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ASSIGNEMENT NO. ONE NCP 24/25 COARSE TITLE: MATERIAL AND EQUIPMENT MANAGEMENT
NAME :SHIRISH V.KSHIRSAGAR REG.NO. 211-06-14-9564-2121
In the site of a contract of developing and constructing a new International Airport Items to be executed are
Cutting and Dozing Transportation of Surplus earth Bringing sand and spreading and leveling Procurement of Bitumen First to select excavator we need to know the types of excavator and functions. Excavators are heavy construction equipment consisting of a boom ,stick, bucket and cab on rotating platform (known as a house)The house sits atop an undercarriage with tracks or wheels. A cable operated excavators uses winches and steel ropes to accomplish the movements. They are a natural progression from steam shovels and often called power shovels .All movement and functions of a hydraulic excavator are accomplished through the use of hydraulic fluid ,with Hydraulic cylinders and Hydraulic motors. Due to linear actuation of hydraulic cylinders, their mode of operation is fundamentally different from cable –operated excavators. Excavators are also called a JCB (which is a proprietary name) or 360-degree excavators sometimes abbreviated simply to 360.Tracked excavators are sometimes called “trackhoes”by analogy to the backhoe. Hydraulic excavator capabilities have expanded far beyond excavation tasks with buckets .With the advent of hydraulic powered attachment such as breaker ,a grapple or an augur, the excavator is frequently used in many application other than excavation. Many excavator feature a quick coupler for simplified attachment mounting, increasing the machine’s utilization on the jobsite. Excavators are usually employed together with loaders and bulldozers. Most wheeled .compact and some medium sized (11 to 18 tonne)excavators have a backfill(or dozer) blade. This is a horizontal bulldozer-like blade attached to the undercarriage and is used for leveling and pushing removed material back in to the
SHOVELS Excavators where the digging action is an upward motion are called front shovels or just shovels. A front shovel has to be close to the material to be excavated before it begin excavating.place. This is required as the material being excavated should be such that it will stand on its own almost at a vertical face. When this is achieved. A crowding force is applied by hydraulic pressure to the stick cylinder and at the same time the bucket cylinder rotates the bucket through the face. Usually the front shovel are mounted on track base and have a slow traveling speed. A typical modern shovel is depicted in the diagram A front shovel has the capacity to develop high breaking force. Then once the bucket is full it just tipped over to load the . Thus they are suitable for use in quarries for loading of blasted or short rocks. The bucket will be fully filled if the height of the of the excavated material is right. the bucket is lowered to just above the track level with the bucket teethes pointing into the material face. The front shovel perform excavation by crowding the material away from the machine. And normally such material are rocky in nature. They are mainly used for digging above the track level and loading the material into hauling units. stick and the bucket as shown in the figure below. If the material height is too low a second pass will be required. The other basic parts of a shovel consist of the mount. boom. cab. The size of a shovel is indicated by the weight and bucket size.
The life of hydraulic excavator is about 8 to 10 years.the hydraulic excavator is largely a European development .In the back hoe mode the hydraulic excavator can stand on top of a bench and load a truck spotted on the bench below. The John Deere excavators and JCB excavators are the most well known examples of the wheeled based types.Line production in the 200 to 240 ton class is currently available from 3 to 4 manufactureres . A typical modern back hoe and it's key components are depicted in the diagram below. Excavators where digging action is a downward arch motion are known as backhoes or hoes and Even back shovels.material into hauling units.Due to the small swing angle cycle time is short resulting in high production. Back Hoes Description and Uses Initialy introduced in the United states as back-hoe.Thus they are used to excavate below the ground surface or below the machine track Level. Uses of back hoes . Wheel mounted excavators are not specifically for bulk excavation but designed for mobility and general purpose works. Finally the material left on the pit floor will be excavated after the upper material is excavated.Back hoes being mounted on crawler tracks can also be mounted on a wheel base.
