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Bamboo Industry in Maragondon, Cavite Thesis Statement: The bamboo industry serves as a steady source of income and is the

key to making the economic status of the town boost. I. Maragondon is an agricultural town. A. It has reserved hectares of lands for agricultural products. B. The town has ideal climatic conditions for crops. II. Maragondon is an ideal place for the growth of bamboo. A. There are many barangays which reserve hectares of lands for bamboo plantations. B. The town has fertile, loamy, and moist soil. III. The government promotes the towns products. A. The government features bamboo products in Maragondon Day, held every 7th of September. B. The products are being featured in various exhibits. IV. The town has won different prizes for having creative products. A. It was awarded Dangal ng Barangay Products by DTI. B. The Bamboo Lampshade won as Best Non-Food Product during the AGRARYO Trade Fair Exhibit. V. Bamboo industry is a key to giving the town a progressive economic status. A. The town meets the growth requirements of bamboo which makes it an ideal living place for the plant. B. The bamboo products have already attracted customers and will be attracting more in the future years.

C. The products are durable and stylish which makes them high in demand. D. If the industrys more properly handled, a major impact in the finance of the town could be made.

An Overview of the Municipality of Maragondon Maragondon, situated in the province of Cavite, is 54 kilometers south of Metro Manila and elevates 78 feet above sea level, along the flatlands of the mountain ranges bordering Cavite Province and Batangas. It is located West of the province, at approximately 120 degress 40.4 minutes East longitude and 140 degrees 10.6 minutes North latitude. On the Southern side are its mountain ranges serving as objects of tourism and buffers of nature, namely, Mt. Pico de Loro, Mt. Palaypalay, Mt. Hulog, Mt. Mataas na Gulod, Mt. Nagpatong and Mt. Buntis. Its dry season is from October to April, and the wet season, from May to September. Its primary means of livelihood is farming, bamboo industry, and its principal crops are rice, sugarcane, corn, cassava, banana, and pineapple. Maragondon is the largest town in the province having an approximate area of 16, 549 hectares. It is surrounded by Naic on the North, Indang on the North-East, Ternate on the West, Nasugbu, Batangas on the South, Bailen and Alfonso on the East, and Magallanes on the SouthWest. The 27 barangays of Maragondon are Poblacion 1-A, Poblacion 1-B, Poblacion 2-A, Poblacion 2-B, Caingen, Garita A, Garita B, Sn MMiguel A, San Miguel B, Pinagsanhn A, PInagsanhan B, Bucal 1, Bucal 2, Bucal 3-A, Bucal 3-B, Bucal 4-A, Bucal 4-B, Tulay A (Kanluran), Tulay B (Silangan), Pantihan 1, Pantihan 2, Pantihan 3, Pantihan 4, Mabato, Talipusngo, Layong Mabilog and Sta. Mercedes (Patungan). Maragondon was originally named Madagundong, a word synonymous to Maugong, which was derived from Uugong. Uugong was the initial place of civil government of

Maragondon. The flowing and cascading waters of Uugong, a place in Capantayan, created a remarkable sound, dagundong. And so the name Madagundong was established. Feeling dissatisfied about the given name, the people appealed to the gobernadorcillo to change the name Madagundong to Marigondon, in honor of the towns patron saint, The Nuestra Senora Maria de la Asuncion. It was Lope K. Santos, a member of a geographic committee which investigated and revised Philippine town names, who recommended changing Marigondon to the present official name of the town, Maragondon. It was in this town where Supremo Andres Bonifacio was court-martialled for the crime of treason. On May 10, 1897, the brothers Andres and Procopio Bonifacio met their death sentence at the plain of Mt. Hulog, which was then called Mt. Nagpatong. The house where they had their trial is still preserved at the present, serving as a tourist spot and historical landmark. In this town rests a 384-year old catholic church possessing a baroque altar and pulpit. In here you will be witnessing too the view of mountain ranges specifically at Talipusngo. Other tourist spots include the house of General Emiliano Riego de Dios, the scene of the Maragondon River, Kay Akle Irrigation Dam which gets its water supply from the major rivers of Maragondon, and Mabato Waterfalls and Beach Resort. Population Information The table below shows the statistical data of the population of the town. Year 2000 2001 15 722 16 326 Male 15 455 16 209 Female 31 177 32 535 Total

