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LM2904

LOW POWER DUAL OPERATIONAL AMPLIFIERS

. . . . . . . . .

INTERNALLY FREQUENCY COMPENSATED LARGE DC VOLTAGE GAIN : 100dB WIDE BANDWIDTH (unity gain) : 1.1MHz (temperature compensated) VERY LOW SUPPLY CURRENT/OP (500A) ESSENTIALLY INDEPENDENT OF SUPPLY VOLTAGE LOW INPUT BIAS CURRENT : 20nA (temperature compensated) LOW INPUT OFFSET CURRENT : 2nA INPUT COMMON-MODE VOLTAGE RANGE INCLUDES GROUND DIFFERENTIAL INPUT VOLTAGE RANGE EQUAL TO THE POWER SUPPLY VOLTAGE LARGE OUTPUT VOLTAGE SWING 0V TO (VCC 1.5V)

N DIP8 (Plastic Package)

D SO8 (Plastic Micropackage)

P TSSOP8 (Thin Shrink Small Outline Package)

ORDER CODES
Part Number LM2904 Temperature Range -40oC, +125oC Package N D P

DESCRIPTION This circuit consists of two independent,high gain, internally frequency compensated which were designed specifically for automotive and industrial control system. It operates from a single power supply over a wide range of voltages. The low power supply drain is independentof the magnitude of the power supply voltage. Application areas include transducer amplifiers, dc gain blocks and all the conventional op-amp circuits which now can be more easily implementedin single power supply systems. For example, these circuits can be directly supplied with off the standard + 5V which is used in logic systems and will easily provide the required interface electronics without requiring any additional power supply. In the linear mode the input common-mode voltage range includes ground and the output voltage can also swing to ground, even though operated from only a single power supply voltage.
January 1999

Example : LM2904D

PIN CONNECTIONS (top view)

1 2 3 4
1 2 3 4 - Output 1 - Inverting input 1 - Non-inverting input 1 - VCC

8 + + 7 6 5

5 - Non-inverting input 2 6 - Inverting input 2 7 - Ouput 2 + 8 - VCC 1/12

LM2904
SCHEMATIC DIAGRAM (1/2 LM2904)

VCC

6 A

4 A CC

100 A Q5 Q6

Inve rting input

Q2 Q1

Q3 Q4 Q11 Q7 R SC

Non-inve rting input

Output

Q13 Q10 Q8 Q9 Q12 50 A GND

ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS


Symbol VCC Vi Vid Ptot Iin Toper Tstg Supply Voltage Input Voltage Differential Input Voltage Output Short-circuit Duration - (note 2) Power Dissipation Input Current - (note 1) Operating Free-air Temperature Range Storage Temperature Range 500 50 -40 to +125 65 to +150 mW mA
o o

Parameter

LM2904 +32 0.3 to +32 +32

Unit V V V

C C

2/12

LM2904
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS VCC+ = +5V, VCC = Ground, VO = 1.4V, Tamb = 25oC (unless otherwise specified)
Symbol Vio Iio Iib Parameter Input Offset Voltage - (note 3) o Tamb = 25 C Tmin. Tamb Tmax. Input Offset Current o Tamb = 25 C Tmin. Tamb Tmax. Input Bias Current - (note 4) Tamb = 25oC Tmin. Tamb Tmax. Large Signal Voltage Gain (VCC = +15V, RL = 2k, VO = 1.4V to 11.4V) o Tamb = 25 C Tmin. Tamb Tmax. Supply Voltage Rejection Ratio (RS = 10k) + (VCC = 5 to 30V) Tamb = 25oC Tmin. Tamb Tmax. Supply Current, all Amp, no Load VCC = +5V, Tmin. Tamb Tmax. VCC = +30V, Tmin. Tamb Tmax. Input Common Mode Voltage Range (VCC = +30V) - (note 6) o Tamb = 25 C Tmin. Tamb Tmax. Common-mode Rejection Ratio (RS = 10k) Tamb = 25oC Tmin. Tamb Tmax. Output Source Current (VCC = +15V, Vo = 2V, Vid = +1V) Output Current Sink (Vid = -1V) VCC = +15V, V O = 2V VCC = +15V, V O = +0.2V Output Voltage Swing (RL = 2k) Tamb = 25oC Tmin. Tamb Tmax. + High Level Output Voltage (VCC = 30V) o R L = 2k Tamb = 25 C Tmin. Tamb Tmax. o R L = 10k Tamb = 25 C Tmin. Tamb Tmax. Low Level Output Voltage (R L = 10k) Tamb = 25oC Tmin. Tamb Tmax. Slew Rate (VCC = 15V, VI = 0.5 to 3V, RL = 2k, CL = 100pF, unity gain) Gain Bandwidth Product (VCC = 30V, f = 100kHz, Vin = 10mV, RL = 2k, C L = 100pF) Total Harmonic Distortion (f = 1kHz, Av = 20dB, RL = 2k, VCC = 30V, C L = 100pF, VO = 2 PP) Min. Typ. 2 Max. 7 9 nA 2 30 40 nA 20 150 200 V/mV 50 25 100 dB 65 65 100 mA 0.7 1.2 2 V 0 0 70 60 20 10 12 0 0 26 26 27 27 27 28 mV 5 20 20 V/s 0.3 0.6 MHz 0.7 1.1 % 0.02 85 mA 40 20 50 VCC+1.5 VCC+2 60 mA A V
+ VCC 1.5 VCC+2

