Mns Report 40 | Herbalism | Ayurveda

BULLETIN

MNS September 2011

MEDICINAL PLANTS AND EXTRACTS
MARKET NEWS SERVICE (MNS)
QUARTERLY EDITION

Disclaimer
This report has been prepared without formal editing, as a service to exporters and industries in developing countries by the Market News Service (MNS), Division of Market Development, International Trade Centre, The Joint Agency of the World Trade Organization and The United Nations. No part of this report may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means, without prior permission in writing from the International Trade Centre. The mention of specific companies or of certain commercial products and brand names does not imply that they are endorsed or recommended by ITC in preference to others of a similar nature that are not mentioned. The designations employed and the presentation of material on the map do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the International Trade Centre concerning the legal status of any Country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

Prepared by Josef Brinckmann & Associates ITC Consultant Contacts for Medicinal Plants & Extracts Information Providers: Market intelligence, production and trade data, regulatory news, standards and specifications: Mr. Josef Brinckmann at brink@sonic.net Botanical prices, currency rates, trade event listings, global directory of herbal trade associations: Ms. Tasha Goldberg at tashagoldberg@yahoo.com Cover Picture: Senna plant (Cassia angustifolia) ©2007 Steven Foster. For more information on medicinal and aromatic plant photography by Steven Foster Group, Inc., please visit: http://www.stevenfoster.com

2

EDITORS NOTE
MNS Medicinal Plant and Extracts report is a formatted version of a news and information bulletin prepared by the International Trade Centre to promote international trade in medicinal plants and botanical extracts. The revised version of the report includes substantially more information on the structure and function of the market. These additional features have been included after extensive consultation with existing subscribers and trade experts. For subscription details please contact MNS in Geneva at the address given below. Coverage: Issue No. 40 includes six regional reviews: 1. AFRICA: Algeria, Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Congo, Côte d‘Ivoire, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mayotte, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Réunion, Rwanda, Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic, São Tomé and Príncipe, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Africa, South Sudan, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Tunisia, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. 2. CHINA and other East Asian Countries: Brunei, Cambodia, China, Indonesia, Japan, Laos, Malaysia, Mongolia, Myanmar, North Korea, Philippines, Singapore, South Korea, Taiwan, Thailand, Timor-Leste, and Viet Nam. 3. EUROPE: Albania, Andorra, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Malta, Moldova, Monaco, Montenegro, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Ukraine, and United Kingdom. 4. INDIA and other Asian Countries: Afghanistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Georgia, India, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Lebanon, Maldives, Oman, Nepal, Pakistan, Palestine, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Sri Lanka, Syria, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, United Arab Emirates, Uzbekistan, and Yemen. 5. NORTH AMERICA: Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Canada, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Granada, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago, and the United States of America. 6. SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Columbia, Ecuador, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay, and Venezuela. The regional reviews cover the six main producing regions of the world. Information on Oceanic countries will be covered from time to time in a special features section of the bulletin. Scope: Each regional section includes news on  Demand and supply trends including industry news from the major producers in each region  Indicative prices of raw materials  Indicative prices of herbal extracts  Trade specifications commonly used in each region.  Trade fairs and conferences Prices: Prices and quotations are in US dollars per kilo unless otherwise stated. They should be considered indicative only and reflect the price of a product of a specific grade or quality from the specified origin. The level of marker compounds (for chemical standardization of extracts) referred to in quotes is those commonly found in the industry. They do not imply any sort of ― trading standard‖. In the pricing tables, if a botanical comes to market from both cultivation and wild collection, the order used (Cult/Wild or Wild/Cult) is based on the predominant method of harvest.

3

Switzerland Tel: +4122 730 01 11 Fax: +4122 730 05 72 E-MAIL for general enquiries mns@intracen.g.Great care should be taken when comparing prices of medicinal plants and extracts from differing origins as form structure and biochemical activity may differ considerably between very similar products.org 4 .org Web: http://www. PhEur-grade or USP-grade) commonly used by exporters and importers. Specifications: The selected specification sheets given are actual industry specifications or specified quality grades (e.org E-MAIL for subscriptions: mns-subs@intracen. 1211 Geneva 10. Subscriptions: To subscribe to the MNS Medicinal Plants and Extracts report or learn more about the many other MNS services provided by ITC please contact: Market News Service (MNS) International Trade Centre UNCTAD/WTO Palais des Nations. We do not guarantee their content or accuracy nor wish to imply that they have any legal status in trade.mnsonline.

3612 8. Mexico). Each review analyzes and summarizes the production scenario.86 1. regulatory framework and therapeutic uses of the botanical in the destination countries.1102 17.735 Japanese Yen JPY 77. market access information. Candelilla wax (North America.6875 Moroccan Dirham MAD 8.0095 Mexican Peso MXN 12.3658 5 .3925 Egyptian Pound EGP 5.2 Peruvian Nuevo Sol PEN 2.1716 1.7275 Russian Ruble RUB 30. Trade Specifications: Each edition contains trade specifications for medicinal plants and/or their extractives from each of six covered regions. Brazil).2076 4. Chrysanthemum flower (Eastern Asian Countries: China). Rates of Exchange: 11 September 2011 CURRENCY CODE UNITS 1 / USD British Pound GBP 0. France). South Africa). Albania. culinary and aromatic plant harvest sites. Links to Sustainability Standards and Guidance Documents Relevant to the Global Trade of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants and Extracts: Each edition includes a regularly updated section providing links to further information on the various sustainability standards being implemented at medicinal. 40 includes six regional reviews each with a special focus on one selected high-volume exported botanical from the region.0000 10.7306 8. processors. Rauwolfia root (India and other Asian countries). Bulgaria. specifications.3279 11. grade and quality standards.6297 Canadian Dollar CAD 0.205 Nepalese Rupee NPR 73.9833 EURO EUR 0.9967 Chinese Yuan Renminbi CNY 6. the standards setting organizations and certification or verification organizations. export trade data. wild collectors. councils and export promotion organizations that represent the growers.725 41.765 Malaysian Ringgit MYR 3.973 3.SPECIAL FEATURES Issue No. Global Herb Trade Association Directory: Each edition includes a regularly updated directory with contact information for herb trade associations.0000 Source: Yahoo!® Finance Currency Converter UNITS 1 / EUR 0.2059 99. and Jaborandi leaf tincture (South America.062 South African Rand ZAR 7.2095 United States Dollar USD 1.6476 63.8929 1. English lavender flower (Europe.9508 1. Back Issues: Each edition also includes an alphabetical reference list of trade specifications that are available in back issues of the MNS since 2001.8284 106.0572 9. and traders of medicinal herbs and extracts.8837 Taiwan Dollar TWD 29.7322 Hong Kong Dollar HKD 7. and more.286 Swiss Franc CHF 0.2068 39.7962 Indian Rupee INR 46. In this issue you will find specifications from each of the six regions for botanical ingredients that are used as components of herbal medicinal products and/or natural health products: Aloe ferox bitter powder (Africa.

Some Useful Terminology AEZ: API: AYUSH: BP: CBD: CCC: CCCCS: cfu/g: C&F: CFR: CIF: CITES: CL: C/S: COMTRADE: COSEWIC: EDQM: EMEA: Essential Oils: Extracts: Agri Export Zones Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India Ayurveda. insurance. airport. means the price includes cost and freight charges Seller has the same responsibilities as when shipping FOB. obtained from a botanically defined plant raw material by steam distillation. and other charges incurred in placing the merchandise alongside the carrier at the port of export Free carrier: seller is responsible for costs until the buyer's named freight carrier takes charge Full container load Fairtrade Labelling Organizations International Free On Board . or a suitable mechanical process without heating Preparations of liquid (liquid extracts and tinctures). Forest Stewardship Council Free Trade Agreement Fair Trade Certified FairWild Certified FairWild Foundation Good Agricultural and Collection Practice 6 EXW: Farm Gate Price: FAS: FAS Value: FCA: FCL: FLO: FOB: FOR & FOT: FSC: FTA: FTC: FWC: FWF: GACP: . Seller is responsible for packing. both refer to goods being carried by rail and should only be used when the goods are carried by rail. labeling. but shipping costs are prepaid by the seller Cost Insurance Freight. Value of exports at the seaport. and preparing goods for shipment on a specified date or time frame Refers to the dollar value of agricultural products that you receive from direct farm sales or the value of primary products used for processing Free alongside ship . Seller arranges for transport of the goods. Unani.Buyer arranges for ocean transport.Buyer arranges for pick up of goods at the seller's location. preparing goods for shipment. dry distillation. labeling. Seller is responsible for packing. usually of complex composition.means that the price only includes the cost of the item. The risk of loss or damage is transferred when the goods are loaded onto the rail. or border port of exportation. Siddha and Homoeopathy British Pharmacopoeia Convention on Biodiversity Standard Classification of Commodities of the Republic of China Commodity Classification for China Customs Statistics Colony-forming units per gram Cost & Freight. Yoga and Naturopathy. means the price includes cost. semi-solid (soft extracts and oleoresins) or solid (dry extracts) consistency obtained from Herbal Drugs or animal matter prepared by suitable methods using ethanol or other suitable solvents Ex works . freight and insurance Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Flora & Fauna Container load Cut and sifted Commodity Trade Statistics Database Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada European Directorate for the Quality of Medicines European Medicines Agency Odorous product. preparing goods for shipment and delivering the goods to the dock. and loading the goods onto the vessel Free On Rail or Free on Truck. based on the transaction price including inland freight.

flaxseed) is in the grain elevator Indian Trade Classification Harmonized System International Trade Centre / UNCTAD / WTO Medicinal and Aromatic Plants Not less than Natural Health Product (Canada) North American Industry Classification System Not Elsewhere Specified Or Included Not more than National Organic Program (USDA) Non Timber Forest Products Over the Counter medicines: Medicines sold without a prescription Powdered Extract European Pharmacopoeia Pharmacopée Française Soft Extract Tea bag cut Traditional Chinese Medicine Traditional Herbal Medicine Traditional Herbal Medicinal Product Thin Layer Chromatography Unani Pharmacopoeia of India United States Dollar United States Department of Agriculture United States Pharmacopeia Value Added Tax 7 . usually in dried form but sometimes fresh. extracts. Certain exudates that have not been subjected to a specific treatment are also considered to be herbal drugs Consist exclusive of one or more Herbal Drugs intended for oral aqueous preparations by means of decoction. parts of plants. tinctures.GAP: GMP: ha: Herbal Drug Preparations: Herbal Drugs: Herbal Teas: HPLC: HPTLC: HS Code: I/S: ITC (HS) ITC MAP: NLT: NHP: NAICS: NESOI: NMT: NOP: NTFP: OTC: PE: PhEur: PhFr: SE: TBC: TCM: THM: THMP: TLC: UPI: USD: USDA: USP: VAT: Good Agricultural Practice Good Manufacturing Practice Hectare Obtained by subjecting Herbal Drugs to treatments such as extraction. distillation. expression. fractionation. fungi or lichen.g. fragmented. infusion or maceration. algae. expressed juices and processed exudates Whole. concentration or fermentation. purification. These include comminuted or powdered herbal drugs. usually supplied in bulk form or in sachets High Performance Liquid Chromatography High Performance Thin Layer Chromatography Harmonized System Code In-store meaning the herb (e. essential oils. or cut plants. in an unprocessed state.

November 2003.: A. growing wild throughout Africa. South Africa. barbadensis) Lu hui (芦荟) (A. barbadensis) iKhala (A. Aloe perryi Baker (Yemen). arborescens) iNhlaba. with species found mainly in the drier areas. Ghikwar (A. f. barbadensis) Kaapse Aloi. South Africa. ferox). (Mozambique. Ghikanvar. ferox) Musabhar. ferox) Aloe vera (A. barbadensis) Musabbar. Swaziland. and Aloe spicata L. There are approximately 360 species and subspecies in the succulent plant genus Aloe. Sahasara. Elva. Swaziland. Kanya (A. Kap-Aloe (A. ferox). Mozambique. Zimbabwe). Ailva. Unomaweni (A. Available at: http://www. ferox and/or A. which 1 is only known in cultivation. Aloe vera (L.) Aloe ferox Miller and hybrids of this species with Aloe africana Miller and Aloe spicata Baker Aloe barbadensis Miller (syn. Tapaalwyn (A. barbadensis) Sibr (A.pdf 8 . barbadensis) Kumari (A.) Burm. barbadensis). ferox) Sibr (A. Zimbabwe).) Aloe arborescens Miller Aloe perryi Baker Bitteraalwyn. South Africa). Review of Significant Trade: East African Aloes. ferox).2. 9.AFRICA  ALOE PRODUCTION AND TRADE FROM AFRICA Aloe is among Africa‘s most important medicinal plant offerings to the global natural ingredients trade. Cape aloe (A. Aloë (A. Aloe vera (L. Kransaalwyn (A.cites. Other species traded globally and used as components of cosmetic. Aloès de Curaçao (A. Aloès du Cap (A. Inkalane (A. ferox) Aloès des Barbades. barbadensis) Kumarirasasambhava. umHlaba (A.) Burm. vera). vera).f. barbadensis). PC14 Doc. Bergaalwyn. Global trade is dominated however by products of the species Aloe barbadensis (syn. arborescens). Aloe andongensis Baker (Angola).org/eng/com/pc/14/E-PC14-09-02-02-A4. Annex 4. Uitenhaagsaalwyn (A. food and/or medicinal products are wild harvested including Aloe africana Miller (harvested in South Africa). Commerce and Botanical names African aloe: Barbados aloe: Cape aloe: Curaçao aloe: Krantz aloe: Perry‘s aloe: Common names Afrikaans: Arabic: Ayurvedic pharmacopoeia: Chinese: Dutch: English: French: German: Hindi: Indian trade name: Persian: Sanskrit: Sesotho: Spanish: Unani pharmacopoeia: Urdu: Xhosa: Zulu: Pharmacopoeial names Aloe barbadensis Aloe capensis Aloe pulverata Aloes extractum siccum normatum Aloe africana Miller Aloe barbadensis Miller (syn. Sibr. ferox) Aloe de Barbados (A. ferox) Curaçao-Aloes (A. Aloe arborescens Miller (Malawi. and into the Arabian Peninsula and islands off the East Coast from Socotra to Madagascar in the Indian Ocean. Aloe del Cabo (A. africana) Sibr (A. Aloe ferox Miller (Lesotho.2. barbadensis) Kanyasara (A. Ghritra Kumari. barbadensis) Lekhala la Quthing (A. f. barbadensis). arborescens) Barbados Aloes Cape Aloes Powdered Aloes Standardized Aloes Dry Extract 1 Convention on International Trade in Endangered Flora and Fauna (CITES). Kumari (A.

washed. Source: CCC 1302198000 Saps or extracts of Aloe Vera in bulk liquid form used for the manufacture of cosmetic products or food products. pasteurized. Source: HTSUS 2008998000 Aloe Vera (frozen). packaged in 250 ml pop-top cans and ready for immediate consumption. and publishing statistical data related to the U. used as a food additive or supplement. Source: BTI 2202901099 A ready-to-drink health drink made from Aloe Vera inner leaf gel. Source: BTI 3305900000 Hair styling gel containing stabilized Aloe Vera Gel.  Aloe andongensis: Native to Angola (Pungo Andongo in the Cuanzo Norte district).. Source: HTSUS 2202901019 Aloe Vera gel drink as a food supplement. put up for retail sale Source: BTI 21069099 Aloe Vera gel (drinkable). 2011. put up for retail sale in 1 liter containers.gov/eos/www/naics 9 . Source: BTI 3306100000 Toothpastes containing stabilized Aloe Vera Gel. put up for retail sale. Swaziland.g. put up for retail sale (e. Source: HTSUS 210690 Aloe Vera tablets. or moisturizing products containing Aloe Vera Gel for animal or human use. Source: HTSUS 2106909998 Aloe dietary supplement products in liquid form. Source: BTI 3307100000 Shaving preparations containing Aloe Vera Gel.Harmonized System Tariff Codes (HS Codes) 1211908590 Aloe Vera Gel. Source: BTI 3305100000 Shampoos containing stabilized Aloe Vera Gel.census. In: U. Available at: http://www. Customs rulings for Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States (HTSUS) WCO World Customs Organization (WCO) Compendium of Classification Opinions North American Industry Classification System Code (NAICS Code) 111998 Aloe farming is classified under the 6-digit NAICS Code 111998 (All Other 2 Miscellaneous Crop Farming). and Mexico's Instituto Nacional de Estadistica y Geografia to allow for a high level of comparability in business statistics among the North American countries. 60 tablets). South Africa. Source: BTI 1302199040 Aloe Ferox Bitter Crystal and Aloe Ferox Bitter Powder.S. not put up for retail sale. analyzing. Native habitat and distribution  Aloe africana: Native to South Africa (southeastern part in the Eastern Cape). It was developed jointly by the U.11% aloin) and excipients. imported in bulk form. aloe vera pulp. Source: HTSUS 2309909990 Aloe Vera Drinking Gel for animals. The North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) is the standard used by Federal statistical agencies in classifying business establishments for the purpose of collecting. Census Bureau | North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) | (888) 756-2427 | naics@census. Source: BTI 1302190050 Aloe extracts. consisting of 3% aloe vera powder (containing 0. put up for retail sale. Source: BTI 2202909090 Aloe Vera Drink. flavored by either lime juice or honey. Source: BTI 3305300000 Hair sprays containing Aloe Vera.S.S. NAICS was developed under the auspices of the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). Economic Classification Policy Committee (ECPC). Source: CCC 3304990000 Aloe Vera Gel beauty and cosmetic creams. fresh. and frozen).  Aloe arborescens: Native to Malawi. Source: WCO 2106909260 Capsules containing freeze dried powdered Aloe Vera. Source: CAPMAS 13021910000 Saps and extracts of Aloes (other than extracted oleoresins). Mozambique. and Zimbabwe. and adopted in 1997 to replace the Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) system. and sugar. business economy. as chips (3 × 3 × 3 mm) for use as raw material for drink preparations for food industry. Statistics Canada.S. from South Africa. a pulpy mass from fresh leaves (diced.gov | Last Revised: February 18. Source: BTI 3307900000 Skin cleansing. massage. 2 Aloe farming. consisting of aloe vera juice. Source: BTI 33019016003 Extracted oleoresins of Aloes. Source: BTI HS Code Sources Legend: BTI Binding Tariff Information (BTI) rulings of the European Commission Taxation and Customs Union CAPMAS Central Agency for Public Mobilization And Statistics (CAPMAS) Arab Republic of Egypt CCC Standard Classification of Commodities (CCC) of the Republic of China (Taiwan) HTSUS U.

known in commerce as Cape Aloe (Fam. Aloe ferox: Native and endemic to South Africa and Lesotho. New Delhi. In China. southern 7 Lesotho and into southern KwaZulu-Natal. Yemen. Mangal AK.: A. April 2001. 4 Handa SS. Available at: http://flora. most of the tropics 3 and warmer areas of the world. southern United States of America [States of Florida.cites. Volume 1. In: WHO Monographs on Selected Medicinal Plants. Aloe.  Aloe barbadensis (syn. Gujarat and southern India. Available at: http://www.edu/china/PDF/PDF24/aloe. through the Eastern Cape Province.24:160-161. 5 Central Council for Research in Unani Medicine (CCRUM).0). and Mumbai. India: Regional Research Laboratory Council of Scientific & Industrial Research. 1992. 1998. contains 19. and Zimbabwe. Japan). vera): Widely cultivated mainly in North America (Mexico [States of Tamaulipas and San Luis Potosi]. Cosmetic Ingredients and Substances (CosIng®) Database.0% to 21. Swaziland and Zimbabwe. Product definitions: 11 Aloe USP: The dried latex of the leaves of Aloe barbadensis Mill. dry 6 Yuan Jiang valley in southern Yunnan Province. Aloe Vera Gel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Malaysia). 14 European Commission Health & Consumers Directorate. 1999. 1999. (Liliaceae). Rockville.1137-1139. Switzerland: CITES. Gilbert MG. and hybrids of this species with Aloe africana Mill.pdf 9 United States International Trade Commission (USITC). Volume 1. Geneva. St. Mundkinajeddu D. Available at: http://www. Net exports of Appendix II Plants. In: Indian Herbal Pharmacopoeia. Switzerland: WHO. Available at: http://www. Available at: http://ec. 2011. Brazil and Argentina). 2006.0% of hydroxyanthracene derivatives. 2011. Barg-E-Gheekwar.). Liliaceae). 2004-2009. 10  Aloe ferox: Mainly wild collected in South Africa. MO: Flora of China Editorial Committee.43-49. Brussels. also Lesotho. or of Aloe ferox Mill. India. Belgium: A TRAFFIC Europe Report for the European Commission. 12 World Health Organization. this species may be naturalized in the hot. also in Malawi. Mozambique. MD: United States Pharmacopeial Convention. Geneva. European (Italy) and South American countries (Uruguay). Costa Rica. 13 European Pharmacopoeial Commission. Thailand.cites. France: European Directorate for the Quality of Medicines (EDQM). and Asia (China. 12 Aloe Vera Gel WHO: The colorless mucilaginous gel obtained from the parenchymatous cells in the fresh leaves of Aloe vera (L.2000. Aloe perryi: Native and endemic to the island of Socotra. 6 Chen Xinqi. 7th edition (PhEur 7.11-17. or a mixture of both. May 2008. Cape Aloe. In: European Pharmacopoeia. (Aloe vera L. if necessary (dried extract). Washington. In: WHO Monographs on Selected Medicinal Plants. subsequently introduced and naturalized in the Mediterranean region. Belgium: European Commission. 4 especially in the hot dry valleys of northwestern Himalayas. 2004-2009.gov/publications/332/pub4000. vera): Probably native to northern Africa along the upper Nile in the Sudan. Strasbourg. Aloe.pdf 10 Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES). 9 Louisiana and Arizona]. Caribbean Region: Review of Economic Growth and Development. South Africa.eu/consumers/cosmetics/cosing 10 . Geneva. Jammu-Tawi. known in commerce as Curaçao Aloe.: A. Aloe Extract and Juice Products that are used in cosmetics as listed in the European Commission 14 Cosmetic Ingredients & Substances (CosIng) Database: 3 World Health Organization (WHO). Aloe Vera Gel. Net exports of Appendix II Plants.org/common/com/PC/19/E19i-02. South America (coastal Venezuela. f. In: Flora of China. 8 Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES). India: CCRUM. Main producing areas of main traded species 8  Aloe arborescens: Wild collected in South Africa. Guatemala. 332-496. Dominican Republic. Widely cultivated in Asian (China. expressed as barbaloin adjusted.pdf 7 Knapp.54-59. In: Standardisation of Single Drugs of Unani Medicine. and Netherland Antilles ). and Aloe spicata Baker. Also some supply from cultivation. In: United States Pharmacopeia 34rd Revision National Formulary 29th Edition (USP34-NF29). Aloe Barbadensis. Barbados Aloe has become completely naturalized in India. Part II. Its distribution extends from the Swellendam district in the Western Cape Province.) Burm. April 2001. Brussels. Investigation No. Switzerland: CITES.usitc. 13 Standardized Aloes Dry Extract PhEur: Prepared from Barbados aloes or Cape aloes. Swaziland. Barbados Aloe. Volume I. A review of the trade in Aloe ferox. Geneva. DC: USITC.org/common/com/PC/19/E19i-02. Louis.harvard. Texas. Israel. A.huh.pdf 11 United States Pharmacopoeial Convention.europa. India: Indian Drug Manufacturers‘ Association. and grows wild along the coasts of 5 Mumbai. Switzerland: World Health Organization. with a focus on the role of the European Union. Aloe spicata: Mozambique.    Aloe barbadensis (syn.

Functions: Antioxidant. powdered dried juice. Functions: Humectant. Liliaceae. A. CAS #: 84649-82-1. Skin Conditioning. Aloe ferox. Functions: Skin Conditioning. 12. 6. Aloe Arborescens Leaf Juice is the liquid expressed from the leaves of Aloe arborescens. EINECS #: 283-462-8. CAS #: 85507-69-3 / 94349-62-9. 8. CAS #: 84649-82-1. 21. Liliaceae. Functions: Masking. Xanthorrhoeaceae. ferox. 2. Liliaceae. Aloe Andongensis Leaf Juice is the liquid expressed from the leaves of Aloe andongensis. CAS #: 85507-69-3 / 94349-62-9. Functions: Skin Conditioning. polysaccharide fraction. Liliaceae. Functions: Masking. Functions: Skin Conditioning. A. Aloe spp. Skin Conditioning. Aloe ferox. Aloe Ferox Leaf Juice Extract is an extract of the juice of the leaf of the aloe. CAS # 85507-69-3 / 94349-62-9. protoplast. Aloe barbadensis. Skin Conditioning. Aloe Barbadensis Callus Culture Extract is the extract of a culture of the callus cells of Aloe barbadensis. Functions: Humectant. and resin) of various Aloe species (e. Liliaceae. Liliaceae. Liliaceae. Functions: Skin Conditioning. EINECS/ELINCS # 287-390-8 / 305181-2. Liliaceae. 19. Aloe barbadensis. 18. Liliaceae. Aloe Barbadensis Leaf Water is an aqueous solution of the steam distillate obtained from the leaves of the aloe. extract. and A. CAS #: 85507-69-3 / 94349-62-9. CAS #: 84649-82-1. Skin Conditioning. Functions: Skin Conditioning. 10. Aloe Barbadensis Leaf Juice Powder is the powder obtained from the dried juice leaves of the aloe. Skin Conditioning. Aloe perryi. CAS #: 84837-08-1. Soothing. 4. 22. Aloe Arborescens Flower Extract is an extract of the flowers of Aloe arborescens. powdered plant material. Aloe barbadensis. Aloe Ferox Leaf Extract is an extract of the leaves of Aloe ferox. thus avoiding oxidation and rancidity). Liliaceae. EINECS #: 283-462-8. Liliaceae. Aloe ferox. Functions: Perfuming. CAS #: 85507-69-3 / 94349-62-9. andongensis. Aloe Barbadensis Leaf Juice is the juice expressed from the leaves of the aloe. Aloe barbadensis. Liliaceae. Aloe Ferox Leaf Juice is the liquid expressed from the leaves of the aloe. Liliaceae. Functions: Skin Conditioning. EINECS #: 287-390-8 / 305181-2. 15. EINECS #: 287-390-8 / 305-181-2. CAS #: 84649-82-1. expressed juice.g. 9. Functions: Emollient. CAS #: 85507-69-3 / 94349-62-9. Functions: Emollient. Functions: Skin Conditioning. EINECS #: 291-065-6. EINECS #: 284-293-2. A. Humectant. 11. 14. 5. barbadensis. Liliaceae. Aloe Barbadensis Extract is the extract of the whole plant. Functions: Moisturizing. Liliaceae. EINECS #: 287-390-8 / 305-181-2. Functions: Humectant. aqueous solution of steam distillate. Aloe Barbadensis Flower Extract is an extract of the flowers of the aloe.. Aloe barbadensis. various processed forms (e. 16. EINECS #: 283-462-8. Functions: Emollient. EINECS #: 287-390-8 / 305-181-2. Functions: Emollient. Function: Skin Conditioning. Aloe barbadensis. EINECS #: 283-462-8. Aloe Barbadensis Leaf Powder is the powder obtained from the dried ground leaves of the aloe. Cosmetic uses In the EU. Oral Care. Aloe Perryi Extract is an extract of the whole plant. Skin Conditioning. 17. Aloe Arborescens Leaf Protoplasts are the protoplast obtained from the leaves of Aloe arborescens. Aloe Barbadensis Leaf is a plant material from the leaves of the aloe.g. Liliaceae. 20. Aloe Barbadensis Leaf Polysaccharides is the polysaccharide fraction isolated from the leaf of the aloe. CAS #: 85507-69-3 / 94349-62-9. Liliaceae. Aloe andongensis. arborescens. Aloe barbadensis. Film Forming. Humectant. Aloe barbadensis. Liliaceae. Aloe Barbadensis Leaf Extract is an extract of the leaves of the aloe. Aloe Andongensis Leaf Extract is an extract of the leaves of the aloe. 11 . perryi) are used for various different functions in cosmetic products including antioxidant (inhibits reactions promoted by oxygen. Aloe Arborescens Leaf Extract is an extract of the leaves of Aloe arborescens. EINECS #: 287-390-8 / 305-181-2. Aloe Ferox Leaf Juice Powder is the powder obtained from the dried juice of the leaf of the aloe. Functions: Skin Conditioning. emollient (softens and smooths the skin). 7. Functions: Skin Conditioning. 13. Liliaceae. CAS #: 85507-69-3 / 94349-62-9. CAS #: 8001-97-6. EINECS/ELINCS # 287-390-8 / 305-181-2. Aloe barbadensis. Skin Conditioning. A. CAS #: 90320-39-1. Liliaceae. 3.1. Aloe Species Resin is a resin obtained from various species of aloe. Skin Conditioning. EINECS #: 287-390-8 / 305-181-2.

