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EXHIBIT I

SANDRA RAMSEY LINES


Forensic Document Examiner
6200 East Cholla Lane
Paradise Valley, Arizona 85253
Business: (480) 429-3999 - Facsimile: (480) 429-4677
E-Mail: SRLines@cox.net
http://www.asqde.org/

CURRICULUM VITAE

EXPERIENCE

1999 – Present Private Practice, Forensic Document Examiner - Conduct examination of questioned
documents, which consists of the analysis and comparison of handwriting, hand printing,
typewriting, commercial printing processes, photocopies, paper, inks, and other documentary
evidence to determine identity, source, authenticity, alterations, additions, deletions, or other
germane issues. Examinations include business and/or medical records. Expert testimony
experience in state and federal courts, and regulatory hearings.

1999 – 2003 Intelligence Specialist – Department of the Treasury, Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms,
Phoenix Field Division, Phoenix, AZ. Served as the intelligence coordinator and the Division’s
intelligence expert (5 states). Responsible for ascertaining the Division’s intelligence needs;
developing and implementing the means to satisfy such requirements. Served as Bureau
representative and liaison to outside intelligence related organizations; performed analyses of
major complex investigations; and provided analytical reports of such activities. In addition, acted
as forensic document examiner consultant and expert witness in ATF related cases. Top secret
clearance.

1996 - 1999 Senior Document Analyst - Department of the Treasury, Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and
Firearms, San Francisco Forensic Science Laboratory, Walnut Creek, CA. Conducted
examinations of questioned documents, which consisted of the analysis and comparison of
handwriting, hand printing, typewriting, commercial printing processes, paper, inks, and other
documentary evidence. Testified in state and federal courts. Secret clearance.

1991 - 1996 Forensic Document Examiner - Office of the Attorney General, Phoenix, AZ. Established
questioned document laboratory utilized by Medicaid Fraud Units throughout the United States
and developed AZ Police Officer Standards and Training approved lesson plan for training on the
“Techniques of Questioned Document Investigation.” Depositions and testimony in state courts,
civil and regulatory proceedings.

1985 - 1996 Special Agent/AZ Certified Peace Officer - Office of the Attorney General, Special
Investigations Section, Phoenix, AZ. Identified, planned, and developed strategies for complex
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felony investigations, which included: consumer, medical, financial frauds; environmental crimes;
political corruption, and other matters.

1987 - 1988 Assistant Director - Western States Hazardous Waste Project, Office of the Attorney General,
Phoenix, AZ. Maintained coordination and cooperation between members in multi-state program.
Developed and implemented training; collected, stored, and disseminated information; prepared
bi-monthly newsletter.

1984 - 1985 Investigator/AZ Certified Peace Officer - Maricopa County Attorney’s Office, Phoenix, AZ.
Conducted major felony investigations involving violent crimes and frauds.

1983 - 1984 Investigator - AZ Board of Medical Examiners, Phoenix, AZ. Investigated criminal and civil
complaints pertaining to physicians, physician assistants, unlicensed medical practitioners;
coordinated complex investigations with law enforcement and regulatory agencies

1973 - 1982 Sergeant/Ohio Certified Peace Officer - Cleveland Police Department, Cleveland, OH.
Supervised platoon of 40 officers in all phases of police work; as a detective assignments included
vice, general duty, strike force, and homicide; and as an evidence technician/patrol officer
responsible for crime scene photographs, latent prints, and trace evidence as well as all other radio
calls.

CERTIFICATION

1996 American Board of Forensic Document Examiners, Diplomate. Advertising Editor for the
ABFDE News 1997-1999

PROFESSIONAL ORGANIZATIONS

1998-Present American Academy of Forensic Sciences, Questioned Document Section, Fellow. Member 1996-
1997, Provisional Member 1994-1995. Elected Questioned Document Section Secretary for 2004-
2005, Section Chair 2005-2006.

1999-Present American Society of Questioned Document Examiners, Member. Provisional Member 1995-
1999. Member of the Editorial Board of the Journal of the American Society of Questioned
Document Examiners, 1997 to 2004. Editor 2004-2007.