Unit mV

Avd

SVR

ICC Vicm

CMR

dB

Isource Isink

VOPP VOH

VOL SR GBP

THD

3/12

LM2904
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS (continued)
Symbol DVio DIio VO1/VO2
N otes :

Parameter Input Offset Voltage Drift Input Offset Current Drift Channel Separation (note 5) 1kHz f 20kHz

Min.

Typ. 7 10 120

Max 30 300

Unit o A/ C o pA/ C dB

1. This input current only exist when the voltage at any of the input leads is driven negative. It is due to the collector-base junction of the input PNP transistor becoming forward biased and thereby acting as input diode clamps. In addition to this diode action, there is also NPN parasitic action on the IC chip. This transistor action can cause the output voltages of the Op-amps to go to the VCC voltage level (or to ground for a large overdrive) for the time duration that an input is driven negative. This is not destructive and normal output will set up again for input voltage higher than 0.3V. 2. Short-circuits from the output to VCC can cause excessive heating if VCC + > 15V. The maximum output current is approximatively 40mA independent of the magnitude of VCC . Destructive dissipation can result from simultaneous short-circuits on all amplifi ers. 3. VO = 1.4V, RS = 0, 5V < VCC+ < 30V, 0 < Vic < VCC+ 1.5V. 4. The direction of the input current is out of the IC. This current is essentially constant, independent of the state of the output so no loading change exists on the input lines. 5. Due to the proximity of external components insure that coupling is not originating via stray capacitance between these external parts. This typically can be detected as this type of capacitance increases at higher frequences. 6. The input common-mode voltage of either input signal voltage should not be allowed to go negative by more than 0.3V. The upper end of the common-mode voltage range is VCC+ 1.5V. But either or both inputs can go to +32V without damage.

O PEN LOOP FREQUENCY RES PO NS E (NOTE 3)


140
0.1 F VI VCC /2 + 10M

LARGE S IGNAL FR EQUENCY R ES P ONSE


20
100k 1k +15V VO +7V + 2k

VOLTAGE GAIN (dB)

VCC VO

OUTPUT SWING (Vpp)

120 100 80 60 40 20 0
1.0 10 100

15

VI

VCC = 30V & -55 C Tamb +125 C

10

VCC = +10 to + 15V & -55 C Tamb +125 C

0
1k 10k 100k 1M 10M

1k

10k

100k

1M

FREQUENCY (Hz) VOLAGE FOLLOWER P ULSE R ES PONSE


4 10

FR EQUENCY (Hz) OUTPUT CHARACTERISTICS


VCC = +5V VCC = +15V VCC = +30V 1
v cc v cc /2 IO + VO

OUTPUT VOLTAGE (V)

2 1 0

INPUT VOLTAGE (V)

3 2 1

OUTPUT VOLTAGE (V)

RL 2 k VCC = +15V

0.1

0.01
0 10 20 30 40
0,001 0,01 0,1

T amb = +25 C 1 10 100

TIME (s )

OUTP UT S INK CURRENT (mA)

4/12

LM2904
VOLTAGE FOLLOWER P ULSS E RES PONSE (SMALL S IGNAL)
500

OUTP UT CHARACTERISTICS OUTPUT VOLTAGE REFERENCED


8
VCC

OUTPUT VOLTAGE (mV)

7 6
VCC /2 + VO IO

450
el

+ eO 50pF

TO VCC+ (V)