including hammers and breakers for light demolition work. mini excavators are extreme versatile. this allow them to contract to widths as small as 40 inches to get through tight areas. Machines in this class typically have digging depths from 6 to 8 feet and their relatively powerful hydraulic systems allow these machines to run a host of attachments. pits for basement and smaller machines can handle general grading work. It is a versatile machine in that it can perform both excavation and lifting works. For easily excavated material wide buckets are used. This make it easy to refill and level the material after digging works without having to change attachments. In utility works.17m3 ( 0. a bucket and mounted on top of crawler or wheeled base.222yd3 ). the back hoe can perform the trench excavation and handle the pipes or culverts. Example in drainage works or utility works . home repair or renovation application.These machines are suitable for excavating trenches. Mini Excavator Description and Uses Mini excavators are small. high maneuverability and easy transportation characteristics make them suitable for working in restricted surroundings. During excavation the penetration force in to the material being excavated is achieved by the stick cylinder and the bucket cylinder.02m3 to 0. Like their larger cousins. Despite their size. the tracks are expanded out to their working width. Thus these machines are used in utility. Usually the machine is equipped with a backfill or bulldozer blade that attaches below the boom. These traits. compact machines that range in size from under 2000 kg to 6000kg (4409lb to 13227lb) and with bucket sizes between 0. the width of the required trench is the deciding factor in selecting the bucket. Further more with retractable undercarriages. The buckets can be selected depending on the type of material excavated. Thus this makes the need for a second lifting machine unnecessary.026yd3 to 0. light demolition. a boom arm. a narrow bucket is used. They however can also be used to . combined with their compactness. these excavators also consists of a cab. Then when the machine is in position. When excavating rocky material or blasted rocks.
As an example.For short hauls in severe conditions where scrapper operations would be difficult bulldozing can usually be adopted. The materials manager who wishes to utilize a computer in the operation of his department does not have to understand its electronic intricacies. Time plays a great role. The crawler –mounted machine is more generally accepted and 70 Ton units are at present in operation but because of its mobility the rubber-tired bulldozer is increasingly finding application. Right decision at right time is the need of hour. know generally what a computer can do. what it cannot do and how his departmental procedures must be designated so as to be compatible with computer operation. it is necessary that the decision be based on the latest information. All the decisions are based upon the past data or information and as such with the change in technology and other developments. Such pairing can be applied to jobs like the construction of a residential swimming pool. Freeing the personnel from routine clerical work and repetitive tasks. Buldozers Although not usually employed as a primary excavator the Buldozer has considerable application in surface mining. Effective use of a computer offers a manager several significant advantages. a mini excavator can be paired with a wheeled based front shovel. . however. The mini excavator can dig while the skid-steer loader removes the material and loads it into a dump truck. He should. Material Management 1) In modern management. Computing ability to process huge volumes of data rapidly.complement bigger machines or even work in conjunction with them. for which a sound data processing system is called for.
Computation of economic order quantities. The materials management activities which can be performed by computerized system are the same in all cases. Immediate availability of much more complete data for use in decision making. Short-term schedule. Following list gives a list of few reports used in materials department. Long-term production schedule. by part and by vendor. Preparation of numerous operating reports for management. INTEGRATED MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEM : The system using computers can generate various types of information / reports depending on the requirements. Preparation of purchase orders. Distribution of accounting charges. Auditing of invoices and preparation of cheque for payment of invoice. Preparation of purchase requisitions. Materials manual. The list is only illustrative and not exhaustive. Posting of delivery and quality records. Automatic preparation of follow-up memos. Enable departmental personnel to do more creative work. . They are Posting of inventory records.
