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Kondiba- A Hero

Kondiba a Hero
6.1 Objectives
At the end of this lesson you will be able to: Read and appreciate a short story. Use verbs correctly to agree with the subject in number. Use phrasal verbs Talk about brave people Describe people

6.2 Lets read


Can a blind beggar become a hero? If so, how? Section I 1. Kondiba Gaikwad hated begging. But the famine in Maharashtra in 1972-73 had driven him from his home in Aurangabad to Mumbai in search of bread. At first, he had tried selling brooms. Unfortunately, he had little luck selling his goods. He soon learnt that Mumbai is generous to beggars especially blind beggars. And 25-yearold Kondiba was blind. He had become blind with small pox at the age of eight. It was a cloudy day in Golibar the large slum colony in Ghatkopar, north-east of 37

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Mumbai. Kondiba lived here with Tukaram and Tukarams wife, Yelanbai. It was the end of the monsoon. In the middle of an open area, in the colony there was a well. It was full of blackish-green water. Nothing could be seen more than a few centimeters below the surface. 3. The well was highly useful to the people who lived in the surrounding huts. They had dug it two years before because the only water tap in the colony was not enough for the slums growing population. There had never been any money for a wall around the well. The mouth of the well had gradually widened as the soil and rocks on the side fell in. The bottom was narrow, muddy and filled with weeds. The well was dangerous; but it had been there for so long that no one worried about it. It seemed harmless. Kondiba had returned to the slum to eat a little food which Yelanbai had prepared. His days begging usually ended when he had collected Rs. 5 to Rs. 6 in his small gunny bag. Suddenly, there were shouts and sounds of great confusion. Kondiba and Yelanbai were startled, Someones fallen in the well! they heard a woman cry. Kondiba set aside his meal and said urgently, Quick, lead me there. Within a minute the blind beggar and the woman reached the well, and pushed their way through a small group at the mouth of the well. In seconds Kondiba pulled off his shirt and slipped into the water. Two boys were already padding around trying to find young Arvind who had fallen of a tree trunk while drawing water. The boys could not dive. Kondiba had been a good swimmer as a young boy before he lost his sight. But years of poverty had made him weak. Once he had been able to dive deep into the wells around his village to pick up shining bits of broken pottery that he and his friends would throw in as part of a game. But it had been many years since he had tried to hold his breath long enough to get to the bottom of a well. Kondiba floated on the surface for a moment, then took a deep breath and dived. Carefully feeling his way along the rocks on the side of well, he reached the bottom; his feet sank into the soft mud. He felt nothing but the mud and the slippery weeds. Tired, and with his breath running out, he came to the surface. It was now two minutes since Arvind had fallen in. His aunt, with whom he lived, was at the well. As Kondiba surfaced without the boy he heard her wailing. The blind man took another deep breath and vanished into the muddy depths. His first dive had given him a good idea of the shape of the well. So he went straight down and tried to search the bottom with his hands. They slipped in the mud and got caught in the weeds. There was still no sign of the boy.

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10. His lungs were nearly bursting. He rose to the top once again. He had been down longer than the first time, so the women and children were getting more and more excited. When his head appeared above the water, the crowd gave s sigh of disappointment. 38

Kondiba- A Hero

6.1 Read, Think and Answer I


Read paragraph 1 and answer the following questions. 1. How and when did Kondiba become blind? __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ 2. Choose correct words from the story and fill in the blanks. Kondiba came to _________ from Aurangabad. He was forced to come because there had been a ____________ in Maharashtra. In the beginning he tried to sell ___________. He soon realized that Mumbai was __________ to beggars. And ___________ beggars could earn even more than the others.

Read paragraphs 2 and 3 and answer these questions. 3. What was Golibar? __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ 4. Why did the people of the colony dig a well in the middle of an open area? __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ 5. Why did the people not build a wall round the well? __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ Read paragraphs 4, 5 and 6 and answer these questions: 6. What did Kondiba do when he heard the cry some ones fallen in the well? Did he wait to finish his meal? __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ 39

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Tick the sentences which are correct: When Kondiba reached the well : a) he found out that Arvind had fallen into the well. ( ) b) there was nobody near the well. ( ) c) he waited by the side of the well and did nothing. ( ) d) he took off his shirt and slipped into the water. ( ) Read paragraphs 7, 8 and 9 answer these questions:

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When had Kondiba learnt how to swim? __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________

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Why was Kondiba weak and tired? __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________

10. What did Kondiba find at the bottom of the well when he first dived into it? __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ Read paragraphs 10 and 11 and answer the following questions: 11. What happened when Kondiba dived the second time? __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ 12. What was the reaction of the crowd when they saw Kondiba coming out without Arvind? __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ 40

Kondiba- A Hero

Section II Heroes are not born. A blind beggar who hated begging became a hero. How? Read on.