1995-Present Southwestern Association of Forensic Document Examiners, Member. Provisional Member 1993-
1994.

2000-Present American Society of Testing and Materials, Member E-30 Forensic Sciences Committee, Member
E30.02 Questioned Document Subcommittee.

EDUCATION

Arizona State University, School of Public Affairs/Advanced Public Executive Program and the
State of Arizona, Phoenix, AZ - Certified Public Manager 1993

University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ - Bachelor of Arts, Management, 1989

Scottsdale Community College, Scottsdale, AZ - Associate of Arts, Major - Administration of


Justice, Honors, 1987

EXPERT TESTIMONY INCLUDES

Federal courts in Alaska, Arizona, California, Idaho, Texas, and Washington.


State courts in Arizona, California, Nevada, and Texas.
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PUBLICATIONS/PRESENTATIONS

2008 Speaker: “The Work of the Forensic Document Examiner.” Phoenix North Rotary Club, Phoenix, AZ
(June 12).

2007 Presenter: “A Thumbnail Sketch of Islam and Judaism as They Relate to Forensic Document Examination
and the Courts.” Paper presented at the 65th Annual Conference of the American Society of Questioned
Document Examiners, Boulder. CO (August 16).

2006 Presenter: “Legal Terms for Expressing Conclusions in Court.” Paper presented at the 64th Annual
Conference of the American Society of Questioned Document Examiners, Portland, OR (August 22).

2006 Publication: “Examination of a ‘Velasco’ Signature on an Oil Painting.” Published in the Journal of the
Forensics Sciences, July 2006, Vol. 51, No. 4, pp. 929-933

2005 Publication: “A Study of Business Letter Features.” *Lines and Randy B. Carodine. *Research presented
at the 57th Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Forensic Sciences, New Orleans, LA (February)
2005, and at the Southwestern Association of Forensic Document Examiners, Monterey, CA (March) 2003.
Published in the Journal of Forensic Sciences, Vol. 50, No. 4, July, 2005, pp. 924-927.

2005 Speaker: “Forensic Document Examination.” Tempe Rotary Club. Tempe, AZ (June 14).

2005 Presenter: “Publish or Perish.” Paper presented at the Southwestern Association of Forensic
Document Examiners Spring Meeting, Palm Springs, CA (May).

2005 Speaker: “What is a Forensic Document Examiner?” The P.E.O. Sisterhood Luncheon Meeting,
Scottsdale, AZ (January).

2003 Publication: “Identifying Manufacturer and Date of Manufacture of CD-R or CD-RW.” *Lines and
Jared Annes. *Research presented at the 61st Annual Meeting of the American Society of Questioned
Document Examiners, Baltimore, MD (August). Published in the Journal of the American Society of
Questioned Document Examiners, Vol. 6, Number 2, December 2003.

2002 Book Review: Writing and Defending Your Expert Report, The Step-by-Step Guide with Models, Steven
Babitsky and James Mangraviti, Seak, 2002. Review published in The Southwestern Examiner
(September).

2002 Publication: “Triplet & Sibling Handwriting Study to Determine Degree of Individuality and Natural
Variation.” *Lines and Frankie E Franck. *Research presented at the 60th Annual Meeting of the American
Society of Questioned Document Examiners, San Diego, CA (August). Published in the Journal of the
American Society of Questioned Document Examiners, Vol. 6, Number 1, June 2003, pp. 48-55.

2002 Book Review: Opportunities in Forensic Science Careers, Blythe Camenson, McGraw Hill, 2001. Review
published in the ABFDE News, Vol. XIII, Number 1 (January).

2001 Publication: “Yoeme: The Yaqui Alphabet,” Research presented at the 20th Anniversary Meeting,
Southwestern Association of Forensic Document Examiners, Tempe, AZ (September). Published The
International Journal of Forensic Document Examiners, Vol. 6, No. 1, April 2003 (on-line).