To and fro information between stores and inspection. Due dates of supply from purchase department. Information regarding receipts from the stores. Previous year’s consumption data. Purchase order. price trends. supply position (shortages). Bill of materials Price forecasts Purchase budge . Information to purchase department for follow up of supplies. anticipated price changes. Date regarding issues from stores. OPERATIONAL AND EXCEPTIONAL REPORTS : The following operational / exceptional can be obtained from the computer. Production Schedule handed over to production department. Materials from suppliers to stores. Materials requisition from the production to stores. Requirement of non-stock items from user departments. etc. Here again the list is not exhaustive. Purchase requisition to purchase department. Materials supplied from stores to production. Information regarding lead time.
. statements. customers acceptance etc. vendor and employee relations. inventory position. etc. by timely accurate and relevant information and thro’ vendor analysis etc. reminders. stock levels.. Accurate and speedy remittance of information to customers and suppliers. bills. Information for management for control purposes e. Improvement of customer relations. Items for which consumption is morel than the norms Items for which there is a supply shortage and anticipated price increase Items with stock level above maximum norms Obsolete items Computerization can be of great help to meet the following objectives of materials management. ABC Analysis Inventory levels Items below safety stock levels Movement analysis Materials accounting and summary of issues Stock verification Vendor rating Sector-wise and material category-wise purchase list Outstanding payments It is possible to get the following exceptional reports for managerial purpose. etc.g..
The selected restaurant must first receive your custom order. but a larger order of custommade parts may have a lead time of weeks. etc. Because of this. the availability of delivery drivers and the distance to your home. This would be considered lead time. The restaurant bases this time on several factors: the time it takes to prepare the pizza. forecasting and optimizing utilization of traffic facilities. you may have already considered such factors as speed and consistency. it stands a better chance of receiving future orders. based on their pre-stocked ingredients. To increase profits at the same time giving better service by optimum scheduling. To increase the productivity of materials and facilities. 2)Lead time is the period between a customer's order and delivery of the final product. warehouses. machines. management and labor teams routinely hold meetings to discuss lead time improvements. When you as the hungry customer decide on a preferred local pizza restaurant. Lead time can mean the difference between making the sale and watching a competitor sign the contract. It all depends on a number of factors. A small order of a pre-existing item may only have a few hours lead time. months or even longer. . Once you've placed your order. the cooking time. Manufacturers are always looking for ways to improve the lead time on their products. For a real world example of lead time in action. let's order a pizza. If a company can deliver the product weeks ahead of the competition. from the time it takes to create the machinery to the speed of the delivery system. Reduction of inventories to free the working capital. the restaurant may tell you to expect the finished pizza in 45 minutes to an hour. Lead time may change according to seasons or holidays or overall demand for the product.
g. the term often used is stock control. for row material stocks) or the set-up cost of production. you could still change your mind and place an order with a different restaurant known for its speedy delivery times.. or the pizza may not be cooked well.e. The three main factors in inventory control decision making process are: The cost of holding the stock (e. Companies must remain realistic with their lead time estimates. It's an identical product. The same style of pizza may arrive in 30 minutes. g. creating a longer lead time. e. There may be some limitations on delivery areas. for example. what is lost if the stock is insufficient to meet all demand. A custom order may require months of preparation before the factory is capable of mass production.As the potential customer. but constantly strive to improve their manufacturing process and reduce lead times. This is the challenge many companies face when attempting to improve lead time on a product line.g. Some processes simply take more time to create a high quality product. The ABC classification . It can be challenging to offer a competitive lead time to the customer while still maintaining quality control over production. Sometimes a shorter lead time is no guarantee of overall quality. i. 3)Inventory control is concerned with minimizing the total cost of inventory. The third element is the most difficult to measure and is often handled by establishing a "service level" policy. however. certain percentage of demand will be met from stock without delay. but the lead time is different. The cost of shortage. Lead times may also change according to the day of the week -demand may be higher on weekend nights.. In the U. This other restaurant may use prepackaged pizzas or hire more delivery drivers. The cost of placing an order (e.. based on the interest rate).K.
