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should walk around with the camera and determine the shot size, the location of the camera, etc. 2. A.D. calls for a KEYS-IN. (KEYS IN = Director will explain shot to crew. A.D. will give crew estimated time to work on shot). The KEYS-IN will give the crew opportunities to ask any questions if they are confused and also for the A.D. to let everyone know how long they have to set-up the shot. During the KEYS-IN, the crew should be silent paying attention to the director, d.p., or A.D.. During KEYS-IN, the Director should explain the shot by defining the shot size, the location of the camera, the action of the actors, and whether the shot has sound or not. During KEYS-IN, the Assistant Camera should set focus marks on the ground while the director and actors/ stand-ins block the action. The Director of Photography and Director can frame the shot changing the focal length to his/her preference. The Director and D.P. should then also run-through/ rehearse the shot with either the actors or stand-ins looking through the camera and make any changes if necessary to framing or camera set-up. We are still in a KEYS-IN, so the crew should still be quiet and focused. Once everyone gets the rough idea of the scene, the A.D. should ask if there are any questions from the different departments (SOUND, GRIP, LIGHTING, MAKE-UP, etc.) . If there are no questions, the A.D. will say KEYS RELEASED. (This means the crew should go and set-up the shot). The actors are released and the director can go with them to rehearse or stay on set. The crew should work on setting up the shot. The D.P. works with the Gaffer and the Key Grip and the Grip to set up the shot in regards to lighting. While the crew is figuring out the lighting, the A.C. should be taking focus marks. Only leaving the camera if the AD or DP is near the camera and has a hand on the camera.








10. The Gaffer takes light meter readings where necessary. The Gaffer tells the D.P. what the F-stop is. The Gaffer may also instruct the Key Grip and Grip where to place lights or any instrument related to lighting, i.e. C-stands, flags, etc.

11. The

D.P. tells the A.C. what F-stop to set the shot at. The A.C. sets the F-stop. The Director of Photography should double-check all settings as well just in case.

12. The D.P. should let the A.D. know when the shot is ready or if there are any problems. There should be constant communication between A.D. and the D.P. 13. When the Director is ready, the Director should tell the A.D. if a rehearsal with the actors will happen or if they will go directly in the shot. The A.D. should let the crew know that the rehearsal or shot is about to happen. 14. The A.D. will now call the cadence that informs the crew that the rehearsal or shot is ready to be shot.

***CADENCE ON THE OTHER SIDE OF PAGE*** CADENCE What the A.D. says and the result of the cadence 1) A.D.: Lock it up for picture! Result: The crew quiets down and settles into place, getting ready to work on the shot. **1A)**IF IT IS A REHEARSAL, THE A.D. SHOULD SAY LOCK IT UP FOR REHEARSAL!** The result is still the same. 2) A.D.: Is sound ready? Result: The Sound Recorder should get levels set during the rehearsal. When set, the Sound Recorder replies: Sound ready. 3) A.D.: Is camera ready? Result: The A.C. double-checks the focus on the lens and the aperture setting as stated. The A.C. replies: Camera ready. 4) A.D.: Is the director ready? Result: The director confirms his/her composition and also confirms with the actor if he/she is ready, then replies to the A.D.: Director ready. ** 4A)** IF IT IS A REHEARSAL, THE A.D. SHOULD LET THE DIRECTOR CALL IT. ** This means the director will just say Action and rehearse the shot. 5) For a take, The Grip / 2nd A.C. stands in front of the camera with the slate. 6) A.D.: Roll sound! Result: The Sound recordist starts recording the sound. When the recorder is rolling, the Sound Recordist replies: Speed! 7) The Grip/ 2nd A.C. should read the SLATE INFORMATION (SHOT AND TAKE). Example: Shot 2B Take 2 or Shot 2 Beta Take 2. 8) A.D.: Roll camera! Result: The D.P. starts the camera first and when camera is at SPEED, the D.P. replies: Speed! (Speed indicates that the camera is running and the Script Supervisor should start taking time using a stopwatch). 9) The Grip / 2nd A.C. should clap the slate, then clear the frame quickly.

10) The Director: ACTION! (This informs the actor that he/she should perform). 11) After the shot, The Director yells: CUT! 12) A.D.: Ask the director if the shot was okay? Result: The director should indicate whether he/she wants to do the shot again or if the crew can move onto the next shot or set-up. 13) A.D.: If director likes shot, ask D.P. and Sound if shot was okay. 14) If the shot is good, the A.D. will say: Moving on to the next shot/setup. If not, the A.D. should reset the crew and start over at step #1. 15) If the shot is good and you are moving on to a new set-up, the A.D. should call a KEYS-IN again and start the whole process over. **PROTOCOL BEFORE EACH SHOT IS ON OTHER SIDE OF PAGE**

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