2001 Publication: “Dinè Bizaad: The Navajo Alphabet,” Research presented 59th Annual Meeting of the
American Society of Questioned Document Examiners, Des Moines, IA (August). Published The
International Journal of Forensic Document Examiners, Vol. 6, No. 1, April 2003 (on-line).
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1999 Publication: “Normal Course-of-Business Records v. Manufactured Records.” *Sandra Ramsey Lines,
Jan Seaman Kelly, and Diane K. Tolliver. *Research presented at the 57th Annual Meeting of the
American Society of Questioned Document Examiners jointly held with the International Association of
Forensic Sciences in Los Angeles, CA (August). Published Journal of the American Society of Questioned
Document Examiners, Vol. 2, No. 1, June. Translated into Spanish by Julia E. de la Peña, published
Indagaciones documentales, Ediciones La Rocca:Buenos Aires 2008.

1998 Book Review: “Review of the Modern Scientific Evidence: The Law and Science of Expert Testimony,”
Faigman, D., et al., West, 1997. Review published in The California Identification Digest, Vol. 98, Issue 3,
(March).

1997 Publication: “A Study of the Evolution of Handwriting from Grades Three to Six.” Published in the
Journal of the American Society of Questioned Document Examiners, Vol. 1, No. 1, June. Research
presented at the 55th Annual Conference of the American Society of Questioned Document Examiners in
Scottsdale, AZ (August).

1997 Paper: “Microsoft Encarta: A Resource for Forensic Document Examiners,” 48th Annual Meeting of
the American Academy of Forensic Sciences, New York, NY (February).

1997 Speaker: “Forensic Document Examination: Past and Present,” Bay Counties Identification Officer’s
Association, Concord, CA (January).

1997 Book Review: The Casebook of Forensic Detection,” Colin Evans, John Wiley & Sons, NY, 310 pages.
Review published in The Southwestern Examiner, Vol. XVI, Issue 1.

1996 Publication: “Indenture.” Historical and legal research of a 1729 document. Published in the
International Journal of Forensic Document Examiners, Vol. 3, No. 3, July/Sept 1997. Presented at the
48th Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Forensic Sciences, Nashville, TN (February).

1995 Documentary: “Learning to Write in the 1990's.” Co-producer (w/Leslie K. Rogers) and co-writer
(w/Rada Tierney) of this minidocumentary film presented with a paper at the 53rd Annual Conference of the
American Society of Questioned Document Examiners, Chicago, IL (September) and the Fall Conference
of the Southwestern Association of Forensic Document Examiners, Las Vegas, NV (October).

1995 Speaker: “Fundamentals of Forensic Document Examination.” Arizona Women’s Accounting Society,
Phoenix, AZ (April).

1995 Publication: “The Effect of Computers on Forensic Document Examiners.” Research published in the
International Journal of Forensic Document Examiners, Vol. 2, No. 3, July/Sept 1996. Presented at the
47th Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Forensic Sciences, Seattle, WA (February) and the
Spring Conference of the Southwestern Association of Forensic Document Examiners, San Diego, CA
(April).

1994 Speaker: “Computer Technology and the Forensic Document Examiner,” Annual Meeting of the
Computer Users Group, Security Division, Internal Revenue Service, Scottsdale, AZ (September).

1994 Speaker: “Forensics and Fraud,” Kiwanis Club, Carefree, AZ (July).

1994 Publication: “The Cherokee Syllabary.” Research involving a Native American alphabet still in use today.
Published in the Journal of Forensic Sciences, Vol. 39, No. 4, July. Presented at the 46th Annual Meeting
of the American Academy of Forensic Sciences, San Antonio, TX (February) and the Spring Conference of
the Southwestern Association of Forensic Document Examiners, Avalon, CA (April).

1992 Speaker: “The Science of Examining Documentary Evidence,” Arizona Chapter of the Association of
Certified Fraud Examiners, Phoenix, AZ (September).
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1989 Research Paper: “To What Extent Have Computers and Computer-Generated Documents Impacted on
the Role of the Questioned Document Examiner in Law Enforcement,” Southwestern
Association of Forensic Document Examiners, Tucson, AZ (April).