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Kondibas head was above water for just a moment. Panting heavily and sucking in air, he went under water for the third time. He could hear the loud weeping of Arvinds aunt, and a voice shouting: Cant you find the boy? Never in all the years of his blindness had Kondiba missed his vision so much. If only he could see, he might be able to find the drowning boy. He did not know that even normal eyes would never have been able to see in muddy water. Kondiba was very tired, but he knew he was Arvinds only hope. He worked as fast as he could, feeling his way through the mud and the weeds. Arvind must be here he thought. He cannot have vanished. Kondibas ribs were aching, he couldnt hold his breath much longer. Then, just as he was about to twist his body upright and kick himself to the surface his finger felt something soft among the weeds. Cloth! He moved his hand further and touched Arvinds legs. The boys body was held in the mud and weeds. Kondibas heart was beating painfully: he badly needed to breathe. He felt desperately for something to hold in order to pull Arvind up and out of the net he was in. Suddenly, he felt Arvinds belt! Holding it tightly with his right hand, he pulled the lad free, turned about and pushed up. His spine and muscles ached. This almost stopped his movements. His weak, starved body fought against what his mind told him he must do. Keeping a tight hold on the boys belt, Kondiba struggled to push himself upwards with his free hand and feet. It seemed a long time before he rose the six metres from the bottom and broke surface. While he gasped for breath, other hands quickly lifted Arvind up and out of the well. Kondiba held on to the wells rocky side, his eyes closed, his body tired. He heard, but paid little attention to the sounds of people trying to give Arvind artificial respiration. Finally, the boy began to vomit water, and cries to joy came to Kondiba still holding tightly to the side of the well. Then Arvind was hurried away to the hospital. A man helped Kondiba out of the well and a woman patted him affectionately on the shoulder. Yelanbai led him back to the hut. There, Kondiba put on his clothes, finished his half-eaten meal, and fell asleep. That evening, a police officer came to tell the blind beggar that the boy he had saved would be all right. Kondiba later learnt that if the boy had been in the well longer his brain would certainly have been damaged from lack of oxygen. And Kondiba had saved him just in time. 41

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10. The next afternoon, Arvind returned to Golibar He went at once to Kondiba and, while his aunt watched with tears in her eyes, he touched Kondibas feet in gratitude. 11. Indeed, Kondiba had saved a life. But his own still had to go on, and for him that meant begging. By afternoon Kondiba was back on the streets of Mumbai with his gunnysack. However, word soon began to spread about the beggars courage. His picture and the story of his daring rescue were published in many national and local papers. Suddenly Kondiba became a hero. He was praised by the Governor, the Chief Minister of Maharashtra, and other officials. Rewards totalling Rs. 12,970 were presented to him. For a few months, he was given a home in a Home for the Blind. Here he learnt some skills such as bottling and the weaving of chair seats. 12. Today, Kondiba lives in Jalna, a market town close to his native village. He has married a local girl and runs a small business. Kondiba Gaikwads bravery and determination to find the boy in the well had completely changed his own life. 13. The beggar who hated begging need never beg again.

6.2 Read, Think and Answer II


Read paragraphs 1, 2 and 3 answer the following questions. 1. What did Kondiba miss most now? Why? __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ 2. Kondiba was tired but he did not give up hope. Why? Give at least two reasons. __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ Read paragraphs 4, 5, 6, 7, and 8 and answer these questions. 3. What did Kondibas fingers touch in the muddy water? __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ 4. How did he free the boy from the weeds? __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ 42

Kondiba- A Hero

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Which words in the story tells us about the reaction of the crowd when Kondiba brought Arvind out? __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ Read paragraphs 9, 10, 11, 12 and 13 and answer these questions.