400 Inp ut 350 Outpu t 300 Tamb = +25 C VCC = 30 V


0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

5 4 3 2 1
0,001 0,01

Inde pendent of V CC T amb = +25 C

250

0,1

10

100

TIME (s) INPUT CURRENT (Note 1)


90 90 80 VI = 0 V VCC = +30 V 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0
-35 -15 5 25 45 65 85 105 125

OUTP UT SOURCE CURRENT (mA) CURRENT LIMITING (Note 1)


OUTPUT CURRENT (mA)
-

INPUT CURRENT (mA)

IO

70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0
-55

VCC = +15 V

VCC = +5 V

-55 -35

-15

25

45

65

85 105

125

TEMPERATURE ( C) INPUT VOLTAGE RANGE


15 4

TEMPERATURE ( C) S UPP LY CURRENT


VCC

SUPPLY CURRENT (mA)

INPUT VOLTAGE (V)

mA

ID

10

Nga tive

P os itive

Ta mb = 0 C to +125 C 1 Tamb = -55 C

10

15

10

20

30

POWER S UPP LY VOLTAGE (V)

POS ITIVE SUPP LY VOLTAGE (V)

5/12

LM2904
160 INPUT CURRENT (nA) R L = 20k VOLTAGE GAIN (dB) 120 R L = 2k 100

75

80

50

40

25

Tamb= +25 C

10

20

30

40

P OS ITIVE S UP P LY VOLTAGE (V)


160 R L = 20k

0 10 20 30 P OS ITIVE S UP P LY VOLTAGE (V)


GAIN BANDWIDTH PRODUCT (MHz)
1.5 1.35 1.2 1.05 0.9 0.75 0.6 0.45 0.3 0.15 0 -55-35-15 5 25 45 65 85 105 125 TEMPERATURE ( C)
COMMON MODE REJECTION RATIO (dB)

VOLTAGE GAIN (dB)

120 R L = 2k

80

VCC =

15V

40

10

20

30

P OS ITIVE S UP P LY VOLTAGE (V)


POWER SUPPLY REJECTION RATIO (dB)

115 110 S VR 105 100 95 90 85 80 75 70 65 60-55-35-15 5 25 45 65 85 105 125 TEMPERATURE ( C)

115 110 105 100 95 90 85 80 75 70 65 60-55-35-15 5 25 45 65 85 105 125 TEMPERATURE ( C)

6/12

LM2904
TYPICAL APPLICATIONS (single supply voltage) VCC = +5V DC AC COUPLED INVERTING AMPLIFIER AC COUPLED NON-INVERTING AMPLIFIER

Rf 100k

CI

R1 10k
1/2 LM29 04

R1 (as shown AV = -10)

A V= -

Rf
C1 0.1 F

R1 100k

R2 1M

A V= 1 + R2 R1 (as s hown A = 11) V Co


e o0
RL 10k

Co
e o0
RL 10k

2V P P
CI

1 /2 LM290 4

2V P P

eI ~

R2 V 100k CC

RB 6.2k R3 100k

RB 6.2k

eI ~

R3 1M

R4 100k

C1 10 F

V CC
C2 10 F R5 100k

NON-INVERTING DC AMPLIFIER

DC SUMMING AMPLIFIER

e1

100k

AV= 1 + R2 R1

10k 1/2 LM2904


eO +5V

(As s hown AV = 101)

100k e2 100k 100k

1/2 LM2904

eO

R2 1M R1 10k

e O (V)

e3

100k
0 e I (mV)

e4

100k
eo = e 1 + e2 - e3 - e4 where (e1 + e2) (e 3 + e4) to keep eo 0V

7/12

LM2904
HIGH INPUT Z, DC DIFFERENTIAL AMPLIFIER USING SYMMETRICAL AMPLIFIERS TO REDUCE INPUT CURRENT

1/2

II eI
R2 100k R1 100k
1/2 LM29 04

IB LM2904 2N 929
0.001 F

eo

R4 100k R3 100k
1/2 LM29 04

IB

+V1 +V2

Vo

IB

IB
3M
1/2 LM2904

if R1 = R 5 and R 3 = R 4 = R 6 = R7 2R1 eo = [ 1+ ] (e2 e1) R2 As shown eo = 101 (e2 - e1).