TEACHING/MISCELLANEOUS

2008 Instructor: “Handwriting, Forensic Records, and the New Age of Computer-Based Fraudulent Documents,”
Arizona Association of Criminal Justice, Tempe, AZ (March 13).

2006 Instructor: “Forensic Document Examination.” Forensic Medical Investigation (by National Faculty
Member Dr. Mary Dudley, MD, Chief Medical Examiner, Forensic Pathologist and District Coroner,
Sedgwick County Regional Forensic Science Center, Wichita, KA) Phoenix, AZ (November 9).

2005 Instructor: “Forensic Document Examination Overview.” Forensic Medical Investigation Seminar (by
National Faculty Member Dr. Mary Dudley, MD, Chief Medical Examiner, Forensic Pathologist and
District Coroner, Sedgwick County Regional Forensic Science Center, Wichita, KA) Phoenix, AZ
(November 3).

2005 Instructor: “Questioned Documents – Including the ‘true story’ behind the Dan Rather/CBS debacle
involving the examination of the alleged ‘Bush’ National Guard memos.” Arizona Public Defender’s
Association, Tempe, AZ (June 22).

2005 Grand Awards Judge: Intel International Science and Engineering Fair, Behavioral and Social Sciences,
Phoenix, AZ (May 10, 11).

2005 Moderator: “21st Century Crime – Forensic Science,” American Academy of Forensic Sciences, 57th
Annual Meeting, New Orleans, LA (February).

2004 Instructor: “Forensic Document Examination Overview.” Forensic Medical Investigation Seminar (by
National Faculty Member Dr. Mary Dudley, MD, Chief Medical Examiner, Forensic Pathologist and
District Coroner, Sedgwick County Regional Forensic Science Center, Wichita, KA) Phoenix, AZ
(November 11).

2004 Instructor: “Forensic Documents Issues in the Computer Age.” Continuing legal education State Bar of
Arizona, San Diego, CA (July 16).

2001 Acknowledged for contribution to the Book Opportunities in Forensic Science Careers, Blythe Camenson,
published by VGM, division of McGraw-Hill Companies, Lincolnwood, IL.

2000 Meeting participant and sub-committee member (since 1998) with the Scientific Working Group for
Document Examiners (SWGDOC) at the Federal Bureau of Investigation Academy in Quantico, VA.
SWGDOC is responsible for establishing and publishing written procedures and guidelines for questioned
document examination (January).

1998 Instructor: ATF Agent Training Conference, Oxnard, CA, “The Forensic Document Examiner and the
Agent” (June 8).

1998 Instructor: Provided 36 hours of training at ATF Laboratory to a document examiner trainee with the San
Mateo County Sheriff’s Office, CA (April).

1998 Moderator: “Dating Document by Ink Analysis and Other Examinations,” American Academy of Forensic
Sciences, 50th Anniversary Meeting, San Francisco, CA (February).

1997 Document Examiners of Northern California, organized. Planned and hosted quarterly study group
meetings 1997 through 1999.
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1997 Instructor: Provided 36 hours of training at ATF Laboratory to two document examiner trainees from
Houston, TX Police Department (June).

1997 Instructor: Provided “Overview of Forensic Document Examination” to the Northern California Forensic
Identification Unit Study Group, Concord Police Department, Concord, CA (January).

1997 Judge: Multiple District Four Lions 60th Annual Student Speakers Program, “Today’s Legal System – Is it
Justice?” Concord, CA.

1995 Instructor: “Curriculum Development Course,” Medicaid Fraud Training Program, Federal Law
Enforcement Training Center, sponsored by the National Association of Attorneys General, Glynco, GA
(September).

1995 Training Committee Member: Arizona Law Enforcement Coordinating Committee Conference, “Officer
Safety: Surviving in Troubled Times” (June).

1995 Instructor: “Techniques of Questioned Document Investigation,” National Association of Medicaid Fraud
Control Units Training Conference, Memphis, TN (May).