skin conditioning (maintains the skin in good condition). aloe (plant parts. insect bites. Available at: http://webprod.gov. Available at: http://ec. a continuous film on skin. Medical advice should be sought for the care of more serious burns. and abrasions.510 Natural flavoring substances and natural substances used in conjunction with flavors. chafing rashes and irritation of other sensitive skin areas. sun lotions. chafing rashes and irritation of other sensitive skin areas. Insufficient data to permit final classification of the effectiveness of Aloe vera gel proposed as an OTC 19 antigingivitis / antiplaque active ingredient. In most cases the gel must be freshly prepared because of its sensitivity to enzymatic. Volume 1. barbadensis.Table 1: Therapeutic uses of Aloe vera gel Source Australian Therapeutic Goods Administration (TGA) Therapeutic use Aids the relief of sunburn. Belgium: European Commission. and internal administration of the gel has not been shown to exert any consistent therapeutic effect. Health Canada Natural Health Products Directorate (NHPD) United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) World Health Organization (WHO) 15 16 17 European Commission Health & Consumers Directorate. 1999. protecting).gpo.68(103):32232-32287: http://www. The gel is further used in the cosmetics industry as a hydrating ingredient in liquids. Parts 170-199. and face packs. Available at https://www. Medical advice should 17 be sought for the care of more serious burns. 31 October 2008. insect bites. In: Australian Register of Therapeutic Goods (ARTG).gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2011-title21-vol3/pdf/CFR-2011-title21-vol3-sec172-510. Establishment of a Monograph. Federal Register. 2008. Category III Active Ingredient (insufficient data to permit final classification).au/servlet/xmlmillr6?dbid=ebs/PublicHTML/pdfStore. fluid and solid extracts) obtained from Aloe perryi. upon application. Both thermal and radiation burns healed faster with less necrosis when treated with preparations containing Aloe Vera Gel. Washington (DC): National Archives and Records Administration. Federal Register. FDA also proposes that certain Aloe vera ingredients that are not ― generally recognized as safe and effective‖ (GRASE) and are without an approved new drug application (NDA) to be classified as Category II (nonmonograph). §172. lip balms.fda. or microbial degradation. Cosmetic Ingredients and Substances (CosIng®) Database.g. hair or nails). deodorizing. 2011: http://www.eu/consumers/cosmetics/cosing Food and Drug Administration. africana and A. 23 April 2010. A. Food and Drugs.film forming (produces. For the first-aid care of minor burns: cool the affected area with cold water or ice first for a suitable period before applying gel.ca/nhpidbdipsn/monoReq. Brussels. 2003. Food additive uses In the US. Traditionally used in Herbal Medicine to help relieve minor burns including sunburn. In: WHO Monographs on Selected Medicinal Plants. For the first-aid care of minor burns: cool the affected area with cold water or ice first for a suitable period before applying gel. ferox. Geneva. bruises. Switzerland: World Health Organization.43-49.hc-sc.ebs. A.pdf World Health Organization.fda. Antigingivitis / Antiplaque Drug Products. 21 CFR Part 356—Oral Health Care Products for Over-the-Counter Human Use. Aloe Vera Gel has been effectively used in the treatment of first. Aloe Vera Gel.europa. healing ointments. The gel is used in the treatment of minor skin irritations. shaving creams. and hybrids of this species with A. e. Therapeutic uses (Aloe Vera Gel) .pdf Therapeutic Goods Administration (TGA).gc.gov/downloads/Drugs/DevelopmentApprovalProcess/DevelopmentResources/Over-the-CounterOTCDrugs/StatusofOTCRulemakings/ucm096081. Proposed Rule. The proposal includes any topical antimicrobial drug products and/or any external analgesic drug products that contain aloe vera as well as any blemish remedies or wet dressings or other topical application drugs 20 that contain aloe vera. Aids the relief of sunburn. humectant (holds and retains moisture). creams.nsf&docid=15276&agid=%28PrintDetailsPublic%29&actionid=1 18 Health Canada Natural Health Products Directorate (NHPD). cleansing. In: Code of Federal Regulations.and second-degree thermal burns and radiation burns.73(119):34895-34902: http://www. Traditionally used in Herbal Medicine to assist healing of minor wounds such as cuts and 18 burns. Medicinal uses described in pharmacopoeias and in traditional systems of medicine: Aloe Vera Gel is widely used for the external treatment of minor wounds and inflammatory skin disorders. 21 CFR Part 310—Status of Certain Additional Over-the-Counter Drug Category II Active Ingredients. oxidative. and 15 soothing (helps lightening discomfort of the skin or of the scalp). Thursday Plantation Aloe Vera Gel. Proposed Rule. spicata may be used as a natural flavoring substance and/or natural adjuvant in food products so long as the minimum quantity required to 16 produce the intended physical or technical effect is used. Title 21. and minor skin irritations. 21 Medicinal uses supported by clinical data: None. masking (reduces or inhibits the basic odour or taste of the product). oral care (provides cosmetic effects to the oral cavity. Aloe Vera Gel is not approved as an internal medication. In: Natural Health Products Ingredients Database. Monograph: Aloe – Topical.gov/OHRMS/DOCKETS/98fr/E813826. Summary for ARTG Entry: 15276. perfuming (used for perfume and aromatic raw materials).pdf 20 21 Food and Drug Administration.do?id=32&lang=eng 19 Food and Drug Administration.tga. including burns. Aloe Vera Gel has been traditionally used as a natural remedy for burns. 12 .

and United States Pharmacopeia (USP) . France: European Directorate for the Quality of Medicines (EDQM). Listing of OTC active ingredients (updated 4/9/2010). 2007. DC: FDA. MD: United States Pharmacopeial Convention.eu/docs/en_GB/document_library/Herbal_-_Community_herbal_monograph/2009/12/WC500017826.pdf 28 Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Government of India. 2011. Part-I. In 2002.62-63. WajulMafasil (rheumatoid arthritis).pdf 24 Health Canada Natural Health Products Directorate (NHPD). Unani. In: Pharmacopoeia of the People‘s Republic of China. Ethebas-e26 Tams (Amenorrhea).do?id=31&lang=eng 25 State Pharmacopoeia Commission of the People‘s Republic of China. Storax USP (balsam obtained from the trunk of Liquidambar orientalis or of L.0). 30 Committee of the Japanese Pharmacopoeia. Government of India. Siddha and Homoeopathy (AYUSH). Action: To remove heat from the liver. In: Japanese Pharmacopoeia Fifteenth Edition (JP XV). and Tolu Balsam USP (balsam obtained from Myroxylon balsamum). Volume I. Aloe. 22 Yakrdvikara (disorder of liver). Izm-e-Tehal (enlargement of the spleen). and relax the bowels.gc. 31 State Pharmacopoeia Commission of the People‘s Republic of China. Washington. 2005.R.3-4. 2005. Ministry of Health & Family Welfare. as well as in the Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of 22 Ayurveda Pharmacopoeia Committee. UK: EMA. FDA issued a final rule stating that the stimulant laxative ingredient aloe dried latex (and extracts thereof) in over-the-counter (OTC) drug products is not generally recognized as safe and effective (GRASE) for OTC use. Waram-e-Kabid (hepatitis). In: The Unani Pharmacopoeia of India. Used in Herbal Medicine for the short-term relief of occasional constipation. FDA reclassified aloe from category I (GRASE) to category II (nonmonograph) and added it to the list of stimulant laxative ingredients for which the data are inadequate to establish general recognition of 27 safety and effectiveness for use. Federal Register. Monograph: Aloe – Oral. tonkinensis). 67(90):31125-31127: http://www. Yoga & Naturopathy. Yoga & Naturopathy. 31 October 2008: http://webprod. In: The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India. spicata).82-83. an alcoholic liquid extract prepared from a mixture of Benzoin USP (balsamic resin obtained from Styrax benzoin. africana and A. New Delhi. Cape Aloe. Herbal medicinal product for short-term use in cases of occasional constipation. paralleloneurus. Beijing. Jvara (fever). Qabz (constipation). mainly Aloe ferox Miller and its hybrids. Sibr. 7th edition (PhEur 7. Final rule. Kanyasara.gov/downloads/Drugs/DevelopmentApprovalProcess/DevelopmentResources/Over-theCounterOTCDrugs/StatusofOTCRulemakings/ucm094018. ferox and hybrids of this species with A. 21 CFR Part 310—Status of Certain Additional Over-the-Counter Drug Category II and II Active Ingredients. In: Natural Health Products Ingredients Database. 32 United States Pharmacopoeial Convention. Indications: Constipation. China: People‘s Medical Publishing House. In: Pharmacopoeia of the People‘s Republic of China. English Edition 2005. Ottawa. Barbados Aloe.3-4.Therapeutic Uses (Aloes dried latex) Table 2: Therapeutic uses of Aloes latex (dried juice of Aloe barbadensis and/or Aloe ferox) Source Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India (API) European Medicines Agency (EMEA) Health Canada Natural Health Products Directorate (NHPD) Pharmacopoeia of the People‘s Republic of China (PPRC) Unani Pharmacopoeia of India (UPI) United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Therapeutic use Udararoga (diseases of abdomen). Japan: Ministry of Health Labour and Welfare. Volume-I.R.europa. London. Pharmacopoeia of the People‘s Republic of China 31 32 (PPRC) . Ontario: NHPD. Tokyo. Japanese Pharmacopoeia (JP) . 13 . In: European Pharmacopoeia. Siddha and Homoeopathy (AYUSH).1137-1139. Strasbourg. 26 Oct 2006: http://www. Aloe. India: Department of Ayurveda. There are pharmacopoeial monographs published for Aloes published in the European Pharmacopoeia 29 30 (PhEur) . Used in 24 Herbal Medicine to promote bowel movement (by direct action on the large intestine). First Edition. 23 European Medicines Agency (EMA) Committee on Herbal Medicinal Products (HMPC). Aloe. or S. 27 Food and Drug Administration (FDA). P.gov/downloads/AboutFDA/CentersOffices/CDER/UCM135688. English Edition 2005. S. 25 external use for eczema and ringworm. Kastartrava (dysmenorrheal). Rockville.hc-sc. In: United States Pharmacopeia 34 rd Revision National Formulary 29th Edition (USP34-NF29). Aloe.fda.ca/nhpidbdipsn/monoReq. India: Department of Ayurveda. 09 April 2010: http://www. 09 May 2002. 26 Unani Pharmacopoeia Committee.1254-1255. infantile malnutrition due to improper feeding and convulsion. P. Deedan-e-Ama (helminthiasis). 23 Traditionally used in Herbal Medicine as a stimulant laxative. Aloe USP (dried latex of the leaves of Aloe barbadensis or of A.ema. Quality Standards Before exporting it is important to understand the various defined quality grades and standards that buyers (and/or regulations in destination market) may specify and/or require. Aloe dried latex (Aloe USP) however occurs as a component of a Category I GRASE OTC drug product Compound Benzoin Tincture USP. 2011. New Delhi.pdf 29 European Pharmacopoeial Commission. 28 styraciflua). 1989. Ministry of Health & Family Welfare. Beijing. Part I. Final community herbal monograph on Aloe barbadensis Miller and on Aloe (various species. Unani. China: People‘s Medical Publishing House.fda. 2007.

Korean Herbal Pharmacopoeia (KHP) .0% watersoluble extractive NMT 5. Odor: characteristic.0% NMT 2. Standard 33 34 35 Table 3: Comparison of Selected Aloe Quality Standards Aloe JP XV Dried juice of the leaves mainly of Aloe ferox.‖ which specifies requirements and related test methods for Aloe ferox raw material intended to be used in consumer products including health. Aloe.F. Government of India. In: Farmacopea Herbolaria de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos. which can be used as the basis of quality specifications for test and release of Aloe latex (dried juice). and the potassium salt of glyphosate Regulation 40 CFR §180. India: Department of Ayurveda. In: Code of Federal Regulations. Sibr. In: The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India. In: The Korean Herbal Pharmacopoeia (English Edition).S. Secretaria de Salud. Pretoria. 34 Korea Food and Drug Administration.pdf 14 . In: The Unani Pharmacopoeia of India. First Edition. Kanyasara.India (API) . 35 Comisión Permanente de la Farmacopea de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos. calculated on the basis of dried material. sometimes the external surface covered with a yellow powder. spicata Botanic characteristics Color reaction tests Odor: has a characteristic. Unani.0% NMT 4. Siddha and Homoeopathy (AYUSH).. Government of India. New Delhi.5 ppm 33 Ayurveda Pharmacopoeia Committee.0% alcohol insoluble substances. Part 180. Mexican Herbal Pharmacopoeia (FHEUM) . the ammonium salt of glyphosate.0% of hydroxyanthracene derivatives.0% of hydroxyanthracene derivatives.0% NMT 2. M r 418. 2007. the ethanolamine salt of glyphosate. Taste: extremely bitter NLT 4. 1989. M r 418. DC: U. South Africa. New Delhi.0% NLT 10. or of hybrids of the species with A. medicinal. africana and A.0 Concentrated and dried juice of the leaves of Aloe barbadensis Cape Aloes PhEur 7.4) (dried drug) No standard NMT 10. health food. africana or A.gpo. Tolerances and exemptions for pesticide chemical residues in food.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title40-vol23/pdf/CFR-2010-title40-vol23-part180. Available at: http://www. Volume I. South African National Standard (SANS) 368: Aloe Raw Material. Government Printing Office (GPO). 2001. cosmetic.0% Tolerances for pesticide residues Table 4 shows the pesticide residue tolerances for Aloe vera established by the United States 38 Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). somewhat sour and disagreeable. expressed as barbaloin (C21H22O9. Part I. veterinary and industrial products. soluble in hot ethanol (96 %) NLT 28. Siddha and Homoeopathy (AYUSH). the dimethylamine salt of glyphosate. spicata Aloe USP 34 Dried latex of the leaves of Aloe barbadensis (Aloe vera) or of Aloe ferox and hybrids of this species with A. 37 South African Bureau of Standards (SABS).0% of barbaloin.0% Identification tests Characters Content Purity Loss on drying Total ash Color reaction ID test (1) TLC ID text (2) Appearance: blackish brown to dark brown.364 Tolerance 0. 2008. Volume-I. 36 Unani Pharmacopoeia Committee. Washington. among others.4) (dried drug) No standard NMT 12. 38 United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).0% watersoluble extractive No standard NMT 12. The South African Bureau of Standards 37 (SARB) has also established a South African National Standard (SANS) for ― Aloe raw material. or brown powder Solubility: partly soluble in boiling water. Table 3 compares the Aloe quality standards of the JP. 2010. South Korea: Korea Food and Drug Administration.0% TLC ID tests A and B Color reaction ID test C Appearance: dark brown masses. Ministry of Health & Family Welfare. Table 4: EPA-established Tolerances for Aloe vera Residue Glyphosate N-(phosphonomethyl)glycine resulting from the application of glyphosate. India: Department of Ayurveda.0% NMT 2. irregular masses. soluble in hot ethanol (96 %) NLT 18. the isopropylamine salt of glyphosate.0% resin NMT 10% ethanolinsoluble substances NMT 12. and USP. slightly shiny or opaque with a conchoidal fracture. Part-I.0 Concentrated and dried juice of the leaves of various species of Aloe. Unani. México D. NLT 50. Title 40. Ministry of Health & Family Welfare. 2002. NLT 40. Yoga & Naturopathy. or greenish-brown powder Solubility: partly soluble in boiling water. mainly Aloe ferox and its hybrids TLC ID tests A and B Color reaction ID test C Appearance: dark brown masses tinged with green and having a shiny conchoidal fracture. Aloe. Yoga & Naturopathy.10. Seoul. PhEur. odor Definition Barbados Aloes PhEur 7. 36 and Unani Pharmacopoeia of India (UPI) .82-83. expressed as barbaloin (C21H22O9.62-63.

Khalequzzaman KM. Natural Product Radiance.za http://www.organicaloe.africanaloe. Journal of Research in Biology. growth and leaf yield of Aloe vera as affected by organic manure in pot culture.za:8080/dspace/bitstream/10210/2023/1/DROSS.org/export/sites/kws/info/publications/strategies/Strategy_of_Conversation_Management_of_ALoe_BOOK_for_Web. December 2005. Available at: http://jresearchbiology. Lusweti AM. Habitat diversity. Bangalore. June 2008: http://www.afrinatural. Mukonyi KW. Advances in Environmental Biology.pdf Lubia IK. 2(3):158-163. Available at: http://www.ac.1(1):14-17: http://www. Shamsuzzaman.dmapr. World Aloe Production. Morphological and systematic analysis of multipotential species of Aloe barbadensis Mill. 2) Soil and fertilization. Available at: http://www.pdf Sahu PK.in/bitstream/123456789/9406/1/NPR%203%282%29%2085-87.co. Plant characteristics. Available at: http://www.1(3):237-241. Uddin Ahamed K.mokuti.3-4.pdf Farooqi AA.pdf Parthapan M. Hasanuzzaman M.com http://www. February 2002. 3) Propagation.5(2): 439-442. Binu Thomas. In particular.     International Aloe Science Council (IASC). 2004. Shrivastava A. Chandra R.com/aeb/2011/439-442. published by the International Aloe Science Council (IASC). Chattopadhay RN.pdf Das N. 4) Species identification. Cultivation http://www.cropj. and 6) Postharvest processing.za 15 . India: National Research Centre for Medicinal and Aromatic Plants (NRCMAP). Effect of Different Harvest Dates on Growth Characteristics and Aloin Content of Aloe Barbadensis Miller.pdf  Selected South African suppliers of Aloe ingredients African Aloe (Pty) Limited Afrigetics Botanicals Afrinatural Holdings Afriplex Bulk Botanicals Mokuti Herbs International Organic Aloe http://www. 2011. Anand.com/PDF/1st%20issues%20pdf/4.ijddhrjournal. Vasundhara M. Silver Spring.uj.pps and Market. Agarwal A. Australian Journal of Crop Science. the first listed publication. Mini-Dissertation Faculty of Science at the University of Johannesburg. Nema J. Kenya Wildlife Service. Commercial cultivation of Aloe vera.afriplex. Nahar K. 2008.org/pdfs/IASC_Aloe_vera_A_Scientific_Primer. provides Aloe vera production and cultivation information including 1) Climate. 2004. Available at: http://ujdigispace.pdf Hazrati S.aensionline. Ramezani S. 2004.org/aloe_market_presentation. 2011.3(2):85-87: http://nopr. In: Production Technology of Medicinal and Aromatic Crops. Aloe Scientific Primer. MD: IASC. Cultivation of Aloe vera.afrigetics.co.niscair. International Journal of Drug Discovery and Herbal Research.com http://www.co.com/Microsoft%20Word%20-%20main%20mirza%20158-163. India.com http://www. Available at:    Ross D. Available at: http://www. Kyalo SN.za http://www. 5) Harvesting and yields. Boriavi. Situma CA.com/Documents/RA0068. Kwazulu Natal. Strategy for Conservation and Management of Commercial Aloe Species in Kenya. Determination of sustainability of Aloe harvesting empowerment project in the Emnambithi (former Ladysmith) Municipality.iasc. Comparative performance of Aloe vera and Aloe ferox species under pH along with desiccation stresses.Production scenario Useful publications for Aloe growers and processors are available including the following listed documents.res. India: Trust for Medicinal Plant Research & Development. Sarvestani ZT.org. Aloe.co.pdf    Maiti S. Gujarat.kws.iasc. (Liliaceae) from the Southern Western Ghats of Tamil Nadu.in/Research/bulletins/Cultivation%20of%20Aloe%20vera.bulkbotanicals. 2011.pdf Rodriguez S.za http://www. Rajendran A.

54.aisc.succulentsociety. Kampala.com Web: http://ucavfa. Uganda Tel: +256-772-696702. Kadambur. San Li He Road. South Africa Tel: 011 559-3469 Fax: 011 559-241 Web: http://www. Tamilnadu.iasc.com Web: http://www. Peking. China 100045 Tel: (86-10)68527951 Fax: (86-10)68527951 E-mail: aisc-adm@vip.za Uganda Commercial Aloe Vera Farmers Association Plot 34 Rashid Khamis Road. Masindi.cn Aloe Vera Processor‘s Association of India 43/4.sina. Box 302.co. India E-mail: gans@bsnl.aloesa. P. Silver Spring.za Aloe Industry Committee China Association for Promotion of Non-Governmental Sci-Tech Enterprises (CAPSNE) 111 Room. Gauteng. Tuticorin District. Suite 918. Johannesburg. Uganda Plot 22 A Tangue Street.aloeconnect. No.O.O.Aloe Associations and Councils Aloe Council of South Africa (ACSA) P.org. South Africa Tel: +27 12 993 3588 Fax: +27 12 993 3588 Web: https://www. Box 6179.in Web: http://www. Auckland Park. P.cfsites.co.O. (PD) +256-41-345737 Fax: +256-41-257343 E-mail: ssesangaali@yahoo.org The Succulent Society of South Africa P.org 16 . Harvey Road. Hatfield.O. Box 12580. 2006. Box 524. MD 20910 USA Tel: (301)-588-2420 Fax: (301)-588-1174 Web: http://www. Xi Cheng District.com International Aloe Science Council (IASC) 8630 Fenton Street. 00287.

Arabic and English st nd editions).BOTANICAL PRODUCT SPECIFICATIONS Aloe Ferox Bitter Powder a product of South Africa PRODUCT Botanical name Pharmacopoeial name Part used Production Preservatives Cultivated or wild Packing Storage IDENTIFICATION Characters Aloe Ferox Bitter Powder Aloe ferox Miller (Fam.africanaloe.6 FOB Origin Notes: (1) Quality Standards: Official quality standards monographs for most the above listed botanical raw th materials can be found in either the Egyptian Pharmacopoeia (4 edition 2005. Bitter powder specifications: http://www. unique Taste: extremely bitter Less than 8% 92% Greater than 8% aloin BOTANICAL RAW MATERIALS (indicative bulk prices) Product Chamomile flower** Clove flower bud Fennel fruit Botanical Name Matricaria recutita Syzygium aromaticum Foeniculum vulgare Cultivated or Wild C C C Origin Egypt Madagascar/Zanzibar Egypt Price USD / kg 12 21.76 Basis FOB USA Spot NY Spot NY 39 TESTS Moisture Solids Content (Aloin) * Certified organic / **Certified organic & Fair Trade / NK = not known BOTANICAL EXTRACTS (indicative bulk prices) Product Devil's claw root dry extract (Harpagophytum procumbens) Kola nut dry extract (Cola nitida) Standard 6:1 (w/w) 10% caffeine Origin Africa Africa Price Basis USD/kg 32 FOB Origin 12. the Ghana Herbal Pharmacopoeia (1 Edition 1992. South Africa. crushing into smaller crystalline shapes.83 2. Western Province.co.html 17 . 2 Edition 2007). 39 African Aloe (Pty) Ltd.za/bitter. Uniondale. Liliaceae) Aloe Capensis Pulvis Concentrated and dried juice of the leaves Produced by removing the bitter sap from the Aloe ferox plant. processing the sap into crystalline lump form. and/or the European th Pharmacopoeia (PhEur 7 edition 2011) or French Pharmacopoeia (PhFr X). until a powder None Wild harvested 20 kg bags Stable for an unlimited time if kept in a moisture-free environment Appearance: course powder Colour: yellow / brown Consistency: homogenous powder Odour: slight.

2011 th SAHARA. 24 INTERNATIONAL AGRICULTURAL EXHIBITION FOR AFRICA AND THE MIDDLE EAST Venue: Cairo International Conference Center (CICC). government officials. Food Technology Research Institute (FTRI). Egypt Contact: TEL: +202 3346 4216 / 3344 7980 FAX: +202 3347 1155 E-MAIL: info@saharaexpo. farm managers and experts from national and foreign agricultural companies. the role of herbs and medicinal plants in complementary medicine. wholesale trade firms.tqm-herbs.bionats. PhD E-MAIL: bionat02@gmail. For Organic Farming. manufacturers and exporters of herbs and medicinal plants (ESMAP) Contact: Conference General Secretariat & Exhibition Prof.com/index-eng. agriculture and chemical industries. 2011 BIO NAT II. Samah Allam. Alexandria University.MEETINGS AND TRADE SHOWS AFRICA October 23-26. Egypt Contact: Ashraf A Khalil. banks. flavor and aroma enhancers and pharmaceutical and cosmetics. Dr. scientific associations. 2011 FOOD GATE & FRESH GATE EGYPT 2011 Venue: Congress Center. modern system in packaging technologies. spices and essential oils. Central Lab.com Exhibitor profile: Egypt‘s top producers and exporters of herbs. Giza. December 6-8. fresh fruits and vegetables. TEL: +20101160141 E-MAIL: samahallam@yahoo.com. 18 . as well as food ingredients. farmers and business people.org WEB: http://www. pharmaceutical. info@bionats.com WEB: http://www.com WEB: http://www.aecegypt. cosmetic. pharmaceuticals.feceg. functional foods.com SAHARA is attended by traders. planting and manufacturing. December 11-13. December 9-12.com and Food Export Council (FEC): http://www.saharaexpo. 2011 ST THE 1 ANNUAL MEETING ON TOTAL QUALITY MANAGEMENT OF HERBS & MEDICINAL PLANTS & THEIR PRODUCTS: Packaging Technologies System for Enhancing the Exploration Venue: Egyptian International Center for Agriculture Conference Hall. and others who share a concern with medicinal plants. Egypt Organized by: Agricultural Export Council (AEC): www.org The conference will be accompanied by an exhibition open to academic institutions. international regulations and exportation obstacles. raw materials. Egypt Organizers: Agricultural Research Center. cosmetics and natural products. Horticultural Research Institute (HRI). quality control and extracts standards. food processing.html Main Topics: Herbs and medicinal plants feasibility studies and marketing strategies. THE SECOND EURO-MED CONFERENCE PLANT NATURAL PRODUCTS FROM BIODIVERSITY TO BIOINDUSTRY Venue: Conference Center. Cairo. non-profit foundations. Egyptian Society for producers. international organizations. Sharm El Sheikh. Alexandria. brokers. managers and experts from the Egyptian Ministry of Agriculture and Land Reclamation.

2012 FOURTH INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM ON MEDICINAL AND AROMATIC PLANTS (SIPAM 2012) Venue: Djerba. pharmacy. and MAP chain value: Socio-economical aspects.tn Topics: Agro-Ecophysiology.sipam. Institution de la Recherché et de l‘Enseignement Supérieur Agricoles (IRESA). Valorisation of natural compounds in different industries (food. Neffati Mohamed TEL +216 75 633 839 FAX +216 75 633 006 WEB: http://www. analysis and chemistry of natural compounds. the International Center of Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA). Contact: Dr. regulatory and normative requirements. and the International Society of Horticultural Science (ISHS).ira.rnrt. Ingénierie et Société. 19 . Extraction process. cosmetic…).March 22-24. Tunisia Organizers: The Institut des Régions Arides (IRA). Phytotherapy between traditional use and alternative medicine. MAPs and animal health. the Ecole doctorale Sciences. Genetics and Biotechnology of MAP.