"A" approximately 10% of items or 66. ‘C’ items . different proportion can be applied based on objective and criteria.system is to grouping items according to annual sales volume. Oracle.30% of the items accounts for 25% of the annual consumption value of the items. in an attempt to identify the small number of items that will account for most of the sales volume and that are the most important ones to control for effective inventory ABC analysis categories- There are no fixed threshold for each class.6% of value 2.1% of value ABC Analysis in ERP package Major ERP packages (SAP.50% of the items accounts for 5% of the annual consumption value of the items. User can execute ABC analysis based on user defined criteria and system apply ABC code to items (parts). See detail at external link. "B" approximately 20% of items or 23. ABC Analysis is similar to the Pareto principle in that the 'A' items will typically account for a large proportion of the overall value but a small percentage of number of items. "C" approximately 70% of items or 10. Another recommended breakdown of ABC classes-: 1. . ‘B’ items .3% of value 3. etc. Example of ABC class are: ‘A’ items – 20% of the items accounts for 70% of the annual consumption value of the items.) have built in function of ABC analysis.
Distribution of ABC class- ABC Class A B C TOTAL No. of Items 5% 10 % 85 % 100 % Total Amount Required 15 % 15 % 10 % 100 Using this distribution of ABC class and change total number of the parts to 4000.Example of the Application of Weighed Operation based on ABC class Actual distribution of ABC class in the electronics manufacturing company with 4051 active parts. .
925 week supply.5weeks)=1. A class weekly delivery with re-order point of 1 week supply. example weekly delivery and re-order point (safety stock) of 2 week supply assuming that there are no lot size constraints. total number of delivery in 4 weeks will be (A 200 x 4=800) + (B 400 x 2=800) + (C 3400 x 1=3400)=5000 and average inventory will be (A 75% x 1. example C class monthly (every 4 week) delivery with re-order point of 3 week supply.Uniform Purchase:. . B class Bi-weekly delivery with re-order point of 2 weeks supply.5 week supply. Application of Weighed Purchasing conditionUniform Condition Items Weighed Condition Items Conditions A-class items 200 Re-order point=2 week supply Delivery frequency=weekly All Items 4000 B-class items 400 C-class items 3400 Conditions Re-order point=1 week supply Delivery frequency=weekly Re-order point=2 week supply Delivery frequency=biweekly Re-order point=3 week supply Delivery frequency=every 4 weeks Weighed Purchase In comparison. when weighed purchasing policy applied based on ABC class.When you apply equal purchasing policy to all 4000 components. the factory will have 16000 delivery in 4 weeks and average inventory will be 2.5weeks) + (B 15% x 3weeks) + (C 10% x 3.
5 WEEKS TOTA L 4000 100% 16000 2. required man-hours and inventory level are drastically reduced. safety stock reduced from 2. Increased safety stock from 2.5 to 1.5 week supply. delivery frequency reduced by 69%. Increased safety stock level by 20%. If daily delivery with one day stock is applied. Drastically reduced man・hour requirement. Total delivery frequency also reduced to half from 16000 to 8200. require tighter control with more man・hours.5 WEEKS 5000 1. delivery frequency is one quarter. Overall reduction of man・hour requirement A class item can be applied much tighter control like JIT daily delivery. Result-By applying weighed control based on ABC classification. Average inventory value reduced by 23%.5 WEEKS 800 3 WEEKS C 3400 10% 13600 2.5 days supply and total inventory level will be 1. . reduction of inventory by 59%.5 WEEKS Note A 200 75% B 400 15% 1600 2. Less man・hour required.5 to 3.Comparison of "Equal" and "Weighed" Purchase (4 weeks span)ABC class No of items % of total value Equal purchase No of average delivery supply in 4 level weeks 800 2. delivery frequency reduced to half. delivery frequency will be 4000 and average inventory level of A class item will be 1.025 week supply.5 weeks.5 WEEKS 3400 3.925 WEEKS Same delivery frequency.5 WEEKS Weighed purchase No of average delivery supply in 4 level weeks 800 1.
