim World. IDSP since this change has happened has been organizing debates on events from renowned

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scholars around the world. This seminar was part of the whole discourse. The discourse started with the history of Islam and the speaker gradually ad slowly brought the audience to the current world scenario. He talked about six universal rights that Islam provides, the right to live, the right of intellectual freedom, the right to accept and exercise religion, the right to having family and the right to have livelihood mechanisms and right to dissent. The whole seminar was engaging and people fully participated in it.

Jahan Arra (University of Balochistan).

Claudealvares and Normaalvares
Claude Alvares is editor of Other India Press, one of India's best known alternative publishers and creator of Multiversity. Multiversity is a free and autonomous body, dedicated to the nurturing and protection of the intellectual creativity and associated intellectual products of the indigenous peoples of Asia, Africa and the Americas, to actively fight the influence and spread of the debilitating and homogenizing institutions of the West. Claude lives in the village of Parra (Goa) in the company of Norma Alvares, an advocate who fights environmental cases, and three boys, all of whom have been infused with a healthy contempt for the education system. The wonderful couple came to Pakistan to attend a conference on education organized by a leading schooling system. On our request they came to Quetta and spend some time with our learners of the tow courses Pishin and Khuzdar. They shared their personal experiences and journey's regarding education and living. Munir Fasheh Munir Fasheh is a Palestinian and Director, The Arab Education Forum, Center for Middle Eastern Studies, Harvard Universityin the US. Munir has been a very active member of the Learning Societies group and when he came to Pakistan for a conference on education organized by the AKESP, IDSP took the opportunity and engaged him with our education project on. Munir talked with groups of learners and fellows on various aspects of education and especially in context of Palestine where the institutions doe not function and how people in the absence of the institutions took control of their lives and started organizing and learning in a very different and innovative

Gender and Islam
The Workshop was held12 Sep, 2005 in Balochistan University with the collaboration of IDSP and RAHM Lahore. Topic of the workshop was “Women Islam and Development: Historical, Socio-Cultural & Political Condition”. RAHM an NGO which works on action oriented research, training and educational programs and multicultural\antireligious dialogues with particular focus on issues pertaining to women's development, human right and Muslims ethics. RAHM was working on the “Gender, Equality, Islam and Development in the Pakistan context” project. One of the parts was this project to conduct workshops, seminars in different places of Pakistan. This workshop was the chain of that part. Main objective was the workshop to initiate a process of change through developing leaders who understand the theological, historical and sociological factors that affect the status of women and other disadvantaged persons in Pakistan. In the panel discussions of Balochistan speakers were Mr. Sharif-ul-Mujahid (University of Karachi). Dr Farhat Naz Rahman. Raziq Fahim (IDSP). Dr. Quratulain Bakhteari Director IDSP was the presiding this workshop. Chief gust was Dr. Ferdos

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International Conference Papers, Participation
Conference on Community Infromatics The Cape Peninsula University of Technology along with its major sponsors the Cape Town City, the Centre for eInnovation in the Provincial Government of the Western Cape and the South African Department of Communication hosted a conference CIRN2005, the second annual conference of the Community Informatics Research Network from 22-26 August. The theme of the activities was 'Building Partnerships for the Information Society' and the focus was on the social appropriation of ICT for local benefit. One of the major aims is to increase the ICT skills, awareness and involvement of people in obtaining the benefits of these technologies through horizontal and vertical integration of effort locally, nationally and internationally. IDSP's Faculty member submitted his paper on the experience of Khuzdar Information and Learning Center. The paper was accepted for the conference as an innovative case study of use of Information Technology for community and youth development.

Hassan, University of Louisville. They visited various universities, attended conferences and seminars and understood the life of Muslims in the US. Each submitted a paper on their learning during the sabbatical.