Chrysanthemi flos KHP is the dried capitulum of Chrysanthemum indicum Linné or Chrysanthemum 41 Linné or Chrysanthemum morifolium Ramatuelle (Compositae). the top-five importers of Chrysanthemum flower from the PRC in 2010 were (1) Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (SAR) of the PRC. Guangdong. 43 Commodity Classification for China Customs Statistics (CCCCS): People‘s Republic of China. 41 Korea Food and Drug Administration. Hebei. × morifolium). Henan. in altitude. 2011. Japan: Ministry of Health Labour and Welfare. in Anhui. Yagukhwa (C. (Fam. Guangxi. St. Hubei. involving the primary parental species C. indicum) Gam-guk. In: Japanese Pharmacopoeia Fifteenth Edition (JP XV). Flos Chrysanthemi Indici PPRC is the dried capitulum of Chrysanthemum indicum L. 2007. China: People‘s Medical Publishing House. with a 2010 export trade volume of 11. Also occurs outside of China in Bhutan. Hunan. and Yunnan. 2002. and (5) Kingdom of Thailand. 2005. In terms of volume. Harmonized System Tariff Codes (HS Codes) 43 HS 12119015 (CCCCS) 44 HS 12119091503 (CCC) Native Habitat Chrysanthemum morifolium is known only in cultivation. Nepal.: Dendranthema × grandiflorum (Ramat.CHINA and other East Asian Countries PRODUCTION AND TRADE OF CHRYSANTHEMUM FLOWER FROM THE PRC The People‘s Republic of China (PRC) is the world‘s leading consumer. Nogikuka (C. It is a very complex hybrid. Jiangsu. Chrysanthemi flos. × morifolium). Shandong. 20 . P. indicum L. Chrysanthemi flos. Asteraceae] Chrysanthemum × morifolium Ramatuelle (Cultivated Chrysanthemum). (Fam. × morifolium). Fujian. indicum) Common names: Chinese: English: Japanese: Korean: Pharmacopoeial names: Flos Chrysanthemi (cultivated C. In: The Korean Herbal Pharmacopoeia (English Edition). wet places by rivers. roadsides.) Des Moul. Ye ju hua (C. syn. Louis.. Flos Chrysanthemi PPRC is the dried capitulum of Chrysanthemum morifolium Ramat. Seoul. indicum) Definitions Chrysanthemi flos JP is the capitulum of 1) Chrysanthemum morifolium Ramatuelle or 2) 40 Chrysanthemum indicum Linné or (Compositae). Anthemideae. Beijing.) Kitam.1271-1272. (4) Republic of Singapore. India. 45 Lin Yourun et al. Flos Chrysanthemi. Wild chrysanthemum (C. syn. (2) Socialist Republic of Vietnam. [Fam.R. Japan. Guizhou. Asteraceae] Ju hua (C. indicum) Chrysanthemum (C. 40 Committee of the Japanese Pharmacopoeia. Jiangxi. English Edition 2005. Kukhwa (C. producer and exporter of the herbal drug Chrysanthemum flower.963 kg (customs value of USD $22. Heilongjiang. developed over many centuries of breeding. saline places by seashores. 45 Korea. In: Flora of China. indicum occurs in grasslands on mountain slopes. 42 State Pharmacopoeia Commission of the People‘s Republic of China. Tokyo. Sichuan. 42 Compositae). C. Botanical names: Chrysanthemum indicum Linné (Wild Chrysanthemum). × morifolium). South Korea: Korea Food and Drug Administration. In: Pharmacopoeia of the People‘s Republic of China. Compositae). thickets. MO: Flora of China Editorial Committee.: Dendranthema indicum (L. Russia and Uzbekistan. [Fam. fields. at between 100–2900 m.477.655. (3) Malaysia. under shrubs.542). morifolium) Flos Chrysanthemi Indici (wild C. and possibly several other species. indicum) Kikuka (C. Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Taiwan. 44 Standard Classification of Commodities of the Republic of China (CCC): Taiwan.

headache and dizziness. Zhejiang Province) with pricing quoted for 11 October 2011 and past 12 weeks comparison chart. Identification tests: Macroscopic Macroscopic Organoleptic Color reaction test Thin-layer chromatography Loss on drying NMT 15.0% of dilute ethanol-soluble More than 5. Here is an example of an entry for Hangzhou Bai Ju Hua (dried white chrysanthemum flower from Hangzhou. to subdue hyperactivity of the liver. Table 1 compares the pharmacopoeial quality standards used in Japan and Korea. 2005.  Chu ju hua (whitish florets) grown in Chu County.R. ― Gongju‖ and ― Hangju‖ according to different localities of production and variations in processing methods.0% NMT 1. It is classified into ―Bju‖. there are official pharmacopoeial monographs published in the Japanese Pharmacopoeia (JP).com and is presently available in Chinese language only.5% Extract content NLT 30. 46 State Pharmacopoeia Commission of the People‘s Republic of China. ― o Chuju‖. Medicinal Uses in Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM): Action: To dispel wind-heat. Korean Herbal Pharmacopoeia (KHP) and Pharmacopoeia of the People‘s Republic of China (PPRC).0% Acid-insoluble ash NMT 1. Table 1: Comparison of Chrysanthemum Pharmacopoeial Quality Standards / Japan and Korea Standard Chrysanthemi flos JP Chrysanthemi flos KHP Definition Capitulum of 1) Chrysanthemum Dried capitulum of Chrysanthemum morifolium Ramatuelle or 2) indicum Linné or Chrysanthemum Chrysanthemum indicum Linné or morifolium Ramatuelle (Compositae).  Hang ju hua (yellow and/or white florets) is distributed from Hangzhou in Zhejiang Province. inflammation of the eye. blurred vision. dried in the sun or dried after steaming.0% ether-soluble extract extract LEGEND JP XV 2007: Japanese Pharmacopoeia KHP IV 2002: Korean Herbal Pharmacopoeia PPRC 2005: Pharmacopoeia of the People‘s Republic of China 46 Production Scenario Cultivated chrysanthemum flower is harvested in batches in September to November while flowering.  Gong ju hua (white or whitish florets) grown in Anhui Province.0% Foreign matter No standard NMT 3% of stalks and leaves Total ash NMT 8. 21 . P. It is dried in the shade or by baking or dried in the sun after fuming and steaming. (Compositae). which can be utilized for test and release specifications. In: Pharmacopoeia of the People‘s Republic of China. Beijing.5% NMT 10. Indications: Wind-heat type common cold. Quality Standards For the quality control testing of Chrysanthemum flower as an active medicinal ingredient. Market Prices The Chengdu medicinal plant price index can be accessed on-line at: http://www. Anhui Province.Main Producing Areas  Bo ju hua (whitish florets) grown in Bo County. Flos Chrysanthemi.0% NM% 10. China: People‘s Medical Publishing House. Anhui Province. English Edition 2005. and improve eyesight. Wild chrysanthemum flower is harvested at the early state of flowering in autumn and winter.ysindex.

93% -8.938 10. the average price being paid by the leading importer.84% 15.425. the top-five importers of medicinal chrysanthemum flower were Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (SAR) of the PRC 9.763 5. China exported 11.152 kg (80. in units of USD per kg. in terms of value and volume.355 kg (2.52% -14. In terms of volume (kg). Malaysia 440.73% 22.478 5. 2009.182 9. Republic of Singapore 341.杭白菊(一等)(元/千克) – Hangzhou Bai Ju Hua (Yuan/kilogram) 涨跌值 时间 报价 (Increase / Decrease from (Date) (Quoted price) previous week) 11年10月10日 50.05%).963 kg (customs value of USD $22.78%).93%). Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (SAR) of the PRC.92% 63.891 kg (7.854 8.00 Yuan / kg -10.674 kg (3.86% of total PRC exports.073 2011 2. Nor is there certainty that the declared customs values correspond to actual invoiced prices.655. 22 .758 3.383 2.16% 99.315 2010 11. Table 2 shows the average prices paid. which shows the PRC‘s exports of Chrysanthemum flower. about 25% more than previous year. See Table 3. Average prices paid in other markets however were significantly higher than Hong Kong. 2009 and 2010.937 5.477. 2010 and 2011 / USD per kg / %Change of price Average Price (USD) % change of price 2009 0.819 4.00 涨跌幅 (Percentage Change from previous week) -16.276 kg (2. for China‘s main export markets for chrysanthemum flower.369 / kg.135 2010 0. for the years 2008. See Table 3.369 7. Socialist Republic of Vietnam 854. 2010 and year-to-date 2011. In 2011. presumably mainly for re-export). is USD $2.67% Information on the average prices paid by importing countries (customs value) is available through various trade databases. and Kingdom of Thailand 239.85% 96. The average prices however are only indicative and not specific enough to be applicable to any particular grade or quality of chrysanthemum flower.9015) In calendar year 2010. Table 2: Average prices of Chrysanthemum flower in selected importing countries / 2009.542) of chrysanthemum flower.18% 2011 177.604 9.53% Importer Unit Hong Kong $ per kg Malaysia $ per kg Singapore $ per kg Vietnam $ per kg Thailand $ per kg SOURCE: China Trade Data Value and Volume of China‘s Exports of Flos Chrysanthemi (HS 1211.403 10.91% -7.33%).

E. Keep away from strong light and heat. 769897 591387 113119 334267 427008 186237 Canada 72183 34402 43429 10500 6741 4258 Indonesia 79965 119981 40304 10967 33656 8800 Macau 19246 23799 25271 13558 20510 17343 France 0 0 13161 0 0 1445 Australia 18164 15218 5610 2430 4272 1900 Netherlands 4816 2193 4828 818 261 632 Belgium 445 2581 4080 58 255 302 Czech Rep 0 1872 3056 0 111 114 Germany 966 5077 2491 121 328 164 Brazil 0 0 1507 0 0 289 Russia 35 0 300 19 0 39 Israel 0 77 162 0 4 10 New Zealand 1013 363 0 141 86 0 Italy 0 869 0 0 169 0 Spain 0 295 0 0 58 0 U. 25kg/Fiber drum--Inner double plastic bags 5kg/Aluminum foil bag--Inner double plastic bags 1kg/Aluminum foil bag--Inner double plastic bags 2 years when properly stored. 2009. Appearance: brown fine powder. 5193 0 0 676 0 0 SOURCE: China Trade Data PRODUCT Botanical name Pharmacopoeial name Part used Cultivated or wild Drug-to-extract ratio Extraction solvents Storage Packaging Shelf life TESTS Characters Loss on drying Sieve analysis Bulk density Water solubility BOTANICAL PRODUCT SPECIFICATIONS Chrysanthemum Powdered Extract 15:1 a product of China Chrysanthemum Extract Powder 15:1 Chrysanthemum × morifolium Ramatuelle (Fam. Asteraceae) Chrysanthemi Flos Extractum Dried flower Cultivated 15:1 (w/w) Water and alcohol Store in cool & dry place. 2010 / Trade value (USD) / Trade quantity (kg) Flos Chrysanthemi used in pharmacy Export Trade Value (USD) Export Trade Volume (kg) HS 12119015 Partner 2008 2009 2010 2008 2009 2010 TOTAL 14907892 15182670 22477542 5106163 8746859 11655963 Hong Kong 3016836 4574654 8046716 2913159 5997202 9425152 Malaysia 3562086 1900897 3938946 434133 346977 440674 Singapore 3548685 3003430 3671486 443415 557917 341276 Vietnam 1387436 2840680 2908900 489899 967195 854891 Thailand 1275164 1327312 2411117 269328 258498 239355 United Kingdom 355389 276321 477777 42659 50100 40941 United States 461219 155981 323087 59908 28695 30653 Korea Rep.0% Pass through 80 mesh screen 45-55g / 100mL Soluble in water 23 . Odor and Taste: characteristic Less than 5.A.Table 3: China Exports of Chrysanthemum flower 2008. 173557 108354 308787 45931 23810 45520 Japan 155597 196927 133408 34176 23006 15968 Taiwan prov.

BOTANICAL EXTRACTS (indicative bulk prices) CNY = Chinese Yuan Renminbi USD = United States Dollar Product Standard Origin Price per kg Gotu kola herb extract 20% asiaticosides China CNY 750 (Centella asiatica) Gotu kola herb extract 10% asiaticosides China CNY 220-400 (Centella asiatica) Gotu kola herb extract 80% asiaticosides China CNY 3500-3900 (Centella asiatica) Lycium fruit extract 10% polysaccharides China CNY 500 (Lycium barbarum) Basis Guangxi Shaanxi/Guangxi Shaanxi/Guangxi Hubei 24 .26 USD 3. whole dried 宁夏枸杞(一等) Lycium barbarum Lycium fruit.com BOTANICAL RAW MATERIALS (indicative bulk prices) CNY = Chinese Yuan Renminbi USD = United States Dollar Botanical Name Cultivated Origin Price / kg or Wild Cinnamomum aromaticum Cult/Wild China 7. whole 生姜(统货) Zingiber officinale Ginger rhizome.00 CNY 11.Foreign matter Free of foreign matter CONTAMINANTS Heavy metals NMT 20 ppm Arsenic NMT 2 ppm Residual solvents Complies with European Pharmacopoeia 5.50 CNY 5.50 CNY Product Cassia bark. Many are also published in the Japanese Pharmacopoeia (JP XV English Edition 2007) and/or the Korean Herbal Pharmacopoeia (KHP 2002 English Edition).000 CNY 4.com Cultivated China Cultivated China Cult/Wild Cult/Wild Cult Ningxia Xinjiang China Notes: (1) Monographs providing quality standards and tests for the above listed Chinese herbs are published in the Pharmacopoeia of the Peoples Republic of China (PPRC English Edition 2005).4.50 USD Cordyceps sinensis Cordyceps sinensis Cuminum cyminum Allium sativum Wild Wild Sichuan Tibet 200.000 CNY 230.ysindex.09 USD 650. Residual Solvents Total plate count NMT 1000 cfu/g Yeast and Mold NMT 100 cfu/g E.00 CNY 26. coli Negative Salmonella Negative Source: Based on product specification published by Jory Herb Ltd: http://joryherb.07 USD 55.00 CNY 50. powdered steam sterilized Cordyceps fungus 冬虫夏草(川草 一等) Cordyceps fungus 冬虫夏草(藏草 一等) Cumin fruit Garlic bulb Basis FOB CA Chengdu Market Chengdu Market Spot NY Spot NY Chengdu Market Chengdu Market Spot NY Chengdu Market Chengdu Market Chengdu Market Cultivated China Cultivated China Wild China Gastrodia elata Gastrodia rhizome 春麻(野生 一等) Zingiber officinale Ginger rhizome. whole dried 新疆枸杞(一等) Cassia angustifolia Senna leaf 番泻叶(一等) Source: http://www. whole peeled Lycium barbarum Lycium fruit.

September 7-27. Hong Kong Organizers: IIR Exhibitions (www. 310 / FAX: 86 10 64703166 zhzh@inbar. THE GLOBAL NUTRACEUTICAL EVENT Venue: AsiaWorld-Expo. Chamber of Commerce. PRC. Xining. Consultancy. 2011 INTERNATIONAL TRAINING WORKSHOP ON INTEGRATED SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN MOUNTAIN AREAS AND NON-TIMBER-FOREST-PRODUCTS (NTFPS) INDUSTRIAL AND COMMERCIAL DEVELOPMENT Venue: Zhejiang Province. Wjin@inbar.. Botanical extracts.net September 7-9.Product Standard Lycium fruit extract 10% polysaccharides (Lycium barbarum) Milk thistle fruit acetone extract 30% silybin (by UV) (Silybum marianum) Rhodiola root extract 1% salidroside (Rhodiola crenulata) Rhodiola root extract 2% salidroside (Rhodiola crenulata) Rhodiola root extract 3% rosavins (Rhodiola crenulata) Turmeric rhizome extract 95% curcumin (by UV) (Curcuma longa) Turmeric rhizome extract 95% curcumin (by HPLC) (Curcuma longa) Source: China Natural Ingredients Express August 2011 Origin Price per kg China CNY 90 China CNY 460-480 China CNY 95 China CNY 140 China CNY 520 China CNY 1300 China CNY 1500 Basis Shaanxi Panjin Market Shaanxi Shaanxi Shaanxi Hebei Zhejiang MEETINGS AND TRADE SHOWS CHINA & OTHER EASTERN ASIAN COUNTRIES September 4-9. Pharmaceutical ingredients. International Network for Bamboo and Rattan (INBAR). Contract manufacturing services.com) Contact: TEL: +44 (0)20 7017 7036 E-MAIL: clee@iirx. Contact: ISA Secretariat: Dr.informa. Contact: Zhu Zhaohua. Qinghai Province. 2011 th 5 INTERNATIONAL SEABUCKTHORN ASSOCIATION CONFERENCE (ISA 2011) Developing Seabuckthorn: For the Harmonious Ecosystem & Healthy Life Venue: Qinghai Conference Centre.isahome.co.uk WEB: http://vitafoodsasia.com WEB: http://www.int. Nutricosmetics. TEL: 86 10 64706161 ext. Coordinator. Jin Wei. Lin‘an Modern Forestry Technology Service Center (LMFTSC). PRC Organizers: International Seabuckthorn Association (ISA) & Qinghai Provincial Government Sponsors: Commerce Department of Qinghai Province.int EMAIL: WEB: http://www. Qinghai Province.asp?BoardID=171&NewsID=696 Conference topics:  Sustainable development of Economy in mountainous regions 25 . regulatory and marketing services.int/show. 2011 VITAFOODS ASIA. China Organizers: MOST. Ltd.com Exhibitor profile: Suppliers of: Nutraceutical ingredients. Xia Jingfan TEL: 86 10 63204363 / FAX: 86 10 63204359 E-MAIL: isahome@163. Functional foods and drinks.inbar. Qinghai Tsinghua Biotry Bio-Tech Co.

During the workshop. 1-8-3 Kajicho.2& Atrium. China Organizers: Modern Biotechnology & Pharmaceutical Industry Office of Shanghai Municipality 26 . E-MAIL: f-expo@cmpjapan.com WEB: www. and more.com.Indonesian-spices.       Poverty alleviation in mountainous regions Mountain forest sustainable management Sustainable management. markets and farmers Field visit program will be arranged in combination with the indoor courses during the workshop. cosmetic industry. September 29 – October 2. Tokyo Metropolitan Government. This workshop will give introduction to NTFPs development experiences of China. food and beverage industry. Tokyo 101 0044 Japan / TEL: +81 3 5296 1017 / FAX: +81 3 5296 1018. Indonesia Organizer: Bimatama Inka E-MAIL: dri_indonesia2007@yahoo. Taman Mini Indonesia Indah – Jakarta. Blandongan 28 DG. Kanda 91 bldg. 2011 HERBAL AND HEALTH FOOD INDONESIA 2011 CO-LOCATED WITH INTERFOOD INDONESIA 2011 Venue: Jakarta International Exhibition Centre. Attended by European and Asian spice importers organizations. 70% of the time will be for field visit. herbs and spices. Labour and Welfare. The participants will also be able to see the development and utilization of the local medicinal plants. essential oils and oleoresins. Ministry of Health.com WEB: http://www. especially on the aspects of industrialization and commercialization. the cultivation of edible and medicinal fungus and China‘s biggest honey industry base – Tonglu. Forestry and Fisheries. Japan External Trade Organization (JETRO). Krista Exhibitions. Jakarta TEL: + (62) (21) 6345861 / 6345862 / 6334581 / 6345002 FAX: + (62) (21) 6340140 / 6342113 EMAIL: info@kristamedia.php October 22-23. aromas and flavors. spa industry. Jakarta Raya. 2011 SHANGHAI INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON TRADITIONAL CHINESE MEDICINE AND NATURAL MEDICINE Venue: Shanghai Jumeirah Himalayas Hotel. October 5-7. Japan Supported by: Ministry of Agriculture.com WEB: http://www. producer. Jakarta. Kemayoran.info/eng/index. Jln.hijapan. Takuro Azuma. Japan Health & Nutrition Food Association Organizer: United Business Media (UBM) International Contact: Mr.com This event aims to increase international trade of Indonesian spice commodities ad well as the development of world spice trade and increase awareness of sustainable spice trade by 2015. September 20-22. exporters. sweeteners. industrialization and commercialization of NTFPs NTFPs in China and their development. 2011 ST THE 1 INDONESIAN SPICES CONGRESS 2011 (ISC) Venue: Pendopo Agung Sasono Utomo. soy products. organic ingredients. starches. bimatama_inka@yahoo. 2011 HEALTH INGREDIENTS (Hi) JAPAN 2011 Venue: Tokyo Big Sight Exhibition Center.interfood-indonesia. West Halls 1.com Exhibitor profile: Suppliers of medicinal plants & extracts. Chiyodaku. fruit and vegetable products. seasonings. vitamins and minerals. industrialization and commercialization ― Company + farmers‖ – the best model for NTFPs industrialization Cultivation and processing technologies of wild medicinal plants and edible/medicinal fungus Industrial cooperation and NGOs are the links among companies. Shanghai. UBM. Indonesia Organizer: Krista Media Pratama PT.

.html October 27-30. Honsea Contact: Gloria Zhang TEL: 86 010 89709801 / FAX: 86 010 89709801 E-MAIL: herbridge@vip.163. 2011 IN-COSMETICS ASIA Venue: BITEC. Bangkok Thailand Organizer: Reed Exhibitions. 2011 rd 3 ANNUAL CHINA NATURAL INGREDIENT CONFERENCE 2011: Controllable and Sustainable Venue: Inner Mongolian Grand Hotel. November 1-3.com WEB: www. Delegation of the European Commission in Japan.8606-86 92 / FAX: +49 (0)9 11. optimize Chine herb extract industry development.biofach-japan. Horticultural Science Society of Thailand (HSST). November 2-4. USA.com/english. there will be many exhibitors of bulk botanical raw materials and extracts. Shanghai Institute of Materia Medica (CAS).com This trade show is for cosmetic manufacturers.Co-Sponsors: Contact: E-MAIL: WEB: American Society of Pharmacognosy (ASP). Embassy of the Federal Republic of Germany. China. Nihon Wellness Movement. Society of Medicinal Plant Research (GA)..in-cosmeticsasia. Japan Retailers Association. traders and purchasers. scientists and sales & marketing experts. Hi-tek Park.co. Thailand Organizers/Sponsors: International Society for Horticultural Science (ISHS). formulators. Beijing China Organizers: CCCMHPIE Org.com The goal of this event is to enhance the exchange of information in natural ingredients industry. promote development of Chinese nutrition industry and recommend broader reliable cooperation resources. (86-21) 5080 1050 / FAX: (86-21) 5080 5932. 2011 BIO-FACH WORLD TRADE FAIR FOR ORGANIC FOOD AND NATURAL PRODUCTS Venue: The Tokyo International Exhibition Center (Tokyo Big Sight). JL Stevia. Ministry of the Environment.R. shtcm2010@yahoo. Organic Cotton Association.J. There will be exhibitors of natural botanical ingredients used in cosmetic products.86. Supported by: Japan Self-Service Ass.com WEB: www. Kasetsart University 27 . West Hall 4.uk WEB: http://www. Japan External Trade Organization (JETRO). China TEL: (86-21) 5027 2737. Contact Nürnberg Global Affairs GmbH. Shanghai Technological & Industrial Promotion Center of Traditional Chinese Medicine. Participant will include manufactures. Shanghai 201203 P. Second Military Medical University. Asean-Japan Centre. Z. Tokyo Patron: International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements (IFOAM) Acknowledged by: Ministry of Agriculture Forestry and Fisheries (MAFF). part of Reed Elsevier Contact: TEL: +44 (0) 20 8910 7847 / FAX: +44 (0) 20 8910 7926 E-MAIL: incosasiateam@reedexpo.. Tokyo Metropolitan Gvt. Mrs. Pu Dong New Area. Department of Agriculture (DOA). 2011 INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM ON MEDICINAL AND AROMATIC PLANTS Venue: Chiang Mai. Japan Chain Stores Ass.. November 15-18. 199 Guoshoujin Road. University of Mississippi.herbridge. Herbridge Media Sponsors: Xi An Haotian.06-86 94 E-MAIL: biofach@ngfmail.com Although the BIO-FACH trade show is primarily for buyers & sellers of certified organic finished products.s-tcm. Miriam Stahel TEL: +49 (0)9 11. TCM Pharmaceutical Analysis Specialty Committee of the World Federation of Chinese Medicine Society.com http://www.

biomalaysia.Contact: E-MAIL: WEB: (KU). Fragrance & Flavour Association of India. Government of Indonesia. cultural practices and physiology. health potential of tropical and sub-tropical.co.com 28 .de WEB: http://www. May 13-15. 940 5484 5 ext. Nutraceuticals and more.php This event will host several meetings including: the Executive Meeting of Heads of Delegation. November 22-23. Essential Oil Association of India. 2011 TH 39 SESSION & OTHER MEETINGS OF THE INTERNATIONAL PEPPER COMMUNITY (IPC) Venue: Santosa Villas and Resort Hotel. 3858171-5 #1106 / FAX: 62-21 3840139 E-MAIL: Edward_indonesia2005@yahoo. Bioactive therapeutics. Miriam Hempel TEL: +49 (0)9 11. royalflorasymposium2011@yahoo.id. Aroma and Spices Trade Association. The Spice Council of Sri Lanka WEB: http://www. TEL: 62-21 384-0139.aaic2012. biotechnology.com.my Exhibitor profile: Agriculture.117 / FAX: 66 2 561 4667 Peyanoot@hotmail. Maejo University (MU). Bali Organizer: Dewan Atsiri Indonesia.ipcnet.id WEB: http://www. Directorate General of International Trade Corporations. 2011 BIO MALAYSIA 2011 Venue: Kuala Lumpur Convention Centre. post-harvest technology. plenary sessions and an Exhibition. TEL: 66 2 579 8553. The Peppertech meeting. processing and processed products. 2012 BIO-FACH CHINA 2011. the meeting of Pepper Exporters‘.06-86 94 E-MAIL: biofach@nuernbergmesse. fruits production potential of MAP. WORLD TRADE FAIR FOR ORGANIC FOOD AND NATURAL PRODUCTS Venue: INTEX Shanghai. Republic of Indonesia.royalflora2011. Drug discovery & development. D. Chatuchak Bangkok 10900 Thailand. industrial production of pharmaceutical and nutraceutical products. Indonesian Essential Oil Council Supporters: Ministry of Agriculture.8606-86 92 / FAX: +49 (0)9 11. 2012 ASIAN AROMA INGREDIENTS CONGRESS & EXPO (AAIC) 2012 Venue: Grand Hyatt. Secretary (Horticultural Research Institute). Malaysia Organizer: Protemp Exhibitions Sdn Bhd Contact: TEL: +603 6140 6666 / FAX: +603 6140 8833 E-MAIL: karendass@protempgroup. Chiang Mai University (CMU). Ministry of Trade.com http://www.86. industrial production of essential oil.com May 24-26.biofach-china. Ministry of Industry.com/images/Medicinal. Indonesia Organizers: The International Pepper Community. The Pepperexim Meeting.co.com. spa and aromatherapy. G. of International Trade Corporation Ministry of Trade. Biofuels. Meeting of IPC Committee on quality. Mrs.com WEB: http://www. Contact: Directorate for APEC & Others Intl Organization Coop. Herbal products. genetic resources and breeding. Cosmetics. Lombok Island.org/session39id/index.pdf Conference Topics: World production and marketing. cosmetic role of MAP. Ministry of Trade. Thailand Research Fund (TRF). Nusa Dua. Environmental technologies. November 22-26. China Patron: International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements (IFOAM) Contact: Nurnberg Global Affairs GmbH. plant protection. Peyanoot Naka. Senggigi Beach. istiati_hendra@yahoo. China Essential Oils.

Hong Kong Organizers: IIR Exhibitions (www. traditional Chinese medicinal products. Indonesia Organizer: The Indonesian Food Technologist Association (PATPI).com Exhibitor profile: Suppliers of: Nutraceutical ingredients. October 3-5. Southeast Asian Food and Agricultural Science and Technology (SEAFAST) Center IPB. there will be many exhibitors of bulk botanical raw materials and extracts. Consultancy. The Department of Food Science and Technology (FST).. Mafco.hktdc.com/uniS/icmcm.com WEB: http://vitafoodsasia.wong@informa. Exhibitors of botanical ingredients will include Chengdu Root Industry Co.com) Contact: TEL: +44 (0)20 7017 7036 EMAIL: lynnor. Jakarta. Attn: Gitapratiwi & Virna Berliani Putri. Contract manufacturing services. August. Ltd. Modernized Chinese Medicine International Association Ltd (MCMIA) WEB: http://gbcode. 29 . Wan Chai. some of the exhibitors offer natural botanical ingredients made from medicinal and aromatic plants.Although the BIO-FACH trade show is primarily for buyers & sellers of certified organic finished products. FAX: (+62) 251 8629901 E-MAIL: patpiseminar2010@yahoo. THE GLOBAL NUTRACEUTICAL EVENT Venue: AsiaWorld-Expo. regulatory and marketing services. and trade associations. Naturex among others. Botanical extracts. Contact: Secretariat of International Seminar 2010. Hong Kong (Harbour Road Entrance) Organizers: Hong Kong Trade Development Council. health supplements.com/conference Exhibitor profile: Though mainly a show with suppliers of food ingredients.ingredientsnetwork.com Exhibitor profile: Suppliers of medicinal plants & extracts. 2012 VITAFOODS ASIA 2012.com WEB: http://fiasia. Nutricosmetics. 1 Expo Drive.informa. Arena PRJ Kemayoran. 2012 FOOD INGREDIENTS ASIA INDONESIA 2012 Venue: Jakarta International Expo. Pharmaceutical ingredients.. 2012 (dates to be determined) INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE AND EXHIBITION OF THE MODERINIZATION OF CHINESE MEDICINE AND HEALTH PRODUCTS 2010 Concurrent Event: Hong Kong International Tea Fair Venue: Hong Kong Convention and Exhibition Centre. September 5-7. Functional foods and drinks.hktdc.