While the customer is king. Keeping in mind the expectations of the customer. Hence the key to running and managing a business successfully means that you have a strong customer base and a stronger supplier base. let us begin with first understanding what defines a good supplier. the customer base will fast disappear.6)The new age mantras of any business today are “the customer knows best” and “the customer is always right”. and businesses are geared towards serving their customers in every way possible. . without a good supplier or supplier chain to sustain the business. Therefore it is logical to infer then that a good supplier is one who meets theses qualities. Delayed supplies leads to business losses to the immediate customer and in turn delayed delivery to the end customer. So how do you decide if a supplier is good and trustworthy? Before answering that. A good supplier is one who can meet all customer expectations. However while the laws of commerce have remained relatively simple. the following list contains seven key characteristics of a good supplier: Timely delivery: A good supplier is someone who keeps up to timely delivery of goods and supplies. This also opens up avenues for other secondary systems like buffer inventories to keep the chain going in addition to increasing overall costs. with respect to delivery time. Businesses have grown and fallen because of the all important customer. quality of goods and dependability. And hence the role of the supplier has changed as well. the demands and expectations of the customer keeps evolving.
then the time spent in replacing it is minimal as opposed to having to replace a whole carton or shipment of that item since the delivery is frequent and the supply chain is actively functioning. then the cost advantage is supplemented.Constant frequency of delivery (daily basis): If a supplier can keep to supplying goods at constant and smaller frequencies. and often the gap between demand and supply can be hard to predict. Quick response/ turn around time: The world of business is highly unstable. Minimal paper work: From the placing of an order to the actual buying of an order involves a ton of paper work. Reasonable price: Business owners and suppliers add the cost of purchasing materials for a product into its retail price making it costlier. A good supplier will always be prepared to meet such a contingency. if a product or part is found to be defective. Meaning. . However quality assurance of the goods can again reduce the time spent on inspecting the goods. Again a frequent and smaller quantity of supplies is the key to eliminating this gap. A reduction in this cost will lead to a reduction in the cost of the product as well. This is not only cost effective but is also a time and space saver. A good supplier will find ways of reducing the amount of paper work involved. Inspection of goods: Inspection of goods is a time consuming activity for both the supplier and the buyer.
Time to swing with an empty bucket For excavation there will be three options 1. EXECUTION As per the requirement here it is recommended to use Hydraulic crawler mounted excavator i.e Poclain and JCB (Hydraulic tractor mounted excavator) 1. Time required to load the bucket 2.Taking care of wear and tear and transport damage: Transportation and delivery often involves a lot of wear and tear and a good supplier is someone who recognizes these limitations and takes proactive steps to help reduce or avoid the damage involved. Hydraulic excavator with Tyre mounted . Bulldozer 2. The importance of a good supplier cannot be undermined and it can be said then that a business is as good as its suppliers. Hydraulic excavator with crawler mounted 3. Time required to swing the bucket 3.Cutting and dozing For cutting and dozing following equipments are to be used The production of an excavation is a function of the digging cycle which can be divided in to the following segments 1. Time to dump the bucket 4.
75 m so it is advisable to take hydraulic excavator with crawler mounting and for leveling Tractor mounted crawler is to be used. of excavator required :4Nos. For excavation of 100000 Cum Hydralic excavator Volvo BL70 OR EC 160 Cof 0. Time required to load the bucket 3.As Cutting and dozing of earth is to be done for 0. Time to swing with an empty bucket 10 Sec 20 sec 10 sec 10 sec 10 sec --------------------------------------------------------------------Total time required In 60 Sec In One Hour Excavator working will be done up to 12 hours In 12 Hours with One excavator 60 Cum x 12 Hours = 720 Cum 60 Sec 0. Excavation time 2. Time to dump the bucket 5.7 Cum excavation will be done No. No. Time required to swing the bucket 4. of Excavator required to complete the work in 30 days Considering 5 days breakdown period Say 4 Nos. .7Cum capacity bucket will be required Output of excavator 1.