1.5M

IB

Input curre nt compensa tion

HIGH INPUT Z ADJUSTABLE GAIN DC INSTRUMENTATION AMPLIFIER

LOW DRIFT PEAK DETECTOR

R1 100k

IB
R3 100k R4 100k
1/2 LM2904

e1

1/2 LM2904

I B LM2904
1 F

1/2

eo

R2 2k

G ain adjus t

1/2 LM2904

eO

eI

2IB 2N 929

Zo
0.001 F

ZI
2IB

R5 100k

IB
3R 3M
1/2 LM2904

1/2 LM2904
e
2

R6 100k

R7 100k

R 1M

IB

Inp ut curre nt c ompe ns a tion

if R 1 = R 5 and R 3 = R 4 = R 6 = R 7 2R1 e o = [ 1+ ] (e2 e 1) R2 As shown eo = 101 (e2 - e 1)

8/12

LM2904
ACTIVE BAND-PASS FILTER

R1 100k

C1 330pF
R2 100k
1/2 LM2904

+V1

R5 470k
1/2 LM2904

R4 10M

R3 100k

C2 330pF
1/2 LM2904

R6 470k

Vo
R7 100k

V CC
Fo = 1kHz Q = 50 AV = 100 (40dB)

R8 100k

C3 10 F

9/12

LM2904
PACKAGE MECHANICAL DATA 8 PINS - PLASTIC DIP

Dimensions A a1 B b b1 D E e e3 e4 F i L Z

Min. 0.51 1.15 0.356 0.204 7.95

Millimeters Typ. 3.32

Max.

Min. 0.020 0.045 0.014 0.008 0.313

Inches Typ. 0.131

Max.

1.65 0.55 0.304 10.92 9.75 2.54 7.62 7.62 6.6 5.08 3.81 1.52

0.065 0.022 0.012 0.430 0.384 0.100 0.300 0.300 0260 0.200 0.150 0.060

10/12

DIP8.TBL

3.18

0.125

PM-DIP8.EPS

LM2904
PACKAGE MECHANICAL DATA 8 PINS - PLASTIC MICROPACKAGE (SO)

Dimensions A a1 a2 a3 b b1 C c1 D E e e3 F L M S

Min. 0.1 0.65 0.35 0.19 0.25 4.8 5.8

Millimeters Typ.

Max. 1.75 0.25 1.65 0.85 0.48 0.25 0.5 45 (typ.) 5.0 6.2
o

Min. 0.004 0.026 0.014 0.007 0.010 0.189 0.228

Inches Typ.

Max. 0.069 0.010 0.065 0.033 0.019 0.010 0.020 0.197 0.244

1.27 3.81 3.8 0.4 4.0 1.27 0.6 8 (max.)


o

0.050 0.150 0.150 0.016 0.157 0.050 0.024

11/12

SO8.TBL

PM-SO8.EPS

LM2904
PACKAGE MECHANICAL DATA 8 PINS - THIN SHRINK SMALL OUTLINE PACKAGE

PREVIEW

Dim. A A1 A2 b c D E E1 e k l

Millimeters Min. 0.05 0.80 0.19 0.09 2.90 4.30 0


o

Inches Max. 1.20 0.15 0.01 0.031 0.007 0.003 0.114 0.169 0
o

Typ.

Min.

Typ.

Max. 0.05 0.006

1.00

1.05 0.30 0.20

0.039

0.041 0.15 0.012

3.00 6.40 4.40 0.65

3.10 4.50 8
o

0.118 0.252 0.173 0.025

0.122 0.177 8
o

0.50

0.60

0.75

0.09

0.0236

0.030

Information furnished is believed to be accurate and reliable. However, STMicroelectronics assumes no responsibility for the consequences of use of such information nor for any infringement of patents or other rights of third parties which may result from its use. No license is granted by implication or otherwise under any patent or patent rights of STMicroelectronics. Specifications mentioned in this publication are subject to change without notice. This publication supersedes and replaces all information previously supplied. STMicroelectronics products are not authorized for use as critical components in life support devices or systems without express written approval of STMicroelectronics. The ST log o is a trademark of STMicroelectronics 1999 STMicroelectronics Printed in Italy All Rights Reserved STMicroelectronics GROUP OF COMPANIES Australia - Brazil - Canada - China - France - Germany - Italy - Japan - Korea - Malaysia - Malta - Mexico - Morocco The Netherlands - Singapore - Spain - Sweden - Switzerland - Taiwan - Thailand - United Kingdo m - U.S.A.
ORDER CODE :

12/12

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