Mill. there are about 400 ha of lavender cultivation in Albania.bfn.29. English lavender preparations are used as active components of herbal medicinal products.5118 (HTSUS) Essential oil of lavender or lavandin HS Code Sources Legend: BTI Binding Tariff Information (BTI) rulings of the European Commission Taxation and Customs Union HTSUS Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States ITC-HS India Trade Classification of Harmonized System Codes WCO World Customs Organization (WCO) Compendium of Classification Opinions Native Habitat European Mediterranean region. and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. aromatherapy and balneotherapy products. officinalis Chaix). Kingdom of Spain. from various origins. and it is also one of the most important cultivated MAP crops in Republic of Croatia (on 48 the Island of Hvar). the Republic of South Africa.500 ha in France. Germany: German Federal Agency for Nature Conservation (BfN). 47 48 European Herb Growers Association: http://www. Available at: http://www. The main producers are the Republic of Bulgaria.000 ha of 47 English lavender flower cultivation in Bulgaria and about 4. and French Republic but also the Italian Republic. Bulgaria. and cosmetic products. and in the United States of America (Pacific Northwest). Kingdom of Spain. Republic of Albania. Hellenic Republic. Honnef S. officinalis Chaix) containing minimum 13 ml / kg essential oil (anhydrous drug). (L.  Oil of Lavender ISO 3515:2002 specifies characteristics of the oils of spontaneous lavender (population lavender. According to the European Herb Growers Association (Europam). Croatia and Romania. France) and of clonal lavender (Lavandula angustifolia Mill. Lavandulae aetheroleum (essential oil) Definitions  Lavender flower PhEur is the dried flower of Lavandula angustifolia P. Heym A.).90 (WCO) Lavender flower HS 3301. 105 ha in Bosnia and Herzegovina. 2003. According to Kathe et al (2003). Botanical name: Common names: Lavandula angustifolia P. Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in Albania. Main Producing Areas Republic of Bulgaria. there are nearly 4. and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.de/fileadmin/MDB/documents/skript91. Republic of Albania.europam. Bonn.` EUROPE PRODUCTION AND TRADE OF LAVENDER FLOWER FROM EUROPEAN COUNTRIES European countries are the world‘s largest producers and exporters of the herbal drug Lavender flower and value-added lavender preparations including essential oil and extracts. and French Republic but also the Italian Republic. Lavender flower (EU) Fleur de lavande Lavendelblüten Levendulavirág floare de levănţică Flor de lavanda Pharmacopoeial names: Lavandulae flos (flower) . Mill. Mill.net Kathe W. цвят English lavender flower (USA). (L.  Lavender Oil PhEur is the essential oil obtained by steam distillation from the flowering tops of Lavandula angustifolia P. Hellenic Republic. (Family: Lamiaceae) Bulgarian: English: French: German: Hungarian: Romanian: Spanish: Лавандула.00 (ITC-HS) Essential oil of lavender or lavandin HS 3301.23.pdf 30 . Harmonized System Tariff Codes (HS Codes) HS 1211. Outside of Europe there is also commercial production in the People‘s Republic of China (Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region). Bosnia-Herzegovina.

Functions: Skin conditioning.eu/docs/en_GB/document_library/Herbal__Community_herbal_monograph/2011/02/WC500102065.eu/docs/en_GB/document_library/Herbal__Community_herbal_monograph/2011/02/WC500102064. Draft Community Herbal Monograph on Lavandula angustifolia Mill. Lavandula Angustifolia Flower Powder is the product obtained from the crushed. Committee on Herbal Medicinal Products (HMPC) European Medicines Agency (EMA). Masking. UK: European Medicines Agency. it is important to understand the quality standards that may be required by the buyers in the destination market.europa. ISO 8902:2009. London. Lavandula angustifolia. Lavandula angustifolia. Labiatae. Labiatae.europa. Lavandula Angustifolia Flower Water is an aqueous solution of the steam distillate obtained from the flowers of the Lavender. Lavandula angustifolia.. Functions: Skin Conditioning. Oral Care. Masking. Lavandula angustifolia. Therapeutic uses The European Medicines Agency (EMA) has published draft labeling standards monographs for the use of lavender flower and essential oil as active substances of registered Traditional Herbal Medicinal Products (THMPs) for marketing authorization in the European Union:  Lavender Essential Oil EMA: Traditional herbal medicinal product (THMP) prepared in liquid dosage form for oral use and as a bath additive for relief of mild symptoms of mental stress and 49 exhaustion and to aid sleep .  Cosmetic uses Lavender ingredients that are used in cosmetics are defined in the European Commission Cosmetic 51 Ingredients & Substances (CosIng) Database:            Lavandula Angustifolia Herb Extract is an extract obtained from the flowering herbs of the Lavender. Functions: Perfuming. Skin conditioning.. Lavandula angustifolia. Masking.pdf European Commission Health & Consumers Directorate. Belgium: European Commission. Lavandula Angustifolia Flower Extract is an extract of the flowers of the Lavender. flos. Labiatae. Lavender Flower EMA: Traditional herbal medicinal product (THMP) prepared as an Herbal Tea or Tincture (1:5) for oral use for relief of mild symptoms of mental stress and exhaustion and to 50 aid sleep.europa.pdf Committee on Herbal Medicinal Products (HMPC) European Medicines Agency (EMA). Labiatae. Masking. Labiatae. 27 January 2011. Deodorant. 27 January 2011. Brussels. Lavandula angustifolia. leaves and stems of the Lavender. Functions: Perfuming: Lavandula Angustifolia Extract is the extract of the whole plant of the Lavender. Functions: Masking. leaves and stems of the Lavender. London.Quality Standards Before exporting. Lavandula Angustifolia Flower Cera is a wax obtained from the flower of the Lavender. Refreshing. Draft Community Herbal Monograph on Lavandula angustifolia Mill. There are also specifications for Lavender Oil available in the Food Chemicals Codex (FCC) and from the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). Lavandula angustifolia. Perfuming. Lavandula angustifolia. Cosmetic Ingredients and Substances (CosIng®) Database. Lavandula Angustifolia Herb Oil is an essential oil distilled from the flowering herbs of the Lavender. Available at: http://ec. Functions: Skin conditioning. Oral Care. Functions: Flavouring. Labiatae. Labiatae. Skin protecting. Available at: http://www. Functions: Flavouring. Tonic. Skin conditioning. Lavandula angustifolia.eu/consumers/cosmetics/cosing 49 50 51 31 . Lavandula angustifolia. There are quality standards available for Lavender Flower and Lavender Oil published in the European Pharmacopoeia. Labiatae. dried flowers of the Lavender. Lavandula Angustifolia Leaf Cell Extract is the extract of a culture of the leaf cells of the Lavender. Available at: http://www. Lavandula Angustifolia Flowers are the dried flowers obtained from the Lavender. Lavandula Angustifolia Flower/Leaf/Stem Extract is the extract of the flowers. Labiatae Functions: Emollient. Functions: Flavouring. Perfuming. Labiatae. Lavandula Angustifolia Flower/Leaf/Stem Juice is the extract of the flowers. UK: European Medicines Agency. Functions: Cleansing.ema. Perfuming. Lavandula angustifolia. Skin conditioning.ema. aetheroleum. Labiatae.

In: European Pharmacopoeia. PhEur Lavender Flower Monograph ID Test A PhEur Lavender Flower Monograph ID Test B PhEur Lavender Flower Monograph ID Tests C & D (PhEur 2.bg/ascitech/7_2010/03_Evaluation%20of%20the%20stability%20and%20adaptability%20of%20the%20B ulgarian%20lavender%20%28Lavandula%20angustifolia%20Mill. Food & Fisheries. Mill. 2009. Bosnia & Herzegovina.13) Maximum 9. Strasbourg.0 ppm cadmium NMT 5. Lavandula Angustifolia Water is an aqueous solution of the steam distillate obtained from the Lavender. Functions: Masking.27) Maximum 3% of stems and maximum 2% of other foreign matter (PhEur 2. th 32 .1 ppm mercury Meets the requirements PhEur General Chapter 2.2. France.1163. Available at: http://www. Functions: Masking. VOL. Available at: http://www.4.%29%20sorts%20yield.0% (PhEur 2. 2002. ISO 8902:2009. pp 121123.agf.0 ppm lead NMT 0. 2. Croatia and other European Countries PRODUCT Botanical name Pharmacopoeial name Part used Cultivated or wild Storage IDENTIFICATION Characters Macroscopic Microscopic Thin-layer chromatography TESTS Foreign matter Other species and varieties of lavender Water Total ash CONTAMINATION Aerobic bacteria Molds and yeasts Escherichia coli Salmonella Heavy metals Pesticide residues Lavender flower Lavandula angustifolia P. 2010. Available at: http://www. Production Scenario Info for cultivation and production of Lavender flower and oil is available from the following sources:    British Columbia Ministry of Agriculture.2) Maximum 1% camphor in the essential oil as determined by Gas Chromatography test in Lavender flower PhEur monograph (PhEur 2. Lavender flower.13 52  sz.ba/download/97 BOTANICAL PRODUCT SPECIFICATION Lavender Flower a product of Bulgaria.pdf Republic of South Africa Department of Agriculture.za/docs/Brochures/EssOilsLavender. Еvaluation of the stability and adaptability of the Bulgarian lavender (Lavandula angustifolia Mill.2.ca/busmgmt/budgets/budget_pdf/specialty_organic/lavender.pdf 52 European Pharmacopoeial Commission.gov. Labiatae.bc.2. Tonic. AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY. (L. 2009.  Lavandula Angustifolia Oil is the volatile oil obtained from the flowers of the Lavender.8.28) Maximum 100 ml/kg (PhEur 2. Lavandula angustifolia.) sorts yield. Albania. No 3. Labiatae. Lavandula angustifolia. 2010.8.pdf Stanev S. Production Guidelines for Lavender.bosniafarma.uniUSAID Fostering Agricultural Markets Activity Project (FARMA) in Bosnia & Herzegovina.daff. 7 edition (PhEur 7.16) Microbial enumeration limits for herbal drugs and their preparations to which boiling water is added before use 7 10 cfu/g 4 10 cfu/g 2 10 cfu/g Not detected NMT 1. officinalis Chaix) Lavandulae flos PhEur Dried flower Cultivated Store protected from moisture Strongly aromatic odour. Lavanda.0). Available at: http://tru. Certified Organic Versus Non-Organic Budgets For Lavender Flower.gov. Forestry and Fisheries. France: European Directorate for the Quality of Medicines (EDQM).

Contact: Dr Myko San.com Although primarily a food show there will be some exhibitors of natural botanical ingredients at Anuga. 50679 Köln. Croatia – Faculty of Agriculture. IMMC6 Venue: Zagreb. University of Zagreb.0% Hyperforin min 0. AOAC Europe Executive Committee Dutendorfer Str. Faculty of Forestry. TEL: +49 221 821 2240 / FAX: +49 221 821 3410 E-MAIL: d. 2011 ASSOCIATION OF OFFICIAL ANALYTICAL CHEMISTS (AOAC) EUROPE INTERNATIONAL WORKSHOP: Quality Control of Botanicals. Croatian Society of Food Technologists and Nutritionists. 10117 Berlin Contact: Dietmar Eiden.3% hypericins expressed as hypericin. Miramarska 109. 2.: 5-7. 0.4% ginkgolides A.de WEB: http://www.eiden@koelnmesse. 80% silymarin calculated as silybin min 30 ppm scopoletin. Germany & Bundesverband des Deutschen Lebensmittelhandels e. Am Weidendamm 1A. min 0. Croatia Organizer: Dr. Croatia NA 385 TEL: +385 1 4660095 / FAX: +385 1 4660095 E-mail: immc6.immc6. D-91487 Vestenbergsgreuth Klaus. Messeplatz 1. 1..8% ß-sitosterol min.8% valerenic acid Price Basis USD/kg 700-800 FOB USA 175-275 FOB USA 1500-3500 FOB USA 75-150 FOB USA 65-85 FOB USA 30-55 FOB USA 60-75 FOB USA Notes: Quality Standards: Monographs providing quality standards and tests for most all of the above listed herbs can be found either in the European Pharmacopoeia (PhEur) or United States Pharmacopeia – National Formulary (USP-NF).anuga. TCM. 2011 ANUGA Venue: Cologne Exhibition Center.Product Bilberry fruit extract (Vaccinium myrtillus) Ginkgo leaf dry extract (Ginkgo biloba) Maritime pine dry extract (Pinus pinaster) Milk thistle fruit dry extract (Silybum marianum) Nettle root dry extract (Urtica dioica) St.0-4. c/o PhytoLab GmbH & Co.reif@phytolab. KG.V. 2011 TH THE 6 INTERNATIONAL MEDICINAL MUSHROOM CONFERENCE. (BVL). John‘s wort herb dry extract (Hypericum perforatum) Valerian root dry extract (Valeriana officinalis) BOTANICAL EXTRACTS (Indicative bulk prices) Standard 25% anthocyanins min 24% ginkgoflavoneglycosides. B & C 65% procyanidins min.de or bvl@einzelhandel. October 10-12.com WEB: http://www. Germany Organizer: Koelnmesse GmbH.com October 8-12. Klaus Reif.8-3. MEETINGS AND TRADE SHOWS EUROPEAN COUNTRIES September 25-29. Faculty of Food Technology and Biotechnology.de E-MAIL: 33 . 2. Herbal Food Supplements and Herbal Medicinal Products Venue: University of Erlangen-Nuremberg Organizer: PhytoLab GmbH and the Working Group Separation Science of the German Chemical Society Contact: Dr.6-3. Myko San – Health from Mushrooms Co. 10000 Zagreb.2% bilobalide.loc@gmail.

sredzic@anubih.com November 6-10.06130 GRASSE France Contact: Geneviève JUGE.com.com CPhI Exhibitors of medicinal plants & extracts include.com  Burgundy Botanical Extracts http://www. 2011 MAPS (MEDICINAL AND AROMATIC PLANTS) 2011 st Medicinal and aromatic plants in generating of new values in 21 century Venue: Academy of Sciences and Arts of Bosnia and Herzegovina. among others:  Alchem International Ltd.com  Finzelberg GmbH & Co.ifeat. 22. Contact: TEL: +44 (0) 20 7814 9666 / FAX: +44 (0) 20 7814 8383 E-MAIL: events@ifeat.indena.gehrlicher. TEL/FAX: +33 (0)1 47 75 03 09 E-MAIL: info@federation-dietebio. Hall 8.com October 15-17. 2011 COSMETHICA: INTERNATIONAL CONGRESS ON RAW MATERIALS IN COSMETICS Venue: Palais des Congrès.map-sarajevo.WEB: http://www.com October 25-27. 71 000 Sarajevo. 9 Lincoln‘s In Fields. Sarajevo.com WEB: http://www.naturex. http://www. 2011 IFEAT 2011 CONFERENCE: Bridging Continents and Cultures Venue: Barcelona.ba WEB: http://www. distributors.alcheminternational. London. October 19-21.de  Gehrlicher GmbH http://www.com Exhibitor Profile: While mainly an expo for finished products. Bosnia and Herzegovina Contact: Chairman Sulejman Redžić. 2011 CPhI WORLDWIDE Venue: Messe Frankfurt. 2011 NATEXPO TRADE SHOW Venue: Paris Nord Villepinte. organic and health food retailers. Bosnia and Herzegovina. import-export representatives. UK. France Organizers: Federation Francaise de la Dietetique & Comexpo Paris Contact: Roger Serrault.com WEB: http://www.cosmethica-grasse. Cours Honoré Cresp . TEL: +387 33 210 902 / FAX: +387 33 206 033 E-MAIL: mplants@yahoo.aoaceurope.natexpo.com  Linnea SA http://www. wholesalers. Spain Organizer: The International Federation of Essential Oils and Aroma Trades (IFEAT). Visitor profile: Natural product manufacturers.com  Naturex http://www. Fair Chairman. KG http://www.com 34 .org WEB: http://www. Bistrik 7.finzelberg. WC2A 3BP. Organising Committee TEL: +33 (0)4 92 42 34 08 / FAX: +33 (0)4 92 42 34 01 E-MAIL contact@cosmethica-grasse. processing and packaging.de  Indena SpA http://www.cphi. Germany Organizer: UBM Information Ltd Contact: TEL: +31 20 40 99 544 / FAX: +31 20 36 32 616 E-Mail: cpihi@ubm.org WEB: http://www. medical professionals.burgundy-extracts. there will also be a suppliers‘ marketplace for exhibitors of raw materials.linnea-worldwide.org November 9-12.

biz WEB: http://hieurope. Sustainable Use and Conservation. there will be many exhibitors of bulk botanical raw materials and extracts.O.com WEB: http://fieurope.de Although the BIO-FACH trade show is primarily for buyers & sellers of certified organic finished products. P.com February 15-18. International Trade of MAPs.Themes: Cultivation. Messezentrum D-90471 Nürnberg E-MAIL: biofach@nuernbergmesse. a division of United Business Media Contact: CMP Information. October 4-5.sanddorn.net WEB: http://www. Economy of Herbal Sector November 29 – December 1.06-82-28 Organizer: NürnbergMesse GmbH.ingredientsnetwork. and nutraceutical products. process or supply health. 2012 nd 2 EUROPEAN WORKSHOP ON SEA BUCKTHORN Venue: Vilnius.8606-0 / FAX: +49 (0)9 11. 1100 AS Amsterdam Z. 2013 (dates to be determined) th 6 INTERNATIONAL SEABUCKTHORN ASSOCIATION CONFERENCE (ISA 2011) Venue: Potsdam.O.com Exhibitor profile: Companies that cultivate.net November 13-15. Box 12740. organic and functional ingredients. Germany Organizers: International Seabuckthorn Association (ISA) Sponsors: Ministry of Infrastructure and Agriculture of the Government of Brandenburg (MIL) E-MAIL: isa-2013@sanddorn. Germany Organizer: CMP Information. nutraceuticals.isahome. health food products.86. 2012 HEALTH INGREDIENTS EUROPE & NATURAL INGREDIENTS 2012 Venue: Messe Frankfurt.biofach. PO Box 200. Germany Patron: International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements (IFOAM) TEL: +49 (0)9 11. Lithuania Organizers: German Society for Seabuckthorn and Wild Fruits. the Netherlands TEL: + 31 346 559 444 / FAX: + 31 346 573 811 E-MAIL: Fi@cmpi. extract. and natural ingredients that are used in cosmetics. France Contact: UBMi BV.de WEB: http://www. Paris. Lithuanian Association of Seabuckthorn growers WEB: http://www.net 35 . 2011 FOOD INGREDIENTS EUROPE & NATURAL INGREDIENTS 2011 Venue: Paris Nord Villepointe.ingredientsnetwork. 3600 AE Maarssen. medicinal herbal products. TEL: +31 (0) 20 40 99 544 / FAX: +31 (0) 20 36 32 616 E-MAIL: Fieurope@ubm. 2012 BIO-FACH WORLD TRADE FAIR FOR ORGANIC FOOD AND NATURAL PRODUCTS Venue: Exhibition Centre Nuremberg.

Outside of India.efloras. .efloras. Sarpagandhā (root) (API V) 59 인도사목 60 . there is presently very little export trade and mainly domestic consumption. Common names:  Bangladesh  Bhutan  China  Germany  India  Korea  Nepal   Pakistan Vietnam Sarpagandha.aspx?flora_id=2&taxon_id=200018451 36 . Siddha and Unani systems of medicine. Sarpa gandha Chhota Chand.php FAO Non-wood forest products of Bhutan: http://www. Plants). Jing-hong) and is also cultivated in Southern Guangdong. Lao People‘s Democratic 64 Republic. Eastern and Western Ghats. Apocynaceae). Nepal. Sikkim.efloras.cites.(Fam. Export permits are granted if the relevant authorities are satisfied that certain conditions are met.fao. above all that trade will not be detrimental to the survival of the species in the wild.org/docrep/X5335E/X5335E00. sarpagandah 55 蛇根木 (she gen mu) 56 Rauwolfiawurzel 57 58 Asrol (root) (UPI V) . 53 54 Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh: http://www.aspx?flora_id=2&taxon_id=200018451 56 Deutsches Arzneibuch (DAB 1999) 57 Unani Pharmacopoeia of India (UPI Volume V) 58 Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India (API Volume V) 59 Korean Herbal Pharmacopoeia (KHP 2002) 60 Flora of Pakistan: http://www.info/plants/rauvolfia-serpentina. and Viet Nam. Sri Lanka. which means that it is a species that is not necessarily now threatened with extinction but that may become so unless trade is closely controlled.org/florataxon. Only the Kingdom of Thailand and the Republic of India export small amounts of the root predominantly to the Federal Republic of Germany where it is value-added (standardized extracts) and either used as a pharmaceutical active ingredient in Germany or reexported. and Hainan 65 Provinces. Assam. It is listed in Appendix II of CITES. Rauwolfia root. Myanmar. Chhoto Chand.aspx?flora_id=5&taxon_id=200018451 62 Sach do Viet Nam Phan Thuc Vat (Red Data Book of Vietnam Volume 2. Pakistan.org/florataxon. in some parts of Central India and 63 in the Andaman Islands. as well as in folk medicine and homoeopathic medicine.9044 (Indian Trade Classification) Serpentina Roots Native Habitat and Distribution Distributed in the Sub-Himalayan tract from Punjab eastwards to Nepal.org/florataxon. Asrol 62 ba gac hoa do Rauwolfiae radix 61 53 Pharmacopoeial name: Harmonized System Tariff Codes (HS Codes) 1211. mainly to the Swiss Confederation. Bhutan. Indonesia. is used in the Ayurvedic. China.mpbd.) Bentham ex Kurz. In China it occurs in montane forests between 800-1500 m altitude in Southern Yunnan (Gengma. Chhoto Chadar. Southern Guangxi.000 to 500. 63 Indian Herbal Pharmacopoeia Revised New Edition 2002 64 CITES Species Database: http://www. Definition The whole or cut dried roots of Rauwolfia serpentina (L. which is mainly wild harvested but also produced somewhat from cultivated sources. in the lower hills of the Gangetic plains.INDIA and other Asian Countries PRODUCTION AND TRADE OF RAUWOLFIA ROOT FROM INDIA The Republic of India is the world‘s leading producer and consumer of rauwolfia root with estimated annual domestic consumption ranging from 200. Chand maruwa.aspx?flora_id=110&taxon_id=200018451 61 Flora of Nepal: http://www.000 kg.efloras.org/florataxon.html 65 Flora of China: http://www.org/eng/resources/species. Bhutan. Chandra 54 nakbhel. Malaysia. As such.1996. it occurs in Bangladesh.htm 55 Flora of China: http://www.

Mr 609) No Standard NLT 0. Volume 1. maintenance 50–300 mg daily. Treatment is usually administered in combination with a diuretic agent to support the drug‘s antihypertensive activity.who.0% of other NMT 0.0% NMT 2. Rauwolfia alkaloids may be 66 administered orally in a single daily dose or divided into two daily doses. serpentinine and ajmalicine LEGEND API V DAB KHP UPI V USP 34 Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India.0% No standard No standard NLT 10.0% No standard NMT 2.0% of other foreign organic matter No standard NMT 2.15% of reserpinerescinnamine group alkaloids.8 % of total alkaloids [reserpine (C33H40N2O9 : 608.html 37 . except stems NMT 8. Dose.0% Indole alkaloids present: reserpinine. Therapeutic Uses The principal use today is in the treatment of mild essential hypertension.0% No standard NLT 4. which must be adjusted according to the patient's requirements and tolerance in small increments at intervals of at least 10 days. Part I.0% NLT 4.0% of NMT 2.0% No standard NMT 1. 1999: http://apps.int/medicinedocs/en/d/Js2200e/24.0% NMT 2.0% NMT 1. Table 1 compares these standards. Korean Herbal Pharmacopoeia (KHP) and United States Pharmacopoeia (USP). There are pharmacopoeial monographs published in the Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India (API) and Unani Pharmacopoeia of India (UPI) as well as in the German Pharmacopoeia (DAB). Powder. The major supply source of wild harvested roots is from tropical forest areas. Debilitated and geriatric patients may require lower dosages of rauwolfia alkaloids than do other adults.0% NMT 10.0% of total alkaloids.0% of stems and NMT 3. 200 mg daily in divided doses for 1–3 weeks.0% NMT 2. Table 1: Standard Identification tests: Loss on Drying Foreign matter Comparison of Rauwolfia root Quality Standards API DAB KHP Macroscopic Macroscopic Macroscopic Microscopic Microscopic Microscopic Thin-layer Thin-layer Color reaction chromatography chromatography test No standard NMT 12. Doses of Radix Rauwolfiae should be based on the recommended dosage of rauwolfia alkaloids.0 % of stems and NMT branches and 3. Doses of other preparations should be calculated accordingly.69)] UPI Macroscopic Microscopic Thin-layer chromatography No standard NMT 2. Volume V United States Pharmacopeia 34th Revision 66 World Health Organization (WHO) Monographs on Selected Medicinal Plants. serpentinine and ajmalicine No standard NLT 1.0% NLT 10. calculated as reserpine Total ash Acid-insoluble ash Alcohol-soluble extractive Water-soluble extractive Content NMT 8. and to prevent fluid retention which may develop if Radix Rauwolfiae is given alone. Volume V Pharmacopoeia of Germany 1999 Korean Herbal Pharmacopoeia 2002 Unani Pharmacopoeia of India.0% Indole alkaloids present: reserpinine.0% No standard No standard NLT 0.0% USP Macroscopic Histology Chemical ID by chromatography NMT 12.Main Producing Areas Republic of India is the main producing and consuming country. Part I. Quality Standards Before trading it is important to understand the various defined quality grades and standards that buyers may specify. Thailand is also an exporter of wild harvested roots and there is significant trade reported in Myanmar. which can be used as the basis of quality specifications for test and release of rauwolfia root as an active ingredient. calculated as reserpine (C33H40O9N2. .5 % of foreign matter foreign matter.

Over-collection of rauwolfia root in India has significantly diminished supply and since 1997 there has been an embargo on export of the wild 67 Ved DK. Table 2: Rauwolfia root / Market Prices / Rs./kg) 350 250 300 350 260 220 250 325 290 300 Maximum Price (Rs. 2011 01 Feb. 2011 01 Feb.nic. All parts and derivatives of Rauvolfia serpentina except a) seeds and pollen. Table 2 shows the minimum. A forest management booklet for rauwolfia is available from the Asia Network for Sustainable 68 Agriculture and Bioresources (ANSAB): http://www. 2011 01 Feb./kg) 400 270 375 400 300 300 300 375 325 350 Average Price (Rs.nic.ansab. rauwolfia root is among the top 178 medicinal plants considered to be in high volume trade and consumption with an estimated annual domestic trade volume of 200 to 500 metric tons 67 (MT). 2011 01 Feb./kg) 375 260 338 375 280 260 275 350 307 325 Export Trade Nearly all rauwolfia is traded domestically for use in Indian systems of medicine. Demand and Supply of Medicinal Plants in India.pdf Market Prices Market pricing for Rauwolfia root is tracked through the National Medicinal Plants Board (NMPB) ― Weekly Online Pricing System of Medicinal Plants‖ For example.in/index1. which means that it is not necessarily now threatened with extinction but that may 70 become so unless trade is closely controlled. and b) finished products packaged and ready for retail trade.pdf The Government of India National Medicinal Plants Board (NMPB) provides cultivation practices 69 information in its ― Cultivation Practices of Some Commercially Important Medicinal Plants. 2011 01 Feb. 2011 01 Feb. Dehra Dun.Production Scenario Of the estimated 960 medicinal plant species that form the source of 1.org/market-information/resources/ntfp-management-booklets 69 National Medicinal Plants Board (NMPB) Cultivation Practices of Some Commercially Important Medicinal Plants: http://nmpb. 2011 01 Feb. maximum and average prices (Indian Rupees per kg) from selected Indian markets. 2008.cites./kg / 01 February 2011 Location Kolkata Bhubaneshwar Bokaro Nagaon Mandi Solan Bhopal Bangalore Delhi Saharanpur Species Sarpagandha (Rauvolfia Serpentina) Sarpagandha (Rauvolfia Serpentina) Sarpagandha (Rauvolfia Serpentina) Sarpagandha (Rauvolfia Serpentina) Sarpagandha (Rauvolfia Serpentina) Sarpagandha (Rauvolfia Serpentina) Sarpagandha (Rauvolfia Serpentina) Sarpagandha (Rauvolfia Serpentina) Sarpagandha (Rauvolfia Serpentina) Sarpagandha (Rauvolfia Serpentina) Week Date 01 Feb. 2011 01 Feb.org/eng/app/E-Apr27. Only a minor amount is exported to Germany under CITES permits.in/WriteReadData/links/560036043sarpgandha. 68 Asia Network for Sustainable Agriculture and Bioresources (AMSAB) Non-Timber Forest Products (NTFP) NTFP Management Booklets: http://www.ansab.pdf 38 . Goraya GS.org/UserFiles/ntfplets/sarpagandha.289 botanical raw drugs in trade in India. India: Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh.‖ available at: http://nmpb. are listed on CITES Appendix II. 2011 Minimum Price (Rs.php?level=1&sublinkid=693&lid=345 70 CITES Appendices as of 27 April 2011: http://www. 2011 01 Feb.