2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011

16 953 17 347 18 013 18 705 19 424 16 926 17 169 17 355 17 527 17 879

16 831 17 596 18 230 18 929 19 653 16 678 17 098 17 272 17 623 17 802

33 784 34 943 36 243 37 634 39 077 33 604 34 112 34 627 35 150 35 681

Start of the Industry When Former President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo launched One Town One Product (OTOP) project which promotes entrepreneurship, the municipality of Maragondon proudly identified bamboo as their main product which they would like to promote since it is abundant in the town. The fine characteristics of the bamboo which grow in the town made it a promising object of export. OTOP also supports micro, small and medium enterprises (MSMEs) which manufacture, offer and market products or services which are processed or made with the use of indigenous raw materials and most especially, the local skills and talents. The Bamboo Plant Bamboo is one of the fastest-growing plants, reportedly having an average growth rate of 100 cm in 24 hours. The growth rate is dependent on the local soil and climatic conditions. It is

the longest grass on Earth, varying in height from 30 centimeters to 40 meters. It lasts from 2050 years. It controls soil erosion and stabilizes riverbanks. It helps in the rehabilitation of degraded land, conservation of topsoil, and in water management. It could grow in most places in the world, even in the adverse conditions, whether dry or water-logged. Bamboo has been long known as a source of material for construction and handicraft both in rural and urban areas. It is usually preferred because of its light, yet strong, sturdy, straight, durable and versatile characteristics. There are a lot of other hardwoods which have these characteristics too but bamboo grows a lot faster than these hardwoods such as narra, yakal, and mahogany which require about 20 years or more to grow. In a span of 3 years, bamboo grasses are ready for use. It has been beneficial in many industrial and agricultural sectors. It is a good material for furniture, fishing gear, handicrafts, and musical instruments. Maragondon as Bamboo Capital of Cavite Maragondon is one of the municipalities of Cavite which have an abundant supply of bamboo. In proof with this is that 479.470 hectares (2.9%) of the 16 549 hectares of Maragondon land is devoted to bamboo production. Most of the farmers in the place engage in bamboo plantations since the lands in the place are really suitable for propagation. But since there is a need for more income, the farmers had sought new ways on how to improve their lives to escape poverty. In line with this matter, the thought of processing bamboo products was introduced. They process their bamboo plants to improve and contribute to their livelihood development. The fertile mountain soil, clay and loam are abundant in the lands of the town which make it ideal for the bamboos growth. They tend to grow in moist, fertile, and well-drained soil. The bamboo plants even grow spontaneously in the sides of Maragondon River.

The fresh bamboos are dried at first. After drying, they are treated with gas and solignum. Then, they are treated with pesticide. These treatments are effective for a lifetime, thus, making the products more efficient. After the treatments, the bamboos are then ready for construction of products. In times of stormy weathers, problems in the process of the production arise. One of these is the difficulty in drying the bamboos. If there are orders of products from customers during stormy days, it would be hard for them to meet the customers needs. Thus, the makers thought of drying bamboo grasses in bulks before rainy season arrives. The following table shows the bamboo plantations of Maragondon with their corresponding areas. Barangay Layong Mabilog Mabato Talipusngo Pantihan 1 Pantihan 2 Pantihan 3 Pantihan 4 Tulay B Pinagsanhan B TOTAL Area (Hectares) 48.21 7.20 13.97 15.23 12.10 11.30 11.00 142.97 217.41 479.47

Kawayang Maragondon Rural Workers Association Aiming to boost the bamboo industry of the town and maximize the income from this industry, the government under the leadership of former Mayor Monte Andaman, established a cooperative association, namely, Kawayang Maragondon Rural Workers Association. Members of these association are composed of farmers and entrepreneurs. They process products themselves, and sell these goods in a shop in Layong Mabilog, Maragondon, Cavite. Bamboo Products Through the creativity and joint efforts of the members of the said society, various products out of bamboo were formed. Bamboos produce durable products. Through the inventiveness of the creators, they were able to build bamboo products. One of its finest products is the bamboo lampshade. Its composed of bamboo tubes embedded with multi-colored beads. Inside these tubes are the light bulbs. Other products include pen holder, decorations, furniture set, picture frame, mug and a lot more.