36000.00 :3 x 6000.00 :Rs.Dumpers (Trucks)Required: Capacity of One dumper Travel time required for dumper Unloading time Total time required for one dumper Per hour output of one dumper In 12 Hours dumper can transport material ` No.00 Total A + B + C Per Cum rate Overheads 5% 2.4 Nos. 6000 Per day .00 : Rs.18000. 1500 x 12 hours :Rs. 18000. 1500 per hour : Rs.50 :Rs.6000. 1.Per Cum rate of Excavation Even though the excavator is owned by company who is doing the work but for rate calculation purpose market rent is to be considered Rent of excavator For Dumper So per day expences A)Crawler mounted excavator for 12 hours (Hydraulic ) B)Dumpers(Trucks) per day charges For three dumpers : Rs.of Dumpers required for one hydraulic excavator : 5 cum : 5 minutes one way : 2 Minutes : 12 Minutes : 25 Cum : 300 Cum :2. Considering breakdown period total dumpers required : 3 Nos.00 : Rs.
77 3.Profit Total (1) 20% Rs.Earth leveling work 80000 Cum with consolidation and compaction For leveling work Tractor mounted hydraulic excavator two nos. 700/: 12 x 700/: 8400/- Overheads 5% Profit 20% Total Cost of Filling(2) :1.will be required JCB (Tractor mounted hydraulic excavator) will work for 12 hours JCB (Tractor mounted hydraulic excavator) charges Per hour charges For 12 hours For one JCB per day rent will be (Tractor mounted hydraulic excavator) For two Tractor mounted hydraulic excavator So per Cum Cost :16800/: : Rs.44 :27.50 63 Per Cum 2. 10.Transportation of Surplus earth For shifting surplus earth of 20000 Cum two dumpers will be required Time required for dumper for one trip Of 3 km Loading and unloading : 5 Minutes : 25 Minutes So 20 minutes will be required for dumper to dispose off 5 cum soil .11 :4.
20. Per Cum cost Add overheads 5% Profit 20% Rate per Cum(3) 4.In one hour 15 cum soil will be disposed off In 12 hours dumper can dispose off 180 cum soil No.of dumpers required to complete the job in 15 days : For leveling of disposed material one JCB will be required to work for 15 days A)So total no. 2.Bringing sand and spreading and leveling For loading of sand one JCB will be required Transporation will be done with the help of dumper Rs.00 .29 : Rs.of dumpers required will be 8 nos.115 8. 700 per hour : 8400/: 15 days x 8400/:126000. Per day rent of one dumper Total working days : 6000 Rs. Total rent : 120 x 6000/: 7.00 :720000+126000 :846000. : 8 Dumpers x 15 days : 120 Nos.53.000/B)Per hour rent of JCB For 12 hours For 15 days Total rent of JCB for 15 days Per Cum rate A+B Rs.88 Rs.
56000/- . =Rs. 5600 x10 days. 22400/D) Labours required for sand spreading :20 Nos. Per day Total 8 Dumpers will be required for 10 days So total hire charges amount : 10 days x 6000/: 60000/C) For leveling one JCB is required for four days working time for JCB per day will be 8 hours Per hour charges 700 Rs. Total working hours will be 4 Days x 8 hours Total hire charges :32 hours :32 hours x 700 :Rs. 5600 /:Rs.e for one day For 10 days B)For dumpers per day rent will be 6000 Rs. for week period : Rs.Loading time for dumper with JCB Within one hour total sand loading will be done JCB will work for 8 hours in 8 hours Sand loading can be done Dumper travel time for 20 km 90 sec.of dumpers to be required : 8 Nos For spreading one JCB will be required for four days and 20 labours will be required for week period for even spreading .375 say 10 days JCB rent 700 Rs per hour For 8 hours 700 x8 hours i.of days of JCB required will be 3000/320 =9. : 40 Cum :320 cum :60 minutes To utilize JCB 100% Total no. Cost A)JCB loads sand of 320 cum in one day For 3000 Cum sand total no.