Wild/Cult Cultivated Wild Wild Origin Price per kg Nepal India Nepal India Nepal India Nepal India India Nepal India India India India India India India Nepal Nepal Nepal India Nepal Nepal Nepal Nepal India India Nepal India India India India India Nepal India India Nepal NPR 85-110 NPR 16-27 NPR 60 INR 775 NPR 45-60 NPR 90-99 NPR 65 NPR 34-45 NPR 104-120 NPR 95 INR 1010 INR 66. steam Cassia angustifolia sterilized Shatavari root Asparagus racemosus Shatavari root Turmeric rhizome Winged Prickly ash fruit (with seed) Winged Prickly ash fruit (with seed) (Timur) 71 Asparagus racemosus Curcuma longa Zanthoxylum armatum Zanthoxylum armatum World Health Organization (WHO) Monographs on Selected Medicinal Plants.5-125 NPR 190-275 NPR 25 NPR 85-130 NPR 115-144 NPR 80-100 NPR 1100 NPR 400-410 NPR 325-400 INR 1160 NPR 14400 NPR 12500 INR 334.65 NPR 736-800 NPR 400-550 INR 51. small Calamus root Calamus root Chebulic myrobalan fruit Chebulic myrobalan fruit Cinnamon bark Cinnamon bark (Dalchini) Clove flower bud Coriander fruit Cumin seed Fennel fruit Fenugreek seed Garlic bulb Ginger rhizome Basis Kathmandu/Nepalgunj Tanakpur/Lucknow/Kolkata/Delhi Kathmandu Gangtok Nepagunj/Kathmandu Tanakpur/Lucknow/Kolkata/Delhi Kathmandu Tanakpur/Lucknow/Delhi/Kolkata Tanakpur/Delhi/Kolkata/Lucknow Nepalgunj Cochin Chennai Chennai Chennai Chennai Cochin Nepagunj/Kathmandu Nepalgunj Kathmandu/Nepagunj Tanakpur/Delhi/Lucknow/Kolkata Nepagunj/Kathmandu Kathmandu Nepagunj/Kathmandu Kathmandu/Nepalgunj Cochin Delhi/Lucknow Nepalgunj Cochin Cochin FOB CA FOB Origin Tanakpur/Lucknow/Delhi/Kolkata Nepagunj/Kathmandu Erode/Chennai Tanakpur/Delhi/Kolkata/Lucknow Nepagunj/Kathmandu INR 162.harvested drug from India.5 Chennai Ginger rhizome. Wild/Cult. Volume 1. Wild/Cult. BOTANICAL RAW MATERIALS (indicative bulk prices) INR = Indian Rupees / NPR = Nepalese Rupees / USD = United States Dollars Botanical Name Phyllanthus emblica Terminalia bellerica Terminalia bellerica Elettaria cardamomum Acorus calamus Acorus calamus Terminalia chebula Terminalia chebula Cinnamomum zeylanicum Cinnamomum zeylanicum Syzygium aromaticum Coriandrum sativum Cuminum cyminum Foeniculum vulgare Trigonella foenum-graecum Allium sativum Zingiber officinale Zingiber officinale Rheum australe Rheum australe Rheum australe Amomum subulatum Nardostachys grandiflora Piper longum Myristica fragrans Morchella conica Morchella conica Myristica fragrans Myristica fragrans Cultivated or Wild Wild/Cult.5 USD 4.5 INR 35 INR 41. 1999: http://apps.5-172. Cultivated Cult./Wild Wild Wild Cultivated Cultivated Cultivated Cultivated Cultivated Cultivated Cultivated Cultivated Cultivated Cultivated Cultivated Wild Wild Wild Cult/Wild Wild Cult/Wild Cultivated Wild Wild Cultivated Cultivated Cultivated Cultivated Wild/Cult.5 INR 107.who. TBC. The purified substance reserpine is currently either extracted from the 71 roots of Rauvolfia vomitoria of African origin or produced by total synthesis. powdered steam Plantago ovata sterilized Senna leaf.8-97. fresh (Aduwa) Himalayan rhubarb petiole (Amalbed / Chulthi) Himalayan rhubarb petiole (Amalbed / Chulthi) Himalayan rhubarb root and rhizome (Padamchal) Indian cardamom seed (Alaichi) Jatamansi root Long pepper fruit (Pipla) Mace aril Morel mushroom Morel mushroom (Guchhichyau) Nutmeg kernel (with shell) Nutmeg kernel (w/o shell) Psyllium seed.5 INR 632.5 INR 107.5 NPR 125-136 NPR 120-265 Product Amla fruit Belleric myrobalan fruit Belleric myrobalan fruit Cardamom seed.int/medicinedocs/en/d/Js2200e/24. dried (Suntho) Zingiber officinale Ginger rhizome.5-67./Wild Cult.html 39 .5 USD 9.

Okhla. Naraina Vihar. New Delhi. Contact: Directorate of Mushroom Research. A block. New Delhi and Services International Contact: D-4.org WEB: http://www.html September 25-27. and Cosmetics. Indian Council of Agricultural Research.org/html/training_calender_. MEETINGS AND TRADE SHOWS INDIA and other Southern.com WEB: http://www. flavors and aromas.*Certified Organic / ** Certified Organic & Fair Trade Notes: (1) Quality Standards: Monographs providing quality standards and tests for most all of the above listed herbs can be found either in the Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India (Volumes I through V). Volume I).org Main Topics include cultivation of plants used for the production of essential oils and oil production.org WEB: http://www. Workshops include: Regulatory Affairs of Herbal Medicinal Products. 230541 E-MAIL: Directormr@gmail. Turkey TEL: +90 312 439 68 04 FAX: +90 312 439 68 02 / FAX: +48 71 328 40 64 E-MAIL: info@iseo2011. Solan. the Indian Pharmacopoeia 2010. Central and Western Asian Countries September 4-9. and Breeding and Cultivation of Medicinal Plants. LSC. Himachal Pradesh.ga2011.com 40 . Hotel Antalya. September 20-26. Indian Council for Agricultural Research. Manufacturing and Quality Control of Herbal Remedies. Turkey Supporters: ICMAP.nrcmushroom. Belek. TEL: 91-1792-230767. International Year of Chemistry 2011 Sponsor: MG Gülcicek International Fragrance Company. There will also be an exhibition. the Unani Pharmacopoeia of India (Volumes I through V). 2011 th 59 INTERNATIONAL CONGRESS AND ANNUAL MEETING OF THE SOCIETY FOR MEDICINAL PLANT AND NATURAL PRODUCT RESEARCH Venue: Maritim Pine Beach Hotel. Cadde 65/10 Yildiz Çankaya Ankara. Hüsnü Can Başer TEL: +90 312 439 68 04 FAX: +90 312 439 68 02 E-MAIL: info@ga2011. Ring Road. New Delhi-110028.asianherbalshow. India TEL: +91 11 45055500 FAX: +91 11 45055566 info@servintonline. Quality control and safety assessments of phytomedicines. September 11-14. Chambaghat 173213. 2011 TRAINING ON MUSHROOM CULTIVATION FOR SMALL / MARGINAL FARMERS / GROWERS-II Venue: Chambagaht.com E-MAIL: WEB: http://www.ideo2011. 2011 nd 42 INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM ON ESSENTIAL OILS (ISEO 2011) Venue: Maritim Pine Beach Resort. and/or the Indian Herbal Pharmacopoeia 2002. CAMAG Contact: FTS Turizm Hilal Mahallesi 4. the Siddha Pharmacopoeia of India (Part I. 2011 ASIAN HERBAL SHOW & EXHIBITION Venue: NSIC Exhibition Grounds.org Topics: Conservation and biodiversity issues. Solan India Sponsors: Directorate of Mushroom Research. among others. Antalya. Turkey Contact: Chairman K. India Host: Society for Conservation and Resource Development of Medicinal Plants.

Exhibitor profile: Suppliers of herbal extracts and ingredients, Medicinal Plants Boards, Forest Departments, Ayurvedic, Siddha and Unani herbal drugs, manufacturers of herbal foods and herbal teas, health drinks and dietary supplements, manufacturers of equipment and machines used in manufacture of Ayurvedic and other herbal medicinal products. October 3-4, 2011 FOOD INGREDIENTS INDIA 2011 Venue: Bombay Exhibition Centre, Mumbai, India Contact: UBM International Media, PO Box 12740, 1100 AS Amsterdam Z.O., Netherlands. TEL: +31 (0) 20 40 99 544 FAX: +31 (0) 20 36 32 616 E-MAIL: Jonathon.vis@ubm.com WEB: http://fiindia.ingredientsnetwork.com Although most exhibitors represent the food ingredient value chain, there will be some exhibitors of medicinal and aromatic plants & extracts. October 20-22, 2011 2nd GLOBAL SUMMIT ON SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT AND BIODIVERSITY (GLOSS 2011) Venue: Raipur, Chhattisgarh, India Host: Council for Tribal and Rural Development (CTRD), Society for International Development (SID), African Bound Corporation, German Association for Homa therapy, AEI Research and Consultancy Pvt. Ltd. Contact: Dr. R.N. Pati, Conference Coordinator Mahamaya Bhawan, HIG-101, Kanan Vihar, Phase-1, PO Patia, Bhubaneswar TEL: +91 674 274 1025/395 1598 FAX: +91 674 395 1598 E-MAIL: drpati54@gmail.com WEB: http://www.gloss2011.com Conference theme: Traditional knowledge and biodiversity conservation, sustainable development, public interest environmental laws, energy and biodiversity, conservation and sustainable use of wild plant diversity. Exhibitor profile: Producers, processors and exporters of medicinal herbs, certified organic ingredients, essential oils, equipment for packaging herbal products. October 29-31, 2011 THE FIFTH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON VETIVER (ICV-5) Venue: Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, Lucknow India Organizers: Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants (CIMAP), The Chaipattana Foundation (Bangkok, Thailand), Office of the Royal Development Projects Board (ORDPB) (Bangkok Thailand), The Vetiver Network International (TVNI), The India Vetiver Network, National Science Agencies in India (CSIR, DST, ICAR, National Medicinal Plant Board, Ministry of Environment and Forests, etc.) Contact: ICV-5 Secretariat Dr. U. C. Lavania, Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants (CIMAP) / TEL: +91 522 271743 FAX: +91 522 2342666 E-MAIL: icv-5@cimpa.res.in WEB: http://icv-5.cimap.res.in Conference Theme: The fast growing and deep roots of Vetiver and high biomass has opened new opportunities for its utilization in mitigating global warming through photosynthetic capture of atmospheric carbon and its sequestration in subsoil horizons. Technical advances are also being made in cellulosic conversion of plant biomass into biofuel offering an integrated approach for optimum utilization of vetiver plantations thereby reducing the load from anthropogenic emissions. The conference aims to review the states of art developments on the prospects and potential of Vetiver in addressing issues related to climate change and mitigation of global warming, update the latest developments of Vetiver applications to underscore its promises and potential in the service of the global community, overview the Vetiver Ecosystem Services.

41

November 10-12, 2011 BIOFACH INDIA 2011 INTERNATIONAL ORGANIC TRADE FAIR Venue: Bombay Exhibition Centre, Mumbai India Patron: International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements (IFOAM) Supporters: NCOF, Ministry of Agriculture, APEDA, MOFPI Organizer: NürnbergMesse, Nurnberg Global Fairs, International Competence Centre for Organic Agriculture (ICCOA). Contact: Miriam Stahel, Nurnberg Global fairs Messezentrum 90471 Nurnberg Germany. TEL: +49 (0) 9 11 86 06-86 92 FAX: +49 911 8606 8694 E-MAIL: biofach-globally@nuernbergmesse.de WEB: http://www.biofach-india.com Exhibitor profile: Although primarily a trade show for certified organic finished products, there will be some suppliers of botanical raw materials and extracts. December 5-7, 2011 MIDDLE EAST NATURAL & ORGANIC PRODUCTS EXPO (MENOPE) 2011 Venue: Dubai International Exhibition & Convention Centre, Dubai, UAE Patrons: UAE Ministry of Health, UAE Ministry of Environment & Water, Dubai Municipality. Organizer: Global Links Dubai LLC, a division of Conex Exhibitions LLC. Supporters: International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements (IFOAM), Chamber of Herbal Industries of the Philippines, Korea Health Supplement Association, International Competence Centre of Agriculture, MEVEG. Contact: Global Links Dubai LLC P.O. Box 34351, Dubai, U.A.E TEL: +971 4 3322283, 3327274 FAX: +971 4 3322253 EMAIL: info@naturalproductme.com WEB: http://www.naturalproductme.com Exhibitor Profile: Herbs & spices, herbal extracts, herbal teas & coffees, phytopharmaceutical products, traditional medicines (Ayurveda, Homeopathic, Naturopathic), dietary supplements, organic foods, natural juice, aromatherapy products February 17-19, 2012 TH 12 INTERNATIONAL CONGRESS OF ETHNOPHARMACOLOGY Venue: School of Natural Product Studies Jadavpur University, Kolkata, India Contact: Dr. Pulok K. Mukherjee PhD, FRSC, Department of Pharmaceutical Technology, Jadavpur University, Kolkata TEL/FAX: +91 33 24146046 / +9 1801 7783910 E-MAIL: info@ise-snpsju.org or natprodpk@yahoo.com WEB: http://www.ise-snpsju.org Sessions of interest to producers, traders and exporters of medicinal plants & extracts will include:  Global trade and commercialization of Ayurveda and other ancient systems of medicine  Ethnopharmacology, bio-cultural diversity and conservation of medicinal plants  International co-operation for promotion and development of natural products. February 23-25, 2012 th PANACEA – 5 NATURAL PRODUCTS EXPO INDIA Venue: World Trade Centre Complex, Mumbai, India Organizers: Seishido Communications Contact: Ms. Mini Chakravarty, CEO mini@seishidocommunications.com E-MAIL: WEB: http://www.seishidocommunications.com Exhibitor Profile: Raw Material & Ingredients: Plant Extracts, Raw and Encapsulated Herbs, Spices, Natural Ingredients, Nutraceuticals, Pro-Biotics Functional Food & Bakery Ingredients, Cosmeceutical, Oilseeds & Oilseed extract Natural Essence, Natural colors & Flavorings etc…. Natural Medicinal products: Herbal, Ayurveda, Naturopathy, Homeopathy, Unani, Siddha, Chinese 42

medicines and other Traditional medicines…. Other Natural Products: Textile Fibers, Detergents, Pesticides, Fertilizers & Crop Care, Household Cleaners, Forest Produce, Bio-energetics & Essence Sticks… December 27-30, 2012 TH th 5 WORLD AYURVEDA CONGRESS (5 WAC) AND AROGYA EXPO Venue: Lal Parade Ground, Bhopal, India Organizers: Vijnana Bharati India (VIBHA); Department of AYUSH (Ayurveda, Yoga and Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homoeopathy), Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India Partners: Pharmaceuticals Export Promotion Council (PHARMEXCIL), Dhootapapeshwar, Ministry of Commerce & Industry Government of India, Avs, Kottakal. Contacts: WAC Secretariat Organising Committee Office, ZCCK Premises, OPD Entrance NIMHANS Bengaluru, Karnataka 560029 India; TEL: 91 80 265 62 555 Arogya Expo Contact: Mr Ranjit Puranik EMAIL: arogya@ayurworld.org / TEL: +91 98470 75750 Buyer-Seller Meet Contact: Mr. S Murali Krishna EMAIL: info@pharmexcil.com or research@pharmexcil.com TEL: +91 92461 99792 WEB: http://www.ayurworld.org AROGYA Expo Exhibitor profile includes collectors, cultivators, suppliers and traders of medicinal plants for use in Ayurvedic herbal medicinal products. There will also be an organized buyer-seller meet with a focus on Ayurveda and herbal value-added products, powders and extracts, Ayurvedic and herbal formulations, dietary supplements, nutraceuticals, functional foods and botanical drugs developed for specific world markets.

43

subpart I. WHETHER OR NOT REFINED OR COLORED FDA Flag for Prior Notice FD3 FD3 . It is a hard.663. opaque to translucent wax. yellow-brown. 72 CITES Notification to the Parties. the article has both food and non-food uses.0020 (HTSUS) Vegetable waxes: Candelilla HS 1521. Botanical name: Common name: Euphorbia antisyphilitica Zucc. Candelilla Wax FCC occurs as a hard. opaque-totranslucent wax. (Fam. It is a purified wax obtained from the leaves of the candelilla plant.Indicates that the article may be subject to prior notice under section 801(m) of the FD&C Act and 21 CFR Part1. All plant parts and derivatives that are not ― packaged and ready for retail trade‖ are included in Appendix II (e. yellowish-brown.g. Mexico exported 1. It is composed of about 50 percent hydrocarbons with smaller amounts of esters and free acids. French Republic. Excluded from CITES Appendix II are finished products for 72 retail sale such as lipsticks. .983. Export permits are granted if the relevant authorities are satisfied that certain conditions are met. which is used as a component of cosmetics.0000 (BTI) Candelilla wax HS Code Sources Legend: BTI Binding Tariff Information (BTI) rulings of the European Commission Taxation and Customs Union HTSUS Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States WCO World Customs Organization (WCO) Compendium of Classification Opinions Subject to Prior Notice before import into the United States: HTS Code 1521100020 Article Description CANDELILLA VEGETABLE WAX. Euphorbiaceae) Candelilla Wax (English) Cera de Candelilla (Spanish) Definitions: Candelilla Wax CFR is obtained from the candelilla plant.0000 (BTI) Candelilla resin HS 1521.718 kg mainly to the United States of America. Euphorbiaceae).g. foods and medicines. This species also occurs in parts of the southern USA. and Federal Republic of Germany.10.cites. which means that it is a species that is not necessarily now threatened with extinction but that may become so unless trade is closely controlled. Chemical Abstracts Service (CAS) Registry Number: 008006448 International Numbering System of the Codex Alimentarius (INS) Number: 902 Harmonized System Tariff Codes (HS Codes): HS 1301. Candelilla Wax NF is the purified wax obtained from the leaves of the candelilla plant. Candelilla wax is prepared by immersing the plants in boiling water containing sulfuric acid and skimming off the wax that rises to the surface. Euphorbia antisyphilitica. Euphorbia antisyphilitica (Fam. It is soluble in chloroform and in toluene. above all that trade will not be detrimental to the survival of the species in the wild. e. but insoluble in water. 19 November 2010: http://www. Its specific gravity is about 0..10.org/eng/notif/2010/E036. In 2010. Japan.90.NORTH AMERICA PRODUCTION AND TRADE OF CANDELILLA WAX FROM MEXICO The United Mexican States (Mexico) is the world‘s main producer and exporter of candelilla wax. candelilla wax) of CITES.pdf 44 .

border. 69. with special focus on Candelilla wax. 170.org/downloads/mpc10.3(n)(6) (3) As a component of hard candy and cough drops: 21 CFR Sec.g.1976 (2) As a component of chewing gum: 21 CFR Sec. Nov-Dec 2006.conabio.3(n)(25) (4) As a lubricant substance in foods: 21 CFR Sec. Candelilla (Euphorbia antisyphilitica).pdf Schneider E. 170. 175.org/common/com/PC/18/X-PC18-Inf06. The entire mature plant is uprooted.3(o)(18): (5) As a surface-finishing agent in foods: 21 CFR Sec.iucn. and Coahuila. Trade survey study on succulent Euphorbia species protected by CITES and used as cosmetic. surface-finishing agent) so long as it conforms to the standards of the Food Chemicals Codex monograph (Candelilla Wax FCC) Quality Standards Before exporting it is important to understand the various defined quality grades and standards that buyers may specify.320(b)(3)(iii) (8) As a component of paper and paperboard in contact with dry food: 21 CFR Sec.180 (9) As a thickener and wax used in cosmetic stick products such as lipsticks and blushers (10) As an excipient component of pharmaceutical products so long as it conforms to the standards of the National Formulary monograph (Candelilla Wax NF) (11) As a food ingredient (e. 170. waxes. It also occurs in the USA.candelilla.105(c) (7) As a component of resinous and polymeric coatings for polyolefin films [adjuvants (release agents. Tamaulipas.Native Habitat Mainly found growing wild in the Chihuahuan Desert which straddles the Mexican and U.cites.pdf Gutierrez EC et al.3(o)(30) (6) As a food additive substance that is a component of adhesives: 21 CFR Sec.org 45 . August 2004. There are pharmacopoeial monographs for Candelilla Wax available in the Food Chemicals Codex (FCC) as well as in the United States Pharmacopeia National Formulary (USP-NF). Volume 9/10:46-50. Production Scenario Candelilla wax is obtained exclusively from the wild-harvested candelilla shrubs mainly from the Mexican states of Coahuila and Chihuahua and in Texas. in southwest Texas and in New Mexico. Main Uses in Cosmetic. Candelilla. Available at: http://cmsdata. Available at: http://www. Eighteenth meeting of the Plants Committee Buenos Aires (Argentina). §170. and dispersants)]: 21 CFR Sec. Food and Pharmaceutical Products (1) As a substance added directly to food affirmed as Generally Recognized as Safe (GRAS): 21 CFR Sec.S.mx/otros/biodiversitas/doctos/pdf/biodiv69.gob. 184. Useful publications on the harvest and processing of Candelilla shrubs include the following: Barsch F. 176. The wax is prepared by immersing the plants in boiling water containing sulfuric acid and skimming off the wax that rises to the surface. No. It is distributed in the Mexican states of Durango. Medicinal Plant Conservation. Available at: http://www. Biodiversitas. 175. Nuevo León. Chihuahua. Utilisation in Mexico and international trade. San Luis Potosí. Zacatecas. masticatory substance in chewing gum base. It is composed of about 50 percent hydrocarbons with smaller amounts of esters and free acids.pdf More info is available from the Candelilla Institute website: http://www. Main Producing Areas Mexican states of Coahuila and Chihuahua and in Texas. del desierto mexicano hacia el mundo. 17-21 March 2009: Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Flora and Fauna. food and medicine.

No storage requirements specified. Candelilla Wax. were the United States 563.Selected Suppliers of Candelilla Wax: Henka S. A hard.spwax. About 0. Produccion de Cera S.672.multiceras.com/spcandel.alibaba. insoluble in water.A. and Germany 269.V.002% (USP 231) As per Candelilla Wax NF monograph test (USP 251) 73 73 United States Pharmacopoeial Convention.025 kg. Soluble in chloroform and in toluene.htm Volume of Candelilla Trade: Mexico‘s export trade volume of Candelilla wax is reported in the CITES Trade Database.A. de C. Euphorbiaceae) Purified wax obtained from the leaves.245 kg). collectively accounting for over 92% of the total export volume. 2011. which was nearly the same quantity as exported in 2009 (1.com http://www. BOTANICAL PRODUCT SPECIFICATIONS Candelilla Wax a product of MEXICO PRODUCT Botanical name Part used and Form Packaging and Storage CHARACTERS Appearance Solubility Specific gravity IDENTIFICATION Infrared absorption Melting range TESTS Acid value Saponification value Heavy metals Limit for lead Candelilla Wax NF Euphorbia antisyphilitica Zucc.5º and 72. rd 46 . France 315. MD: United States Pharmacopeial Convention. yellowish-brown-opaque to translucent wax.983 As per Candelilla Wax NF monograph test Between 68.663. Mexico exported 1. (Fam.ceradecandelilla.com http://www. In 2010. Rockville. In: United States Pharmacopeia 34 Revision th National Formulary 29 Edition (USP34-NF29). Main importers in 2010.A. Koster Keunen LLC Multiceras S.718 kg.html http://www. de C. Japan 395. Strahl & Pitsch http://www.com http://www.023 kg.com/member/mx107657873/contactinfo.000 kg.kosterkeunen.5º (USP 741) Between 12 and 22 (USP 401) Between 43 and 65 (USP 401) Maximum 0.V. Preserve in well-closed containers.195 kg.

(2) Echinacea angustifolia root is up in price as it is not readily available.21 USD 55 USD 16.BOTANICAL RAW MATERIALS (indicative bulk prices) CAD = Canadian Dollar – USD = United States Dollar Product American ginseng root American ginseng root American ginseng root American ginseng root American ginseng root* Black cohosh rhizome Cardamom seed Coriander fruit Echinacea herb* Echinacea root* Echinacea root* Goldenseal rhizome Goldenseal rhizome Botanical Name Panax quinquefolius Panax quinquefolius Panax quinquefolius Panax quinquefolius Panax quinquefolius Actaea racemosa Elettaria cardamomum Coriandrum sativum Echinacea purpurea Echinacea purpurea Echinacea purpurea Hydrastis canadensis Hydrastis canadensis Grade Hong Kong top USP-NF Small legs Medium USP-NF Extract quality USP-NF NK PhEur USP-NF PhEur Extract quality NK California Prop 65 compliant NK PhEur BHP USP-NF USP BHP Cultivated Or Wild Wild Cultivated Cultivated Cultivated Cultivated Wild Cultivated Cultivated Cultivated Cultivated Cultivated Cultivated Wild Wild/Cult Cultivated Cultivated Cultivated Wild Wild Wild Origin USD Wisconsin Minnesota Minnesota Canada USA Guatemala Canada Pacific NW California Pacific NW Wisconsin USA USA USA USA USA Florida USA USA Price per kg USD 1158 USD 60 USD 61.05 USD 30.77 USD 7. early snow.5 Basis FOB Farmgate-WI FOB SF FOB SF Farmgate EXW FOB Spot NY FOB Pac NW Farmgate-CA FOB Pac NW Farmgate WI EXW FOB CA FOB Pac NW FOB Pac NW FOB CA EXW-FL FOB USA FOB CA Goldenseal rhizome Hydrastis canadensis powdered steam sterilized Marshmallow root Althaea officinalis Peppermint leaf* Pleurisy root Saw palmetto fruit Slippery elm bark* Wild Cherry bark Mentha × piperita Asclepias tuberosa Serenoa repens Ulmus rubra Prunus serotina * Certified organic – NK = Grade not known Notes: (1) Quality Standards: Standards for the above listed medicinal plants are published in the United States Pharmacopeia .National Formulary (USP-NF). 47 .15 USD 41. 15% phytosterols Origin USA USA USA USA USA Price USD/kg 65-85 35-48 90 85-110 77 Basis FOB USA FOB USA FOB USA FOB USA FOB CA Notes: (1) Black Cohosh rhizome prices rose over the last quarter of 2010 due to a late harvest coming which was a result of a severe winter in the southeast.04 USD 78.95 USD 12.48 USD 5. BOTANICAL EXTRACTS (Indicative bulk prices) Product Black cohosh rhizome dry extract (Actaea racemosa) Echinacea purpurea herb dry extract (Echinacea purpurea) Goldenseal rhizome. and a low stock of the harvest from the previous year.42 USD 16.95 USD 79 USD 1.9 USD 8.5 USD 75 USD 95 USD 13.73 USD 99. powdered extract (Hydrastis canadensis) Saw palmetto fruit extract (EU standard) (Serenoa repens) Saw palmetto fruit CO2 soft extract (Serenoa repens) Standard min 2.5% triterpene glycosides as 27-deoxyactein min 4% phenols expressed as chlorogenic acid 5% alkaloids (hydrastine & berberine) min 85% and max 95% fatty acids Min 85% fatty acids. Some also has quality standards published in the Farmacopea Herbolaria de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos (FHEUM) and/or in the European Pharmacopoeia (PhEur).9 USD 22.

Anaheim. 1171 E-MAIL: twillis@vpico.aspx Engredea. 2012 SUPPLY SIDE MARKET PLACE Venue: Javits Center. equipment and services. co-located in Natural Product Expo West. brings together natural ingredient suppliers and product manufacturers to source new ingredients. Boulder CO 80302 USA. Las Vegas.com WEB: http://www.com WEB: http://awadevelopment. 2011 SUPPLY SIDE WEST INTERNATIONAL TRADE SHOW AND CONFERENCE Venue: Venetian Hotel and Sands Exposition Center.org/i4a/pages/index. Box 26344 Honolulu HI 96825 TEL: (808) 256 5606 / FAX: (808) 395 3772 E-MAIL: secy.astaspice. McCarthy Mall Honolulu Hawai‘i Contact: ‗ Awa Development Council. May 8-10.com/engredea12/Public/enter.html Exhibitor Profile: Exhibitors of natural health ingredients and medicinal herbs & extracts. noxious weed/seed issues will be addressed by USDA staff plus an update on the Reportable Food Registry.supplysideshow. USA Organizer: Virgo Publishing. Boulder.com WEB: http://engredea. 2011 2011 ASTA REGULATORY/LEGISLATIVE WORKSHOP: The Food Safety Modernization Act and Its Impact on the Spice Industry Venue: Hyatt Regency Crystal City.supplysideshow. P. 2011 HAWAI‘I PACIFIC ISLANDS KAVA FESTIVAL Venue: UH Manoa main campus. March 9-11.cfm?pageID=4230 Speakers from the FDA will discuss food safety in the spice industry.com/west Exhibitor Profile: Exhibitors of natural health ingredients and medicinal herbs & extracts.com/2012/marketplace/exhibit. Phoenix. California USA Producer: New Hope Natural Media. packaging. October 8. 1401 Pearl Street. VA Organizer: American Spice Trade Association (ASTA) Contact: ASTA TEL: 202 367 1127 / FAX: 202 367 2127 E-MAIL: info@astaspice. Phoenix.O. Suite 200. Colorado USA Contact: New Hope Natural Media. Arizona USA WEB: http://www.adc@gmail. TEL: 303 390 1776 E-MAIL: tradeshows@newhope. 2012 ENGREDEA INGREDIENTS & INNOVATION Venue: Anaheim Convention Center.MEETINGS AND TRADE SHOWS NORTH AMERICAN COUNTRIES October 5. Arizona USA Contact: Todd Willis TEL: 480 990 1101 ext. technologies. Arlington.org WEB: http://www. New York City Organizer: Virgo Publishing.org/kavafestival/ October 10-14. 48 .