Pen Holder

Mug

Picture Frame

Furniture Set Maragondon Day

Decoration for Home

The town has an annual celebration of the foundation day of Maragondon, being held on 27th of September. One of the main attraction in this event is, every public school in the town, elementary, high school, or college level, sends their representative group to battle for the crown of the best dance troupe. It is not an ordinary dance battle since, the dancers from these schools, are required to wear their own designed fashionable bamboo clothes. If ever they will be using props, they also have to use bamboo. There will be a parade which starts at about 5 AM. In this parade, the dancers have to show their dance moves together with their preppy clothes to impress the board of judges. After the parade, the ultimate dance showdown starts at the Maragondon Town Plaza. Several people attend this event and witness this dance battle. Bamboo for Export The beauty of the products has attracted various customers from different neighboing towns. Some of the customers are De La Salle University- Dasmarinas, CVSU- Indang, TESDA, DTI, provincial office, and the town offices.

To promote the products, the government has joined different shows and exhibits to show the masterpieces of the Maragondon people. The products have already been featured in Kabuhayang Swak na Swak, as sponsored by Department of Agrarian Reform (DAR). They also exhibited the products in the Cavite Product Fest in Bacoor, Cavite, Agraryo Trade Fair Exhibit in MegaMall, Mandaluyong City and Trade Fair Exhibit in SM Dasmarinas. Awards The elegance of the bamboo products has given the town honor and prestige. The following are the awards earned by the town for its products. 1. May 11, 2006 Maragondondon bamboo products identified by TESDA as Dangal ng Barangay Products 2. June 11, 2006 Bamboo Lampshade- Winner- Best Non-Food Product (Houseware/ Home Furnishing) during the AGRARYO Trade Fair Exhitbit at Mega Mall, Mandaluyong City Problems and Recommendations One problem faced by the industry is that instead of making the towns own products, some land owners sell their fresh bamboos directly to customers. It would be a lot better if the residents themselves create their own products instead of selling the raw materials. Making ones products would be attracting more income, but since some people want instant money, they tend to sell them raw. These raw bamboo products are sold to different customers and these customers make their own products from it. So instead of making the economy status of the town progressive, the status has just been steady. The industry has no really major impact on the financial status of the town. If only there could be a way to limit the selling of raw bamboo

grasses and the town will all be limiting the making of products inside the town only, then it would mean more income not only for the creators but also for the whole town. It would be better if there would be more promotions and advertisements to attract other Filipinos and even the foreigners too, since they only show the products in public once in a while. Prognosis The bamboo industry has been a steady source of income for the people. And yet, no significant progress can really be seen in the economy of the town because of the abovementioned reason. If this will continue, the economic trend will be will be just be steadily constant. But to be better, the government has to find ways on how to make a significant impact on the economy of the town. This industry will surely continue for many years since the creativity of the people has already made an impact on customers. The climatic and topographic features of the town makes it possible for the growth of the fine and durable bamboo plants. If the government would take action about the problems, then surely, this industry would really bloom, will give more income and would provide a progressive economic status. Bamboo industry is a potential key to making the economy of the town boost, and will continuously give honor for the town.

Works Cited Camacho, Leonarda. The Bamboo. State of the Philippine Environment Part VIII. Contrano, Marivic. Personal Interview. 27 December 2011 Maragondon Municipal Office. Socio-Economic Profile.

Appendix A Photographs Bamboo Products

Mango Industry in Maragondon, Cavite

Ariane I. Ramirez

Mr. Joey Ogatis Communications II Research Paper 14 February 2012