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What did the policeman tell Kondiba? What would have happened to Arvind had he not saved him just in time. __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________

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What publicity did he get? __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________

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What reward did Kondiba get? __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________

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Where did he get a home? What did he learn there? __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________

6.4 Overall Questions


10. Kondiba was blind. Yet he became a hero. What qualities of Kondiba helped him change his life (hint bravery, .) __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ 43

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11. Why do you think Kondiba hated begging? __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ 12. Put the following sentences in proper order to rewrite the story. First number the sentences in this book and then write them out in your notebook. The first one is done for you. i) The people of Golibar colony had dug a well in an open area. ( ) ii)When Kondiba heard about it he left his meal and rushed to rescue the boy. ( ) iii) Kondiba was a blind beggar who lived in Golibar Colony. (1) iv) One day a boy fell into the well. ( ) v) After sometime Kondiba became breathless but he did not give up. ( ) vi) Kondibas picture and story was published in the newspaper. ( ) vii) Kondiba dived into the well to bring the boy out. ( ) viii) Thus he saved Arvinds life. ( ) ix) Kondiba, a blind beggar, became a hero and was well rewarded. ( ) x) Today Kondiba runs a small business and is happy. ( ) xi) Without thinking about himself he dived again and freed the boy from the weeds. () xii) Arvind touched Kondibas feet in gratitude. ( )

6.5 Lets Learn Grammar I


Agreement of subject and verb You all know that every sentence has a doing word or verb. For example, the underlined words in the sentences below are verbs.

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Kondiba- A Hero

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Gita lives in India. The game starts on Saturday. Venu works in Chennai. Sahu is a hardworking person. Verbs and their subjects must agree in number.

e.g. 5. Hamid grows roses in his garden. (singular) 6. Asoka trees grow very tall. (plural) In sentence 5 the subject (Hamid) is singular whereas in sentence 6 the subject (trees) is plural Exercise - 1 Select the best word to fill in the blanks. Remember the subject and the verb must be in agreement. Sentence (I) has been worked out for you. (i) An aeroplane flies faster than a helicopter. (fly/flies)

(ii) The house _________ near a large park. (is/are) (iii) Buses ___________ at the New Colony bus-stop. (stop/stops) (iv) The lake __________ deeper then the pool (is/are) (v) Jyoti __________ at the station for the train. (wait/waits) (vi) People __________ hot tea in cold weather. (drink/drinks) Exercise - 2 Remember when we use word like each and every they refer to singular subjects so we must use suitable verbs to agree with them. As: e. g. Every child had a new book. Now work on these sentences. (i) Each postman ________ given a bundle of letters to deliver. (was/were)

(ii) Every student __________ preparing for the exam. (is/are) 45

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(iii) Each answer ________ be written clearly. (has/have) (iv) Players _________ before the match. (practice/practices) (v) Each seat _________ a number. (need/needs) Exercise - 3 When the subject one of is followed by a plural noun, you must remember it still refers to one which is singular, so the verb must agree with it. e.g. One of my friends lives next to your house. (i) This _________ one of his best films. (is/are)

(ii) One of my favourite dresses __________ got torn. (have/ has) (iii) Udaipur palace one of the most beautiful places ____________ built in the middle of the lake. (were/was) (iv) One of the villagers _______ beautiful songs. (sing/sings) (v) One of the fruits _________ over ripe. (look/looks)

6.6 Lets Learn Grammar II


Phrasal verbs Read the following sentences: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. I am coming back to Delhi on Sunday. Reena turned off the lights. Reshma got into the car. He threw away the ball. Rahim switched on the fan. In the above sentences we have used verbs coming, turned, got, threw and switched with the following words: (Back, off, into, away and on.) These verbs are called phrasal verbs. We often use verbs with some other words also. For example:

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Kondiba- A Hero

In, on, up, round, about, over, by, out, down, through, along. Read the following sentences. You will notice that the second word used with the verb often gives it a special meaning. Here are some examples using got out of, got back, got into, got off, got over (1) The car stopped and Reena got out. (here got out means Reena got out of the car) (2) She has got back from Canada. (Here got back means returned) (3) He got into trouble. (Here got into means entered into a troublesome situation) (4) Raja got off the bus. (Here got off means got down from) (5) Juhi has got over her illness. (Here got over means recovered from) (6) The thief got away from jail. (Here got away means escaped) Exercise -I Now complete the sentences using the following words. Out, away, back, in, down (i) Please dont go ______ stay for some more time.

