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Summary Annie Murphy Paul tells how researchers used to believed that parents and the way these

parents raised their children, were the ultimate deciding factor as to how a child would turn out. Paul goes on the explain that a group of researchers, David Reiss MD and the George Washington University Psychiatrists, discovered through a twelve year case study that genetic influences are more responsible for how a child turns out, than that of the parental influences. This was one of the longest and most thorough studies ever conducted. The original object of this study was to find environmental differences, which they could not find. Instead they noticed our genes have a much greater influence on our personalities than previously thought. The article tells us that behavioral geneticists dont claim that genes are blueprints that direct every detail of our personality and behavior, rather, they propose that heredity reveals itself through complex interactions with the environment. Annie Murphy Paul discusses nature meets nurture. She explains that our genetic make up is thought to bring forth particular reactions from our peers, which influences an individuals personality. Nature meets nurture is simply a matter of genes and peers. Personality is shaped by the experiences children have outside the home and any similarities between parents and children are due to shared genes and culture. Given a variety of different choices, children will pick the ones that are most suited to their gene type. The environment in which a child resides has a huge impact on the end personality of the child. The environment provided by a parent, supports the natural abilities of the child. If a child is raised without the support or environmental stimulation needed, this that child is less likely to be motivated and is more likely to have diminished mental health or anti-social behavior. If a child has a sibling, they both get different needs out of the household. Parents treat their children differently and each genotype seeks a different

environmental stimulus. Paul points out that its the experiences that sibling dont share that matter, not the ones they do. David Reiss says, How a parent responds to a childs genetically influenced characteristics may make all the difference in how those traits are expressed. This is called the gene-environment correlation. The genotype provides the basic plot but the parenting accents and emphasizes. Reisss study shows that the story starts with the child, and the parents influence upon it. If the children remain the same, and you change the way parent reacted towards certain behaviors, the genes, and therefore the child, may react differently as well. Parents should encourage their children to pursue different experiences more in tune with their genes. It appears that genes and parenting both influence a childs personality and how they turn out. The information provided in the article Do Parents Really Matter?, explains that genes are the structure of a personality. How the personality is cared for and encouraged, inevitably creates the adult they become.

How it Relates In this article the author discusses the development of a child by defining the relationship between their genes and parenting. Recently we learned that parents are influential in many important ways. It has been discussed through out the past chapters that parenting patterns affect our emotions, growth and development. We have also learned that parental practices guide a childs emotions, either inhibiting them or reinforcing them. The goodness to fit practice is discussed in the book as well. It is recommended that a parent needs to adjust to their childs temperament, then a good fit would develop between the parents actions and the childs personality. The childs personality, as we all know, is developed from their genes. This article outlines how genes and

parenting, determine the type of person a child would eventually become. The book has also discussed the ethnotheories. Ethnotheories are a set of ideas in which the values and practices of a particular culture or ethnic group are embedded. If a child is raised in culture where women submit to the demands of men, that child would believe it is her duty to submit to a man. However, if that same child was raised in an environment where women stood strong and measured the same as a man, this child would believe it was her right to be treated as an equal. The article Do Parents Really Matter? describes all of the afore mentioned items. I believe the article basically outlines and confirms what we have already read in our book. However, further reading in the book tells us that child may be born with specific genes, however, it is how these genes are stimulated that make up a person.

Critique I believe that this article was informative and educational. Paul explains that the research done was very extensive and in fact took twelve years to complete. The information was laid clearly, with quotes from David Reiss one of the original researchers, through out the article. I do have to disagree with a few points in the article. After much reading in our textbook, I believe that the environment and culture in which you are raised has much more to do with how you turn out. The major strengthof this article was Reisss disbelief in the beginning of the article, it captured my attention immediately. All in all, I enjoyed discussing this article.