1992 Instructor: “Questioned Documents Collection and Submission Guidelines,” two training presentations to
Arizona Attorney General staff, Phoenix, AZ (January).

PROFESSIONAL TRAINING AND CONTINUED EDUCATION

Arizona Department of Public Safety, Scientific Analysis Division/Central Regional Crime Laboratory, Questioned
Document Unit, Phoenix, AZ, two-year apprenticeship program in the field of forensic document examination,
1991-1993 (Lockard).

United States Secret Service, Federal Law Enforcement Training Academy, Glynco, GA, Questioned Document
Course, June 1991, 80 hours.

Scottsdale Community College, Scottsdale, AZ, Photography I, II, and III, 1991-1992, 9 credit hours.

Paper Knowledge Workshop, The Meade Corporation, sponsored by the Southwestern Association of Forensic
Document Examiners, Denver, CO, October 1992, 8 hours.

Federal Bureau of Investigation, Quantico, VA, Fundamentals of Questioned Documents Course, 80 hours,
University of Virginia, November 1992, 4 credit hours.

United States Postal Crime Laboratory, San Bruno, CA, 160 hours of forensic document training, January 1993
(Lewis, Morton, et al.).

San Diego Police Department, Crime Laboratory, Questioned Document Section, San Diego, CA, 160 hours
forensic document training, March 1993 (Oleksow).

Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms, Western States Regional Laboratory, Walnut Creek, CA, 40 hours
forensic document training, June 1993 (Riker, Blanco).

Cleveland Police Department, Crime Laboratory, Cleveland, OH, 40 hours forensic document training, May 1993
(Wenderoth-Kelly).

Questioned Documents Reference Database and Typewriter Classification Database Workshop, American Academy
of Forensic Sciences, San Antonio, TX, February 1994 (Bouffard), 4 hours.
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Physical Match Workshop for Forensic Document Examiners, American Academy of Forensic Sciences, San
Antonio, TX, February 1994 (McKasson), 20 hours.

Forensic Examination of Counterfeit Documents, American Society of Questioned Document Examiners, Long
Beach, CA, August 1994 (Larner), 4 hours.

Instructor Development Course, AZ Police Officers Standards and Training, Phoenix, AZ, sponsored by the Phoenix
Police Department, January 1995, 40 hours.

Case Documentation and Note Taking Workshop for ASCLD Lab Accreditation Requirements, Southwestern
Association of Forensic Document Examiners, Reno, NV, April 1996 (Blake, Cunningham), 4 hours.

Private Practice Workshop, American Society of Questioned Document Examiners, Washington, D.C., August 1996
(Hart, Miller), 4 hours.

Ink-Jet Printers, Hewlett Packard (Drago-R&D), Southwestern Association of Forensic Document Examiners,
Tucson, AZ, October 1996, 3 hours.

Laser Printer Re-Insertion Problems Workshop, Southwestern Association of Forensic Document Examiners,
Tucson, AZ, October 1996 (Flynn), 4 hours.

Difficult and Complex Handwriting Examinations Seminar, sponsored by the American Board of Forensic
Document Examiners, Burlingame, CA, January 1997 (Conway, Cunningham), 24 hours.

How to be a Better Expert Witness Workshop (Moseley JD, Dedrick JD), American Academy of Forensic Sciences,
New York, NY, February 1997, 4 hours.

Courtroom Testimony, Laboratory Personnel, Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms, Rockville, MD, March
1997, 32 hours.

Questioned Documents Examination Proficiency Tests, Crime Laboratory Proficiency Testing Program: 1996, 1997,
1998.

Advanced Handwriting Identification: Handwriting Theory, Mechanics and Analysis, and the Fundamentals of
Disguised Writing, University of New Haven Graduate School, School of Public Safety and Professional Studies,
San Francisco, CA, February 1998 (Sang, Richards, Horan), 3 credit hours.

Computer Software Training: Windows 95, Outlook, Word, Excel, PowerPoint, Access, and Netscape. Sponsored
by ATF, April 1-3, 1998, 24 hours.