90. 5ª edição. Pilocarpine USP contains not less than 95. extracted. In: Farmacopeia Brasileira.europa. 74 75 Lista Oficial de Espécies da Flora Brasileira Ameaçadas de Extinção (Brasil. Function: Skin conditioning (maintains the skin in 76 good condition).  Harmonized System Tariff Codes (HS Codes) HS 1211.0 percent and not more than 100. Jaborandi is listed as an 74 endangered species of Brazil. through a series of steps.anvisa. which is used as a prescription drug in ophthalmology for treatment of glaucoma.gov. Pilocarpine Hydrochloride USP. As such. or other suitable Pilocarpus species. Main Producing Areas Brazilian States of Maranhão.5000 (HTSUS) Pilocarpine hydrochloride and Pilocarpine nitrate. Native Habitat Pará and Maranhão States.1000 (HTSUS) Pilocarpine. EINECS/ELINCS # 283-279-3.  Jaborandi Tinctura FB is the 1:10 (w/v) liquid extract prepared from Jaborandi Folium by maceration or percolation using ethanol 65% (v/v) as extraction solvent. containing minimum 75 0.SOUTH AMERICA SUSTAINBLE PRODUCTION AND TRADE OF JABORANDI FROM BRAZIL The leaves of the Brazilian medicinal plant Jaborandi provide the starting material of herbal origin for the production of natural herbal extracts as well as for extraction of the alkaloid pilocarpine. IBAMA. calculated on the anhydrous basis.90 (WCO) Jaborandi leaf HS 2939. a region of mid-northern Brazil known as ― Pre-Amazônia‖ (Pre-Amazon). Volume II: 2010. Pilocarpine Hydrochloride Tablets USP. Rutaceae). (Fam. 1075. Cosmetic uses Pilocarpus Microphyllus Leaf Extract (the extract of the leaves of Pilocarpus microphyllus. Information on sustainable production and use from selected projects are discussed here. HS 2939. 1992) Jaborandi tinctura. and Pilocarpine Nitrate Ophthalmic Solution USP. In: European Commission CosIng Database: http://ec.br/hotsite/cd_farmacopeia/pdf/farmacopeia_volume_2_2803. Pilocarpine Hydrochloride Ophthalmic Solution USP.5 percent of pilocarpine (C11H16N2O2). Pilocarpine Nitrate USP. methods of sustainable wild harvesting and sustainable agriculture are being implemented. Botanical name: Common names: Pilocarpus microphyllus Stapf.26). Rutaceae) is listed in the European Commission Cosmetic Ingredients and Substances (CosIng) database: CAS # 84604-03-5.eu/consumers/cosmetics/cosing/index.cfm?fuseaction=search. Pará and Piauí. from dried crushed leaves of Pilocarpus microphyllus. (Fam.90.06% of total alkaloids expressed as pilocarpine (C11H16N2O2. M 208.pdf 76 Pilocarpus Microphyllus Leaf Extract. Related monographs include Pilocarpine Ocular System USP. Rutaceae) English: French: German: Italian: Portuguese: Spanish: Jaborandi Folium Jaborandi Infusum Jaborandi Tinctura Pilocarpi Folium Pilocarpi Fluidextractum Jaborandi leaf Feuille de jaborandi Jaborandiblätter Foglia di iaborandi Maranhão jaborandi Hoja de jaborandi Jaborandi leaf Jaborandi tea Jaborandi tincture Jaborandi leaf Jaborandi fluidextract Pharmacopoeial names: Definitions  Jaborandi Folium is the dried leaflet of Pilocarpus microphyllus Stapf.detailsPDF&id=86882 49 . Available at: http://www.

Visuex. Vegeflora has implemented the sustainability standard ― BioTrade 80 Verification Framework for Native Natural Ingredients. São João do Arraial.pdf. 2010.com.pdf Jaborandi tinctura. Available at: http://webprod3. Definition of fair prices for all involved in the supply chain and establishment of contracts of Payment for Environmental Services (PES) have been implemented in the project. Ottawa. Volume II: 2010.   Quality Standards Before exporting it is important to understand the various defined quality grades and standards that buyers may specify. 1075. NHPD. For its jaborandi harvesting. making it difficult to see objects up close) and for 77 astigmatism (condition that causes blurred vision). which supports the approximately 250 harvesters in this region who are trained in sustainable pruning practices. an accredited independent inspection and certification organization (http://www.gov.gov/downloads/Drugs/DevelopmentApprovalProcess/DevelopmentResources/UCM218957. Campo Largo.hc-sc. Available at: http://www. For additional household income. Morro do Chapéu and Esperantina.E. a company of the Centroflora Group. extracted from the leaves of the Pilocarpus microphyllus Stapf (jaborandi) plant.  Pilocarpine hydrochloride tablets are approved in the United States for the treatment of symptoms of dry mouth from salivary gland hypofunction caused by radiotherapy for cancer of the head and 78 neck and for the treatment of symptoms of dry mouth in patients with Sjogren's Syndrome.‖ is being implemented in the areas of Matias Olímpio.‖ which has been audited and certified by IBD (Instituto Biodinâmico for Rural Development). In the Território dos Cocais. weakening vision.br/images/Vegeflora_UEBT_Public_Summary_Report.br/hotsite/cd_farmacopeia/pdf/farmacopeia_volume_2_2803. In: Farmacopeia Brasileira. CLINICAL REVIEW for NDA 200-890. presbyopia (condition in which the lens of the eye loses its ability to focus. The company intends to obtain about 50% of its requirements from sustainable wild harvesting and the other 50% from sustainable cultivation. Porto. Pilocarpine hydrochloride ophthalmic gel 4% is a sterile topical ophthalmic aqueous gel approved in the United States to control intraocular pressure. Pilocarpine ophthalmic solution is a prescription medication for treating glaucoma.jsp United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA).anvisa. Available at: http://www. Piauí State.pdf 50 .Therapeutic uses  Jaborandi Tinctura and dilutions of the tincture are used in homoeopathic medicine in formulations for treatment of ocular fatigue. the harvesters from Território dos Cocais region also harvest babaçu mesocarp (Orbignya phalerata Mart.ibd.ibdsocioambiental. A public summary of IBD‘s 2010 inspection (updated 22 March 2011) is available at: http://www.ca/lnhpd-bdpsnh/index-eng.br). A partnership between the German Society for International Cooperation (GIZ) and the Floravida Institute created the ― Casa do Jaborandi‖. Vegeflora Extrações do Nordeste Ltda.pdf STD01 .com.ethicalbiotrade. Vegeflora is sponsoring the production of jaborandi seedlings which will be placed in Tabuleiros region – Parnaíba littoral.) H. 77 78 79 80 Health Canada Natural Health Products Directorate (NHPD). Moore [Arecaceae]). Available at: http://www.BioTrade Verification Framework for Native Natural Ingredients . one of the poorest regions of Brazil: Vegeflora‘s project which they call ― Valorization Project of Native Jaborandi. Luzilândia. produces pilocarpine salts. 5ª edição.org/dl/Engl-UEBT-Nat-Ingredients-Ver-framework-2007-09-20%28rev1%29b. in addition to the harvesting of jaborandi leaves. To insure a sustainable supply that keeps up with demand.2007-09-20. Ontario. The Brazilian Pharmacopoeia provides quality standards monographs for 79 Jaborandi Tinctura as well as for Pilocarpini hydrochloridum. The company is also cultivating acerola fruit (Malpighia glabra L. [Arecaceae (Palmae)]) and carnaúba leaf (Copernica prunifera (Mill.gc. Sustainable Production Scenario – Case Study Located in the city of Parnaíba.fda. In: Licensed Natural Health Products Database.

br http://www. Vegeflora intends to expand its activities to Maranhão.yerbalatina.hervaquimica. and thereby discouraging the collection of entire plants. Vegeflora has also established a partnership between a mining company ― Vale‖.santosflora.com.com 81 IBD CERTIFICAÇÕES LTDA. [Boraginaceae]) and neem (Azadirachta indica A. hats. Vegeflora motivated and helped the harvesters to form a cooperative called ― Cooperativa dos Extrativistas de Produtos Não Madeireiros e Compradores de Produtos Extrativistas de São Félix do Xingu – COOPEXINGU. During trainings. Reforesting projects with jaborandi. At the plant the leaves are processed for extraction of the pilocarpine salts. Environment education.centroflora.‖ The cooperative now has 55 members who have been trained on sustainable pruning methods that ensure regeneration. permitting reproduction and perpetuation of the species. the German GIZ and ICMBio (Instituto Chico Mendes de Conservação da Biodiversidade).com. The leaves are collected in the forest and Savannas (Carajás and Xingu) or in the Caatinga (Cocais Territory).com http://www. Juss.br http://www. coconut (Cocos nucifera L.[Malpighiaceae]).brazilianforest. harvesting in the National Forest of Carajás – FLONA Carajás. Vegeflora provides shears. In this partnership. where they are left for nearly 3 days and turned when necessary to not ferment. is carried out through the cooperative ― Cooperativa dos Colhedores de Folha de Jaborandi – YABORANDI. overalls. erva baleeira (Cordia verbenacea DC. Union for Ethical BioTrade (UEBT) Public Summary: VEGEFLORA EXTRAÇÕES DO NORDESTE LTDA.pdf 51 .quimer.‖ The 31 members of the cooperative are harvesting according to the trained sustainable pruning techniques and with the established environmental sustainability standard in collaboration together with ICMBio. 2011. Available at: http://www.br/images/Vegeflora_UEBT_Public_Summary_Report.br www. as well as Personal Protection Equipment to the collectors – boots. At the end of the harvest there is a meeting for evaluating and validating the production report in each of the zones (in Xingu this meeting will occur this year for the first time).com. They are dried on tarps laid out in clearings (sequeiros). on the mining area that Vale operates.com.com. the leaves are placed in raffia sacks and transported to the weighing stations where they are stored in jute sacks until a full load is obtained for transport to the factory. When these reach an ideal level of dryness. final product for commercial use. Vegeflora is supporting a structure (― base‖) inside of Flona with a driver to help the harvesters with food and logistics.br http://www. Selected Exporters of Jaborandi Ingredients  Brazilian Forest  Centroflora Group  Hervaquímica Indústria E Comércio Ltda  NU Fruits  Quimer Ervas e Especiarias  Santosflora  Yerbalatina Phytoactives http://www. currently in the 81 initial development phase. [Arecaceae]). Brazil: IBD CERTIFICAÇÕES.com.br http://www.ibdsocioambiental. During the harvest the company maintains periodic contact with the collectors (in Carajás and Cocais this support is daily and in Xingu once a month). As a sponsorship. is being implemented. refusing branches. The jaborandi wild-harvesting areas are situated in a reservation where the indigenous Kayapós people live. In partnership with Vale. the collectors receive orientation regarding the collection of plants higher than 50 cm and shorter than 2 meters. sustainable trade and community association are concepts that were approached and evaluated together with the harvesters and the company team. [Meliaceae]).nufruits. Botucatu / SP. It is the company‘s policy to only purchase jaborandi leaves collected with pruning shears.

Available at: http://www.gov.9 15 18 Basis FOB export FOB CA FOB origin FOB origin Notes: Quality Standards: Standards for some of the above listed botanicals and extracts may be published in the Farmacopea Argentina.2) Ethanol content 65 ± 5% (v/v) (FB 5. 5ª edição. 10 mL of dried leaf / 1 g tincture In well closed amber glass containers. Volume II: 2010. Color reaction B.8. Farmacopéia Brasileira.17.pdf 52 .2.2. 82 CHARACTERISTICS – Organoleptic Appearance Liquid Color Greenish to yellowish brown Odor Pleasantly aromatic Taste Bitter TESTS Identification A.anvisa. Thin-layer chromatography (FB 5. MICROBIOLOGICAL QUALITY 4 Total aerobic count NMT 10 cfu/gr 3 Yeast and moulds NMT 10 cfu/gr BOTANICAL EXTRACTS (indicative bulk prices) Product Cat's claw bark dry extract (Uncaria tomentosa) Guarana seed (Paulina cupana) Maté leaf powdered extract (Ilex paraguariensis) Pau d‘arco bark dry extract (Tabebuia impetiginosa) * Certified organic Standard 1. 82 Jaborandi tinctura.0-1. M 208. and/or in United States Pharmacopeia and National Formulary (USP-NF).3. Farmacopea Herbolaria de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos (FHEUM).8% (FB 5.26).5% total alkaloids by HPLC 12% caffeine (added caffeine from coffee bean) 4:1 (w/w) 4:1 (w/w) Origin Brazil Brazil Brazil Brazil Price USD/kg 31.75 16.RUTACEAE Jaborandi tinctura FB Dried leaves Maceration or percolation using ethanol 65% (v/v) as extraction solvent 1:10 (w/v).1) Pilocarpine content Minimum 0. In: Farmacopeia Brasileira.4.br/hotsite/cd_farmacopeia/pdf/farmacopeia_volume_2_2803.3. protected from light and heat.06% of total alkaloids expressed as pilocarpine (C 11H16N2O2. 1075.3.BOTANICAL PRODUCT SPECIFICATIONS Jaborandi tincture a product of Brazil PRODUCT Botanical name Pharmacopoeial name Part used Type of extraction Drug-to-extract ratio Storage Jaborandi tintura Pilocarpus microphyllus Stapf .1) Dry residue Minimum 0.

Mario Villas Boas Rodrigues. September 18-20.org/events/fairs/BioFach/BioFach_America_Latina.Pentagonito. a division of United Business Media Contact: Mr.org Exhibitor profile: Suppliers of natural food ingredients. Departamento de Engenharia CCET. Perú Organizer: PROMPERU . Exhibitors of botanical ingredients will include Fortitech. açaí pulp. Dr. and Tradal Brazil. 49100-000 Sao Cristovao-Sergipe.MEETINGS AND TRADE SHOWS SOUTH AMERICAN COUNTRIES September 28-30. October 14. nutraceutical and dietary supplement components and medicinal plants and extracts.biocomercioperu. Narenda Narain. TEL: +55 79 2105 6677 / FAX: +55 79 2105 5579 E-MAIL: 3ismnp@gmail. tea. Messezentrum 1. honey. dried fruits and fruit juice concentrates.ifoam. São Paulo Brasil Organizer: CMP Information.com. 2012 FOOD INGREDIENTS SOUTH AMERICA 2012 Venue: Expo Center Norte. Cicade Universitaria. pollen and propolis. 67 loja 08 – Leblon Rio de Janeiro – RJ – 22431-040 TEL: +55 21 22 39 23 95 / FAX: +55 21 25 40 77 07 or NürnbergMesse GmbH.br WEB: http://fi-southamerica.PERUBIODIVERSO WEB: http://www. Lima. Mafco. Brazil Contact: Planeta Orgânico Urquiza.de WEB: http://www. Alphaville – Barueri – SP 06455-020 Brazil. 2011 BIOFACH AMERICA LATINA 2011 Venue: Transamérica Expo Center. 2011 PERU NATURA 2011 (co-located with Expoalimentaria Perú 2011) Venue: Cuartel General del Ejército . Event Manager. TEL: +55 11 4689 1935 ext.com. some of the exhibitors offer natural botanical ingredients made from medicinal and aromatic plants. essential oils. Av. São Paulo.br or Ms Miriam Hempel biofach-globally@nuernbergmesse.com 53 .br http://www. 387 . TEL: +49 (0) 911 8606 8692 E-MAIL: Carla Alves e Alvaro Werneck expositor@planetaorganico. Univ Federal de Sergipe. October 5-7. Cassiano Facchinetti.biofach-americalatina. 90471 Nürnberg.ingredientsnetwork. among others. cacao powder. 75-14° andar-sla 1401. 2012 III INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM ON MEDICINAL AND NUTRACEUTICAL PLANTS AND III CONFERENCE OF NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF TROPICAL FRUITS Venue: Brazil Contact: Prof.com/home Exhibitor profile: Though mainly a show with suppliers of food ingredients. there are a few suppliers of bulk natural ingredients including organic herbs and spices. Dr.Santo Amaro.html Exhibitor profile: Although BioFach is primarily a trade show with exhibitors of organic finished natural products. 2094 FAX: +55 11 4689 1926 E-MAIL: cfacc@ubmbrazil. Alameda Tocantins. nuts. coffee. Naturex.com.

natural Camu camu dry extract Candelilla wax Capsicum oleoresin Caralluma extract Caraway fruit Carob bean gum Cascara sagrada dry extract Cat‘s claw bark dry extract Cat‘s claw extract USP Chá-de-bugre dry extract Chamomile flower Chaste tree fruit Chaste tree fruit Chaste tree fruit extract Chinese asafetida resin Chinese cinnamon bark Chinese hawthorn fruit PE Chinese lovage rhizome REGION Africa South America India Africa China / Korea India North America North America India India Western Europe Eastern Europe India / Nepal Western Europe Africa India India India North America Japan India Africa North America Eastern Europe Eastern Europe China North America North America Western Europe Canada South America South America India South Africa Eastern Europe North America China South America North America South America India Africa Europe North America South America South America South America Africa Eastern Europe Africa Western Europe China China China China MNS EDITION MNS 24 – September 2007 MNS 25 – December 2007 MNS 37 – December 2010 MNS 40 – September 2011 MNS 29 – December 2008 MNS 29 – December 2008 MNS 5 – December 2002 MNS 24 – September 2007 MNS 16 – September 2005 MNS 3 – June 2002 MNS 1 – September 2001 MNS 25 – December 2007 MNS 14 – March 2005 MNS 6 – March 2003 MNS 30 – March 2009 MNS 24 – September 2007 MNS 28 – September 2008 MNS 5 – December 2002 MNS 28 – September 2008 MNS 4 – September 2002 MNS 11 – June 2004 MNS 25 – September 2007 MNS 23 .June 2007 MNS 16 – September 2005 MNS 21 – December 2006 MNS 21 – December 2006 MNS 36 – September 2010 MNS 4 – September 2002 MNS 17 – December 2005 MNS 20 – September 2006 MNS 30 – March 2009 MNS 34 – March 2010 MNS 9 – December 2003 MNS 33 – December 2009 MNS 23 – June 2007 MNS 18 – March 2006 MNS 27 – June 2008 MNS 39 – June 2011 MNS 40 – September 2011 MNS 37 – December 2010 MNS 21 – December 2006 MNS 35 – June 2010 MNS 37 – December 2010 MNS 34 – March 2010 MNS 26 – March 2008 MNS 36 – September 2010 MNS 21 – December 2006 MNS 31 – June 2009 MNS 9 – December 2003 MNS 16 – September 2005 MNS 16 – September 2005 MNS 24 – September 2007 MNS 19 – June 2006 MNS 1: Sept 2001 / MNS 16: Sept 2005 MNS 36 – September 2010 54 .SPECIFICATIONS AVAILBLE FROM MNS BACK ISSUES HERB OR EXTRACT Acacia gummy exudate Açaí fruit dry extract Ajowan fruit Aloe ferox bitter powder Althaea flower Ambrette seed American ginseng root PE American storax balsam Amla fruit PE Andrographis herb PE Arnica flower SE Aronia fruit juice concentrate Artemisia Essential Oil Artichoke leaf PE Artichoke leaf Asafetida oleo-gum-resin Ashwagandha root Ashwagandha root PE American ginseng root Asian ginseng root PE Bacopa herb PE Baobab fruit PE Benzoin tincture. compound Bilberry fruit Birch leaf Bitter orange fruit PE Black cohosh extract USP Black cohosh rhizome PE Black currant dry extract Bladderwrack thallus Boldo leaf Boldo leaf dry extract Boswellia serrata PE Buchu leaf Calendula tincture California poppy herb Camphor.

Sri Lanka India South America Africa Western Europe Europe North America China North America North America North America North America South America India and other Asia Eastern Europe Europe China Western Europe Africa India North America Western Europe Europe China Europe China China Europe Europe Africa North America Africa Africa Africa India Western Europe Iran North America India North America China North America Western Europe China China Japan North America India Africa Eastern Europe Eastern Europe India China China Africa Western Europe MNS 40 – September 2011 MNS 13 – December 2004 MNS 27 – June 2008 MNS 23 – June 2007 MNS 27 – June 2008 MNS 7 – June 2003 MNS 21 – December 2006 MNS 34 – March 2010 MNS 12 – September 2004 MNS 18 – March 2006 MNS 29 – December 2008 MNS 16 – September 2005 MNS 37 – December 2010 MNS 33 – December 2009 MNS 29 – December 2008 MNS 39 – June 2011 MNS 17 – December 2005 MNS 30 – March 2009 MNS 12 – September 2004 MNS 3 – June 2002 MNS 36 – September 2010 MNS 32 – September 2009 MNS 8 – September 2003 MNS 12 – September 2004 MNS 28 – September 2008 MNS 11 – June 2004 MNS 31 – June 2009 MNS 26 – March 2008 MNS 15 – June 2005 MNS 32 – September 2009 MNS 38 – March 2011 MNS 15 – June 2005 MNS 39 – June 2011 MNS 9 – December 2003 MNS 34 – March 2010 MNS 12 – September 2004 MNS 12 – September 2004 MNS 2 – March 2002 MNS 33 – December 2009 MNS 9 – December 2003 MNS 15 – June 2005 MNS 15 – June 2005 MNS 9 – December 2003 MNS 22 – March 2007 MNS 22 – March 2007 MNS 35 – June 2010 MNS 4 – September 2002 MNS 5 – December 2002 MNS 2 – March 2002 MNS 4 – September 2002 MNS 27 – June 2008 MNS 5 – December 2002 MNS 18 – March 2006 MNS 36 – September 2010 MNS 2 – March 2002 MNS 23 – June 2007 MNS 8 – September 2003 MNS 9 – December 2003 55 . sweet Fenugreek seed Fenugreek seed PE Feverfew leaf PE Fig fruit Flax seed Garcinia fruit extract Garlic bulb granules Garlic bulb PE Garlic bulb PE Garlic oil macerate Ginger rhizome Ginger rhizome PE Ginkgo leaf PE Goldenseal rhizome Gotu kola herb PE Gotu kola herb PE Grape fruit PE Greater celandine herb Greater galangal rhizome Green tea leaf PE Green tea leaf PE Griffonia seed Guarana seed PE China China India.Chrysanthemum flower Cinnamon bark PE Citronella essential Oil Clove bud tincture Cocoa butter Cola nut Cola nut dry extract Coriander fruit Coriander fruit essential oil Corydalis Yanhusuo tuber Cottonseed oil Cranberry fruit dry conc Cranberry juice extract Cranberry liquid preparation Cupuaçu fruit powder Damask rose flower Damask rose essential Oil Dandelion root Danggui root PE Devil‘s claw root PE Devil‘s claw root tuber Dhattura seed Echinacea herb & root PE Echinacea root PE Eleuthero root Eleuthero root PE English lavender flower Ephedra herb Epimedium herb PE Eucalyptus oil European elder flower European vervain Evening primrose oil Fennel fruit Fennel fruit.

pwd Onion oleoresin Opium poppy latex Oregon grape root Parmelia lichen extract Passionflower India India China Africa Africa Africa Africa Europe North America Eastern Europe Eastern Europe South America Western Europe South America North America China. Japan.June 2006 MNS 29 – December 2008 MNS 35 – June 2010 MNS 8 – September 2003 MNS 13 – December 2004 MNS 38 – March 2011 MNS 1: September 2001 / MNS 7: June 2003 MNS 29 – December 2008 MNS 38.Guar gum Guggul resin PE Gynostemma herb PE Henna leaf Hibiscus flower Holarrhena bark / root Hoodia gordonii extract Hop strobile Hop strobile PE Iceland moss Indian frankincense extract Ipecac rhizome Ivy leaf PE Jaborandi tincture Jamaica quassia stem wood Japanese honeysuckle leaf/stem Juniper fruit Essential Oil Juniper tar Khella fruit Kohki leaf Labdanum gum resinoid Lavender flower Lavender flower essential oil Lemon balm leaf PE Lemon peel essential oil Lemon verbena leaf Licorice root PE Licorice root Licorice root PE Linden (Lime) flower Long-stamen onion bulb Lycium fruit freeze-dried pwd Maca hypocotyl PE Maritime pine bark Marshmallow root Maté leaf Maté leaf PE Meadowsweet herb Milk thistle fruit Milk thistle fruit PE Molokhia leaf Myrrh gum resin Myrrh tincture Neem leaf PE Nettle leaf Nettle root Nettle root PE Nigella seed Noni fruit PE Nutmeg kernel Olive leaf PE Onion essential oil Onion juice concentrate.March 2007 MNS 22 – March 2007 MNS 22 – March 2007 MNS 18 – March 2006 MNS 30 – March 2009 MNS 20 – September 2006 MNS 31 – June 2009 56 . Korea Eastern Europe Europe Africa Japan Western Europe Europe Eastern Europe Western Europe North America South America China Other Asian Countries Japan Europe China China Peru Western Europe Europe South America Western Europe Eastern Europe Africa Eastern Europe Africa Asia (Yemen) Africa India Europe Eastern Europe Western Europe India India Indonesia Western Europe Africa Eastern Europe India India North America India / Nepal North America MNS 35 – June 2010 MNS 1: Sept 2001 / MNS 6: March 2003 MNS 10 – March 2004 MNS 13 – December 2004 MNS 17 – Dec 2005 / MNS 39 – June 2011 MNS 14 – March 2005 MNS 21 – December 2006 MNS 35 – June 2010 MNS 10 – March 2004 MNS 20 – September 2006 MNS 24 – September 2007 MNS 38 – March 2011 MNS 13 – December 2004 MNS 40 – September 2011 MNS 32 – September 2009 MNS 38 – March 2011 MNS 10 – March 2004 MNS 27 – June 2008 MNS 26 – March 2008 MNS 3 – June 2002 MNS 24 – September 2007 MNS 40 – September 2011 MNS 12 – September 2004 MNS 7 – June 2003 MNS 35 – June 2010 MNS 33 – December 2009 MNS 3 – June 2002 MNS 30 – March 2009 MNS 1 – September 2001 MNS 39 – June 2011 MNS 22 – March 2007 MNS 37 – December 2010 MNS 17 – December 2005 MNS 19.March 2011 MNS 23 – June 2007 MNS 7 – June 2003 MNS 33: – Dec 2009 / MNS 36: Sept 2010 MNS 15 – June 2005 MNS 4 – September 2002 MNS 26 – March 2008 MNS 25 – December 2007 MNS 39 – June 2011 MNS 11 – June 2004 MNS 22 .

December 2007 MNS 34 – March 2010 MNS 6 – March 2003 MNS 8 – September 2003 MNS 19 – June 2006 MNS 32 – September 2009 MNS 11 – June 2004 MNS 31 – June 2009 MNS 10 – March 2004 MNS 32 – September 2009 MNS 28 – September 2008 MNS 28 – September 2008 MNS 14 – March 2005 MNS 14 – March 2005 MNS 26 – March 2008 MNS 17 . John‘s wort herb St.December 2005 MNS 2 – March 2002 MNS 6 – March 2003 MNS 20 – September 2006 MNS 2 – March 2002 MNS 3 – June 2002 MNS 4 – September 2002 MNS 8 – September 2003 MNS 13 – December 2004 MNS 7 – June 2003 57 .Passionflower PE Peony root Pepper fruit PE Peppermint leaf Essential Oil Pleurisy root Pomegranate fruit PE Pomegranate juice powder Psyllium husk Pygeum bark Pyrethrum flower extract Rauwolfia root Red clover herb PE Red poppy extract Red poppy petals Reishi mushroom PE Rhatany root FE Rhatany tincture Rhodiola root Rhubarb root dry extract Rooibos leaf PE Rosemary leaf Essent Oil Rosemary leaf PE Safed musli root Saffron style and stigma Sage leaf Saigon cinnamon bark Sandalwood heart wood Sargassum thallus Sarsaparilla rhizome Saw palmetto fruit SE Schisandra fruit PE Schisandra fruit. John‘s wort herb PE Stemona root Suma root Sutherlandia herb Sweet wormwood herb EO Sweet wormwood leaf PE Thyme herb Tribulus fruit PE Tribulus fruit PE Tribulus root PE Usnea lichen extract Uva ursi leaf PE Valerian root Valerian root PE White tea leaf PE Wild cherry bark FE Wild yam root PE South America Japan India North America North America Western Europe Africa India Africa Africa India North America Western Europe Africa China North America Western Europe China China Western Europe Africa North America India India Eastern Europe Viet Nam India China North America North America China China China Western Europe India Africa India North America South America Africa China Western Europe China South America Africa Eastern Europe China Europe China India Eastern Europe Western Europe Eastern Europe Eastern Europe Eastern Europe China North America North America MNS 31 – June 2009 MNS 2 – March 2002 MNS 13 – December 2004 MNS 11 – June 2004 MNS 26 – March 2008 MNS 14 – March 2005 MNS 37 – December 2010 MNS 10 – March 2004 MNS 19 – June 2006 MNS 32 – September 2009 MNS 40 – September 2011 MNS 6 – March 2003 MNS 18 – March 2006 MNS 18 – March 2006 MNS 5 – December 2002 MNS 14 – March 2005 MNS 23 – June 2007 MNS 28 – September 2008 MNS 34 – March 2010 MNS 15 – June 2005 MNS 10 – March 2004 MNS 1 . Southern Seabuckthorn fruit PE Seabuckthorn pulp extract Senna leaf dry extract Senna pod Senna pod & leaf PE Slippery elm bark Soursop leaf PE Spearmint leaf St.September 2001 MNS 17 – December 2005 MNS 31 – June 2009 MNS 8 – September 2003 MNS 33 – December 2009 MNS 19 – June 2006 MNS 20 – September 2006 MNS 38 – March 2011 MNS 3 – June 2002 MNS 6 – March 2003 MNS 30 – March 2009 MNS 7 – June 2003 MNS 25.