Fund Raising
The Alcan prize for Sustainability
The Alcan Prize for Sustainability is a US$1 million prize to be awarded each year to not-for-profit, non-governmental, and civil society organizations that are working diligently to make our world a better place. Alcan provides the funding but has entrusted the decision-making to the world's leading proponents of sustainable development. The Prince of Wales International Business Leaders Forum (IBLF) manages the program, issuing the Call for Entries, assisting organizations with their applications, coordinating Assessment Panels to select an annual short list of finalists, and supporting the Adjudication Panel in its deliberations. The prize was awarded to Aga Khan Housing and Building Services in Pakistan.

Conference on Gender
Rozan Islamabad organized a Regional conference on “Gender and Governance” in Islamabad from 16-18th December, 2004. IDSP was asked to submit a paper on the conference. A paper was jointly prepared by Dr. Quratulain Bakhteari (Director) and Mr. Barkat Shah (Faculty Member) was presented, “Education in Traditional Societies, experiences from Balochistan” was prepared and presented.

Saarc Award
The main objectives of the SAARC Award shall be to encourage individuals and organizations based in South Asia to undertake programs and activities complementing the efforts of SAARC; to encourage individuals and organizations in South Asia contributing to the improvement of the conditions of women and children; to honor outstanding contributions and achievements of individuals and organizations within the region in the fields of peace, development, poverty alleviation, environment protection and regional cooperation making the SAARC Award the most valuable prize in the region; and to honor any other outstanding contributions and achievements, not covered above, of individuals and organizations in the region. The SAARC award has been decided and was given to former Bangladesh president Zia-ur Rahman. Rahman, husband of Bangladesh Prime Minister Khaleda Zia, had played a key role in formation of the SAARC in 1985 and conferment of the award coincides with the 20th anniversary of the organization. Skoll Award

INSTITUTE FOR DEVELOPMENT STUDIES & PRACTICES

Conference on Education
Mr. Raziq Faheem and Dr. Quratulain Bakhteari were invited to be one of the panelists on International Conference on Education organized by the Aga Khan Education Services Pakistan in Karachi. He presented a variety of interventions that IDSP is taking in the context of education in Pakistan. Observing Islamic Life in the us Mr. Raziq Faheem and Dr. Quratulain Bakhteari went to USA for a four weeks sabbatical organized by Dr. Riffat

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social entrepreneurs whose work has the potential for largescale influence on critical challenges of our time: environmental sustainability, health, tolerance and human rights, institutional responsibility, social and economic equality, peace and security. These issues are at the heart of the Foundation's vision: empowering people to create a peaceful, prosperous, sustainable world. Skoll social entrepreneurs are innovators who have achieved proof of concept, are poised to replicate or scale up toward systemic social change and have a message that will resonate with those whose resources are crucial to advancing large-scale, long-term solutions. The Skoll Awards are designed for leaders who will find and contribute value in a peer network committed to continuous learning and in adding their stories to the Foundation's ongoing celebration of the power of social entrepreneurs. Skoll Awards provide second-round, or mezzanine funding, structured as core support in the form of grants, loans or a combination of the two. Qualifying organizations will be led by a social entrepreneur IDSP is along the top ten contestants for the award which will be decided in early 2006.

Infaq Foundation
IDSP has presented its Strategic Plan to INFAQ foundation to support its programs and it's University Campus in Quetta, Balochistan. The Foundation is very keen to support IDSP in long term as its partner. The proposal of IDSP will be presented in the upcoming Board Meeting of INFAQ to be held in January 2006 and hopefully it will be funded.

Government of Balochitan, Provision of Land
The Honorable Chief Minster Mr. Jam Mir Mohammed Yousaf, while inaugurating the IDSP Information and Learning Center Khuzdar announced a land of 4 acres for the IDSP University Campus in Quetta. After a very thorough and detailed work, including all normative processes of acquiring government land IDSP has been successfully awarded a land on the outskirts of Quetta near Hanna Valley. IDSP is required to generate 4 million rupees for the lease of the land for thirty years.

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Financial Report

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IDSP-PAKISTAN ANNUAL REPORT 2005 (DRAFT) IDSP-PAKISTAN ANNUAL REPORT 2005

Kharan

Awaran

Loralai

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