(ii) He is going ________ of the country on Monday. (iii) They havent got a key to the house, so they cant get _______. (iv) What happened to the picture on the wall? It fell ________. (v) Suhasini is coming _________ next Monday. Exercise -II Complete the sentences given below by filling each blank with one of the phrasal verbs given below. Looking forward, throw away, breaking down, drove off, fill in, give up. 1. 2. Dont give up your studies, you must work hard. Dont ___________ that box, I need it. 47

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Can you __________ this form for me? She got into the car and _________. The police got into the house by _________ the door. Rohan is ______________ to the summer holidays.

6.7 Increase Your Word Power


Given below is a list of words. Some words are naming words and others describe people, places or things. Select words which belong to different words groups and put them into the boxes provided. An example has been worked out for you. Famine, well, dangerous, blackish-green, blind, harmless, colony, large, half-eaten, native, cloudy, slippery, weeds, water, meal, beggar, village. Naming words (nouns) (i) water ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ Describing words (Adjective) blackish-green __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________

6.8 Lets Talk


You have met your friend Asif after a long time and you start talking about children who get the Bravery Award given on Republic Day, Discuss one such award for bravery. You should talk about the incident using the following clues Who got the award? What did she/he get it for? 48

Kondiba- A Hero

When? Where is the child from? How? Describe the event One of you can ask the questions while the other answers.

6.9 Lets Write


Describing People Read the words given in the table below. Some of them can be used in sentences to describe what kind of man Kondiba was. selfish brave unkind cowardly daring Now well pick some words from the table and write five sentences about Kondiba. Kondiba was blind but he was a very brave man. He was a friendly and caring man. He was not selfish because he did not think of himself and jumped into the well to save Arvinds life. Kondiba was a determined person. All these qualities made him a hero finally. caring friendly kind determined blind cruel helpful

Now read the following. Your neighbour is not a very friendly person. He shouts at everyone who comes into his garden. He does not even let children play in the park nearby and gets angry if their ball falls into his courtyard. Using the words given below write five sentences about him. Look up these words in a dictionary if you want to. grumpy kind selfish angry warm rough friendly unkind unpleasant harsh cruel caring 49

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6.10 Check Your Answers


Section I Read, Think and answer I 1. 2. 3. 4. With small pox; at the age of eight. Mumbai; famine; brooms; generous, blind. A large slum colony There was only one water tap in the colony which was not enough for the slums growing population. No; it seemed harmless. No, he asked Yelanbai to take him there. a () ; b (X); c (X); d ()

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before he lost his eye sight. They would throw shining bits of broken pottery into wells and Kondiba would dive to pick them up.

10. No; Arvinds aunt was crying loudly. 11. Tried to search the bottom of the well with his hands; his hands got caught in the weeds. 12. They gave a sigh of disappointment. Section II Read, think and answer 1. He thought that if he could see he would have been able to find Arvind. No he was wrong because even normal eyes can not see in muddy water.

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Kondiba- A Hero

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He was Arvinds only hope; he knew that Arvind could not have disappeared. Felt something soft; it was Arvinds leg. Held Arvinds belt tightly and pulled him free. Cries of joy. That Arvind was all right; Arvinds brain would have got damaged from lack of oxygen. His pictures and the story of his daring feat were published in national and local papers; he was praised by the Chief Minister of Maharashtra and other officials. Rs. 12,970 Home for the Blind; bottling and weaving of chair seats.

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10. Bravery; determination; helpful nature etc. 11. It hurt his self respect; he wanted to work to earn his living. Lets Learn Grammar I Exercise I (ii) is (iii) stop (iv) is (v) waits (vi) drink Exercise II (ii) was (iii) is (iv) has (v) practices (vi) needs 51

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Exercise III (ii) is (iii) has (iv) was (v) sings (vi) looks Lets Learn Grammar II I. II. (i) away (2) throw away (ii) out (iii) in (iv) down (v) back

(3) fill in (4) drove off (5) breaking down (6) looking forward Increase your Word Power Nouns Famine, well, colony, beggar, meal, weeds, village, water Adjectives Dangerous, blackish-green, blind, harmless, cloudy, large, half-eaten, native, large.

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