Willow bark Willow bark PE Witch hazel Wolfberry PE Yarrow herb Essential Oil Eastern Europe Western Europe North America China Eastern Europe MNS 19 – June 2006 MNS 5 – December 2002 MNS 27 – June 2008 MNS 25 – December 2007 MNS 11 – June 2004 58 .

or to update or correct the below-listed details.com/IMG/pdf/EFT_Standard.org   http://www.flo-cert.net/fileadmin/user_upload/content/2009/standards/documents/2010-12-22_EN_Tea_HL_2.ecosocialnet.coop/domestic-fair-trade  Equal Exchange Principles for Domestic Fair Trade: http://www.ecocert.org/publication-downloads/fairwild-standard-ver-20/FairWild-Standard-V2.net/standards/st_labelling_e. standards setting organizations and certification or verification organizations.br  IBD EcoSocial Program: http://www. It is possible that we are not yet aware of all of the existing sustainability certification or verification systems presently undergoing implementation at medicinal and aromatic plant production sites around the world.ecocert.pdf Other EcoCert Fair Trade documents can be downloaded at: http://appli.coop/dftfilesv2/dftprinciplesflyer.2010): FairTrade Standards for Tea for Hired Labour (Version 22.ch/index.php?seite=imo_index_en  IMO Social & FairTrade Certification Programme: http://www.fairtrade.html Equal Exchange: http://www. Tasha Goldberg at: tashagoldberg@yahoo.net/standards/st_processing_e.ibd.pdf International Demeter Standards Processing: http://demeter.pdf http://www.org/publication-downloads/fairwild-standard-ver-20/FairWild-Standard-Indicators-V2.pdf FSC International Standard: FSC Principles and Criteria for Forest Stewardship: Institute for Market Ecology: http://www.fsc.12.2010):   http://www.2011): FairTrade Standards for Tea for Small Producers‘ Organizations (Version 22.net/logicio/client/fairforlife/file/IMO_SFT_Programme_Version3_Feb08.fairwild.com 59 .LINKS TO SUSTAINABILITY STANDARDS AND GUIDANCE DOCUMENTS RELEVANT TO THE GLOBAL TRADE OF MEDICINAL AND AROMATIC PLANTS AND EXTRACTS This section contains links to further information on the various sustainability standards being implemented at medicinal plant harvest sites.pdf EcoCert: http://www.pdf Instituto Biodinâmico for Rural Development: http://www.ecocert.net    International Demeter Standards Production: http://demeter.org  http://www.net/fileadmin/user_upload/content/2009/standards/documents/2011-0506_EN_HerbsHerbalteasSpices_SPO.com   The EcoCert Fair Trade Standard is available at: http://appli.pdf Standards for the labeling of Demeter products: http://demeter.fsc.pdf FairWild Foundation: http://www.com.pdf Forest Stewardship Council: http://www.org/fileadmin/webdata/public/document_center/international_FSC_policies/standards/FSC_STD_01_001_V4_0_EN_FSC_Principles_and_ Criteria.net/standards/st_production_e. please contact ITC Consultant.05.net  FairTrade Standards for Herbs and Spices for Small Producers‘ Organizations (Version 01.com Demeter: http://www.fairwild.12.equalexchange.fairforlife.fairtrade. To add your contact details.pdf http://www.imo.fairtrade.pdf FairWild Standard (Version 2.fairwild.equalexchange.com/-EFT-.0 Performance Indicators): FloCert: http://www.0): FairWild Standard (Version 2.demeter.net/fileadmin/user_upload/content/2009/standards/documents/2010-12-22_EN_Tea_SPO_2.pdf http://www.

phytotradeafrica.net/flo-cert/main.org/Whatwedo/Organicstandards/Standards/tabid/353/Default.com/application. species and certificate holders: http://info.sun-cert.pdf http://www.cofta.utzcertified.rainforest-alliance.utzcertified.org/agriculture/documents/sust_ag_standard.pdf BioTrade Verification Framework for Native Natural Ingredients: UNCTAD BioTrade Initiative BioTrade Principles and Criteria: http://www.ethicalbiotrade.br/downloads/dirleg/Diretrizes/8_1_3_IBD_Diretriz_IBD_Ecosocial_English_8thEdition_2009.N.fsc.soilassociation.com  S.org/index.php?pageID=111&showdoc=111_0_79 UTZ Certified Chain of Custody for Tea: UTZ Code of Conduct for Tea Farms / UTZ Code of Conduct for Tea Factories: For complete lists of certified or verified operations and/or members of fair trade organizations.pdf http://www.soilassociation.org/en/en/members_listing.pdf Soil Association: http://www.sun-cert.org/dl/STD01_BioTrade_Verification_Framework_for_Native_Nat_Ingredients_2007-09-20_EN.php?id=10 Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) Certificate Database of certified products.uebt.asp FloCert Fair Trade Certified (FTC) organizations: http://www.php?pageID=111&showdoc=111_0_82 http://www. see: Cooperation for Fair Trade in Africa (COFTA) members list: http://www.ethicalbiotrade.com.biotrade.org/dl/PRO03_D_Guidance_to_the_Application_of_the_Verification_Framework_2009-10-30.org/ResourcesPublications/UNCTAD_BT_PC_en.utzcertified.ibd.com.U.aspx Union for Ethical BioTrade: http://www.com/members/ourmembers.pdf UTZ Certified: http://www.br/ClientCert_DefaultEng.ch  Guidance for the application of the BioTrade Verification Framework:    Guidelines for the Development and Implementation of Management Plans for Wild-collected Plant Species used by Organizations Working with Natural Ingredients: http://www.org  Sustainable Agriculture Standard: http://www.cfm 60 http://www.org/index. http://www.asp Rainforest Alliance Certified farms list: http://sustainablefarmcert.net/logicio/pmws/indexDOM.fairforlife.org IBD EcoSocial Certified/Approved Clients: http://www.org   http://www.php?client_id=fairforlife&page_id=operators&lang_iso639=en .ibd.aspx Rainforest Alliance: http://www.org/ResourcesPublications/unctad_ditc_ted_2007_8_Eng. Certificate: http://www.com/certified_farms.biotrade.org/  Soil Association Ethical Trade Standards: http://www.pdf IBD EcoSocial Certification Program for Fair Relationships in Trading Socially and Environmentally Certified Products: NatureLife International Foundation for Environment.aspx IMO Social & Fairtrade Certification Programme Certified Operators: PhytoTrade Africa members list: http://www.flo-cert.rainforestalliance. Education and Sustainability: http://www.

org/participants/search UTZ Certified Tea Producers list: http://www.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=6&Itemid=37 61 .wfto.ch/about/members.html United Nations Global Compact participants list: http://www.org/index.Union for Ethical BioTrade (UEBT) members list: http://www.com/index.php?pageID=227 World Fair Trade Organization (WFTO) members list: http://www.uebt.utzcertified.unglobalcompact.

et or epospe.O.epices-comores.org ETHIOPIA Ethiopian Pulses. 9 Rostom St. TEL: 00202/2792 417 E-MAIL: esheda@link.net Medicinal Plants Association (MPA) in St. To add your association contact details.et WEB: http://www.upehc. Karura P. TEL-FAX: +20 69 3470648 WEB: http://www.org/esmap/ Egyptian Spices and Herbs Export Development Association (ESHEDA). Tasha Goldberg at: tashagoldberg@yahoo. Box 639 – Baga 19381.km / WEB: http://www. BP 2510 MORONI. E-MAIL: maison. TEL: +20 (2) 3337-2402. 3760-0986 / FAX: +20 (2) 3336-4833 & 3336-4899.. Farouk Elshobaki. 1st floor.. Dan Acquaye. E-MAIL: mail@upehc.com AFRICA COMORES GIE – la Maison des Epices des Comores.org Botanical Products Association of Ghana (BOTPAG) WEB: http://www. 7 floor.M. Saint Katherine City.A.11519 Cairo. Oil Seeds and Spices Processors Exporters‘ Association (EPOSPEA). South Sinai. Secretariat c/o KEFRI. P. Tel: 00962 6 4725071 / FAX: 00962 6 4726099 E-MAIL: map-aarenina@ncartt. please contact ITC Consultant.com WEB: http://www. Rebecca bldg. Cellule d‘Appui Conseil – Siège Moroni.S. E-MAIL: asnappwest@yahoo.O. Katherine: El-Shamiaa. TEL: +233 302 505617/ FAX: +233 302 505617. Manufacturers and Exporters of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants (ESMAP).esmap. councils. E-MAIL drfarouk@elshobaki.net/epospea/ GHANA Agribusiness in Sustainable Natural African Plant Products (ASNAPP). wild collectors. TEL: +202 38 69 898 / FAX: +202 38 41 120 / Mobile: 012 / 3101839. TEL: ++254 20 2020623 / FAX: +254 20 3750497. Kenya. Bâtiment ex CEFADER – Route de M‘dé. P. Haile th Gebre-Seassie Avenue.org WEB: http://www.aarinena. Union des Comores. Chairman. Elharam. Safwat.com WEB: http://www. 1 Elhefnawy St. TEL/FAX: +269 73 66 88. Elgiza. and export promotion organizations that represent the growers.B. Nairobi.com EGYPT Egyptian Society for the Producers. East Legon. 10 floor Organizations and Companies Building. collectives. Farouk Elshobaki. Box 64636 – 00620 Mobil Plaza.eahead.epices@comorestelecom. Accra.org/index. Accra H/NO C 205/29.asnapp. Amman Jordan. Garden City. Nadi El-Seid Street. (18) Kanda. extracts and oils.asnapp. PO BOX 8686 Ethiopia TEL: +251-11 6623556 / FAX: +251 11 6623504 E-MAIL: agroprom@ethionet. or to update or correct the below-listed details. Egypt.gov. and traders of botanical raw materials. E-MAIL: info@ngara. and other herbal products. Mr. Dr. Fatma Roshdi St. Egypt. Dr.jo WEB: http://www.org/MHPWeb/ Union of Producers and Exporters of Horticultural Crops (UPEHC).com/ Regional Medicinal & Herbal Plants Network (MHPN) of the Association of Agricultural Research Institutions in the Near East and North Africa (AARINENA).MNS GLOBAL HERB TRADE ASSOCIATION DIRECTORY MNS provides a global directory of herb trade associations.org 62 th . Giza.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=89:botanical-productsassociation-of-ghana-botpag&catid=52:ghana-partners&Itemid=100 KENYA Network for Natural Gums and Resins in Africa (NGARA).mpcpegypt. EG . Dr. producers. M. 22 MAzoria. Mempeasem.association@ethionet. Dokky.

Ile de la Réunion.com.or. c/o Executive Services Ltd. 97 490 STE CLOTILDE. Mohamed Marzouk. Windhoek. E-MAIL: mirosaj@iafrica.55. Republic of Mauritius. E-MAIL: criaawhk@iafrica. Morocco. Mr. TEL: +2721-7913953 / FAX: +27-21-7914398.org or Denzil Phillips. CDE Associate Expert Herbals and Pharmaceuticals. Naivasha Road – Off Ngong Road. TEL: 061.fr or m.zrira@gmail. avenue Maxime Rivière – Parc Technor.criaasadc.ma or elrhaffari@yahoo. or saadia. Aboulkassim El Hassan or Zrira Saadia. 63 .aamps. 2 Les Jamalacs Building. E-MAIL: fidanature@menara. TEL: (230) 454 1041 / FAX: (230) 465 6928.com robby@zizamele-natural-health.Rabat Instituts.ngara. Institut Agronomique et Vétérinaire Hassan II.Robby Gassof Zizamele Herbs. Namibia. E-MAIL: denzil@denzil.ac. Box 20064 City Square 00200 Nairobi. TEL: (00) 262 262 93 88 18/ FAX: (00) 262 262 93 88 01 E-MAIL: contact@aplamedom. Mlle.or. Mrs.O. P.ac.na NIGERIA Herb Sellers Association of Nigeria. CELL: (+212)63 48 45 40.hassan@gmail. Vieux Conseil Street.voila.org The Tea Board of Kenya. TEL: +061–220117 / FAX: +061–232293. Chairman Jörn Miller E-MAIL: jdsmiller@iway.fr/somapam NAMIBIA Devil‘s Claw Working Group. EL BOUAANANI Malika. Quincy Ayodele REUNION Association pour les Plantes Aromatiques et Medicinales de la Réunion (APLAMEDOM). Namibia.teaboard. Commune rurale beni yider. BP 6202 . CELL: (+212)67637176. E-MAIL: secretary@aamps.WEB: http://www.44.zrira@iav. TEL: (+212) 537 68 66 12 E-MAIL: s. P. BP 6202 Rabat Instituts TEL/FAX: 212 37 77 23 01 E-MAIL: somapam@yahoo.htm Hoodia Growers Association of Namibia (HOGRAN).ma. EL Rhaffari Lloussaine.na WEB: http://www.aplamedom. O.org/devilsclaw. Rabat. Ben Kerrich. Onrus River 7201. Kenya.92 Association Marocaine des Plantes Aromatiques et Médicinales (AMAPAM).com Société Marocaine des Plantes Aromatiques et Médicinales (SOMAPAM): President Pr. TEL: +254 20 3874446 / 2536886 / 2536869 / FAX: +254 20 3862120 / 3876337. Ismaili Alaoui My Mustapha and Secretary Pr.ke / WEB: http://www. Chairperson: Magdalena Ya Kasita. Chairman .org MOROCCO Assila Medicinal and Aromatic Plant — AL AMAL Association.com Southern African Hoodia Growers Association (SAHGA). 2. Council members – Volker Miros & Adolf Joubert.com. Port Louis.ke MAURITIUS nd Association for African Medicinal Plants Standards (AAMPS). Box 85. CELL: 072 69 84 26 Association féminine des herbes médicinales et aromatiques de Beni yider.com WEB: http://www.com WEB: http://www. Drissi Hassan. Tétouan. PO Box 23778. P.com SOUTH AFRICA Cape Ethnobotanical Growers Association. Morocco.O. IAV Hassan II. Mr.com.com or aboulkassim.fr WEB: http://site.ma Association Marocaine pour le Développement des Plantes Aromatiques et Médicinales (ADEPAM). Windhoek. Box 15134 Vlaeberg 8018 Cape Town.ismaili@aiv. E-MAIL: info@teaboard.

Box 55356.ucavfa.com. 87784447 / FAX: 86 10 87784484. Sangaria Fanta. EP Flat.jp INDIA All India Aromatic Plants Growers Association (AIAPGA).sanprota. E-MAIL: service@cccmhpie. President Thakur Randhir Singh.mcmia. adolf@afrinatural.928 UGANDA Uganda Commercial Aloe Vera Farmers‘ Association. ACME Laboratories Ltd. Togo.sarooibos. E-MAIL: mcmia@mcmia. Panjiayuan nanli. Box 5301. Uganda.oil.com WEB: http://www.O.ed@acmeglobal. Belvedere.2748488 / FAX: 0091. Box 6179 Kampala. Chaoyang District. Hong Kong G. Hasibur Rahman.co.5120509. TEL: +27 (0)21 552 8845 / FAX: +27 (0)21 552 8845 WEB: http://www.291. Dhaka.com ASIA BANGLADESH Bangladesh Herbal Products Manufactories Association (BHPMA).291.mhpie. Zimbabwe. Jodhpur – 342 005 Rajasthan. Mr. TEL: (00 228) 904 10 45 / 997 21 75 / 320 28 10 / FAX: (00 228) 221 57 06 E-MAIL: vita. TEL: +256 772 696702 / FAX: +256 41 257343. PO Box BE 385. ZI Baguida. Cape Town. TEL: 86 10 67732799. South Africa 7441.za/ TOGO Organisme de Promotion des Plantes Aromatiques et Médicinales du Togo (OPPAM TOGO). Dhaka-1207 Bangladesh. South African Rooibos Council.com WEB: http://www. Harare.cn WEB: http://www. http://www.or. Mirpur Road. Bangladesh.TEL: +27 (0) 28 284 9244 / FAX: 086 545 3975 E-MAIL: robby@zizamele. Sonamukhi Nagar. Jammu Tawi-180001. or Volker@miros.com 64 . Salawas Road. Building Luxolin – BP 107 14 PK Road Anecho. E-MAIL: amptrust@yahoo.cfsites.org JAPAN Japan Oilseed Processors‘ Association (JOPA). E-MAIL: ssesangaali@yahoo. P.icrts. Hammam Sousse.com Business Promotion Council for Herbal Sector of the Bangladesh Export Promotion Bureau. Baguida. E-MAIL: hrahman. TEL: 2492-2713 / FAX: 2906-9330. TEL: 0091. Vitalis Yao Sodatonou.za.org WEB: http://www.com TUNISIA Association Tunisienne des Plantes Médicinales.O. TEL: +263 4 740 730/806/ FAX: +263-4-740 476 E-MAIL: info@phytotradeafrica.sodatonou@oppamtogo. 298.org. Ali Ssesanga. 1215.P.org ZIMBABWE Phyto Trade Africa – The Southern African Natural Products Trade Association (SANPTA). Jammu & Kashmir Asian Medicinal Plants & Health Care Trust (AMPHCT). Plot 34 Rashid Khamis Road. India. 8/F.com.org.783. P. No. Wazarat Road. Beijing China 100021. TEL: 880-2-9144821-3 / FAX: 880-2-9119531 CHINA China Chamber of Commerce of Medicines & Health Products Importers & Exporters (CCCMHPIE). Sunset Beach. 1/4 Kallayanpur. FAX: 71.O.. Secretary General Mr.com International Centre of Research and Training on Seabuckthorn (ICRTS) WEB: http://www. Modernized Chinese Medicine International Association. TEL: 880 2 900 41 94 – 96 / FAX: +880 2 901 68 72. 12.co.

New Delhi – 110 001.Lane.A. New Delhi 110 048. Vimala Devi. 2-B Floor.com WEB: http://www.471. Jain.com WEB: http://www. E-MAIL: eoai@bol. M.net.5187185 / FAX: +91. MOB: +91-94250-59407.in Federation of Indian Herbal Industry (FIHI).chamf. Ministry of Health & Family Welfare. TEL: 022 220 90284 / 220 76075 / FAX: 022 2205875 E-MAIL: fafai@mtnl.989. E-MAIL: fihi@fihionline. Kripa Bhavan. S.com Medicinal. TEL: +91 8552 227030 Herbs & Herbal Export Promotion Association of India (HEPAI).hadsa. Kerala. S. Nariman Point. DCM Building 16.I. TEL: 91 484 227582 / 91 484 224263. Pashan Flats. pro@hadsa. Pune 411 021. Rohit Villa.C.5538863.com / bkurup@fihionline.11. Aromatic and Dye Plants Stakeholders‘ Consortium (MAPSCON).net. Guntakal. Trivandrum Dist.) – 492001. 120/9. 695003.4/1082. Raipur (C.7167. New Delhi. 515 801.com Lauhal & Spiti Seabuckthorn Society. 3090491 FAX: 91-0413-346950. 110002. 207.in 65 .G.org Health Foods and Dietary Supplements Association (HADSA).fihionline. +91-9302121830. Kawadiar. Pashan Soos Road. TEL: +91. Ring Road No.org Central Organisation for Oil Industry and Trade (COOIT). E-MAIL: contact@hepai. Prof.471.O.4165. Dr. Opposite ‗ Block Market. E-MAIL: ipsta@vsnl. Hanumesh Nagar. VI/150 Jew Town. Siddha & Homoeopathy). 1. Kohi 682 002.7166 / FAX: +91.fafai. Yoga & Naturopathy. TEL: 91-731-3018833-34-35 / FAX: 91-7312435003. TEL: +91. 225173 / FAX: 91 484 227434.net.2316314 E-MAIL: abr_bincy@hotmail.301.hepai. Rajaram Tripathy. 3-12. TEL: +910 11-325-0322. Flat No.471. President 4-M. mdhorganic@gmail. National Secretariat MAPSCON.452001 . A-7. TEL: 020-25882263 Malabar Herbs & Musli Growers Society (Regd). Government of India.in.in WEB: http://www.in / WEB: http://www.org India Pepper and Spice Trade Association.(MP) INDIA.com/aboutus.htm Fragrances & Flavours Association of India. C. M/S Auro Pharma. Andhra Pradesh. Executive Secretary. Captaine Marius Xavier Street. M‘ India. 35.com Herbal Farmers Association.eoai. Mumbai – 400 021. TEL: +91 11 371 2058 / FAX: +91 11 3 Essential Oil Association of India. Janpath. India. Unani. TEL: 011-23319360 / FAX: 011 23319356. Barakhamba Road. Department of AYUSH (Ayurveda.Central Herbal Agro Marketing Federation (CHAMF).Patil. Dipali Mahadik TEL: 91 022 2287 25 57/58/59 / FAX: 91 022 2287 25 60. P. IInd Floor. +91. 39-A. E-MAIL: info@mapscon. Pondicherry – 605001. C-193. 4832/24 Ansari Road.org WEB: http://www. Ms. Shri Mansukhbai Patel. TEL: +91 771-4001197 E-MAIL: chamfmail@gmail. Sir Vithaldas Thackersey Marg. / FAX: +910 11-325-0443.com / WEB: http://www.2437185 / MOBILE: +91.11. Silver Arch plaza 20/1 New Palasia. India. Pachpedi Chowk.com National Medicinal Plants Board (NMPB). New Delhi – 110001. T. Greater Kailash .4165. Darya Ganj.com. 36. E-MAIL: hadsa@vsnl. India. India Maharashtra Rajya Sugandhi Aushadhi Vanaspati Utpadak Prakriya Sangh. Navinchandra Ranchhoddas Shah Hall. Treasurer. President. TEL: 91-0413-2346950. Abraham Kurian. 1011 Dalamal House. 20/1483. Mumbai – 400 020.G. Himachal Pradesh. Guntakal. Lauhal & Spiti District. Chandralok Building. R.P. Indore . Behind Lenyadri Society.ipsta. Mr. Dr. Thomas (Secretary). ceo-nmpb@nic. EMAIL: info-nmpb@nic.com WEB: http://www.

India. Kolkata . Asosiasi Eksportir Lada (AELI) (The Indonesian Pepper Exporter Association).vsnl. 5 Floor.sfeaindia. Jakarta Pusat. Government of India. Sugandha Bhavan.H. President.net WEB: http://www. TEL: 021 4209808 / FAX: 021 4244173.700 016.com WEB: http://www.shellacepc.40 23735464 E-MAIL: info@pharmexcil. Aditya Trade Centre.org Shellac and Forest Products Export Promotion Council (SHEFEXIL) International Trade Facilitation Centre. P.htm Pharmaceuticals Export Promotion Council (Pharmexcil) H. N. D/a Persh.indianspices. 2nd Floor.O. TEL: 91 40 23735462 / 5466 / FAX: 91. Majapahit B 1A ¾ No.sampda.net.. Navi Mumbai 400705.S. Daerah Prop. TEL: 021 6926401. TEL: 91 33 2283 4417/ FAX: 91 33 2283 4699 E-MAIL: sepc@vsnl.com Spice & Food Stuff Exporters Association of India (SFEAI).Vashi. Hayam Wuruk 103-104 Jakarta Barat 11160.nic.pharmexcil. Indonesia. Jl.com Samagra Adivasi Medicinal Plants Development Association (SAMPDA) 39 A Rohit Villa.com WEB: http://www. Asosiasi Eksportir Pala Indonesia (AEPA) (The Indonesia Nutmeg Exporters Association). Asosiasi Perdagangan Minyak Atsiri Indonesia (The Indonesian Essential Oil Trade Association). India TEL/FAX: 0771 4001197 E-MAIL: sampdango@gmail. Indonesia. TEL: 021 3919554 / 021 3919556 / FAX: 201 3919556.in/index. TEL: 91 22 278 316 75 / FAX: 91 22 278 317 11 E-MAIL: sfea@mtnl. Palarivattom PO Cochin – 682 025. Ameerpret. Jl. TEL: 0361 463332 / FAX: 0361 462245. India.net Spices Board of India (SBI). 5Jl. 18. Bali. W. 66 . Raipur. Asosiasi Eksportir Paniliindonesia (AEPI) (The Indonesia Vanilla Exporters Association). M. 021 39001566 / FAX: 021 6926401. Ring Road No. Hyderabad – 500038. Tamil Nadu. C.WEB: http://nmpb.in or kkcdipak@bom3.1. Wisma Nusantara Lt 23.com Tuticorin Senna Exporters Association (TSEA). TEL: 021 336426 / FAX: 021 3916944.H. Asosiasi Kakao Indonesia (ASKINDO) (The Indonesian Cocoa Association). Wisma Nugraha Lt. Supratman Denpasar. Kertaniaga Building Lt 2. Asosiasi Eksportir Cassia Vera Indonesia (AECI). TEL: 91-484-2333610-616 / FAX: 91 484 2334429.: 101. Ministry of Commerce & Industry. Jl. Jln M. Thamrin 59. 021 6292508 / FAX: 021 6297432. Padang. Indonesia. India. Thamrin 21.6 Jakarta Pusat 10430. Jl.S.net. Bypass. Jakarta Pusat 10350. c/o PT Djasula Wangi Jl. Asosiasi Pala Indonesia (API) (The Indonesian Nutmeg Association). Jakarta 11230. Ramachandran. G. TEL: 021 6297539.in WEB: http://www.H. Garuda 99 Kemayoran Jakarta Pusat 10610.R.com WEB: http://www. Jl. Tuticorin. 2331429 E-MAIL: spicesboard@vsnl. TEL: 0751 33261. Raden Saleh VI No. Opp: Dana Bunder Sector 19. Roa Malaka Selatan 35. 1/1 Wood Street. 530/531 Commodity Exchange th Building. INDONESIA Agribusiness Club (ABC).

Sri Lanka. Singapore 159919.org/nnn. P. Dy. E-MAIL: davetang@pacific. Bhishma P. E-MAIL: meheproassn@yahoo. Strata 300 Bldg. TEL: (977-1) 55255313 ext.JORDAN Association of Agricultural Research in the Near East & North Africa (AARINENA).lk WEB: http://www.com VIET NAM Association of Essential Oils. A-1210 Wien. San Juan 1500 Philippines. Box 950764 Amman 11195 Jordan. C/O ICARDA West Asia Regional Program (WARP).hamdan@cgiar. Ta Phin village. Sapa. Viet Nam EUROPE ALBANIA Albanian Spice and Herbal Trade Association (ASHTA).ansab. Nepal. 346A King George‘s Avenue. Subedi.aarinena.europam. 50.org WEB: http://www.O. Kathmandu. 584 6241.ph SINGAPORE Singapore Chinese Medicines and Health Products Merchant Association. 725 6470 / FAX: (63 2) 584 6241. Veterinaerplatz 1.sg SRI LANKA The Spices & Allied Products Producers‘ and Traders‘ Association.org.net WEB: http://www.sappta.vnn. Guevarra Street. TEL: 0043 1 250 77 3104 / FAX: 0043 1 250 77 3190 E-MAIL: Johannes. TEL: (977-01)-4497547/4478412 / FAX: (977-01)-4476586 E-MAIL: ansab@ansab. #02-07 Delta House. Austria. Nawam Mawatha Colombo 02. Kathmandu. Director General – Programs and Team Leader.org WEB: http://www. Hanoi. Singapore 208577. Mr. 725 6470 E-MAIL: sec@chipi. Nepal.org NEPAL Herbs & NTFP Coordination Committee of the Asia Network for Sustainable Agriculture and Bioresources (ANSAB). TEL: (65) 6293 8019 / FAX: (65) 6293 5803.sg Singapore Chinese Drug Importers & Exporters Guild. Prof. Nguyen Thuong Dong.net 67 . E-MAIL: i. Box 11035. P.net.Tap the Quan Doi Mai Dich. 32/C1 . P.php Medicinal and Aromatic Plants Program in Asia (MAPPA). TEL: (63 2) 703 0799. Box 3226. O.ph WEB: http://www.org WEB: http://www. Dr. c/o Ceylon Chamber of Commerce. Perfumes and Cosmetics Viet Nam.tcm. No.org. Cau Giay. TEL: +962 6 5525750 / FAX: +962 6 5525930. TEL: 94 11 2421745-6 / 2380157-8 / FAX: 94 11 2449352 / 2437477 E-MAIL: sappta@chamber. Ta Phin town. Contact details not available AUSTRIA European Herb Growers Association (EUROPAM). Mezzanine Flr. 2 Alexandra Road.sg WEB: http://www. TEL: +84 4 7 648 426 E-MAIL: htqt-imm@hn.vn Sa Pa Indigenous Medicinal Plants Association (SIMPA). P. TEL: (65) 6278 2270 / FAX: (65) 6275 4900.org PHILIPPINES Chamber of Herbal Industries of the Philippines (CHIP). O. AARINENA Secretariat.org.mappa-asia.Novak@europam.com. 102 / FAX: (977-1) 5524509 E-MAIL: mkarki@icoimod.chipi..