=1235400/:Rs. 35000.Total no.35 :Say Rs.e on 5th day alongwith advance Bitumen tranporation will be started on 10 th day with the help of five Bozars of 10000 Liters capacity .83 :Rs. 518.s : 140 Nos. :Rs.80 :Rs :Rs. 250 per day :250 x140 Nos.Procurement of 150000 Ltrs of Bitumen Lead time upto site is 45 days Storage facility at site is 50000 Ltrs.86 Bitumen will be transported in Bozar (Bitumen tanker) of capacity 10000 Liters order of bitumen will be placed at the start of work i. 20. Wages of labour per day So total amount will be Total amount E)Royalti Charges of sand So per cum will be :Rs. 10.353. 411.59 86. 354/- For 3000 cum royalty charges will be Rs.62. Considering Start date from 1 :Rs.47 Total cost per cum (4) 5.00 :1000 Rs. Per Brass : 1000/2. of labours for week period will be 7 x 20 No.000/Total cost of bringing sand and spreading and leveling is A+B+C+D+E Per Cum cost will be Overhead 5% Profit 20% :Rs.
55 th day Bitumen of 50000 Ltr will be delivered at site. Bitumen will be consumed at the rate of 5000 Litres per day.So after 45 days of transportation start day i.e on 70 th day . Next lot of Bitumen will be required on 68 th day.With this our 50000 Litres Bitumen will be consumed in 10 days i.e. So Bitumen transportation will be started on 23 rd day On 23 rd day On 24 rd day On 25 rd day On 26 rd day On 27 th day These will reach at site on On 68 th day On 69 th day On 70 th day On 71st day On 72nd day 10000 Liters 10000 Liters 10000 Liters 10000 Liters 10000 Liters 10000 Liters 10000 Liters 10000 Liters 10000 Liters 10000 Liters This Bitumen will again get consumed from 71st day to 80 th day Third lot of Bitumen will be needed to reach at site by 78th day for this transportation is to be started on 33 th day On 33rd day On 34th day On 35 th day On 36st day On 37nd day 10000 Liters 10000 Liters 10000 Liters 10000 Liters 10000 Liters .With the help of this bitumen work will be started from 60 th day.
Purchase and transportation of Sand Purchase of Bitumen 20000 Cum 53.After 45 days lead time this Bitumen will reach at site.000/10000 Liters 10000 Liters 10000 Liters 10000 Liters 10000 Liters 100000 Cum 02 Filling of Earth in landing strip 80000 Cum 27. Per Litre Cost of Bitumen TOTAL ESTIMATE BASED ON THE ABOVE SR 01 PARTICULARS Cutting and Dozing Earth QUANTITY UNIT RATE AMOUNT IN Rs. 63.29 1065800 3000 Cum 518.= 82.It is as per below On 78th day On 79th day On 80th day On 81st day On 82nd day Cost of Bitumen Bitumen will be of 70 grade Per Litre cost 55 Rs.00 8250000 TOTAL AMOUNT 19393980 .50.00 6300000 150000 x 55/.77 2221600 03 04 Transportation of surplus earth from site to dumping place (3 Km.86 1556580 05 150000 Liter 55. lead) including spreading.
Types of Excavators and its functions Material management ABC analysis Cutting and dozing with the help of excavators Transportation with the help of Truck Sand purchasing Procurement of Bitumen. NICMAR Material planning . Books Read Product catalogue and literature of Volvo manufacturer Construction planning and equipment and methods by Peurifoy.Bibliography. NICMAR Construction equipment planning.
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