Microscopy Workshop (Kline) sponsored by the Southwestern Association of Forensic Document Examiners,
Breckenridge, CO, October 9, 1998, 4 hours.

Check Writer Workshop (Tierney), sponsored by the Southwestern Association of Forensic Document Examiners,
Breckenridge, CO, October 10, 1998, 4 hours.

Seminar on Paper Fiber Analysis (Walter J. Rantanen, Integrated Paper Services, Inc.), sponsored by the
Southwestern Association of Forensic Document Examiners, Marina Del Rey, CA, April 7-9, 2000, 12 hours.

Printing Process Identification and Image Analysis for Forensic Document Examiners, Rochester Institute of
Technology, Rochester, NY, June 5-8, 2001, 28 hours.

Detection of Counterfeit Documents (Rick Outland of U.S. Secret Service), sponsored by the Southwestern
Association of Forensic Document Examiners, Tempe, AZ, September 7, 2001, 6 hours.
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Forensic Examination of Typographic Documents Workshop (Flynn) sponsored by the Southwestern Association of
Forensic Document Examiners, Tempe, AZ, September 8, 2001, 6 hours.

Additional software courses offered through the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms during 1999, 2000, and
2001.

Teaching the Forensic Document Examiner How to Teach (Tarver PhD w/California State University, Fresno),
sponsored by the Southwestern Association of Forensic Document Examiners, Anaheim, CA, April 6, 2003, 3.5
hours.

Twenty-First Century Document Examinations Workshop – Part I & II (Gottesman, Belcastro, Mokrzycki of FBI),
sponsored by the American Society of Questioned Document Examiners, Baltimore, MD, August 28, 2003, 4 hours.

State of the Art Infrared and Ultraviolet Examinations of Documents by the Video Spectral Comparator Workshop
(Richards, Kovarik, Sang), sponsored by the American Academy of Forensic Sciences, New Orleans, LA, 4 hours.

Signature Disguise or Signature Forgery Workshop (Found PhD) sponsored by the American Society of Questioned
Document Examiners, August 22, 2006, Portland, OR, 7 hours.

Fine and Subtle Features of Handwriting (Cunningham, Morton, Flynn), sponsored by the American Society of
Questioned Document Examiners, Portland, OR, August 23, 2006, 7 hours. Appointed Group Leader.

Signature Workshop (Rile, Hicks), sponsored by the American Society of Questioned Document Examiners,
Portland, OR, August 24, 2006, 4 hours. Appointed Group Leader.

Scientific Research: A Guide to Designing, Conducting, Writing, Presenting, Publishing, and Analyzing Scientific
Research (Grusezecki PhD, Davis MD, Pinckard MD). Workshop sponsored by the American Academy of Forensic
Sciences, San Antonio, TX, February 20, 2007, 3.25 CE hours.

Technical Writing. Workshop sponsored by the Southwestern Association of Forensic Document Examiners,
Monterey, CA, April 21-22, 2007, 6 hours.

Authenticating Questioned Documents (LaPorte/Secret Service). Workshop sponsored by the American Society of
Questioned Document Examiners, Boulder, CO, August 13, 2007, 3.0 CE points.

Examination of Documents by Analyzing the Paper (Rantanen). Workshop sponsored by the American Society of
Questioned Document Examiners, Boulder, CO, August 13, 2007, 1.0 CE points.

RECOGNITION

1996 Initially selected for Who’s Who in Science and Engineering, Marquis, 4th Edition, 1998-1999

1997 Initially selected for Who’s Who in American Women, Marquis, 21st Edition, 1999-2000

1998 Initially selected for Who’s Who in America, Marquis, 53rd Edition, 2000-2001

RECENT AWARDS

2005 American Society of Questioned Document Examiners Certificate of Appreciation for contributions to the
forensic document examination profession.

2007 American Society of Questioned Document Examiners Certificate of Appreciation for contributions to the
forensic document examination profession.

2008 The Volunteer Lawyers Program Pro Bono Award for Outstanding Litigation Support.
(Revised 8/10/08)