France.com Bulgarian National Association Essential Oils.Cara‖ Sklad 105. Les Quintrands Route de Voix.net. (Association of the Producers and Processors of Medicinals and Aromatic Plant and Spices).marinalg. Ing. E-MAIL: fthevenet@cniworld.fi FRANCE Association of Delegates of the Professional Organizations of Producers and Collectors of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants of the EEC. 1000 Sofia.com WEB: http://www. office N3099 TEL: +420 545 133131 / FAX: +420 545 133302 E-MAIL: blanka@mendelu.202. Department of Branch Associations. TEL: +387. Branislava Đurđeva 10. TEL: +33 232 831 818 / FAX: +33 232 831 919. BIH-71000 Sarajevo.cepparm. 93 Maritza Blvd. 89600 SUOMUSSALMI.cz WEB: http://www. Marinalg International.Österreichischen Verbandes für Heil.292. AGV Chairwoman Ms. Chemin de Croisser BP 4151 76723 Rouen Cedex. Borsa ― Bulgarplod Slatinea .300. TEL: (+359 2) 986 29 90 / TEL/FAX: (+359 2) 986 28 16 Bulgarian Exchange for Spices. Pokoj bb.33. +359 32 96 78 34 E-MAIL: office@bnaeopc. 27 Dondukov Blvd. Agnes Schierhuber E-MAIL: agnes. TEL: +33 (0)4 92 72 47 62 / FAX: +33 (0)4 92 72 72 09 E-MAIL: contact@cepparm. TEL/FAX: +359 2 9744986 E-MAIL: office@bg-spices. Bihać. Kauppakatu 20. Cvetan Lazarov Bul. Plant Breeding and Plant Medicine.europa. 04100 Manosque.schierhuber@europarl.fi WEB: http://www.bg-spices. President.214..com or john@jrlupien.net. F-91490 Milly-la-Foret Association Internationale pour le Développement des Gommes Naturelles (AIDGUM).net Comité des Plantes à Parfum. 129. Plovdiv 4003 / TEL/FAX: +359 32 96 78 35. TEL: +358 861 555 590.org WEB: http://www. Finland.bnaeopc. Foreign Trade Chamber of Bosnia and Herzegovina.s.eu BELGIUM World Association of Seaweed Processors.. TEL: +32 (0) 2 538 3825 / FAX: +32 (0) 2 538 2826 E-MAIL: marinalg@marinalg. CSc.33. 6 bd Marechal-Joffre. Perfumery & Cosmetics (BNAEOPC). Department of Crop Science.org BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA Association of Medicinal Plants and Wild Forest Products of Bosnia and Herzegovina. JIVKO DRAGANOV. 4-8 Prof. Mendel University of Agriculture and Forestry in Brno.ba MAP Association of ― ZLATNICA‖.ba BULGARIA Bulgarian Association of Herb and Mushroom Gatherers. Blanka Kocourková.com WEB: http://www.com CZECH REPUBLIC PELERO CZ o.968 / FAX: +387. Avenue Brugmann 12A – Box 1060.arctic-flavours. Mr.com WEB: http://www. E-MAIL: faveda@bih.887 E-MAIL: alma012@bih.37. Brussels. Aromatiques et Médicinales (CPPARM).com 68 .pelero. 77101 Bihać / TEL/FAX: +387. +358 861 555 591 / FAX: +358 861 555 592 E-MAIL: info@arctic-flavours..cz/ FINLAND Arctic Flavours Association (AFA).cz or info@pelero. 1592 Sofia.und Gewürzpflanzen (AGV) (Austrian Association for Medicinal and Herbal Horticulture).

E-MAIL: info@gewuerzindustrie. EFEO Secretariat. FAX: 04. FAX: +49 40 236016 10 E-MAIL: info@ehia-online. TEL: 04.onippam.sanddorn. 23 Rue du Peintre Lebrun. Germany.Comité Interprofessionnel des Huiles Essentielles Françaises (CIHEF).org European Herbal Infusions Association (EHIA). Germany.esa-spices.gewuerzindustrie.kraeuteranbau. Dr. An der Mühle 1. Renate Seitz Emmeringerstrasse 11.de WEB: http://www. Bad Hersfeld Erzeugerring für Heil.bayern. 20097 Hamburg.net WEB: http://www. Sonninstrasse 28. TEL: +49 228 216 162 / FAX: +49 228 229 460 E-MAIL: esa@verbaendebuero.und Aromapflanzen (DFA).& Gewürzpflanzen in Bayern e. Dr. D-65468 Trebur Germany. TEL: +49 089 290 06316 / FAX: +49 089 290 06320 E-MAIL: hans. Tel/Fax: +49 8141 613749 E-MAIL: info@icmap. V.de WEB: http://www. Tal 35. TEL: 04 9279 3446 / FAX: 04 9279 3322 E-MAIL: onippam@onippam.V. Herr Hans Möser..de Gesellschaft zur Förderung von Sanddorn und Wildobst.92. Sonninstr. Germany. TEL: +49 (0)40 23 60 16 13/15 / FAX: +49 (0) 40 23 60 16 10 E-MAIL: aipg@wga-hh.04130 VOLX. 15345 Altlandsberg.org 69 .Traverse des Métiers 04100 Manosque.org European Spice Association (ESA).net Hessian Association for Medicinal and Spice/Culinary Plants. 20097 Hamburg.09.de International Council for Medicinal and Aromatic Plants (ICMAP). 53113 Bonn. Gotenstraße 21 D-20097 Hamburg City Süd. agrimed Hessen wV.org Deutscher Fachausschuss für Arznei-. 80331 München. Bomme.fr GERMANY The Association For the International Promotion of Gums (AIPG). Reuterstraße 151. TEL: +49 33438 14724. Producers and Importers of Medicinal Plants. F-78000 Versailles Office National Interprofessionnel de Plantes a Parfum Aromatiques et Medicinales (ONIPPAM). Reuterstrasse 151. (German Society for Seabuckthorn and Wild Fruits). Infostelle. Germany. BP 8 . (HARZVEREIN).de WEB: http://www.09 E-MAIL: Michel-krausz@wanadoo. (Association of the German Spice Industry). Secretariat at WGA Hamburg e. 28.de European Federation of Essential Oils (EFEO).hessen@t-online.treegums.72. Prof. Gewürz.fr WEB: http://www.V.ehia-online.de WEB: http://www. TEL: +49 40 23 60 1615 / FAX: +49 40 23 60 1610 E-MAIL: efeo@wga-hh. Sanddorn e.org WEB: http://www. 53113 Bonn.V.org/ Fachverband der Gewürzindustrie e. TEL: (02 28) 21 61 62 / FAX: (02 28) 22 94 60. ZI St Joseph .92.38.efeo-org. Germany.87. D-82275 Emmering.moeser@lkp. Oderstr: 38. U. TEL: +49 40 236016 21. TEL: 06147-93225 / FAX: 06147-57091 E-MAIL: agrimed.72. FAX: 49 33438 14720 E-MAIL: sanddorn@sanddorn.fr European Confederation of Distributors.de WEB: http://www.

Moroianu 176 Sacele. contact@ropam. Joerg Gruenwald.pkz.pvisser. Sonninstrasse 28.V.und Gewürzpflanzen. TEL: 075 59447264 / FAX: 340 4577968 E-MAIL: fprimavera. Akos Mathe.andrea@infinito. transformers.it WEB: http://www. Piante officinali – Agricoltura biologica.htm Italian association of farmers. 13467 Berlin. Italy. 4. Corso Venezia.htm Italian branch organisation of herbal traders (FEI).ro . 2..org/main/fippo. Belli. wholesalers and agents of medicinal and aromatic plants and spices (Assoerbe).org/associazione. Presidente Dott. TEL: +49-40-23 601 619 / FAX: +49-40-23 60 16 10/11/40 E-MAIL: info@wkf. c/o Phytopharm Consulting.gorska-paukszta@iwnirz. F.it WEB: http://www.V.org/ International Kava Executive Council (IKEC).org Verein für Arznei..D.de WEB: http://www. Orfet – Perugia.it/eng THE NETHERLANDS Nederlandse Vereniging voor de Specerijhandel (NVS) (Dutch Spice Trade Association). OG D-20097.it.pl ROMANIA Asociatia Producatorilor Prelucratorilor si Utilizatorilor de Plante Medicinale si Aromatice din Romania.de HUNGARY Medicinal Plant Association and Product Council.ikec. 1446 VG.V. TEL: 0031 299 630 650 / FAX: 0031 299 630 655 E-MAIL: info@visserp.. Andrea Primavera Agronomo Ph.com POLAND Polski Komitet Zielarski (Polish Herbal Committee). Hamburg City Süd. exporters. Manufacturers and Users Association).I. SALUPLANTA e.icmap. Dr.WEB: http://www.pl or malgorzata. BIURO ZARZĄDU GŁÓWNEGO PKZ 61-707 Poznań.und Früchtetee e. TEL: 361-185-1155 / FAX: 361-237-1388 ITALY Federazione Italiana dei Produttori di Piante Officinali (FIPPO). importers. Prof. 47/49 – 2021 Milano (MM1 – Palestro). Executive Director. Tel: +49 30 4000 8111 / Fax: +49 30 4000 8500 WEB: http://www.org. Unione del Commercio.ro 70 . (ROPAM). Einsteinstraat 30G.-Oberdorf-Siedlung 16 D-06406 Bernburg. TEL: 0655280704 – 065866345-305 / FAX: 065812750 0655265296 E-MAIL: feiroma@tin.it WEB: http://www. Dumitru Lazurca. Menesi ut 44.wkf. Libelta 27. Purmerend. 55 E-MAIL: pkz@iwnirz. Torrente Mussino.saluplanta. Brasov. G. cod 505600. The Netherlands.zza G. harvesters.E.nl WEB: http://www.pl WEB: http://www.G. E-MAIL: dlazurca@deltanet. Waldseeweg 6. Secretary.assoerbe.P. TEL: 61/665 95 40 Ext. del Turismo e dei Servizi della Provincia di Mila. fei@confcommercio.feierboristi. c/o P. ul. H-1118 Budapest. Germany.de WEB: http://www. Str. FAX: +49 03471 640 332 E-MAIL: saluplanta@t-online. TEL: +39 02 7750575 / FAX: +39 02 76005543 E-MAIL: info@assoerbe.de/ WKF Wirtschaftsvereinigung Kräuter.pianteofficinali. Federazione Erboristi Italiani 00153 Roma . Dr. 4 06134 S. TEL/FAX: +40(268)273766. (Romanian Medicinal and Aromatic Plants Growers. Visser & Zoon B.

org WEB: http://www. Spain. P.com WEB: http://www.si/ihgc SPAIN Asociación Catalana de Productores de Plantas Aromáticas y Medicinales (ACPPAM). E-MAIL: bolnilsson@gmail. 11000 Belgrade Serbia. 20 St Dunstan‘s Hill.O. TEL: +386 3 712 1600 / FAX: +386 3 712 16 20 E-MAIL: martin.svenskakryddforeningen. 08011. sector 1. TEL: +44 (0) 845 680 1134 / FAX: +44 (0) 845 680 1136 E-MAIL: secretary@bhma.org WEB: http://www. Bo Nilsson. Secretary‘s office: Mónica Lorenzo Tejedor Calle Maladeta.pavlovic@guest. TEL: +44 (0) 20 7283 5511 / FAX: +44 (0) 20 7623 1310. Cataluña E-MAIL: acppam@ctfc.es WEB: http://www.a-t-c.udl. Str.org.org.org WEB: http://www. London WC1A 1NU. LN8 0BR.icco. Box 583. Seeds and Fats Association Ltd (FOSFA). London EC3R 8NQ.uk WEB: http://www. United Kingdom.org SLOVENIA International Hop Growers Convention (IHGC).info International Cocoa Organization (ICCO).info WEB: http://www. 22300 BARBASTRO (Huesca). 20.org WEB: http://www.hmelj-giz. TEL: +34 934548725 FAX: +34 934513155 E-MAIL: afepadi@afepadi. 208.org The Federation of Oils.27-29. Barcelona.org 71 . Market Rasan. Commonwealth House 1-19 New Oxford Street. TEL: +46 707 89 75 60. George Enescu.uk British Herbal Medicine Association (BHMA).se UNITED KINGDOM Aromatherapy Trade Council (ATC). nr.acppam. Secretary-General. TEL: +381 3031 653 E-MAIL: office@amapseec. PO BOX 219.ro SERBIA AND MONTENEGRO Association for Medicinal and Aromatic Plants of Southeast European Countries (AMAPSEEC).bojor@home. TEL: +44 (0)20 7400 5050 / FAX: +44(0)20 7421 5500 E-MAIL: info@icco.arnes.org SWEDEN Svenska Kryddföreningen (Swedish Spice Association). 9 Lincolns Inn Fields. Ovidiu Bojor.org International Federation of Essential Oils and Aroma Trades (IFEAT). TEL: 01673 844 672 E-MAIL: info@a-t-c.eustas. E-MAIL: membership@fosfa. Malgajeva 18. Bucaresti.Planta Romanica. C/ Aragón. TEL: +44 20 7729 5904 / FAX: +44 20 7814 8383 E-MAIL: secretariat@ifeat. SI-3000 Celije Slovenia.cat/webcat Asociación Española de Fabricantes de Preparados Alimenticios Especiales.org European Stevia Association (EUSTAS).afepadi. Exeter EX1 9GX. Tadeuša Košćuška 1. Tel: +34 974 311478 / Fax: +34 974 311359 E-MAIL: info@eustas.si WEB: http://www.ifeat. Dietéticos y Plantas Medicinales (AFEPADI). Dr.amapseec.org WEB: http://www. London WC2A 3BP. TEL: +40 (21) 3154783 / FAX: +40 (21) 3100025 E-MAIL: ovidiu.bhma.

0355 (10am to 10pm only). T6M 0J4 Canada. TEL: (780) 997-4372) / FAX: (780) 998-0078 72 .com British Columbia Sea Buckthorn Growers Association.C.seasoningandspice.uk NORTH AMERICA CANADA Alberta Natural Health Agricultural Network (ANHAN).504.org.4462 / FAX: 780.2182 E-MAIL: shsa@imagewireless. TEL: 306. Box 19 Phippen. PO Box 20024. 10449 Warren Road. Manitoba R1A 1S0 Canada. S0k 3E0 Canada.475.certifiedorganic. V1V 2K7.org/ Seed Crushers‘ and Oil Processors‘ Association (SCOPA).org.847.bowden@scopa.694. 8716 .847. Hawkstone RPO. Vernon BC V1T 9G1.arrgo.org. 6 Catherine Street.2676 / FAX: 819.qc.ca WEB: http://www. TEL: (204) 766-2669 / FAX: (204) 482-8667 National Herb and Spice Coalition (NHSC).bc. TEL/FAX: 604. Fort Sask.4622 / FAX: 306. 998 Skeena Drive. PO Box 67314. 7235 Bellshire Gate. E-MAIL: shsa@imagewireless. AB T8L 2S8 Canada. Filière des plantes médicinales biologiques du Québec.org WEB: http://www.WEB: http://www.html Medicinal & Aromatic Plants Association of Manitoba. c/o SHSA.uk WEB: http://www.fosfa.ca British Columbia Herb Growers Association (BCHGA). TEL: 780.ca WEB: http://www. PO Box 671.1862. Canada T0C 2P0.org WEB: http://newcropsalberta.com WEB: http://www. London WC2B 5JJ Tel: 020 7836 2460 / Fax: 020 7836 0580 E-MAIL: ssa@fdf. E-MAIL: fpmq@plantesmedicinales.qc. Box 18 Phippen. Alberta.uk WEB: http://www. TEL: (780) 789-3301 or 1 887 789 3301 (toll free) E-MAIL: judy.org/CHSNC Canadian Spice Association (CSA). Box 277A Surbiton KT7 OLZ United Kingdom.canadianspiceassociation.. Saskatchewan. TEL: +44 (0) 20 8398 5955 / FAX: +44 (0) 20 8398 6010 E-MAIL: angela.ca WEB: http://www.112 Street.694. Spice and Natural Health Products Coalition. Kelowna. 43. ON L5N 8A0.P. Magog (Québec) J1X 3W7 Canada.saskherbspice.ca/index.com/ Certified Organic Associations of BC.zastre@anhan. E-MAIL: info@canadianspiceassociation.plantesmedicinales. TEL: 306-694-4622 / FAX: 306-694-2182. Saskatchewan. Secretary General Angela Bowden. Selkirk.bc.scopa. Edmonton.uk The Seasoning and Spice Association (SSA).ca Northern Alberta Herb Growers. 202 32 TEL: 250 260 4429 / FAX: 250 260 4436. TEL: 819.444.org. C. E-MAIL: info@anhan. Alberta. E-MAIL: office@certifiedorganic.ca nd Street. PO BOX 88059 Mississauga. TEL: 250 542 1816 / FAX: 250 260 1882 Canadian Herb.com WEB: http://www.O. Vernon BC V1B 3C5. B. P.bcherbgrowers. Thorsby.org/ Alberta Rhodiola Rosea Growers Organization (ARRGO).5990 E-MAIL: info@bcherbgrowers. c/o Saskatchewan Herb and Spice Association (SHSA).

FL 32781. Conway.net Far West Spearmint Oil Administrative Committee.org Western Canadian Organic Herb and Spice Association. E-MAIL: info@ginsenggrowers. Washington. E-MAIL: ahpa@ahpa. Station Main. E-MAIL: shsa@sasktel.saskherbspice. Kenneick WA 99336. 30. Ontario N3Y 4N5 Canada. Inc.org WEB: http://www. Gary W. Fruitland. TEL: (780) 909-1634 / FAX: (780) 942-3992 TRINIDAD Caribbean Herbal Business Association (CHBA). TEL: 301.588. 100 N. CANADA.org American Council for Medicinally Active Plants. 1283 Blueline Road Box 587. Maryland 20910. South Carolina.argousier.acmap. (ACMAP). Suit B.net WEB: http://www.org Carolina Agri-Solutions Growers Association (CASGA).farwestspearmint. TEL: 306 694 4622 / FAX: 206 694 2182. TEL: 509 585 5460 / FAX: 509 585 2671.org WEB: http://www. Vice President and Executive Director.256.astaspice. Saskatoon.org American Spice Trade Association (ASTA). Box 1761.Ontario Ginseng Growers Association (OGGA). Augustine.com Quebec Seabuckthorn Growers‘ Association (APAQ).org ‗ Awa (Kava) Development Council. TEL: 519 426 7046 / FAX: 519 426 9087. S7K 4L4 Canada. Silver Spring.org/ American Herbal Products Association (AHPA).ahpa. St.org UNITED STATES OF AMERICA American Botanical Council (ABC). E-MAIL: abc@herbalgram. Trinidad & Tobago. 6200 Manor Road.asp Saskatchewan Herb and Spice Association (SHSA).O.588. PO Box 16.herbalgram. E-MAIL: info@astaspice.caribbeanherbs. Simcoe. c/o CARDI PO BOX 212 UWI Campus. Dr. West Indies.qc. Suite #918. Austin.ginsengontario. Texas 78723. 2025 M Street.7 / FAX: (868) 645-1208 E-MAIL: chba@iicacarc.org WEB: http://www. Titusville.1174.qc. E-MAIL: ghyman@sccoast.com WEB: http://www. P.ca/eng/lassociation-apaq/history-and-mission. TEL: 808.5605 FAX: 808 395 3772.1171/ FAX: 301. E-MAIL: agmgt@agmgt. Beaupré (Qc) G0A 1E0. Sk.com WEB: http://www. President Greg Hyman.org WEB: http://www.org 73 . TEL: 418 827 1659 / FAX: 418 827 8699 E-MAIL: info@argousier.edu WEB: http://awadevelopment. Suite 800. PO Box 7568. Honolulu.org WEB: http://www. Opal. TEL: 321 861 3494 / FAX: 321 861 2925 E-MAIL: info@acmap. Stutte. TEL: 202 367 1127 / FAX: 202 367 1127. TEL: 512 926 4900 / FAX: 512 926 2345. rue Sainte-Marguerite. Alberta T0A 2R0 Canada.ca WEB: http://www. HI 96825. DC 20036. 8630 Fenton Street. E-MAIL: hcbitt@hawaii. TEL: (868) 645-1205 . NW. TEL: 843 397 1502. PO Box 26344.

Box 1207.rr. CA 95473. E-MAIL: wcf@worldcocoa.wvherb. NW Suite 1300. Box 2162. Charles Martin. E-MAIL: jeanine_davis@ncsu. TEL: 707 861 0336. P. SE #86. 4820 NE 306th Circle. 8630 Fenton Street.usahops. USA 32247-5667 WEB: http://www.com WEB: http://www. E-MAIL: nyeann@ma.com WEB: http://www. Box 245. E-MAIL: herbworld@aol.org/ Northwest Ginseng Growers Association (NGGA). E-MAIL: tanner@ruralaction.org WEB: http://www. TEL: 202 737 7870 / FAX: 202 737 7832. Fletcher.com/ North Carolina Herb Association (NCHA). Roger Batt.org WEB: http://www.herbnet.sonomaherbs. PA 17575-0245. TEL: 740 767 4938.edu WEB: http://nmhga. North Carolina 28732.O. 20005.org World Cocoa Foundation (WCF). Meridian. 301 W.lavendergrowers. 55 SW 5 Avenue. La Center. TEL: 785 841 9241 / FAX: 785 841 4975. TEL: 360 263 7757 / CELL: 503 819 8934 Roots of Appalachia Growers Association (RAGA). 908 W. TEL: 505 852 4241.iherb.org Sonoma County Herb Association. Kansas 66046.org West Virginia Herb Association (WVHA). E-MAIL: rbatt@spro. 1411 K Street. P. West Virginia 26452.com Hop Growers of America (HGA). EMAIL: sonomaherbs@gmail. E-MAIL: cmartin@nmsu.org/greatplains.iasc. 1289 Smoke Camp Road. Washington 98629.org/growers. WA 98936. Trimble. Idaho 83642.Great Plains Herb Growers Association (GPHGA).idahomint.org Idaho Mint Growers Association (IMGA).O.html International Aloe Science Council (IASC). E-MAIL: info@usahops. TEL: 828 684 3562. MD 20910. PO Box 157.C. Sebastopol. Weston. Washington D. 20th Terrace. Albuquerque. P. TEL: 208 888 0988.org Sequim Lavender Growers Association (SLGA). Silver Spring.kansasruralcenter. TEL: 7171 393 3295 / FAX: 7171 393 9261.net WEB: http://www. Silver Spring.ncherbassociation.com WEB: http://www. Lawrence.O. TEL: 301 588 2420 / FAX: 301 588 1174 WEB: http://www. New Mexico 87106. Box 5667.htm Herb Growing & Marketing Network.rootsofappalachia.org 74 th . Washington 98382 WEB: http://www. 2118 Central Ave. TEL: 509 453 4749 / FAX: 509 457 8581. Executive Director. Moxee. Sequim. P.org New Mexico Herb Growers Association (NMHGA).org International Herb Association.O. Prospect Place.com WEB: http://www. Suite 918. Ohio 45782.edu WEB: http://www. 455 Research Drive. Jacksonville FL. Maureen Rogers (Director). TEL: 304 269 6416. 55 Parrish Road. E-MAIL: herbgrowers@sunflower. Suite 100. PO Box 4422.

Olmedo.com PERU Asociación de Agroindustriales de Maca y Productos Andinos del Altiplano de Junín. Presidente. TEL: +61 (0) 419 495 936 E-MAIL: info@ginseng. 1 Barrio Carabotija. PO Box 1296.org.org. Junín. Perú. San Martin Nº 588. Luis Oswaldo Castillo Huerta. Perú.64. Suplemento Alimentar e de Promoção da Saúde (ABIFISA).com Australian Tea Tree Industry Association (ATTIA). TEL: +591 2 331724 / FAX: +591 2 313783 BRAZIL Associação Brasileira das Empresas do Setor Fitoterápico.com Asociación de Productores de Maca Ecológica de la Provincia de Junín (APROMACA-EJUNIN). Junín. E-MAIL: informes@apromacae. Huonville. Km. E-MAIL: secretary@talga. Parroquia y Aruquies.O.worldcocoafoundation. 243 Carretera Central.951026 E-MAIL: jambikiwa@ch. Oliva Chuncho. P. Jr. Presidente. P. Perú. Box 516.2115064/2362240 E-MAIL: jenchala@yahoo.ws SOUTH AMERICA BOLIVIA Sociedad Boliviana de Medicina Tradicional (SOBOMETRA).org OCEANA AUSTRALIA Australian Ginseng Growers Association (AGGA). TEL/FAX: (41) 3254 3040 / E-MAIL: abifisa@abifisa.org. Km 1 Via Santa Cruz.2. Walter Alvarez. TEL: +61 (02) 66742925 / FAX: +61 (02) 66742475. E-MAIL: enquiries@teatree. Ms.WEB: http://www.902645 / FAX: ++593.abifisa.br COLUMBIA Nativa Trade Association for Natural Ingredients: E-MAIL: ingredientesnaturales@gmail. No. Cayambe-Ecuador. Ramon Pinto entre Diez de Agosto y Jose Antonio Eguiguren. PO Box 903.au The Australian Lavender Growers‘ Association Inc (TALGA). The Secretary TALGA Inc.au WEB: http://www. 3121.br WEB: http://www.ec Carabotija Association of Producers of Medicinal Plants. TEL/FAX: ++593 7 2 583 173 E-MAIL: orlandocadme@latinmail.O. TEL: +51-64-344060. Lautoka.teatree.com 75 . Casino NSW 2470 Australia.ginseng. Box 66. TEL: ++593. Asociación de Productores de Maca. La Paz. Richmond North Victoria.au WEB: http://www. Orlando Cadme or Srta. Mr. Contact: Ing.Australia. TAS 7109.9679002.au FIJI Pacific Islands Noni Association (PINA). E-MAIL: macajpcg@yahoo. TEL: ++593.pina.com ECUADOR Asociación Agroartesanal de Productores de plantas secas medicinales del Ecuador (AAPPSME). Fiji – Islands WEB: http://www.9. Shacayán.org.au WEB: http://www.2.com or notariope@yahoo.com. María Resfa Guatemal. TEL: +51.org.com Asociación de Productores de Plantas Medicinales del Chimborazo Jambi Kiwa. Riobamba-Ecuador. Pasaje González #140. Javier Pablo Castillo Güere.talga.pro.org.

com. TEL: (51) 1 628 4026 / FAX: (51) 1 628 2660 E-MAIL: info@ippn.ippn. E-MAIL: aproplame@aedes.pe Peruvian Institute of Natural Products (Instituto Peruano de Productos Naturales).org.org. Lima 12.apromacae. Régulo Chirinos.com Asociación de Productores de Plantas Medicinales Ecológicas de La Unión .PERÚ (APROPLAME).WEB: http://www.pe 76 . Avenida La Universidad 595.pe WEB: http://www. La Molina.

intracen. .org www.org Postal address International Trade Centre Palais des Nations 1211 Geneva 10. Switzerland P: +41 22 730 0111 F: +41 22 733 4439 E: itcreg@intracen.Street address International Trade Centre 54-56 Rue de Montbrillant 1202 Geneva. Switzerland The International Trade Centre (ITC) is the joint agency of the World Trade Organization and the United Nations.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful